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Full text of "فرهنگ سغدی sogdian dictionary"

SOGDIAN 
DICTIONARY 

Sogdian - Persian - English 







B.Gharib 




FARHANGAN PUBLICATIONS 




Sogdian Dictionary (Sogdian-Persian-English) 

by B. Gharib 

editorial supervisor: A. Mansouri 

editor: S. Fotouhi 

© 1995, Farhangan Publications 

2/52. Shahid-e Said Street, Tehran 15916, Iran. 

Tel: 6460069. Fax: 670230 



ISBN: 964-5558-06-9 



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» 

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15CjljIT tfj^^bji c^U* I b^ j*j <>-^l .x*iU *juT^ u^^ 
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^ ^1 jT c^U- jl jt-yt^l j ^Ji^jf <f UwT jl Ul t>jf 
^hji j.^ ^T J^j^ J* * **». < J ^J'<S ^Jv^i cr*^ uUi^^«* 

5. CW, 3(1) 1983, p. 541 

.(«Oi-X» OIjUa^-I Cw^|»)» .i-T. j 

6. C/// 3(1), 1983, p. 243. 

7. Grenet, F. "Cultes et Monuments Rellgieuse dans L'Asie 
Ccntralc Pr^islamiquc", Apud. Abstracts Ir&nica 11, 
1988, pp. 20u3Q "A-propos dc la Typologic dcs 
Sanctualres du Feu du Moyen Age dans la Sogdiane et 
Ca5", Abstracts Iranica 11, 1988, p. 94. Filanovi£, M. "La 
Culture de Tancienne Oasis de Boxara", Abstracts 
Iranica % 1986, p. 223. 



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8. Gharib, B. 5/ t 1994, pp. 131-5. 

9. CW 3(1), 1983, p. 250. 



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1 1. Grenct, F, "Samarkand ct La Route de Soie", L'Histoire 
77, 1985, pp. 30-45 

12. Bazin, L. Turks et Sogdicns t M Melanges Linguistiques 
Of ferts a E. Benveniste. Paris, 1975. 



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<jy> jl ^j-aa* iU^ii.^ JU- ^ U<Li_y »^xju- oUJ *\*4*\i ji ^-U- ioi- ^A 

19. Sims- Williams, N. ///, 1976, pp. 75-8Z 

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c -^^i .(Man. Lett.) ^yL. ^U^U <(Fasts.) ( ^ j i^ 

UJJU; < (Giants.) ujy- v 1 ^ <( Sogdica. ) u. jl, c—^i j JJU 
j oi+. _ .., r . T L -c^^U u>^ .c~J (Tales.) UOLi^b j (MSP) 

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cJLa^ V JU-I <xl6-C ^jii^ (^UiT ^Ll^I oLa io^y ^j_a ^UoLj4j 

Jpt^ u^-U^U .-..i.. ^ j ^yS XAW-—7 <Lr ^w-TpA jl j 0>^<»jUjli 

cJdi' J^*y» ,-Lu.i <*^ -f ; U ^ ! A r- ,0 ^JUc- ^i^ 0>^* jl jjl* < «" ' 1 " 1 ^ 



^rt^ jt^jj oM* 

23. Frag. Len. BSOAS 1981; Manichalca Selecta 1990; BA/ 
1991. 

24. Utz, David A^ "A Survey of Buddhist Sogdian Studies", 
Bibiiographia Philologica Buddhica, Tokyo, 1980. 



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tzaddi 


jU 


[gU 


q 


k 


q 


- 


q 


koph 


Jtf 


r *r 


r 


r«r 


r 


I 4 * 


r 


resh 


j 


s 


s 


$ 


§ 


5 


s 


schin 


J^ 


e 


e 


[d],t 


t 


[d]<t 


t 


tau 


o 


W a 


t 















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-SW.CL/, 1989, p. 179 ji^L* 

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^j, 



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oLu ^I>>«^a ^lA<i^ jl ^yji^ ^>> * j^- ^ li i{^J»*f* \j>y~h 



>* Jcr* 



To the memory of Mehri, my 
endeared sister, whose sudden, 

itimely loss deprived me of a loving 

How and support. 

BG. 



untimely loss depri\ 
fellow and support. 



Sr 



CONTENTS 



PREFACE 

NOTES ON THE USE OF THIS DICTIONARY 
INTRODUCTION 
Historical background 
Sogdian Materials 

The Scripts and Their Interpretation 
Phonology 

Transliteration and Transcription 
GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS 
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ABBREVIATIONS 
LEXICON 
ENGLISH INDEX 

PERSIAN SECTION: 

PREFACE 

NOTES ON THE USE OF THIS DICTIONARY 

INTRODUCTION 

PERSIAN INDEX 



;.# 



3±. 



vu 
ix 
xiii 
xiii 
xviii 
xxvii 
xxixv 
xxxvi 
xxxvii 
xxxviii 
1-473 
474-517 



e3 jt* 



Preface 

After I began compiling Sogdian terms twenty years ago, I thought of making a separate 
Persian word list for each Sogdian text I studied. However, there was many a term that 
would present a variant or more, alluring me into an investigation of the spelling 
variants of each term in the three different scripts and noting down the source 
reference(s) of each. 

Since all published Sogdian texts were in transliteration, by comparing various 
spellings of each term, finding cognates in sister languages, and utilizing information 
contained in the two Sogdian grammar books and other literature by researchers in 
Sogdian, I ventured trying to arrive at a transcription that would reflect the 
pronunciation reasonably closely. On the other hand, the derivation suffixes of certain 
entries were similar to their inflectional endings, which prompted me to use 
grammatical identifiers to help differentiate the forms. Adding the references with page 
and paragraph numbers, and re-examining their correctness, was a long, arduous journey 
through numerals for the fatigued eye. 

Such long a detour changed the objectives of the work altogether - from a Sogdian- 
Persian-English glossary to a dictionary supplying more comprehensive information. 
However, by the time its first printing format was conceived about fifteen years ago, 
new texts were published and many published previously were revised. In a repeated, 
doubly intense effort, therefore, I set out to enter into the dictionary what new material 
was accessible to me - which effort caused the postponement of the publication of the 
work. 

Now that I have the joy of presenting researchers with the result, I deem it a duty of 
mine to thank all those who supported me in this work and helped me publish it - those 
who have, in fact, contributed to the fruition of the effort. 

I thank Farhangan Publications who undertook the heavy costs and the exacting task 
of editing and publishing this work. Not every publisher would spend over 10,000 man- 
hours, including heavy data processing, on a book - less on one with low circulation. 
Each time a newly published Sogdian text was received, the need would be felt of 
applying modifications to the dictionary, and Farhangan would not withhold the 
additional labor and cost. It was Farhangan's suggestion to add the Persian and English 
Indices, which were extracted by computer, edited and beneficially used in better 
refining the dictionary. Suggesting the final structure of the entries, proposing to have 
two introductions in Persian and English, and the editing of both constitute but another 



vii 



Notes on the Use of This Dictionary 



This dictionary comprises two Introductions - in 
Persian and English - and three parts. The 
Introductions are not translated one from the other, 
but have been written independently, although with 
more or less the same content. However, the 
bilingual tables IV and V in the Persian Introduction 
carrying the Sogdian alphabets with their 
transliterations and transcriptions are not to be 
overlooked by English readers. Also, to those of the 
latter with knowledge of Persian, a review of the 
Persian Introduction is recommended. 

The three parts of the Dictionary are the Lexicon, 
containing the dictionary proper, and the Persian and 
English Indices. The latter incorporate entries of 
words, key words and phrases arranged 
alphabetically, with each entry giving the sequential 
number(s) of the relevant Sogdian word(s) in the 
Lexicon. In this way, each Index serves as a useful 
instrument for studies in ethymology and derivation 
since every word in the Index usually leads the 
researcher to a number of Sogdian terms each of 
which has, in turn, certain relations with other terms 
in the neighbourhood of its alphabetic position in the 
Lexicon; thus, each word in the Index often leads to 
a "cluster" of Sogdian words. 

Beside a general sequential number, an entery in 
the Lexicon may present upto ten features (not all of 
which occur in every entry), namely: the Sogdian 
term, the script symbol, pronunciation (transcription), 
spelling variant(s), ethymological notes, grammatical 
notes, cross-references, Persian meaning, English 
meaning, and references. The arrangement and 
descriptions of the features are as follows. 



IX 



The Sogdian Term follows the entry number as a 
transliteration in bold letters and in Sogdian 
alphabetic order, which is that commonly used in 
lexicons compiled for Sogdian texts and research 
literature, viz: . 

» > c p/b c 5/d f y/g h J 
L/l m n p r s s t/8 w x y 



k/q 
z/z 



Capital letters in the transliteration denote 
ideograms. Parentheses indicate that spelling variants 
with or without the letter(s) in the parentheses are 
possible. V 

A Sogdian word terminated by a hyphen may be 
a verb stem (past or present), a noun having full 
inflection, or a monosyllabic component. Words 
beginning with a hyphen are derivation suffixes. 
Verb inflections have not been given except for the 
two irregular verbs be and become. 

In general, proper nouns have not been given 
except for the names of gods or goddesses, prophets, 
kings, heroes and certain places of historic 
significance. These are intended for inclusion in a 
separate work, times permitting. 

The Script Symbol, in capital(s), follows the word 
transliteration. It represents the script with which the 
source text of the Sogdian word was written: B for 
Buddhist, C for Christian, M for Manichean and S for 
"Sogdian" texts. (See the Introduction for more 
information on the subject). Script symbol S 
represents any text written in Sogdian script except 
the Buddist corpus and non-Buddhist excerpts within 
Buddhist texts. A Manichean text in Sogdian script is 
denoted by S(M>, a Christian text in Sogdian script is 



denoted by S(C), and texts from Ancient Letters are 
denoted by S(AL). Entries without script symbols 
denote words common to,- and spelled similarly in, all 
texts. 

The Persian Meaning faces the Sogdian word 
and its script symbol on the right. It has often been 
found necessary to give more than one Persian 
meaning, including that proposed by the author or 
those by different researchers. The aim has been to 
make such cases inclusive of all views. Sogdian loan- 
words in Persian, whether noted by other researchers 
or found or suggested by the author, are given in the 
Persian Meaning; so are the names of months, days 
and feasts from the works of Beruni, as well as 
certain grammatical notes (generally in parentheses). 

The transitive or intransitive nature of a verb 
stem is identifiable from its Persian meaning, while 
its tense (past or present) is not. As such, the tense 
should be identified from Grammatical Notes in the 
entry (see below), sine Sogdian past and present 
verb stems generally differ while their Persian 
meanings appear the same. 

The Pronunciation, in transcription, is given in 
the following line, using the phonetic alphabet 
commonly utilized in historical linguistics. It offers 
only relative accuracy due to the insufficiency in 
Sogdian scripts of symbols representing the Sogdian 
phonemes, especially the lack of symbols for short 
vowels, and the existance of prothetic vowels whose 
pronunciation at the beginning of the word or within 
the initial syllable is uncertain; it is particulary 
indefinite at times in connection with recognising the 
vowel intended and arriving at a correct 
syllabification. It is a matter of fact that the 
glossaries accompanying published Sogdian texts 
restrict themselves to giving a transliteration for 
each entry. 

In this dictionary, vowels doubtful in length are 
sometimes marked with the overstrike v denoting 
"short or long", viz: a, e, I, o, u. The indefinite, 
variable short vowel is symbolized by 3, (3) or (a). 
Since doubtful cases are numerous, the reader has 
been guarded against absolute judgment in 
pronunciation by question marks placed after certain 
transcriptions. For more information, see Phonology 
in the Introduction. 



Spelling Variants, if existant, are given in 
parentheses following the transcription. They are 
necessary for realizing a correct, logical 
pronunciation of the word. Some also serve to 
demonstrate the role of free linguistic variants. 

A spelling variant given in parentheses here 
means that it has been encountered in more than just 
one source and, moreover, that it does not occur as a 
"full" entry in the dictionary but as one cross- 
referenced to this entry. Any variant encountered in 
only one source has been given in the final, 
References part of the entry next to the variant's 
source. For spelling variants given as "full" entries, 
see Cross-References below. Also, for further 
information on variants, see the Introduction. 

Etymologic Notes, beginning with the symbol ©, 
follow the Spelling Variants. If the Sogdian word has 
a known Old Iranian root or cognate, it is generally 
given first after the derivation >vmbol <. In case the 
entry is a loan-word from San crit, Syriac, Chinese 
or languages kin to Sogdian, thv respective original 
loan-word and the lending" language are also given 
here. Occasionally, the cognates from sister 
languages such as Khotanese and Khwarazmian are 
also given, although a full list of cognates, especially 
from new sister languages, has been foregone in 
order to avoid excessive volume. An asterisk (*) 
preceding a word denotes a hypothetical or 
reconstructed form. 

Grammatical Notes, beginning with the symbol 
©, follow the Etymologic Notes. Inflectional noun 
endings as well as gender and number indicators 
come in italic transliteration. Inflectional verb 
endings have not been included except in the case of 
verbs with special features or major inflectional 
variation, e.g., to be from the two stems bav- and ah~ 
for which all the inflectional forms and modes have 
been given. Present and past stems come as separate 
entries, sometimes cross-referenced to each other 
with =». The imperfect past stem, which is in fact the 
simple past tense in Sogdian, is given under the entry 
for the present stem unless it entails a special 
structural feature, in which case it is assigned a 
separate entry. Inflectional verb forms are given only 
for verbs with special features regarding phonemic 
change. 



Cross-References, beginning with a =» sign, follow 
the Grammatical Notes. Referencing may be based 
on spelling: spelling variants with separate "full" 
entries are mutually cross-referenced. It may also be 
based on etmology, as in the case of two cognate 
words, or occasionally on semantics, as with two 
synonymous terms. Most cross-referencing, however, 
is on grammatical basis, as with the cross- 
referencing of past and present or transitive and 
intransitive stems, of masculine and feminine 
adjectives, of past and present participles, etc. 

The English Meaning comprises the next line of 
the entry. Quoted from Sogdian texts translated into 
English, French, German or Russian (some without an 



accompanying glossary), the meanings reflect 
different suggestions, although it has been attempted 
to select the meaning best corresponding with the 
Sogdian term. A question mark following a meaning 
indicates the latter's doubtful nature. 

References are given in the following line(s) for 
the source(s) of the entry, generally using biblio- 
graphic abbreviations in common use for Sogdian 
studies (see Bibliographic Abbreviations list). For 
frequently occuring terms, only the text title is 
mentioned For non-frequent terms, the number of 
the page and line or paragraph is added. For certain 
terms with full inflection, most inflectional froms are 
given together with the text title. 



a*" ,/! * > ■=<■%. 




J* 






*p 



-portal Cuffo, 




* 



Dona*« d &¥ 
IRAN 



XI 



EV:^,.-W - ty. 



INTRODUCTION 



Historical Background 

"Sogdian" is the name of one of the languages used 
in documents and other writings which were 
discovered in Central Asia around the beginning of 
this century. It can be considered as the language of 
the people of Sogdiana, from approximately the 
second to the thirteenth century AD. The language 
was spoken and written, however, in a much larger 
area. Among the Iranian languages spoken in those 
centuries on the eastern frontier of Persia, Sogdian 
was by far the iiost important as a vehicle of 
culture, literatur and commerce, its territory 
bordering on the area of Persian speech in the west 
and extending towards the walls of China in the east. 
In 1904, two years after the first German Turfan 
expedition in Centeral Asia, W. F. K. Miiller, who 
was in charge of the identification of the various 
manuscripts found by the expedition, published an 
article in APAW 1 entitled " Handschrif tenreste in 
Estrangelo-Schrift aus Turfan, II". 2 It contained the 
first Manichean fragments studied by a western 
scholar. Among them was a small piece 3 - which 
Miiller claimed to be in an unknown Iranian 
language - related to Pahlavi, though different from 
it In a note by F. C. Andreas to a later article by 
Mailer, the name Sogdian was given to the unknown 



Pahlavi dialect. In that modest way, Sogdian as a 
language became a reality 4 

Source Materials on Sogdiana 5 

Sogdiana as a country and as a nation was known, 
however, from a much earlier time. 6 The first 
mention of the name "Sogdiana" is found in the 
Achaemenid sources. The inscriptions of Darius and 



1. For details of the abb:- viations used for references in 
this Introduction, see Bibliographic Abbreviations. 

Z APAW, 1904, II, pp. 1-117. The first part of this article, 
published earlier in SPAW, 1904, pp. 348-352, contained 
small fragments of Turkish and Middle Persian written in 
the Manichean alphabet. 

3. The whole Fragment was published later by W. B. Henning, 
"A Sogdian fragment of the Manichean cosmogony", in 
BSOAS, 12, 1948, pp. 306-318. 

4. "Sogdian" had already been suggested by Pierre Lerch in 
1876 for the unknown language of the legends of the coins 
of Bukhara, in "Sur les Monnaies des Boukhdr Koudahs ou 
Princes de Boukhara avant la Conquete du Maverennahar 
par les Arabes", in Travaux de la Troisime Session du 
Cong res international des Orientalistes t SL Piter sbourg, 
1876, pp. 419-429. 

5. B. Gharib, Bulletin of the Iranian Culture Foundation 
1, 1973, pp. 67-81. 

6. For the first settlement of the Iranians in that region and 
the frequently quoted BSrnnl tradition, see Benveniste, 
5505,7,1933-1935, p. 273. 



xiii 



Xerxes frequently mention, among the satrapies, a 
province of the Persian empire called Sug(u)da. It is 
mentioned together with BUxtris (Bactria), 
UvUrazmis (Khwarazmia), and Haraiva (Areia), 
seemingly its immediate neighbors. It is mentioned 
twice in connection with the Sakas: Sakaibis tyaiy 
parasugdam, "from the Sakas who (are) beyond 
Sogdiana." In an inscription of Susa describing the 
building of the palace, Darius says, " the precious 
stone lapis-lazuli and carnelian which was wrought 
here, this was brought from Sogdiana." 7 

In the Avesta, suY5a- % is attested, designating 
both Sogdiana as a country and Sogdian as a nation 
(Yf.l0.14)9 It occurs also in the compound suYSo 
sayana - "dwelling of the Sogdians" (VdAA\ In both 
passages, suYda- is closely associated with gava-: 
gaomca suxSdm (~ and Sogdian Gava). The first 
chapter of the Vendidad gives the list of countries 
created by Ahura-Mazda, SuYda being the second i.;\ 
the list: gUum yim suYSo sayanam "(the)Gavz 
inhabited by the Sogdians." The word gava, which 
occurs also in gava-sayana, has been taken as being 
the designation of "Sogdiana" (7r.l0.15). H. W. Bailey 
takes gava as meaning "settlement" and gava-sayana 
as "dwelling in villages". 10 I. Gershevitch 11 postulates 
two meanings: a settlement, and the Settlement as a 
name of Sogdiana or part of it. Thus, Sogdiana is the 
Settlement or the land of settled dwelling par 
excellence as opposed to the northern steppes where 
life was nomadic. 

In Greek sources, ZbYSoi and ZoYSivfj are 
mentioned by Herodotus in the list of the nations 
subject to the Achaemenid kings and in the list of 
contingents in the army of Xerxes. According to 
Strabo and Ptolemy, the limits of Sogdiana are the 
Oxus in the south, and the Jaxartes in the north. One 
of the features of Sogdiana wich struck the Greek 
authors was the existence of cities. Of importance is 
the passage of Strabo (XV,2) about the language. 
According to him, the people of Areia, Bactria and 
Sogdiana undrestood each other, since their 



languages were very similar. 

In the Sassanian inscription of ShSpQr the Great, 
on the Ka % ba~yi Zardusu the name of Sogdiana is 
mentioned as one of the states of the empire 
together with Kusan, Kas and ^(Tashkent). It 
occurs in the Parthian swgd and also in the Greek 
version of the same inscription as sddikenes. 

In Pahlavi sources, Sogdiana is mentioned in 
different forms, swt(y)k, swt and swptyk. The first 
Pahlavi form, swl(y)k (sfilik), closely resembels the 
name of Sogdiana in such eastern sources as the 
Chinese su-li, the Sanskrit s(s)ulika, the Tibetan su- 
lig y and the Kharoshthi inscriptions suliga. 

The second Pahlavi form, swt (su5), is reflected in 
the Syriac sodiqaye (Sogdians), in the Chinese su-^e 
and in the Greek version of the Shapur inscription. 
The Sogdians called themselves swYdyk (Anc. Lett), 
swYSfnk (MDiiX sYwSyk (MDiii) and sYwdyWk 
(HRii, p. 70 or BSTBLl Compare also Orkhon 
Turkish soYd. 

In the seventh century a.D. , the Chinese pilgrim 
Hsiian-Tsang crossed a country which he called Su- 
IL Its size as given by the traveller, from the river 
Chou, north east of SemirechyS, to the city of Kish, 
south of Samarkand, seems to be considerably larger 
than the limits of Sogdiana proper. The word Su-li 
designated the country, its people, their language and 
its writing system. The latter, he informs us, was 
alphabetic and consisted of 22 signs; "Words are 
composed by combinations of these, producing a 
large and varied vocabulary. They have some 
literature which the common sort read together. 
Their mode of writing is handed down from one 



7. The Old Persian variants arc, s-u-gu-d, s-u-gu-u-d and 
s-u-g-d. Kent. p. 209. 

8. AiW, p. 1582. 

9. Manuscript variants are suxSom, saoxdom, sauxS&m and 
sud 9m. 

10. H. W. Bailey, TPS, 1945, p. 14; also W. B. Hennlng, AM 
2, 1951, p. 138. 

11. AtfM,p.l76. 



xiv 




»,vi«^tffc&i^^ 



master to another without interruption and is thus 
preserved." 

In Islamic sourses, Al-Soghd occurs frequently as 
the name of a country and a nation in Transoxiana. 
However, the geographic limits of the territory of 
Soghd differ from one author to another. Beruni, 
whose information on the Sogdian calendar and the 
existence of the Sogdian language is most instructive 
to Western scholars, does not mention any 
geographical boundaries for Soghd. When he 
mentions Sogdian festivals, however, he associates 
them with districts in the territory of Bukhara. 
According to Istakhri, Soghd proper comprised the 
lands east of Bukhara from Dabusiya to Samarkand; 
but he adds that others included Bukhara, Kish and 
Nesef as well. Ya'qubi includes Nesef and Kish (or 
Kash) writhin the territorial limits of Soghd. He 
mentions as its capital Samarkand in one place and 
Kish in another. According to Mahmud Kashghari, 
Soghd was the land between Bukhara and 
Samarkand. 

Political History of Sogdiana 

It seems likely that the Sogdians were a separate 
ethnic group, at least linguistically, in Achaemenid 
times. Politically, h>wever, they were probably 
subject to the great kings. The collapse of the 
Persian empire in the fourth century B.C. destroyed 
the political unity of the Iranian people. The first 
emigration of Sogdians might have taken place 
shortly after the invasion of Alexander and might 
have been caused by the sack of the city of 
Marakanda (Samarkand). - 

Sogdians in Sogdiana. Those Sogdians who remained 
in their homeland organized themselves in a small 
kingdom after the pattern of the Greek states in the 
area. Their independence was soon threatened by 
several waves of invasions either from outsiders such 
as the Yiieh-chih, who invaded Sogdiana sometime 
before 140 B.C., or from groups such as the Sakas to 



which they themselves were ethnically and 
linguistically related. 

It was during the Yiieh-chih domination, around 
130 B.c.1 2 , that a Chinese general - a special envoy 
of the emperor Wu-ti of the Han dynasty - crossed 
Central Asia and reached Transoxiana, after many 
misadventures 13 . There he became acquainted with a 

cosmopolitan civilization which showed elements of 
Iranian, Greek and Indian cultures. The nomadic 
Yiieh-chih, after having become Iranianized and 
Hellenized, had adopted the Buddhist faith. Although 
the Chinese general failed in his initial mission, 
which was to ask the help of the Yiieh-chih against 
the Hsiung-Nu, he returned home with a treasure of 
information about the western world and the rich 
cities of Transoxiana. Thus, the Han annals inform us 
that the peoples from Farghane to the frontier of 
Parthia spoke different languages, but could still 
understand each other. This might possibly be taken 
as proof that at the time, Western Turkestan was 
still by and large Iranian with regard to language. 

As a result of this mission, new prospects of 
economical, cultural and political relations were 
opened to China, who found new- markets for her 
industrial products. The door was opened for the 
Chinese silk to go westward and for Buddhism and 
Greco-Iranian art to travel East. Sir Aurel Stein 
believed that the western extension of the earlier 
Great Wall was primarily intended to protect the 
newly opened highways into Central Asia. 

There is no historical evidence about Sogdiana 
immediately after the Yiieh-chih period. It is not 
known, for example, whether the Parthians ever 
occupied it. The Kushan kings, especially the most 
powerful of them, however, extended their realm 
northward across the Oxus. One might assume that 



12. P. Pelliot, RHL, 1912, pp. 99-102 and La Haute As/e, pp. 
7-8; A S. Stein, On Ancient Central Asian Tracks, 1933, 
p. 17. 

13. J. A. Dabbs, History of the Discovery and Exploration 
of Chinese Turkestan, 1963, p. 12. 



XV 



the Kushans did control Kashgar, Sogdiana and 
Farghane valley at least under the Kanishka. From 
the era of Kanishka to the advent of the Sassanian 
dynasty (225 A.D.), the history of Sogdiana is again 
unknown. In the middle of the third century, 
Sogdiana became a province of the Sassanian empire 
under Shapur the Great, as shown by his inscription. 
It probably remained so under most of the Sassanian 
kings until the fifth century. 

Around the middle of the fifth century, the 
invasion of the Hephthalites introduced a new 
element in Transoxiana. The Sogdians were probably 
subject to them. The name Hephthalite, adopted from 
the ruling family, has been compared with the 
hypothetical Sogdian plural *Hefitalit (singular 
•Heptalak). 

In spite of the scarcity of Hephthalite coins in 
Transoxiana, there can be no doubt about 
Hephthalite rule over this region because the Islamic 
geographers referred to "the land between the two 
rivers" as Hayatilah. In the second half of the fifth 
century, the Hephthalites became a serious threat not 
only to the eastern border of the Sassanian empire 
but even to its very existence. 

A century later, around 560 ad., Xusro I, in 
coalition with the Turks, overcame the Hephthalites. 
There is no evidence, however, that he was ever 
recognized as a ruler in Transoxiana. The Oxus river 
became the border between Iran and the territories 
subject to the Turks. From that time, Sogdiana, 
together with a great part of Transoxiana, fell into 
the hands of the new masters of Central Asia. The 
Turks, a new ethnic and linguistic group, came into 
the limelight of history and formed an extensive 
nomad empire from the frontiers of China to the 
confines of Iran and Byzantium. Later they 
assimilated, little by little, the dominant Iranian 
elements of the area, among them the Sogdians, the 
Khwarazmians and the Bactrians. However, there is 
reason to believe that the big Sogdian cities, having 
attained a high urban civilization, kept a certain 



degree of independence under the Turks as they had 
done under Hephthalites. Under Turkish domination, 
the Sogdians, who handled the silk trade, successfully 
exploited the extent and power of the Turkish realm. 
The commercial interests of the Sogdians brought 
about a rupture between the Turks and the Persians 
and led to an exchange of embassies between the 
former and Byzantium. Trade with China was also 
greatly developed. The eastern gate of Samarkand 
was called the "Chinese Gate." In fact Samarkand, the 
capital of Sogdiana, became one of the most 
prosperous cities of Transoxiana and its prosperity 
lasted probably to the early Islamic era. A colorful 
description by Hsiian-Tsang, who visited the city 
around 629 a.d., agrees with the enthusiastic accounts 
of the Islamic geographers. In this connection, one 
should not forget that Sogdiana, especially the cities 
of Samarkand and Bukhara, became the birthplace of 
the literaray Persian renaissance in the ninth and 
tenth centuries. The vital part that the Sogdian 
element played is shown, for instance, by the Sogdian 
loan-words in Persian, which are found in the 
literary works of the early classical period. 

The true cultural Islamization of Transoxiana did 
not start until after the Abbasid movement, although 
earlier the Umayyads had sent military contingents 
there. The fact that Abu-Muslim was from eastern 
Iran may have accelerated the process of 
Islamization of the area. Islamic sources indicate that 
the early conquest was not without resistance. Of 
importance are the passages in Beruni concerning the 
destruction of the library and the extermination of 
non-Muslim priests in Sogdiana by Ibn Qutaiba, as 
well as-Narshakhi's account of the sack of Baikand 
(Paikand) by the same Arab general around 706 ad. 

Sogdian Colonies in China, The Sogdian emigrants 
who had set out for the east occupied the lands which 
extended between the high mountains and the 
northern steppes of Chinese Turkestan. As traders, 
they established a number of colonies along the Silk 



xvi 



Route. In fact, a "Sogdian road" from Samarkand to 
the Wall of China came into existence. 

Although the exact date of the foundation of the 
first Sogdian settlements is not known, it is likely to 
have been before 105 aix the alleged date for the 
invention of paper. 14 Our first direct information 
from Sogdian sources comes from the Ancient 
Letters, which are on paper and presumably the 
oldest Sogdian documents. The Ancient Letters 
inform us that Sogdian colonies existed in Srw } n 
(Thurwan or Tun-huang) and in Kc } n (Ku-fsang or 
Liang-chou-fu). They had special trade agents in 
China - which is referred to as cynstn or >ntry, 
"inside". These agents were especially active in such 
cities as Khumdan (Ch'ang-an) and SrY (Loyang). As 
the content of Letter no. 2 (lines 19-20) reveals, 
Tun-huang seems to have been one of their 
strongholds: "In Thurwan are one hundred noblemen 
(or freemen) from Samarkand". As Henning 
comments, "The passage indicates unexpectedly great 
strength in Sogdian colonies in China. If there were 
one hundred freemen alone in Tun-hunang - to 
whose number one has to add that of their families 
and slaves - the total Sogdian population of that 
town can have been scarcely below one thousand 
souls". These letters, which could not have been 
written later than the first half of the 4th century - 
the date given by Henning is 312-313 ad. - and 
which have been dated as early as the second half of 
the second century, show the activity of the Sogdian 
colonies inside China.* 5 

However, it should be pointed out at this point 
that the great bulk of Sogdian literature comes from 
a later time, namely from the sixth to the ninth 
centuries AX). There are reasons to believe that new 
Sogdian emigrations occurred from the fourth 
century onward. These might have been caused by 
the religious policy of the Zoroastrian priesthood 
and the Sassanian state in the second half of the 
third century AJD n when persecutions of Buddhists 
and Manicheans as well as Christians took place. The 



assumption of new Sogdian migrations can be further 
supported by the appearance of Iranian and 
Sassanian features in the art of Turfan, especially in 
the style of the Manichean paintings and in the 
architecture of cities such as Khoco, Murtuk, and 
Tuyoq. 

In the first half of the seventh century, Sogdian 
settlers established themselves to the south of the 
Lob-Nor. The Chinese evidence for the foundation 
of four towns by the Sogdians in that region was 
discussed by Pelliot 16 , who attributed the event to a 
new wave of Sogdian emigration towards the 
Chinese border. It seems posssible that this new 
expansion signalled the reopening of the trade routes 
after a period of political instability. As it appears 
from a Sogdian manuscript of Paris (P2\ the Sogdian 
colony living in Khumdan seems to have enjoyed a 
certain autonomy. The colophon of this maunscript 
mentions the place where it was written; but 
unfortunately, an indication of the year is missing. 

According to the dated colophon of a Sogdian 
manuscript of the British Museum, a Sogdian colony 
was also probably living in SrY (Loyang). The 
colophon says it was srYc'nch kndh (the city of SrY 
or Sarag)~ on the 16th year of the emperor Y } y 
} nkwyn (K c ai-yUan), in the year of the dragon, it was 
translated from >yntk y w (Indian) into SYwSyWk 
(Sogdian). Reichelt, who identified the Chinese 
emperor, established the date of the colophon as 728 



14. The name of the city of XQmdan (KhOmdSn) - y xwmt y (n) 
in Sogdian -designating Ch'ang-an (modern HsUan-fu), 
has been traced back to an old Chinese form *g } sm~ 
diang by Haloun. He came to the conclusion that 
Chinese, Sogdian or Chinese-Iranian relations existed as 
early as the fourth century EC (apud. Henning, BSOAS, 
12, 1948, p. 608). In addition, Von Le Coq has Identified 
as Sogdian colonies a number of tiny states along the 
Tarlm basin, mentioned In Chinese annals from around 
the 3rd century RC {JA, 1909, pp. 321-322). 

15. For more accurate information about Ancient Letters, see 
Sims- Williams, Encyclopaedia franica H/l, 1985. 

16. Xa Colonle Sogdienne de la Region du Lob-Nor", /A 
1916, pp. 116-123. 



xvii 



3PSK& 



^**&^i%*{*®& 



A.D. Pelliot identified SrY with the Chinese city of 
Loyang, "capitale de la Chine orientate" 17 . 

The existence of a Sogdian colony among the 
northern Turks was established by E. Pulleyblank. 18 
With information furnished by Chinese sources, he 
demonstrated that since the sixth century A.D., 
Sogdians lived in inner Mongolia where they enjoyed 
the favor of the Turkish rulers, as attested by a 
Sogdian historical document. The Bugut inscription, 
dated 580 A.D., discovered in central Mongolia in 
1956, and published in 1972, confirms his view. 
Another inscription found in Karabalgassun, dated 
9th century, displays Sogdian cultural expansion as 
far as North Mongolia. This document is evidence of 
where Sogdian emigrants reached their northernmost 
boundary, while another, the rock inscription of 
North Pakistan shows the southernmost place a 
Sogdian writing had reached. 

The materials mentioned above show the extent 
of Sogdian cultural expansion, from Samarkand to 
Khumdan, and from Karabalgassun to Northern 
Pakistan. This expansion motivated Pelliot to call 
Sogdian the lingua franca of Central Asia during the 
first millennium of the Christian era 19 The language 
was, indeed, instrumental as a medium of civilization 
between West and East of Asia. Its civilizing 
influence, on the Turks of Central Asia was felt in 
both Western and Eastern Turkestan. The Turkish 
alphabets of Central Asia were borrowed from the 
Sogdian writing systems. 20 Sogdian fell into disuse as 
a language, probably around the end of the tenth 
century, when it met the competition of Turkish in 
the East and of Persian in the West. However, it was 
still used in some smaller area until 13th century. 
The dialect, still spoken in the valley of the 
Yaghnab, a tributary of the Zarafshan river in 
Tajikestan, is believed to be the direct descendant of 
a variant of Sogdian. 

Sogdian Materials 21 

The sands of Chinese Turkestan revealed not only 



the extent of the literature of the Sogdian colonies 
but also active missionaries. With the exception of 
the Ancient Letters, the documents from Tajikestan 
and the rock inscriptions of North Pakistan, the 
Sogdian language is known to us by religious texts 
related to three great religions, Buddhism, 
Manicheism and Christianity. An important fact is 
that the representatives of these different religions 
adopted different alphabets. Thus, besides 
differences in vocabulary, there is also a variety of 
scripts. As the materials come from different 
geographical locations, one might also suspect 
dialectal differences. Despite this fact, the dialectal 
differences within the written materials are 
comparatively few. The differences are due more 
often to chronological and especially to orthographic 
habits than to the dialectology. 22 In addition, 
palaeography and linguistic analysis inform us that 
the materials belong to different times. 

In evaluating religious literature, one should 
remember its nature of translation - Buddhist from 
Chinese and Indian, Manichean from Middle Persian 
and Parthian and Christian from Syriac original. The 
complex and technical nature of these texts has put 
the translator's competence to a severe test. The 
Sogdian translators were forced, in some cases, to 
invent technical terms, in others, to stay too close to 
the idiom of the original, which led them to 
misunderstanding and misinterpretation. 23 

17. TP, 1931, pp. 459, 462. 

18. TP t 1952, pp. 317-56. 

19. La Haute Asie, p. 9; RHL, 1912, p. 105. 

20. The Sogdian so-called "SOtra" script as well as the 
Sogdian "cursive" script were used by the Uigurs. 
Turcologists refer to these two types as "Sogdian" and 
"Uigur" respectively. See A. von Gabain, Altturkische 
Grammatik, 1941, pp. 15-29; Sims-Williams, /A, 1981. 

21. B. Gharib, "Introduction," AVS y 1965, pp. 22-23. 

22. N. Sims- Williams, CLI, 1989, p. 173. 

23. For more detailed information on Sogdian literature, see 
M J. Dresden, The Cambridge History of Iran, 
volume 3(2), 1983, pp. 1221-1229. 



XVlll 



The Oldest Documents: Ancient Letters 2 * 

Historically, the earliest coins with Sogdian legends 
are probably the oldest existing documents of the 
Sogdian language. These coins date to the second 
century A.D.; some of them, the Bukhara type 25 , might 
be even older. However, the oldest documents with 
substantial linguistic significance are the Ancient 
Letters. 

These letters, which are probably the oldest 
monument of the Sogdian language, were found by 
Sir Aurel Stein during his 1907 expedition 26 in the 
western portion of the Chinese limes, in the province 
of Kan-Su. The fortified frontier wall presented 
exceptionally favorable climatological conditions for 
the preservation of antiques. While clearing a 
narrow passage within one of the ruined watch 
towers, Stein found a bundle of letters together with 
several wooden tablets. 27 The wooden tablets showed 
writing of the Han period and were dated from 3 to 
20 ax>. The eight letters on paper contained writing 
in an unknown language that Stein surmised to be of 
Iranian origin. On grounds of archaeological and 
palaeographical evidence, Stein dated the letters as 
to belong to the first half of the second century. 

In 191 1, a tentative reading by A. Cowley 28 
proved to be unsuccessful. Shortly after, R. Gauthiot 
recognized the texts to be written in Sogdian. 29 In 
1931, Reichelt deciphered, translated and published 
the letters in the second volume of his work on the 
Sogdian manuscripts in the British Museum. 30 Pelliot, 
in his review of Reichelt 31 , analyzed the content of 
Letter no. 2, the longest with 63 lines, and recognized 
in SrY the Chinese city of Loyang. He established, on 
the historical information furnished by the author of 
the letter, its date as 190 ad. In 1948, Henning, 
interpreting the Sogdian word jcwnV as Hun(s) and 
connecting it with the nomadic Hiung-nu, proposed 
to change this date to 311 AD 32 

The latest information about the Ancient Letters 
comes from F. Grenet and N. Sims-Williams in "The 
Historical Context of the Sogdian Ancient Letters" in 



Transition Periods in Iranian History, 1987; also, N. 
Sims-Williams includes a full bibliography in his 
article in Encyclopaedia Iranica 11/ 1, 1985. 

According to I. Gershevitch and N. Sims-Williams, 
Fragment 4 of the British Museum could be a 
Sogdian version of the Zoroastrian Asdm vohu prayer 
which offers "a glimpse of genuine Old Sogdian of 
Achaemenian vintage." 33 

Buddhist Materials 34 

Almost all the Buddhist texts have been found in one 
of the caves of the Thousand Buddhas, near 
Thunhuang in the Chinese province of Kan-Su. In 
1900, while restoring one of these caves, a priest 
discovered a walled up library. The library was 
assumed to have been closed in the beginning of the 
eleventh century; it had not been reopened since 35 . 
In 1907, Sir Aurel Stein visited the caves and entered 
the hidden chapel. Among thousands of tightly 
packed bundles, he discovered a number of rolls and 
Pothi manuscripts written in a script to which, later, 
the name "Sogdian" was given. A year later, P. Peliiot 

24. AVS, pp. 34-36. 

25. Some scholars think that the language of Bukhara was 
not quite identical to Sogdian. See Sims-Williams, CLI, 
1989, pp. 165-6. 

26. See Geographical Journal, 1909, pp. 33-35; Serindia, % 
1921, pp. 578-607 and 632-655. 

27. See A. Cowley, IRAS, 1911, p. 159; A. Stein, Ruins of 
Desert Cathay, 2, 1912, pp. 112-114. 

28. JRAS, 1911, pp. 159-166. 

29. JRAS, 1911, p. 497. 

30. Die Sogdischen H andschriftenreste des Britischen 
Museums, II, 1931, pp. 1-42. 

31 TP 28, 1931, p. 459. 

32. 'The Date of the Sogdian Ancient Letters 1 , BSOAS 12, 
1948, pp. 601-615. For the controversial equation of Hun 
with Hiung-nu, see O. Perttsak, CAJ, 1959, pp. 27-34 
and O. Maenchen-Helfen, CAJ, 1961, pp. 249-261. 

33. II J, 1976, pp. 75-82; CLI, 1989, 174. 

34. B. Gharib, AVS, 1965, pp. 23-28; ML J. Dresden CHI, 3, 
2, 1983 pp. 1224-5. See also note 54. 

35. A. Stein, Ruins of Desert Cathay, 2, 1912, p. 187. 



xix 



visited the library and removed most of the non- 
Chinese materials 36 . In that way, most of the Sogdian 
literature came to the Bibliotheque Nationale of Paris. 
A few of them reached the British Museum. In 1914- 
1915, a Russian expedition headed by S. Oldenburg 
revisited the cave. Among the manuscripts brought 
back to the Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg 
were three Sogdian fragments. 

Buddhism, introduced into Sogdiana from India 
probably by way of Bactria 37 , was carried in turn by 
the Sogdian missionaries into Chinese Turkestan. 38 
Although we do not possess any Buddhist document 
from Sogdiana, we know from Chinese sources that 
Buddhist monks from An (possibly Bukhara) 39 and 
iCang (possibly Samarkand) 40 were active in China. 
Pelliot noticed that many Buddhist translators 
between the second and fifth centuries AD. had 
Sogdian names On that basis, he attributed a primary 
role to the Sogdian missionaries in the diffusion of 
Buddhism into China. 

Except for one, none of the Sogdian Buddhist 
texts is dated. Their estimated dates are from the 
sixth to the eighth or ninth century. Most of them 
are believed to be translations of Chinese originals. 
One of the longest Buddhists texts, the Sutra des 
Causes et des Effets du Bien et du Mai (SCE\ was 
identified and interpreted with the help of its 
Chinese version 41 . The existence of many Chinese 
words transcribed in Sogdian, beside many Chinese 
expressions translated literally into Sogdian, induced 
Pelliot to assume the Chinese version to be the 
original. The estimated date for the Sogdian version 
is between 700-800 AD. Another Sogdian-Chinese 
bilingual, one of the first to be deciphered, the Sutra 
du Religieux ongles-longs (Dlrghanakha-Sutra, DN), 
was established to be a faithful translation of the 
Chinse original. 42 

The longest Buddhist Sogdian text is a version of 
the Vessantara JatakaiVlY*. This long tale with 
many repetitive passages has furnished the largest 
part of the lexicon of Buddhist Sogdian. With the 



exception of the above texts, E. Benveniste published 
all the Paris manuscripts recovered by Pelliot's 
mission under the title Textes Sogdiens, 1940 Paris, 
(TSP). 44 Shortly before, Benveniste had published 
most of the Paris manuscripts in facsimile in Codices 
SogdianU 1940 (Monumenta Linguarum Asiae 
Majoris, III). The latest publication on the Paris 
Sogdian collection is done by N. Sims-Williams and 
J. Hamilton in Cll 1990, Part II, Vol III, which 
includes 8 documents of Turko-Sogdians. 

F. W. K. Miiller was the first to work on the 



36. P. Pelliot, "Une Bibliotheque Medievale Retrouv6e au 
Kan-Su," Bulletin de Vtcole Frangaise de V Extreme- 
Orient, 8, 1908, pp. 501-529. 

37. A von Gabain f "Der Buddhismus in Zentralasien", 
Handbuch Oriental istik, l&£ 1961, p. 507. 

38. We have now e fences of Sogdian influence on 
Buddhism diffusion mong Turks, around 580 AD., with 
the Sogdian inscription of Bugut; see Kljastornyi and 
Livsic, Acta Orientalia Hungarica 26-1, pp. 69-102. 

39. E. G. Pulleyblank, The Background of the Rebellion of 
An Lu-Shan t 1955, pp. 10-109, fn. 20 and TP t 41, 1952, p. 
320. 

40. See R. N. Frye, HJAS 14, 1951, p. 125, fn. 31 and p. 126, 
fn. 32. 

41. P. Pelliot, "Un Bllingue Sogdien-Chinois", in Melanges 
d'Indianisme Offerts par ses Aleves a M. Sylvain 
Levi, Paris, 1911, pp. 329-331; R. Gauthiot, P. Pelliot and 
E. Benveniste, Le Sutra des Causes et des Effets, /-///, 
Paris, 1926-1928; Benveniste, TSP, p. 74 and V7, pp. 
127-134. See also the review of Reichelt in Z//, 7, 1929, 
p. 140f. The latest edition of this text, with English 
translation and notes, was by D. N. MacKenzie, The 
Sutra of the Causes and Effects of Actions, 1970. 

4Z R. Gauthiot, MSL 17, 1912, pp. 357-367 and E. 
Benveniste, TSP t pp. 74-81. See also F. Weiler 
"Bemerkungen zum Soghdischen Dlrghanakha-Sotra", 
AM 10, 1935, pp. 221-228. 

43. R. Gauthiot "Une Version Sogdienne du Vessantara 
Jataka;' J A, 1912, pp. 163-193 and 429-510. See also P. 
Tedesco, "A-propos du Vessantara Jataka" BSL 23, 1921- 
22, pp. 110-114; I. Gerschevitch, "On the Sogdian 
Vessantara Jataka„ n JRAS, 1942, pp. 97-101; E. 
Benveniste, Vessantara Jdtaka, Paris, 1946. This text was 
lately translated into Persian: B. Gharib, Ddstdn-e 
Tawallod-e BudS be Ravdyat-e Soghdi, Tehran, Nashr- 
e-Avlshan, 199Z 

44. See the important review by W. B. Henning, BSOAS 11, 
1946, pp. 713-7401 



XX 



Buddhist texts recovered by Sir Aurel Stein: "Reste 
einer Soghdischen Ubersetzung des Padmacintamani- 
Dharani-Satra" (Padm.) 4 *. This was followed by H. 
Reichelt, Die Soghdischen Handschriftenreste des 
Britischen Museums, (I-II, 1928-1931. HRi, HRii)* 6 
The first volume contains exclusively Buddhist texts, 
such as Vimalakirtinrdesa-Sutra (Vim.)* 7 and the 
Dhuta (Dhu.) and Dhyana (Dhy.) texts'^. Beside the 
Ancient Letters £ n d other documents, the second 
volume contains two more Buddhist texts, the 
Vajracchedika (Vaj.)*9 and "Rauschtrank- 
Hilfsmittel-Sutra" (Intox.). E. Benveniste wrote a 
series of notes to the texts of the British Museum. 50 
After him, N. Sims-Williams published some smaller 
new texts of this collection (///, 1976). 

In 1976, D. N. Mackenzie published The Buddhist 
Sogdian Texts of The British Library (BSTBL) in 
Acta Iranica 10. This includes six of the largest texts 
of the Buddhist collection, namely, Vim^ Intox., Vaj^ 
Padm., Dhu^ Dhy^ together with the English 
translations, Notes, glossary, a Chinese-Sanskrit- 
Sogdian compilation of the Buddhist terminology and 
photographs of the facsimiles. 

The Buddhist texts of the German Turfan 
collection were published by F. W.K. Miiller and 
W .entz, Soghdische Texte //, (SPAW, 1934, pp. 504- 
60V). The publication contains both Buddhist and 
Christian texts. 

The few fragments which were taken to 
Leningrad (St. Petersburg) in Russia were published 
by F. Rosenberg, "Deux Fragments Sogdian- 
Bouddhiques du Ts'ien-fo-tong de Touen-houang" in 
two parts; I: "Fragment d'un Conte" (abbreviated 
01)51 and II: "Fragment d'un Sutra" (abbreviated 
02)52 followed by "Un Fragment Soghdien 
Bouddhique du Mus6e Asiatique" (abbreviated 03) 53 . 

The latest publication on the Russian collection 
is done by A. N. Ragoza, "Sogdijskie Fragmenty 
Central no Asiatiskogo Sobranija Instituta 
Vostokvedenija, Moscow 1980, reviewed by N. Sims- 
Wiliiams, "The Sogdian Fragment of Leningrad", 



BSOAS, 1981, refered to in this study as Fragments 
of Leningrad (Frag, LenX This was followed by two 
other articles by the same authors in 1990 and 1991, 
"The Sogdian Fragments of Leningrad II", Bulletin of 
the Asia Institute, New Series, vol. 4, 1990, pp. 281- 
288; "The Sogdian Fragments of Leningrad III, 
Fragments of the Xwastwanift", Manichaica Selecta 
(Manichean Studies), 1991. pp. 323-328. 

To the Buddhist materials one should add some 
smaller texts from Mannerheim collection of Finland, 
published by N. Sims-Williams and Harry Halen, 
Helsinki, 1980 and three Buddhist Sutras published 
by W. Sundermann and K. Kudara, AoF, 1987, pp. 
334-349 and AoF, 1988, pp. 174-181. 

The latest information about Buddhist Sogdian 
studies is given by David A. Utz, Tokyo 1980.54 His 
survey covers the Buddhist Sogdian materials 
discovered by A. Stein (1907-1933), P. Pelliot (1910) 
and S. Oldenburg (1918) 55 near the oasis of Tun- 
huang, and those by A. Griinwedel and A. von Le Coq 
in the Turfan depression. 56 

45. SPAW, 1926, pp. 2-8. 

46. See the reviews by E. Benveniste, J A 1929, pp. 188-192 
and F. Rosenberg, OLZ, 1929, pp. 194 ff. 

47. F. Weller, AM, 10, 1935, pp. 314-367 and Abhandlungen 
fur ( e Kunde des Morgenlandes, 22, 6, 1937. 

48. F. We'ler, Monuments Serica 2, 1937, pp. 341-404 and 
3, 1938, pp. 78-129; also E. Benveniste, "Notes ii^JA, 
1933, pp. 193-248. 

49. F. Weller, Acta Orientatia 14, 1935, pp. 12-46. 

50. "Notes i", JRAS y 1933, pp. 29-68; "Notes i\\ J A, 1933, pp. 
193-248, and "Notes iv", BSOS, 9, 1938, pp. 459-502. 

51. /zv. 12, 1918, pp. 817-842. 

52. fzv. 14, 1920, pp. 399-420 and 455-474. 

53. Izv. 21, 1927, pp. 1375-1398. 

54. "A Survey of Buddhist Sogdian Studies", Bibliographia 
Philologjca Buddhica, series minor, III. Tokyo, 1980. 

55. It docs not cover Buddhist Fragments of Leningrad 
published by Ragoza. 

56. Utz studied himself a Buddhist text, A Sogdian Version 
of Mahay ana MabdparinirvdnasQtra in the German 
Turfan Collection, unpublished Ph. D. Thesis, Harvard 
University, 1976. Unfortunately, I have not had access to 
this study until now. 



xxi 



Manichean Materials 51 

Manichean materials were discovered in the oasis of 
Turfan, in the Chinese province of Sin-Kiang, by 
four German expeditions sent out in the first decades 
of the 20th century by the Museum fur Volkerkunde 
Berlin 58 . Sogdian materials, together with Middle 
Persian, Parthian and Turkish texts, were found 
especially in the ruins of the old city of Khoco. 
Other Sogdian materials were discovered in Yar- 
Khoto, a ruined city about 12 miles from the modern 
town of Turfan 5 ^ and in a half destroyed library 
which was discovered in a ruined temple at the head 
of the valley of Tuyoq. 60 This library contained 
Manichean, Buddhist and Christian manuscripts 
together with Chinese scrolls which were dated 
between the eighth and ninth centuries A.D. 

In this connection, it should be recalled that 
between she seventh and tenth centuries, an 
expansion of Manicheism into Central Asia took 
place. 61 As a result, a considerable amount of 
Manichean literature was produced in that area. In 
this production and in the transmission of the 
Manichean faith, the Sogdian colonies were 
instrumental. Sogdian missionaries or, rather, 
^vlucated Manichean missionaries and scholars 
translated the original Middle Persian and Parthian 
texts into Sogdian. These were in turn translated 
from Sogdian into Uigur Turkish for the benefit of 
the Turks. The Uigurs probably adopted Mani's 
religion sometime around the end of the eighth 
century. The faith also gained followers in Mongolia 
a century later when an Uigur Khan adopted 
Manicheism as his national faith. 62 With the 
conversion of the Uigurs, the Sogdians found strong 
supporters for their cause. Chinese and Muslim 
sources inform us that Uigur Khans would even 
intervene in China or among Muslim rulers in order 
to defend the Manichean interests. 63 

Except for the inscription of Karabalgasun found 
in northern Mongolia, Manichean materials have 
been found in the Chinese region of Turfan. Most of 



them are, presumably, Sogdian translations of Mani's 
teachings from Middle Persian and Parthian 
originals. The decipherment and reading of these 
texts were made possible with the help of either 
these Middle Persian and Parthian originals or 
parallel Manichean texts written in other languages 
such as Uigur, Coptic, Chinese and Syriac. Most of 
them are written in the special alphabet invented by 
Mani; a few are written in the "Sogdian" alphabet. In 
Henning's opinion, the Manichean materials give a 
better idea of the structure and syntax of the 
language than the Buddhist or Christian. 64 This is 
partly attributed to the fact that the Manichean 
missionaries were better educated than their 
Buddhist or Christian counterparts. It was also easier 
for them to translate from Middle Persian or 
Parthian -languages closely related to Sogdian-than 
from Indian, Ch/nese or Syriac. languages of the 
originals from which those counterparts often had 
to work. Unfortunately, because of the fragmentary 
nature of most of the Manichean texts, their 



57. B. Gharib, "Introduction," AVS y 1965, pp. 28-31; M. J. 
Dresden, CHI, 19S3, 3, 2 pp. 1224-25. 

58. See the detailed accounts by von Le Coq, Art and 
Archaeology!!, 1926, pp. 176-188, and JR AS, 1909, pp. 
299-322; also M. Boyce, A Catalogue of the Iranian 
Manuscripts in Manichean Script in the German 
Turfan Collection, 1960, pp. xviiuxx. 

59. von Le Coq, if? AS, 1909, p. 319. 

60. von Le Coq, Auf Hellas Spuren in Ost -Turkestan, 1926; 
English translation, Buried Treasures of Chinese 
Turkestan, 1928, pp. 56-61. 

61. See, for instance, G. Widengren, Mani und der 
M anichaismus, 1961, pp. 132-135; A. Adam, Handbuch 
der * Orientalistik, 1.85, 1961, pp. 118-119; W. 
Sundermann, AoF 13, 1986, 239-317. 

62. P. Alfaric, RHL, New Series. 1913, p. 370; see also pp. 
20-21 above. 

63. V. V. Barthold, Histoire des Turcs d'Asie Centrale, 1945, 
p. 39. As for the introduction of Manicheism or "the 
teaching of the Buddha of Light" into China, see 
Chavannes-Pelliot, Traite Manicheen, 1913, p. 150 and 
Henning-Haloun, AM, 1952, p. 188. 



64. BSOAS, 11, 1943-1946, p. 465. 



xxa 



publication came later than those of the Buddhist 
and Christian texts. Ironically, Manichean Sogdian 
was the first dialect to become known. F. W. K. 
Muller published a Sogdian fragment as early as 
1904. More than twenty years elapsed before E. 
Waldschmidt and W. Lentz published more texts in 
"Die Stellung Jesu in Manichaismus" 65 (abbreviated; 
W-Li\ and in "Manichaische Dogmatik aus 
Chinesischen und Iranischen Texten" 66 (abbreviated: 
W-Lii). 61 W. B. Henning published other Manichean 
texts in Ein Manichaisches Bet - und Beichtbuch 
(APAW, 1936) (abbreviated: BBB) related to prayer 
and confessions. 

W. B. Henning also published a number of shorter 
texts, the most important being: Sogdica, 1940; "The 
Book of the Giants" in BSOAS 11, 1945, pp. 52-74; 
"The Murder of the Magi" in JRAS 1994, pp. 133-1.44; 
"Sogdian Tales" in BSOAS 11, 1945, pp. 465-487; "The 
Manichean Fasts" in JRAS 1945, pp. 146-164; "A 
Sogdian Fragment of the Manichean Cosmogony" in 
BSOAS 12, 1948, pp. 306-318. 

Since 1970, W. Sundermann published many other 
Manichean texts mainly related to church history, 
Mittelranische Manichaische Texte Kirchen- 
geschichtlichen Inhalts, 1981 (KG\ and texts related 
to parables, Ein Manichdisch-Soghdisches 
PatabelbucK 1985 (MSP). These texts, translated into 
German with glossary, notes and appendices, arc 
mainly written in Sogdian script. Sundermann wrote 
other articles dealing with Manichean materials, 
including, among others, the problem of Manichean 
letters, "Problem der Interpretation Manichaisch- 
Soghdischer Brief e" in Acta Antiqua Hungaricat 
XXV 11 F, 1984, pp. 289-316. 

It is worthy to mention, as a sample of Sogdian 
versification, two pieces published by Mackenzie in 
Acta Iranica, 1985, pp. 421-428. It is a Sogdian 
translation of two Parthian hymn cycles of 
Hwydgrrtn fragments. Each canto has 30 lines, some 
partly reconstructed. W. Sundermann published, in 
1990, "The Manichean Hymn Cycles Huyadagman 



and Angad Rdsnan in Parthian and Sogdian" C//, 
Supplementary Series, Vol II, London, 1990. 

Christian Materials 68 

Christian materials were discovered in the Turfan 
area of Chinese Turkestan, in a ruined library of a 
Nestorian church, by the same German expeditions 
that found the Manichean texts. They reflect the 
spread of the Nestorian-Christian faith through 
Central Asia. 69 Nestorian communities were 
established along the same trade roads that led both 
Buddhists and Manicheans eastwards. 70 It should be 
pointed out that the Nestorians, considered as 
heretical Christians by Byzantium, were officially 
recognized in Iran by the late Sassanians. Eventually, 
the Persian Church became a sort of national church 
over which the bishop of Ctesiphon held power and 
the Nestorians occupied a favoured place among the 
non-Zoroastrian subjects of the Sassanian kings. 
Therefore, Sassanian cultural influence over 
Sogdiana offered a favorable climate for the 
diffusion of Nestorianism outside the borders of the 
empire. Evidence of Nestorian presence in the eighth 
century is provided by a Sino-Syriac inscription 
dated 781 ajd. 71 It is also known that a Nestorian 
monastery existed south of Samarkand, where a 
Christian inscription in the Syriac language and 



65. APAW f 1926, pp. 1-131. 

66. SPAW, 1933, pp. 480-607. 

67. A glossary of the Sogdian words in these two texts was 
compiled by G. Gropp. See Frye, Neue Methodologie in 
der Iranistik, 1974, pp. 35.44, 

68. B. Gharib, AVS, 1965, pp. 31-34 ; M. J. Dresden, CHI 3, 
2, pp. 1225-6. 

69. The first emigration took place under the early 
Sassanians, especially under the harsh policy of Shapur 
II who pursued Christians mostly for political reasons. 
But conditions changed after the breach of Nestorians. 

70. The Nestorian religion was regarded as an acceptable 
doctrine in China since 638 AX>^ See JA. Dabbs, 
History of the Discovery of Central Asia, 1963, p. 14. 

71. P. Pelliot, TP, 15, 1914, p. 624. 



xxni 



writing, dating from the 10th century, has come to 
lights 

The generally assumed date for the Sogdian 

Christian texts is between the ninth and the tenth 

centuries though some are presumably of a later 

date. 7 3 F.W.K. Muller was again the first to study the 

Christian texts, the reading of which was made 

possible by the identification of the Syriac parallel 

versions. In 1907, the first Sogdian fragment written 

in Syriac script was made known by him. 74 In 1912, 

Muller published "Soghische Texte I" (abbreviated 

STi), a collection of Sogdian translations of New 

Testament Fragments. 75 In 1934, Muller, together 

with W. Lentz, published "Soghdische Texte II" 

(SPAW) - abbreviated STii - which, besides 

Buddhist texts, contains six fragments of Christian 

tales 76 O Hansen published "Berliner Soghdische 

Texte 1" (/PAW) - abbreviated BSTi - a Sogdian 

version of the St. George Passion, in 1941 77 and 

"Berliner Sogdische Texte 11" (Akademie der 

Wissenschaften and Literatur, n, 15 ) in 1955 78 . For 

the latest work on Christian Sogdian, especially the 

latter work by Hansen (abbreviated BSTii), one 

should mention M. Schwartz, Studies in the Texts of 

Sogdian Christian (Berkeley dissertation, 1967), who 

includes some other texts - a part of the Book of 

Psalms. Later, N. Sims- Williams in Christian Sogdian 

Manuscript C2 t 1985 (abbreviated C2), translated, the 

texts BSTii into English, together with some Syriac 

originals, glossary and substantial notes. He also 

published the photos of the facsimiles. 

W. Sundermann, who reviewed Miiller's STU 
published also some new Christian materials in AoFi 
1974, AoFiii 1975, AoFviiii 1981, and Acta Iranica 
1981. 

Documents and Inscriptions 

79 

Documents from Tajikestan: Mug Documents. * Except 
for the old coins and the so-called Bukhar 
Khud&t coins, most Sogdian materials found in 
Sogdiana have been discovered and deciphered by 



Soviet scholars and published in Russian. The 
excavations, started in 1933 in the republic of 
Tajikestan, shed light not only on Sogdian, but also 
on its sister language, the less known Khwarezmian. 

The first report of an accidental discovery of a 
Sogdian manuscript in Tajikestan reached Leningrad 
in 1933. Shortly after, excavations took place in the 
ruins of a castle on Mount Mug in Northern 
Tajikestan near the village of Khairabad, 120 km. 
East of Samarkand, on the left bank of the Zarafshan 
river. 80 Over 76 documents were found, written on 
paper, silk, skin and wood. Most of them were in the 
Sogdian cursive script, three in Chinese, one in 
Arabic and one in Runic characters. The 
decipherment of the Arabic document, which proved 
to be the oldest from Central Asia,8i helped to 
identify the proper name dyw>styc (Divastic or 
Devastic) of a Sogdian feudal lord to whose archives 
most of the documents once belonged. 8 * The archives 

7Z V. V. Barthold, Four Studies on the History of Central 
Asia, 1, 1956, p. 16, and Turkestan, p. 94. 

73. E. Benvcnistc, I A 1959, p. 116. 

74. "Neutestamentliche BruchstCicke in Soghdischcr 
Sprache", SPAW* pp. 260-269. Sec also C. Salemann, 
"Manichfiica H", in /zv„ 1907, pp. 531-558. He published 
Miiller's texts in Hebrew transliteration. 

75. APAW, 191Z See C. Salemann, "Manichaica V", in /zv, 
1913, pp. 1125-1144, in which the first grammatical 
sketch of the language was given. 

76. See E. Benvenlste's remarks in "Notes iii," J A 1936, pp. 
207-235, and J A, 1951, pp. 116.119; also, S. Telcgdi, J A 
1938, p, 218. 

77. E. Bcnveniste, "Fragments des Actes de Saint-Georges 
en Version Sogdtenne," J A 1943-1945, pp. 91-116 See 
also L Gershevitch, "On the Sogdian St George Passion," 
IRAS, 1946, pp. 179-184 

78. See E. Benveni&te, "£tudes sur quelques Textes Sogdiens 
Chretiens I", in J A 1955, pp. 297-337, and II in J A 
1959, pp. 115-136; also ///, 1959, pp. 132-136; BSL 52, 
1956, pp. 33-49; and BSL 53, 1957-58, pp. 65-70. 

79. B, Gharib, "Introduction", AVS, 1965, pp. 36-39; M J. 
Dresden, CHI, 1983, 3, 2, pp. 1227-29. 

8a A. A. Freiman, Sogdiskij Sbornik, 1934, pp. 7-17, and 
R. N. Frye, ///AS, 1951, pp. 105-129. 

81. V. A. Krackovskij, Sogdiskij Sbornik, 1934, pp. 52-901 

82 . For details see R. N. Frye, HI AS, 14, 1951, pp. 108-118. 



xxiv 



contained the business correspondence of DSvastiS, 
who is frequently called "the king of Sugd, the ruler 
of Samarkand." The documents bore dates of the 
year, month and day of his rule and proved to be of 
great importance for the reconstruction of the 
Sogdian calendar. 83 They date from the 8th century 
AD. and are called, after the name of the fortress 
they were discovered, the Mug Documents. The 
destruction of the fortress, where D£vasti£ took 
refuge, followed his capture and death. -He had 
probably succeeded to hide his archives before 
surrendering to Arabs. Twelve centuries later they 
came out of their hidden place to become the 
subject of Sogdian studies. The study of these 
documents, initiated by A. A. Freiman, was achieved 
by three other Russian scholars. The most important 
publications dealing with the material of these 
excavations are by V. A. Liv§ic, M. N. Bogoljubov 
and O. I. Smirnova: Sogdijskie Dokumenty s Gory 
Mug. II and ///, 1961-63 (abbreviated: MDii and 
MDiii). They contain (1) legal and judiciary 
documents** and (2) business and administrative 
materials 85 which not only shed light on the political 
situation of Sogdiana at the time of the Arab 
conquest at the beginning of the eighth century ad„ 
but lso furnish useful information on the economic 
and adiminstrative conditions of Sogdian cities and 
their relations with one another. 86 Besides, they 
reveal as many as fifty place names, some of which 
are still used as contemporary local names 87 The 
Mug Documents were published in facsimiles in 
Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum, Moscow, 1968. 

Other Secular Documents. In 1938, excavations at Tall- 
i Barzu, 6 km. southeast of Samarkand, brought to 
light not only coins belonging to trYwn and Twr*k 9 
presumably two rulers of Sogdiana in the early 
Islamic era, but also other Sogdian documents. During 
an expedition of 1946, led by A, Yu. Yakubovskij, 
the ruins of the old city of Pyandiikent (PanjikantX 
*n Tajikestan, were identified. Later, during 



excavations which took place between 1949 and 
1956, more than 1,000 coins were found in the ruins 
of the fortified walls which surrounded the city. 

The best publication on the coins is, O. I. 
Smirnova, Katalog Monet s Gorodisia Pendiikent, 
1963, where she tries to reconstruct the history of 
Sogdiana of the seventh and the eighth centuries 
with the help of the coins and the documents 88 . 

Since 1930, many other excavations in Tajikestan 
and Uzbakestan have brought to light documents of 
extreme importance from the point of view of art 
history. Archaeological discoveries in old 
Transoxiana display stylistic links with traditions of 
Parthian and Sassanian art, while showing distinctive 
differences. The secular feature of the folk art is 
mainely illustrated in a series of narrative wall- 
paintings that have been found in several Sogdian 
towns. Some of these wall-paintings carry 
inscriptions. The longest, of 16 lines, was uncovered 
in Afrasiyab site near Samarkand. A number of 
ostraca were found at the same place and at 
Varakhsh near Bukhara, and also at Panjikant, the 
latter containing the Sogdian alphabet in Aramaic 
alphabetic order in 6 lines. The oldest ostraca, 
dating 4th century AD., is from Varakhsh. 89 Two 



83. A A Freiman "Datirovannye Sogdijskie Dokumenty s 
Gory Mug Tajikistane", in T/V, 1936, 17, pp. 137-165, 
VDI % 1939, 4(9), p. 125. Also W. B. Henning "Zum 
Soghdischen (Calender", Orient alt a 8, 1939, pp. 87-95. 

84. Juridiceskie Dokumenty i Pis' ma, Moscow 1961 
(Abbreviated: MDii). 



85. Xozjajstvennye Dokumenty, 
(Abbreviated: MDiiil 



Moscow 



1961 



86. On these documents, important articles are: R. N. Frye, 
HJAS 14, 1951, 108-118; L Gershevitch, The Sogdian 
Word for advice and some Mug Documents", CAJ 1962, 
77-95; "Sogdian on a Frog Plain," M flanges Benvenlste, 
19751 

87. See O. L Smirnova in Transactions of the 25th 
International Congress of Orientalists, 2, 196ft pp. 
329-337. 

88. See especially pp. 22-35, where a list of the rulers, their 
titles and their dates is given. 

89. Shishkin, Varakbsa, Moscow, 1963. 



xxv 



potsherds with Sogdian inscriptions were found in 
the excavations of Giaur Kala, a mount in the oasis 
of Merv, in Turkemenestan. Merv is actually the 
most western place where a piece of Sogdian writing 
was found. It is not known whether these pots were 
brought to Merv by traders or made in Merv by 
colonists. One should add that other Sogdian 
inscriptions have been found as far as Semireshye in 
modern Kirgizestan. 90 

INSCRIPTIONS OF MONGOLIA . A trilingual 
inscription discovered in Karabalgasun, North 
Mongolia, was dated by MuTler as belonging to the 
ninth century. 91 It is written in Uigur Turkish, 
Chinese and Sogdian. Its content matter is Manichean 
since it belongs to the reign of the Uigur Khan (808- 
821) who had adopted the Manichean faith as the 
national r* ugion. The Sogdian inscription proves that 
Sogdian w s used as far north as Karabalgasun in 
northern Mongolia and was still in use in the ninth 
century AD. 

Another inscription written three centuries 
earlier around 580, found in Bugut, central Mongolia, 
has been lately noticed. It is bilingual (Sogdian- 
Sanskrit), belonging to the first dynasty of Khaghan 
Turks. The inscription displays the inclination of the 
Uigurs to Buddhism. 92 

In 1948, a short bilingual inscription was found in 
Southern Mongolia (Sevrey). 93 It was in Sogdian and 
Runic Turkish. The Sogdian text consists only of 
seven incomplete lines, mentions an Uigur Khaghan, 
and dates approximately to 759. 

INSCRIPTIONS OF LADAKH.These were found in 
1925 in Ladakh at the western border of Tibet and 
northern India. 94 They were 14. The first two were 
deciphered by F. W. K Miiller who identified them 
as Christian because they carried a large design of 
the Nestorian Christian cross. 95 The longest 
commemorates the passing of a messenger from 
Samarkand to the Khaghan of Tibet. The latest 
publication on these inscriptions is by Sims- Williams, 
in Antiquities of Northern Pakistan, Vol. 2, 1993. The 



date 210 on the inscription is calculated as 825/6. ad. 

INSCRIPTIONS of NORTHERN PAKISTAN. The 
German expedition in North Pakistan discovered, 
from 1987 to 1988, more than 600 Middle Iranian 
rock inscriptions. This was made possible by the 
completion of Karakorum Highway which joins 
China to Pakistan via the valleys of Indus. Two of 
these inscriptions are Parthian, two Middle Persian, 
ten Bactrian and the rest Sogdian. Most of the 
Sogdian inscriptions (about 590) were found near 
Shatial village. Their Sogdian script is closer to that 
of the Ancient Letters than of the Mug Documents. 
They are dated approximately to the fifth century 
A£>. A preliminary edition covering one third of the 
Iranian inscriptions was published by H. Humbach 
who worked solely on photographs. 96 

In 1985, N. Sims-Williams joined the Pakistan- 
German team in Chilas in order to catalogue and 
work on the Iranian inscriptions. His preliminary 
report was published in Antiquities of Northern 
Pakistan, Vol. 1, 1989, and his major work by the 
Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum (CII): "Sogdian and 
Other Iranian Inscriptions of the Upper Indus", Vol 
1, 1989 and Vol. 2, 1992. The first volume contains 



90. V. A. Livsic, Sogdijcy v Semirec'e, Moscow, 1981 apud. 
Sims- Williams, CLI, 1989, 174 n 10. 

91. The inscription was discovered by the first Russian 
mission to Central Asia. See Mailer, SPAW, 1909, p. 726; 
also O. Hansen, Journal de la Soceie Finno- 
Ougrienne, 44, 1930, pp. 3-39. 

92. S. G. Kljastornyi, V. A. Livsic, "Sogdian Inscription of 
Bugut Revised", AoH 26, 1972, 69-102. 

93. S. G. Kljastomyi, V. A. Livsic, "Une Inscription IneMite 
Turque et Sogdienne: la StSle de Severy (Gobi 
Meridional)", J A 1971, pp. 11-20. 

94. First noticed in 1906 by a British missionary. 

95. SPAW, 1925, pp. 371-372. See also Benveniste, BSOS 9, 
1937-1939, pp. 502-505, who proposed more accurate 
readings in a number of cases; also Henning, 
Mitteliranisch, 1985, p. H Livsic, AoH, 1972, 83 nlZ 

96. H. Humbach, "Die Sogdischen Inschriften Funde vom 
Oberen Indus (Pakistan)", in Allgemeine und 
Vergleichende Archaologie, Be it rage des Deutschen 
Archaologischen Instituts, 1980, 2, 201-228. 



XXVI 



reading and photographs of Shatial 1, Rocks 1-39. 
The second volume contains the remaining texts, as 
well as commentary to the whole corpus presented in 
the form of a glossary. 

The rock inscriptions are very short, generally 
consisting of personal names of the writers who 
came to visit the sacred rocks. The writer generally 
gives his father's name, and occasionally his 
grandfather's. The longest inscription, of 23 words, 
gives the date of the writer's visit to the sacred 
place and his wish to return safely home. 

Such a great number of inscriptions provides a 
rich collection of Sogdian personal names in addition 
to patronymics. Some inscriptions contain Parthian, 
Middle Persian, Bactrian and Sanskrit names. 

For other non-religious documents (many 
containing Turkish elements) 97 which were found in 
Tunhuang and are now preserved in Paris and 
London collections, see Buddhist materials. The most 
interesting texts of non-religious nature are 
Fragment 13 of Paris (abbreviated: Rust.) which 
narrates the battle of Rustam with Dives (P13>, 
Fragment 3 which displays the hidden power of nine 
especial stones with which a magician can cause 
raining - a "Shamanist rain-maker handbook"; a 
short medical fragment with prescriptions for 
emetks, purgatives and aphrodisiacs; and a short text 
of astrology. 98 

The Scripts and Their Interpretation 

Apart from a single fragment in Brahmi script, the 
Sogdian texts are written in three different scripts. 
One is the proper "Sogdian" script, in which are 
written all the Buddhist texts" as well as all the 
secular materials such as letters, legends on coins, 
legal documents, and inscriptions. Some Manichean 
and a few Christian texts are also written in this 
script. The Manichean materials are mostly written 
in a modified form of Palmyrenian (called 
Manichean) and the Christian materials in Estrangelo 
Syriac.1 00 



All three are based on the Semitic writing system 
and have some common features. They are, therefore, 
defective in rendering the vocalism. This results in 
certain difficulties when it comes to distinguishing 
the vowels. Of the three scripts, the "Sogdian" is the 
most defective. It docs not distinguish the voiceless 
spirants from their voiced counterparts. In other 
words. ///, 10/ and Ixl are written like //?/, 181 and 
lYl respectively. Some texts, however, distinguish Ixl 
from /Y/ y especially in initial and final positions, and 
some rare texts in all positions. In most texts, the 
voiced sibilants Izl and III are not differentiated. 
The Manichean script, on the other hand, is the most 
elaborate. 101 It may have been invented by Mani 
himself around 250 AD. It is sufficiently rich in 
writing symbols to render the majority of the 
consonants including allophones. For one thing, it 
distinguishes the voiced stops from the voiceless 102 , 
and the voiced spirants from the voiceless, except 
for 181 and 101, both of which it renders by the same 
symbol. Unfortunately, the Manichean scribes 



97. N. Sims- Williams,- J. Hamilton, Documents Turco- 
Sogdiens du IX e -X € Siicle de Touen-houang; Clh 2/3, 
1990. 

98. E. Benvc">iste, Textes Sogdiens, pp. 134-6; pp. 59-73; 150 
156. 

99. The general abbreviation B is used for the Buddhist 
texts written in Sogdian script as well as for some non- 
Buddhist texts written in this script and published in 
the corpus of Buddhist texts. The abbreviation S is used 
for secular materials, published seperatly, including 
non-religious letters, documents and inscriptions, as 
well as for some Manichean and Christian texts written 
in Sogdian script. 

100. The abbreviation M is used for the texts written in 
Manichean script and C for the Christian texts written 
in Syriac. 

101. This script is used not only for Sogdian, but also for 
Middle Persian, Parthian, Turkish, and even classical 
Persian. 

102. Voiced stops are generally analysed as allophonic 
variants. Of the three scripts, M is the only one which 
distinguishes them. This might be because the 
Manichean script was first adapted to Middle Persian, 
a language which distinguished the voiced and 
voiceless stops phonemically. 



XXVll 



are not always consistent in the orthography they 
employ. The Syriac script, used in most Christian 
materials, distinguishes all the voiceless sprirants, 
including /0/, from the voiced. However, the voiced 
stops are not differentiated from the voiced spirants, 
except in the case of lYl and [g] . 

Sogdian Script 

The "Sogdian" script is indirectly derived from a 
north Semitic type of writing that was closely 
related to the Aramaic script, especially that used in 
the papyri. 103 The Aramaic script introduced into 
Sogdiana, as into other provinces of the empire 
under theAchaemenians,was probably adapted to the 
Sogdian language in the late Parthian period. A 
feature of the "Sogdian" script is that it shows a 
numbe of varieties, probably due to the fact that it 
had be n used from an earlier time than either the 
Manich^an or the Christian scripts. This long 
standing, in turn, is the cause of the many historical 
and pseudo-historical spellings, which are 
particularly noticeable in the Buddhist texts. The 
date of the adaptation of the Aramaic writing system 
to the Sogdian language must have been somewhat 
earlier than the second half of the second century 
AD., the date to which the first specimens of the 
"Sogdian" script can be assigned. The order of the 
Sogdian alphabet is known from an ostracon 
discovered at Panjikant in 1965 and published by 
Livsicl 04 . The alphabet consists of the 22 letters in 
the traditional Aramaic order (although four letters 
were not used as phonetic symbols.) An extra lamed 
at the end was a matter of discussion. According to 
LivSic, the repetition of lamed may be due to the 
fact that this letter represents two distinct phonemes, 
161 and 101. Sims- Williams, however, suggests that 
the extra lamed is representing /// in foreign 
words. 105 

The development of the Sogdian writing symbols, 
beginning with the legends of the old coins which 
resemble Aramaic, to the cursive Sogdian (sometimes 



called "Uigur"), is not completely clear, in the 
documents discovered in Chinese Turkestan, as in 
Sogdiana, three main varieties can be distinguished: 
(1) the script used in the Ancient Letters which is an 
archaic, non-cursive type, called "Early Sogdian" by 
Stein and Gauthiot; (2) the script used in the 
Buddhist texts, referred to as the Sutra script, a 
calligraphic handwriting developed around 500 
century a.D^ (3) a cursive script, called (wrongly) 
"Uigur," attested in inscriptional and documentary 
materials as well as, in rare cases, in Manichean 
writings of the eighth, ninth and tenth centuries. The 
third variant is very much like the cursive of the 
coins of Sogdiana, and it may have been fixed in its 
final form around 600 century ad. Sogdian scribes, in 
the most elaborate type of the scripts - the second - 
resolved the ambiguities with sporadic addition of 
diacritic points, thus distinguishing fzf from Izl and 
I pi from /// in rare instances. One of the ambiguities 
for the decipherment is the similarity of written 
symbols especially in junctures. It is always difficult 
to distinguish z from n, r from \ x from Y and d 
from r. The confusion is more conspicuous in the 
cursive type where * is written similarly to z or n, *n 
to n\ s to s and y to r or fi. 

Another feature of the "Sogdian" script is the 
occurrence of Aramaic ideograms. These, however, 
are much less numerous than in the Pahlavi writing 
system, being restricted to pronouns, articles, 
prepositions, conjunctions, and various particles and 
common nouns more conspicuous in documentary 
materials and coins. Contrary to the Pahlavi 
tradition, verbal forms in ideogram are very rare, 
which might be due to the existance of the imperfect 
in Sogdian. 



103. Gauthiot, J A, 1911, pp. 83-87. 

104. V. A Livsic, "A Sogdian Alphabet from Panjikant", 
HMV t 1970, pp. 256-263. 



105. /A, 1981, p. 349. 



xxviii 



Manichean Script 

The Manichean orthography is influenced by the 
conventions of both Sogdian and Manichean variants 
of Middle Persian and Parthian. The addition of the 
special letters fi and 6 (borrowed from Sogdian 
script) and Y t allows b, d and g, (originally adapted 
to Middle Western Iranian language) to represent 
only the voiced stops. Nevertheless, as these 
consonants are only allophones, the Manichean 
scribes write sometimes b and d phonetically, and 
sometimes p and t phonemically. Another feature of 
the script is the use of ( (ain) instead of > (aleph) to 
represent the phoneme lal and its allophone [9]. Also, 
t is interchangeable with r, and q with k. The 
frequent doubling of y, w and S has no phonetic 
significance, and the symbol h has no sound when 
used in final position. 

On the other hand, the Manichean script, is 
defective in showing Sogdian vowels in quality and 
quantity. 

Syriac Script 

With respect to vowels, the Syriac script used for 
Christian materials is better qualified and shows 
Sogdian vowels at least qualitatively in some 
instanc s. A system of conventional points makes it 
possible to distinguish vowels and their differences 
at least in qualities. Thus, y with double vertical dots 
under it represents lei and lei, while y with a single 
dot under represents III and HI. In the same way, but 
used much less frequently, vv represents lof and lot, 
while w represents lul and lul. Using : (two vertical 
points) for lal and ; (two more distant vertical 
points) for lal is less significant. To represent 
consonants, Sogdian Christians added three new 
characters /, x, z to the 22 letters of the Syriac 
alphabet. In this way, the Christian texts 
distinguished I pi from ///, 181 from /£/, Ixl from 
lYI and Izl from Izl. However, one should note that 
the orthography is not entirely consistent in all 
texts, presenting other problems in the decipherment. 



See also the tables in the Persian Introduction. 

Phonology 

Traditionally, the name "Sogdian" as a language have 
been applied to different varieties of speech, 
commonly referred to as Buddhist, Manichean, and 
Christian, according to the three different scripts in 
which Buddhist, Manichean and Christian materials 
are written. Beside secular materials, such as letters, 
documents, inscriptions and coins, some Manichean 
and Christian texts written in Sogdian scripts are to 
be considered as important sources of information. 
Putting aside the differences due to the writing 
systems and the orthographic habits, it remains to be 
seen whether the existing distinctions can be 
interpreted as synchronic, i.e. dialectal, differen- 
tiations. They might also reflect the diachronic 
development of one and the same language. 

The phonemic charts on the following pages give 
the picture of the Sogdian phonemic system. They 
are based on comparative phonology and internal 
reconstruction. 

The phonetic characterizations of certain sounds 
are, of course, speculative. A deeper examination 
shows that the dialectal differences within the 
written material are comparatively few. This is not 
to claim, as wrote Sims- Williams, "that Sogdian texts 
are linguistically uniform, nor is it to deny that local 
varieties of Sogdian will have been spoken (though 
not necessarily written) in areas away from the 
capital. One such dialect survives in modern 
Yaghnabi. Another, in which Sogdian 161 and 161 
merge into ///, is indirectly attested by Sogdian loan- 
words in Persian". 106 

Vocalic System 

The defective nature of the Semitic script on which 
each of the Sogdian scripts is based and, in addition, 
the occasional inconsistency of the scribes, make the 

106. CX/, 1989, p. 173. 



xxix 



precise identification of the vowels sometimes 
hazardous. Beside comparative phonology and 
internal reconstructions, the comparison of different 
orthographies of a single word in the three scripts, 
the conventional system of diacritic points in Syriac 
script and the so-called "rhythmic law" have been 
found to be of help. According to the latter, both 
Sogdian nouns and verbs lose the final short vowel 
of the Old Iranian (Olr.) inflectional system of 
endings if their stem vowel is long or a diphthong, 
but retain the ending if the stem vowel is short. Also, 
a stem with a short vowel behaves as long if the 
vowel is followed by a consonantal cluster with 
which it may form a secondary diphthong. As a 
result, two classes of stems can be distinguished in 
Sogdian: light stems, which retain the ending, and 
heav T stems which lose or shorten their endings. The 
rule applies both to monosyllabic and dissyllabic 
stems. The stems ending in a semivowel Iwl or lyl 
behave also heavy when in contact with an ending or 
suffix beginning with a consonant. 107 In other words, 
"The rhythmic law essentially governs the position of 
the stress within the word. Thus, heavy stems having 
the stresses on their main syllables lose or shorten 
their endings, while light stems, having the stresses 
on their endings, keep them. Thus, unstressed vowels 
were liable to be altered or lost," 108 and the 
consonant clusters resulting from such loss were 
simplified by the addition of prothetic vowels. "As a 
result, the vocalism of many Sogdian words bears 
little resemblance to that of their Old Iranian 
etymons." 109 The Old Iranian short vowels /a/, /*'/ 
and lul preserve their identity under certain 
conditions, especially in stressed final syllables. An 
additional practical difficulty is the fact that often 
the crucial forms do not occur in the materials. The 
inflectional endings by which a light stem can be 
safely recognized are listed in GAfS, 502. 

Compariative and descriptive analysis of the 
Sogdian phonetic system seems to point to five short 
and five long vowels as well as some allophones-, this 




Sogdian Simple Vowels (Sims- Williams, JA y 1981, p.357). 



analysis, however, is relatively speculative as some 
of those vowels are not full phonemes: 

I) lal Low front, unrounded short vowel, from Olr. 
*a. In a medial position, it is generally not 
represented in the writing: " 

/asp/ } sp- horse Av. aspa- 

/5ast/ Sst- hand OP dasta- 

/Para/ fir* bring Av. bar 

II) /// High, front, unrounded short vowel, from Olr. 
*i. It is sometimes merged with *a: 

/indaku/ >yntk } w Indian OP (h)indu(ka) 
/wisp/ wysp all Av. vispa-, 

MP wisp 
/asti/ } sty he is Av. asti 

III) lul High, back, rounded short vowel. The 
Sogdian u, which has merged with Olr. *a rounded 
by assimilation to a labial environment, in final 
position reflects Olr. -am: 



107. The time of the operation of the rhythmic law is 
assumed to have been around the beginning of the 
Christian era (Tedesco, Lg,. 30, 1954, p. 486). At a later 
time, it clearly stopped to operate since words later 
introduced to the Sogdian vocabulary were not affected 
by it. 

108. Sims-Williams, /?L, 1984. 

109. Sims- Williams, CLI, 1989. 



XXX 



/u0yu/ wfiyw both Av.ubayam 

/kuti/ kwty dog Yaghn. *w* 

/mu/ mw this Olr. /maw 

IV) Ial Low, back, half rounded long vowel, from 
Olr. *a: 



/ap/ *p 

/mat/ m'r 



water Av. dp- 

mother Olr. matar- 
house Olr. *xanaka 



V) /e/ Mid, front, unrounded long vowel, from Olr. 
ai. It also reflects either fronted *a and du or the Olr. 
suffix -aka in final position: 

lee/ *yc something Av. aeta 

/sen-/ syn- raise *^a/iava- 

/xuten/ jcwr^n queen *xwatduni- 

/zate/ zVy/^jfc son *zataka- 

VI) /a/ Mid, back, rounded long vowel, from Olr. 

/ostay/ V^y to place Av. ava-staya- 

/orG/ Vr# there Av. avaOra 

/yon/ ^wn kind Av. gaona 

/cano/ cWw as, like, Olr. canaku 

when 

VII) lil High, front, unrounded long vowel, from 
Olr. accented or unaccented *i. Instances of initial /// 

' are rare and those mentioned are, in addition, 
uncertain Examples for medial and final: 

/afriwanV *frywn blessing 

/oktani/ y krt>ny(h) sin Olr. *krtani 

VIII) lul High, back, rounded long vowel, from Olr, 
*w: 

/{Jum/ fiwm world OP bumi 

/mus/ mws mouse Av. musa 

Instances of initial lul are rare and those 

mentioned are, in addition, uncertain. The lul in *wbs 

(/Qfs/, to sleep) might be long, but the imperfect 

/wafs/ points rather to /ofs/. Final lul is not attested. 

IX) lei Mid, front, unrounded short vowel. The short 
lei has no example initially. In final and medial 
positions, it is of secondary formation, either as a 
result of palatalization, e.g., fnys- (/fnes/, to be 



destroyed), or as a remnant of inflectional endings, 
like genetives of masculine a-stem nouns. It is 
difficult to consider it a full phoneme. 

X) lol Mid, back, rounded short vowel. Rare 
examples of short lol can be treated as luljal and [at 

/moxsk/ mwxsk mosquito Av. maxsika 

/martoxme; mrtxm } y people, Olr. *martiya- 

martoxme/ man tauxman 

Its identity as a full phoneme is doubtful. The same 
must be true for the palatalizated u as in uzba 
(terror). 

XI) [p] There are reasons to believe that a short, 
indistinct 9 vowel existed in Sogdian. It is probably 
the central allophone of Ial. It may derive from any 
Old Iranian short vowel Ial, lil, lul, or a non-original 
prothetic. This is borne out by cases in which a non- 
etymological written y alternates with nothing 
written at ail or, in certain cases, with a written \ 
For instance, fiyst- (past stem of Pynd-, to bind) 
alternates with fist-. Another example of non- 
etymological y can be found in the nominal fiynd- 
(prison, from *banda-) which alternates with find-, 
while fiynd (to bind) never alternates with a form 
without y. Of the same kind is the example of the 
verb nys~ (to destroy, from *nasaya-\ for instance, 
M nyst-. (destroyed) alternates with M nst- and B 
/!>£/_ Other doublet examples are M jyt- and jt- 
(s truck, past participle of zan-\ M jfi- and B zyfi- 
(to bite). Also, B ptfiyst- and ptfi*yst- (recognized, 
past participle of ptfiyd-) which alternates with C 
ptfist. In Some examples, an initial written ) in 
Sogdian script corresponds in the M script both to 
aleph C) and ain ( ( ), the latter occurring only before 
Ispl and Istl. According to Sims- Williams, the two 
letters provide evidence for the existence of two 
distinguishable allophones, variants of initial Ial, 



110. Reasons for the assumption of an additional long 
phoneme lol are given by Sims-Williams in RL f 1984, 
206; CU, 1989, 180. 



xxxi 



2) HI Voiceless dental stop < *f: 

/tarn/ tm- hell Av. tzmah-\ 

Skt. tamas 
/marti/ mrti man OP martiya- 

/wat/ w** wind Av. vara- 

3) /c/ Voiceless palatal affricate: 
3.1) < Olr. *c: 



/yaw/ yv cow 

/patyos/ ptYws- hear 
/Pay/ ^r- god 



Av. gav- 
*pati-gausa- 
OP to^a- 



III) The voiceless spirants //, #, x/ < Olr. spirants /*/, 

*e t *xl. 
1) /// Voiceless labial spirant < *f: 
liiil fry- dear Av. frya- 



/casm/ csm- eye Av. casman- 


/wafr/ w/r- snow 


Av. vafra- 


/acu/ y cw what Av. cu 


/afrin/ y fryn- bless 


Av. a-frina- 


/kaSac/ k6 y c ever *kada-cit 


/naf/ nY people 


Av. n<J/a- 


3.2) < Olr. *£ in the environment of Irh 

/carkas/ c/^i- vulture Av. kahrkasa- 
/marc/ mrc death Av. mahrka- 


2) /#/ Voiceless dental spirant 
/6enj/ Sync- draw 
/yaGuk/ rjw* throne 


<*0: 
Av. 0an/- 

*ga0uka- 



3.3) < Olr. *ik or*r palatalized in the environmentof 
of an lii\ thus, ik > c and n > c: 



/nee/ 


nvc 


nostrils 


*nahika-\ Av. n<J/i 


/wicSw/ 


vvycSv 


witness 


*v/-£ava- 


/pare/ 


pre- 


back 


Av. parsti- 


3.4) < Olr. 


*/r: 






/casn/ 


cln 


thirst 


Oh. *trsna- 1 ™ 


/caf/ 


c/?- 


steal 


OIr.*frp-l* 4 



A later, dialectal feature is the change to Icl 

from /(5/ or Idl in the environment of Isl, as in B 

cstw } n- (poor) < B 6stw } n- and C dystw y n-. 

4) /£/ Voiceless velar stop < *k: 

/kam/ k>m- like Av. kama- 

/nukar/ mv&r now *nu-kara- 

/wrk/ wyr*- wolf *vfka- 

II) The voiced spirants /# <?, y/ reflect the Olr. 
voiced stops /*&, *d t *#/, which have become spirants 
in all positions except after a nasal and voiced 
sibilant and in some consonant clusters such as fid 
and Yd, 

1) IP I voiced labial spirant < *b: 

/pay/ pY- lord, god OP baga- 



/xep8/ Yyp8\ own Av. x v aepai&ya- 

xypS; xypO 

3) Ixl Voiceless velar spirant < *x and * h 
Ixarl Yr- donkey Av. xara- 

/max/ m>x moon Av. mah 

/farnxunde/ prnYwnS^k fortunate Av.x y warnahwant 

IV) The voiced stops [*, d, /, g] are predictable; they 
are conditioned by their phonological environment 
such as nasal and voiced sibilants. They behave as 
ailophonic variants of voiceless stops. The picture is 
as follows: Olr. /*/?, *r, *c, *k/ remain in Sogdian 
except after a nasal or voiced sibilant, in which case 
they become lb d, j,gl\ Olr. /*fe, *d, *;, *gl become 
spirants //?, <5, z % Yl in Sogdian, except after a nasal 
or voiced sibilant and in some consonant clusters, in 
which case they remain unchanged. 

1) [b] occurs after m, or older n which has become 

m by assimilation, and after z < z: 

kambi B knpy-, less Olr. *kambiyah-, 

M kmby Av. kamna- 

uzb M wjp\ terror Av. azoba 



/apar/ 


*fir- 


bring 


* a- bar a- 


C } wzb- 


/Yrap; 


YrP- 


understand 


*grba- 




Yarp/ 








2) [d] occurs after n and z. 



2) /5/ Voiced dental spirant < *d: 

/8as/ 6s- ten Av. dasa- 

/m66an/ myS y n middle Av. maidydna- 
/p*8/ p>6 foot Av. pdd- 

3) /y/ Voiced velar spirant < *g: 



113. To this, the loss of initial Olr. */», common to most 
Eastern Iranian languages, should be added. 

114. These examples show the allophone [ts] of [c\ 



xxxni 



Pande B finth slave Olr. *bandaka~ 

M findyh 
azdyu B >ztyw exiled Olr. *uzdahyu- 

3) [;] occurs after n: 

anjaman M y njmn- assembly *ham-gamana- 

4) [g] occurs after n: 

angust B y nkwst; finger Av. angusta- 

M } ngwst 
sang B sn£ ; stone Av, asznga- 

M, C sng 
See "Remarks" (page xxxv) for the differences in 
treatment of b, d, /, g in B, C and M scripts. 

V) The series of sibilants Is, s, z, zl are either direct 
descendants of Olr. sibilants or the result of a 
Sogdian innovation. This is especially true for the 
palatal sibilants /si and /z/. 

0/5/: 

/sar5/ srS year. Av. sarzd 

/5ast/ Sst- hand OP dasta- 

/nipes/ npys- write *ni-paisa- 

2) /£/: 

/sary/ srY lion Parth. s^r-, 

MP Syr- 
/xsap/ 'xyp- night Av. xsapa- 

Imusl mws mouse Olr. mus(a) 

3) Izl: 

/azu/ >z>v I Av. az9m 

/zirn/ zyrn gold Av. zaranya- 

/anxaz/ Wz- rise Olr. *ham-xaz- 

4) /z/: 

/zan/ B zn-; strike Av. Jan- 

M yn- 

/nizay/ B nyz'y-, to go out Olr. *nizai- 

M nyjy- 

/xuz/ B T^vvz-j wish 

M jcvvy; 

C x>vz- 

In addition, A?/ merges with an older Is/, and Izl 

with an older /z/, by palatalization. Isl also merges 



with Olr. */0rl and, in a parallel way, /z/ with Olr. 
*/drl. The B and some M forms still keep the 
historical spelling. 
/se/ B ^Sry, sy, three Av. tfraya- 

M 'dry, C jy 
/wispise/ Bwyspydr*k\ prince Av. visopuOra- 

M wyspsy 
/zayma/ B Jr^m/i; C z^m* He Av. dru#- 

/zuxsk; B SrYwsk, zYwsk disciple Olr.dr/^^a- 
zxask/ M jwxsq;C zwxsq- 
/zayd/ B <5rn- ; M ;/f- held Av. draxta- 

VI) The Sogdian nasals /ml and /n/ offer no 
particular problems. They reflect the Olr. nasals */m/ 
and */n/, respectively. 

1) I ml: 

/mat/ mWJ mother Av. matar- 

/framiy/ prm } y- order Olr. */ra- 

maya- 
/nam/ nVn- name Av. ndman- 

2) /n/ : 

/nest/ /lysr is not Olr. *ne asti 

/anay/ , n > y- lead Olr. *a-naya- 

/srwan/ Vw'n soul Av. urvanam 

VII) The Sogdian frf reflects Olr. */r/ 115 and *[r] 116 . 
/r£9/ /■>#- road Av. rai6ya% Pers. 

ra/i 
/ro5/ rw5- grow Av. rao£- 

/yar/ Yr- mountain Av. gairi 

/zirn/ zyrn gold Av. zaranya- 

/kirm/ kyrm- snake Pers. Jb>m (worm) 

VIII) The semi-vowels /h>/ and lyl reflect Olr. *w 



115. C shows a seemingly dialectal feature with regard to 
III, When in a final position after /d/, /r / is dropped in 
all instances, as in C p* but B p*r (for); C s* but B s } r 
(to, towards); C psy? but B ^pysys^r (after); C Vc* but 
B >wrts } r (there); C mc* and ms } but B mrts*r (towards). 
This happens not only in the absolute final, but also in 
a morpheme boundary. Thus, the 3 sg. perfect ends in 
-d } t < -rf>rr. 

116. On Sogdian vocalic j% see page xxxii. 



xxxiv 



l)/w/: 




/war8/ 


wr<5 


/wen/ 


wy*- 


/afriwan/ 


*prywn 


/nawfc/ 


nwyy 


/yriw/ 


Yryw 


2) /y/: 




/yin/ 


y>n 


/ayDz/ 


*y>vz- 


/apa y / 


Vy- 



(A v. /v/) and */y/, respectively. 

rose Av. varzSa- 

see Av. va#/i- 

blessing Av. a-frivana- 

new Av. nava- 

own, self Olr. *griwa- 

favor Av. yana- 

agitate Av. a-yaoz~ 

to consider Olr. *3-pa(y) 

IX) The fact that several Eastern Iranian languages 
show a sound change of d > U and also the fact that 
in Manichean script (M) the Semitic sign lamed is 
used to render Sogdian 6 and daleth to render d y 
induced Andreas to assume the existence of a 
Sogdian phoneme /. This hypothesis seems to be 
borne out by other evidence. In foreign loanwords, 
/// is rendered by S in the Buddhist script (B) 
especially in the case of early borrowings such as 
kSp> from Skt. kalpa-, Swk y from Skt. loka-> pySh 
(elephant) from Middle Persian and Persian pll, dykh 
(letter) from Skt. lekha-, and Smtyr (lamp) from 
Greek lamptir. In later borrowings, however, /// is 
rendered by r (Semitic recK which sometimes has a 
special diacritic sign and is transliterated by r\ thus, 
*ndrnyr- for Skt. indranlla-. Besides, when Sanskrit 
words are transcribed (not borrowed) into the 
"Sogdian" script, / is rendered by r% e.g., pr*n for Skt. 
balam. 

Some Sogdian loanwords in Persian render by / 
what is written 6 in B and M, or d and $ in C. For 
instance, Pers. mid (wine) from mwS- < madu-\ Pers. 
pdlik (leather shoes) from p*dy\ Pers. linj- (to pull 
out) from Sync- <*0anjaya-% Pers. palindin- 
(threshold) from pSyund-, Pers. balade (unlawful, 
corrupt) from p6Hy- t Pers. Yolin (jug) from Yw6 y k-. 
The occurrence of double spellings in place names 
such as Badakhshan and Balakhshan,Amui(< *Amud) 
ai *d Amul provides further evidence for such 



transcription. 

However, against the assumption of Sogdian /// as 
a separate phoneme is the fact that the Uigurs, who 
adapted the "Sogdian" script for their language, 
rendered Uigur Idl by the Sogdian S and Uigur /// 
by the Sogdian r symbols. Henning suggested that 
Olr, 1*61 and 1*01 merged in most Sogdian "dialects" 
into one single sound which was kept as 6 in 
eastern Sogdian and became / in Western Sogdian. 
This is, however, contradicted by the evidence of 
Yaghnabl, which ignores I One should point out that 
the sound change of Idl > III is not general in 
Eastern Iranian. It is only common to some Iranian 
languages of Afghanistan such as Pasht5, Yidgha, 
Munji and (the Kafiri dialect of) Prasun. Khotanese, 
Ossetic, Yaghnabl and most Pamir dialects ignore it . 
This, probably, was also the case for common 
Sogdian. The sound change Idl > III might have 
centered, as Morgenstierne puts it, in the area of 
Badakhshan, the north-eastern corner of Afghanistan 
and southern Tajikestan, in the region neighboring 
on the province of NOristan (ancient KafiristanX It is 
noteworthy, finally, that the word Badakhshan, 
which is used in the Islamic period to designate both 
the area and the kind of ruby for which it was 
famous, is also spelled with / as Balakhsh (French 
Balais y English Balas). 

The last word about / is said by Livsic and Sims- 
Wiliiams. Livsic thinks that the last letter of the 
Sogdian alphabet (in the Penjikent ostracon) 
represents the phoneme 191 (voiceless counterpart of 
I SI), while Sims- Williams thinks it was used to 
render foreign words containing the sound ///. 

Remarks: 1) Buddhist and all of the texts written in 
"Sogdian" script use the Aramaic symbols: beth to 
render Ifil (and occasionally [b]\ lamed to render 
161 and 101% gimel to render lYl and Ixl (and 
occasionally [g]>, pe to render //>/, ///, and [b\ tau to 
render hi and ldl% kaph to render Ikl and lgl- y tzaddi 
to render Icl and [jTfc zain to render Izl and HI. 



XXXV 



The Ancient Letters and the Manichean texts 
written in Sogdian distinguish Ixl and lYl by using 
cheth for Ixl and gimel for frl. Some B texts, such as 
STiiy some of the Paris fragments and British 
Museum manuscripts, use a diacritic to distinguish Izl 
and 111. Dhy. text uses a specical diacritic to 
distinguish /// from I pi in the environment 
preceding /r/. M(S) distinguish I pi from /// with 
diacritic. 

2) The Manichean script uses special diacritic 
signs to distinguish I pi from [bJ (rendered by beth\ 
If I from I pi (rendered by pe \ lYl from Igl 
(rendered by gimel\ Ixl from Ikl (rendered by kaph) 
and Izl from III (rendered by zain). Icl is rendered 
by tzaddi and [J] by zain with a diacritic; lamed 
renders both 181 and I9I\ HI is rendered by teth, 
sometimes also by tau> without phonetic significance. 
The fact that two signs arc used to render one single 
phoneme has motivated different transliterations 
among scholars. According to the system of 
transliteration adapted by Henning, teth is 
transliterated by t and tau by t n 7 . To avoid 
confusion, both are transliterated by t in this 
dictionary. * represents lal, as in the Sogdian script; 
but in some instances, the vowel lal is rendered by ' 
even initially. 

3) The Christain script uses beth to render I pi 
(and [b]\ Like Manichean, it uses diacritics to 
distinguish /// from I pi, Ixl from Ikl and Izl from 
III. Ain is used to render IT I and gimel to render [gl 
Its main feature is the proper representation of the 
dentals. Thus, daleth is used to render 161, teth is 
used to render HI (and WD and tau is used to render 
191. The sign > represents both lal and lal as well as 
the nasal lam/. 

4) In general, aleph 0) renders lal in medial and 
lal in initial and final positions. It rarely renders lal 
in a medial position: as a rule, medial lal is not 
written. In B and M, it sometimes occurs before y 
and w to render le, e, i, ail and Id, o, u, u, aul 
respectively, and sometimes without phoentic value. 



Thus in B, >y and y alternate constantly, as do w and 
} w. A double aleph (") generally renders lal in all 
positions, but B shows instances of the double aleph 
rendering lal. 

5) The letter vau renders not only the semivowel 
fwl, but also the rounded vowels lal, Idl and the 
diphthong IduL In the same, way, yod renders the 
semivowel lyl as well as the fronted vowels Iff, IS/ 
and the diphthong fail. 

The contrary is also true for M, where lal is 
rendered by the single aleph Q). Except before m, n, 
and r in initial position, aleph also represents the 
allophone \d\ In Christian, the sign } represents lal, 
lal, hi and the nasal sequence lathi. Thus, many 
Sogdian prefixes such as an (<*ham) arc rendered 
simply by } - which is assumed to represent am. 118 

Transliteration and Transcription 

The transliteration of Sogdian is based on the 
method originally used by R. Gauthiot. This method 
aims at rendering each written Sogdian sign by a 
Latin or occasionally a Greek sign. Two special 
symbols } for aleph and ' for ayin and a few 
diacritics had to be added. The interpretation is 
based on the original value of the Aramaic symbols 
from which the Sogdian writing symbols are derived 
and on the consideration of the Sogdian phonemic 
system. The system not only renders the original 
scripts in a mechanical way, but it also allows for 
the reconstruction of the original writing. Tables 1 
through 3 in the Persian Introduction give the 
transliterations and transcriptions for Sogdian scripts: 
secular Sogdian, Manichean and Syriac, respectively. 
See also comparative Tables 4 and 5 in the Persian 
Introuduction. 



117. Sec GMS, p. 457, u 1. 

118. SW, RL, 1984; CLl, 1989. 



XXXVi 



e$g! 



General Abbreviations 



abl. ablative 

ace. accusative 

act. active 

adj. adjective 

adv. adverb 

Akk. Akkadian 

Apd. Appendix 

Apud. according to. 

Arab, Arabic 

Aram. Aramean 

Arm. Arminian 

art. article 

aux. auxiliary 

Av. Avesta 

Bal. Baluchi 

caus. causative 

Chin. Chinese 

comp. comparative 

Compd. compound 

conj. conjunction 

dat. dative 

def. definit e 

demons, der onstrative 

dir. direct 

dur. durative 

Elam. Elamite 

dat. elative 

encl. enclitic 

f and what follows 

f. feminine 

ff and what follow 

fn. foot note 

fut. future 

gen. genitive 

gloss, glossary 

Gk. Greek 

Heb. Hebrew 

Hung. Hungarian 

Idg. Ideogram 

IE Indo-European 

Ilr. Indo-Iranian 

impf. imperfect 

impv. imperative 



ind. indicative 
indecl. indeclinable 
indf. indefinite 
Indo. Indie 
inf. infinitive 
inj. injunctive 
inst. instrumental 
interj. interjection 
interrog. interrogative 
intrans. intransitive 
irr. irrealis 
Isk. Ishkashmi 
Khot. Khotanese 
Khwar. Xwarazmian ; 

Khwarezmian 
Lat. Latin 
loc. locative 
m. masculine 
med. pass, medio-passive 
mid. middle 
MP Middle Persian 
Munj. Munjani 
n. noun 

nom. nominative 
nt, neuter 
num. numeral 
ob. oblique 
Olr. Old Iranian 
OP Old Persian 
opt. optative 
Orm. Ormuri 
Oss. Ossetic 
Pahl. Pahlavi 
part, participle 
Parth. Parthian 
pass, passive 
Past. Pashto 
perf. perfect 

pers. pron. personal pronoun 
pi. plural 
poss. possesive 
postp. post position 
pot. potential 



pp. past participle 

pr. proper name 

Prak. Prakrit 

prec. precative 

pred. predicate 

pref. prefix 

prepos. preposition 

pres. present 

pres. part, present participle 

pres. st. present stem 

pret. preterite 

pro. prohibitive 

pron. pronoun 

prop, proposition 

pt. past 

pt. st. past stem 

rel. relative 

R Rectus 

Rosn. Roshnani 

RV Rig- Veda 

Sankl. Sanglechi 

>ark. Sarikoli 

s:j. singular 

Skt. Sanskrit 

Sughn. Shughni 

Syr. Syriac 

st. stem 

subj, subjunctive 

suff. suffix 

superl. superlative 

Taj. Tajiki 

trans, transitive 

trans, pret. transitive preterite 

Turk. Turkish 

Uigh. Uigur/Uighuri 

V versus 

v. verb 

Ved. Vedic 

voc. vocative 

Wakh. Wakhi 

Yaghn. Yaghnobi/Yaghnabi 

Yazg. Yazgulami 

Yidg. Yidga 



xxxvn 



Bibliographic Abbreviations 



AAWLM Abhandlungen der Geistes- und Sozial 

wissenschaft lichen Klasse der Akademie der 

Wissenschaften und der Literatur in Mainz. 
Add. Addenda, Additions 
Advice. Gershevitch, I. "The Sogdian Word for 

'Advice' and Some Mug Documents". Central 

Asiatic Journal 7, 1962. pp. 77-95; Philologia 

Iranica, 1985. pp. 33-51. 
Afr. Insc. Livsic, V. "Afrasiyab Inscription". AOH 8, 

1972, p. 79. 
A green leaf (y^Jj) Acta Iranica. Vol. 28, 1988. 

Papers in honour of Professor Jes. P. Asmussen. 
AHM Gershevitch, I. The Avestan Hymn to Mithra 

(University of Cambridge Oriental Publications, 

IV). Cambridge, 1959. 
AI Acta Iranica-, Encyclopedie Permanente des 

Etudes Iraniennes. Tehran/Liege. 
AION Annali dell' I nstituto Universitario Orientate. 

Sezione Linguistica. Napoli. 
AM Asia Major, New Series, London. 
Amber Gershevitch, I. "Amber at Persepolis". Studia 

Classica et Orientalia Antonino Pagliaro Oblata ii. 

Rome, 1969. pp. 167-251. 
Anc. Lett. "Ancient Letters". HRii, pp. 1-42. 
Andreas. Andreas, F.C SPAW, 1910. p. 310. 
ANP Antiquities of Northern Pakistan. Vol. 1, 

Mainz, 1989; Vol. 2, Mainz 1993. 
AO Acta Orientalia. Copenhagen. 
AoF Altorientalische Forschungen. Akademie- 

Verlag. Berlin. (Various issues denoted by AoFi, 

AoFii, etc.) 
AOH Acta Orientalia 
Hungaricae. Budapest. 
APAW Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie 

der Wissenschaften, Phil -Hist. Klasse Berlin. 
Asica. Bailey, H. "Asica". IPS, 1945. pp. 1-38. 
AVS Gharib, B. Analysis of the Verbal System in 

the Sogdian Language. Ph.D. Dissertation. Univ. of 

Pennsylvania. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University 

Microfilms, Inc., 1965. 



AiW Bartholomae, Chr. Altiranisches Worterbuch 

Strassburg, 1904. 
BAI Bulletin of the Asia Institute. New-Haven. 
Bailey. Sir Harold Bailey 
BBB Henning, W. B. Ein Manichdisches Bet- und 

Beichtbuch. APAW 10, 1936; AI 14, 1977. 
Benv. Z. Benveniste 
Brahman. Henning, W. B., "Brahman". TPS, 1944, pp. 

108-118; AI 15, 1977, pp. 193-203. 
BSL Bulletin de la Societe de Linguistique de Paris. 
BSOAS Bulletin of the School of Oriental and 

African Studies. London. 
BSOS Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies. 

London. 
BSTBL MacKenzie, D. N. The Buddhist Sogdian 

Texts of the British Library. AI 10, 1976. 
BSTi Hansen, O. "Berliner Sogdische Texte I ; 

Bruchstucke einer soghdischen Version der 

Georgspassion(Cl)". APAW 10, 1941. 
BSTii Hansen, O. "Berliner Soghdische Texte II". 

AAWLM 15, 1954. 
BTT Berliner Turfantexte- Schriften zur Geschichte 

und Kultur des Alten Orients. Berlin: Akademie- 

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Bugut. Insc. Livsic, V. A. "Bugut Inscription". AOH 

1972, pp. 69-102. 

Bulletin of Iranian Culture Foundation, Vol. 1, 

1973, Tehran, (not abbreviated) 

C2 Sims-Williams, N. The Christian Sogdian 

Manuscript C2. BTT 12, 1985. 
CA J Central Asiatic Journal. The Hague. 
CHI The Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge. 
CI Corolla Iranica-, Papers in Honour of Prof. Dr. 

David Neil MacKenzie. ed. R. E. Emmerick and D. 

Weber. Peter Lang, 1991. 
CII Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum. 
CII 1963 Bogolyubov, M. N. ; Livsic, V. A. ; Smirnova, 

O. I. (eds.) Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum-, Part 

II, Vol. 1 11/ 1: Dokumenti s Gori Mug {Documents 

From Mt. Mugh). Moscow, 1963. 



xxxviu 



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Iranicarum Part II; Vol. III/IIJ: Sogdian and 

Other Iranian Inscriptions of the Upper Indus. 

London, 1989. 
CII 1990 Sims- Williams, N. ; Hamilton, James. 

Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum; Part II, Vol. 

Illlllh Documents Turco-Sogdiens du IX e -X e 

Siecle de Touen-houang. London, 1990. 
CII 1990 CII Supplementary Series, same as MHC 
CII 1992 Sims-Williams, N. Corpus Inscriptionum 

Iranicarum; Part II, Vol. Ill III, 2: Sogdian and 

Other Iranian Inscriptions of the Upper Indus. 

London, 1992. 
CLI Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. ed. R. 

Schmitt. Wiesbaden, 1989. 
Cosm. Henning, W. B. "A Sogdian Fragment of the 

Manichean Cosmogony". BSOAS 12, 1948, pp. 301- 

318; AI 15, 1977, pp. 301-313. 
Date. Henning, W. B. "The Date of the Sogdian 

Ancient Letters". BSOAS 12, 1948, pp. 601-615; AI 

15, 1977, pp. 315-329. 
Dhu. "Dhuta Text". HRi. pp. 16-32; "Dhuta-sutra". 

BSTBL, pp. 33-51, Notes 40-48. 
Dhy. "Dhyana Text". HRi, pp. 33-56; 

"Buddhadhyanasamadhisagara-sutra". BSTBL pp. 

53-77, Notes 49-70 
Dietz. Dietz, A. "Baga and Mithra in Sogdiana". AI 

17, 1978, pp. 111-114. 
DN TSP 5, pp. 74-81. 
Doc. "Documents )". HRii, pp. 57-62. 
Dresden. M. J. Dresden 
EGSi Gauthiot, R. Essai de Grammaire Sogdienne I. 

Paris, 1914; 1923. (Numbers refer to paragraphs, 

unless specified by pages.) 
EGSii Benveniste, E. Essai de Grammaire Sogdienne 
■ //. Paris, 1929. (Numbers refer to paragraphs, 

unless specified by pages.) 
EI Encyclo : aedia Iranica. ed. E. Yarshater. New 

York. 
Emmerick. R. E. Emmerick 
Et. Benveniste, E. Etudes Sogdiennes. Dr. Ludwig 

Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden, 1979. 
Eti Benveniste, E. "fitudes sur quelques Textes 

Sogdiens Chretiens (I)". J A, 1955, pp. 297-335; £/., 

pp. 228-266. 
Etii Benveniste, E. "£tudes sur quelques Textes 

Sogdiens Chretiens (II)". J A, 1959, pp. 115-134; £/., 

pp. 267-286. 
Et. Oss. Benveniste, E. Etudes sur la Langue Ossete 

(Collection Linguistique Publiee par la Societe de 

Linguistique de Paris, LX). Paris, 1979. 
EVP Morgenstierne, G. An Etymological Vocabulary 

of Pashto (Skrifter Utgitt ar Det Norske 

Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Hist.- Filos. Klasse, 

1927, No. 3) 
EWA Mayrhofer, M. Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches 

Worterbuch des Altindischen III. Heidelberg, 

1956-1976. 
Fasts. Henning, W. B. "The Manichean Fasts". JRAS 

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Frag. Fragment 

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45. 
Frag. act. Benveniste, E. "Fragment des Actes de St. 

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90-116; £/., pp. 191-215. Also abbreviated as 

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Frag. Len. Ragoza, A. N. Sogdijskive Fragmenty 

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Grenet F. Grenet 
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Gauthiot. R. Gauthiot 
Gersh. I. Gershevitch 
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Names In Elamite Garb". TPS, 1969, pp. 165-200. 
Gharib B. Gharib 
Giants. Henning, W. B. "The Book of the Giants". 

BSOAS 11, 1943, pp. 52-47; AI 15, 1977, pp. 115- 

137. 
GMS Gershevitch, I. A Grammar of Manichean 

Sogdian. Oxford, 1954. (Numbers refer to 

paragraphs.) 
Gropp. Gropp, Gerd. "Mitteliranische Glossare und 

Index zu 'Waldschmidt-Lentz'". Neue Methodologic 

in der Iranistik, ed. by R. Frye. Wiesbaden, 1974, 

pp. 7-48. 
Ham. James Hamilton 
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Georgspassion in Soghdischer Sprache aus Turfan". 

Forschungen und Fortschritte, 17/33-4, 1941, pp. 

360-361. 
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Harvard-Yenchihg Institute. 
HMV Gershevitch, I. ; Boyce, M. (eds.) W. B, Henning 

Memorial Volume. London, 1970. 
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reste des Britischen Museums, L Heidelberg, 1928. 
HRii ~. Die Soghdischen Handschriften-reste des 

Britischen Museums, II. Heidelberg, 1931. 
Humbach. H. Humbach 

IF Indogermanische Forschungen, Berlin; Strassburg. 
IIFL Morgenstierne, G. Indo-Iranian Frontier 

Languages. Oslo, (I) 1929, (II) 1938, (III) 1944-1956; 

2nd ed. Oslo, 1973. 
IIJ Indo-Iranian Journal, The Hague. 
IMTT Sundermann, W., "Iranian Manichean Turfan 

Texts Concerning the Turfan Region". Turfan and 

Tun-Huang, the Texts, Encounter of Civilizations 

on the Silk Route. Cadonna, A. (ed.), 1992. 
Indian Elem. Sims-Williams, N. "Indian Elements in 

Parthian and Sogdian". Sprachen des Buddhismus 

in Zentralasien; Vortrdge des Hamburger 

Symposions. 1981. 



xxxix 



CII 1989 Sims-Williams, N. Corpus Inscriptionum 

Iranicarum Part II; Vol. IIIlHJ: Sogdian and 

Other Iranian Inscriptions of the Upper Indus. 

London, 1989. 
CII 1990 Sims-Williams, N. ; Hamilton, James. 

Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum-, Part II, Vol 

IIIlHI: Documents Turco-Sogdiens du IX e -X e 

Siecle de Touen-houang. London, 1990. 
CII 1990 CII Supplementary Series, same as MHC 
CII 1992 Sims-Williams, N. Corpus Inscriptionum 

Iranicarum-, Part II, Vol III II I, 2: Sogdian and 

Other Iranian Inscriptions of the Upper Indus. 

London, 1992. 
CLI Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. ed. R. 

Schmitt. Wiesbaden, 1989. 
Cosm. Henning, W. B. "A Sogdian Fragment of the 

Manichean Cosmogony". BSOAS 12, 1948, pp. 301- 

318; AI 15, 1977, pp. 301-313. 
Date. Henning, W. B. "The Date of the Sogdian 

Ancient Letters". BSOAS 12, 1948, pp. 601-615; AI 

15, 1977, pp. 315-329. 
Dhu. "Dhuta Text". HRI pp. 16-32; "Dhuta-sutra". 

BSTBL, pp. 33-51, Notes 40-48. 
Dhy, "Dhyana Text". HRi, pp. 33-56; 

"Buddhadhyanasamadhisagara-sutra". BSTBL, pp. 

53-77, Notes 49-70 
Dietz. Dietz, A. "Baga and Mithra in Sogdiana". AI 

17, 1978, pp. 111-114. 
DN TSP 5, pp. 74-81. 
Doc. "Document(s)". HRii, pp. 57-62. 
Dresden. M J. Dresden 
EGSi Gauthiot, R. Essai de Grammaire Sogdienne I. 

Paris, 1914-, 1923. (Numbers refer to paragraphs, 

unless specified by pages.) 
EGSii Benveniste, E. Essai de Grammaire Sogdienne 

II. Paris, 1929. (Numbers refer to paragraphs, 

unless sped f ied by pages.) 
EI Encyclopaedia Iranica. ed. E. Yarshater. New 

York. 
Emmerick. R. E. Emmerick 
Et. Benveniste, E. Etudes Sogdiennes. Dr. Ludwig 

Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden, 1979. 
Eti Benveniste, E. "fitudes sur quelques Textes 

Sogdiens Chretiens (I)". J A, 1955, pp. 297-335; Et., 

pp. 228-266. 
Etii Benveniste, E. "Iitudes sur quelques Textes 

Sogdiens Chretiens (II)". J A, 1959, pp. 115-134; Et., 

pp. 267-286. 
Et. Oss. Benveniste, E. Etudes sur la Langue Ossete 

(Collection Linguistique Publiee par la Societe de 

Linguistique de Paris, LX). Paris, 1979. 
EVP Morgenstierne, G. An Etymological Vocabulary 

of Pashto (Skrifter Utgitt ar Det Norske 

Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Hist.- Filos. Klasse, 

1927, No. 3) 
EWA Mayrhofer, M. Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches 

Worterbuch des Altindischen III. Heidelberg, 

1956-1976. 
Fasts. Henning, W. B. "The Manichean Fasts". JRAS 

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Frag. Fragment 

Frag. 2a. "Fragment 2a". HRi, 57ff^ SW, /// 1975, p. 

4?. 
Frag, act Benveniste, E. "Fragment des Actes de St. 

Georges en Version Sogdienne". J A 1943-45, pp. 

90-116; Et., pp. 191-215. Also abbreviated as 

Notesvi. 
Frag. Len. Ragoza, A. N. Sogdijskive Fragmenty 

Central'no-aziatoskogo. Sobranija Instituta 

Vostkovendenija, Moscow, 1980. 
Frye R. N. Frye 
Grenet F. Grenet 
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Adyar Library Bulletin. 
Gauthiot. R. Gauthiot 
Gersh. I. Gershevitch 
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Names In Elamite Garb". TPS, 1969, pp. 165-200. 
Gharib B. Gharib 
Giants. Henning, W. B. "The Book of the Giants". 

BSOAS 11, 1943, pp. 52-47; AI 15, 1977, pp. 115- 

137. 
GMS Gershevitch, I. A Grammar of Manichean 

Sogdian. Oxford, 1954. (Numbers refer to 

paragraphs.) 
Gropp. Gropp, Gerd. "Mitteliranische Glossare und 

Index zu 'Waldschmidt-Lentz'". Neue Methodologic 

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pp. 7-48. 
Ham. James Hamilton 
Hansen. O. Hansen 
Hansen 1941. Hansen, O. "Ein Fragment der 

Georgspassion in Soghdischer Sprache aus Turfan". 

Forschungen und Fortschritte, 17/33-4, 1941, pp. 

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Etudes Comparatives. Paris, 1962. 
HJAS Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 

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HMV Gershevitch, I.; Boyce, M. (eds.) W. B. Henning 

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HRi Reichelt, H. Die Soghdischen Handschriften- 

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HRii ~. Die Soghdischen Handschriften-reste des 

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Parthian and Sogdian". Sprachen des Buddhismus 

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Mack. D. N. MacKenzie 
Mack. AI MacKenzie, D. N. "Two Sogdian 

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Magi. Henning, W. B. "The Murder of the Magi". 

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Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 

Budapest, 1984. 



Manual Pahl. Nyberg, H. S. Manual of Pahlavi, //, 

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Mayrhofer. M. Mayrhofer 
MDi Frejman, A. A., Opisanie Publilcacii i 

Issledovanie Dokumentov s Gory Mug; Sogdijskie 

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MDii Livsic, V. A., Juridiceskie Dokumenty i 

Pis'ma-, Sogdijskie Dokumenty s Gory Mug II. 

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MDiii Bogoljubov, M. N. ; Smirnova, O. I. 

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MGI Frye, R. N. (ed.) "Mitteliranische Glossarc und 

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MIFSS Sims- Williams, N. "The Middle Iranian 

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Minorsky, Mem. Bosworth (ed.) Iran and Islam; A 

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MIS Middle Iranian Studies, 1984. W. Skalmowski; 

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MJM Gignoux, P. : Tafazzoli, A. (eds.). Memorial 

Jean de Menasce. Louvain, 1974. 
Morgens. G. Morgenstierne 
MSL Memoires de la Societe de Linguistique de 

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MSP Sundermann, W. Ein Manichaisch-Soghdisches 

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Muller. F. W. K. Muller 
Mysteria Mithrae Proceedings of the International 

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n note(s) 
(N) Same as Notes. 
Notes BSTBL, Notes, pp. 1-64. Also abbreviated as 

(NX 
Notesi Benveniste, E. " Notes sur les Textes 

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120-162. 



xL 



Noresiv Benveniste, E. "Notes Sogdiennes". BSOS 

9/3, 1938, pp. 495-518. EU pp. 163-186 
Notesv Same as Notules. 
Notesvi Same as Fray. act. 
Notesvii Benveniste, E. "Notes Sogdiennes". J A 239, 

1951, pp. 113-125; Et., pp. 216-227. 
Notules Benveniste, E. "Notules Sogdiennes". J A 231, 

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1 Rosenberg, F. "Deux Fragments Sogdiens 
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2 Rosenberg, F. "~ ; II: Fragment d' un Sutra", /zv., 
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3 Rosenberg, F. "Un Fragment Sogdian Bouddhique 
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STii Muller, F. W. K. ; Lentz, W. Soghdische Texte II. 

SPAW21, 1934, pp. 504-607. 
STSC Schwartz, M. Studies in the Texts of the 

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SW Nicholas Sims-Williams 
SW 1986 Sims-Williams, N. "Sogdian *dprm and Its 

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UMV L M. Unvala Memorial Volume. Bombay, 

1964. 



* The abbreviation denotes H. Oldenburg, the discovered of the fragments. 



xLi 



Utz Survey Utz, D. A. "A Survey of Buddhist 

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A! 15, 1977, pp. 225-230. 
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BSTBL 
VJ Benveniste. E. Vessantara Jataka (Mission 

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1933. 
Weber. Weber, D. Die Stellung der Sogdische 

Inchoativa im Mitteliranischen, (Dissertation zur 

Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Philosophischen, 

Fakultat der Georg-August-Universitat). 

Gottingen, 1970. 
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ZDMG Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenldndischen 

Gesellschafu Leipzig; Wiesbaden. 
Zeki Veladi Togan's Armagan Henning, W. B. 

"Khwarezmian Language". Zeki Veladi Togan's 

Armagan, Istanbul, pp. 421-436. 
ZII Zeitschrift fur Indologie und IranistiL Leipzig. 



xLii 



s^\ 




^Mi.^j\3.^j*^ 



^j*Otyb**t 




S#$ 




ijl^ji^iwU- ^LJUtf ^^aUj Jjil <uW» i^tt (^-rr^ : J>L^ 

ow >♦*♦ :jIju; 



.^^••h jittY/Ar^jUi 



JLL*. <w}UI jLU- <>d^>f 01^; 



.YTVt 
.YaxtV* cm «J>i>- :( o£l£ ^Jjf .jUs) g\ 

B. Gharib. Sogdian dictionary: Sogdian-Persian-EagUsh. 

rtW-Avr pir nrv/^r u»r 



VfJ^OA-*-* :Jil* 



-^cr^V^C 1 ^ 



^ 



» 



1 "tfnc M (f^V^)^j^* 
ab/Panc Cb'nc) ©f. adj. ^•p^c, >p } nz 

Aban, eighth month of the year 
GMS 1274 n 2 ; Hen. Orientalia. n94, JRAS 1945, 
149.9 

2 "p'rp B aJLAS^Ta.^ 
aparP ©<*a-barbcn> Khot. bira ^'k'ys'k 
hook, pulling instrument 

BSTBL, Vim. 155; Bailey. BSOAS 23, 25 

3 »pVYS*k B -> 'pr'YS* 

4 »p>st- =» >bst-, , nP'st- 

5 »p } stk B (tj*<jJL><4^^ 
apaste ©<*abastaka ©pp. -^bynt-, ^st-, 

top^t-, J bsty 
bound, joined, permanent 
TSP 2.550; S W, C2 n p75.26 

aPici (»pcy) ©<Skt. avid 

Ouz/we o/ the)woisl hell 

SCE 279, 337, 349; *^yc, TSP 7.43 

7 »p*yr- B, S •JtSi^jjT «jls*j^ 
aPir ©<*a&rya ©pass. St.; impf, m*fiyr =#*pr- 
(r<?)be carried, (fo)be brought 

GMS 540; VJ 868, 871; MDii; AVS 76 

8 "per M jljil<j*J»l 
apcar 

materials 
GMS 1531 

9 »pcy =» »P } ycy 

10 »p r B ^)J < W V 

aPar 

touch 



VJ 881 

11 »p r - B, M,S WT<j^ 
aPar ©impf. m>j8r; inf. ->y =*>br- 2 

(to)carry 

GMS 634; VJ ; TSP-, Frag. Len^ MSP; MD ; BBB; 
AVS 76, 102 n 1, 139 

12 -»pr B,M ^v, 
aPar (•pr'y) ©<*a-baraka 

possessive suffix 

GMS 1134; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 141i, 144.5 

13 "pr'ys'k B ^<J-<jjjT 
apraxse ('P'rf^k, *PrYS>y, 'PrYs'k) -^PrxsyCy) 
wish, desire, lust 

TSP 2.904, 1053, 5.30, 7.151; SCE 431; BSTBL, 
Vim.; S W, ID 1976, Frag. 5.11; ->y, TSP 17.11; 
SCE 308; ->kw y BSTBL, Dhu. 82 

14 "pr'y ** -»pr 

15 "prYs'k => 'prxsy(y) 

16 "prYs'kmync S ^Ji^s* < j*&^M^ 
aPraxse-menc =^>Prxsymync 

lascivious 

S W, IIJ 1976, 49, 50, Frag. 5.8-9 

17 "prYs'y 4 "Pr^s'k 

18 >J prxsy M ^^ <o^ < jjj7 
apraxse (^prY^y) ®<*a-braxsaka\ Av. bdrdg% 

Parth. awarzog; Pahl. awarzog % Khot. aursa 

^»pr > YS ) k t 
desire, lust 
Hen. Tales. 487 n 2; GMS 5 

19 "prxsymync M ^jjjT 
apraxsemene ^PrYS^mync 

desiring, wishful 



"Pryn- 

GMS 1103; BBB 568 

20 »pryn- B, S C»J'jjn<d>J'j^ 
afrin ©<*d-frina =»*fryn-, *pryn- 
(ro)praise 

TSP 25ii, 1 n p236; KG 552, 572 

21 »prync- S cpjj>, 
aPrenc ? ©<*a-bar9g-\ Parth. abrang 
(fo)cultivate 

Gersh. apud. Sund. MSP p39 

22 "pryt'k S »j^ 
afrite (*Pryty) ©pp. ^fryty 

praised 

KG 327, 580; TSP 25ii, 3 ; W-Li 71 

23 >} pryty B => »pryt>k 

24 "prywn B jijl <uk^ 
afriwan ('prywnh) =»*prywn, "frywn 
blessing, praise 

TSP 17.39; KG pl77 

25 w prywncyk S ^j^ij^f Cji jlj^^iJ t t y_jl 
afriwancik 

praising 

Hen. Tales. 486.13, -w 

26 "prywnh S =* »prywn 

27 M bwx rwc M {^Iz^j^J)^^ jjj*jjjoU 
abux-roc =^*pwy > rwc 

Aban, tenth day of the month 
GMS 237; Hen. JRAS 1945, 142.2, 3 

28 »pyc => »P>ycy 

29 »pyr =» »P>yr- 

30 »c M j 
ac =#*8c(w), >cw 
something, anything 
GMS 1564, 1580 

31 Vyt- S 
acayd ©pt. st. ^ptcyt-, Vxs- 
0o)grasp 

Sund. KG 382 pl77 ; Apd. S W, 3.2.1 

32 "cYy B fjLoU 
acare ©<Skt. acarya 

teacher 

TSP 21 i 11 n p233; BSTBL, Intox. 36 

33 Vxs- S j*f 
acaxs ©pres. st. =>ptcxs-, Vyt- 

(to)grasp 
Sund. KG pl77 

34 ^(h) M =* »8>kw 



xtfjsr 



*s 



35 »8>k -> »5>y 

36 "5'kw B, S (jy >^- >>)u<^ ^^ <tr T 
a8e, a8aku, a8o (»Syy, »8k, »8yh) ©abl. >8>(h) t 

pi. M (> V; pi. ob. *Sytyy =>*S y y t My 
somebody, anybody 
EGSii 136, GMS 1560-80; »<yjfc t MD ; ><?*vv, Anc. 

Lett.; S W, SGI 1986,407-10 

37 "8'm M (jsz^ks^)^ 
adam ^S'm 

Adam 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 18 

38 "5'wkh B J^^<i 
a8uk (»Swk) ®<*aSu- 

grain, crop 

TSP 6.157 n p206 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 29; Emmerick. 
TPS 1966, If 

39 »5>y B,S <^>^ jAr-^'u-O 
a8e (»8y, »8>k) ©abl. Wh -^'kw^Syt 
somebody 

GMS 1580; S W, SGI 1986, 408-10; *&yk, TSP 
7.80 

40 'WycCw) B,S j«r>>o*r 
a8ec(u) =**8c(w) 

something, anything 

GMS 1566; SCE ; BSTBL; MDii; S W, SGI 1986, 

408 

41 'Spirit B oj 
aSene O'Syn'y, 'Syn'k) ©<*a-daina-, Parth. 

ddenag 
mirror 
TSP 3.303, 10.12; BSTBL, Dhu. 169; Benv. Et. Oss. 

pl0 ; -yn% BSTBL, Dhy. 43, 350, 345; loc. 

->kyK Dhy. 338 

42 }) 8 py =* »SS py, '58 Py 

43 "Spr'k B ^J-^'jjA 
aSPare (*SPryy) 

fertile 

TSP 11.28 n p223 ; BBB 570; S W, SGI 1986, 409 

44 »8pryy M ^ »Spr>k 

45 w 6c(w) B, S (u>> y-»*£ jj)^>-jt> cy^ 
aSc(u) (»88c) =»*c, >dc, >cw, *8>yc(w) 
something, anything 

GMS 1564; EGSii 136; S W, SGI 1986, 407ff 

46 »58 py B (? jj^J> <^m* jLJjz- Jl J^t fU)&j! cf 1 -^ 
aSpay 08 Py, »8 Py) ©<a<5<Skt. adhideva 
supreme god(Hormazd, Shakra ?) 



w"~" ''jjji <°^^ 



f i4Ty, 



TSP; VJ ; Frag. Len. ; W-Li ; Humbach. AI 4, 297f ; 
"supreme deity", S W, Indian elements in 
Parthian and Sogdian 1983, 139 

47 »SSc M =* »5c(w) 

48 »8h B 
a6(a)? (>5h 2 ) =>»Swh 
excellence, eminence 
TSP 5-36 

49 »Sk S =* »8>kw 

50 »8kt*m B 
aSektam, aSktam 
each one 

TSP 21c 91; S W, SGI 1986, 410 

51 "SprmGi) B (j^ -, ^ > , 
aopar(a)m 

altogether, so ever 

GMS 1551, 1567; S W, SGI 1986, 407-24 

52 »8wB M . . „ t ? . 
aoup 

joining 

GMS 453; Benv. Et. Oss. 41; Sund. Man. Lett 
306.30, 41 

53 »«wh B 

a8u ? =^»5h 

excellence, majesty 

VJ 222; BSTBL, Vim. 140 

54 »6 w k B =» »5>wkh 

55 »8wr»yk S(C) 
aGOrik 
Assyrian 
STSC 67 

56 »dv S / ■ 
a5e (»5y, » 6 yy) © p i. _ l; ob . pi. - tyv „, dy( ) 

»8>kw 
somebody, anybody 

GMS 1560 ff, 1580, S W, SGI 1986, 407f 
5" B 8y M, S -» »5'y, »dy, 'dy(y), -yfiyyt 

58 »6 yc => »5>yc(w) 

59 »8yh M =» »dy, »8>kw 

60 M 8yn»(h) M 
aoene (»5yny) ©<MP 
Iriday 

GMS 49; JRAS 1945; Fasts. 149.12, 19, 153.14, 36 
151.6 n 2 pl53 

61 *8yn»k =» »5'yn>k- 

62 »5y n >y =* »5> yn . k 



<Sj* J. i J^' ia ^^ 



ijjj^l 



. . "Y'w6 

63 »8yny => »8yn»(h) 

64 »dyt C => »8yt 

65 »8yt M t s 

a5et (Idyl) ©Ob. pi. -yy, -yh _>»5> kw> , 5>y 

everybody 

GMS 1563; STi 29.8, 53.4, >6>yt, KG 499, >8ytyh, 
BBB e4 ; 'dytyy, BBB e7 

66 »8yy M =» »dy, »8»kw 

67 »fryn- M ■ <- -r 

afnn ®<*a-frlna- ®impf. m>f ryn =*»p r yn-, 

"pryn- 
OcOpraise 
GMS 579, 653; Sogdica. p7 

68 "fryny M 
afrine ©pi. -t 
praising 
GMS 475, 895 

69 »frytyy M T 
afnte ©pp. =»>fryt- 

creature 
GMS 1620 

70 »frywn M - 

afriwan ©Av. afrivana =»»prywn, »prywn, 

'frywn 
praise 
GMS 1084 

71 »y _» V 

72 Vrt B \ . . f ... . 

■ LT'-i'S' jpj^- <~~a*.Jo 
axart ? ■ " 

indigestible ? 

TSP 8.124; Hen. JRAS 1944, 144.3 

73 » Y »z B -> » Y 'z 

74 " Y l nS B . J^K*. 

axans =*»x>s, 'ny's 
fight, dispute 
TSP 9.12, 13ii 7 

75 » Y V M -> »yrt>k 

76 n vV 2 R 

axar ' 

step, pace 

SCE 197; BSTBL, Dhy. 93, 97, EGSii 167 

77 » Y >st- S =» »Yst-' 

78 YwS B * « ,^ ,. 
ayofc ©<a-gaud- =»»Ywnd- 

cover, covering 

VJ 961; BSTBL; Gharib. AI 4.249 



Y6- 



79 »Y>y8- B b^jj^y-icr^y*- 
aye5 ©<*a-gadaya- =^*Yy5- 

(to)wish, (fo)demand 
BSTBL, Dhy. 15, 75; GMS 653 

80 YyS'k B jJjT <u^l>- 
aye5e (•yyS'k) ^yS'kCw) 

wish, desire 

TSP 2, 382, »rj<5>jbv; Sogdica. 60.28, 61 

81 Vynt- B &£*J\io*fS\& 
ayind ? 

(ro)defile 

Mack. SCE 180(N) ; Gersh. IF 75, 304 

82 Yyr- B u*j^5 'j^j 
axer ^Y 1 " 2 * xrt ~^ >x Y r - 

(to)walk 

BSTBL, Dhy. ; SCE 383 

83 Yyr B ^*«^> 
axer 

moving, going, ambulant 
VJ 882 

84 Yyrn'k B l^, «-ujj <<-0*> 
axerne (*Y > yrn > y) =»*xyrny 

moving, walking, going, ambulator 
BSTBL, Dhy. 100, 246; ->y, Dhy. 228, 297, 311; 
*Yyrn% Dhy. 245 

85 Yy rn> y =* 1 Y > y rn> k 

86 "y^- (J>> j<*& jj) j-bjUT t&J'&ji 
ayaz (*y*z) ©<*a-gaz ^•yst- 1 , Y z - 
0<?)begin 

87 Yz B.M.C ^j>O^T 
ayaz ©ob. - (>) y 

beginning 

TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len ; STi 77.1; Hen. Giants. 
68.24; nom. TVy, Dhu. 259 

88 "yS^w) B, S lIw.^l^.jjjT 
ayaSe, ayaSaku ©<*a-gadaka-, Sgad\ Parth. 

'g'dg; Khwar. y VSk =»Yy§-, 'Y^y 

wish, desire 

TSP; VJ; BSTBL; MSP; KG; Frag. Len. ; ace. 
>rd>kw y VJ 99, 142, 376, 383, BSTBL, Padm. 23, 
25, 53; Vim. 51; nom. VJ 101, 442, 446, 47 c 

89 »yd>r- C j^T 
aya6ar ©trans, pret, =>*yt- 2 

(to)bring 

STii 4.32, 3pl. -nt 

90 »y5>w B jAjh'sxJ 



aya5o ©<aTa6aku ? 
wish 

VJ; EGSii 75; GMS 960; nom. VJ 29 d , 650, 1185; 
ace. VJ 17, 59\ 1223 

91 "yS'y S,B j*ljr<jjj 
ayaSe (*ydy, Y>yy) -» i Y8'k(w) 

wish 

SCE 555; VJ 44 e ; TSP; BSTBL; BBB; GMS 962; 
KG; STii 8.10, 4.12 

92 »ydy C ** »y5>y 

93 »y8yy M =* »y5>y 

94 "ymp- M j&^tfrJ'cSj*- 
ayamp 

walking 

Sogdica. 64, lln66 

95 "yrt'k S ouA^io^ 
ayar(te) ? (Y* 1 ) ^yrtqy*, >y>xc 

radiant, splendid 

S W, C2 pl49, 27; *r>r, Hen. JRAS 1944, 144n3 ; 
Mack. AI 1985 422, 424 n4 

96 »yrtystr M ji>\>*Kj^ 
ayartistar ? ©superl. *Y y rt 

most fertile, richest 

GMS 656, 1289; Sogdica. 29.6.30 

97 "y^r- S, C uJb>T<u^^> 
ayasSar ©<**Yst-d } r- ©trans, pret. =» Yz-> 

*yst-\ ^sd'r- 
(to)begin 
STii p574 ; Frag. Len. *Y (>) sS>r 

98 "yst- 1 M, S 0*>£j> 
avast (Yst-) ©pt. st. =>Yz- } Yst-, 'ysS'r- 
(to)begin 

BBB; W-Li, ii ; GMS 865; Frag. Len. ; KG pl77 ; 
MSP b47 ; »rj/-, MSP b5, b47, bl36 

99 »yst-> S ^-^ 
axast ©pt. st. =^*xst- 

(ro)rise 

STi 86.17, >Y } st- 

100 "yt- 1 (Oj* j~t j*)ojJ 
ayat Cyt-) ©<*a-gata ©intrans. v.; pt. st. 

=**ys- 
(to)come 
GMS 603; AVS 139 

101 »Yt-' o>jf\ 
ayat ©<*a-gata ©trans, v^ pt. st. ^■pr-, 

'yd'r- 



?) k>ptc(h) 



(to)bring 

GMS 603; AVS 139 

102 "y^k 1 B <^7 
ayate (*yVy, 'ytk 1 ) ©intrans. v. ; pp. =^»yt- 1 
came 

TSP; SCE 

103 Vk J B (u^>^-j^jjT 
ayate ('ytk 2 ) ©PP*; trans, v. 

brought 
TSP; SCE 

104 "yt'y B =* 'yt* 1 

105 "ytk 1 =» 'yt'k 1 

106 »ytk 2 =» *yVk 7 

107 M ywnd- M lUU^j4 <UJsiji 

ayund ©<*a-gunt; Sgaud- ©impf. m y Ywnd 

=^ywnt-, *Y wst -> *Y >W $ 
(to)cover, (ro)dress 
GMS 601, 807; Gharib. AI 4.249 

108 »ywnt- B, C Oxli^ioJ^ji 
ayund ©impf. nVywnt =»»ywnd- 

(to)cover, (fo)dress 

BSTBL, Dhy. 16 ; STi 16.8; Gharib. AI 4249 

109 »ywst S => »ywstk 

110 w ywst- M d^x 
ayust ©<*a-gusta ©pt. st. =^ywnt-, *ywstyh 
(to)cover, (ro)dress 

Gharib. AI 4.249 

111 "ywstk B o^ t^J\ 
ayuste (*ywst) ©Parth. >gwd, } gwst\ MP } gwh- 
dirty, defiled 

Hen. AION 1965, 32.6; BSTBL, Dhy. 397; >rwst, 
MSP, p39, b85 

112 "ywstyh M 
ayuste ©inf. =4»ywst- 
covering 
GMS 931 

113 M ywyr B 
axwer =»*xwyr-, >xwyr 
stable 
VJ 17 b 

114 "ywyr- B (? jx^ 
axwer ? 
(to /zave)indigestion ? 
TSP n p216, 8.124 

115 »y W yr>kh B ? <w>U^ 
axwerak ? axwere ? 



LT*"*, 



JJ^I 



jiSjJ IJ£)S j^i-b *^aAt y 



indigestion ? 
TSP 8.126 

116 »ywyrpt S ? jU-.0lj^? J VU JJ >.T o >T^ 
axwerpat 

chief of stable 

MDii B-9 V4 ; Gersh. TPS 1969, 170-9, "the 
chief of table" 

117 »Yy8- M o^Jj^y^^y- 
aye5 ©impf. m y TyS =**Y y y5- 

(ro)wish, (ro)demand. 
BBBa 11 p99 ; GMS653 

118 »Yy8 } k =» YyS* 

119 "yyrn'y =# % y } ytn y k 

120 "j'wny M =» >jwn 

121 "j'wwny M =* >jwn 

122 »jt- =* »jyt- 

123 w jty M 53lj<jJ>> 
az(i)te (*zytk, *jytyy) ©pp. pi. -h ob. pi. ~ty 
born 

GMS 27, 860; Hen. BSOAS 11, 68.17 

124 w jwn M xjj<>yry> 
azon ©pi. -d =^jwn, *zwn, I z > wnh 

being, child 

GMS 5, 66, Tales. 470.59; W-Li 

125 "jy- M Q>\}idMjJyj> 
azay ('jy myry) ©Av. zaya-% *azaya- ©impf. 

m >j y ^»jyt-, »z>y- 
Go)be born 
GMS 124, 570, 182 n 1 

126 }, jy myry => *jy-, myry 

127 »jyt- M o>\}idJ^j* 
az(i)t ( B zyt-, »jt-) ©pt. st. ^»jy-, "zH-, »z J yt- 
(to)bz born 

BBB b38 ; GMS 27 

128 »jytyy =# »jty 

129 »k B 
ak ©OP yaka 
(name of a)tree, oak ? 

TSP 7.8 n 210; Gersh. BSOAS 19.317 

130 *»k , pt» ^ »kmb- 

131 "k'pt'k B c~.ljU.gr 
akapde ©pp. =»*kmb- 

crooked, not straight 

TSP 6.190, 10.23 

132 "k'ptcdi) B gT 



(^)o^-jj (U 



"kVy 



akafc ©f. pp. =»»k>pt>k 

crooked 

BSTBL, Vim. 3, 17, 128 

133 "k'c'y B "yrtlhh 
akac(e) (»k»cyy) =»»k>c(h) 

space, void 

BSTBL, Vim. 30; Padm. 25; Dhy. 124, 152, 177, 
248, 356; TSP 2.585, 16.32; VJ 1233 

134 »k } c(h) B ^<U* 
akac (»k>cyy) ©<Skt. akasa ^»k'c>y 

space, void 

TSP; VJ ; BSTBL, »jk>cw, Dhu. 178; Gersh. Sogd. 
Cpds. 1945, 142 i ; -yk ?, Dhy. 217 

135 »k J cyy M -> »k>c(h) 

136 "k'rtk B ^jl^ 

akarte (»krtk) 

sword 

SCE 224, 241, 207; EGSii 167 

137 »k } wc- B ^_jT 
akoc Okwyc, *kwc-) ©Khwar. } kwcy 

=^ B kwyt-, >qwc-, *qwc- 
(fo)hang 
TSP 3248, 6.107, 125; BSTBL, Dhu. 272; GMS 

634; AVS 120 

138 »k»ys- B o^/^^o-^Oj^e 
akes ©<*a-kars 

(to)pull out 

GMS 343; TSP 2.851 n pl80 

139 "k'ys'k B OJ^^T^ 
akesak, akese ? (»ks>k, ks>k) =*»p>rP 

hook, pulling instrument 
Hen. Texts. 734; TSP 2.851, 850 

140 w kmb- M (uj^^u^v^^'O^O* 1 
akamb (*>k>pt-) ©Parth. nyhynj ^M^pt'k, 

nk'np-, pk } np- 
0o)suppress,(ro)curb, (to)restrain 
Sogdica. 43.9, 44 

141 »kn- M Oxfl&J'^ 
- akan Okn-) ©impf. rrHkn 

(refill 
GMS 475 

142 »krtk =* »k'rtk 

143 »ks»k => »k ) ys > k 

144 "kwc- =» ^k'wc- 

145 »qwc- M cr*iJ 
akoc ©impf. m y qwc ^k'wc- 



(fo)hang 
GMS 634 

146 »kwyt- B j^_f\ 
akuyd ©Parth. >gwxt ©pt. st. -^k'wc- 
OcOhang 

GMS 858; MDii pl91 

147 "kwyty B O^jT^jT 
akuyde (*qwytyy) ©pp. 

suspended 

SCE 392; GMS 858; *kwYtu MDii "weight" ? 

148 "qwytyy M =^ "kwyty 

149 »kwyc- B ^jT 
akwec ? ^k'wc- 

(ro)hang, (ro)suspend 
TSP 3.200, 239 n pl98 

150 "m'k =» >myk 

151 "m'n B o>*S<j^j 
aman ? ©Av. a-ma 

power 
. BSTBL, Vim. 140; VJ n p92.222 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 
137 

152 »m ) r5 B JUa^>»I^a 
amarO/5 ®<*ham-ar9a\ Pahl. hamahl 
companion 

GMS 1034; Hen. Texts. 726; pi. >m } r6t y TSP 
3.106; ob. pi. >m } rd>yty, TSP 15.27 n pl94 

153 "mWn B, S ^l 
amarGan (^m'rS'yty, 'mrSHi) ©gen. pi. 
together 

GMS 1034; TSP 2.726, 5.87, 9.15 etc.; Vim. 12ft, 
BSTBL; SCE 481; Frag. Len. 38.25, 81.8; STii 
574, 8.6; >mrd% TSP 5.6 

154 "mWyty =* »m , r5 > n 

155 'Wre -» >mr8 

156 "m't'k B ^U-^U 
amate (»m > t > y, 'm'tk, »mty(y)) ©<*a-ma-taka 

=^ B mtyc, Wty 
ready, prepared 
GMS 14, 121 ; TSP 3.221, 7.137; SCE 520 

157 "mVy ^ Wt'k 

158 "m'tk ** »m>t>k 

159 "nVty'kh B cte><c^j 
amtyak ('mty'kh) 

ornament, mark 

TSP 8.197 n p219 ; Vim. 87, BSTBL 



»n>y- 



160 M m'ty(y) M <oU7 
amate ^"m't'k, »mtyc 

ready 

GMS 14, 121; Hen. Tales. 481.56 

161 "m'yk B, S (^7 :J^S)J^~\ ic^y*iJ>jT\ 
amik ( f myk, B myq) 

dirt, mixture 

TSP 2.31, 5.10 n pl69 ; GMS 5 ; MSP b 87, e5 ; 

*/w ()> y*w, MSr b84, b91 ; S W, C2 n p97.4 

"impurity" 

162 »m6>k B <c~J ^j* ft) ^ <£\ 
am(a)5ak ©Skt. amalaka (phala) 

Emblic Myrobalan(/!<2W£ of a tree) 
TSP 10.3; apud. Yoshida. SI 1984, 149 

163 »m kS'r'k B J^^jj^ 
am-ka5are ? ©Skt. ama 

diarrhoea 
TSP 2.35 

164 M mng M, C cJUfe^^fj 
amang 

truth 

GMS 1014; BBB 614 ; STii 5.19, 23; STi 81.13 

165 *mnkcyk C tajfe-i^sJj* 
amangcik 

truely 

STi 87.22, 86.7; EGSii 97 

166 "mrS 1 !! *> "m'rS'n 

167 »ms- M,S 

am(o)s ? ©impf. rrims ^'ms- 

(to)plough 

GMS 634 

168 "ms' M,C 

amsa ©ob. -yy ^ms* 
obedience, attention 

GMS 973, 1265; BBB 687; STii 4.37; WJfcr "to 
observe" Benv. J A 1951, 118; BSL 53 p57f 

169 "ms* frm'y- M o^4y 
amsa-framay 

(fo)take care 

Sund. Man. Lett. 310.17; Frag. Len. 37.18 

170 "ms'k S ? u-> <a*s&a 
amsak ? ©<*hama-sahaka- t Pahl. hmys^k 

list? 

MDii pl49, 4 

171 "mt'yc B, S ** »mtyc 

172 Wycyh B ** •mtycy* 



cPJf^* 



*r y i<j J>j^*j* 



173 »mty > kh ^ f m>ty>kh 

174 M mtyc B, M, S j^jtcJj 
amtic (•mt'yc) 

truth, true 

BSTBL; TSP; STii; GMS 1011; Frag. Len. ; Anc. 
Lett. 2.28; pi. *miycu KG 549 

175 "mtycw B, S {^j^ij^Ija, 
amticu Omt'yc) ©adv. ace. ^mtycy* 

truely 

KG pl77 ; BSTBL, Vaj. 8 

176 "mtycy* M cJJ^^Ij 
amticya (*mt > ycyh) 

truth 

TSP 10.15; BBB 614 

177 »mty(y) M -* »m>t>k 

178 »myk M -» »m>yk 

179 »myq C =» »m>yk 

180 »my(k) M,S -jVUciUT 
amik 

dirt 

GMS 5 ; Sogdica. p56 y2S, 58n ; S W, C2, 97.4 

181 "mynyy M jU^lr 
amine ©Av. hamina% Pahl. hamin 

summer 

GMS 4, 397; Hen. Tales. 481.41; W-Lii 547.8; 
BBB 

182 "myty M .kJ^ i^J\ i<^J\ 
amlte Omt'y) ©Av. Smi =»*my(k) 

mixed, dirty 

BBB b30; S W, C2 p97.4 

183 w n S ((j--^-^ ifUtiljjU- jl (J ^j fk)uT 
an 

An(a Sogdian family name) 

Hen. BSOAS 11.736, 12.603 n 2; Sogdica. 59 

184 Vnt^ B (Ujoh/fr jJL f b)\xi\ 
Ananda 

VJ ; SCE ; BSTBL 

185 *nH(i) B jwlj.SuiT 
anat ©Khot. anata 

perfectly, clearly 

TSP 6.109, 10.11, Vf; BSTBL; S W, C2 n p55.10; 
Bailey. Prolexis. 95 

186 Vy- B, M o>^.^J^^j 
anay (*ny-) ©<*a-nay- ©impf. rriny ^*ny-\ 

»nyt- 
0o)lead, (ro)carry 



tt» 



j*Aj tLoJjiilj 



(iSJ^ fi)t\i 



»p> y -, 'p'ty 




GMS 569; EGSii 18, 58 ; VJ ; BBB 100; AVS 94 

187 »ny- =* , n , y- 

188 w nyny(y) M 
anayne, anene ©pres. part. =»*ny 
leader 
GMS 895; VJ ; BBB 100 

189 »nyt- M 
anlt ©pt. st. ^nyd'r-, 'n'y- 
0c)lead 

GMS 537, 883 ; AVS 94 

190 »p B, M, C ( 0yA ^> Jjt )j\ 
ap (»ph) ©f. ; ace. -wh; ob. -y(hh ob. pi. ~ty 

-^b, >p 
water 
GMS 1228 

191 »p M p r >y B 
ap-aPare 
dropsical 
SCE415-, GMS 1134 

192 »p»t B, M 
apat (»p»t) ©<*a-pata 
watched, prosperous 

TSP 2.157, 775; Hen. BSOAS 12.307.22; STii 10.6, 
54 

193 »p»t V* B 

apat-apat (»p } t *p } t) 

good, bravo 

BSTBL; TSP; EGSii 179 

194 »p»y B Sj> 
Spay =**p'y- 
consideration, perception 
Dhu. 159, BSTBL; BBB alO; TSP 6.41, 23.2 

195 Vnc M •U- ffA siA <l jU 
apanc, apanc *=»*b*nc, *p } nz 
Aban, eighth month of the year 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 152.22, 153.10, -m>xyy 



Aban, eighth month of the year 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 151.5 

199 »p>rs- B,S crJ^z-^jv 
apos, aprs (>prs-) ^ps- 1 , >prs- 
(/<?)ask for leave 

VJ ; GMS 138, 145; MDii; Frag. Len. 

200 »p>rs S ^ yi ^>, 
aprs 

farewell 

Gersh. Advice. 94; MDii; Frye 22 

201 w p>t =* *P*t 

202 yt »p»t =» "p»t »p»t 

203 »p>y- B.M.S ^^ ^) &fSj> <ojuA,< 

apay Op'y-) ©<*a-paya- y Spa ©impf. 

0o)watch, 0o)consider 
GMS 634; AVS 91 

204 »p>y y>w B J\$ 
api/e-yaw 

water-buffalo 
SCE 364; EGSii 99 

205 Vync(h) B 

apene ©f. ^p'ync r>Ph 

aquatic 

TSP 8.108 

206 M p>ync r'ph B (<sJ"*fr)^f\J 
apene (*pync r^h) -^ynclh) 
dropsical 

TSP 7.62 n p212 

207 M pcyh B v 
apci 

(o/)water 
TSP 19.16 

208 M ph B, S =$ »p 

209 »pkyn B 
apken 
crystal 

TSP 6.15, 152 

210 »pkyn>k B ^_<^W 
apkene ('pkyny(y)) ©<*apaka- =»»pkyn 
(o/)crystal 

TSP 6.27 etc.; BSTBL, Dhy. 362 ; GMS 1005, 

211 »pkyn»y B ^ 
apkene ^>*pkyn*k 

G?/)crystal 



"r'yS(-) 



t^jjh <<C->o I 



0^— «— ' 1 i^rf f iJCjU<^»l 



C*' 



TSP 6.2, 11, 31 

212 "pkynch B 
apkenc ©f. adj. 
(o/)crystal 
BSTBL, Dhy. 207 

213 »pkyny(y) M => »pkyn>k 

214 "pm'nwk M 
ap-manuk 
water-like 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 143 b ; BBB 721 

215 M pny M 
apne 
(o/)watcr 

S W, BSOAS 1981, 236 : 

216 "prs- => "p'rs- 

217 w prw5 B -oti-jjj 
river ? 

Frag. Len. 29.11, -y 

218 »pry(h) S v> ^,< >0 p 
afri ? ^pry- 
dear 

MDii p21.R9 n p30 

219 M pryn- B o^/j-U-O^- 
afrin ©<*d-frina-\ A v. a-fray- ^*(3ryn-, 

*fryn- 
(za)praisc 
VJ ; GMS 579; AVS 97 

220 »pryw S 
afry(u) ? ©<*a-friya 
blessing 

Anc. Lett. 1, 1, 2, 27 ; Bailey. Asica. 

221 »prywn B, S *jj><J->J*>*<jlJ'i 
afriwan =»*Prywn, 8 frywn 

praise, blessing 

VJ 1198; TSP 8.201; BSTBL, Dhy. 169, 242; Anc. 
Lett. 5.1, 7.1 

222 M pskr } k S ^jjl^jlMi ^ j 
apas-kare ®<* , /w-Jfcr>fc <*dpa6ra- 

chief of guards 
MDiii p89 

223 "Pty S ^ ^^_ 
apate 

protected 

MDii; Gersh. Advice. 92 

224 "pwfrwc S (^V^>-^ JjjOjjOW 
ab/Pux roc (»pwx) ©Av. apo-vayuhis =»*bwx 



i j_j\ «jjj 



L?^ 1 \ji' 



j^u <v 7jUT 



*^j^(^) 



jJLioX^Uj iJj^eLu 



rwc 

Aban, tenth day of the month 
GMS 237, 305, 905 

225 "pwx M =*» "pwy'rwc 

226 M pyk M 
apik =* } pyk 
aquatic 
GMS 994; BBB 512 

227 »pync r'ph => 9 p } ync r'Ph 

228 "pznp'k B 
ap-zamb(e) ( s pznph) 
waterside 

TSP 3.125 n pl95 ; VJ 64 ; Hen. Tales. 483.8, 9.19 

229 "pznph B, S => »pznp>k 

230 Vp B 
arap 

{name of an)illncss, glow 
TSP 2.276; Hen. Texts. 718 

231 Vys- B 
araxs ©*d-raxsa =»Vyt- 
GcOrcly on, OcOtake refuge with 
BSTBL, Dhy. 186; TSP 6.21, 7.81, 9.125 

Pcrikhanian, SI 1988, 138 

232 Vys'k B „l, 
araxsc ("rys'y, "r'ys^) ^"r'ys- 
support, refuge 
BSTBL, Dhy. 84 ; TSP 6.103, n p202 

233 Vys'y ** 'r'ys'k 

234 Vyt- S, M 
arayd ©*a-rak- ©pt. st. 
(fo)support 

Sund. KG 177; S W, Apd. 3.2, 2 pl96 ; 
Perikhanian, SI 1988, 138 

235 Vyty S .jiio-L^ 
arayde ©pp. 

supported 

KG 456; pi. -/, Sund. n pl77 ; S W, pl96 

236 Vk B O)*^ 
arak, are 

mad 

TSP 2.37 n pl69 ; SCE 407; Bailey. BSOAS 1961, 

474 

237 Vnj =» *r } ync, >rync 

238 VyS(-) B <^7<,v^T 
areG ©SraiQ\ Av. raeOva 
GcOmix, mixture 



;^' 



U^.-^-i iO^L*^*- 



i 5 C^ta-S'- 



Vync 



10 



3) 

i 



Hen. BBB; Bcnv. TSP 2.774 n pl79 

239 Vync B, M (J> J^b)^*^ <J.j 

arenc, arinc Orynj, *r>nj) ©<*ara6nika\ A v. 

ardOna\ OP jr^an 
cubit(<3 unit of length) 
GMS 247, 300; BSTBL, Padm. 39 



tj\5^i i j^oii 



±~tj 'L JJi 



^j>*^ (fk) 



• ^ ^jj 



O^^^ « J^ ( \J?* 



240 »r5 , r B 

ar5ar 

place, field 
TSP 9.10 

241 "rvs'y *± »r>ys>k 

242 J, rp>r B 
arpar 
deception 
SCE 471 n p41 

243 »rr , np> B 
aranpa ? 

(name of a)mcdical plant 
TSP 20, 2, 5 

244 »rt rwc S 
art roc, as roc ( } s) ^rlt rwc 
ninth day of the month 
MDiii 

245 "rwyt- M 
aruyd ©pt. st. =»»rwxs- 
(ro)dcsirc, Ga)be greedy 

GMS 539; Bailey. Prolexis. 313; AVS 138 

246 »rw Y tky> M (ol^/rj^/F,^^ 
aruydakya ^rwytqy* 

greed 

Hen. Sogdica. 46, 47, LW 103fn ; BBB 566 

247 »r\vxs M -^J^O T * 
aruxs ©pi.-/ 

greed, desire 

BBB 566; GMS 539, 957 

248 M rwxs- M o^J^jT^b^^ 
aruxs ©iSrauk; Khot. rrauta; Skt. rue- 

=**rwyt- 
(to)bt greedy 
BBB 

249 M s B 

as ©inf. ->y, ->/ 

taking 

BSTBL, Vim. 204; TSP 14.11 

250 " s - B > M * S (<^>^W 

as (Vt-) ®<*d-yasa- y Syam =» 5 yt-, > s- 



*/, 



^> lT > 



U 



Oo)takc 

GMS 129, 539, 638; AVS 71 n 1 

251 Vk B 
asak (»s'nk) ©ob. pi. -fy 
numberless 
TSP n p233, 20.16 

252 Vyt- B 
asayd ©pt. st. ^s'c- 
(to)bc compatible 
Benv, Notesii 223 

253 Vytk B (*u£F :J^*)j&.jL,<jf jU<^ L> 
asaydc ©pp. 

fitting, compatible 

Hen. LW 103 ; TSP n p233, 20.3, 20.16, ob. pi. 

254 Vky B ^tjwjlfjU 
asakc ©<v^*sak- =>*s>ytk 

suitable, compatible 
TSPn p2 16, 8.139, 140 

255 »s»nk °± *s»k 

256 Vt- B =» »s- 

257 Vwys- B ojl^J*^l* i^^ 
asuxs (*swyt-) 

(to)bc burned, (to)bo consumed 
TSP 2.530-, BSTBL, Vim. 117 

258 "s'wk* B ^7 
asuk ( s swk) ©<*dsuka-, Av. asu\ Pahl. ahug 
gazelle 

SCE 151, 354;GMS976n 978 

259 »s»wr B Vj^Oh^ 
asOr (*swr) ©<Skt, asura ©pi. -t\ ob. pi. -/y, 

- } n =^swr } 
Asura 
STii 8.6; BSTBL, Padm. 3; TSP 22.19 

260 "s'ym'nSy B o>; 

asemande =^ s s- 
possession 
STii 8.2 p574 

261 »sp'nh ? S ? J>i&<JX 
aspon ? ( B sprnh) ©Av. aspdrdnah ^'nspmh ? 
repay 

MDii; Gersh. Advice. 91 

262 "sprnh S =► »sp>nh ? 

263 "stWyh B ^f jljL *oL? ^jIj; 
astanya ? (*stnyh, "st^yh, s stn J yh) 
permanence 

TSP; BSTBL, Vim. 119 



11 



»trh 



$ 
$ 



264 "st'nyh *± 'st'n'yh 

265 »stn l y B ^*a 
astanc ? ('stny(y)) 

permanent 

GMS 969; "surely", VJ 231; TSP 6.155; S W, 
BSOAS 1983, 42, "original" 

266 "stn'yh =» »st»n>yh 

267 "stn'yk B oU^,;,. rtl ^ ; ijL : L 
astanik 

permanent 

TSP 2.1184,6.93, 155 

268 "stny'kCh) S piar^jUUoU 
astanya(k) ^'pw "stny'kh 

permanence 

GMS 969; Frag. Lcn. 88.5, *stnk? 

269 "stnyh =» , st , n»y-h 

270 »stny(y) M =* »stn>y 

271 * M stw- -> *stw , t- 

272 »stw»t- S jj.j/ij.j^ j,j *,) 
ast(u)wat ©pt. st. 

OcObc converted 

GMS 537, 575, 877 n 2 ; trans, prct. 'j/w'dV, KG 
pl77, 588; AVS81 

273 "swyt- => 's'wys- 

274 *»swytk B (.juiTrj^J.^,^^ 
asuydc ©pp. 

burned 
Hen. LW 103 

275 » S wk ** *s»wk> 

276 "swr =» 's'wr 

277 "swr'n =» "s'wr 

278 »S»k(w) B j^S^ 
ase ('s'y) ©Av. atrya <*a0raka 

ashes 

TSP 7.143, 14.ii, n p214; BSTBL, Padm. 56; GMS 
299 

279 »s , m- B &jijj <oJ*>&i 
asam ©Av. sam~ 

(to)drink, (ro)swallow 
TSP 2.461 pi 75 

280 »s , m , kk S eXj JL 
asame/ak 

swallowing 
Sund. MHC p25 

281 »s'y =» »s>k(w) 



282 »s8scyy => »58yscyy 

283 "sSyscyy M *U ^a jjj 
as-5isci (*s5scyy) =>5scy(y) 

eighth day of the month 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 151.15 n pl52 

284 "sych »ph S JjJ^J^Ji 
asaxc-ap ? ©f. adj. ^'sync-, *>syt- 
waterfalls, flowing water 

TSP 3.126 n p!96 ; Hen. Texts. 726; GMS 600, 
634 

285 * M syt- jjlSV 
asayd ©pt. st. =»*sync-, *sych *ph 

Go)pour 
GMS 600 

286 »s rwc(yy) M (Ji:^^)^^ JJfJ 
as roc On 3 ) ©<*a0r =» J rtl rwc 

ninth day of the month 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.4; GMS 299; Hen. 
Oricntalia. 8, 1939,91 n 2 

287 "sync- M (oj±^)JJ^<(^)j**ij 
asenc ©Shaih Av. hack ©impf. m y sync 

^*sych *ph 

(fo)pour 

GMS 600, 634; Bailey. Prolcxis. 417; AVS 123 

288 »t jiiU 
at ©<ahat ©3sg. prcs. subj. of ah- ^Wt, 'sty 1 
may be 

SCE 186; GMS 767 

289 »t*r => n»rh 

290 »t*rh (J>>>^jj)j^<>-7 
atar (Hr, "t'r, Mrh) ©ob. -y =^tr 

fire 

GMS 4, 943; TSP; SCE 78, 168; BSTBL; BBB ; 
MSP; STii 4.27 

291 »tp>k B u/ 
atpak ©<*a-tdpaka-, Av. a-tapaite =»>ntp 
heat ? 

S W, IIJ 1976, 69, Frag. 24.1; C2 pl77.18 

292 »tr =» 't'rh 

293 »tr »wst- M (o*U j^ h Jz1)qjXx jS\ 
atar ost 

(rc)extinguish, (fo)lay a fire 
Sund. Man. Lett. 305.23, 313 

294 »trh ** n J rh 



"trn'y 



>v 



12 



Oij j( 'tr-'" 



' a-" 



I I 



ei-r" ^J3- t r J ' 



U^"' L?^^. 



/ 



u^ 1 



295 »trn»y M 
atarne 
(o/)fire 
S W, BSOAS 1981,236 

296 w tr swyt- B 
atar-suyd 
GcOburn with fire 
Bcnv. TSP 7.138 n p2l3 

297 H tr swk B 
atar-sok -^trswcy, } tr swq 
fire 
TSP 9.29 

298 "tnvrtn B * 
atar-wartan Ontrwrtn) 
fire chariot 
SCE 243 

299 »tr xwrndy(y) M 
atar-xurande ©Parth. ddur xwarendag 
swallowing fire 

BBB bl5, b94 

300 »try swc»y 8ynh S (^U ^ Oiy*)oijsJ J^ 
atarc-socc-Scn =>6ynh 

glowing fire(Af ani's teaching) 

Karab. Insc. 17.11, 25; Bcnv. Notcsiii 223 

301 »ty(y) M j 
at =>>rty\ 't 1 

and 
GMS 76 

302 »w'YS B Voyri^^-c^r 
awaxs (*w > xs, Wys) 

side, now ? 

BSTBL, Dhy. 223; Dhu. 229 n p47.229 ; TSP 3.298; 
MSP p39-40 

303 "w'ndi) ? =» "w'zh 

304 »w'rkpt ? =* »w } zypt ? 

305 »w>rt- B jtfjltftfj 
awart (*wrt-) ©inf. - } y 

(w)return 

TSP 6.47; BSTBL, Dhu. 119; AVS 111 

306 »wVk B o^'J^ 
awate ©<*d-wd 

empty, lifeless 

BSTBL, Dhy. 279 ; Benv. Notesii 235; TSP 14.23 

307 "w'xs S =* *w , ys 

308 Vzh B (utj^^k^'^&J <*j 



awaz, awazc ? ( s w'n(h) ?) ^wz'k 
pool, lake 

TSP 9.30; GMS 1056A; Bailey. Asica. 4; S W, 
BSOAS 1983, 46, »w>nh 

309 »w»zypt ? S ^/>'^^'^ 
awazypat ? ("w'rkpt) 

water super intendent ?, statistician ? 
MDii p71, 5 n p72 

310 "wSnVndt M J^yh^Uyb 
au-Sman-d, awSman- ©<*hdmd-dmdna ©pi. 
having the same house, housemate 

BBB 540; GMS 351, 466 n 1 

311 w wY v ny S, M Jj^^a^U-^ 
auxane, aw-xanc ©pi. -t =>*wx J ny 

having the same house, housemate 
Hen. Talcs. 485.1 

312 M wYwn S *S\jU>- <jujU 
oyon ? auyon ? 

as so 
MSP bl74 

313 "wkrsnyy M (\Sy^ \S ljs> ~ fty*^- 0>^ 
awkarsne ('wqrsny(yXh)) ^'wqrsn'wt 
Column of Splendor (a Manichean god) 

BBB 540.3-, GMS 7, 351 

314 "wqrsnyCyKh) => 'wkrsnyy 

315 "wm'n'k B Js^iJ^ 
aw-manc, omane ©<*hdmd~mdnaka ^'wm'n 
unanimously 

GMS 351; TSP 2.266 n pl72 

316 "vvm'nty'kh ksJ^^^j^ 
aumantya(k), aw-mandyak 

unanimity 
KG p!77 

317 "wmr'z M, S jjk laJ ^isJt 
aumraz, aw-maraz ©pi. -/; pi. ob. -ty 

^'wmr'z'nc ? 
helper 
BBB 540.1; GMS 351; Hen. BSOAS 11.68; KG 

556 ; MSP bl66 

318 "wptpyw B 4,1^ 
aw-patPyu 

equally honoured 
TSP 2.1137 

319 "wr'Sk S ^...^af^** 
aw/u-ra6e ©<*hamd-ra0aka ^wr'Gy 
companion 

MDii 78, 18 n p87 



13 



yps- 



jUoJ 



'J&, 



320 H wrt- =» s w>rt- 

321 H wrt nwrtyy M c~if^joij 
awart-niwartc =*»w>rt-, *wrt nwrtyy 

go to and fro, going and returning 
GMS 902, 410 n 1, 1638; Tales. 473.2 

322 "wsywn'k =* 'wsxwn'y 

323 "wsxwn'y S c-^o^ < J*^?* 
aw-saxwanc, o-saxune ? ('wsywn'k) ©pi. -/ 
interlocutor {one with whom one talkes) 

GMS 351; BBB 540.2 p67 ; KG 473 

324 M wt S ^U^UoL-J 
awat ? =>>wt 

hope, trust, faith z 

STSC, Psalter. 132.21 

325 M wth S 
awat 
faith 
Sund. MHC p32.8 

326 "ww'S'k B 
aw-waSc, owa8c 
having the same place 
TSP 2.1137, 1195 f; GMS 351 

327 »wx'ny M 
aw-xanc ©<*hamd-xdnak =>*wY'ny 
cohabitantG/iarmg house) 

GMS 351; Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 144.1 

328 »wy»r B \y.> o> 
aw-yar ©<*hdmo-ydr 

suitorione with whom one has a quarrel) 
TSP 3.58 n pl94 ; GMS 351 

329 "wystk B -uiiT^Uiji 
awiste 

confused 

Vim. 148 n p24, BSTBL; S W, C2 p 149.21 

330 »wz»k B kjty^tjuj^ 
owaze, awaze (*wzyy, Wnh) =^*w } zh 

pond, lake 

Sogdica. 51.3; Tales. 471.8 n % SCE 146 n p36 

331 "wzn'k S ?. 
awzank ? 
copy, document ? 
MDii p73.10n74 



-A <U-*A 



Jj^i-a <<;U-*a 



332 "wzryy ? M 
ozare ? 
flank ? 
Hen. Tales. 473.45 



-L^ojUS" 



333 "wzyy M =» 'wz'k 

334 Vs M, S (u^^'y^'j^*^ 
axas ©= MP y rdyq ©pi. -t ^'y'ns, 'x's 

fight, dispute 

BBB 755 f69 ; GMS 5, 659 ; Sogdica. 27.27; KG 
617 

335 Vskr'ky'kh i^i^jS^r 
axaskar(e)yak 

battle 

Sund. MHC p27 

336 Vsqrky* M ^yr*^ '^yr*^- 
axaskarakya ©dxes+kdra-, = MP } rdykryh 
fighting 

Sogdica. 27.28; Perikhanian, SI 1988, I33n5 

337 Vsqryy M yrJ^O^ 
axas-kare ©pi. -t 

soldier, fighter 
GMS 1122 

338 Vsryjy M (^jL-)^Jc^o^ 
axas-rczc ©= MP hdyqr 

warrior, soldier 
Sogdica. 27.23 

339 »x»sw ) 8y M Jjj£*S*-olJ* 
axas-wa5c ©= MP } rdygc } r 

battle field 

Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 144.2; Sogdica. 22-7 

340 "xwskyy M >jj><^J*y- 
axwase ? ©= MP erkas 

greeting 

Sogdica. 21 bl5, 22nl5 ; cf, >xwsyc, apud. S W, 
C2 n p95.6 

341 "xwyr- M O-^'-k- to-^hy*- 
axwer =*xwyr- 

Go)feed 

GMS 226, 542, 733 

342 y Aj! 

ay ©3sg. impf. a/i- =4*ynt, >sty\ y>y, y- 

was 

GMS 401, 766; AVS 225 

343 M y 2 S oUj «>_»> <ol« 
ay =**yh, > y 1 

interval, period 

Hen. Tales. 476.7 ; EGSii 177n 1 

344 M y>ps- B CjJ^/ ^jy^^tj 
ayafs (*y(3s-) ^ynp-, VPt-, »yfs- 

(to)gzt lost, (ro)be deceived 



ypt- 



14 



BSTBL, Dhy. 241; TSP 7.165; SW,C2n pl63 ; 
AVS 74 

345 »y'pt- B j^^y^ol/ 
ayaPd/t ©pt. St. =^»y , np-, y|3s-, s >^ s - 
Oo)gct lost, (fcOcrr 

Frag. Lcn. 68.13; S W, BSOAS 1981, 238; AVS 
74, 107 

346 »y ) pt , k B, S («ji*/:J^j)juv<^j^<^ 
aya(3dc OyPtyy, yptk) ©pp.; pi. »y } fit y yt 

=»Yf3tch, 'ybty 
false, perverted, heretical 
TSP 9.111; BSTBL, Dhy. 158, 234; Intox. 22; SCE 

434; GMS 164; KG 582; Sogdica. 16, 11; C2 

pl63 ; Hen. L W 103 



347 YPtch B 




*Jv* *v',/^" **^-"^ 


ayafc ®f. =»ypt>k : 






perverted, debauched 






SCE 434; AVS 74, 107 






348 yptk =» ypt'k 






349 y m - 




o>\* Jb\ *cP^P r^" 


ayam Oym-) =*yms-, "y 


mt-, 


'y'm- 



^btjf <ott 



1 <^Ji 



(ro)ftnish 

BSTBL, Vim. 182; AVS 74 

350 »y» m B, S 
ayam =^ J pw Y m 
end 
TSP; SCE 513; BSTBL, Vim. 116; MSP bl95 

351 ymbn ^ Y m P n 

352 »y»mcyk S 
ayamcik 

the last, final 
MSP b200, -w 

353 Ympn M jUjl^^j^jJc^-b^Ui 
ayamban (ymbn, ynpn) ©ob. ~yh =>ynp-, 

Ynpnmyc, »ymbn 
heresy, perversion, change 
GMS 877 n 2; KG 587 

354 Yms- B ^LOLI «oJii-fU- 
ayams ©impf. rtfyms ^'yms- 

(to)be finished 
BSTBL, Dhu. 289 

355 Vmt- B j^u 
ayamt Oy'mt-) ©pt. st. *=*ym- 

(ro)finish, (to)bc finished 

TSP 6.80 ; BSTBL, Vim. 182; AVS 74 

356 Ynp- B jAb^ t j<o*J'*->IJ- 



J\f*JSj 



if <jbJl 



oijj^fA*! i Cr aZ - 



il 



Ywz-\ } ywst- 



il 



ayamb (ymp-) =^ypt>k, ympn, 'ymp- 
(ro)pervert, (/o)scduce, 0c)deceive 
EGSii 17; GMS 602; SCE 130; AVS 74, 107 

357 Ynpn S => Ympn 

358 ynpnmyc S 
ayamban-mcc 
heretical 
KG 632 

359 Ynpnyh S, M 
ayanpan(ya) =>ympn 
heresy 
KG 587 

360 y wst- B, S 
ayust (*ywst-) ©pt. st. 
(fo)be confused, (to)bc disturbed 
VJ 1152; MSP; BSOAS 30, 508; AVS 135 

361 Vwst>k B, S ^ijU 
ayuste (ywst'y, *ywsty, *ywst } k) ©pi. -t 
troubled, tormented 

BSTBL, Dhu. 4 ; GMS 818A; S W, ilJ 1976, 50 ; 
MSP b 85 

362 y wst'y =» *y , wst , k 

363 ywz-' B o^/^pT 
ayoz (ywz- 1 ) ©<*d-yauzaya- ©trans, v. 
0c)causc trouble 

TSP 2.1045, 5.109; SCE 146, 268 ; BSTBL, Vim. 
154 n p24 ; AVS 135 

364 ywz- 1 B 
ayuz (*ywz-) ©<*a-yuzyd ©intrans. v. 

«*ywst- 
(to)bc troubled 
VJ 1196; TSP 6.14, 147; BSTBL, Dhy. 241; Dhu, 

168 n p24 

365 ywz-' =* ywz- 1 

366 ywz- 2 =*> ywz- 2 

367 ywzkr'k B J-'^* ( ^/vj 
ayozkare 
trouble-making 

SCE 445 

368 "yJJs- => YPs- 

369 »yptyy M => ypt'k 

370 »yc B,S (j^ ^^ j*)j*?j*^ 
ec OySc, >nycw) ©<*S*yc => s y5cw, 'yc 1 , 'y5c 
thing, something 
GMS 1572; *ycw, MDii; Frag. Lcn. 



15 



Vntn'my 



371 w y8 B 
c5 **»yc, »8c(w) 
something 

TSP 2.954 

372 "yScw S j^j»<j*>? 
ecu =>*Sc(w) 

something 
MDii 

373 »yfs- M &J* j~~ *oJ±J~& 
ayafs ©impf. rriyfs =>*y*Pt— , »y ) |3s- 

Oo)be changed, (to)bc perverted 

GMS 827, 653; Hen. Tales. 473.4 ; AVS 74, 107 

374 »yh B 



j-'-r^ 



ay ©<*ayw =>*y\ *y l 



l?-^ 1 *^>J*r 



life, age 

TSP 2.165, 5.76,6.19, 181 

375 "ykwncyq M, C 
ay/ikuncik =^ } yq\vncyq 
eternal 

GMS 1014; Hen. Talcs. 469, 27 ; BSOAS 11, 74.4; 
-w, JRAS 1944, 138.15 

376 »ykwn(w) B, M, S ^bjU^JbjU 
ay/ikun (»yyqwn) ©<*ay«-/:a-/xa; OP *ayuka; 

EI. A^ukka =»*ykwn(w), *yqwn 
eternity, eternal 
GMS 6, 423, 1031; Hen. BSOAS 12.307, 26; KG 

416; MDii; Frag. Len.; Gersh. Amber. 176; 

S W, MIS 1984, 206 

377 w ymbn M ^ju^Li 
ayamban =>*y >m Pn, 'ympn 

perversion, change 

GMS 43, 1026; Frag. Len. 77.7 

378 »ynt juy* 
ayand ©3pl. pres. =$*y\ 'sty 1 

were 

GMS 769, 772; VJ 28 b ; AVS 225 

379 » ys - B,S (u^^i-^JJuT 
ais, es Cys-) ®<*a-isa\Sai => B Yt-\ *ys- 
OcOcome, OcOarrive 

GMS 614; S W, MIS 1984, 206; AVS 139 

380 » y t-. B, S j>f 
ait, et ®<*a-yata\Syam- ®pt. st. =»»s-, *yt-, 

( yt- 

(fo)takc 

GMS 129 n 1, 765; *ytw6>r, VJ, 1227, 1365; TSP 
6.36 



381 »ytk S 
ete ©pp. 
taken 
MDii 



*/ 



382 "ytwS'r- =» 'yd'r- 

383 n yw8y- S jj^.^ tjxjL?*^**- 
ayo5y ? ©<*a-yaud; Av. yaod-\ Parth. ywdy 
OeOtrouble, (ro)takc pain 

Sund. MSP p40, b78 

384 »ywst- =» »y>wst- 

385 »ywst } k => •y'wst'k 

386 "ywsty S => »y > wst ) k 

387 »ywz B v> i 
ayoz Oywz-) ^'y'wzkr'k, 'ywz(y) 

trouble, torment, agitation 
SCE 203; -iv, SCE 244 ; BSTBL n p24, 154; S W, 
C2p85 

388 »ywz- =» ywz- 2 

389 "yyqwn M => *ykwn(w) 

390 V B, M u^'j 
az ©ob. -y «=**zh 

greed 

GMS 4; BBB 655; TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 186; *zy, 
BBB, bl2 



391 



B,S 



"z o,a ^ 

az Oy, *y) ©<*a/w-zi; Parth. Wz ©3sg. prct. 
was 

BSTBL, Intox. 34 ; MDii; Gersh. Melanges Benv. 
200 ff, Livsic. »/; Mack. BSTBL n p8 

392 V ? B, S ? JU 
az 

year ? 

MD; Gersh. Melanges Benv. 201 f. 203 n 10 

393 »z'n- S ^b^Li 
azan ^'nz'n-, 'z'n- 

(ro)know, (fo)recognize 
MDii pl92 ; AVS 99 

394 Vnt S (j>-i/)jjj<j-^"«jl=-b 
aza/ond =**znd, *zynd 

tale, parable, spell 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 155; KG 470; MSP 

395 'Vntn'my S *^J~~~ <^ju; j* 
azand-name 

parablebook 
MSP c5, 10 



"z'rt'kw 



16 



396 Vrt'kw B c^ljU «ojj I 
azarte, azartaku, azarto (Vrty, Vrtk) 

^Vyr- 1 , Vyr- 2 
troubled, hurt 
VJ 287, 23", 25* ; Frag. Len. 36.3 

397 Vrtk =» »z>rt>kw 

398 Vrty -> »z>rt>kw 

399 Vt => »irt(t) 

400 Vt- B ^Ij.jJ^ 
az(a/i)t, azat ? =>*z } y-, \jyt-, Vyt- 

be born, born 
TSP 2.1199, 1148 

401 Vtch B, S ojljv^d oljT Oj 
azac (»ztch) ©f. adj. =#»zt>k(w) 

f reewaman, noble 
VJ 1099; Anc. Lett. 1.3 

402 Vtk ** >z»t»qt 

403 Vwnh B, S xjjoyry 
azon (»zwn) ©ob. -y ; pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty #*zwn, 

''jwn 

creature, being, child(w/z*c/i has been born or 
reborn) 

VJ ; SCE ; TSP; STii; BSTBL ; Frag. Len. ; Hen. 
Tales. 486.17; MD; >zwn(h), KG; Vwnn, TSP 2, 
576; Hen. Texts. 737 n 2 ; *z (, W, VJ ; SCE ; 
BSTBL; V'W/z, VJ 1226; KG 565; V'Wy, 
Tales. 486 n 1 ; MSP ; VJ 1168; BSTBL 

404 Vy B ^Jy 
azay (*zy, "z'y, *zy) 

birth 

TSP 2.1174 

405 Vy- B, S (j^ ^^ jj>)j>\j 0-^jJ>> 
azay (*zy-, *zy-, Vy-) ©<*d-zaya ^z'yt-, 

* z>t -> *jy-, } zy- 
Go)be born 
GMS 570, 612; AVS 94 

406 Vy =» B z>y 

407 Vy- =» Vy- 

408 Vy myry =» *zy myry 

409 Vyr-' B 0^7 
azer ©<*d-zaraya ©trans, v. 

GcOhurt 

GMS 548; BSTBL, Dhy. 10 ; TSP 2.392; AVS 82 

410 Vyr-' B JjJjT 
azir ©intrans. v. ^*zyr- 2 

(to)bc hurt 



*j' <u*ij>- 



\Ji 



GMS 541 ; VJ 5\ 890; AVS 82 

411 Vyt- B,S j.lj.jj^J^ 
azit (*zyt-, »zyt-) ©pt. st. =^z } y-, *jyt- 
(rcObe born 

BSTBL; GMS 865, 709nl ; Hen. Tales. 486.6 

412 Vyt'y => Vytk 

413 Vytk B,S »\j<jjy» 
azite (Vyt'y, »zytk, *zyty) ©pi. *z (}) yt y yt, *zytH 

=* 8 jty 

born 

TSP 2.612; Hen. BSOAS 11, 70, 16 ; Frag. Len. 
92.10; BSTBL, Vaj. 2, 3; Vim. 92 

414 »zpr>k(w) B 
azpare (^zpr'y) 
greedy 
SCE, 45, 124, 329, 375, 457 

415 "zpr'y ^ »zpr>k(w) 

416 M zcn M 
azcan 
greedy 
GMS 1020; Tales. 480 n g 

417 »zh B 
az ©ace. -wh; ob. ~yh ^'z 1 
greed 
TSP; SCE; BSTBL 

418 H zmyc M 
azmec 
greedy 
BBB p72 b9 ; GMS 1103 

419 M znd M 
aza/and ©ob. -yy =>*zynd, Vnt 
tale, parable 
BBB d8 

420 »zr B 
azar Opw »zr) ^Vyr- 1 , Vyr- 2 
damage, harm 
TSP 2.29; GMS 1093 

421 »zrm M 
azarm ^^zrmy^ 
damage, trouble, harm 
BBB 483, 528, f69 ; GMS 1093 

422 H zrmkry(y) M 
azarmkare ©pi. -/ 
trouble-maker 

GMS 1122; BBB 483, 603 

423 "zrmy'h M jjj 



•^J' ^--^ 



(U--«J <^jU^|j 



-l ijl 



fjj' <V^' 'j'J' 



"1 iOL-jjIjI 



^:Z*mj^tegm$£:^ i s &>&"#*■< ^^ ■*«& 



■^J^MMM$mmmzi<rtW&A 



> pc ) np6 ) k 'ysywny 



-tZ-t 






427 



129 



4 V) 



4*: 



433 

4U 

4*7 



4 A 



Szarmya Opw »zrmy > h) 

harm 

GMS 1093 

•zt'kCw) B,S .Jjv^iiJjT^ 

azate (*zty(y)) =^»z»tch 

freeman, noble 

TSP 6.141, 160, 171 n p206 ; MDii; GMS 121 

"ztch MD =» »z'tch 

■ztk'r B, M j| jT^U- ,oil>l <v ^ ^>i 

i/itkar (k>r) ©pi. -f; ob. pi. -fy ^ztq^ 
noble, nobility 
Frag. 2a.25 ; GMS 1124 A; MDii A-9 R2 ; Sund. 

KG pl77 ; Hen. BSOAS 12, 606 n9; Mittclir. 94 

"officials" 

*ztpy8rk S ^'jv^ ^'J*** *s s~> v 

azJl-pose ©< % azata-pu6raka 

son of nobleman 

Anc. Lett. 2.19; Hen. BSOAS 12.604.19 

B zty(y) M =» »zt>k(w) 

"zw pr- B o>j<s>j>- O^jT 

azu Par 
(/o)be greedy 
SCE 322 

"zwn B, S => Vwnh, *zwn 

*zwn C ^S Xj iJwj^3 *>>yry 

azon (*zwn) ©pi. -/ =»>jwn 
child, existence, life 
STii 4.1; STi 84.20 

•zwncyk B 

azon elk 
childhood 
Frag. Len. 42.2 

*zy =* f z*y 

"zy- =» *z*y- 

"zy =* •z'y 

*zy- => *z } y- 

■xy 1 B 

i/iya (*zyh) ^"z'y 

birth, existence 

SCE 563; GMS 972; TSP 2.130 

*zyh =* , zy ) 

*iyh ryjyy M 

3/c-rczc 

greedy 

Wdica. 16, 18.12b 



K&i'iJ'ijf 



£ JJ, 



440 M zymrch M, S * j*-^" ^ j***- f.*^ 3 ** ^y '^J-^^. 

aze-marc 

birth-death 

Hen. BSOAS 11.69H 

441 B zy myry B ^Jx^ jLo^olji^-X; 
aze-mirc (*z>y myry) ©Skt. sam sara 
birth-death 

BSTBL, Dhy. 161, 236 n p57 v 

442 M zynd M -uis<jl=Jj 
aze/aand 

tale 

Hen. Tales. 466, *zyndyy 

443 »zyr-' M, B O^jl jT < jpjjT 
azer ©<azaraya- ©impf. m^yn trans, v. 

^z'yr- 1 
(ro)hurt 
BBB 483, 538; GMS 548, 634, 682; Frag. Len. 92.3 

444 » zyr - 2 M JJi^jjT < jjjjT 
azir ©<azrya~ ©intrans. v. ; impf. rrHzyr 

=>»z>yr- 2 
(to)be hurt 
Hen. Tales. 470.50; GMS 548, 713; BBB a 1 

445 w zyt- => *z>yt-, »jyt- 

446 »zyt- =» »z>yt- 

447 »zyt>t B Jj J^ 
azitat, azotat ©pi ^z'ytk 

born 

BSTBL, Vaj. 2 

448 »zytk =* Vytk 

449 »zyty =* »z>ytk 



> 

450 >b C 

ap/p (»ph) =>>p,»p 

water 

GMS 305; STii 3.26 

451 »p> B, S 

(o)pa (b> ] ) ©3sg. impf. =*P-, pw-, p>\ wp jl , 

wP> 2 , wP- 
GMS 798 ; AVS 227 

452 >b»nc =* »b>nc 

453 'pc'npS'k 'ysywny =^ Pyy 'ysywny 



^c'npScyk 



18 



454 , pc , np5cyk B ^i^ 
ofcambaScik ©pi. -t ^'fcmbScyk 

worldly 

GMS 1014; STii 9.13 

455 'pc'npSCS) B, S f M jl^ 
ofcambaS, sfcanpaS (>fcmp5, } pcnp5) 

©*hafta~janapada-\ Skt. janapada- ©ob. 

- (i) y =^|kmp5, fcmpd 
world 
TSP ; VJ 529; BSTBL; Frag. Len.; KG; MSP ; GMS 

372; Mack. BSTBL pl53 ; Sund. AoF 1982, 111, 

*haft-zambudig, <SkL jambudvipa 

456 ^npSy ywystr B' ^? >>)('-> j* ^)oW jj^ 

ofcambaSc-xwestar ©gen. 
Lord of the World 
GMS 230 

457 >pc } np5yk S j^>- 
ofcambaSik ©pi. -/ 

worldly 

MSP c26, -w, c24 ; >pc?npd ()) ykt> b37, bl27 

458 >pcmp6 S j^ 
ofcamba8 ©pi. -t\ ob. pi. -ty =^ 1 Pc , np5(8X 

fc } np5 
world 
STi 86.6, 9 

459 >pcnp5 B =» >0c>np5(5) 

460 >pS>ymtyh B ^J^O^ 
of5emtya (05'ymtyh) ©<*fra-daima 

^fS'ymtyh 
magic, mirage, transformation 
BSTBL, Vaj. 3; Dhy. 346 

461 >p«>yp<> } B j^ y 
of5ep(a) ©<*fra-daip- =»ftyp- 

radiance, brilliance 

BSTBL, Dhu. 101, 103; STSC 57 

462 >p6>ys B ^u^.^c-Jj 
ofSes (f8ys) ©<*fra-daisa- ^fS'ys, p8'ys- 
appearance, vision, region 

BSTBL, Dhy. 354, 371.159(N) ; GMS 3l5A ; AVS 
125 

463 >p Y >n B uU 3 
sfyan ©ob. pi. -ty ^Py'h 1 

lament 

VJ 533 n p97 



464 *pj- M (_jS;jLi-j)oUf <jjj<uuij<ju 
aJ3z, Piz, Paz, Pez (byz-, bz-) ©<Av. bazda 

©ob. -y =»>pyz-, } pz-, Pj-, pyj-, pyz-, Pz~ 
bad, evil, pain 
GMS 179, 510; Hen. LW 101; S W, AO 1981, 

13n8 

465 'Pfxwty'h M j*** 
aP(o)zaxutya ^Pj'xwty'h, Pz J Ywty } kh 
unhappiness, misery 

GMS 391, 1070; BBB b61 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 
1945, 140 

466 'pjng'ry M j£*j.tj&kf 
oP(o)zangare ©ob. pi. -tyy ^Pyzmk^k, 

bzng*ry 
evildoer, sinful 
GMS 1126; BBB 520 

467 *pjwnyh M ^jjji 
aPzo/enya CPjynyh) =^Pjyn 

increase 
GMS 1026A 

468 »pjyn M ^J\ 
aPzcn 

increase 
GMS 187, 1026 

469 'pjynyh =* 'pjwnyh 

470 'pjyr'ync M j^f^UI^UI 
oPzircnc ©f. adj. ^Pjyrnyh 

(made c/)diamond 

GMS 171, 1058 ; Hen. Cosm. 307.25 

471 'pn'w- B Jjjy^ j&" < JJijjJ 
aPnaw OPnw) ©*abi-naw- ©impf. y n y w 
(/<?)tremble 

VJ 1001; GMS 546; BBB 490, bn*w, apud. S W, 
C2pl49.20 ; AVS 81 

472 >bnt(t) C J^^ 
aPand, arhbond OPnty) =Vbynt-, 'nP'nt 3 
connection, union 

STi 37.19 apud. Sund. AoF 1975, 2, 62 ; C2, 
14R20 

473 >pnty ** >bnt(t) 

474 >pnw M =» >Pn>w- 

475 >br-' C >J- C 
aPar, arhbar =Vbrty 
Go)bring together, (fo)compose 

C2 gloss, n p 76-7 

476 >br- 2 C o^jT 



0>J ^SJ3 ] £**r 



19 



'ps"c- 



lAV *<j jj ' £^r 



a[3ar =>»pr- 
0<?)bring 

STi 49.12, 73.8; STii 6.19; AVS 139 

477 >br- 3 C ^ 6>br- 

478 'br'mnty C 
aparamande, arhbaramande ©abl. -/\ ace. -*>v 
bringing, presentation 

BSTii 910, 48; Benv. JA 1955, 318; C2, 61V18, 
19,29, 31V1 

479 'pr't'r B ^ 
pratar (pr>tr) ©pi. -/ 

brother r 

TSP 2.926 

480 »prNv8 B => wn'pr^a, >Prw5 

481 'br'z— C o-^j'^ < j-^^V*^ 'J^s^s. 
(o)Praz (br>z-) ^Pr'z'nl 

(to)bc lit up, 0o)bccomc angry 
C2, 68 V20,69R 17 n p60-7 

482 'br'zc C 
oPrazc ©f. adj. 
lit up, angry 
C2, 55R21; Benv. Eti 332 

483 , br , zqy> C 
(o)Praz(o)kya 
splendour, brightness 
STSC p31 

484 'br'ztr C 
(o)praztar ©comp. adj. 
angrier 
C2, 23R7; BSTii 858.7 

485 'prys'k B =* »Pr>ys J k, } prxsy(y) 

486 >bryty C 
aPrayde, arhbrayde =» } nPrytk 
paralysed 
BSTi 140; Benv. JA 1943-5 plOl 

487 >p rn y M 
aprany ©Parth. >brng 
virtue 

Benv. Notesii 195; W-Lii 

488 >p r sV M,S ji^j j^ JU ^ ol ^ f f b)^J\ 

aPar-sar (>brshr, >Prsr) 
Nishapur(/ztf/ne of a Sassanid province) 
STii 3,30; Hen. Mittelir. p94f ; KG pl77 
^ 'brshr C + >prs>r 



JU-aP i'Ui-j^Sl y 



'c/*JJ> 



JjL*** 



djL** i 7J L ^ 



lySij* 



.Ufl 



490 >prsr =* 'prs'r 

491 >brt- C Ui^jjT^-*- 
aPart, ambart ? ®pt. st. ^'br- 1 

(/cObring together 
C2 gloss. 

492 *prtr S o^ jj <cri 
(o)fratar =*frtr, prtr 1 

then 

MDii pl44.6 n pl46; MDiii p80 

493 'brty C 4^^<oJLi-^-<jf^^^jjT*^ 
aParte, arhbarte ? ©pp.; pi. -/ ^nPrt'kw 
collected, arranged, in brief 

C2, 31V21 n p 76-7; STSC 104, >brtw 

494 , prw5 M jx,_ 3J «xf 
aProS Opr'wS) ®<*abi-rauda- ©pi. -t 

plant, growth 
BBB; GMS 415 n 1 

495 'prxsy(y) M jjj~<J^ 
aPraxsc ('Prys'k) =»*Prxsy 

desire 

BBB 568, a6 ; GMS 5 

496 >pryt- =* *fryl- 

497 »pry ty S, C j^ t ^_jl 
afrilc (fryty) ©pt. pp. =» } fryty 

created 

GMS 842; STi 86.6 

498 >bryz- C o^jJ-^^/^j 
(o)prez ©3pl. -ynt -^br'z- 

GcOlight, (ro)sct in fire 
C2, 23V10n p61 

499 *brz C ^'^^^j^j'^^J^-H 
aParz, arhbarz ^'mbrz, *nPrz, } Pznw 
reception, visit, care 

STi 24.11; GMS 657; "visitation" C2, 31R8, AR29; 
CII 1990 p60 

500 'brzbry* C o-sl>» ^jljU; <*UUa < J-* 
aParz-Parya, aParzkarya ? =»>nprz 

agency, business, care 

C2, 77R7 n pl56 ; "to receive" STi 31, 11; CII 
1990 F22 

501 >ps»c- B u^L^^T 
(o)fsac Ops'c-) ©<*fra-saca(ya-) ©inf. -y 

^'Ps'yt-, fs'c-, f>s , c- 

(to)train,(/<?)teach, (f<9)tame 
BSTBL, Dhy. 8 ; Dhu. 166; GMS 169, 316; AVS 
118 



'Psc- 



20 



u*iy ] 



l—S-L*' • 



502 'ps'c-^ } Ps»c- 

503 'ps'ys- B u^o^p^J^l^^T 
(o)fsaxs Ops'ys-) ©med. pass. st. 

0c)be trained, (to)bc tamed 
BSTBL; TSP 2.417; GMS 169 

504 >ps , Yt- B,S ^ r l 
0)fsayt/d- ©pt. st. ^'ps^- 

(ro)teach 
GMS 923 

505 >ps , ytk B Jjk-T T 
(oXsayde ©pp. 
tame 
BSTBL, Dhy. 10 r 

506 >ps>k B 
(o)fsak (Ps'k) ^'ps'c- 
teaching 
TSP n p225, 12.37 

507 >p s »nY B 
(o)fsanx (fsx) ©<*fra-sanxa- ©ace. -w 

^fns'x, fswx, fs*x 
parasang 
VJ ; TSP 2.534, 965; GMS 169, 236, 316 

508 'ps'nywnch B JL,J< i io JH ^ i ^J 
(o)fsanxwanc ©<fsdnxunde\ <*/ rasanxwantaka 

©f. adj. 
(related fcOparasang 
GMS 1092; VJ 717 

509 >ps > wc- B 

aPsoc 

(rokut in pieces 

GMS 316A; TSP 2.226 n p!71 ; AVS 120 

510 >ps>ynt- S j^f t^A 
afse5, apsend ? ( } ps>y5-) <i)S"*said- 

0o)tear 
MDii p33.5-7 

511 'ps'yp- B diJ'kj'^-M 
(a)fsep ? (Ps } ymt-) ©Av. aevi-sifa =»psyp 
(fo)throw 

TSP n pi 84, 2.1168; Gresh. Ph.I 1985, 147.8 

512 'ps'ysty S 
famous ? 
S W, IIJ 1976, 46.4 

513 >bscy C => >bst- 

514 'pskstw B 
(o)faskastu ? =» j p§kstw 
break, robbery ? 



vJJ^p juLa3<uLa3 *-i)*^p h^jy 



j^LAi^ 



^j! 



iU- tc 



GMS 365 n 1 ; Mack. BSTBL, Vim. 116(N) 

515 } bst- C j^^toJ^J^ 
apast (*P'st-, >bscy) ©pt. st. =>>bynt-, 'bysty, 

^P'st- 
(rcObe joined, (to)bc attached 
C2, gloss, n p 75.26 

516 'bstw C a^^i^jl^a 
aPastu ©pp. ace. nom. nt. 

perpetual 

C2, 31R26, 31V4, 40V22 

517 >bsty C JLl^^j* 

aPaste ©pi. -fy/ ; ob. f. y bscy\ nt. y bstw -^nP'st'k 
attached, fixed, permanent 
C2 gloss. 

518 >ps- B =* >Ps>y- 

519 'ps'- B (*^ ^j; r L)Jlf «c£ 
(o)fsa ©<*frusdi Khwar. /rw/ ; Sughn. fireTj; 

Past. wrjza\ Yidg. jrifo ©pred.inst. -Vi 
flea 
GMS 323, 1182n2 ; SCE365 

520 'ps^m- B, S j^ojjo * j^L-y 
(o)fsam (Ps'm-, 'ps'm-) ©<*fra-sama ?; *fra- 

gam- ©impf. fl y Pm ^fs'm- 
(/o)cscort, (to)scnd 
GMS 178 ; Bcnv. Notcsii 225; VJ 1343; MDii, iii ; 

AVS 101 

521 'ps'm B c^ii-jiOjj^ii'OjjL 
(o)fsam ©Gersh. Ssam-\ S W Sgam 
dismissal, escort 

VJ 356; S W, BSOAS 1983, 50 

522 'ps'mk B c^>j^ 
(o)fsame OP^my, ^s'mw) 

escort, leave 

VJ 440; Reichclt. HRii p58, Doc. 10.6, 7 

523 >ps } mw ** 'ps'mk 

524 'ps'my S => 'Ps'mk 

525 'ps'wnp- B jjj"c~^ e jjjjTjj 
(o)fsumb =»Ps*wnp- 

(fo)decorticate, (rc)skin, 0o)take out 
SCE 235; Gersh. IF 1970, 304; Schwartz. BSOAS 
1971, p412 ; AVS 107 

526 'ps'y- B, S o^gJj tj^jl** 
(a)0say Ops-) 

0o)bear, GcOsuffer 

TSP; SCE 457, 463, 467; Frag. Len. 57.4 

527 »ps»yws B, S ^IJ&l 



21 



^tmy 



(o)fsyaus OPsy'ws) ©Av. fsuyas ^fsy'ws 
master 

GMS 311, 429; BSTBL, Dhu. 273; VJ 1495 n p99 ; 
MDii; Hen. Talcs. 466, 3 

528 } pskr- B dtJ'dj^'&J'Jk* 
(o)fskar ©<*fra-skar~ =»>pskr-, fskr- 

(fa)follow, (ro)drive out, (ro)expel 

GMS 317, 515 492 ; TSP 2.279, 678; BSTBL, Dhu. 

259; AVS 103 

529 >pskryn'k B ^^-luTjL^ 
(a)fskarene ©pres. part. 

follower 

TSP 2.687, 788, 817 * 

530 >pskstw B J*£ oh* 
©Skt. kalpa 

cosmic period 

TSP 20.3 

531 'pst't'k S j^*>\+ 
ofstate ®<*fra-hista-, Sstd ©pp. 

seated, settled 
Sund. KG pi 78 

532 >pstw B JV,^ 

3f(o)stU =^fst- : 

question 

TSP 2.723 

533 'psy'ws B =» 'ps'yws 

534 >pt- B, M, S ( 0jZ , ^^ ^cj* 
apd CptVh) ©<hafta 

seven 

GiMS 274, 1316; EGSii 144 

535 >pt> B, M oi* 

aPda (>pth, , bt>) ©in compd. 
seven 

GMS 501, 1316; Sogd. Cpds. p!39c ; KG pl78 

536 >bt> C =» >pt> 

537 >pt>5>n S -» >ft>5 , n 

538 >pt>/h ■* >pt- 

539 >pt>myS B, M ^ 

aPda-meG =»'Ptmy8 

week 

VJ 874-, GMS 1316 

540 >pt> r S c jbt T 
aftar ©MP haftar 

hyena ? 

TSP I3ii, 13 apud. S W, IIJ 1976, 61 



541 ^t'r'nkty S {Jjjjic^)^\U 

©Av. hapio-iringa ©ob. pi. 
Ursa Major 

Sund. MHC p31n71 p30, 36, 19V3 n p69 

542 »pt , rn'kty ? S Jejf jujU 
aftar-nakte ? (pt'rn'kty) 

hyena-like ? 
Sund. MHC p30 

543 >pt>rt B ^/^^ 
oftart ®pt. St. ^pt'r-, } ftrt- 

turned 

GMS 169, 318 

544 »pt>rtk»ry B j*f 
oftart-karc 

turning 
TSP 6.85 

545 »pt» rtnyn'kw «» 'ptrtnyn'k 

546 'bt'srd C *$l~cJ* 
apda-sar8 

seven years 
BSTi 196 A22 

547 > pt , t B, M 4=i* 
apdat Obt't) ©<*haftati 

seventy 

GMS 91, 1316; Hen. Cosm. 307, 62; BSTi 167 

548 >bt't C => >pt>t 

549 y pth S =» >pt» 

550 'ptkysp(h) B, M j^f^J^ 
apd-kisp ©ob. -\ ~yh 

seven countries 

GMS 147, 1659; TSP 3209 n p!98 ; Hen. Texts. 

721 

551 *ptkyspy xwtNv M ^((j-^U^/ai- fOJj^if c*iA »U. 

seven countries' king, Spiritus Vivens, 

(the)Liv'mg Spirit 
GMS 1659; Hen. Cosm. 311, 69 

552 >ptm- B, S o-^jy 
(o)ftam ©<*fra-tama- =^ftm-, } prtm-, prtm- 
first 

GMS 1331; -w, VJ 375; -y, TSP 12.62; MDii 

553 >ptmy B, S ^ 
aPdami/e ? =>>ptmyk 

seventh 

TSP 2.330; GMS 1096, 1331 



'ptmya 



22 



554 'ptmyS B a^a 
apd-meO ^»pt>my6 

week 

BSTBL; TSP 2.358.360 

555 >ptmyk B, S, M ^ 
aPd(o)mik Obtmyq) 

seventh 

GMS 1331; TSP 3.89, 9.6; Hen. Cosm. 312.108; 
MSP b29, b99 ; -w, STii 1.18 

556 'btmyq C =» >Ptmyk 

557 ^tr'ync- B (0->jjT JJiS)o^J^^^^Jf^ 
(o)ptrenc Optrync-) ©<*abi-trnjaya- ©impf. ' 

fiUrync =^ptr»ync- 
(/cOoppress, (fo)suppress, (/cOcontrol 
TSP 11078, 1100; AVS 123 

558 >ptryt- ** ptryt- 

559 } ptryty B (o^)^^ 
(D)ptrayde ©inf. pp. =*ptryt- 

oppresscd 
TSP 2.133 

560 'ptrtn'ynch B >jfoiA 
apd-ratnenc ©f. adj, 

(c/)scvcn jewels 

VJ 18\ 345, 1422; GMS 1053; Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 
146.3 

561 •ptrtnyn'k B, S ^/o* 
apd-ratnene ©Skt. saptaraina 

(o/)seven jewels 

BSTBL, Dhy. 198; >0t } rtnyn*kw t VJ 861-2; GMS 
1053; Frag. Len. 84a9 

562 >ptrync- «* 'Ptr'ync- 

563 >ptyr- S, B ^ ^j 
(a)ftar, (o)ftir © } fl>tyrty f 3sg. pres. ind. ^ftrt-, 

ftr-, ftyr- 2 , p>t>yr- 
0o)pass, (to)cwss 
GMS 178; AVS 105; MSP bl46 

564 »py»tr B j^> 
(a)fyatar OPy'tr) ©<*frayah-tara ? =»fy>tr t 

Py»tr 
more 
GMS 169, 321; VJ 461, 1471; TSP; BSTBL, Intox. 

20; SCE 385 

565 >BY ( » B,S (u^>^^)(^) J x 

pit(o)r ©Idg.; ace. -w; ob. ~y =^ptr- 
father 

566 WP M Jke-*<^s^ 



(o)Pyap ©<*abi-ap- =*PVp- 

reach 

Hen. Cosm. 307.21, 309 

567 'py'pt- S j3\ t *z~*<d>J'^'j> 
(s)Pyapt (py'pt-) ©pt. st. ^by'pd'r- 
(to)reach, G<?)grasp, (r<?)comprehcnd 

Sund, p40; MSP b!2 

568 'pyVt- S jaL * jijjTc-i-u 
(o)Pyart ©pt. st. ^Py'rt- 

(ro)obtain 

STii p580 ; Hen. Miltelir. p63 ; AVS 104 

569 >py>s- => 'Py'ys-, py'ys- 

570 'py's'ntcy B oiij>- 
(o)pyesanc- ©f. adj. ^Py'ys'ntk 

boiling 
SCE 235 

571 »py»tr => »py»tr 

572 'py'tCw) S c?->J T ^<^ 
aPyat .* . 
reminding 

Anc. Lett. 4.8; Sund. A green leaf, AI 1988 pl8l, 

byhqhc 

573 'py'ys- B 0-^>r 
(o)Pycs ? 0Py J s-) ©Av. abi-aeh Yaghn. cs 

^Py'^ntcy, Py*ys*ntk, Py'ys- 
OcOboil 
GMS 90; >pfYs 1 TSP 19.6 n p232 

574 »bynt- C 

aPont/d => J bst-, > bnt(t) 

(to)bc attached 

Sund. AoFiii 1975, 62; C2, 31V24, 40V10 n p75 

575 >byr- ** J npr- 

576 *bysty C l°#j*< 
aposte ©pp. =» } bst-, } bynt- 

joined, related 

STi; Sund. AoF 1975, 62 

577 } pywn- =* Py } wn- 

578 *pywny M ( e -LuT Lr ^ cr L,)^U 
(o)Piwane-, (o)Pyonc ©<*abi-waina—, Parth. 

frywn ©pi. -f =»bywny 
prophet 
GMS 434 

579 >pyz- B, S (o^>^ j^^oij** 
(o)Pez (bz-, >Pyzy) ©ace. ->v ; nom. ob. ~ U) y, -\ 



jr"X$ 



m 



bad, evil 



■ l Pj- } Pz-, Pyj-. Pyz- 



23 



'pz'yCh) 



jli X t j£&j 



GMS 179; TSP 9.122 (nom. -v) ; SCE 272 (ace. 
-w); VJ 318 (ace. f. ->); VJ 102 (abl. ->) 

580 'pyz'Ywk 01 B l^^o;.^ 
(o)Pi/ezaxuk -^Pz'ywk, bz'xwq 

miserable 

VJ 831, 958, 1382; GMS 391, 976 n 1 

581 'pyz'ywksth B o^jo ^ 
(o)Pizaxukst ©elat. -w y ^'P^ykwstr, 

w^yz^wksth 
miserable 
VJ 825; Gersh. JRAS 1942, 92 

582 »pyz'krtyh B .Lfu,jr 
(o)pizak(r)tya/i OPyzktyh) ^'Pzykrtyh 

evil deed, sin 
TSP ; SCE ; STii 10.43.46 

583 'JJyz'nkVk B X±<J&*jt 
(o)pizangare OPyz'nkr'k) -^'Pyz'nk^'y, 'Pjng'ry 
evildoer 

VJ 49 c , 476; TSP 7.40, 120, 188; 'flyJnkVw, VJ 
31 d 

584 »pyz , nkVy B 
(3)pizangare ^Pyz'nk'r'k 

evildoer 
VJ 652, 1187 

585 'pyz'nkr'k => 'Pyz'nk^k 

586 »pyzp'rch S 
(^)piz-Parc ©f. adj. =>pyzpr } k 
unfortunate 
BBB p78.634 ; GMS 1008n 2, 1132 

587 'PyzpVcyh B 
(o)Piz-Parcya/i 
misery 

GMS 1082-, SCE 396; >fiyzyfi } rcyh, TSP 9.130 

588 'pyzpr'n =* 'pyzypr'n 

589 'pyzktyh B =* >pyz>krtyh 

590 >py 2 y =» >py Z _ 

591 >pyz>pr>n B ^^ 

(s)Pezi-paran (PyjyPr'n, 'pyzpr'n) =»-Pr>n, 

Pyjflr'n 
unhappy, miserable 
GMS 1133; SCE 18, 11 ; TSP 9.106 

592 'P z " B (j^^^^j^ju 
fe)Pz, apz, pez (bz-, >pz-) ©ace. -w ; ob. -\ -y 

=^Pj-, Pyj-, P_h >Pyz- 
bad, evil, pain 
TSP; BSTBL 



0*^fJL> iojlj>co 



cT^ 



o^v-k i JU-x 



~lju 



o^>' 



593 »p ? - =» >Pz- 

594 »pz»w- . B =» 'pz'w- 

595 'p^ykwstr B >o^ju 
(o)pzaxukstar ©vflz'Ywkstr ^Pyz'Ywksth 
more miserable 

GMS 1288; BSTBL, Dhy. 41 

596 'pz'ywk S 
(o)Pzaxuk ©pi. -/ ^'Pyz'ywk^ 
unfortunate 
MDii; MDiii 

597 'pz'nx^y S 

(o)Pz-anxare ©pi. -* 
unfortunate(/zavz>i£ a bad star) 
Sund. KG 564 

598 >p z »w- B 
(o)Pzaw (*Pz»w-, 'Pz'w) ®*abi-zdwaya- 

©trans. v. =»Pjy-, pz'w-, bz'w- 
0o)increase 
GMS 90, 571; TSP n 212; SCE 412; BSTBL, Dhy 

107; AVS81 

599 >pz } w «* 'pz'w- 

600 »pz»wn S 
(o)Pzon ©pi. -t ^Pjwnyh 
generation 
Frag. Lcn. 60.5 

601 »p z 'xtyh S 
pozaxtya ?, oPzaxtya ? 
misery, pain 
MSP bl05 

602 ) p z , y- B 
(o)Pzay (Pj'y- 'Pz'y-) ©*abi~zawya- 

©intrans. v. ; impf. fl } zy 
0o)be increased 
GMS 187; TSP; AVS 81 

603 >p ? 'y- => j pz>y- 

604 'pz'y'krtyh B &&+? '*sj£*j. 
(o)poze ?, -(o)krtya Opzykrtyh, »Pz'yk(h) 

>krtyh) ^'Pyz'krtyh 
evil deed 
TSP 2.706, 721, 958 

605 >p z , y(h) B (oy* j^-> j>)>*i^j<± 
pzl ? OPzy) ©*bdzdyah <*fiezi <fiezi <fizi 

ofizi 
bad, evil, pain 
TSP; S W, CLI, 1989, 180 



I— i i<0l y>- 



£0 '■>->■> 



J-Ujj> 



'Pz'yk 



24 



606 'pz^k B i^lap 
(o)Pzik (»Pzyk(w)) 

bad, painful, hard 

VJ 784 ; TSP 3.120, 2.339 ; Frag. Len. 8,76, 12.4; 
Tales. 480.3 

607 >p z >yk(h) >krtyh -* >pz>y>krtyh 

608 >pzpr>k(w) S 6J L^ 
(o)pzparc ^PyzPr'k 

needy 

Anc. Lett. 3.4, 5.29, 19; GMS 1008, 1132; BBB 
p78.634 ; Benv. Notesiii 235 

609 'pzywz'k B fl l>x 
(o)pzxoze 

ill-wisher 
TSP 8, 114 

610 *pznw M ^jl.yot-4* 
(o)Pznu ? ©*brzna- =»'brz, >nPrz, bznbrqy* 
hospitality, reception 

Hen. Tales. 469, 38, 470 p2 

611 >pzny B ^ 
(o)Pozne ? ®<bfzn\ *burznaka 

garlic 

TSP 2, 600, 608, 665, 889 n pl77 ; Hen. Texts, 721 

612 »pztr- B j,S\*j><j;j* 
(o)Pztar 

worst, more painful 
TSP 2, 1170, -w 

613 >pzy =* »Pz»y(h) 

614 'pzykrtyh =* 'Pz'y'krtyh 

615 >p z yk(w) B=> >pz>yk 

616 >c S ji 
ac (cyn 3 ) ©<*haca =»cn, cnn, cwn, -c 

of, from 

Anc. Leu. 1.10, 3.18, 5.4, 16, 32; GMS 85 

617 >c>nt B &A<S*) 
acand ?, acond ?, c(a)nd ? 

water-rice, conjee 
Mack. BSTBL-, Vim. 95 

618 J ccw C =» } cw 

619 >ckw S J±\ 
acku ®<*asruka ©pi. -' =»cskw 

tear 

GMS 371, 385 n 1; Benv. Et. 1, 331; Mack. AI 25, 
1985, 423, 28 

620 'cnn B «jT jUj' 
can =^cnn 



of, from, of it 
VJ 43 c ; GMS 1610 

621 >csty B r > 

0)c(3)sti =^ } sty, csty, >t5rty 

third 

GMS 1331 

622 >cstyh B c-^s^j 
acastya ©<*trstU Av. tarsti-, Parth. tyst 

=»cstyh 
terror 
TSP 6, 12; GMS 150,277,948 

623 *cstyk B u^S-'p- 
(o)c(o)stik (cstyk (,) ) ^'styk, >t5rtyk, >5rtyk, 

styk 
third 
TSP 3,31 

624 'cw B, S {oy^^~t j J )k* 'Jrr?^ l Ur l4 =? d s. iAs ? 
ocu, acu =>cw 

what, that, something, why 

GMS 161, 1510; BSTi 151, >ccw 

625 'cwhy S => >cwty 

626 } cwty B, S >^ j^V^^ iSJ^^^^ ^j^r^ 

cuti, (o)cutc OcwZY, *cwhy) 
what, what so ever, whichever 
GMS 1511-3 

627 »cwZY => >cwty 

628 >5 S L 
a5 ©<*hada =^6nn 

with 

Anc. Lett. 3, 35 

629 Wm M <*T 
adam ©ob. -y ^'8'm, 'dm 
Adam 
Hen. BSOAS 11, 71.19; C2 gloss. 

630 >d ) s- C 

a5as, arhdas ©impf. md } s ^'nS's- 

OcOwonder 

C2,22V17&p60 

631 Wt- =» 'nS's- 

632 >d'ty C ^J^ 
a5ate, amdate ©pp.; pi. -t 

amazed 
C2, 65V29 

633 >5p M z B ^^i^U^jCT 
a5Pa(n)z OSP'nz) ©<*0waja- 



(• 



J^L^ 



25 



^yg 



43 ji I l4* i4ib 



r>» 



JW 



help, earning 

TSP 8, 195 n p219 ; Hen. Texts. 738 

634 'Sp'nk S 
(o)5Pank =>8p>nk 
grain, seed 
MDii, -w ; Lazard. SI 1982.2, 229-32 

635 'Sp'npnwh B =* 8p>mpn(w) 

636 >6p>nz => } 8p»z 

637 »8p»ty S 
(a) 6p(o)ti, 6p3ti/e -»Sptyk 
second 
Anc. Lett. 3.7 i 

638 >6 Py =» '55 Py, '55 Py 

639 >5pz J B, S 
(o)5Paza (>8Pzh) ©Parth. >dbz =>8pz- 
hunger 

Vim. 134, BSTBL; TSP 2.166, 223, MDii 

640 'Spz'mwrty J—f J 1 •*>• 
(o)8paza-murtc =»8Pz'mwrty, , t8Pz > mwrlk 
died of hunger 

TSP 11.23 

641 >6pzh ** '8Pz> 

642 >dc C y^ 
a5c =^*8c(w), 'yc 1 

something, thing 

C2, 31V22 n p!84 ; S W, SGI 1986, 408 

643 >85 Py B r b)<! i^u <? .jjuJ <? ;>>> < ^ ^Ij^ 

a5/epaY (»S Py, >8 Py) 

supreme god, strong god (Hormazd ?, Sakra ?, 

Indra ?) 
Humbach. AI 4, 397-408; Bailey. AI 24, 14; 

BSTBL, Padm. 49 

644 >6h' S -> >LH 

645 >5h 2 S => Ȥh 

646 >5krw S 
aSkaru =*kry> 
every time 
MDii pl65n3 ; GMS 1120 

647 >6kw S(AL) =» »8>kw 

648 >dm C 
adam ©ob. -y ^'5'm 



JU Jb iOj' a**j£> 



^ 



Adam 
C2 gloss. 

649 } drny C j^^lxl 
adame, arhdame ©pi. -ry ; ob. pi. -yfy ^nSm'y 
limb 

BSTii: C2 gloss, n p72 ; Benv. Etii 129; Sund. 
AoFviii 1981, 193.8 

650 >5nn S i 
5an(n) ©<*hada-awana =^d'-, >8, 8nn, Sn 
with 

Anc. Lett. 3, 2 ; GMS 1568, 1622 

651 >6rYmh S(MD) =» SrYmh 1 

652 >5rtyk S f > 
(9)stik =* } styk, 'cstyk, >t8rtyk 

third 

Anc. Lett. 5, 32 

653 >6ry B, M. S (j^ ^^ jS)<~ 
(o)0re/ se 08ryy, } 8ryw) ^8ry, sy 3 

three 

GMS 1316, 1674 

654 'firyt'py S, M (^u jJ * U y ^)^^ 
sctap(c) 

Three Seals 
Sogdica. 64.16 

655 >8ryw MD =* >Sry 

656 *5ryy M =» >8ry 

657 >5ry z>r S 
se-zar 

three thousand 
Hen. TPS 1945, 151 

658 »5w C)) B, M, S (Oj^^^ 
(o)8wa (>8wy) =^ J 8wyst, 8w> 
two 
GMS 1316 

659 >5wk B 
aSuk (*Swk) 
grain, crop 
TSP 16, 35; Livsic. HMV 256 n3 

660 >6wy S =* W*' 

661 'Swyst B c 

Swest ? =»dwyst 

two hundred 

VJ 5 C , >dwyl00; VJ 62 e , y 6wl00 

662 >dyq C jsJ*<jj*-< 
a8ik, andik ©pi. -t =Vn8yk 



I \A<~ 



J 1 ^ 



J->)>> 



4U 



'dyqmyc 



26 



custom, way, manner 

BSTii 893.6; Benv. Et. 2, JA 1959, 125; S W, C2, 
31V6, 30n p75 

663 'dyqmyc C ^lu^j^ 
a8ikmec 

habitual 

BSTii 910.52; C2, 61V22 ; Bcnv. Et. 1, 318, JA 
1955 

664 >dysn C JUx^^! 
a5cs(o)n ©<*ham-daisana -^nSysn 

model, sample, example 

BSTii 886.18, 903.6; C2, 31R14, 51V18, 57R6 ; 

Bcnv. Et. 2.123 : 

665 'dy(y) C (j^ > ^ j j>) u *^< u Sjh u J' 
a5e (*5y) ©ace. } dw- t abl. } d\ pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty 

=»»5>kw 
somebody 
STi; STii; BSTi; BSTii; C2 gloss.; S W, SGI 1986, 

408 

666 'fVnpa B, S =» ) fcmb8(8) 

667 'fcmbScyk M ^l*>- 
(o)fcamba6cik ^pc'npocyk 

worldly 
GMS 1014 

668 >fcmb6(8) M ' OW*- 
(o)fcamba5 Cfc'npS, J pcmp5) ^Pc'npoXS), 

fc>np5, fcmbS, >pc>np§(5) 
world 
GMS 169; BBB 566; Hen. Cosm. 312.72; Karab. 

Insc. 18.14; ob. -y(y), BSTBL, Dhy. 163; BBB 

687, 664; Hen. AM 1952, 203.6 

669 >fcmp8 =» 'pc'npSCS) 

670 J fryn- M, C j^=- <j-^ji>T 
afrin =>*fryn-, *pryn-, 'fryt- 

GcOpraise, GcObless 

Sogdica. 17, 24 ; GMS 5 n 1, 579; BBB d3 ; C2 
gloss. 

671 'fryt- M, C ^J'j^-tJ^j^'C^J'^j'T 
afrit OPryt-) ©pt. St. =*>fryn- 

(ro)bless, 0<?)praise 
GMS 579; C2 gloss. 

672 J f ryty M, C ^la, idJ _^ 
afrite ©pp.; ob. pi. -ty =»»frytyy, >Pryty 
blessed 

W-Lii 569; BBB ; STi 24.4 ; >frytyt Wku "blessed 
places", "Aeons", Hen. Cosm. 307.3; Sund. AoF 



CjtJ^J^ 



ji J * 'J^ 



1981 p231 

673 'frytystr C 

afritistar, afritestar 

most praised 

BSTii 886.14; C2, 51V 14 

674 'frywn M, C 
afriwan =»*Prywn, *frywn, *prywn 
praise, blessing 

BBB; GMS 1084; STi 34.1, 52.11; STH3.38, 6.24; 
BSTii: C2 gloss. +kwn- "to praise" 

675 'frywncyq M, C yjl cj^ 
afriwancik 

praise, blessing 
BBBc26;GMS 1015; STi 34.5 

676 'fsn*qc C ^ l >^> 1 <^ ! ^ 
Oxsn'qc) ©*fra-san 

trepidation 
C2, lV9n p51 

677 >fsnyh M jUil 
afs(o)nc ? 

spreading 

BBB b84 ; Bailey. BSOS 7.777 

678 »fsyn S (<^j^t oUti.jL* r JU) l jJJ\ 
afsin ©<*xsaewan 

Afshin 

Hen. apud. GMS 314, Barthold, Turkestan 

679 WS'n M ^C^ ,^U j^jS 4 ^l 
OptWn) ©ob. -y/t ; pi. -t 

bishop, Manichcan priest 
BBB-, ZDMG 90, 13.6 

680 'ft»r M ^.jL. 
(o)ftar ©<*fratara-, fraStar-s Skt. pratara 

=»ft>r 
many, much 
BBB 528; GMS 169, 318 

681 >ftm- M Jjl<o-3*i 
(o)ftam ©*fra-tama ©n. ob. -y ; ace. -w 

=> J Ptm-, J prtm- 
first, at first 
GMS 178, 1331; BBB 626, 629 

682 >ftmcyk M o-^^™* 
(3)ftamcik =^ftmcyk, 'prtmcyk 

first, the first 
GMS 1331; BBB f69 

683 'ftmyk M o-^ 

(o)ftamik 



! 



27 



) ysykn5h 



•^if 



first 

GMS 994, 1331, 1296 

684 >ftrt- M 

(o)ftart ©pt. st. =»>Ptyr-, *J3t>rt 

(to)pass 

GMS 169, 318 

685 'yS^ >z 2 

686 Yc C J*\?<(U 
ayac Oyc) ©f. ^'yty 1 , 'nytch, >ytc 

all, complete 

STii 5.42, 29; GMS 335 ; BSTii 914.2; C2, 17R2 

687 Vm C ; (^V^)j^ 
ayam Okm) ©oh. pl.-fy ^ } ym 

festival, feast 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 186.6, 7 

688 Yrc C jlii-j^jlju 
ayarc ©^/Vry ? ©f. 

awake, bright 

BSTii 843.27; Mack. BSOAS 33, 122; S W, C2 
pl49, 68R27 

689 Vz C (^^J~.>>jUJ 
ayaz 

beginning 

C2, 31V20, 40R21, 57V19; -y, STi 77.1 

690 >y>z- C,M o>Slj J z><J>J'jW 
ayaz ©impf. m*Y y z =$*y )r i- 

(fo)begin 

BSTii: C2 gloss.; GMS 634 

691 Yzcyq C 
ayazcik 

initial 

BSTii 893.28: C2, 31R28 

692 >yc C => »y j c 

693 >ym C 
ayam 0km) ©ob. -y ^'fm 
festival, feast 
C2, 55R19, 16, 26, 94V3 

694 'yr'm- C 
ayram ©impf. mYr y m 
GcOslander 
BSTii 843, 44; Mack. BSOAS 33, 123; C2, 68V, 

13 

695 >Yr>n S(MD) «> yr>n 

696 > Y r'nt- S o^J~- 
oyrand ©pt. st. ^yr'nd-, yr } ns- 



<*->' 



;UI t- 



(f 1 * 1 '-^yj^dir^r 



0*y 



(to)gct angry 

Anc. Lett. 3.23 ; GMS 870 

697 'yr'nwkCw) S f U. 
(o)yrank ?, yranuk ? 

rank 

MDii pl20n 11 

698 VP- S(AL) =* yr[3- 

699 >yrbn C J&^ijg^ 
ayar(3an ©*a-grabana ©f. =»yrP- 

fork, pincers 

C2, 60V3, 7; Bcnv. Etii 115; BSL 1959, 33 

700 'yrSmnwh B, S =* yr5mn(h) 

701 ^rtk S(M) a^UjU^ 
ayartc ? 

splendid 

Mack. AI 25, 1985, 422, 4 n p424 

702 ) yrtqy > C •&. 

ayratakya ? ©f. 

splendour 

C2, 77V5 n pl49.27 

703 } yryvv(h) S u Jl> «jjo i^a^ 
(o)yriw ©f.n. ; ob. -y =>yryw, yr'ywCh) 

body, person 

Hen. Talcs, 481, 51; W-Li ; MDii 

704 TRZY B, S (o>> >-^ j-O^Xrr-'crt 
orti ? 0HRZY) ©Idg. ^'rty 1 , >XRZY(n), rtyms 

then 

S W, C2pl83 

705 'ys'yn'k B (^.-J^^/ <>^ 
axsene Oys'yn'y) 

greenish 

SCE 353; TSP 3.33, 46 

706 'ys'yn'y =^ 'ys'yn'k 

707 Vjnh B,S J^,^^ 
axsen, axsen ? Oysyn) ©Av. axsaena 

green, greenish 

MDiii 47.8; Bailey. Prolexis, 20 

708 »Ys'yn wrs>k B JJiy > 
axsen-warse 

greenish-haired 
SCE 88 

709 'ysyknSh S 

axsekand 

AkhsekatOiame of a city) 
MDii p!45 n2 ; MDiii p30 n 2 



*ysyktc 



28 



710 >ysyktc S ^r^-^' 
axsckac (ysyknSh) ©f. adj. 

(f rom) Akhsekal 
MDiii p90 

711 ^syn =* 'ys'ynh 

712 > Y s , m S(MD)=» xs'm 

713 •y^w'n S *- ^.hJ+J A <& 
(5)xsawan -^YS'wn'k, xs'wn, 'xs'w'n 

king ?, rule ? 

Karab. Insc. 20.21 

714 >YS , w , n ) h B, S o^^U 
(3>xsawana Oys'wnyh, ^s'w^h) 

rule, power * 

BSTBL, Intox. 8; Karab. Insc. 16.5; MDii 

715 'ys'w'ncyk S oJaL-^U. 
(o)xsawancik 

kingship, rule 

Karab. Insc. 18.15; CII 1990 E 3 

716 > Y s , w > n6Vy S ^U 
(o)xsawan5are, xsonSare Oys'wnS'ry) 

rule 

Karab. Insc. 18.15, 16.18 

717 'YsWnh -* 'Ys'w'n'h 

718 ^sWnty S sz.M~<^\± 
(o)xsawande 

rule 

Karab. Insc. 22.9; BBB b69 

719 >YSVn ) k S A^<>^ 
(o)xsawanc =»xsywny(y), } xswny 

king, ruler 

Karab. Insc. 18.13, -w 

720 ^sVnSV S lj»eli 
(a)xsawan5ar, oxsonSar Oxswnd'r) 

ruler 

Karab, Insc. 15.4,7 

721 , Ys ) wn8 , ry =* ^s'w'nS^y 

722 'ys'wnyh =» 'y^w'n'h 

723 ^s'y- B d>/c-*£~ ^J'^.M... 
(a)xsay Oxsy-) ©Av. xsa(y)- =*xsy- 
(ro)rulc 

VJ 1094; GMS 1086 

724 > Y sy>5 S jzU-wjsf 
(o)xsaya5 ? 

kingly 

MDii 128n9, B-16, 9 



725 > Y s>yn B ? J^J 
(o)xsen ? (YS } yn) 

dirt, mixture ? 
TSP 9.63 n221, 233 

726 'Ys'ywn B o^ 

(3)xsewan Cysywn) ^'Ysy'wn, xsywn 
lamentation, crying 

GMS 1084; VJ ; TSP 6.92; SCE 477 ; Frag. Len. 60, 
5 ; -y 83 a 11 

727 'ys'ywn'k B ,li 
(a)xsewane, oxsyone ©<*xsaivanaka ©ob. pi. 

-ty -^'xsywnCy), xsywny(y), ^sywn'k, MLK (,) 
king, ruler 
BSTBL, Dhu. 37(N), 136, 266, 255; Vsywrtyty, 

Dhu. 55 

728 > Y sd , r- C j^jUT 
ayasSar ©perf. st. «>Yz-. 'yst- 

(/£>)bcgin 
BSTi 31.186 

729 >Ys5rkt , k B jyU, 
(o)xsa5r-kate, xsa9r-kote ©<*xsa6ro-Icrtaka 
(made for)king, kingly 

VJ45n p90;GMS 157,299 

730 'Ysn'm B yf-ijjjj** 
axsnam ©Av. xsnaoma- ^'xsn'm 

pardon, indulgence 

GMS 157; VJ 1225, 1387, 1452; TSP 5.107, 7.47; 
SCE 194; BSTBL, -w, Dhy. 79 

731 J Ysnk- B, S ( i ^j^ j<> Jj~*)oj&>1 t<JLji3 
(o)xsank/-g ©<*gasnak(k)a- ©ob, -y ; pi. -*> 

=^xsnk-, xsnq- 
beautiful, splendid 
BSTBL, -y, Intox. 7; Frag. Len. 27.9, 44.3; GMS 

511; Sogdica. 20.1 ; S W, BSOAS 1983, 48 

732 'YsnkNv'k S ^Lti^^fc 
(o)xsankawe ^xsnkWk 

splendour, beauty 
Frag. Len. 44.14 

733 J Ysnk J wy(h) S 6J & 
(o)xsankawe/-wya ? Oxsnq'wyh) 
splendour, beauty 

Frag. Len. 61, 10 

734 'Ysnkystr S jS~z5 
(o)xsankistar 

more beautiful 

Frag. Len. 27.6 



29 



'Yt'w 



735 >Ysnyrk c,) B uUj 
(o)xsnirk ? Oysnyrkh) =^xsnyrk (>1 

mark, target 

GMS 976 nl ; TSP 7.198, 22.7; BSTBL, Dhy. 

85(N), 154, 224, 333; -\ Dhy. 226; pi. -t t Dhy. 

371 ; -w, Karab. Insc. 19.7; -h, VV-Li 71 

736 'ysnyrkh S => >Ysnyrk (,) 

737 > Y sp- B,S ^ 
(o)xsap <§)<*xsapa ©f.n. -h, ob. -yh ^'xsp-, 

xsp ()) 

night 

GMS 157; TSP; BSTBL; SCE; MDii; Frag. Len. ; 
Frag. 2a. 11 ? 

738 'yspck => 'yspcykk 

739 'yspcykk S aL^JL^^ 
(o)xsapcik Oyspck) 

black stone, agate 

MDiii 74 n4; MDii pl43.8 ; Frag. 2a.ll 

740 >yst- C O^/juT 

ayast ©pcrf. st. } rst/0 } r-; pt. st. ^'yst- 1 , 'ysd'r- 

OcObcgin 

GMS 457 n l ; STii 1.31, 3.35; AVS 134 

741 'yswmycCy) S (fj^~ : <Jjs*)J~* <**» j'j* ^ 
axsumcc ^xswmyc 

twelfth month of the year 

MDii p74.7 B-l, 2- Hen. Oricntalia. 8, 94 

742 'yswry rwc S ^fj^jjj 
^ysywr rwc 

fourth day of the month 
MDii p94.5 A-9R5; MDiii 

743 ^sy'k- B oj^j^tjxyr 
(o)xsaye/-yak ? ©<*xsawaya\ Yaghn. xisoy 

©inf. 
0c?)gnaw 
SCE 83 ; Gersh. BSOAS 17, 481; IF 1970, 304 

744 >YsyVn S */<Jj^ 
(o)xsewan Oysywn) ^ys'ywn, 'xs'ywn 
lamentation 

GMS 1084; Hen. Tales. 483.10; MDii p47.15 

745 >Ysy>wnkyn S J*Jofs~ 
(s)xsewanken 

mourner 
Frag, Len. 39.6 

746 >ysypt B, S ^ 
(o)xsi(3d ©Av. xsvipta-i Parth. syfu Khot. 

svida-, Yaghn. xsift =>xsy(3t, 'xs'yPt- 



-I ioJjU^S iali- 



—j -J i J3j~* ie\~- 



milk 

VJ 6 a , 1029; BBB plOl; Tales. 486.22; GMS 243 

747 >ysyptk B, S ^ 
(o)xsi(3de OysyPty) ©Yaghn. xsift-, Khwar. 

xwflcy =>xsyPt 
milky, milk 
BSTBL, Vim. 25; VJ 6", 1029; BBB plOl cl8 

748 >ysypty =» 'ysyptk 

749 »Ysy8 S 
axse5 =^xsy5, ys'yS, xsy5 
king, commander 
Hen. Talcs. 481.31; W-Li 

750 'ysywn =» ^sy'wn, 'ys^ywn 

751 'ysywn'k B, S 
(o)xscwane Oysywn'y, 'ysywnk) ©pi. - } yf; ob. 

pi. ->y/y =*Pyy *ysywny, 'xsywnCy), 'ysywny, 

, ys , ywn > k, MLK (,) 
king, lord, saint 
TSP; BSTBL; SCE 5; STii; Frag. Lcn. ; Karab. 

Insc.; TSP 2.664, pi. 'YsywnHt 

752 'ysywn'kmync B 
(o)xscwanc-mcnc Oysywn'ymync) 

^'xsywnymync 

royal 
STii 7.5, 24 

753 'ysywn'y B => ^ysywn'k 

754 'ysywn'ymync =» 'ysyw^kmync 

755 *Ysywnk =^ 'ysywn'k 

756 'ysywny B, S 



o* u 



J3^r" 



U. 



(o)xsewane ©*xsaivanaka- =>Pyy >ysywny, 

'ysywnMc, 'xsywnCy) 
king, lord 
TSP 16.23; Karab. Insc. 16.6 

757 'ysywr rwc S jy ^ «U f j^ j^j i}^ /*A^ 

(o)xsewar roc ^yswry rwc, xsywr rwc 
fourth day of the month 
MD ; Hen. Orientalia. 8.94 

758 >yt- C =* »yt-\ >ys- 



^'JJ 



759 >ytW B, S 

(a)xtu, xatu, xotu ©*haxta, haxidva ^xtw 1 

judge 

SCE 374; Hen. Tales. 467.14, 468 n3 ; Benv. Et. 

Oss. 52, 145; BSL 1956, 51; Gersh. JNES 1964 

23, 10 n31 ; Mack. BSTBL, pl57 



^tSv 



30 



760 'yt'w 1 B =» >yty t 

761 } Ytc S J*(f < f loj 

ay(^)c, ayac Oyc) ©f. adj. =»Yy\ Yc 

all, complete 

GMS 1273; W-Li 94.2 

762 ^tmzyn => ^ytmzyn 

763 »ytw C => >Yty ] 

764 >yty I S, C J^< f L; 
ayate Oy^w 2 , >Ytw) ©ace. Tr>v ; f. ^c =»Y C * 

Yc, } nYty\ 'nY^k 
all, complete, whole 
Frag. Len. 68, 8 ; STii 4.21; BSTi 236 ; C2, 120R3, 

^Ytmzyn "all armoured"; GMS 335 n 1 

765 > Y ty 2 C Jjussl-* 
ayati ? ©*ham-gati ©pred. adj. => > nyty 2 
equal 

C2, 13V18 n p57 

766 >yw B, S (J* > ^>^jj)L>-.ii( ( j»i > j«J > ^)j7 < jl 
xo ©<*hau =$yw\ xw, ZK, xww 

he, the, this, that, is 

GMS 1398; Benv. EGSii 116, 121; Benv. 

Problcmes dc Linguistique Generale 1966, 1, 

191 

767 > Y wVk S fj~tj&kf 
(o)Ywanc (Yw'nh) 

guilty 

MDii pl71 

768 'ywm'n rwc S :^j^)j 3 jj^hJ3J^^^i^ Jjj 

(o)xuman roc ('ywrnn rwc) ^xwmn'ft) rwc 
second day of the month 
MDiii; Hen. Orientalia. 8.94 

769 'ywmn rwc =» 'Ywm } n rwc 

770 'ywmt'n =» 'xwmt'n 

771 } Ywrmzt S >yj* 
(o)xurmazd ^xwrmzt* rwc 

Hormazd 

GMS 86, 395 n 1 

772 'ywrmzt rwc S : ^j^jjj >yjt> «U Jji jjj 

(a)xurmazd roc Oxwrmzt) =*Y wrm zt rwc 
first day of the month 
MDiii; Hen. Orientalia. 8.94 

773 'Yws'nt B, S ^Ij,ju^> 
(o)xusand (Ywsnt) =*xwsnd, 'Yws'nt, Yws'nt 



satisfied 

VJ 112 & etc.; Tales. 475.30 

774 'yws'nty'kh S o.U> Jtl5 j^> 
(o)xusandyak ^Yws'nty'kh, xwsndy* 
satisfaction 

MDii Nov, 5, 11 

775 >yws- B, S u^*ry o-^J^y- 
(o)us ?, (o)xwas ? ^wys- 1 , yws- 
(to)rejoice, (ro)look after 

GMS 421-, Frag. Len. 90, 1-, VJ 1108 

776 »yws- B {j^c^^tj.jr-ijj-^o^ 
(o)xwas ©*hwasru ©f.n. -h 
mother-in-law 

SCE 54 ; GMS 371; Benv. Hitt.IE. 1962, 35 

777 V^nt B, S JUip- 
(D>Yusand ?, (o)xwasand ? ^Yws'nt ?, wYsndyy 
happy 

VJ 54 c ; GMS 969; Frag. Len. 25.5, 37.12, 58.2 

778 'Yws'nt'k B ? *jlj_i> <? j>^*- 
(o)xusandc ? Oxwsndyy) 

happy ?, growing ? 
TSP 2.75; Hen. Texts. 716 

779 'Yws'y- B, S jj^Tj^j < j->j>' 
(o)xwasay ? (^wsy-) ©Av. vaxs- =>xws~ 
OtOgrow, (/o)incrcasc 

TSP 2.358, 359, 778, 886, 905; Frag. Len. 90, 6; 
GMS 428 

780 'Yws'yp- B &J<^ 
(o)xusep (Yysyp) ©<*xsvep\ Av. xsvaeva 
squinting 

Hen. BBB p63, 523; GMS 162, 243 n 1, 416; SCE 
409 ->y ; >Yw?p csrrtk "squint-eycd M SCE 23 

781 } Ywsmy B ^ 
(o)xusme, oxusmi =»wYsmy 

sixth 

GMS 1331 n23 

782 'ywst- B j^\y~ 
(a)xust ©pt. st. ^y wvz -> Y w z- 
(ro)demand, (fcOask 

GMS 160, 933; >Ywst\ Dhy. 77, 84, Ywstw, Dhy. 
80, 79; pret. st. 'Ywst&r-, VJ 1077 

783 'ywst'r B =» >Ywstr- 

784 'ywstr- B j& 
(o)xust(o)r ( } Ywst } r) ©*uxstra-, A v. ustra 

©nom. -y; ace. -w; ob. -C)y> abl. -\ pi. -y(h) 
=»xwstr-, } xwstr- 
camel 



31 



'krt'nyk'rch 



^, 



(»^ji 



GMS 162, 257, 483, 497; VJ; TSP 3.183, 184, 
2.771; SCE 288; >Ywst*ry(hh VJ 86, 416, 13 c , 
1165; TwfVyfc, VJ 618 

785 »Ywsty B <oi UU? «cUy- 
(o)xuste ©pp. 

demanded 

BSTBL, >>->v5f\ Dhy. 77, 84 ; >Ywstw, Dhy. 79, 80 ; 
prct. st. TwsfdV-, VJ 1077; Dhu. 79 

786 >ywsw B, S jLi 
(o)xusu =^\vywsw 

six 

BSTBL, Dhu. 14; MDii 

787 *Ywsy- => ^ws^y- 

788 j YyOy C 
a/(D)ycee ?, (o)yiGi ? OnYySyO 

partnership 

S W, C2, H. V2 ; CII 1990 G9.2 p70 

789 TY(vv) S, B 
Prat Oyyw) ©Idg. -»Pr>t 
brother 
TSP 2.149, 12.62; Bugut. Insc. B2.3 ; Hen. JRAS 

1945, 138.20 

790 > Y yw => TY(w) 

791 >Yyzd } r- C 
axczSar ©prct. st. =»'xyz- 
(to)raisc, 0<?)bring up 
BSTi 84 

792 >yz- C 
axaz, arhxaz ©impf. m } Tz ^'xz-, } xst-, } xyz-, 

} nYz-, 'hy'z-, } nxz- 
(to)risc 
GMS 55, 543; STi 7.2; STii 4.17; impf. maxaz, 

Hen. Tales. 475, 14; Sund. AoF 1981 p213 ; 

AVS80 

793 'Yz'mntq =» ^z'mnty 

794 Vmnty C (£r^)£j^<>^-j 
axazamande, arhxazamande OYz'mntq) 

^'xz'mnty 
resurrection 
GMS 1100; STi 63, 12, 13 

795 >HRZY *± TRZY, 'XRZY(n) 

796 J JYyr- *» jYyr- 

797 *jmnyh M =» jmnw 

798 'jw'nty => jw>ndy(y) 

799 >jwn M 
azon (*j } wny, 'j'wwny) =^*jwn 



Jj^/Vl < Jj^S xl 



j^-^-ji < j=»/^ 



a-"- 



!j<JJj 



birth 

GMS 5; BBB f67 

800 * } k J pt- =4 *kmb- 

801 Vw S =* W 

802 'kSV- S =* >krtw5>r- 

803 »k«ry B, S ( jy ^^ j>)&\ . JU , j>^' 
O)k0ri, kasi, kosc (qsy, qGy) ©*hakr0ya 

<*ak0rya <ko6ri <kdsi =>k5ry, ksy, q6ry 
now, then 
BSTBL p79; MD 

804 'kSrycyk' B >U^>T 
kosicik =»q5rycyk 

present 

SCE 493 ; GMS 976 n 1 

805 'km =» 'ym, »Y , m 

806 J kn- =4 »kn- 

807 'kr'tk'ry B f USI,j-P 
(o)krt-kare, oki-karc ©Parth. krtkny\ Pahl. 

action 
TSP 3.202 

808 >krch =» 'krtch 

809 >krt- B,S (j > > > ^ J ,)j^^/ 
(o)krt ©pt. st. ~>kwn-, wn-\ } kl~, krt-, qt- 

GeOdo, (/o)bccomc 

GMS 148, 386, 652, 603 ; AVS 100 

810 >krt»k ** 'krt'y 

811 >krtWry S, B jf* 
(o)krtan-karc ^'qt^yk'ry 

sinner, evildoer 
Magi. 138.32; TSP 

812 >krt>ny(h) B, S &f <x X 
(o)krtani, oktanya ^kt'nyy 

sin, evil deed 

VJ; TSP; SCE; BSTBL; Frag. Len. ; S W, AO 1981, 
16 

813 'krt'nyk'r'k B, S J^j<jfx 
(o)krtani-kare ^qttoyk'ry 

sinner 

VJ ; Frag. Len. 93.9; Hen. Magi. 138.38, ob. pi. 

-k*ryty\ GMS 1125; 'krt'nyk'r'y, VJ 758, 994 

814 Wnyk'rch S jfj, 
(o)krtam-karc ©f. adj, ^qt'nyq'rc, qt'nyq'ry 
sinner 

BBB 101 e22 ; Hen. Magi. 138.35; GMS 1125 



'krt'rzt'k 



32 



815 'krt'rzt'k B L^.Suir 
Okr^rztk) ^krt'rzt'w 

absolutely 

TSP 6.188, 14.14 n p203; Benv. Notesiv 496; 
Mack, n p50, 22 BSTBL 

816 »krt'rzt'w B UiW 
^krt'rzt'k 

absolutely 

BSTBL, Padm. 61, 67; Dhy. 22(N) ; TSP 6.28 

817 'krt'rztk =* ^rl'rzt'k 

818 'krt'sp's B ^LUUij,^!*, 
(o)krt-sspas ©Pahl. krtsp*s 

obedient, dutiful 

BSTBL, Dhy. 7 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 140, 147 

819 'krt'wcy B ju^" j>ju /un- 
certainly 

BSTBL, Dhy. 400 

820 >krt>y B, S (jy >^- j;)J^ <X 
(o)krte Okrtyy, >krt'k, *krtk t 'ktyy, } qtyy) ©ace. 

y krt\v\ f. >kr0 -^kty*, qty\ >krty, qty 2 
action, deed 
TSP; Sogdica. 60 ; KG; MSP; BSTBL; STii 10.28; 

MD 

821 'krtch B, S u*<jf 
(o)krtc ©f. adj. ^kr^y 

action, deed 

TSP 8.86-, VJ 1053; MDii ; 'jfcrcfc, Frag. 5.10 

822 >krtk => >krt>y 

823 >krtw ** >krt>y 

824 'krtwS'r- B, S (0>> >^^ jjJo^^i o^ 
(o)krtu-6ar OktwS'r-, 'kS'r-, qt J r-) ©perf . st. 

=»>krt-, qG'r- 
(to)do 
GMS 167, 877; BBB 518, 706 

825 >krty B, S (j^ ^~> J j) l »J'ij-*<jf 
(a)krte Okrt'k, 'krtyy) ©ace. >krtw, f. } krt\ inf. 

>krty =* } kty\ 'krt'y 
action, deed 
VJ ; TSP ; BSTBL; SCE 475; STii; MDii ; GMS 847; 

BBB 542 

826 >krty ) M, B l^lo^X 
(o)krtya Okrtyh) ©Skt. karman ©f. n. =>>kty\ 

qty 2 , qty> 
action 
VJ; TSP; SCE; BSTBL; Frag. Len. 92.6; STii 10; 

GMS 948; S W, AO 1981, 14; C2 pl33 



15^'lM* 



*J^./<jy 



827 'krty'kh S fl uf .xj-* 
(a)krtyak 

sin, evil deed 
Sund. MHC p27.10 

828 >krty>kryyh M 
(o)krtya-kare 
performer 
Hen. Sogdica. 55.14 p57 

829 'krtyh B, S =» } krty> 

830 'krtyy M => >krty, >krt>y 

831 >ks- B 
(o)kasc, (o)kos(e)? Oks } y) ©Av. kdrdsa-, Khwar 

y ks =*ks- - 
small, thin 
GMS 1201; Benv. VJ n p94, 39 d ; Inst. >ks\ SCE 

76; pi. >kstK VJ 1264; MSP bl58 

832 >ks>y =* >ks- 

833 >qsy C 
a/akasc ? 
overseer 
BSTii 897.73; STSC 58; C2, 55R13 

834 >ksn B 
(o)kasn, ksan ? ©Skt. ksana =»ksn 2 
time, moment 
TSP 2.121 n pl70 

835 >kst- M, S 
(o)kist, kost =>qs- 
0<?)sow 
GMS 926; MDiii 

836 »ksty(y) M 
(o)kiste, koste 
OcOsow, sowing, tilling 

BBB 570; Tales. 470.55; GMS 926, 931 

837 >ksyc M, C (£l <^1)J& 
akasec ? CksMc) ©Av. aka- ^'xsyc 

hook 

Hen. Sogdica. 30.11a 

838 >kt- M, C 

(o)k(o)t Cqt-) ©pt. st. 
krt-, qt- 

0o)do, (r6»)become 
GMS 144, 148, 578, 603 

839 >qt- =¥ >kt- 

840 'qt'nyk'ry M 
(o)ktani-kare ©ob. pi. ~ty 

'krt'nyk'r'k, qt'nyq'ry 



^U* <^U»o 



cJjO^j 



iir 



X. 



=*kwn- 



^ ji)d^ to* J* 



>krt-. 



^kr^nk'ry, 



33 



'kySrp 



sinner 
GMS 1125 

841 'kt'nyy M .lAjUjlT 
(o)ktani ^'kr^nyCh), qt>ny 

sin, evil deed 

BBB f9, 24; GMS 1035, 1038 

842 >ktVk M u^<*^3 
(o)kt-ark ©ob. pi. -tyy 

dutiful, having carried out 

Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 142; Sund. KG 2328 

843 »ktw8»r- ** ^rtw^r- 

844 >kty> M J*"jf 
(o)ktya Okrtyh, } qtyy) ^'krt'y, *krty, qty 2 , 

>krty> 
action, act 
BBB 627; GMS 948 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 141 

845 'ktyy =* >krt>y 

846 >qtyy C ** 'krt'y, ) kty ) 

847 >k\v l B, S 
(o)ko ^kw\ k-, kV 
to, towards 
Anc. Lett. 1.7, 3.9 11,20 

848 W B 
(o)ku ^k'w 3 , kw 3 
wherever 

VJ 531 etc.; BSTBL, Vim. 165; TSP; GMS 159, 
1555 

849 >qwc- C j^J\ 
akoc =»*qwc-, 'k'we- 

GcOhang, (rc)suspend 
BSTii 867.25; C2, 27R25 

850 'kwc'n'y B (jW^-^/v^/ 
(o)kocane ^kwc'n'k 
KuchcanQanguage) 

Hen. Sogdica. 61.24 

851 'kwcyk M ^^>'^^-^ 
(a)kocik ^kwc'n'k 

Kuchean 

Sogdica. 8.12 c n plO; GMS 159, 996 

852 'kwS 1 B,S 4f\*6T<±j><l*f 
(o)ku5a =^kw5' 

where, wherever 

TSP 5.32; Frag. Len. 93, 37 

853 } kw8prm B ^j^j^^j* 
(o)ku5parm (kw5prm, } kwprm) 

wherever, until 



UT 



(0>> j^-J J~>)^J<>*! "* 



Uf^ 



&f 



(w_/ ^</)? loJ 



(wS^L»^ t^^J^r ^ 



TSP 2; Hen. Texts. 716; GMS 1558 

854 'kwprm =» ) kw5prm 

855 >kwrS(5) M 
kur5 =»kwr5(5), qwrG 
where 
GMS 159, 1533 

856 'kwrts'r =» kwrts } r 

857 'kws'nyk S 
kosanik ^kws'nyk^ 
(o/)Kushan 
MDiii p!02 

858 >kwsty B 
kuste ? ©Skt. kustha 
costusiname of a plant) 
TSP 1172, 19.20 n p232 

859 >kwts>r B, S 
(o)kutsar 
where to 

VJ 407 etc.; KG 330; GMS 461 n 1, 1534; 
'ifcwi-Sy.GMS 1532; SCE 516 

860 >kwt-(y) B, S JL 

(o)kut Ckwtyy, kwty, } qwtyst) ©nom. gen. -y ; 
abl. -»; pi. - (>) yh, -1st =»kwt 

dog 

GMS 159; Frag. Len. 83 b 6, 93, 37; -y, TSP 
2.772, 3.138, 254, 13.188; Anc. Lett. 3.24; SCE 
313; abl. >kwt\ SCE 124; TSP 3.188; pi. >kwtyh, 
SCE 226; TSP 2.784; >qwtyst, GMS 1186 

861 >kw(-)ty B .^ <<T^> <b*f 
(o)ku-ti, ku-tc ? (kwty, J kwZY) 

where, how 

GMS 1532, 1516; VJ 43\ SCE 91, 206, 396; 'kwty 
pw nwkr, TSP 2.871, "absolutely" 

862 'qwtyst M =* >kwt-(y) 

863 >kwtyy M *» >kwt-(y) 

864 J kwyc =» 'k'we- 

865 >kwZY =» J kw(-)ty 

866 >ky B, S (jj* ^^ j*)*?^ <&T 
(o)ke ^ky, ky> 

who, whoever, which 

SCE ; TSP; VJ; BSTBL; Frag. Len. ; MD ; GMS 159, 
1503 

867 >ky5rp B >k<j£i 
(s)kosp ©Av. kdhrp ^kysp, ky6rp 

shape, form 

-wK SCE 60; ob. -y, Tales. 470 n 1 ; Benv. Notes 



'kysp 



34 



joMa < J^i- 



^urO "0> 



If^J '(j*)^ 



4, 507; Hen. Texts. 721, krsv- 

868 >kysp B 
(o)kosp ^'kySrp 

shape, form 

TSP 1636 n pl77 ; Texts. 721 

869 >kytn =» 'kyty, -n 

870 >kyty B 
kc-ti (kyty, >kyZY, >kytn) 

whoever 

GMS 1506, 1545; KG; BSTBL 

871 >kyZY => 'kyty, c>nwty 

872 >LH S 

(o)Su OSh 1 ) ©Idg. =>>sw : 
this, he, the 

Anc. Leu. 2.42, 49; S W, TSP 1994, 43-50; CI, 
1991, 184 ; MDii, Nov. 2, 5.6 pl04 

873 >LK S (>»M 
©*7w ©Idg. 

those, the 

>LKw t Anc. Lett, iii 3; S W, CI, 1991, 183; MDii; 
TSP 1994,43-50 

874 >LK§NT S (^)JL^i 
©Idg. 

this year 

MDii; Gcrsh. Melanges Bcnv. p200 ; S W, TPS 
1994, 46 

875 'ro- 
om, am ©<ima ©in compd. =^m\ *m$> {} \ 'my 2 , 

mw 
this 
GMS 308, 608, 654; S W, TSP 1994, 41-53 

876 >m> S y j 
(o)ma (>mh, 'myO ©OP ima 4'mw, >my 2 

this 

Anc. Lett. 5.16; MDii 

877 >m } c C 
amac ©f. adj. ^'m'ty 
ready 
BSTii 849.12: C2, 12R12, 51V6 

878 >m ) 5 S 
ma9/8 ^m'5 
as, for 
Anc. Lett. 3.32 

879 'm'ywn M 
(o)mayon =>m>Ywny 
all 



ji' 



«oUI 



C/J tiL* l oy? 



Hen. AM 1952, 203.6 

880 >mW S kj^i^ij* 

=**mng 
truely 
BBB 614 

881 >m>nk 2 S ^ 

amang ? ©Munj. amenga; Yidg. amuno; Pasht. 

mana 
apple 
CII 1990 F 19.1 n p 59-60 

882 'm'ty C ^uT 
amate Cmty) =» ) m > c ? "m'tyCy) 

ready 

STi 27.7; BSTii; C2 gloss,, GMS 14 

883 Wy S(MD) =* >my : 

884 >m>y8 S ^ 
mc5/9 0my8) ~»my6 3 

thus, as 
MD 

885 >mb > r M 

ambar =^ } mbyr-, pw'mb'r, 'np'r, 'nJVr 

satiety 

GMS 544, 1164; BBB p98 b95 ; AVS 79 

886 >mbrz C 

ambarz ^ } n|3rz, 'brz 
reception, care 

GMS 655, 656A; STi 30.13; S W, C2 p73 ; +Payani 
"divine visitation" 

887 >mbyr- M o^J^^J^ 
amber ©<*ham-pdraya- =» } mprt 

(^)fill 

BBB 98; GMS 304, 654, 1653; Hen. Cosm. 307.35; 
AVS 79 

888 >mbysty S ^ 
ambaste, amboste ©pp. pi.-/ =^bsty, 'nP'st'k 
bound 

STSC 146 

889 >m5 (,) S bwj 
(o)ma5 ? =*m5\ m5y, > m- 

here 

Anc. Lett. 4.6 

890 >m5>ryh S c ^ 
motherhood ? 

Anc. Lett. 3.35 

891 >mh =» > m> 

892 >mn S u 



^^r- <xSJ, 



\j* oU/; '^J>A 



35 



> my ) mnt(y) 



J,' 



-*'- 



(o)man ©lpl. pers. pron, =»-mn 

us 

GMS 1376; Tales. 475.19, ZTmn 

893 >mpd- C j 3 l»l 
ampaS ©<*ham-pata =* } mpt-, 'mpst-, »np*t-, 

mpt-, >npst- 
Oo)fall 

STi 3.4; GMS 304, 585 ; Sund. AoF 1981 p2l3 

894 'mprt C 
amb/part ©adv. =^mbyr- 
fully 
C2, 94 V6, 12 

895 >mprt-xw>r C 

ampart-xwar ©adj. =^mprt, 'mprt-xw'ry', 

xw'r 2 
eating one's fill, satiated 
C2, 94V8 

896 > mprt-xw , ry > C 

ampart-xwarya (xw'ry*) ©<xwdr- ©n. f. 

^'mprt-xw'r, 'mprt 
eating one's fill, satiety 
C2, 94V23 

897 >mprty S 
ambarte, ampartc ©pp. ^mprt 
filled, full 
Hen. Tales. 475.21 

898 >mpst- S 
amp/bast ©<*ham-pasta ©pt. st. ^'np't-, 

>mpd-, 'np'st-, ) mst- 1 } mpt- 
(ro)fall 
GMS 453; STi 36.10; STii 4.20 

899 > mp st> C 
ampasta ©f. pp. 
fallen 
BSTi 124; GMS 861A 

900 >mpt- M, C 
am/npat ©<*ham-pata- ©impf. rript 

^mpst-, 'np'st-, >mpd-, 'np't- 
Oo)fall 
GMS 633; C2 gloss. 

901 Wy- B 
(3)mry ©-\ pred. inst. ^mry 1 
bird 

SCE 170, 174, 179; GMS 1182 

902 ^re C JUAi ^ 
amarG Om'rG) ©pi. -/. b. pi. ~ty 
companion, fellow 



dplal 



>b£l 



jiUal 



IS 



0-> jp^~ 



BSTi 78; C2, 104V 13, 40R6, 51R7. 

903 'mrtch S l^UobjU- 
amarc ©f. adj. =^mrt-, mrt J t rwc 

immortal 

Anc. Lett. 3.4; GMS 138 

904 >ms- M 
am(o)s ©lsg. impf. m } ms(w) =**ms- 
(ro)plough 

GMS 634 

905 >ms> M,S 4y«j»> 
amsa ©f. n. ob. pi. -ty -^ms* 

obedience, attention 

BBB 727; STii 6.14 ; C2, 51V26; GMS 1269 

906 >mst- C jjisi 
ammast ©pt. st. ^'mpt-, } mpst-, 'np'st-, 'npst- 
0o)fall 

STii 3.67; BSTi 150; GMS 453 

907 »msy'tr S(MD) =* msy'tr 

908 fat'y ==» 'myty 

909 >mty C ** 'm'tyCy), 'm'ty 

910 'mtycy' M ^<oJL^ 
amticya ©^mtyci pi. as adv. =*»*mtyc, *mtycw 
truth, true, trucly 

BBB 614 p76 

911 W B,S (0>>>^^)^J 
(o)mu ©<imam ©pron. art. sg. ace. ^'myn 1 , 

'my 2 , > m > , mw 
this, the 
GMS 1401; EGSii 126; S W, TSP 1994, 48 

912 W B, M j^syLr* 
me ©lsg. pers. pron. 4-mn, } zw 

me 

GMS 1475-78; VJ ; TSP 

913 >my 3 B, S (o^^^J 
(o)me, mya Om'y, 'my', } myh) ©pron. art. ob. ; 

gen. loc. ^'myn 2 , my 2 , y m\ 'mw, mw, m- 
this, the 
GMS 1401, 1475; Gharib. MJM p397 

914 'my* =» 'my 2 



915 'my'nVnt B 
amyamand ? 
finished 

Mack. BSTBL, n p57, Dhy. 142 

916 'my'mntCy) B, S 

(o)myamande/i (my'm'nt, my'mnty) 
this, such 



JfL 



*myS 



36 



(>a)^U 



,A U <J^ T 



O^ 1 



CMS 1477; TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 142; Frag. Len. 
23.13, 51.2-, STii 10, 24.41; SCE 549; >my>m*nu 
TSP 6.94 

917 >my5 S(MD)(AL) =* m > y5 1 1 >m>y5 

918 'myS'ny B =^ my5'ny 

919 'mySr-y B ^^^ 
(o)mi9r, mis, misi ? (mysyy) ^mySr*, mys- 
Mithra 

VJ 1206 ; Bailey. BSOAS 18.35, 21.45; Gcrsh. 
AHM 40n35, } mySry pt y yc, "in the presence of 
Mithra" 

920 >MYh S 

mat (m'th) ©Idg. 

mother 

Anc. Lett. 3.12 

921 >myh B =» >my : 

922 >myk M 
amik (*myk, "nVk, J myq) 
impurity, infection, taint 
GMS 5; C2, 51V4p97 

923 'myq C =* } myk 

924 >myn' C 
amen Oymyn) 
amen 
STii 1.11, 4.26; C2 gloss. 

925 >myn : B 
(o)men Omyny) ©pron. art. gen. abi. inst, -na 

=* } my 2 , *mw, >m- 
this t the 
GMS 1401, 1466; STii; Frag. Lcn. ; BSTBL n p64 ; 

Gharib. MJM p398 

926 'myny *=> } myn 2 

927 ^p^k S 
anPaydc =^npxs- 
divided 
KG 372 pl96 

928 toptot 1 B 
anPand CzP'nt) =»nP>nt, nPnd 
cause, because of 

SCE; TSP; BSTBL, Vim b 197, Dhu. 63, 243; STii 
10; Frag. Len. ; -y t BSTBL, Dhu. 243, Intox. 19 

929 >np>nt J B J^^^^ 
anpande, ambande ©*ham-bandaya- ^bntCt), 

pw } nPnt 
joined, attachment 
SCE 446; BSTBL, Dhu. 251; >finty t CII 1990 E 



Ji' 



4Xi -jy f 0-^«-^~J3j 



C-ip-0 <L^ i A^ i <OJp 



} brty, 'nPr-, 



203 p43 

930 » n p*r S j>*. U 
anPar, ambar ^'mb'r 

store, reservoir 

MDiii p80.7 ; MDii, } zJ3 y r ? 

931 ^pVt'kw S 
anParte, anpartaku, arhbartaku ? 

'nPrt'kw 
in brief, 
KG 488; S W, C2 p76, 21 

932 'npVzkr'k B, S, M jy «g oU>J ^ j 
anParz-kare, arhbarz-kare Onp'rzkr'y) 

®*ham-brza ©ob. pi. 'nfirzkrty ^'brzbry* 
minister, trcasurcrO/ie title of an important 

minister) 
VJ 254, 1337; Hen. Brahman. 117; S W, C2 pi 56, 

77R7 

933 'npYzkr'y -» 'np'rzkr'k 

934 'np'st- B J^jij*j=-- 
anjiast, arhbast (*p*si-) ©inf. pt. -»>bsi- 
(to)bind 

VJ 342 

935 ^p'st'k B J^<^ 
anPaste, ambastc OnP'stk) ©pp. ^bsly, 'p'stk, 

'mbysty 
bound, joined 
TSP 2.287, 5.24-5; S W, C2 p75.26 

936 »np»stk => 'np'st'k 

937 J npr S 

^Py- 

my lord 
Tales. 478, 16 

938 >npYs- S 
anpaxs, ambaxs 
(ro)divide 
MDii; MDiii A-18 ; AVS 130 

939 *>nPYt- => 'npYtd'r- 

940 'nPYtdY- S 0f 

(*'nPYt-) ©pret. st. ^npYS- 
OeOdivide 
MDii; Bugut. Insc. 

941 >npr- B oif^s^/^ 
anPar, ambar Obyr-) ©impf. mnfir ^mPr'kw, 

>nprt>kw, } nPyr- ? 
(ro)arrange, (ro)gaiher 
TSP 2.698; AVS 79, 102 



JjyyS 1 



'np^t'k, >nPxs- 



J'j^i 



36 



oy>** i jUjI 



>brty, J n(3r-, 



37 



^T 1 



Iju 



r>y) 

Vbrzbry* 
poriant 

W\ C2 pi 56, 



■»bst- 



bsty, "P^tk, 



jj^- J 1 



<jj^ j^. 



OV uT^ 



^nfk'kw, 



942 topr'kw B 
anParaku ? 

continuously 

BSTBL, Padm. 27.45; Mack, n plOj S W, C2 

p76.21 

943 >nprytk B g=fcl<J>* 
anPrayde, ambrayde (nP'rytk, 'nPryty) =^bryty 
paralysed, crippled 

SCE 93, 117 

944 »npryty =» 'nPrytk 

945 »nprt*kw B, M jy-j^ <^^« <^^- 
anParte ©<*ham-brta- ^'nP'rt'kw, } brty 

in brief 

Intox. 31, BSTBL; S W, C2 p76, 21 

946 >nprz S ^Jl^ ^J^JL 
anParz, arhbarz ^'mbrz, >brz, 'Pznw 
reception, care 

GMS 198n 1; CII 1990 F22 ; >n0rzkr "minister", 
S W, C2pl56, 77R7 

947 'npxs- M o^J' r ^'io^J'j^y 
anPaxs, arhbaxs ©<*ham-baxsa; MP hambaxs 

©impf. mnftxs ^npys- 
(^)dividc 
GMS 632; A VS 130 

948 J npy6- M 
anPeS, arhbe5 ©*ham-baudaya-\ *Parth 

amboy 
GcOkiss, OcOcontact 
GMS 187 

949 »npyr- ? S 

anPer, amber =»>npr- 

(to)narrate, (/o)judge 

MDiii-, »J3yr-, MDii pl54.6; AVS 79, 104 

950 > nc »y- B j^l^o^ 
ancay (»nc>y-) ®<*ham-caya-i *ham-y Scya- t 

Oss. ancay-; Khwar. hncy- ©impf. mnc ()) y 

^nc^Cy), »ncy- 
0o)stop, 0o)cease, (reOrest 
BSTBL; VJ ; TSP; GMS 179; BBB cl7 ; C2 gloss.; 

MSP; Frag. Len. ; MDii; Anc. Lett.; Benv. 

Notesii 225; Et. Oss. 25; Bailey. JRAS 1961, 54 

951 Wn M,C,S ^ (j 7 J 
ancan Onc'nh) ©ob. -y ^pw'nc'n 
pause, rest 
TSP 2.131; GMS 1026, 1166; Benv. Etii 125; C2, 

68V16 pl49; MSP b201 ; 'nc'nt'k ? "quiet", 
MDiii p84 n 2, >nc't y k ? 



O-^-ji Ljsfa^ 



tJijS OjLiaS i(J*j% ^JjJ 



«^j&jt 



^njmn, 



.^^L 



> n5 ) yk(h) 

952 'nc'nh B «* >nc } n 

953 WtCy) C jfu^ijT^^ 
ancat(e) ©<*ham-cyata- -» J nc*y- 
appeased, rested, resided 

BSTi 174; C2, 12V1 

954 Wy- S, M, C =» >nc»y- 

955 5 ncmn M, C 
ancaman, anjaman ©ob. -y ; ob. pi. ~ty =^ 

'ngm'n 
assembly, reunion, church 
STi 87.24; GMS 67, 265-, C2 gloss. 

956 >ncn(8st) B u»^ 
ancan-(5ast) ©<Skt. ahjali 
with hands joined in prayer 

SCE 403; VJ 1446; TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 181 

957 >ncy S .^T^ijT 
ancay ©*ham-cya-ya ©f. -h\ ace. -w 

^'nc-'Ky), 'yncy 3 
quiet 
Anc. Lett. 7.2, 1.2; } ncyw, Anc. Lett. 3.28, 5.2; 

Srhvk } ncy "healthy (at) an case" 

958 'ncy- C, S jxU O-^J tJj£<J&j^> 
ancay Onc'y-) *> ) nc , y- 

OcOccasc, 0a)stop, OcOstay 
C2 gloss. 

959 >ncyr M 
ancer, anjcr 

fig 
BBB 517 

960 >nd ==> 'nt 1 

961 >n8»s- S 
andas Od't-) ©impf. mnd*s ^d's- 
Uo)be surprised, (r<?)be wonder 
MSP bl52 ; S W, C2n p60 

962 >n8>st>k S ^J^ 
andaste ©pres. pt. ^'d'ty 

surprised, amazed 
KG 463 

963 >nS\v- B jjUU < jjjjuI 
andaw ©<*ham-; u^daw ©inf. ->y =* } n8wt- 

(to)anoint, GcOapply 

GMS 573 ; TSP 14.21, 20.2, 7.112, 3.155; SCE 171; 
BSTBL, Dhy. 70 ; AVS 96 

964 WykOi) B, S Ji>*,>jj<J^ 
andik =^ J dyq, >n5yk 

form, manner 



j*py> 



'yncyr wn 



JJU-^ 



Wyscy 



38 



TSP 3.158 n pi 96; - Wf TSP 3.155; KG 486, 525, 
529, 632 

965 WPyscy B ?^«> 
refusal, rejection ? 

Lentz. STii 10,37; Hen. BBB 573; CMS 1008 

966 >n6py- B j^b^yo^ 
andPay, an0way ®<*ham-9waya- -^nSpyt, 

*Sp'y- 
0o)develop 
CMS 293; TSP 2.361; Hen. Texts. 734, AVS 94 

967 , n5pyt B <»jj 
andPit ©pp. =>>n5Py- 

developed 
GMS431 

968 , n6m , k ** 'nSm'y 

969 'nfim'y B, S y&^xS 
andame OnSmy, 'nSmyy, 'nSnVk) 

®<*ham-ddman ©pi. -t -^dmy 
limb 
GMS 283, 1254 ; KG; BBB 560; BSTBL, Intox. 23; 

W-Li, ii ; >n6m*y, TSP 5.28 

970 ^Smy =» ^SnVy 

971 , n6myy M *+ 'nSnVy 

972 >ndrnyr M (^JL^ 
sndrnir ? Cntrnyrh) ©<Skt. indranila 
sapphire 

Sogdica. 24.12; GMS 61 

973 'ndryk M Oj>u^ <=-Jj <'^f >>- ^ *r'>- 
andarlk ©pi. -t =»>ntryk 

eunuch 
GMS 91, 995 

974 J n5wt- S ojUUo^jJuI 
andut ©pt. st. ^'nS'w- 

(ro)anoint 

GMS 573; inf. KG 552, 573; AVS 96 

975 'ndwxc M ~*«> 3 x\ 
andoxc ^ntwyc 

sorrow 

GMS 396, 1004; KG 2335 

976 ^dwxcn'k M tl ^>u! <^"Uj>x! 
andoxcnak Ont'wycn'k) ^'ntwycn'k, 'ntwxcn'q 
sorrowful 

BBB 510; GMS 1059; Tales. 472.34, 473.24 

977 >ndwxc xwr- M jjj_^ 0J xl 

andoxc xur 
GcObe sorrowful 



GMS 396, 1004 

978 'ndwxs M J& iJ&J' 
anduxs ©ob. -yy ^ntwys 

effort, pursuit 

Hen. Tales. 470.54; KG 2374 

979 'ndwxs- 1 M oxj^/ 
anduxs Ontwxs-, >ndwxs- : ) ^ntHvys 
0<9)strive 

BBB 710; GMS 539; AVS 73 

980 >ndwxs- 2 B => Wwys-, todwxs- 1 

981 >n8yk M, S cl^,jJu ixJ ^ 
andik, an8ik ? ©<*ham-dais~ ©ob. -v ^dyq, 

J n5'yk(h) 
nature, function, custom 
BBB f91 ; GMS 1151; Hen. BSOAS 11.69, 29; MSP 

b64, 65; C2, p75 ; Bcnv. Et. 2.125 

982 »n8ysn M, S (^x/)jU;oL; 
andesn, an5es(a)n ? Ondysn) 

©*ham-daisana-\> andesan ©pi. -/ =» } dysn 
symbol, mark 
BBB 753; GMS 283, 549, 1026; Bcnv. Et. 2, JA 

1959, 123, 124; Frag. Lea 37,21 

983 >ndysn M => 'nSysn 

984 'ndys- 1 C Oo-7>* 
andis ©<*ham-disya ©intrans. v. ; prct. st. 

*ndysd y r- 
(to)socm 
STi 52.4; GMS 195, 549; AVS 82 

985 J ndys- : C j.bjUj 
andes ©<*ham-daisaya ©pret. st. ^ndyscVr-*, 

trans, v. 
(to)show 
STi 11.2; Bcnv. Et. 2.123; GMS 195, 549; AVS 82; 

^ntysny, prcs.part. CI1 1990 G4 

986 'ndysyq C Lu Ki7 
andesik 

appearing 

STi 52.4; GMS 897 



987 >nfVsy M 

anfrase ©*ham-prsa~ 

question, inquiry 

Hen. Tales. 470.51; GMS 655 

988 >ny w s B 

anxas =^x } s, Vs, 'ny's, B y } ns 

dispute, fight, struggle 

TSP 8.135, 13.7 n p2 16, 202.15 



^r*jj* 



l'J 



<wk-*=>- 



39 



*nyrks*y 



? f l^<?c^«fj£ 



989 > nr > 8cyk M 

anYaScik 

praising 

Hen. Talcs. 486.13, >nY } 6cykw 

990 >nY , mk S 

^ny'mk 
food ?, time ? 
Anc. Lett. 5.28, 1.9 n p9.l6 

991 'ny'nz- B => 'nrs- 

992 'nY'rtk B 
anyartc ©<*/iam-; ^gar- 
fertile, flourishing 

Vim. 31, 89, BSTBL n p21-,, , zrV/ , * 1 S W, BSOAS 
1983, 46 

993 'ny's B ju^IjmX*. 
anxas ^ny's, } x } s 

struggle, dispute 

GMS 659; TSP 13ii7 ; Vim. 139, BSTBL; Bcnv. 
Notcsiii 222; Notesiv 199; Sogdica. 60.2 



>*Y rt ystr 



994 >nY ) st- B 



o*£t}- 



"C ->■*" 



J^^s <tf*J% 



anxast ©<*ham-xasta ©pt. st. -^nY^-, } nxst 
(ro)picrcc, (to)prick 
SCE 169; AVS 114 

995 »nY*stk B 
anxaste ©pp. ^'nxstyy 
pierced 

SCE 169 

996 »nY's- B, S jj^tf ^ ^ JV ^ 
anxas Ony'nz-) =»nxs-, pY'rs- 'nys- 
(fo)withdraw, (ro)retirc 

BSTBL, Dhu. 210; Frag. Len. Ill V5 

997 >nY'st- B 
anxast ©pt. st. ^nyz-, toyst-, v xst- 
(to)risc 
VJ 1133; BSTBL, Dhy. 253 ; AVS 80, 132 

998 'ny'tch S *± 'nytch 

999 >nY > w B 
anyaw ©<*ham-gama 
haste, effort 

VJ 129; TSP 13.15; GMS 351A 

1000 'ny'wnc =» mywnc 

1001 >nY'wy- B =» myw'y- 1 

1002 'nfyz- B O^Uo^xL 
anxez Onyyz-) ©inf. -»y ^nyz-, } nxyj- f } xyz-, 

'nx^z- 



i^v i<-^bii 



EGSii 21; GMS 543; VJ 1137; TSP 14.7; ViX'yz-, 
BSTBL; >nx } yz-, STii 7.11, 16, 8.11, 9.17; inf. 
>nY>yz>y, TSP 6.150, 15.23; >nYyz>y, Dhy. 310; 
pref. st. >nr>yztd*r t TSP 5.121; AVS 80,132 

1003 'ny'yz- B =* 'ny'yz- 

1004 >nY } z- B ^L^ ^^'l <o-^-ul 
anxaz ©<*ham-xaz ©impf. mnTz =*>nYSt-, 

'yz-, >nxz-, } nyz- 
(ro)rise 
TSP; GMS 55, 543; AVS 134 

1005 >nY8- B J-U^^/^jj- 
anxa6 ©<*ham-xad-, Knot. khad-\ Khwar. xd- 

^'ny'st-, mxst- 
0o)picrcc, (ro)prick 
SCE 100, 48p45 ; AVS 114 

1006 'ngm'n C ^'j**** 
angman ^'ncmn, ^jmn, 'njmnyq 

assembly, crowd 
BSTi 236 



GcOrai; 



tse 



1007 'ngm'ny' C ^jA^'j^ 
angmanya ^'nkm'nCy) 

in face, openly 

GMS 1037; STi 74.2; Bcnv. Notcsiii 203 

1008 'nyr B Jk^i^fji^ 
anxar ©<*ana-har ? ©pi. -/ =^'nxr 

star 

VJ 25, IT; TSP 3.148, 150; Andreas. SPAW 
1910, 310 

1009 'nyr^mnyy M =$ 'nyr'mn'y 

1010 'nYr'm- B Q;>bflJo ij^J'j^^ O^jo^v 
anyram ©impf. mYr^m 

0o)slander 
SCE 243 

1011 'nyr'nui'v B exjfr^y o j^~*# 
anyramne Onyr'ninyy) ©pres. part, 
slanderer 

SCE 145; GMS 892; Sogdica. p52 

1012 'ngr'nd- M u-^<Cp^ b A 
angrand Ongrnd-) ^nkr'nt- 

0o)cut in pieces 

GMS 48, 245; BBB 500 ; Hen. Magi. 143.19 n 2 

1013 'nyr'n rwc S (0>': t yJ^) ftU f , .j- JJJ 
anayran-roc, Anaghran (nyrn* rwc) 
Anagran, thirtieth day of the month 

MDiii BUR 

1014 toyrks'y B ^Uiojlx- <^>^i 



'ngrnd- 



40 



OJLta^^ loX^lai — * 



^^C^'C- 3 ^ 15 ^ 



anxar-kase ©pl-t(h) 
astrologer 

VJ21.8 1 , 13\ 27, 58 

1015 } ngrnd- =* 'ngr'nd- 

1016 >nyrs- S 
anxars (nyrs-) ^nys- 

(/o)overtake 

MDii B-17 R7 pl20.7 

1017 >nyrwzn B 
anxar-wazan ©Parth, axtar-wazan ©pi. -'/ 

=> } nxrwzn, 'xrwzn 
zodiac, constellation 
TSP 3.151; BSTBL, Dhy. 168, 238; Hen. Texts. 

727 

1018 } ngs M Oj_^i4j^f 
angas ©<*ham-kas 

face 
GMS 245 

1019 'nys- S jj^^^v^ ^jv* 5 * 
anxas ©<*ham-karsa- -fr'ny's-, } nyrs- 
0o)retirc, OoOwithdraw 

GMS 343; Sogdica. 34n3, 30 Add.; Frag. Lcn. Ill 

V5 

1020 'nyst- B o^-^^j^ 
anxast ©pt. st. ^nyz-, 'ny'st- 

(to)rise 

BSTBL, Dhy. 253 

1021 'nysty S <^u^<l^<<oL^J 
anxaste ©pp. 

standing 

Hen. Tales. 481, 39 

1022 »nYt'k B, S ( jj^ >^ >>) J^ <J\f <^L; ^ 
anyate Onytk) ©<*ham-gata -^nyty 1 , 'yty 1 

all, entire, complete 

VJ ; TSP ; BSTBL; SCE; KG; GMS 253, 335; 

'nYt'kw, VJ 385, 1353; } nYt y w y VJ 273; Tales. 

486.13; >nYtkh,\ J 56 

1023 'nytch B, S J*if <<u* 
anyac Cnyttc) ©f. adj. =»Y C 

all, entire 

GMS 1433; TSP 9.95; VJ 228, 529, 39 e ; BSTBL, 

Dhy. 324; KG 563; 'nVtch, MSP bl03 ; Hen. 

Giants. 70; } nYttc, STii 575 

1024 >nytk ** 'nyt'k 

1025 'nytmzyn M ^L^U 



anyat-mazen Cytmzyn) 
completely armoured 
GMS 335 n 1 

1026 >nyttc M => >nytch 

1027 >nyty' B (u>>>^- jj)>1^*<*a 
anyate Onytyy) ®<*ham-gata-ka\ Parth. 

angadag\ A v. hsngata-, Oss. dnYdd; Khwar. 

} ngdi OP hagmata =* } Yty\ 'nyt'k 
all, entire 
BSTBL; GMS 335, 1273; Frag. Len. 50, 6 ; MSP ; 

Gersh. TPS 1979 125; BBB b47, -yyh 

1028 >nyty : B Jji^j^ 
anyate, anyati ? <§><*ham-gati\ <*ham-gata; 

*hama-gata =* } yty : 
equal 
BSTBL, Vim. 44 ; Sund. MSP bl59 n p40 ; VJ 

1241, >nYtk= 'nYty, S W, C2 p57.18 

1029 'nytyy M =» 'nyty 1 

1030 >nyw B c*j<o±<Jxj 
anxu 

life, soul, conscience 

VJ 18 d , 791 n p94, 1114, 1277, 1332; GMS 403 n 
h'zYwhl 

1031 'nyw'st- B (o^)j^-^<j^o^ 
anxwast Onywst-) ©pt. st. ^'nyw'y- 1 , 'nxw'y- 

>wxsty 
OoMnfringc, Gc>)brcak, (ro)harm 
TSP 13 ii 7,2.1129 

1032 'nyw'y- 1 B <Oj^ <y-£i < oij'j^s* tj*J'^y±~ 

anxway Onywy-, 'ny'wy-) ®<*ham-xwdhaya\ 

Yaghn. unxdy- ^'nyw'st-, ^w'y-, } nxw'y- 
GcOinfringe, 0<?)break, GeOharm, Go)cut 
BBB 505; GMS 541; TSP, inf. 'nYwfy 3.283; VJ 
219, 795 ; BSTBL, SCE ; AVS 95 

1033 ^yw'y- 3 B jJ^<=-^ Ojj>-^-^ 
anxway ©*ham-xwah-ya ©pass. st. 

Go)be conquered, be infringed 

GMS 541; TSP 2.544; VJ 6\ Hen. Texts. 720 

1034 'nywh B ^J\ iaax^ 
anxuh ? =» } zyw(h) 

breaking, harm 
GMS 403 n 1; VJ 218 

1035 >nywn M, S -u^.jujU 
anyon ©*hama-gauna-, MP; Parth. hangon 
like, so, as so 

BBB p!04 f62 ; GMS 91, 1113; KG 374, 576, 612 



41 



'nkm'nCy) 



OlJ'^ tJl^C^ljb 



o>. 



<>^L*& fju;L*jfc 



^xwncCh), } xwnc, 



1036 'nywn- S 
anxwan ? 
forbid, bother 
MDii p53 B8R 18; Mack. BSOAS 1970, 118; 

Gersh. Melanges Benv. 

1037 'nywn'k B 
anyone ©MP hamgonag 

like, likewise 

Vaj. 25, BSTBL; GMS 1114 

1038 'nywnc S 
anxwanc, anxonc ©ob. -y 

'wxwnc 
struggle • 

GMS 659; Frag. Lcn. 49.5, 50.4, y nT y wnc 81.9 

1039 'nywnc'yS B, S <c^.Ji> ( ^U 
anyonciS, anyoncT/cO OnywncyS) 

likewise 

GMS 1109; TSP 2.927; BSTBL; MDii; Bugut. Insc. 
-w, MDii 3R 15 

1040 } nywncy5 =* 'nywnc'yS 

1041 *ngwpyn M =¥ 'nkwpyn 

1042 'nywst- B =» 'nyw'st- 

1043 'nywst'k B 
anxwastc ©pp. ^nyw'st 
cut, broken 
TSP 2.118, 119 n pl70 

1044 >ngwst M 
angust Onk'wst) ©<Av. angusta =»>nkwst(h) 
finger 
GMS 91, 253 

1045 >nywt S 
anyut ? ©Oss. amVud 
period, date 
MDii B-4R10, -y, n p60 

1046 'nywy- =* ^yw'y- 1 

1047 'nyySy' S ** >yy9y 

1048 } ngyrp M 
angirp ? ©<han-k9hrpa 
with united bodies 

GMS 48, 141, 245; Hen. Giants. 68.14n6 

1049 'nyyz- B => >ny'yz- 

1050 'nyyznykh B jfj xS3 Ji><S'j~ x s 3 M K fs ft) 
anxeznik ? 

{name of a/z)emetic drug 

TSP 19.5 n p232; Hen. Texts. 713, 715 



cJ s ^ it 



ZjfpJaS i 



±J>. 



Q..jL>qI 



O^j "j J- 1 



jjjj-jfc {4^-^j *A<J ^g[fo<jju U 



tdJUjj jL 



^J'xj 



J-^j '. 



1051 »nyz B J.^^y^t^^> 
anxaz ©n. ^'ny'st-, 'ny'yz-, 'ny'z-, } yz- 
rising 

VJ 1088 

1052 >nyz- B, M O^SV^ < jajVL < j=~U^ 
anxaz ©<*ham-xaz ©impf. m/i/z -^ny'st-, 

'ny'yz-, 'ny'z-, >nxz-, } yz-, >xz- 
0o)risc 
GMS 55, 543; Gersh. BSOAS 14, 492; SCE 92, 

398; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; AVS 80, 132 

1053 'nyznyy =* 'nyzynyy 

1054 >nyzynyy M 
anxaz(e)nc Onyznyy) ©prcs. pt. 
riser (one who rises) 
GMS 55 

1055 'nj'wny M 
anzawnc, anjonc On/Avny, >z } wny) -^nz'wn'k, 

'z'wny 
life giver, saviour 

BBB; W-Li; GMS 656, 894 

1056 'nj'wynyy M 
anzawene Cnz'wyny) 
saviour, life giver 
GMS 894 

1057 >njmn M 
anjaman ©ob. -y =» J ncmn, 'ngnVn 
assembly 
GMS 67, 265, 1221; BBB 543, f42 

1058 >njmnyq M 
anjamanik ^'ngnVn 
(belonging to r/ie)assembly 
GMS 994; W-Lii; BBB 

1059 >nk } npw B =* >sk>np 

1060 'nk'wst B => >nkwst(h) 

1061 >nk»yr B 
ankir, anger ? ©<*ham-garya ?; Yaghn. inkir 
hearth 
BSTBL, Padm. 38 

1062 'nk'yr'y B 
angere ? 

(related fcOhearth 
TSP 14.11 

1063 'nkm'nCy) B, S 
angaman ^ngm'ny* 

open, public, before 

BSTBL, Dhy. 189; TSP 2.545; GMS 1037; KG 445; 



J*^ 



o^y ] 



°jy 



^SJ^ '^Jjp 



^t^'^Ajj <j^-l 



'nkrtot- 



42 



STSC 144 

1064 ^kr'nt- B O^AO-^ 
angrand ©<*ham-krnta ^ngr'nd-, 'skr'nt- 
(to)cut in pieces, cut up 

TSP 2.159; SCE 183, 223; GMS 152; BBB p58, 
500; AVS 112 

1065 'nkr'yp- B J-h~^- (oJ^lj^^y^ 
angryp ? ©impf. mnk^yp 

Go)agitate 
VJ 1000 

1066 'nkwpyn B, S ^i 
angupen Ongwpyn) ©<*angupaina-; Av. 

paena 
honey 4 

TSP 19.7, 16 n p232 ; BSTBL, Padm. 40; KG 368 

1067 'nkwst(h) B, S ^i 
angusl OnkHvst) ©ob. -y ; pi. -// ^p>5y >nkwst, 

} ngwsl 
finger 
BSTBL, Padm. 42; Dhy. 21, 29 ; MDiii; TSP 14.23, 

24, 25 ; ob. pi. >nkwstyt, TSP 5.24 

1068 'nkyrcykh S (^A* fk)<o~*» 
angcrcik ? 

{name of a/i)illness 

TSP 3.10 n pl93 ; Hen. Texts. 726 

1069 >np>r B *<w* 
anpar, ambar =^>mb J r, 'nP'r 

filling, satiety 
TSP 2.417 n pl75 

1070 »np } st- B 0^1 
anpast ©<*ham~pasta ©pt. st. ^npst-, 

'mpst-, 'mst-, 'np't- 
Oo)fall 
Lentz. STii 575; GMS 453, 865 ; VJ 46 b , 197 ; AVS 

110 

1071 >np>stk B •xfil^Usl 
anpaste ©pp. 

fallen 

BSTBL, Intox. 2 

1072 »np»t- B jpiai 
anpat, ambat ®<*ham-pata-\ Khwar. >npd- 

©impf. mnpt ^'np'st-, 'mpd-, >npt-, } mpt- 
Oo)fall 
GMS 269, 633, 304, 585; TSP 2.11, 280, 333; AVS 

110 

1073 *>np>ys- ? S fr/^y» 
anpes ? ©<* ham- ni pais ©impf. rrinp^ys 



=^nw>ys-, m'np'ys- ? 
(fo)copy 
Panjk. Insc. Livsic. HMV p26 

1074 >np5 B ?k^ 
anpa6 

footless, without feet ? 
TSP 9.133 

1075 >npst- S o^i 
anpast ©pt. st. ^'np'st-, 'mpst- 'mst-, 'mpd- 
(w)fall 

GMS 453; Hen. Tales. 483.19; Frag. Len. 57.5 

1076 >npt- B, S o^Usi 
anpat ©impf. mnpt ^ } mpd-, 'np't- 

Go)faII 

TSP; SCE; BSTBL, Vim. 128; MSP bl5 ; Frag. 
2a.l7; GMS 633 

1077 >ns»c- B => ^s'c- 

1078 Wk B ^jo^^jjL. 
ansak ©<*ham-sdka ^'ns'kCy) 

provisions, means 

BSTBL, Dhy. 98, -\ Dhy. 286; ob. -y, Dhu. 175; 
Vu^y, Frag. Len. 85, 12 

1079 'ns'c- B ^L<j^^ 
ansae Ons*c-) ©impf. mns } c ^'ns'ys-, 'ns'yt- 
Go)prcparc, GoHix, (to)disposc 

SCE 395, 403; BBB ; GMS 632; Bcnv. Notcsii 223 ; 
Gersh. AHM 257; AVS 73 

1080 'ns'ys- B o>y&y> O-^^—j-* <0^«j^T 
ansaxs ©<*ham~saxsa-\ Khwar. y sxs- ©mcd. 

pass. st. ^'ns'c-, 'ns'yt- 
(ro)be arranged, (fo)be fixed, 0o)be successful 
TSP 3.214; BSTBL, Vim. 141 

1081 Wyt- B ji^u7o^cw.>» 
ansayd ©<*ham-saxta- ©pt. st. ^ns'c-, 

'ns'ys- 
(fo)prepare, (ro)be prepared 
GMS 859; AVS 118 

1082 tos'yt'k B jiji>-^b^u7 
ansayde Onsytk) ©pp. ^ns'yt'w, 'ns'yty 
ready, suitable, prepared 

TSP 2.96, 370; >ns i rt > kw, VJ 343 

1083 WytV B ^b^w 
ansayde, ansaydau ? ©nom. ^ns'y^k 

ready 

VJ 860; ESGii p75 

1084 Wyty B 6J u7 
ansayde Onsytk) ^*s*ytk, ^s^k 



43 



'ns'yp- 



■i^'j'j'j 



( jU^)jO jU o'j'>^ 'v*'^ 



swr 



ready 

TSP 7.79, 134 

1085 >ns>kcyk B 
ansakcik 
suitable 
TSP 6.187 n p205 

1086 »ns»k(y) B 

ansak(c) =^ns*k, Vq 
suitable, fitting 

BSTBL, Dhu. 37; TSP 23.11; Frag. Lcn. 23.4, 7.75 ; 
ob. -y(hh TSP 2.420, 6.130 n pi 75 

1087 'ns'rty B 
ansartc *=»srt 
cold, cooled 
SCE 103 

1088 >ns>\vr B 
ansur Onswr) ©s^as-; Oss. ansurd 
G'vory)tusk 

VJ ; Bailey. BSOAS 23, 28 n6 ; Prolcxis. 407 

1089 Wwr'k B ( juU^ ^ j,t jj)^y ^txj* <jh^y 
ansure Onswr'k, 'nswr'y, 'ns'w^y) 

with tusk 
VJ passim. 

1090 »nsWy ** 'ns'wr'k 

1091 'nsWpr'k B 
ansur-pare 
with tusk 
VJ 68, ~vv 

1092 Wwrprch B 
ansur-f3arc ©f. adj. 
with tusk 
VJ65 

1093 Wych S 
ansic Onsytch) ©f. adj. 
pressed, rubbed 
TSP 3.8,41 npl93 

1094 > ns >y6- B 
anseS ©<*ham-said 
GcOexcite, OcOexhort 
SCE 546; TSP n p207, 6.179; Ben v. Et. Oss. 59 

1095 >ns8> M 
ansSa ? ©lpl. pres. 
GMS 785; AVS 224 

1096 >nsytk =» 'ns'yt'k 

1097 *> nS p B 
ansap ? ©<*ham-pas ? ©ob. >nspyh ^>sp 



jj^Ipo'^U 



Ji^y 



6«UlU< 



iQ}j*» 



=vnsy- 



JJjJ I <*S j2*j4j i *JL?t->jl y 



-*JLr t*\* 



snare, trap 

TSP 2.275; S W,C2, p!79.4 

1098 'nsp'kh's J^.^J 
anspak ^nsp'kh, fsp* 

carpet, rug 

TSP 13.7; Bcnv. >nsp>kh, "equipment"; S W, IIJ 
1976, 54, 56; STSC 13 

1099 »nsp»nh ? S l#oi^<4*;OLr- 
a(n)span ? ^'sp'nh ? 

compensation 

MDii p22 V16; Gcrsh. Advice. 91 n 39 

1100 »nspst»ky*kh S =* ^spstqy* 

1101 'nspstqy* M {^jJ'^j^j^c^lJ^^jZ. 
anspastakya Onspst'ky'kh) ^spstky* 

zeal, willingness to serve 
GMS 338; W-Lii; BBB ; Sogdica. 3; KG 490, 
-y>kh, 612; S W.IIJ 1976, 57n61 

1102 * > nspt- ? S jju^^U-^ 
anspat ©impf. mnspt 

0o)risc, (rc>)bccome active 
Rust. TSP 13.25 n p226 ; S W, IIJ 1976, 55, 57n61 ; 
Bcnv. mnspt 

1103 >nsr B ^ j& 
ansar 

headless 
TSP 9.133 

1104 >nst S 9^ 
crowd ? 

Rust. TSP 13.9; Gcrsh. apud. S W, IIJ 1976 p59 ; 
Bcnv. y yst 

1105 'nswr => 'ns'wr 

1106 'nswr'k => 'ns'wr'k 

1107 'nswr'y => Wwr'k 

1108 'nsy— S d^^J^J < o*y ijx*i_L> 
ansay ©<*ham-su- ©inf. -*y ^'ns'ych 
(fo)rub, GcOpress 

TSP 3.4 etc.; AVS 94 

1109 >nsytch =* Wych 

1110 >ns>yp B j± x 
ansep 

envelopment 

BSTBL, Vim. 75 n pl9 

1111 'ns'yp— S jij^jsi i(^j^>~ jj) Oxj>w <jjcli^ 
ansep ©inf. - (>, y =» } syp-, } sybt- 
(^)envelop, Go)bury 

TSP 3.267, 277 n p214 ; Ben v. Eti 308; BSTBL, 



'ns'ypt 



44 



■ a _A/^*^" *0-^^*" 



Dhu. 275; AVS 106 

1112 'ns'ypt B ajJ^<jy.^ 
anscpt, ansipt ©pp. =» } sybt-, >syp- 

buricd, enveloped 
BSTBL, Dhu. 45 

1113 'nsk'fyy M <x\& 
anskafe ^ptsk'p- 

splitted 

BBB 542; GMS 968 ; Sogd. Cpds. 145.3 

1114 'nsk'np B (Jl*<jl*r 
anskamb ©<*ham-skamb- ^sk'np 

world 

VJ 992; GMS 367, 372 r 

1115 'nsk'r- B j^.h^id^J'^^^d-^- 
anskar Osqr-, } nskr-) ©<*ham-skar- ©inf. 

y nskr y y~ 
(to)pick up, (to)coUcct 
VJ 1037, 1016; GMS 709, 921 

1116 >nskr- => 'nsk'r- 

1117 >nskrt- B 
anskart ©pt. st. 
(fo)collcct 
GMS 860; VJ 1019, 1037 ; AVS 103 

1118 »nskrt»y B 
anskartc Onskrtk) ©pp. 
picked up 

VJ 1038, 1017 

1119 'nskrtk =¥ 'nskrt'y 

1120 'nsp'kh S >-^j>^i 
^'nsp'kh 

equipment, rug 

Rust. TSP 13.7 n p226 ; JA 1955, 309 ; Frag. Len. 
46.12; Schwartz. y nsp% S W, IIJ 1976, 54.7 

1121 'nspn- S jx^fojL*^ <o-u°j7 
anspan ? Onspyn) ©impf. mnspn =^spn- 
0<?)rcst, GcOstretch 

Rust. TSP 13.7, 25 n p226, 195; Benv. JA 1955, 
309; Schwartz. STSC; JAOS 1969, 445; S W, IIJ 
1976, 45; BSOAS 1983, 42 

1122 'nspr- B, M o*j~<jaj*h<o>jr'fi 
anspar ©<*ham-spar =>prsp>r 

(to)walk, 0o)step 

GMS 370 ; VJ 806, 782; TSP n p226 ; AVS 103; 
Hen. Cosm. 307, 24 

1123 ^spyn =^ *nspn- 

1124 >nst>t- B, M ^^ 



anstat ©pt. st. ^sVy- 

(to)show 

BSTBL, Dhy. 315; pret. st. >nst y td>r Tales. 469.21 

1125 'nst'y- B, M, S d^CM^ 
anstay ©impf. mnst y y ^st'y- 

GcOshow 

GMS 657; BBB; TSP 7.94; 13iil0 ; BSTBL; VJ 960; 
KG; MSP b67 ; Frag. Len. 101 Rl ; AVS 92 

1126 'nsystyy M ? <»yLJ 
ansistc ? © Aw. ham-sisto; hi&wat- ©pp. 
pressed ? 

BBB 493 

1127 >nt' B j/ 
and Ond) ©Av. anda\ Khot. hana% Parth. hand\ 

Orm. ond 
blind 
BSTBL, Dhy. 184; GMS 283; Hen. Brahman. 110 

n 2; Bailey. Prolexis. 384 

1128 >nt : B, S 

and ©<hanti ©3pl. prcs. ^'st'nt, xnd, ynt 1 . xnt 
GMS 765; AVS 224 

1129 >nt»c B =* >nt>c 



1130 »nt>c B 



f- 1 ^ *CT^ " J ^ 



andac Ont'c) ©<*ham-taca ©ob. -y 

group, assembly 

TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len. Ilc2; GMS 655 n 1 

1131 »ntVnt(y) B ^-r ^j/ 

andacand(c) 

in group 

TSP 14.1 n p229 

1132 'nt'ys- S (ji^iO^^aL 
antaxs, andaxs ©impf. mni y Ys 

(/cOresort 

TSP 13.11; GMS 721; Lazard. SI 1976, 299 

1133 ^t'wyc B ^"jxl 
andoxc =>pw 'n^wyc* mdwxc, 'ntwyc 

sorrow 

TSP 2.1164; Frag. Len. 38.3; STii 9.4, 6; BSTBL, 
Dhu. 267, 269 

1134 ^tHvycr^k B =* 'ntwycn'k, 'ndwxc^k 

1135 'ntSvys B j& <J±f 
andoxs ^ntwys, >ndwxs 

effort 

TSP 2.51, 9.106 

1136 'ntHvys- B jjj^jf 
anduxs ( } ntwxs-, 'ntwys-, 'ndwxs-O ©inf. - } y, 



I 
I 



45 



'nw'stk 



_>/, _>£ => J ndwxs- 
OcOstrive 
GMS 45, 539 ; TSP; SCE 195, 212; BSTBL, Dhu. 

36, 281; BBB 710; Frag. Len.93.28; STii 9.4; inf. 

Dhy. 67, 128, 306 ; AVS 73 

1137 'nt'wys'k B, S => totwys'k 

1138 'ntqy 1 C ^.U^^'y^*^ 
andakya 

modesty, chastity 

C2, 12R10, 102R17; BSTii 849.10, 827.17; S W, 
C2 p55.10 

1139 } ntp B j^Ojl^>v 
antap, andap ©*ham-tafna, Wakh. andav 

fever 

TSP 3.27 n pl93 ; TSP 7.52, 8.151; S W, BSOAS, 

1989, 258 

1140 'ntr'ys- B o-^o^f jU tjj^f^ 
andraxs ©<*ham-trnxs; A v. 0raxla\ Khot. 

hamthriS; Parth. tryxs ©med. pass. impf. 

mntr^Ys ^ntryt'y 
(/cObc disturbed, (rc)bc oppressed 
GMS 152c; VJ 18 d , 791 etc.; AVS 73 

1141 >ntr'yk B =* >ntryk, >ndryk 

1142 } ntrpr\vkh B bjJjL,^ 
andar-Prok 

between the brows 

BSTBL, Dhy. 44, 172; ob -y f Dhy. 253, 354, 370; 
Benv. Notesii 218 

1143 'ntryt'y B ? ^ 
andrayde ©Parth. ^ndrxtg ©pp. 

oppressed ? 
TSP 22.16 n p235 

1144 'ntrnykh ? B =* } ndrnyr 

1145 } ntrnyrh ? B =» 'ndrnyr 

1146 'ntrwrtn B => ■trwrtn 

1147 >ntryk B (^jj^V^^^^j^ 
andarik Ontr'yk) ©ace. -w ; pi. -/ => } ndryk 
eunuch, castrated 

SCE 126, 237, 355; BSTBL, Vim. 156; Hen. 
Mittelir. 80 ; GMS 995 

1148 >ntwyc B, S ^ «jjul 
andoxc ©ob. -y ^'nt'wyc, } ntwxc, >ndwxc 
sorrow 

GMS 396; TSP 3.118; Hen. Tales. 480.6, 483.8; 
Frag. Len. 57, 12, 'ntwYcK Tales. 480.2; MDii 



1149 'ntwycn'k S ^UjjuJ < ( - r Jt* >ui 
andoxenak Ont'wycn'k) ^ndwxcn'k, 'ntwxcn'q 
sorrowful 

MDii; Frag. Len. 44, 16; -w, KG 

1150 >ntwys B, S {Jj^)^ t j^/ 
anduxs Ontwxs- 1 ) ©ob. -y =^ndwxs, ^wys 
zeal, effort, endeavour 

BSTBL, Dhy. 322, 365; KG 602; MDii; Tales. 
480.27; Sogdica. 2.2 

1151 'ntwys- =» 'nt'wys- 

1152 'ntwys'k B, S (Uj^)j^^^/ 
anduxse, anduxsak On^wys'k) ©pi. -t 
striving 

TSP 2.1131, 1153, 8.193; MDii; Frag. Len. 39.10 

1153 'ntwxc C ^«jjuI 
andoxc, anduxc ©ob. -y ^'ntwyc, 'ndwxc, 

'nt'wyc 
sorrow 
STi 72.5; BSTii: C2 gloss. >ntwxc *ny- "to 

distress", n pi 79. } ntwxc xwr- "to be sad" 

1154 'ntwxcn'q C SLajmU^a^ 
andoxenak Ontwxc^k) ©pi. -/ ^ndwxc^k, 

'ntwyc^k 
sorrowful, grieved, sad 
C2, 12R15, 60R22, 22V10, 55 V19; STi 72.4, 

73.10; MSP, C2, 3; >ntwxcn>kw, KG p 40 

1155 ^twxcn'k S =» 'ntwxcn'q 

1156 'ntwxs- S =* 'ntwys, 'nt'wys- 

1157 'nw S 
(o)nu =)nw-' 
without 
Anc. Lett. 5.29, ^m^fizflr^k, "without pain" 

1158 »nw»st- B, S 

anwast Onwst-) ©pt. st. =>> 

(ro)gather, (/^assemble 

GMS 870; SCE; MDii; Frag. Len. ; AVS 132 

1159 Wst'k B, S £^^,.0^ 
anwaste Onwsty, 'nw'stk) ©pp. 

collected, gathered 

TSP; SCE 429; BSTBL, Dhy. 300, 343, 364; Tales 
485.1; WJ/>£w, TSP 2.632; SCE 481; BSTBL, 
Vim. 2, 77; KG 487; Wft'w, BSTBL, Dhy. 3, 
12, 208; Frag. Len. 81, 14; >nwstk, TSP 7.15; 
WJf'w, Dhy. 90, 256 

1160 Wstk *± ) nw > st*k 



Ui'JJ-** 



nwz-, >wst- 2 



'nw'sty 



46 



cr^ 



*-0-?tjl i f-*>*>~ 



1161 'nw'sty S 
anwaste ^'nw's^k 
gathered, assembled 
MDii A17,4 

1162 Wc B 

anwac ©<*anwasti 
assembly 

SCE 485; GMS 382, 655 nl; Sund. OLZ 1974, 
>nt>c 

1163 »nw'ys- 5 o^J'C^ 
anwes ? ©<*ham-wais ©3sg. impf. rn'mvy's 
(ro)preparc 

Panjk. Insc. Livsic. HMV 263n 36 

1164 *nw J yz- => >nwyj- * 

1165 >nw'z B -u^U-.*^ 
anwaz ^'nwz- 

asscmbly, union 
TSP 7.86, 173 

1166 'nw'z- B =» >nwz- 

1167 >nwVk B,S,M (r ^^j»/ 
anwazc Onw'zk) => J NwZK 

assembly, gathering 

VJ 3*, 1511; SCE ; TSP ; BSTBL; Frag. Lcn. 82 a27 ; 

BBB ; Wz'jfcw, VJ 146; TSP 6.81; 'nw'zkyy, 

GMS 986 

1168 WVy B, S ^u^-l <t ^ »j/ 
anwaze Onw'zy) =»>NwZK 

assembly 

SCE 508; BSTBL, Dhy. 364, Vim. 59; Tales. 

483.10 ' 

1169 Wzk ^ 'nw'z'k 

1170 'nw'zy =* 'nw'z'y 

1171 'nwsn't- M, C jjb Jj^j (CpJ'iJj 
©pt.st. 

(fo)initiate 

KG 580; 3sg. pret. >nwysn>td>rt, Sund. KG pi 78; 
S W, C2 p76, 13 

1172 >nwst- M=» >nw>st- 

1173 >nwstk B*» } nw J st J k 

1174 Wsty *> W^k 

1175 WtSYky' M ^u-, 
anut-5arakya 

protection 
GMS 1136 

1176>nwt(h) B,M,S c-U^^Usi 



L?JJ'(^" 



anut ®<*anutia\ OP anusiya ©ob. -y(7z> =^nw 

} nwt 
protection 
GMS 1136A; TSP; MDii; Frag. Lcn. ; Anc. Lett. 

2.51; W-Lij BBB b77 ; Hen. Tales. 480.9, 480.8; 

TSP 2.1159, Ww/i, 2.113; VJ 811 

1177 >nwyj- M J^Afj^/^/^ 
anwez Onw } yz-) ©*ham-wdzaya ©caus. st. 

^'nwz-, J wyz~ : 
(recollect, 0o)gather 
GMS 66, 542; AVS 80 

1178 'nwyj'mndyty) M 
anwezamande 
collecting 

BBB 649; GMS 1100 

1179 >nwysn- M j^f (^j)^*^ ijij'ijj 
anwis(a)n ? ©impf. mhvysn 

(reinitiate 

GMS 547; S W, C2 p76.13; Sund. KG pl78 

1180 'nwysnyy => 'nwysynyy 

1181 'nwysynyy M o^^^^r*^^ 
anwiscne Onwysnyy) 

initiator 

GMS 547; S W, C2 p76.l3; Sund. KG p 178-9, pi. 

} nwysynyt 

1182 *nwz- B, M, S j^^J" iJ^^^r 
anwaz Onw'z-) ©<*ham-waza- =^nwyj-, 

'wz- ( 'nw'z, } nw*st- 
GcOasscmblc 
GMS 542, 632; TSP 2-297; SCE 270; BSTBL, 

Dhu. 137; Tales. 483.6; Frag. Len. L75, 5; AVS 

SO, 132 

1183 >NwZK S ^j^«fc*T 

>kw, ku ©Idg. (prepos. def. art.) 

where, to, in, at 

Anc. Lett. 2.52, 3.9, 6.3; S W, CI, 1991, 185, 11; 
AVS 132 

1184 >nwzk S=» >NwZK 

1185 Wyz- B o^^Oj^V 
anxez ^ny'yz-, } nxyj- 

Go)raise 

STii 7.11, 16, 8.11, 9.17; AVS 136 

1186 *nxr M J&rji*^ 
anxar ©ob. ~yy-, pi. -/; ob. pi. wyy, -tyh => } nyr 
star 

Hen. AM 1952, 203; BSOAS 12, 312.118; BBB 



47 



'ny'mt 



1187 'nxrwzn M £j^fe>> 
anxar-wazan ©ob. -yy ^nyrwzn 

zodiac 

Hen. BBB; JRAS 1942, 236 ; Cosm. 312.117; CMS 
341; Sogd. Cpds. 146 

1188 >nxst- M j^iiijiJ'Jiy^ 
anxast ©pt. st. =*>ny5-, 'ny'st- 
Go)stimulate, (ro)incite 

GMS 840 

1189 'nxstyy M <=?«Jll^ <<ais5C>?t7 
anxaste ©pp. ^'ny'stk 

incited, goaded 

BBB b 13, GMS 840 : 

1190 »nxst- S ju^j 
anxast ©pt. St. =* J nxz-, 'ny'st-, 'nyst- 

(ro)rise 

MSP bl50, pp. y nxsty 

1191 'nxsyp- M OJ^ < j=*jg-i> 
anxsip ? ©<*xswip- 

GcOwrigglc 
GMS 243 

1192 'nxw'n M j=?*,s* i <-^ 
anxwan ©<*ham-xwdhana 

breaking 

GMS 1026; BBB f20 

1193 'nxw'y- M j^Sz. <j*J'j**j*> cJ^J'<J'^ 
anxway Onxwy-) ©<*ham-xwahaya ©impf. 

mnxwy ^nyw'st-, ^yw'y- 1 
OeObrcak 
BBB 505; GMS 541, 632, 655; Sund. MSP p41 ; 

AVS95 

1194 >nxwnc(h) M, S JL^i^uG 
anxonc ^'nywnc, 'xwnc 

dispute, fight 

BBB 519; GMS 1004, 659; KG 349, 2334, 2374 

1195 >nxwnng M X^^I^JU*- 
anxong 

dispute 
Sogdica. 28, 26 

1196 } nxwy~ =4 'nxw'y- 

1197 >nxyj- M o^o^-cL 
anxez ©caus. st. ^'ny'yz-, 'nx^z-, } nzyynt- 
0<?)raise 

BBB 567 

H98 >nxz- M ^vu 



anxaz ©impf. mnxz ^'nxst-, } nyz-, *Yz- 

(to)rise 

GMS 55, 543, 632; BBB 545; MSP b29 c8 

1199 >ny-' C &j><o>JJ^h 

anay- ^'nyt-, 'nyd'r-, 'n'y- 
(fo)lead, (fo)carry 
C2 gloss. 



1200 >nv- 2 



( 



oys . 



* j->)X J 



ane, ani ©<*anya ©ace. ~w; ob. -\ -hi pi. -t 

=^nyh, 'ny*, ny-,'nyw 
other 
GMS 494, 1191 

1201 >ny w m- S => 'nyM-) 

1202 >ny"wr B =» 'ny'wr 

1203 'ny' B JL> 
anya ^'ny- 2 , 'nyh, ny-, 'nyw 

other 

GMS 494, 479, 1199, 1336 n 1 ; dat. VJ 1011; gen. 

SCE 129; abl. SCE 4 ; TSP 3.257 ; Dhu. 171; ace. 

Dhu, 238; STii 10.31 pi. >ny>n; TSP 21iii, 12 

1204 ^y'ywn'k S ojU>«j//j 
anya-yone 

different 
Anc. Lett. 3.30 

1205 »ny'k B (jtfU)^ 
(o)nyak ©pi. -th =»ny»k (,> 

grandfather, grandsires 
TSP 2.182 

1206 'nyW-) B, M, S ^bo^Ott 
anyam, azyam ? Ozy'm, ^y'm-) ©pt. st. y nymh 

^*y >m 
end, 0#)end 
GMS 659, 957; TSP; Frag. Len. 58, 2, 95, 4 ; KG 

485; AVS 101 

1207 'ny'm't =* 'ny'mt-) 

1208 'ny'mcyq M ^l^f^U 
anyamcik ^y'mcyq 

final 

GMS 1014; KG 2326 

1209 'ny'ms- S oj^^tjxlJA 
anyams Ozy'ms-, ^yms) 

(to )be ended 

Rust. TSP 13.12; Benv, >zfms\ Hen. Texts. 715; 
AVS 74 

1210 ^y'mt B ^Ls i^loll 
anyamt Cz'ymt-) ©pp. 

ended 



'ny'n 



48 



TSP 2.1224; Hen. Texts. 715 

1211 >ny>n B $A> 
anyan =»>nyt 

others 

TSP 21iii, 12 

1212 >ny>s- B jkf 
niyas ©3sg. prcs. } ny } st =*ny's-, ny*s-, ny't- 
Oo)take 

TSP 2.278, 279, 848 3.37, 13ii 9 

1213 »ny'w6 B =» ny } w6 

1214 'ny'wr B, S J~<*3 
anyawar Ony'wr) =>ny } wr 

formerly 

BSTBL, Dhu. 292; CMS 85 n 1, 479; MSP bl38 ; 
Frag. Len. 93.10, 103rl >ny*wr, VJ 104 

1215 'nyVnk B, S ,j^<o/l/ 
anya-zang Ony'zng) ©<*anya-zanaka 

•4'nyV.nk 
different 
TSP 6.48; BSTBL, Dhu. 52; MDii; >nfz*nk\ TSP 

9.62; SCE 12.67; >ny } nz y nkh TSP 2.122; 

Vi/zVzjtw, MSP b31; ^ny*z*nk$tr "more 

different", MSP b9.103 

1216 >nyVnk\v'k B o^i^/o/ 
anya-zangawe 

difference 

BSTBL, Vim. 104 ; CMS 1082 

1217 »ny'z(h) S ju 
(o)niyaz =»ny } z 

need 

Anc. Lett. 3.31; Hen. Tales. 486.18 

1218 toy'zkyn S _u*jU 
(o)nyazgen, (o)nyazken ^ny'zk^n 

needy 

Hen. Tales. 486.19 

1219 'ny'zng =* 'ny'z^k 

1220 'ny'znk S vjdu^o/u/ 
anyazang ^ny'^nk, ny'zng 

different 

BSTBL, Dhy. 158, 159, 234 

1221 >nycw S(MD) =» »yc 

1222 'nyd'r- C O^O^^l^'j 
anay-5ar ©trans, pret. st. ^ny- 1 , ■nyt-, *n } y- 
GcOlead, (ro)carry 

C2, 69R14; Sund. AoF 1981 p2l3 

1223 >nyh B, S Jt, 



anya ^ny*, 'ny-* 
other 
.TSP 2.1085; MDii 

1224 *nyms *» toytos- 

1225 >nys B J^ ? J>> } t 

anis ? ©<*anya6ra 
otherwise, elsewhere 
VJ 1230; GMS 85 n 1, 299 

1226 >nyt ji/.-, 
anyt, anit Onyu(h)) ©<*anita ©pi. ^>ny>n 
others 

GMS 1246, 1676-, VJ ; BBB ; STi 21.13; MDii; Frag. 
Lcn. ; TSP 2.182 

1227 *nyt- C j^l^-y < jj^I^a 
anit, anyt ©pt. inf. ^ny- 1 , B n J y- 

(to)Icad, (/o)fctch, (/o)bring 
C2, 7V20, 22R12, 15; trans, pret. st. ) nyd ) r- 1 C2, 
69R14 

1228 'nyttCh) ** >nyt 

1229 >nyw (jj* j^jj)/** 
anyu ©<*anyam ©ace.; in compd. >nyw*5 y k, 

*nyw *5yc, } nyw znk*n ^ny- 3 , >ny\ ny-, nyw 
other 
BSTBL 

1230 *nyy my5 S =» } zyy myS 

1231 »nz 1, n- B =* 'nz'n- 

1232 'nzVk B =* 'nzWk 

1233 'nzVy B =* 'nz'n'k 

1234 Wn- B, M, S o^oI^pI «j^-Li 
anzan Onz*n-) ^'z'n- 

(r#)confess, OeOacknowIedge 

GMS 632; BBB 614; BSTBL, Dhy. 2; TSP ; MDii 

pl41 ; Frag. Len. 120.6, 46.4; impf. mnz*n; pt. st. 

VizVzV; inf. >nz>ny 9 BSTBL, Dhy. 40, 79 ; AVS 99 



1235 Wn'k B 

anzane OnzWk, 'nzWy) 

acknowledgement, confession 
Dhu. 144, 156, BSTBL; TSP 5.105 

1236 'nz'n'nVnty S 
anzana-mande Onz'n'mndtyh) 
confession 

Sogdica. 64.5, 65.28; GMS 1100 

1237 'nzWmndtyh M =$ mzWnVnty 

1238 'nz'nwk 03 B 
anzanuk ©ob. -y 
on knees 



\J»\j*-\ i 



-Li. 



.Jl>*l 



oJ j *jl 



jyjtyjj 



49 



'pY^s- 



VJ 216 etc.; -w, VJ 73; -y % VJ 216; GMS 423 

1239 'nz'pt'ym B =* 'zn'ptnym 

1240 »nz , wn ) k S J*>j*j<^ 
anzawanc Cnz'wny) ^'z'wny, ^j'wny 
saviour, life giver 

KG 544; GMS 894 

1241 'nz'wnv =* 'nz'wn'k 



1242 



;Nvt- S 



j^^S jl-tsj i o>^p *-^ j 



anzut, anzot Oz'wd'r-) ©pt. st. ^'z'w-, zw- 

(/cOresuscitate, (ro)wake 

Sund. KG 524 pret. VizV/tfV-; GMS 546 

1243 'nz'wyny S =» 'nj'wynyy 

1244 >nzY5- S : jju^^^ 
anzyaS ®<*ham-zgad ©lsg. sub j. y nzYS y n; 

impf. mnzYS =>Pjy55-, > wjy5(8)-, mnzyS- 
(ro)jump up, 0o)lcap 
MSP b!56 b!87 p41 

1245 >nzYst- j^JL 
anzyast ©<*ham-zgad- ©pt, st. -Vzyd-, 

Pzy5-, } wjy&(6)- 
GcOlcap 
MSP bl59, 196; inchot. >nzYs ?, MSP b 201; Sund. 

MSP p41 

1246 'nzyynt- S, C j^yi 
anient ? ©3sg. prcs. *nzYynl; impf. mnzYynt 

^zyd-, 'nzyS-, 'nxyj-, mnzYynt- 
(fo)lead up 
Sund. AI 1988, 180; MSP bl23 p41 

1247 >p C ^T 
ap ©f. n. ; ob. -y =*'p, >b 

water 

STi 59.16, 16.11; GMS 305; C2 gloss,; Sund. AI 
1988, 180; AoF 1981 p213 

1248 >P S (>0j 
ut ©<uta ©Idg. =>>PZY 

and 
MDii 

1249 >p>ty B 
apate ? (»p>t) ~>»p»t 
prosperous, accepted 
TSP 12.24 n p224 

1250 >p>y- -> »p>y- 

1251 >pc- B 
(o)pac =>pc- 
(to)cook, (w)boil 
SCE 233 



t^jj>, 



jt I i*&~y *J>^a (<S^X> 



<jjjl£*jj>- i\~?K^ 



ji/u 



H Uf < 



:* 



1252 >pc } s- B jjLi>- 
(o)pcas ©Yaghn. picas =*pcs-, ptcs- 
(ro)taste 1 

SCE 77 

1253 'pc't B jUj <c-_y *4«ii 
(o)pcat(u) Opc'tw) ^pc } t(y), 'pye't 

time 

BSTBL, Vim. 109; GMS 179; Benv. Notesiii 225; 
Et. Oss. 258; KG 422 

1254 >pc , tw M, S ^ > pc , t 

1255 »pcmp8 ** } fcmb5(6) 

1256 'pewstw B 
(o)pacwastu ? =»pcwstw 
directly, suddenly, at once 
Mack. BSTBL n p23, Vim. 142 

1257 'pcy'y B 
(o)pacyay ©<*pati-dy- ?; OP poiiyaisa 

-*pcy*y, pc'y 
benefit, profit 
TSP 3.103; BSTBL, Vim. 146; GMS 170, 199 

1258 >p6 , nk (,) B c~ 
(o)pa5ank «^p8 > nk 

calamity, misery 

TSP 6. 1 69, 173, 196 ; -\ TSP 6.144, 8.160 

1259 »p6»np , y B uf 

(o)p5anpay ?, (o)p5anpe ? 

beggar 

SCE 373 n p39; Benv. Notules. 276 

1260 'pfi'ty B, S («S>C;j^j)j^ J>^oIju<c^>A; 
(a)pa5ate =»p5>ty 

illicit, unjust, unlawful 

VJ 946; SCE 146, 228, 402, 409; MDii pi 93; GMS 
H63; Frag. Len. 52, 4 ; Hen. L W, 102 

1261 > p8pyr- M {^f^to*/^ 
(3)pa9|3er (pSpyr-) ©<* upa-Owar-(aya) 
OcOhasten 

GMS 293 

1262 'per'y- S 
(a)paGray, sp(a)say Ops'y's'y) ^ps'y-, 'ps^y 
(to)throw 
Anc. Lett. 2.46; Hen. BBB 572 p72 ; AVS 92 

1263 'py'S B 



j^U» 



cri 



U^ (O 



j^ 



opya5 ©Khot. pajad; upa+ J~gad-\ OP jadiya- 
fame, praise 
SCE 347, -w 

1264 'pY'ns- B OJLiT^JU io*\>j£; t j^Ju*. 



'py'nstk 



50 



(o)pxans =>pxsn-, py'ns-, 'py'rs- 
GcOremove, (ro)eliminate 
BSTBL, Dhy. 160, 161, inf. ->y 

1265 'py'nstk S ^^-^ i^J'cS j>- 
opxanste (py'nstk) ©pp. 

removed 
MDii A-14, 17 

1266 'py'rs- B j^j^io^zcS j~ 
(o)pxars ©trans, intrans. v. =^pY>rs-, 'pyms- 
Go)remove, OcOretire 

BSTBL, Vim. 132, Dhy. 334; SCE 213 n p 38, AVS 
129 

1267 'py'wnt- B o>foLi£io>fj&\ 
opyund ©<*apa-gunda-, Parth. >bgwnd\ Khwar. 

frYwnd; /'gaud- ©impf. p^wnt ^ny'wnt- 
(fo)uncovcr, (^discover 
TSP 6.83 n p204 ; Gharib. AI 4.253 

1268 >pys } B ^ 
(o)poxsa ?, paysa ? =*pys(h) 

butcher 

SCE 361; TSP 2.230 

1269 'pyt- S ? o-J 
(o)poxt ? payt ? 

drunk ? 

MDiii p32, 33 n 2 -w, -v 

1270 'pyw'y- B o^O^*-^ 
(o)pxway ®<*a/upa-xwdhaya ^'pywst-, 

pyw'y-, pxw'y- 
OcOcut off 
BBB 505.8; Padm. 42, BSTBL; AVS 95 

1271 'pyw'yz- B C^J'okH 
apywez ©*apa-gauzaya\ OP apa-gaudaya\ 

fgauz- 
OcOhide, (ro)conceal 
SCE 336, 349; Gharib. Al 4, 253; AVS 80 

1272 'pywn- B o^J'^^o^y^J 
opxwan, opxun ©<*a/upa-xwan- ©impf. 

p'Ywn 
G<?)call out, (rc)inform 
VJ 73, 106, 207, 1376; AVS 98 

1273 'pywst- B Jx j{ <j3j'*±* 
(o)pxwast (pyw'st-) ©<*apa-xwasta ©pt. st. 

=>pxwst-, pyw'y-, 'pyw'y- 
(to)cut off 
VJ 243, inf. 

1274 'pywsty => pyw'sty 



1275 *>pYwy6- S j^J^f 
apywid ©<*apa-gudya-- Sgaud- ©impf. 

pWwyd ^'py'wnt-, p>ywy5- 
0o)be revealed 
Sund. KG 470, pl79-, Apd. S W, 3.2.4 

1276 } pyyz- S jj^jbjbfc 
opyiz ®<*apa-guzya-\ S~gauz- t *apa-haiza- ? 

^'pyw'yz- 
GcOdisappear 
MDii B-17R17 pl22.17 ; Gersh. Advice. 85; AVS 

136 

1277 >pks- B jt^«y«* T 
opkas ©loc. -y 1 

side 

Benv. VJ n p90.8, >pksy\ VJ 8-, GMS 161A; >pksy, 
MSP b 161 

1278 >pny S => J PZY 

1279 'pr'st- S jJiiUj^jTji^ 
(o)prast ©pt. st. =»pryz-, pr'st- 

(fo)cscape 

Anc. Lett. 2.11, 3.33 ; Hen. Date. 612.5 

1280 'pr'w B ju,^ 
(o)paru ©<*aparam ^prw 1 , prw : 
afterwards, then 

BSTBL, Dhu. 197; GMS 1142 nl 

1281 *prs- B, S (j^>^i^ >>X>ju^ 
oprs ©*prsa- =^ } Pstw, 'ps- 1 , ps- 1 , prs-, *p , rs- 
Go)ask 

GMS 145, 171, 523; inf. ->y, TSP 6.195 

1282 'prsny' C ^^<„jW 
aprsanya ©f. n. =^*p J rs 

permission 

C2, 55V18, 104R14 pl07 ; STSC 60 Add.; BSTii 
898.108 

1283 'prsy S Jits t^L^ 
aprse ? ^prs'k 

thankfulness, gratitude 
Sund. KG p 179.420 

1284 'prst- =* prst- 1 

1285 'prt'k B J&kfifjr 
(o)prte, apte Oprt'y, 'prtk 2 ) ©Sprt- 

guilty 

GMS 144; TSP 2.473; VJ 1453; pi. 'prt'yu VJ 801; 
BBB 763; >prtync, Frag. Len. 8R 6 

1286 'prt'y ** >prt>k 

1287 'prtch S ? ^j&y < j^ju 



51 



'ps^S 



Oprtk 1 ) 

indebted ? 

MDii p32 n21j y prtync> Frag. Len. 8R 6 

1288 >prtk' =* J prtch 

1289 J prtk' ^ 'prt'k 

1290 'prim- B, S Jjl,c^*i 
(o)fratam, (o)frtam ^'Ptm-, 'ftm-, prtm- 

first 

GMS 318, 1331-3; >prtmy\ VJ 991; TSP 2.1073; 

BSTBL; Frag. Len.; BBB ; -w, TSP 2.1109, 3.161, 

7.161, 14.20 

1291 'prtmSvh B, S ^^ 

(o)fratamu Cprtmw) ©adv. 

first, at first 

TSP; BSTBL; Hen. Magi. 138.18, Frag. Len, 

1292 'prtmcyk B, S jj]t iJr: ^^ 
sfratamcik ^'ftmcyk 

first, the first 

TSP 3,2; Hen. Magi. 138.16, -w 

1293 ^rtmw =* 'prtm'wh, 'prtm- 

1294 >prtmyk B, S i>r ^^,^^; 
ofratamlk 

the first 

TSP 10.14; STii 7.11; KG 374 

1295 >prtrk S 
(o)fratarc ? 
best ? 
Anc. Lett. 120, -Vi 

1296 'prtync => 'prt'k 

1297 >prw ! B, S 
(a)paru ©<*aparam =»prw\ ^r'w 
then, afterwards 
TSP; BSTBL; SCE ; GMS 1142 n 1 

1298 > pr V B, S 
3paru ©<*upari~avam =*prw* 
this, to this, for this 

GMS 1432, 1625 

1299 > pr yw M 6 I^<L 
parew ©<*upari-aiva ^pryw 1 , prw 3 

with 

BBB f35 ; GMS 1375, 1627; KG 2333 

1300 > ps - 1 B, M 

3p(o)s ©<*prsa =^prs-, fst-\ prs-, ps- 1 , >p>rs- 

(fo)ask 

GMS 149, 523; TSP; Frag. 2a.26 ; Hen. Tales. 

478.21 



c 



o~r* l u~t 



ji ( ^ L* 'jiW *ji ( 



o^r*^ 



1301 >ps- : B, S jui-/ 
ap(a)s ? (DAv. pasu ©pred. inst. -\ ace. -w 

^ps- 7 ■ 
sheep, cattle 
SCE 364; TSP 3.187; GMS 953, 1182 n 2 

1302 ips'ys- => 'Ps'ys- 

1303 >ps>k(h) M, B, S (^LZ:J^,)f ^ 
(a)psak =»ps>k 

wreath, garland 

GMS 171, 979; Hen. Cosm. 307.16; BSTBL, Vim. 

88 ; Frag. Len. 76.5; >ps>kk> TSP 8.107; Hen. LW 

98 

1304 >ps > r5 S ^ju^r^ 
apsarS 

new year festival 

MDii A-5, 25, 181.25, >p?r6\ MDiii p51.25, 
>ps>r6h 

1305 'ps'w- B o^ij 1 -- toiJ'^j—J <0-> jw-^> 
(o)pasaw =»ps>w- 

OcOtouch 

GMS 571 ; TSP 2.1016 n pl82; STii 10.1 

1306 'ps'w B ^JjUtK^i 
(o)pasaw, opsaw 

touch 

GMS 571; BSTBL, Vaj. 14 ; Benv. Notcsiii 221-, 
AVS 96 

1307 'ps'wc- B ot/cr'jj'o*/^ 
(o)psoc, apasoc ©*aiupa-sauca- ^ps'wyty, 

pswe- 
(fo)purify, (fo)light 
TSP 3.278; GMS 89 n 1, 686; AVS 120 

1308 'ps'wys- B ^L^'Uj^^'l 
(a)psuxs (pswxs-, 'ps'wxs-, } pswYs-) ©Khot. 

pasujs- ©med. pass. St. ^'ps'wc-, ps'wyty 
(fc)be purified 
TSP 3.269, 280, 281, 299; GMS 591, 825; KG 415; 

AVS 73 

1309 'psHvyt'k S -J^jj 
(o)p(3)suyde ©pp. =»fswyty, pswytyy 
lighted 

Sund. KG 613,599 

1310 'psNvxs- S =» ^wys- 

1311 >ps ) y5 B >*^<o^ 
o/apse5 ©*apa-fsaid-; Parth. } bsyst- 
failing, stint 

SCE 37; GMS 1612 



^s'yS- 



52 



(tS-JJ^tJ^sS^ 



c/^' 



1312 ^s'ye- «* 'ps'ynt- 

1313 'ps'yn'k ' B 
opesene 

mottled 

SCE 142; GMS 976 n 1; Gersh. JRAS 1954, 126 

1314 'ps'ypw S j^ytc^- 

Opsypw) 
slandering 
Gersh. Sogd, Cpds. 141; Hen, Magi. 138, 29, 

140n3 

1315 'pspr'yc B, S xJl*/ Jx£ Jy*zJl 
opas-frec 

sheep's shoulderblade 

TSP 3.273, 275, 288 n pl99 ; Hen. Texts. 729 ; ~yc y 
TSP 3.288 

1316 'psqwp* C 
oposkupa (D<Syr. =»psqpy 
bishop 
STii 1.46, 3.73 

1317 'psqwpy* C 
Dposkupya 
episcopal 
STii 3.74 

1318 >psm } k B 
opasmak ? 

ornament ?, fly-whisk ? 
BSTBL n p60, Dhy. 222 

1319 'psm'k'tyh ? S 
(o)pasmakte ? ^'psm'kntyh 
ornate ? 

MDii A-1R5 pl43.5 ; MDiii p74.115 

1320 >psm>r B (^^^>)^^ 
(a)pismar ?, (o)p3smar ? ©<*Skt. apasmara 

^psm'r 
(a kind <?/)illness, epilepsy ? 
TSP 7.62; VJ Apd. ii p316 

1321 »pspy- B J&-M <tf**ijjj> 
(o)paspay ©<Av. apa-spaya- ©impf. p'spy 

^pysp^y, pspy- 
(to)x eject 
BSTBL, Dhy. 399; TSP 5.72; AVS 92 

1322 } psrwk B <u>x i JLid ^ j&~* 
opsruk ©pi. -yh 

singing girl, courtesan 
Vim. 76, BSTBL n pl9 

1323 'pst'w- M os/j&l * jUlj * J>/jt t&J'tj 



^U 



^< 



L j-y 



(o)pDStaw Cpstw-) ©<*apa-stdva-, Knot. 

pastu-; Parth. >bystw- ©caus. st. y pst y w; inf. 

y pst y wyy =*pstw- 
(ro)renounce, GcOrepudiate, (fo)disown 
GMS 89, 546; BBB f 10 e20 ; AVS 81 

1324 'pstkVk B, S (oU^W^ou^ojl 
spast-kare Opstk'r'y) ©<*upasta-kara ©pi. 

-*yt ^pstk^k 
assistant, helper, auxiliary(army) 
BSTBL, Vim. 75, Dhu. 180; GMS 99, 663; Hen. 

Tales. 478.17; BBB p67.540.1 ; KG 413 pl79 

1325 'pstkVy S =* 'pstk'r* 

1326 >pstnh B, S i/^i^jJs 
(o)pstan ©<*apa-stana-\ Parth. y bstn =>pstn- 
delay 

VJ 593, 614, 671, 5 € , 1457; GMS 89; MDii pl94 

1327 } pstw- -> 'pst'w- 

1328 >psw B =» >ps- 

1329 *pswYS- B =* >ps>wYs- 

1330 'pswYt- =» pswYt- 

1331 'psyS- S o^Ul j i jij^o-^. 
opscS -Vps'yS 

(/o)faiI 

Sund. MHC 31.10 

1332 'psypw S =» 'ps'ypw, psypw'pky* 

1333 >ps- M => ps (,) , >pys 

1334 'ps^y- B -^U ij^_jjy 
apsay ©pass. st. ^'pSr'y-, ps*y-. 'ps'y- 

Go)be rejected 
TSP 2.334 

1335 'ps'm- =* , Ps , m- 

1336 >ps>nk B <l;<,f 
opsank ©ob. pi. ~ty ^ps'nk^ 
net, snare 
SCE 269 

1337 'ps'nkty =* ps>nk (,) 

1338 »ps , rm»y B ^ 
opasarme, spsarme ©<*pasa+arma; Khwar. 

pcrmk 
arms behind 
SCE 401; GMS 171, 373 n 2 

1339 >ps'ty B ^^ 
opsate ? ^'ps'y-, ps J ty 

rejected ? 

TSP 22iii. 2 n p234 



r !i 



53 



? p\v "stnyh 



1340 >ps'y- B ^UIjjjo^c" 
opsay =»>ps*y-, ps } y- 
(rc)rcject,(/o)throw 

TSP 2.1083, 3.71, 167, 169; inf. ->y, TSP 3.177 

1341 'ps'y's'y => 'pfcr'y- 



ei^*ijO« 



k ^-JJ ,J f U 



(js-i.JI^L^JaS 



?(-ufU^) Js *i i0i j 



aIj 4#b 



1342 'ps'yn'k B 
opsene 

(name of aXlr't? 
TSP 3.66 n pl94 

1343 'ps'ynt B 
opasint ©<OP paisya ©pi. ? 
pieceCO 

TSP 11212, '/tfy/u yy/i/jSW, C2 p59.11-2 

1344 >pskr- B o^/JU 
op(a)skar ©<*apa-skar =»*pskr-, pskyr-, 

pskr- 
OcOchasc 
SCE 54; AVS 103 

1345 'psm'kntyh S 

opasmagande ? 
wool-stuffed saddle ? 

MDiii p74 n 1 ; MDii, "psrrikntyk Mack. BSTBL 
n p60 

1346 >psn S 
(o)psan =>psn-, psyn- 
trap 

Mack. AI 24,425, 16 n p428 

1347 >pst>t- S ,b 
opstat ©pt. st. 

(fcOinform 

MDii pi 58 n5 ; perf. St. >pst\tw-6>r-\ KG 344, 
345, 331; GMS 1084 

1348 ^stNv'nh S, M j>^oU> 
apstawan Opst'wn) =>pst } wn 

order 

Gersh. TPS 1969, 166 ; GMS 552 n 1 ; KG 344, 
440, 2382; Frag. Len. 69, 6 

1349 'pst'wn => 'psVw'nh 

1350 >psty- B,S d^cd^'dijTjjfh 
opstay ©<a/upa-hista -^'pst't- 

0o)entrust, 0o)admonish 
TSP 2.1206; GMS 560A; VJ 301 n p93 ; KG 334; 
Frag. Len. 69.7; S W, C2 p62, 11-2; AVS 93 

13 51 > P sy B =* psy 

13 52 } psyk => 'psyyk 



JJ^Tab I 



-<uP 



1353 'psys'r S o~r"a~i 
3p(o)se-sar ©<*pasa~ka- sar ^'pysys'r, psys'r 
then, afterwards 

GMS 373; KG 520; Frag. Len. 37.3 

1354 'psyyk M 6 xy^ <*juil 
op(o)sik Opsyk) =*ywxn> >psyyk 

spilling 

GMS 957, 1168 n 1 ; Hen. Magi. 143.18 n 1 

1355 >pt- B, M o^/ 
op(a)t, (a)pat ? ©Av. pitu ^ptyw'r 

meat 
GMS 170 

1356 >pt>r- B {j^:J^S)(y>)d^ 
(o)ftor ? =*ftr-, ptr- 5 

OcOpulI ouiihair) 

SCE 88; Hen. Magi. 143n4 ; GMS 89 

1357 'pt'yn'kCw) S ^/ 
(o)patcnc Optynyy) =>ptyny(y) 

(made <9/)fIesh 

GMS 170 ; KGpl79, 380-2, -w 

1358 'ptyw'r B Jy~^/ 
opat-xwar ^'pt-, ptywr- 

carnivorous, flesh-cater 

VJ 313.949; GMS 117, 170,226 

1359 >ptr- B, M, C jju 
pitar, opot(o)r ? ©nom. ob. -y; ace. -w\ abl. -> 

^'BY^, ptr- 1 
father 
EGSii 98; GMS 178, 943; TSP 9.92; KG 419, 525, 

551; >ptrk*nc(w) "father heritage" Frye 12 

1360 'ptr'ywstk B ^jsi^J* <<clw 
patrxuste ? ^ptrw'z-, ptrwysty 

obstructed 

SCE 390; Benv. JA 1943-5, 116; GMS 170, 257; 
Schwartz. HMV p391, *ptrwxs- 

1361 'ptwyS- S => ptwyS- 1 

1362 J ptynyy M =* 'pt'yn'kCw) 

1363 *pw B, S ( jj^> ^.z.t : , j^)0jx i,^> 
(o)pu ©<*apatn =»pw ] 

without 

EGSii 163; GMS 1164 

1364 >pw "stny'kh S jU^oL^ 
(o)pu astanyak ^"stWyh 

inconstant, impermancnt(wzr/zcu/ constancy) 
GMS 969 

1365 >pw J, stnyh B ^MW 



>p W »y> m 



54 



(o)pu astanya 
impermanence 
BSTBL, Vim. 119 

1366 >pw Vm B jLU^ 
(o)pu ayam =**y' m 

endless 

SCE 271, 513; BSTBL, Vim. 160, 179; Dhu. 103 

1367 >pw »zr => »zr 

1368 'pw "zrmy'h => 'zrmy'h 

1369 >pw'5'k B,S o&^^ix^ 
(o)pwa5e (pw'dy, 'pw'5'y) ©<*hapa (=Skt. 

sap- "to worship")+wa£ ©ace. -w ^pw'S'k 
temple, sanctuary * 
SCE n p37, 176, 276, 335, 348; STSC 137; Frag. 

Lcn. 96.1, lOOal, 3, 5, c9 ; Mack. BSTBL p!54 

1370 'pw'6'y =* 'pw'5'k 

1371 'pw 'ps'yS B u**^ 
(o)pu (o)/apse5 

faultless 
SCE 37f 

1372 »pw Vy M, S, B (M^>^^ 
(o)pu ary ^pw'ry 

priceless 

GMS 1164; Tales 469.33; MSP bl09 ; BSTBL, 
Vim. 38 

1373 'pw'rstk B .ju^^u^f^ 
spwarste ©pp. ^pw'st- 1 

turned away 

BSTBL, Vim. 169 ; GMS 14 

1374 >pw>rt- B O^jj^j^ 
spwart =»pw } rt- 

(to)tum away 

BSTBL; TSP; SCE; GMS 585; inf. ->y, TSP 2.893 

1375 'pw'st- =» pw'st- 2 

1376 »pw5pn B J^^^^ 
(o)pu 60an ^5pn-'h, pw dbn 

without doubt * 

BSTBL, Padm. 67 

1377 'pw kyr'n B ^/^ 
(a)pu-kiran =*kyr'n, pw kyr'n 

unlimited 
BSTBL, Dhu. 58 

1378 'pw pcYw'k B £^dj± 
(o)pu paexwak -^pcyw'k 

without obstacle 

BSTBL, Vim. 116; -kw y Padm. 9, 11 



1379 'pw pekwyr B ^\^ <(_r> ^>^ 
(o)pu packwer =*pckwyr'(kh) 

fearless 

Vim. 109, BSTBL 

1380 *pw pekwyr'k => pw pekwyr'k 

1381 >pw pckwyr'k(h) M, B jTl^ 

(o)pu packwerak 

fearlessness 

Hen. Tales. 476.6; BSTBL, Vim. 57, 167 

1382 'pw p5kh B ^> 
(o)pu pa5ka 

illegal 
SCE 295 

1383 'pw pryt'tt B ^^'J^Oj^ 
(o)pu fritat 

loveless 
SCE 306 



1384 'pw pstnh B 

(o)pu pastan ^pstn-, pw 1 

without delay 
VJ 561, 724 



j j^ 



oifTu, jt€ 



j*& \ oj-^ 



w. 



1385 >pw ptpy6y B 
(o)pu patPcSe 
unconsciously 
BSTBL, Intox. 13 

1386 'pw ptm J, k B 
(o)pu patmak 
immeasurably 
BSTBL, Intox. 31 

1387 'pw ptinVr B 
(o)pu patsmar 
innumerable 

BSTBL, Vim. 120 etc.; Dhy. 174 etc.; SCE 3 etc. 



\ji 



jUi, 



\J 



({_L-^l oj-^^-^jr* l j , ..^}*i£jr~ 



\S j^ Oj-k 



>r>p(h) 



1388 'pw ptzm'n B 
(o)pu patzman 
insatiable 
SCE 460 

1389 'pw r'p S 
(o)pu raf ©ace. -w 
without illness 

Anc. Lett. 2.3, -w, 3.2, 5.2 

1390 'pw rywsny'kh B (<j^jjJj±)J& 
(o)pu r(a)xusnyak ^rywsny'kOO 
ignoranccQightless) 

BSTBL, Intox. 5 

1391 'pw spWk B Lr ^ ollJ^ jjJb 



V^LSi 



jbU t^h JjJj 



(o)pu sfarme 
sexless 
SCE 356 

1392 >pw ym w n B 

(o)pu y(i)man 
faultless 
BSTBL, Vim. 3 

1393 >pw zn'kh B 
(o)pu znak 
ignorant 

SCE 43; BSTBL, Vim. 185 

1394 'pxyyr- =* pcyyr- 

1395 >py- C : o*/^ j^bzj'^y 
apay ©lsg. opt. *pyym ^"p'y- 
(ftf)considcr 

C2, 54 V27: BSTii 895.57 

1396 >py>rh B j^^^s 
opyar ©*upa-yar -^PyVk 

the night before 

VJ 3 n p89 ; BBB 697; GMS 969 

1397 >py>st- B C»S&Lj~*cr>lJ 
opyast ©pt. st. =*py»t-, py'st- 

(to)adorn, (fo)ornatc 
EGSii 15; AVS 110 

1398 >py>stk B j_y<^J 
opyaste Opy'sty) ©pp. =»py } t-, pysty(y), py>stk 
ornate 

SCE 311, 523 

1399 'py'sty => } py>stk 

1400 »pyc , t B -w^jUj 

(o)p(D)cat =>pc y t(y) 

time 

BSTBL, Vim. 121; GMS 179; Benv. Et. Oss. 28 

1401 'pyk M 
apik =>»pyk 
aquatic 
BBB 512 ; GMS 394 

1402 'pysp'y B 
opospay =»*pspy-, pspy- 
rcjection 
BSTBL, Vim. 204 ; Benv. Notesi 33 

1403 >pys B ju,^ 
opos, ops, opis Ops-) (DAv. pasca =*ps (,) , pys- 1 , 

psy 
then, afterwards 
GMS 179 



kSJ>. S l ^ 



^J'^ 



l a~% 



^Uaji ij>}^ 



J* J>* i JjU 



JjO (u-if <0-lj 



1404 'pys^r =» ps»pr 

1405 >pysm B. 
pism ? ©<*pasca-ima =»pysm 
according to 

BSTBL; STii, GMS 373, 7.15, 22; Benv. Notesii 

215 

1406 'pystr'yck 1 B JJtw.»x/ 
opistarick (pystycyk) 

future 

SCE 489, 494; BSTBL, Dhu. 250; GMS 373, 1013 

1407 >pystrw B 
opistar(u) ©comp. adj. =*pystrw 
later 
VJ ; SCE; BSTBL, Vim. 135, 167; GMS 373; 

>pystrwh t Vi 1030 

1408 'pysy B 
(o)pisc ? 
after, behind 
BSTBL, Dhy. 99 

1409 'pysys'r B 
opisc-sar -Vpsys'r 
backwards 

VJ 788, 791, 900; GMS 373 

1410 »pzVn B 
(o)pzarn =>ptzrn, pzrn 
trouble, sorrow 

VJ 82, 126 etc.; GMS 957 

1411 'pz'rn- B, S jj^ JL. O-^^ljl; 
(o)pzarn Opzrn-) ©Av. zar- 

(to)disturb 

VJ 1458 

1412 »pz»t(h) M ji*j»^'j 
opzat ©<*upa-zata ©ob. -yy ; ob. pi. ~yt 

=»pz } t 
homeland, birth place(/?/ace of origin) 
GMS 99; *pzVykw, Hen. BSOAS 11 ; Giants. 70.4 

1413 >pzn\vty7h S ^>iT<^Li 
(o)pzanautya 

acquaintance 
GMS 1079; KG 403 

1414 >pzrn- =¥ 'pz'rn- 

1415 >PZY B,S (Oj^^^jj)(y>)^^<j 
utsti, tuti ? Cpny) ©*uta-uti<*utti ©Idg. =»>ty, 

> t\ rty, >rty\ -n, twty 1 , ZY, ty 2 
and, that, then 
GMS 307A; S W, C2 p66 ; BSOAS 1985, 112-3; 



O^jXl i ji 0" <^>lju 



} pzymy$ 



56 



JJ>->v 



u-i'J 



CI 1991, 178-185 

1416 'pzymyS S 

(3)poze-me0 ? =^zyy my5 
the day before yesterday ? 
S W, Rock. Insc. Indus Valley 1989, 134 

1417 V C 
ar ©conj. 
and, then 

C2 gloss. p65, 183-4 

1418 Vy'n B h^^ii 
arhan ©< Skt. arhat 

Buddha's title 
Dhy. 358, BSTBL : 

1419 >r>sk S jl^u^j 
arsk ©<Av. araska; MP y rysk ©nom. -w 

=>>rsk ( > } 
envy 
Anc. Lett. 5.5 

1420 >rcyc M (yjj)^ 
arziz ©MP } rzyz; Arm. arjij 

tin, lead 
Sogdica. 27.30 

1421 V8 B, S V L-T JL. <tr tuo 
ar6/9 ©<*ar0a-, Khwar. V0 ^'rS'rn'k 
millstone 

SCE 231; MDii p59.8 

1422 Wr B ^ , r5 ) r 

1423 V6V B, S jlC,4 s ».U<j^JS 
arSar OrS'r) ©*arda ©ob. -y 

region 

BSTBL; TSP ; STii 7.37; Frag. Len. 6 R6, 51.4; 
Bailey. Prolexis. 413; VJV, TSP 9.10 

1424 Wrn'k B ^lJ* 
ar8arne ©*ard+arnaka <*arna- =» } r6 

mill (grinder with millstone) 
SCE 161 

1425 Wsp B ^^^ 
ar5asf, srSosf (D<Av. Srafsa ©pi. -/ -^Wysp 
banner 

BSTBL, Dhy. 98; GMS 109, 439 

1426 VS'w'n m't M ^U ^l ^mj >>U <olj^j >>U 
ardawan mat 

Mother of Life 

Hen. BSOAS 12, 312.70 

1427 >r«»yp S j^^'J^-j* 
arSef OrSyf-) =» > r56 } yp>kh 



radiance 

GMS 439; KG 365 

1428 >r8\p- B u-u^^ 
ar5yf, ar5ef 0r8yf-) ©<*drafaya 

(ro)shine 

SCE 496; GMS 439 

1429 Wyp" B j^'J^Kp 
ar&efa OrSypO 

splendour, radiance 

SCE 76; TSP 14.33; STii 7.29; BSTBL, Dhy. 48 & 
etc. 

1430 VS'y p'k *± > r55>yp>kh 

1431 >r8>yp>kc B tj^j. 
arSefakc ©f. adj. ^'r^y p'y 

radiant 
TSP 9.37 

1432 Wy p»y B /^„x-^ 
arSefc OrS'ypy) 

splendid 

TSP 6,15,74, 152 & etc. 

1433 Wyp'y pyyy M jUj>. J JL r 0)^Uily^ Jx- 

orSefi Payi 

a Manichcan god (Jesus the Splendour) ? 

Sund. Listc. 1994,457-8 

1434 VS'ypy =* 'rS'y p'y 

1435 >r6>ysp B ^ 
or5osf ^rS'sp 

banner 
GMS 241,441 

1436 'rfp'n S jljojl 
ardavan ^'rtyp'n 

Ardavan 

Hen. Mittelir. 94 ; Sund. KG pl79 

1437 >r58 ) yp»kh B y^tjj^^ 
arSefak OrS'y p'k) 

radiance 

TSP; SCE 495; BSTBL; GMS 973c 

1438 >rdq C oJj 
ar5e, arSak ©pi. -t =>yw } rdq, ^Skw, >r8wk 
true, sincere 

BSTii 832.8; C2, 104R12 

1439 >r5kw B ^J^c-X, 
ar6(a)ku ©ob. -y ^yw'rSkw, } rdq, } r5wk 
sincere, sincerity 

SCE 62, Sogdica. 60.9 



51 



V^stMc 



1440 »r5wk M o-lj 
ar5uk ©<*ardu-ka; OP; Av. ardda- t ardumanls 

-^rdq, >r5kw, yw>rdq 
sincere 
GMS 154,423 

1441 Mwky' M coj^^Ij 
arSukya ^'yw'rSwky* 

sincerity 
GMS 423 

1442 >rSyf- M =» Wyp- 

1443 'rSyp' «> 'rS'yp* 

1444 *rdyw- C o^d^f ijz*J 
arSew, or5ew ©*d-drdwaya->a~drawaya; 

Khwar. V<5V ©3sg. prcs. y rdywt 
(ro)scducc, (ro)lcad astray 
C2, 102R19 pl77 ; Schwartz. JRAS 1966, 119 

1445 >ry B, M, S J>jJ*^J 
ary ©<*arga ©ace. -h> ; ob. -y 

value, price 

BSTBL; TSP 2.981, 3.97; Frag. Len, 93, 32; Talcs. 
469.33; GMS 1164; MSP bl09 

1446 Vy'nt B (xijO^^^jT 
aryand ©Av. drdYant -^ry'nt 

greedy 

TSP 2.235 n pi 72; Hen. Texts. 734 ; Bailey. Asica. 
5 

1447 Vyw B *± } ry 

1448 Vyw'n B jtyj 
aryawan ©Akk. argamanu; Aram, argwdnd 
purple 

BSTBL, Dhy. 362; BBB 527; Benv. Notesii 237, 
iii 227 n 1 ; CII 1990, B19 

1449 >rk M J^<J+*<jf 
arsk Orkh, rq) ©Khwar. } rk\ Pahl. harg\ Yaghn. 

ark ©f. n. ; ob. -y ; pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty =^pw 'rq, 

n>kt>rq 
work, action, business 
GMS 526; BBB 567 ; Tales. 470.54; Sogdica. 16.19, 

29, 7, 9 ; VJfcA, VJ ; TSP; SCE 492; STii 9.4; 

BSTBL; Tales. 466.6 ; Frag. Len. ; KG 333; MDii ; 

MSP; >rq> BSTi 159; STi 65.9; BSTii: C2 gloss. 

Benv. JA 1959, 125 

1450 »rk*ry =* >rkr>k 

1451 >rkcyk S <j~JLLJ'j J > iS ^:J'jl)J , j\J*l 

ark elk 



J** 



f>S'f*r 



from Argi 

Sogdica. 8.13, 10.1 13c ; Hen. BSOS 9, 564; GMS 
1016.L >rkc*nch; Frag. Len. 44.7 

1452 »rkh B, S =» >rk 

1453 'rkr'k S fjf 
ark-are (Wry) ©<V£-Htr>£ ©pi. -f 

worker 

MDii pl59.13 ; Y/rVy, Sund. MSP p41, "work", 
ark-kare ? 

1454 Vkrwn'y B >'<J><J^^X 
ark(k)arune Orkrwny) 

(related fcOwork, effective, effect 
BSTBL, STii 8.3, 4 p576 

1455 'rkrwny => >rkrwn } y 

1456 'rksyntr => nksyntr 

1457 J rqwny C 
arakune 
madness 
C2, 111V1 

1458 >rm- C 
(o)ram (rm) ©gen. -y 
crowd, people 

BSTi 236 

1459 Vmyh B otaijjj <o~oj>> <l^ _ 
armc ? © A v. aerime-, Oss. armdst 

deserted, isolated 

VJ 1084 n p97 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 203 

1460 Vmyn M j^^J 
armin 

Armenia 

Hen. AM 1952,206.13 

1461 rn— B j: ^T j_^y O j 'j j^" < o^jj ' jjoj^'o 
ar(a)n ? ©*ar/iw ; Skt. rnoti 

(ro)urge, OcOdrive on 

TSP 3.234; BSTBL, Dhy. 23, Dhu. 167 

1462 >rn(h) B XoUo^^ 
arn ©Av. ardna*, Khot. drra 

fault, wrong 

VJ 1451; TSP 2.971, 1057, 1104; SCE 33, 465; 
BSTBL, Dhy. 40, 73, 134, 141, 144, Dhu. 83 

1463 >rnq C ? J&>«£j 
arank ? 

colour, form ? 
S W, C2, V7 plOO 

1464 'rp'st'k S -^j^^JjU^ 1 ^ 
arpaste Orpst'k) =»*rpsty, 'rwstk 



'rp'st'wyh 



58 



wealthy, precious, powerful 
Karab. Insc. 21.21, -w 16.7; MDii apud. S W, SI 
cahier 7, 1989, 184 

1465 Yp'st'wyh S ^ 3 J 
arpastawe 

wealth 

Hen. Talcs. 486.12 

1466 Yp\vy B (^^rj^o)^^ 
arpux Orp'wx, >rpwx, } rpwy) 

penetrating, profit 

BSTBL, Dhu. 74 ; Bcnv. Notesii 214; Mack. 

BSTBL n p49 ; Hen. LW 102; S W, BSOAS 

1975, 133, } rp+-wx t < axu 

1467 } rp } wx =* 'rp'wy 

1468 Ypst>k => Yp'st'k 

1469 Vpsty C, S \+jf 
arpastc ©pi. -t ^'rp'st'k 

precious 

STii 18,3.41, 5.13; MSP b80 

1470 Ypwy =» *rp*wy 

1471 Ypwx => 'rp'wy 

1472 Ys'ny B, S (j J~ <j* y) j~* y 
arsanx Orsx, >rsy) ©*arsah-, Skt. arsas 

piles, hacmorrhoid 

TSP 2.37, 3.10, 11, 12 ; Hen. Texts. 715; C2, 51V2 
p97 ; Frag. Lcn. 48, 7 

1473 Ysy =* 'rs'ny 

1474 Vsq C =» >rsk C)) 

1475 >rsk (,) M, B jl^<j£^ 
ar(a)sk Orsq) ©Av. araska; Parth. rask ©ob. 

-y ^'r^sk 
envy 
BBB f63 ; GMS 368, 526; TSP 2.1075; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981, 179.10a 

1476 Ysqny C ^_^^ 
ar(a)skane 

envious 

STi 33.18; GMS 1056 

1477 >rsx C =* 'rs'ny 

1478 >rt 1 M 3 
art Ortms) ©in compd. conj. with pron. & art. 

=^ty, V, >rty\ rty 
and 
S W, BSOAS 1975, 133, 1985, 111; C2, 9.183 

1479 >rt 2 C ,J 
art ©ob. >rty ? =^rtk 



flour 

C2, 94 V 21 

1480 >rt J =* »srwc(yy) 

1481 Yt'kCw) => >rtk 

1482 'rt't rwc M, S (W^j^jj^'^"^^ Jjj 
artat roc ©<haruvatdt 

sixth day of the month 

GMS 86 n 1 ; Hen. Oricntalia. 8, 94; Magi. 149.10; 
MDiii 

1483 'rt'w B, M, C ajujf ***/ y <Jfji*y, <^> 
artaw ©MP ahlaw; Parth. Vrf'w; OP artawan; 

Av.asavan ©pi. ~t- y ob. pL -ty => } rtw 
faithful, clcctus, righteous 
GMS 91, 1076; TSP; Tales. 469.4, 476 ; Frag. Lcn. ; 

STi 45.14; Sund. AoF 1981 p2l3 ; C2, 39V6, 

54R19; BBB; MSP 

1484 »rt'w frwrtyy M '^jJ)JjYJ<j^ jr-*± 

(^' 
artaw-frawarti 

first clement 

Sogdica, 27.18, 50.4; BBB 

1485 'rt'wsp'y B, S ^U< fl x jf^jV^Ujl 
arta-waspc Ortwsp'y, Yt'wspy, 'rwt'wspy) 

©<*arta~wasta\ Av. asavasta 
righteous 
SCE 555 ; BSTBL; TSP ; Frag. Lcn. ; STii 8.8; 

Mack. BSTBL n p21 ; GMS 470 n 1 

1486 Vt'wspy =» Wwsp'y 

1487 Vt'wspy'h M, B £^ <o&U jl^j x^Ujl 

artawaspya Ort'wspy'kh, 'rtwspyO 
righteousness, Manicheaism, electi 
BBB; GMS 154, 470; Gersh. AHM 163; 
WwspfkK ICG 419 

1488 'rt'wspy'kh S => Wwspy'h 

1489 Wwxst rwc ^ Wwxwst rwc 

1490 VtNvxwst rwc M :^ y^J)*\j> /j^ jjj Ojj^fc^j' 

artawoxst, artuxst, artawoxust (Wxwst, Wwxst 
rwc) ©*artaw9xust; <*rtahe wahistahe ©inst. 
*artaxwdst ^'rtxwst, J rtyw rwc, 'rtywst rwc 

third day of the month 

GMS 392 n 1 ; Hen. Magi. 152, 24 ; Sogdica. 27.21; 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 140 

1491 'rtNvy'Gi) M, S, C ^^/^J^^/^j. 



59 



>rw>st>k 



(j^U Ji-u? i^sjX* 
artawya ^rtwy* 

righteousness, state of electus 

GMS 1111; BBB b46 ; MSP b77 ; STi 31.6 

1492 VtSvy^h B, M oL^^^y/^^ 

artawyak ^rt'wy'Ch) 
community of clccti, righteousness 
TSP 2.617; GMS 1111; KG 586 

1493 Yt'wy'mync C ^>jW^°~-^ 
artawyamenc 

righteousness 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 179,17 

1494 Yt'w zrwsc B ^->jj ^ 
artaw zrusc 

righteous Zoroaster 

S W, 1IJ 1976, 46, Frag. 4.6 

1495 Yt'xwst => >rt>wxwst rwc 

1496 Vtyw rwc S (^J :^j^)^^ jc^, jjj^jj/J 
artxu roc, artixu ©Av. asdis-varjhuya-. 

<*rtivahvi -^'rt'wxwst rwc 
twenty-fifth day of the month 
MDii, iii ; GMS 237 

1497 Ytywst rwc S '^j^^fy jjjOjj^^^j' 

artxwost, artxust ©*artwahist ^Wwxwst rwc 
Ordibehesht, third day of the month 
MDiii p60; GMS 392; Hen. BSOAS 1965, 251, 
n 58 

1498 >rtk S ,/ 
arte (WkCw)) ©Av. as a =* } rt 2 , J rty 3 

flour 

MDii, >rtkw; MDiii p30, } rtw 

1499 Vtms => ms, 't 1 , rtyms 

1500 >rtt rwc S (^-V-W^r* jJjOjjj^ 
art-roc, as-roc =»*rt rwc, *s rwc(yy) 

ninth day of the month 
MDiii 

1501 Vtw C •*i/<j*>«k,l 
artaw ^rt'w 

faithful 

C2, 54R19, ob. V/'hV>\ 39V6 

1502 Ytwsp'y B => 'rt'wsp^ 

1503 Ytwspy* M =» > rt , wspy , h 



1504 »rtwy' C \ys ^» r 
arawya ^rt'wy'Oi) 

righteousness 
C2,40V21 

1505 Ytxwst M (,js^ ^l^<f*^ _s<^)jy i ^ JL 4ri>J 
artxwost, artxust Ortxwwst) ©*rta vahista-, 

>*artavahist>*artxw9st ^rtywst rwc, 

Wwxwst rwc 
Light(//ie third element, a Manichean god), 

light 
GMS 392, 422; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 410; Sogdica. 

27.19; BBB 

1506 Ytxwwst =*> 'rtxwst 

1507 Vty 1 M, C -VrrO" j->)(uy >^ j J )u~r , * i j-i<j 

orti Orlyy, } rtyh) ©Knot, rro ©in compd. with 
pron. ^>ty, »PZY, rty, TRZY, } rt\ B ty(y) 

and, then 

GMS 3, 307A; BBB; KG; MSP; S W, BSOAS 
1983, 41 n 2, 46; C2, 183, >rtyswfsy, >rtysn 

1508 Yty 2 C ^7 
arte ? ^n\ >rtk 

flour 

BSTii 827.51; Bcnv. Etii 119; C2, 94V21 pl77 

1509 Ytyp>n S oi^jf 
artcwan ^'rSp'n 

Ardavan 
Anc. Lett. 3.13 

1510 >rtyh M => 'rty 1 

1511 Ytymw ^ 'rty 1 , mw 

1512 Ytyy =* 'rty 1 

1513 'rw'n B, S, C jljj 
(o)rwan, oruwan ©Av. urvan =»rw } n 

soul, spirit 

TSP; VJ 476, 537, 1188; STii 123; Frag. Len. 97a, 
4,-y 

1514 Wrt M ^>^jU 
orwart ©<Av. urvaOra =»rw'rtyh 

fine, delicate 

GMS 100; TSP 19.15; Hen. Texts. 713.5 

1515 Vw'st'k B <u^«u^U 
Drwaste, orwoste Orw^tk) ©Av. urvista 

*urvaes- =» J rwxs 
fixed, bound 
STii I0a2, 10, 42, 43, 45, -w ; GMS 116, 158, 

221nl, drwdst 



'rw'stk 



60 



1516 Vw'stk «» WstHc 

1517 Vwytqy* C (*j£j :Jj>-j)^<^ i<s x^yi 
aruydakya ^'rwytky* 

greed, rage 

BSTii 875.15; C2, 66V15; Schwartz. HMV 391 

1518 'rwr(h) B, M ^jjbcLf^jb 
orwar, orura ? (rwrO ©Av. urvara—, Khot. 

aruva\ Pa hi. uruw ©ob. ~yh pi. -f f>, ( - } n, -f/i 

=»rwrh 
medicine, medical plant 
TSP; BSTBL; BBB; GMS 99 

1519 >rwrwys>k B ^j> «l/ 
orwar- wise ? ; 

medical plant 

TSP 20.2; BSTBL, Vim. 131 

1520 Vwstk S ^yixjtj^j 
arwastc ©<OP aruvasta ^'rp'st'k 

powerful 

MDii p21.15; Hen. Mittelir. 39; S W, SI cahicr 7, 
1989, 184, > r pstk 

1521 'rwt'wspy S =* 'rt'wsp'y 

1522 'rwxs C j$ £ ojjl~* 
aruxs, orwaxs =*ptrwxs-, 'rw^st'k 

bandage, gag 

STii 2.5; GMS 158, 221 nl ; Benv. JA 1943-5, 116; 
Lcntz. STii p600 ; Schwartz. HMV p391 

1523 Vwynt- B j=^Lrf 
arwi/end ? ©*arwant-ya- ©inf. ->y 
Oo)stimulate,0o)arousc 

BSTBL, Dhy. 70; GMS 158; Benv. Notesii 220 

1524 } ry C ><4^ 
are ©adj. ^•r'k 

mad, raving 
C2, 66V15 

1525 Yy'nwyj'n M 
aryan-wezan ( J ry*nwyjn) ©aryana-vaeja 
Eran-wej 

Benv. Notesiv 506n ; Hen. BSOAS 11, 68.26 

1526 *ry*nwyjn =» ^y'nwyj'n 

1527 Vync C <J> ^'j^Lp^jT^ji 
arenj, arinc (*r } nj) ®<*ara6nika\ OP arsan 

=$*fync 
cubit(a unit of length) 
BSTi 114, 122, 171 

1528 Vynj =^ *r J ync 



7*j $ y I 



Ojjl 



jskj* l cr^^yi l J*/ 



1529 >rzn S 
arzan 
millet 
MDiiipll5 

1530 >s- C 

as =^yt-, *s- 
(^)take, (/cOreceive 

C2 gloss.; GMS 129, 539; STi 43.9; Sund. AoF 
1981 p213 

1531 >s ) dty C .xic-L- 
asaSte ? (pts'd) ®*>s y d- ©pp.; ace. -w 
protected, shielded 

BSTii 839.6; C2, 111R5 pl79-80 

1532 Vq C jijt^^u, 
asak, ansak ? ©ob. -y ^ns'kCy) 

suitable 

BSTii 895.53; C2, 54V23 

1533 Vmnty C j* y x l^^iS j> 
asamandc 

taking, reception 
C2, 57V6 

1534 'spVck' B &£*t_yi>*<j*? 
osfrack OsPr'ck) ©<us~fras; <*us-fra-uc ; A v. 

frd-vac- ©ob. -y ^sfr'cq, sPr'ck* 
thing, matter 
SCE 179, 418, BSTBL; TSP 2.959; STii 7.1; Benv. 

Notcsiii 221; STSC 126 

1535 'spr'ck =* 'sP'r'ck* 

1536 'sy'nt S j^^i*j*~a 
osxand Osynt) =» ( sxnd-, sxndy, sy'ntcyk 

fun, joke 

MDii p 125.9; Tales. 478.25 nl3 

1537 >synt =» ^nt 

1538 ^yw'y- B, S o^J'^. tJ>jj\j> < o-^oj^t 
osxway ©<*us-xwdhaya ©inf. ->y ~>syw } y-, 

'sxw'y-, sxw*y- 
0o)take out, OcOraise up 
GMS 417; Dhy. 24, BSTBL; TSP 3, 262 & etc. 

1539 ^ywst- S uj jjTjj iO^r^oj^ 
asxwast (sywst- swyst-) ®<*us-xwasta- ©pt. 

st. ^syw'y-, 'sxw^-, swxst-, sxwst- 
(to)take out 
GMS 417 

1540 »sk a B =» >sk- (,) 

1541 >sk }) n B=» >sk'n 



1542 >sk- 



0) 



(oy> >~^ j^)jt <^ iX ^t 



61 



'skw'ch 



ask, aska Osk") ©Av. uskau Khwar. >sk\ Past. 

hask =^sky, sq\ sqy 
high, above, loud 
VJ ; TSP; SCE; BSTBL, Dhy. 215; GMS 1215 

1543 Wdryk => > sk > t>ryk ) 

1544 'sk'n B <v>r jt *^&x£ Jl* tc^M <o^ 

(o)skan Csk'n) ©<*us-kana-, fskan 
mark, sign, line 

GMS 369 ; TSP 3.191 n pl97 ; BSTBL, Dhy. 52, 53, 
54 

1545 'sk'n s'r B «* >skys>r 

1546 'sk'ntCy) B, S : J^gJihJi 
oskand(e) ®fskand\ A v. skznda\ Parth. y sknd 

^ktsknt'k, sqwnt 
cripple, paralysed 

GMS 365nl ; VJ 51, 77, 124; Sund. KG 523 pl79f, 

1547 'sk'prn B vV-*4 
oska-farn 

high in rank 
Frag. Len. 44.10 

1548 >sk , r S jUj 
oskar =->sq } r 

coal 
MSP bl49 

1549 'sk'rn'k B jM,^l 
oskarne OskWy) -^sk'rn'k 

stupid, ignorant 

SCE 43, 113 ; TSP 2.656; BSTBL, Vim. 1; GMS 
369; C2 p60 

1550 'sk'rn'y -» , sk > rn ) k 

1551 >sk'rt(w) S lft»jM"j^-» 
oskart ? (sk'rtw) ©<*us-k(a)rta 

rent 

MDii p60.10 ; Gersh. Advice. 84 

1552 >sk>t>ryk> B, S jJ^^lcj^ 
askatarik Osk'tryq, 'sk'dryk, 'sk'tryk) =*sk } tryk, 

sq'tr 
higher, greater 
BSTBL, Dhy. 321; Vim. 164; GMS 1287 ; TSP 

8.66; KG 335; Frag. Len. 85.1 

1553 Wtm B 
3sk(a)tam Osktm) 
highest, the most 



jiJ^. 'jlJ-^ 



jiJ% <ji> J 



/& <jjd> 



TSP 5.96,8.61, 190 & etc. 

1554 'sk'tmcyk B 
oskatamcik 
highest 
TSP 3.104; GMS 1014, 1296 

1555 >sk , tr B, M, S 
oskatar Csktr) ©Parth. } sk } dr ©comp.adj. ; adv. 

=*sq } tr 
higher, further, furthermore 
BBB 553; GMS 1215, 1285; TSP 6.77, 13ii, 7, 27.5; 

VJ 1467 ; Frag. Len. 104.2; KG; MDii; MDiii 

1556 >sk } tryq M =» 'skVryk* 

1557 >sk*tryk =* >sk>t>ryk> 

1558 'sk'w'k S VUxL^jd, 
oskawc =^sk*wyh 

height 

Sund. MSP b89 

1559 »sk*y B => >sky 

1560 »sk»yr- B ** >sk>yr- 

1561 'skr'nt- B j>/ji>j * j^j^T 
oskrand Cskrnt-) ©<*uz Skri\ Skt. utkfntati 

=>ptkrnt-, 'nkr'nt- 
0o)injurc, ({^destroy 
SCE 441, Mack. BSTBL p 154 

1562 'skrnt- -* 'skr'nt- 

1563 'sks'k S o^p^< J^»<0'->>^f <j>^ 
oskase ^sqsy 

tomb, grave {place of bones) 

Gersh. Melanges Benv. 195; MDii, } sks*kw 

1564 >skt- B (j&OgSiJ^ 
(o)skat (skt>) ©Parth. l skd; A v. skaitU Khot. 

skai ©abl -> ^sqt } 
thorn 
SCE 48; Gersh. IF 1970, 304; Mack. BSTBL pi 54 

1565 >sktm B => 'sk'tm 

1566 'sktr B =» 'sk'tr 

1567 >skw- B, M, S (u>> y \.> j->)j£kJJ *u-^ *o-\# 
(s)skaw Oskw'y-, sqw-) ^skwn, swq-, skw-, 

'skw't- 
(to)be, (^)exist, (/^?)stay 
GMS 635, 804; EGSii 16, 38 

1568 >skw>ch S 
(o)skwac ©f. n. ^'skw't- 
existent 
Anc. Lett. 3.9 



j £>- y* t-^^r j * 



* 



'skw'nVk 



62 



1569 'skwWk B >&j>\5\ <JLS ^ 
(o)skwame 

residence, dwelling 
TSP 7.6 

1570 »skw'mc(h) B, M, S ,l^J oJy < J^C- 
(o)skwamc 

staying, station 

GMS 1102; Dhu. 170, BSTBL; Frag. Len. 120.5; 
KG 487 

1571 'skw'mt'k B jLS.jj^ 

(o)skwamte ? ^'skw'm'k 

residence 

TSP 2.1064 

1572 'skw't- B " j^hjj i jxU <Oj_^ 
(o)skwat ©pt. st. =>>skw-, J skw } ch 

Go)stay, (to)bo 

GMS 536; TSP; SCE ; >skwtt> Anc. Lett. 2.206 

1573 >skw'y- => 'skw- 

1574 'skw'ynV S ^xU 
(o)skw(a)ene ©prcs. part.; pi. -/ =>'skw-, 

sqwyny 

remaining, staying 
KG 607 

1575 >skw , yny S ^^ 
oskwene ©ob. pi. -ty 

dweller 

Sund. MHC p26, 36.8R7 

1576 >skwn B, S j^ ^jl^J y^s < Jo [S J^^\ o**> 
(o)skun =*skwn, -sk 

durative particle 

GMS 635 ff ; Benv. AO 1966, 44 

1577 'skwn'y B ^ o'j>> <ol» 
(o)skune (skwny, } skwny) 

period, duration, age 

SCE 31, 32; TSP 2.52 

1578 'skwncyk M d juJ t^A** ij^j~& <^>U- 
(o)skuncik ©pi. -t => } skwn 

present, contemporary, future 
GMS 635 n 2, 1014, 1249; Sund. Man. Lett. 
310.10, 11 

1579 'skwny =» 'skwn'y 

1580 'skwrnkh S j>^/ 
(o)skurne ? ©<Av. skardna 

round 

MDii pl43.7 ; MDiii p73.7 



a~jl> y iJ 



1581 >sky B, M, S (j^ yj^ jj)^ * jl> **VUjUL 
oske Csk'y, *skyy) ^'sk- 1 ' 

high, up, upwards, upon 
GMS 1216; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; SCE; MDii; BBB; 
Tales. 473 

1582 'skycyk B, M 
oskecik =»skycyk 

high 

TSP 14, 24; GMS 1017; Hen. Cosm. 312, 129; 
Tales. 473.33 

1583 >sky kyr'n B {^J^ud.^lJ')^^^^ 
oske -k(i)ran ^c'Sr kr>n 

east 

BSTBL, Vaj. 18; Benv. Notcsi 65 

1584 »skys»r B, M, S % ^j>* ,%^ 
oskc-sar Osk'n s } r) ^skys'r 

upwards 

GMS 99, 1216; BBB; TSP ; BSTBL; MDii; Frag. 
Len, W-Lii 

1585 >skyy M <± 'sky 

1586 Wn M juJ 
osman ©<*asmanam ©ob. -y ^sm'n, sm'nh 
sky 

Hen. Talcs. 481.33; GMS 88 

1587 ^nVnywn B *>£ jU*7 i^J~S\ 
osman-yon 

skylikc, skyish 
TSP 3.146 

1588 'sm'n rwc S -Vj^^jjjOU^T^U ^^jc — ^ j 3J 

osman-roc 

twenty-seventh day of the month 

GMS 88; MDii pl94 ; Hen. Orientalia. 8.95 

1589 >smwtryk S ^ylJf^L^ 
osmutrik ^snVwtr 

oceanic 
MSP b58 

1590 'sp- B, M, S (jys^-^jj)^ 
a/osp ©nom. ace. gen. -y; ace. -w; inst. ->; pi. 

-yhlf =*sp- 

horse 

-y(y), GMS 87, 1177, 1187; TSP; BSTBL; VJ ; 
SCE ; MD; Frag. Len. ; -w TSP 13.6; VJ 751, 
985; Frag. Len. 37,19; MDii A-5,l ; -> TSP 
3.185; SCE 111, 290, 371; -yh, VJ 47 etc; -y\ 
VJ 164 



63 



1591 } sp C f b«L- 
asp ? ©pi. >spt =**>nsp, *spt 

snare, trap 
C2, 108R 4 

1592 >sp»8 B, M,S .L-. 
(o)spa5 ©<*spdda- ©ob. -yh ^sp'5, 'sp'5 
army 

TSP 2.199, 3.29, 13ii5 ; GMS 157, 1230; Hen. 
Magi. 143.26; MDii pl94 ; Bugut. Insc. B2.17 

1593 »sp*8p , ry B .j'>'V < ot r- ^j&» 
(o)spa6-Pare 

weapons, army equipment, equipment 

BSTBL, Vim. 136; GMS 1130 n 1 

1594 >sp ) 5y , n B, S Ar-«^L- 
(o)spaSyan ©pi. -f 

soldier 

GMS 1049; TSP 2.194, 22.1, 4; Livsic. HMV 
Bugut. Insc. B2 13 

1595 'sp'Syh B iUt.^JUj 
(o)spa8ya 

attack 
TSP 2.200 

1596 >sp>yst S ^j^ 
(o)spaxst ^spyst-, 'sp'ys- 

servant 

Hen. Talcs. 486.21 

1597 'sp'ystk B ( y^< ( ^ 
(o)spaxste =» } sp } ys-, 'spyst'y 

serviced, respected 

TSP 8.188 

1598 Vnch B, S I^jl^&.gi 
(o)spanc ©loc. -yh =^spnc, sp'nc, >spn- 

inn, rest house 

TSP 12.2 n p224 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 41; Hen. Magi. 
138,9 

1599 'sp'nt'rmS =» spnd ) rmd 

1600 'sp'ntrmt rwc S (JU^ju r -: u i J ^).U r ^, } 3J 
(o)spandarmat roc Ospnt'rmt rwc) =^spnd } rmt 

rwc 
fifth day of the month 
MDii; Hen. Orientalia. 8.94 

1601 'sp'rft B jj ^ ^ ^ r ,j^:^(s jU^ ^ ^^ 

©*spard-' y Skt. spardhate-, Khot. spal- 
pupil 
apud. Benv. TSP 3.74n pl94; Hen. Texts. 726; 



'spHvn'wy 



Emmerick. SGS 135 

1602 »sp»rymy(y) B ^jr-^j? 
osprayme ©<Av. spardYa-, fsprg; Parth.; MP 

hprhm ^sprym'k, 'sprymyCy), sp } rymy 
flower 
TSP 2.47, 5.81, 8.73, 17.28, 20.12; Hen. BBB 573; 

BSOAS 12.47; Bailey. Prolcxis. 406 

1603 Vryt'ny B J^y^J ^ 
(o)sp(D)ryadani ? ^'spryk* 

cleverness 

TSP 2.1099 n pl83 ; GMS 1074a 

1604 *sp*s B, M, S yj^ j*)j^.ji <(i>^i '^-^ <cA- 

(o)spas ©Parth. MP >sp y s ©ob. -yy =*sp>s 

service, honour, respect 

GMS 157; SCE 71, 192; TSP 2.1180 & etc.; VJ 

893; BSTBL, Dhy. 4 ; Frag. 2a.4 ; Talcs. 470.8, 

473.44 ; MDii 

1605 »spVk(w) B {i±^tjJi*^<J&M± 
(o)spase, (o)spasaku ©Parth. *spsg ©pi. -yt, 

- } tt =>sp»sy 
attendant, servant 
TSP 8.199; BSTBL, Vim. 173, Dhy. 90 ; VJ 1278 

1606 'spVyh B, M jS^j± 
(o)spasc Osp'sy) ©MP f sp\syg ©pi. -t(hh ob. 

pi. -ly ^sp^kr'nc, sp'sy 
servant 
GMS 965; BBB bl92 ; pi. 'sp's'yu VJ 72, 88, 342, 

395; BSTBL, Vim. 63 

1607 >spVyk(h) B ^j^ ^ J^j^ <jl*ou>- 
(o)spasik ©pi. -t 

attendant, servant, attached to service 
VJ 844; GMS 994 

1608 'sp'skr^nc M Ojr-A^-**<j^ s -^> : ^- 1 *j^>, 
(o)spas-karanc ©<*spds-kare ©f. n. 

^'sp's'yh 
girl-servant, maid 
GMS 1044; Sund. Man. Lett. 306.30 

1609 Vsy =* 'sp's'yh 

1610 'sp'sykh S oj{-&*z^cJ&*j^ j£-*tj\z~^ 
(a)spasika =*sp J sy 

girl-servant, maid 
MDii p21.17, 22 n p31 

1611 'sp'wn'wy B ^ t ^\ i j. J y, 
(3)spawnawe ? ©Parth. '^w ^'sp'yn'w^ 
revolution 



'sp^nSv'k 



64 



^i. 



U*J*" 



oiilptA fwj^U;) ^jj^- 



TSP 6.146 

1612 'sp'yn'w'k B 
(o)spenawe ^'sp'w^wy 
revolution 
TSP 11.21 

1613 Vyn(h) B,S 
(o)spen ? =*sp'yn 
revolt 

TSP 9.14; Frag. Len. 81.16 

1614 'sp'ynst S U 6 i?J>a <UI^jU^ 
(o)spanst, spanst ? ^sp'nch, >spnc 

inns 

GMS 260 

1615 'sp'ys- B, S * u^^*J*j£ ir \ 7 *<C>*J'>z*j±- 
(o)spes ©<*spasaya ^sp'yst, sps-, } spys-, 

spys-, 'spxst- 

(/<?)scrvc, OcOhonour 

BSTBL; SCE 192; TSP; Frag. Len. ; inf. V^y, 
TSP 6.104 

1616 Vyt B juu 
ospet ©<Av. spaeta 

white 

TSP 3.4, 12, 5.54; STii 10, 19, 23 & etc. 

1617 Vy^k B (Jj^^^^xJ^^j^ 
(o)spetc (sp } ytk/y, 'sp'ytk, } spytk) =>spyty, 

spty 2 
white 
GMS 969 ; SCE 22 ; TSP ; BSTBL, STii 10.34; 

sp'ytkw, VJ l b ; 'sp'yt'w, SCE 171 

1618 Vytch B jl^ 
(o)spetc ©f. adj. ^sp'yt'k, spyty 

white 
VJ 1106 

1619 »sp»ytk -» 'sp^tfk 

1620 ^p'yty B -* 'sp'yt'k 

1621 >spYSt- B ji/^to:/^^ 
(o)spaxst ©Av. spasta ©pt. st. -Vsp^s-, 

'spxst- 
0<?)serve, GcOrespect 
GMS 257 

1622 'spyst'y B tAr^^j^ 
(a)spaxste ©ace. } spVstw ^sp'ystk 
respectful 

SCE 35; TSP 8.196 

1623 'spywS S j\y~f^ t^\ jjs.^ <v ^i ^-^u j ^j 
asp-yo5 =>yw5n 



horse covering, horse armour 
MDii pl94 

1624 >spn'yn B jl^x'J^ 
(o)spancn ? ^spnyn^y 

(<?/)iron 
SCE 362 

1625 'spn'yn'k B jo^^T 
(o)spanenc (spn^yny 'spnyn'k) ©Khwar. 

as pant; Khot. hissana-, Oss. afsan-, Past. 

aspina, Sughn. sepen>, Parth. dsunen\ Pahl. 

} s(y)n ^spnyn'y, spn'yn*k 
(o/)iron 
SCE 205, 275; Bailey. Prolexis. 419 

1626 'spn'ynch B ^7 

(o)spanenc ©f. adj. 

(o/)iron 

SCE 181, 230; GMS 1055; \spnyncy, SCE 388 

1627 'spn'ynkwc'k B jUo^T 

(o)spancn-kocc 
having an iron beak 
SCE 262 

1628 *spnc M ^^ < I^-OW 9 
(o)spanc ©<Parth. MP } spynj ©pi. -//, -ynsi 

=> ( spync, 'sp'nch, 'sp'ynst 
inn, rest house 
GMS 112, 260; Hen. BSOAS 12, 307, 37; BSOAS 

1965, 244nl> pi. "sp'ynsu GMS 260; >spncu 

BSOAS 12, 307.37 

1629 >spnd M (jj^Jjj* 
spand 

sacred 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.14; BBB 

1630 'spnt'rmt rwc => 'sp'ntrmt rwc 

1631 } spnyn }) y B ^7 
(o)spanene Cspnyn'k, 'spnyny) ^'spn'yn'k, 

'spn'yn 
(o/)iron 
SCE 222, 227, 231, 245, 269; GMS 1055 

1632 'spnyn'k =» 'spnyn'y, 'spn'yr^k, 'spyn'nk 

1633 >spnyny M =» >spnyn*y 

1634 'spr'ync- S oi^ioJ^J&vid*J'yX 
asprenc ©fsparg- 

(/o)develop, (rc)burst, GcOappcar 
Frag. Len. 84a, 11 

1635 'spr'yncn B J^j^ 
osprenc(an) =>spryncn snng 

lightning 



65 



'spwrnCw) 



TSP 936 n p220 ; S W, BSOAS 1983, 46 

1636 'spryk* B ^j^Uc->^ 

(o)sprayk ? ^sp'ryt'ny 
clever, outstanding 

SCE 42, 503; >sprYky, TSP 2.609, 1068, 1127, 
6.35, 12.57 



^sp'rymyCy) 



cr^ 



r*- 



*<J 



tj 



1637 'sprym'k B (jy^ 
osprayme (sprymyy, 'sprymk) 
flower 

VJ 439, 1018; TSP; BSTBL; SCE 138; 'sprYrrty, 
BSTBL, Dhy. ; >sprYm>kw, VJ 340, 443, 962; 
} sprrm y w, VJ 834; pi. 'sprYm'yt, BSTBL, Dhy. 
220; >sprYmt\ TSP 7.10; 'sprYmkU Frag. Len. 
38.8 

1638 'sprymk =» 'sprynVk 

1639 'sprymyn'k B 

(o)spraymenc 
flowery, (c/)flowcrs 
Vim. 88, BSTBL ; BBB 573 

1640 } sprymy(y) B, M 
osprayme ©pi. -yt, -t\ -kt ^'sprynVk 
flower 

BSTBL, Vim. 79 ; Dhy. 381; Hen. Talcs. 476-10 

1641 'sprywmych S J^J^^j^ 
(o)spray(u)mcc 

flowery 
MDii pl43.10 

1642 'spstky' M ^U- tiSJ \Ji*j±. ijw 
aspastakya ©*ham-spasa ^spstyy, 'nspstqy* 
zeal, willingness to serve 

GMS 338; W-L; BBB 727 

1643 J spstyy M 
aspaste ©<*ham-spasa~ 
zealous 
GMS 982, 1192 

1644 > S pt C 
asp-t ? ©pi. =^sp 
snare 

BSTii 836.5; Benv. JA 1955, 303 n L21 ; C2, 
108R4 n pl79.4GMS 1071; BBB 

1645 >spt- B f U,-<>lT 
(o)spat ©in compd. 

complete 
GMS 982, 1192 

1646 > S pt w B (J^i^jU^ 
(o)spat ©<*spata-, Av. safa; Khwar.'jW; Oss. 



t_SjL>- i\J*j£ i,ji>^" 



r 



b i*i? 



sdftdg 
hooves 
SCE 152 . 

1647 >spt>pr>y B ^^o'y 
aspata(3are 

having solid hooves ? 
SCE 152 n p36 

1648 >spt } k B, M, S r U;^ir^ir 
(o)spate, aspate (sptk, >sptk, *sptyh, >sptyy) 

©<*us-prtaka ^'sp^y, spty 1 
perfect, complete, completely 
VJ 38, 63; SCE 368, 541; Frag. Len. 100 c9 ; GMS 

18, 529, 982; Hen. Tales. 467.20-, S W, BSOAS 

1983; >spt>kw, TSP 5.110; KG 383, 438, 439; 

>sptkw, MDii; >spt (i) w % TSP 2.751, 1223, 7.76, 

15-16,20.13; BSTBL, Dhy. 202 

1649 »spt»y B, M f uj ,SuiT < y£ 
ospate Ospty) ^spty 1 , 'spt'k 

perfect, complete, completely 

TSP 2.1183, 16.23; SCE 120, 121, 127, 502, 486; 

STii 8.8; BBB 649, 610; >sptyh % BBB b49 ; Hen. 

Tales. 467.43 

1650 >sptk «¥ 'spt'k 

1651 'sptkrmy M jlTj^lf «ai f U*i jfdJ* 
(o)spat-karme ©pi. -/ 

one whose deeds are accomplished 
GMS 968 

1652 ) sptsr5 n k B (J,(T JU.X ^/y.>)<JU£i <JUJ*lf 
(3)spat-sar5ak =*sr5*k 

(of) full age (used with negative) 
GMS 1156; SCE 14; Mack. BSTBL pl54 

1653 'sptsrwsyy M jb^jUySuT 
ospat-srose 

obedient(c7ie whose obedience is perfect) 
GMS 1156; BBB 687 

1654 >spty B =* ) spt , k 

1655 »spty'q M ^U^JLT 
(a)spatyak Cspty'k) 

perfection 
GMS 1110 

1656 >sptyh M *± 'spt'k 

1657 'sptyy M =» 'spt'k 

1658 >spwrn(w) B, S J? <* 

(a)spurn ©<*us-prna-, Khot. uspurra-, Pahl. 

uspur =»'spwrn, spwrn-, V 'spwrnw 
full, complete, enough 



'spwrny'kh 



66 



<o^<7l 



TSP 776; MDii B4R19V1; GMS 99, 151 

1659 ^pwrny'kh M JLT^uT 
(3)spurnyak ^spwny'q, 'spwrny'k 
perfection 

Sogdica. 2, 3 ; KG 610; GMS 513, 1110 

1660 >spxst- M o^o^ 
(a)spaxst ©pt. st. ^'sp'ys-, 'spyst- 
0o)serve, (to)rcspcct 

GMS 520, 884 

1661 >spymh B (? aJt^JL^i^ji r U) 
(o)spem ? Ospynmwh, 'spymwh) 

(name of a/z)illness, tumour 

TSP 7.61; -mwK TSP 2.36; Hen. Texts. 715 

1662 'spymwh =» 'spymh 

1663 >spyn M j^Lij&kf 
ospin Ospynd/t) ©pi. -d-t =^spyn } wy, spn } k 
sinful, sinner 

GMS 112; Hen. BSOAS 11, 66; BBB f8 ; S W, C2 
p95.13 

1664 'spyn'nk B ^7 
ospancne ? Ospnyn'k) -^spnyn'y 

(6>/)iron 
TSP 2.850 

1665 'spynd/t M => } spyn 

1666 'spynmwh B =» 'spymh 

1667 'spy s- B, S j^^o^o^ 
ospcs =^spxs-, 'spyst-, 'sp'ys-, sps- 
(to)scrvc, (^)respect 

GMS 157, 192 ; BSTBL, Vim. 102, Dhy. 4; KG 
584, 510; AVS 128 

1668 >spytc ? S (j^y)j/^<^ 
(a)spec 

(a sort e>/)weed 
Anc. Lett. 5.8 p33n5 

1669 >spytk B =» >sp , yt , k 

1670 'spyy ptxwng M 
aspe-patxung 
horse killing 
Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.19 

1671 >srt(y) C 
(a)sart(y) ©a-sarta-, Skt. asirta 
united, together with 

Sund. AoF 1981, 213; S W, Ham. CII, 1990, 73, 
G15.4 

1672 >st' ** 'st 1 

1673 >st' B >*rs<^ 



«*V 



cr=*"r 



ast (^styh, >styy) ^'sty 3 

existence 

TSP 7.120 

1674 'st- C j*f 
ast ©pt. st. -^s-.'yt-, } stw 

(fo)take 

GMS 539 n 2; STi 38.6 

1675 -'st J^\j\ ^Ju^ x^^ 
(a)st, (9)st 

elative suffix 
GMS 1309 

1676 'st'k S <£^jy ^^^ iS\x^ 
astak ©pi. -t 

sapling, stem 

S W, KG 503 pl80 

1677 'st'nd ** >st>nt 

1678 >st*nk B ^jW(^>r^ 
astong ?, (o)stang ? 

(name of tfn)illness 
TSP 2.35 

1679 'st'np B (<r~^)^ 



(o)stamb ©<*stamba; Parth. st } mb; MP 'stmbg 

=>stmb 
coarse, rough 
BSTBL, Dhy. 169 ; Benv. Notesiii 227 

1680 'st'npr'k B ^^K^ 
(o)stambare 

violent, cruel 
TSP 2.292 n 173 

1681 Wnpyr'y B j^sy^- 
(o)stanpore, stambare ? ^st'npyr'k 
obstinate, violent 

VJ 39 d ; >st>(n)psr>k f MDii p52.8 ; apud. Weber. IF 
1975, 94f 

1682 >st'nt 

astand Ost'nd, st'nd) ©3pl. pres. subj. =$'ynt, 

xnt, } nt 2 
GMS 780; SCE 35; AVS 224 

1683 Wny S c&*<± 
(o)stane =>>stny 

place 
MDii p38.18 

1684 'st'nyk B j/l^^b^Ji^L 
astanik 

messenger 

VJ 1384; GMS 997A ; BSTii 880. 12; Benv. ETii 



;1 

■A 



Jjlf 



jAljb j^ 



olfjU- 



J_^- 



• iL < 



67 



132; C2, 77V 12 

1685 »stVk B, M >>- 
(o)stare (st'ryyt, »stry) ©<*staraka ©pi. jfV*/ 

^'st'ryt 
star 
TSP 6.147; SCE 265; TSP 3.152 

1686 'stYs B 
(o)stars ©Wakh. stors 
plough share 
SCE 245 ; Gersh. IF 1970, 305 

1687 'st'ryt M 
ostaret (st'r'k, *stryt) ©ob. pi. >st*rytyy 
stars 
GMS 157, 937 

1688 >st ) t 
astat ©ast+at ©3sg. subj. =»x } t, "t, 'sty 1 
GMS 781, 856; AVS 225 

1689 >st*wn B 
ostun ©<OP stand ©ob. -yh 
column, colonnade 
SCE 229 

1690 >st , wp , h B ^i^jl 
ostupa CstwpO ©ace. -w ; ob. - (>, y 
stupa 
TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 68, >stwpw 

1691 >st , wrh B, S 
(o)stor Cstwr) ©ob. -y(hk pi. -t =»stwr 
cattle 

TSP 2.540 & etc.; TSP 3.251, 282, 291; VJ 87 & 
etc.-, MD 

1692 's^wrpa^y =» > stwrp6 > y 

1693 >st ) wrp8 > k B, S y^ 8 -*'-^ 
(3)stor-pa6e =»stwrp5yy 

cattle, cattle-kind 

stor +pad, Gersh. Advice. 86; SCE; VJ ; TSP; 
STii 10; Hen. Tales. 486.12; -w, VJ 48 

1694 'st'y 

aste ©3sg. irr. ^'sty 1 

AVS 225; GMS 782; TSP 2, 164, 997 

1695 'st'yy/x B 
(o)stcy ©*staig ; *stdk 
upright, erect 
BSTBL, Dhy. 84, 137; GMS 1106; S W, BSOAS 

1975, 134 

1696 >st»ynt 
astend ©3pl. opt. ^'sty 1 , 'st'y, >ynt, y'ynt 



j>~- 



( *l*JL~>) A-JU* <<Us i4ZZ>\jS\ 



'stryt 

GMS 781; Dhy. 209; TSP 7.9, 11; AVS 225 

1697 'starch B ^«aU 
(a)stirc ©<*stri- =» } stryc 

female 

Benv. TSP 2.353 npl73 

1698 »stptyy M c^ijt^ijSL*^ 
(a)stapde ©Parth. MP 'stft ©pp. =»'stptyyh, 

stpty(y) 
cruel 
GMS 157 

1699 >stk- B, M, S ol>U 
ostak ®<*astaka\ Khwar. >stk\ Yaghn. sitak\ MP 

astag ©ace. -w, abl. -Snon. gen. -y =»stq-, 

st'yn'k 
bone 
GMS 981, 1185 ; BBB 93 b37 ; VJ 806, TSP 2.117, 

361, 370, 3.273; SCE 83, 271; STSC; -Wi, VJ 

781,779 

1700 >stq ) (n) 

ast-kan ©3sg. fut. ->>sty l 
GMS 

1701 'stkpys'y B f Ul <^l>^J y±* ^'y^ 1 
ostak-pise ? 

bony, limb 

Gersh. IF 1970, 303; BSTBL, Intox. 24 ; SCE 368 

1702 'stkyn'y B J**^ 
ostakene 

(o/)bone, bony 
SCE 169; GMS 1053 

1703 >stny B 
(o)stane ^'st'ny 
place 
TSP 2.1017 n p!82;GMS 1118 

1704 >str > B (. 
astara ©<*ustara 
later 
GMS 97; VJ 349 +myS, "the next day" 

1705 'strwsk => swsk 

1706 'strwsk M =* 'strwsk 

1707 >stry M =* 'st'r'k 

1708 'stryc M 
(o)stric Cstryc) ^'st'yrch, stryc 
female 
BBB-, GMS 3, 157; Sund. 1994, 45.16 

1709 'stryt =» 'st'ryt 



jt£>» i i \^XA fU- 



Jjj)-^. <»_■> 



»st\v 



68 



■) 



iT-*">r.J 






1710 >st\v S ^J>^ 
ast(u)? 

property ? 
MD ; Nov. 3V7 

1711 'stwp* B =» , st , wp > h 

1712 'stwr S => >st>wrh 

1713 'stwrpS^ B ^j^-^^o^ 
(o)storpaSe ( , st , wrp5 , y) -»stwrpSyy, WwrpS'k 
cattle 

SCE; VJ ; TSP ; Gersh. Advice. 86n 27a 

1714 'stwrsnyk M -uij>-l( 
astrusnik 

{related to)Ustrushna 
MDii piOll 3, >strwsnk 

1715 'sty 1 c~Jio 
ast(i) (sty 1 , »st\ 'ymn) ©3sg. prcs. of Sah- 

=^ } ys\ 'ym^ 'y 1 , x-\ »t, ( ycy, ycy, xcy, 'stq'Cn), 

'st'ynt, »st'y t *ynt, >st ) t 
is 
GMS 760-86 

1716 >sty 2 B 
aste ^'st 2 
existence, being 
TSP 2.1016; >*/, TSP 7.120 

1717 *>styh -> *st 3 

1718 'styw =» } styyw 

1719 >styy M =» >st 2 

1720 >styyw B 
ostyu ? Ostyw) =*styw 
although, even if 

BSTBL, Vim. 99 ; TSP 6.107; Hen. Texts. 722 

1721 >swr C JJjUj^Ip 
asur, ansur ©Av. asura ©ob. pi. ~ty ^^^wr 
tusk 

BSTii 849.4; C2, 12R4 n p55 ; Gersh. AHM 219 

1722 >swswyn't(t) S 
(o)sosuyant ©pi. 
Soshiyan(j) 

Livsic\ AO Hung. 1972, 88, Bugut. Insc. B 1.4 

1723 ^xw'y- M jjjjLj OJ^Jx* 
osxway ©<*us-xwdhaya- =*sxwst-, 'sywst-, 

'syw'y-, sxw'y- 
GcOtake out 
MSP el6 

1724 'sxw'y S =» sxw>y- • 



1 <^>rj v <J^ 



\ u£ j (j—j w* *-* 



1725 'sy-' B u^«jju7jk* 
(o)say ©intrans. v. =>z>ryy sy-, sy- 1 
OcOseem 

GMS 494, 550; VJ 368; BSTBL, Dhu. 183 

1726 *sy- : B j.^ <i>b jU; 
(o)say ©trans, v. =*sy- j 

0<?)show 
GMS 494, 550 

1727 >sy- 3 B cpfjJ**y.j*-> 
(o)say (sy- 2 ) 

(to)lic down, (/^establish 
SCE 175, 3pl. pres. } sy*nt 

1728 >sy>yn>k B J*^^ 
(o)saycne =»z J ry sy'n'k 

showing 

BSTBL, Padm. 13f 

1729 'symy C (<^1 : J^>)^\ ^ t^\ J± t J J^ 
ascmc ©pi. -/ =»sym(h) 

troubled, confused 

BSTii 850.2; C2, 12V2 n p56 ; pi. -r. C2, 31R17, 
54R17 

1730 >s *± »rt rwc 

1731 'sp'rmyk B 
osfarmik (sP'rnVy) 
pudenda 
TSP 7.167 

1732 'sp'rs- B 
osfars ©pass. st. =»sfrs- 
0<?)be ashamed 
TSP 2.654; GMS 441 

1733 'sbdy C =» >sybty 

1734 ScyWk B 
asciyane ©<*aJ;ian <*azjian <*arjyan <*rjyan ; 

*sacydna(ka) -^'ysc'n'y 
worthy 
VJ 1096; BSTBL, Dhy. 14; BBB p93, b42 ; GMS 

155, 263 n 2; S W, Studia Orientalia. 

(Helsinki) 1980,7 

1735 ^SPr M =» sf'r 

1736 »sf»rkrty => sp>rkrt>k 

1737 >sk>p> S ^jjj\j^ 
oskafa ? ^sq'P- 

gnashing 

MHC p26, 36.8 V5 

1738 'sk'np B JUijl^ 
askamb ^sk'np, mskmp 



.& 



vjJu^o cJb*s- i -j^i-b* ji 



jj' l irjJ ^ 



69 



'smVt- 



world 

TSP 8.189-, >sk } np\ TSP 2.1150; Wnpvv, VJ n p91, 

101 etc. >nk y npw, VJ 38 b ; GMS 366, *skamb-, 

"to support" 

1739 'sk'r- B, M, S (jjjLi:^*)^*^^^^ 
oskar Oskr-) ©<*skar- ©impf. sykr =*sk'r-, 

skr- 
OcOlcad, (fo)pursue, (fo)chase 
GMS 366, 492; VJ; TSP 2; BSTBL, Padm. 28; SCE 

251, 394; Frag. Len. 8 R7 ; Anc. Lett. 3.11; inf. 

-Wy.TSP 13.2, 12.5 

1740 >sk J rt -» sk'rt- 

1741 »gkVt- B, M,S Cp/JU 
oskart (skrt-, 'skrt-) ©pt; St. \ftfcrttfV-; trans. 

prct. st. -^sk'r- 
GcOIcad, GcOpursue 
GMS 486, 879 ; SCE 456, 3sg. pot.; AVS 103 

1742 'sk'wrS B jr^«o3~ 
oskorO (sqwrG) ©<*skau0i; MP iskoh 

=»sk } wr5, skwrS 
difficult 
GMS 361, 366; VJ 259; SCE 288 ; STii 9.1, 6 ; 

BSTBL, Vim. 150; TSP 2, 269, >skwr6\ BBB f28 

1743 ^skVrSy* B, S ^ 
oskorGya (sqwr8y\ 'skwrSyO ©f. =>skwr5y J h, 

sk'wrSy* 

difficulty 

BSTBL, Vim. 152; Frag. Len. 57.11; MDii pl68.4 

1744 >sk ) yr- B jj^^O-^JL^ 
oskir (sqyr-) ©pass. st. =*sk'yr- 

(fo)be pursued 
GMS 540-, TSP 2.551 

1745 >skr- =* 'sk'r-, skr- 

1746 >sqr- =» 'nsk'r- 

1747 'skr'yn* B ^<. 
oskarene ^sk^yn'k 
follower 
TSP 2.890, pres. part. pi. >skrWtt, TSP 2.629 

1748 >skrcy B, S j^^ 
oskarce/i 
pursuit, chase 
TSP 13, Rust, ii, 11 ; Hen. Tales. 478, 14 ; GMS 

1008 

1749 >skrt- B, M =» >sk>rt- 

1750 >skrt } y B 
(o)skarte ©pp. 
pursued, chased 



i-JLjj 



l S^JJ>- c<>SJl3>- 



d~<£ 



*/*# 



BSTBL, Dhy. 200 

1751 >skrwp B (J>jJlt.)j^\^ iKjF ^ 
(a)skaruP, askruf ? ©<*skarf 

trouble 

SCE 21 n p34 ; GMS 366,482 

1752 >skw B, M 
(o)sku ©<*hisku =*skw, swk 1 
dry 
GMS 93; Sogdica. 64.13; BBB 486 

1753 >skw>c M(S) 
(o)skuca(+z } y) ©f. adj. 
dry land 
Sogdica. 64.13; S W, C2 n pl50.26 

1754 >skwch B 
(o)skuc ®<*skuth Khot. skat a 
throat 
TSP 6.88 ; GMS 147 A 

1755 'skwch-'ptr'ywstk 
(o)skuc-(o)patrxusk ? 
having an obstructed throat 

SCE 390; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. TSP 1945, 147; 
JRAS 1942, 9 

1756 > skwr5 B, M =» »sk»wr8, skwr5 

1757 >skwr5y> S ^ >sk , wr5y> 

1758 'sm^h => 'sm'yw 

1759 'sm'yw B, S us. 
osmaxu, smax Osm'yh) ©<*smdxam\ Yaghn. 

sumax =^sm } Yw, 'sm'xfw) 
you 
GMS 157, 1380; TSP 2.672, 827, 1143, 21i 4 ; Hen. 

Tales. 478.22; >$m% TSP 2.827 

1760 'sm'r- B, S ji J ^ i oJ^^id}J'jj~& 
(o)smar ©<*hisman fsmar- =>sm J r- 
GcOthink, (reconsider, (^)count 

BSTBL, Dhy.; TSP; MDii ; BBB 

1761 'smV M J^ i<L*x>\ i jyat i £k 
(o)smara ©Av. hismar ©f. n. =^sm } r* 

thought 

Sogdica. 64.9; GMS 93 

1762 ) sm ) r 1 k(h) B, S £jj fljal j^J^-)^^ tJ ^s i/^as 

(o)smara(k) ^ ) sm > r , ) smVkh 

thought, meditation 

BSTBL, Vaj. 4, 5; TSP 2.756; KG 362 

1763 'sm'r't- S b*j+^ ijjL-^jul 
asmar-at (smr*t-) ©pt. st. =*sm } rt- 




'snVxCw) 



70 



GcOthink, (to)count 
Anc. Lett. 3.33 

1764 'sm'xfw) M U^ 
asmax(u) ©<*smdxam ^sm'yw, sm'x 

you 

GMS 157, 1380; KG 332 

1765 'sn'ky'ntyc S (/^Li/^j^JU^ „U 
ssnaxandic- ^sn'xntyc 

fifth month of the year 
MDii Nov. 1R 

1766 'sn'ych ? =* yyn'ynch ? 

1767 'sp^y S ? o> «j£ ,? *y>. <c^-J 
(o)spa5e ? ©Pers. as ? 

part, portion ?, bowl ? 

Frag. Len. 60, 8, 69, 28-33; S W, BAI 1990, 286 

1768 >sp>yr B > 
osper ? ©*y/7arya ©ob. -y 

cave, grotto 

BSTBL, Dhy. 362; Benv. Notesii 237 

1769 >spn- C ^jji t jju.j7 
aspan, arhspan ©Khwar. hsf-\ MP hasp- 

©impf. mspn ^'sp'nch, } nspn- 
(/<?)rest 
BSTii 878.7; STSC 12; C2, 87R7, 60R15 

1770 >ssh B cr > 
o(s)sa ? ®*rsa; <IE *r£-j<?; Khwar. /irs; Av. 

arsa 
bear 
SCE 359 ; GMS 155 

1771 >st c » S f B (u^>i->»)^u 
ast(a) ('st, } sth) ®<*asta =*sV 

eight 

GMS 87, 1316.8; Frag. Len.; >Sth t MDii 

1772 WdV- C *± >st>y- 

1773 >st't S &±* 
astat ©<*aJr5n" =»st>t 

eighty 

Frag. Len. 117 R5 

1774 »st»t- ** >st>y- 

1775 St'tc S (j(^./ .-^j^oU ^jc^-j jjj oj^Lil 
astac- ©Av. arstat 

twenty-sixth day of the month 
GMS 357; MDii 149.6; MDiii 91 

1776 >st»y- C j,h d [^ 
astay, amstay Osty-, 'st*!-) ©impf. mft'y; trans. 

pret. 'fr'dV-, } st } td } r- ^'nst'y-, 'nst't-, 'st'yny, 



f>- 



mst'y- 
(ro)show 
GMS 657 ; STii 1.87; BSTi 253; C2 gloss.; Sund. 

AoF 1981 p2l3 

1777 >5t»y , mnty C ^liWjb, 
astayamande Osty'mnty) 
indication 
STi 32.17 ; GMS 1100; BSTii 904.30 : C2, 57R30 

1778 'st'yk S 
ostik =* J styk, >cstyk 

third 

~>v, Hen. Magi. 138.29; KG 339, 617; W-Lii 569; 
-ft, MSP bl4 

1779 »st»yny C (tjujtjjUj)^^ 
astayne ©pres. part.; ob. pi. -/y ^st'y- 
guide, indicator 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 174.2 

1780 >st5s B >js** 
ast-5as ~>sts 

eighteen 

BSTBL, Dhy. 312-3 

1781 »sth S ** >st ()) 

1782 >stmy B ^ 
astami 

eighth 

GMS 1096, 1331; TSP 2.331; VJ 885; BSTBL, 
Dhu. 231, 254, 264 

1783 >stmyk C)) S 
astamik ^stmyq 

eighth 

TSP 3.99, 14.17, 9.18 ; Frag. Len. 69.27; -w, MSP 
b33, 108 

1784 >stn B J*^jL^-I 
ostan ®<*hista- =^skwn 

durative particle 
Benv. AO 30, 1966, 46 

1785 >stnh B jl^*^ 
ostana ©Av. fstana; Skt. stana 

breast 

VJ 6 a , 1208; GMS 314 n 1 

1786 J strwsk M (.Ji^^i^j^S)^ JjL* (j/ ^5C) 
(a)s9rusk ?, (o)susk ? Ostrwsk) 

lunar mansion 

GMS 981; Hen. JRAS 1942, 242 n 1 






*j>r 



1787 >stwkry B 
ast-wakre 



u^ , 



71 



'tSrmnwkw'nch 



ol<j>i 



{of) eight kinds 

BSTBL, Dhu. 255; Vim. 16 

1788 'sty B f > 
osti ^tSrty, J csty 

third 

TSP 2.1053, 1055, 1093; >styw f TSP 2.325, 1075, 
1117; GMS 1331, 1337 

1789 >sty- C -> 'st'y- 

1790 >sty*mnty C =» 'stymnty 

1791 'Styk B, M, S f ^ 
DStik ^'st'yk, styk, } cstyk, USrtyw, cst'yk* 

third » 

TSP 2.1234; GMS 1331; STi 86.17; MSP b58 ; 
} stykw t Frag. Lcn. 98b2 

1792 W B i^i^f 
(o)su ©OP sim ©3sg. pcrs. pron. ace. sg. =*sV 
him 

VJ ; BSTBL; GMS 1365 

1793 W S 
(o)su ©3sg. pron. art. =» } LH 
S W, TPS 1994, 43-50 

1794 'swkc =$ swkc } 

1795 >sy C ^S^ 

ase ^"s'kCw) 
ashes 

C2, 69R27, 91R9; STSC 8 ; abl. T, C2, 77V18 

1796 »sy* M j,y> t &*[^ <& 
asya, asi =>sy\ 'sy'h, wsy* 

memory 

Sogdica. 21.4; BBB pl35 ; KG 427; W-Lii 

1797 >sy»h B, S j,^ «d^u »_^ t & 
asya, asi (>syh) ©*K«+a(OP. dual)=usyd 

^'sy', sy> 
memory, memorial 
Lentz. STii 577; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len. 91.3; 

GMS 102, 948; Livsic. HMV 263, "memorial"; 

>syw "recorded" MDii pl58.1 ; S W, Ao, 1981, 

15 

asePd, arhse(3d ©pt. st. ^'ns'yp-, 'ns'ypt 
(fo)bury, (rc)cover 
C2 gloss. 
^99 >sybty C 

asepde (>sbdy) ©pp. =*>ns>yp 
buried, covered 



oJ— - y iO *3X» 



STii 1.80; Benv. J A 1955, 334 n27 ; C2, 94V 5, 
68V8; pi. -/, BSTii 826.35, 843.39 

1800 >syh => 'sy'h 

1801 'syn'ty C ^L* 
asyande ?, (o)syn(o)te ? 

convenient 

BSTii 878.8; C2, 87R8 pl63 

1802 } syp- C <jxV.jt f <o*J' i j* 
asep, amsep ©impf. msyp ^'ns'yp-, *sybt- 
Oo)bury 

C2, 51R21; Benv. Eti, JA 1955, 308, 334 n27 

1803 >t' (j > * > ^ jJ )UU«r«j 
a9, ot Otp\ >tpn, >tfy, 'tm(n), } tn, >ts, >tsw, Hsy, 

>tsn, Hen, } tsc, >tms, } rtms) ©*uta ©in compd. 

=>rty, 'rt 1 , >rty\ >ty, ZY, »ty(y), >PZY 
and, that, but 
GMS 97, 135 n 1 ; S W, BSOAS 1975, 133, 1983, 

41 n2, 1985, 112-3 

1804 , t 1 M 

at ©*ahati\ Sa\\- ©3sg. subj. =»»t, xH, Wt 
GMS 767; AVS 225 

1805 *t S xSy**. f *V 

at (>tt») ®*atd<*ati+nl ©Idg. l L =>'D 

to, towards 

GMS 1632; Hen. BSOAS 11, 717; S W, BSOAS 

1975, 136-9-, Anc. Lett. >(, W, MDii "about", 

} tw 

1806 >tp> =» >t\ P' 1 

1807 >tpn =* >t\ -Pn 

1808 >tcn =» >t\ en 

1809 J tcw ^ cw 

1810 >tSpz>mwrtk B J^f $<»s 
(3)5pza-murte ^^pz'mwrty 

star vedihunger -dead) 

BSTBL, Vim. 133 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 140b 

1811 'tSrmnkw'ch =» 'tSrmnwkw'nch 

1812 > t8rmnw B, S pik..^ ij*jj>\ 
aGramanu, ossmanu ©*ahra-manyu; Av. angra 

mainyu- =»smnw 
Ahriman, demon 
Lentz. STii 577; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138, 14, 28; 

Mittelir. TSP 11.16, 18, 21iiil2 ; BSTBL, Vim. 

148; Frag. Len. 93, 31; GMS 1190 

1813 'tfirmnwkw'nch B, S v-tj** 
Gramanu-kwanc OtSrmnkw'ch) ^smnwk'nc 
demoniac, devilish 



} t6rty 



72 



r>- 



r>" 



iSJ 



.Ut7 



BSTBL, Vim. 98, 110, Dhy. 173; Benv. Notes 4, 
507; VJ 1046 ? ; H6rmkW>ncK TSP 6.191 n p207 ; 
Hen. Sogdica. 60.13; Tales. 476.5 

1814 >t5rty B 
o9r(3)t"i, asti =^csty, csty, >sty 
third 

VJ 1070; STii 10.9, 50; BSTBL, Dhu. 229, 248, 
254; GMS 1331, 1337 

1815 >t5rtyk B, S r > 
30r(3)tik, ostik -*cst*yk\ »5rtyk, >styk, >cstyk 
third 

VJ 244; Anc. Lett. 3.26 

1816 >t8rtyw B , 
o8r(o)tiyu, ostiyu ©OP Qitiyam =^styk 
third 
VJ 292, 377; TSP 21 i, % SCE 514 

1817 >t6rzm>k B 
oSrazmak (Srzm'k) ^SrznVy 
anger 
BSTBL, Dhu. 190, 191, 198; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds, 

1945, 138 n 1 

1818 >tfy =► »t\ -fy 

1819 'tyw'r'k M 
stuxarc 
Tokharian 
Hen. Sogdica. 8.5b ; Hen. BSOS 9, 545 

1820 >tm(n) -» >t\ -mn 

1821 >tms =» >t 1 , ms 

1822 >tn -* V, -n 

1823 >tn (,) => V, n> 

1824 >tpn C 
atapan ? ©<*d-tdpana\ flap 
furnace 
C2, 102R18, pl77 

1825 >tr C 
atar ©ob. -y =$*Vx\\ 
fire 
STi 27.7; STii 6.27, 1.62; C2 gloss. 

1826 *trswcy C 
atar-soce ©gen. =»»tr swk 
fire, conflagration 
C2, 23V12 

1827 >tr swq C 
atar-sok 
fuel, torch 
STii 6.27; Benv. Notes 3, 223; "torch", S W, 



jU-l it jjf 



u-" 



KSjy^u^ 



BSOAS 1983, 46 

1828 »trwh(wYt-) S (o>j)J^~\ 
ataru 

{put <?/z)firc 

Anc. Lett. 2, 12; Hen. Date. 604.12 605 n5 

1829 >trync C ^-7 
atarenc ©f. adj. 

fiery, (d?/)fire 

BSTii 890.35; C2, 60V3 

1830 >tryny C ^-7 
atarene ©pi. -t 

fiery, (c/)fire 

BSTii 890, 61; C2, 60V 29 

1831 >tsy»kh B Uj 
(a)tsyak 

adultery 
TSP 2.116 

1832 »ts =* >l\ -s 

1833 >tsc =* 't 1 , -sc 

1834 >tsn => , t 1 , sn 

1835 »tsw =» } t\ sw 1 

1836 >tsy =* >t\ sy 1 

1837 >tt> S =* >t 3 

1838 >tw S ^1 
at(w) ©demons, pron. art. ace. sg. ^'LK, tw 
this 

Anc. Lett. 2.45; MDii B-18, 18 pl23 B-7R3 
pl66 ; Hh t ace. pi. ? A-18R 5-6 pl23 ; S W, TPS 
1994, 41-50 

^1839 >ty B, M, S 3 

a/oti Ctyfyy, >tyfn, Hysw, J tysn) ©<*«r/ ; Av. 

uiti; <*uta ©conj. =»rty, twty\ 'rt 1 , 'PZY, 't 1 , 

ZY 
and 
GMS 97; BBB ; S W, C2 p66 ; BSOAS 1985, 112-3; 

GMS 76 

1840 'tyfn ^ >ty, fn 

1841 'tyfyy =» >ty, -fy 

1842 'tyms =* ms, J ty, rtyms 

1843 'tysn =* 'ty, sn 

1844 'tysw =^ *ty, sw 1 

1845 >w B, S ljj7<oT«lj Ji 3 \ 
(a)wu/o ©<*avam ©pron. art. ace. & obi. 

=^wy(hy, J wyn, wysn, ZKw, } ww, w-, ww 
him, it, the, this 



73 



*wdyz- 



GMS 1399; EGSii 76, 116, 121; BBB 566; 
Tedcsco. ZII, 1926,95; SW,C2n pl84 ; S W, TPS 
1994 t 43-50 

1846 'w'ys => *w'ys 

1847 Vnh B =» *wz } k 

1848 Vnkw S(MD) => 'wn'kw 

1849 Sv-'wt'qcyq C j* 3 ^ 
aw-otakcik ©pi. -f 
fellow-countryman 

S W, C2, 87R 13 & n p!63 

1850 'w'zqty C (^ ^l^u^T 
awaz-kate 



synagogue 

Sund. AoFiii 1975, 67.54 



■'nw'z'k 



-LJfclj 



^ 



1851 >w } zy C 
awazc ©pi. -f; ob. pi. -ty 
crowd, assembly 

STi 32, 21, 6.11; STii 2.5, 8, 4.9; C2 gloss. Vzyry, 
ob. pi. C2, 31R19; GMS 658, 986 

1852 'wp's'k B j.A>«v*lj 
u(3asc, upasc ©< Skt. updsaka -^'wpVk 
monk 

TSP 7.127; GMS 305 

1853 >wpVnch B 
uf3asanc ©f. adj. ^ , wP > s > k, 'wp's'nch 
nun 
TSP 7.127 

1854 >wbd C => >wpt- 

1855 'wpr'wytk B o-^'^O^' 
aPruyde, oPruyde ? ^bryty, } nPrytk 

be numbed 
SCE 28 

1856 *>wps- S oo^OjU^ 
ufs, ofs ©Av. hufsa-; Yaghn. £fs- t Khot. hus ; 

*awa-hufsa- ©impf. w*fls ^'wfs-, w'ps- 
(fo)sleep 
GMS 539 ; Frag. 2a.l3 ; S W, BSOAS 1989, 258 

1857 > w pt- S, M 
o/upd Owbd) ®<*hufta- t *awa-hufta- ©pt. 

St.; intrans. pret. y wbd y r ^wft- 
Go)sleep 
GMS 397; TSP 13, 8 ; S W, IIJ 1976, 5.8; Sund. 

AoF 1981, p213 

1858 >wbty C ** 'wptyy 

1859 Nvptyy M 
o/upde (>wbty) ©pp. pi. -t =» } wfc 



sleeping 

GMS 961; C2, 51R28 

1860 >wpy S* >>y> 
uPT ©<ubaya =»wPyw 

both 

GMS 101A; Anc. Leu. 2.27 pl5n5 

1861 'wc' C b*T 
oca ?, otsa Owcy) ^wts'r, 'wrc ?, 'wrts^, >ws\ 

>w5(h) 
there 
GMS 71, 358; STii 3.70, 29; Frag. Len. 13V1 

1862 'we'q C k><£~<> 
ucak ? ©Av. vitara-, vicak <*vitrak <*vitardk 

=»wc*q, wt's'k 
morning, tomorrow 
Sund. AoFviii 1981, 204, 29V3 p205 n389 ; C2, 48 

V17 

1863 Svcn-d'r- C jj/ulkilo^/o^ 
ocn-5ar, ucan-5ar =»wcn- 

(fo)choosc 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 180V4, 181 n216 

1864 >wcny C ^ 
ucne 

old 

Sund. AoF 1981, 186.7, l87n 194 

1865 Vcwrcyk M (jlsj^ <u&J j) ^^b)^ Ja) <^jl 
u/ocurcik 

(of)Uch(Turfan) 

Hen. BSOAS 9.568; GMS 1016 

1866 Vcy S => »wc» 

1867 Nitfynt B => >wdyz- 

1868 Wyz- S, B Oj^<*- 
o5ez ?, o5ez ? =^wdyz- 

(fo)choke, (rc)strangle 
Mack. AI 25 p422, 7n p424 

1869 >w8(h) S \^1 
08 ©<avada\ Yaghn. war-, Parth. 'wfwjrf-, Khwar. 

wO =>>wr5, wSy, 'wc* 
there 
GMS 83 nl-, VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len. ; MDii 

1870 'wapV S is^di <^J*C>I 
o5par ^wrSp'r 

yonder 

GMS 1116; TSP 2.136, 16.20; BSTBL; MSP bl56, 
160; KG 2057 

1871 Svdyz- C j^^ 



Svfc 



74 



fljUg 



ijX^ly- 



o5cz OwSynt) ©<*ava-darzaya ?; Khwar. 

*uSaziy =^{35^?-, 'w^yz- 
Od?)strangle 
TSP 2.284; STSC 50, 152 Add. 

1872 >wfc C 
ufc, ofc ©f. pp. =»Svptyy 

sleeping 

C2, 48V9 

1873 *>wfs- C 
ufs, ofs ©Av. <hufsa- ©impf. w^fs =^* > wJ3s 

w'fs- 
(ro)sleep 
Benv. JA 1955, 305; C2 gloss. 60 R8 

1874 >wft- C 
uft, o[3d ©pt. st. ^wPt- 
0<?)slccp 

STi 12-6 apud. Sund. AoFiii 70, trans, prct. 
y wfd>r- 

1875 »wy w k B ojU^cuo 
oxak Owx-) ©a/**/iav +a£ ©ob. -yfc =» } wxt- 2 
pestle 

SCE 249 

1876 'wy'in 1 B ^li****^. 
uyam ? ©<*^/n ; Parth. ^bg^m ^wyW 
torture 

TSP 6.161 n p206 ; Szemerenyi. ZDMG 1951, 219 

1877 NvyW B j^O' £j^ «jI=»' jjj ^U- 
uyam, wiyam ©<*vi-£ama- =*Y w>m > wy*m 
foreign country 

Sogdica. 60.14; GMS 214 

1878 'wY'nz S 
oxan'z ©inf. =* } wyz-, 'wxnz 
going down, descend(//j^) 
MDii A-14, 29 

1879 »wY'r- B =» >wyr- 

1880 »wY J wrt- S 
oxurt Owywrt) ©pt. st. 
(ro)abandon 
Hen. BSOAS 11, 74n4 ; TSP 2.219 

1881 >wy > yz- S 
oxez Owyyz-) ©<*av£-;taizaya- ©impf. 

w^yz; trans, v. ^'wyz-, } wxz-, w^'yz-, 

w'yyz- 
Go)bring down 
GMS 543; VJ 38 e ; MDii; AVS 136, 80 

1882 'wy'z- B =* >wyz-, >wxz- 



J^jj^k °V 



o*j> ^j 



oijijaS 



1883 'wYr- 1 S jji^^ ( ^^X^ <o^o jy 
oyar ? 

gulping 

MHC 26 n 36; S W, gar- "to gulp" 

1884 NvYr- 2 B o>/\*j*q>/Sj 
oxar OwY*r-) ©impf. w7r =» J wxr- 
OcOleave, 0<?)abandon 

TSP 2.97, 7.82 n p212 ; SCE; BSTBL, Dhy. 42 ; 
>wVwr, TSP 2.465 

1885 SvYst- S &&&<&*» J 
oxast ©pt. st. =»*wyz-, >wxst- 

(ro)go down 
MDii; MDiii 

1886 'wYwr =» 'wyywr 

1887 >wYwrt =» \vfwrt- 

1888 >wyvz- S =» »wY l yz- 

1889 j wyz =* 'wyz-, J wxz- 

1890 >w Y z- B,S,C ^^W> 
oxaz Owy'z-) ©<*ava-haiz ©impf. w*Yz 

^ J wyst-, *wxz-, J wxst- 
0o)go down, 0<?)dcsccnd 
GMS 55, 342; Gcrsh. BSOAS 14.88; VJ ; TSP; SCE 

182; BSTBL*, Frag. Lcn. ; MDii; MDiii; STi 61.16 



1891 SvYz'mndty M 
oxazamandc -^wxz'mnty 
descending, fall 

GMS 55, 164, 1100 

1892 >wh M 

uh, 5h ©exclamation mark 

o\ oh 1 

BBB b55 ; GMS 10 

1893 -wj>k M UII.J 
uzak =*wjk-k 

letter of alphabet 
GMS 472, 991 

1894 >wjy5(S)- M 



bjA~ I Jj> 



c l«l 



i^j^y t5 



<;Uj i 



»o aj 



■-^j=iV 



^wzy5-, 



ozya5 0)<*ava-zgad ©impf. wVYS 

w'c'y-S- 
(fc)dismount 
Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.18; GMS 376, 263n 1 ; AVS 

78 

1895 HvJYnd- M ox^U 

ozyand ©inf. -yy 
(fo)dismount, dismounting 
BBB 508 ; GMS 342 n 1, 600 n 1 ; Sogdica. 32.28 n 
p35 



75 



'wp'y 



>v 



1896 Hvjyst- M &* T^i ^l jl < j-u-^U 
ozyast ©Av. uz-ga$ta\ Khot. vayusgasta- ©pt. 

st. =»>wjy5(S)- 

(^)dismount 

GMS 586, 848; BBB 508; Dresden. HMV 135 

1897 Vjystyy M .;U/^ 
ozyastc ©pp. 

settled 

BBB 536; GMS 848 

1898 Svjyyst- M oJ&Xto*J'*iL t 
ozyist ©<* } wjyySi *ava-zgadaya- ©caus. pt. 

st. ; >wjYyst-d*r, trans, prct. 
0o)scttlc, allow to settle 
GMS 879; BBB 508, 623; AVS 78 

1899 VJytqVy =* wyjtk'ry(yh) 

1900 'wqrsn'wt C ^Lj jj jljUa < J5Ci^ 
aw-karsnaut =**wkrsnyy, krsn>w 

having similarity in beauty 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 204 V4 n382 p205 n390 



1901 'wm B OU iy iu' c^">u 
om ©<Skt. orh 

exclamation mark 

TSP 14.6; BSTBL, Padm. 35 & etc. 

1902 NvnVn C ? ^l JfA 
aw-man, Oman ^'wm'n'k 

having the same mind 
BSTi 222; Bcnv. JA 1943-5, 96; Gcrsh. JRAS 
1946, 183 

1903 >wm , ncn C ol£> jy nS£jLj> 
umancan, womancan <£)*wimdna- 

doubtful 

BSTii 886.17; S W, C2, 51V17, 21 & n p98.17 

1904 Hvmr'z'nc ? C jjUc^J^ 
aw-mrazanc ©f. adj.; pi. ^mr'^nst ^'wmr'z 
helper 

BSTii 905.11; C2, 57V 11; STSC 103, 112 

1905 'wn'fc C 
aw-nafc 

fellow-countryman 
C2, 7R21 n p53 

1906 >wn ) kw B, S 



J°3{* 



(<j>>. 



> jj) jUj& i(j ( 



onaku, onu Ow'nkw) ©demons, pron. ace. 

^'wn'w, >wny 
that, it 
GMS 960.1, 1431; >w/iJtw, MDii; >wn% TSP 7.111; 

S W, TPS 1994, 48 
1907 Ww ^tJ+Attf 



onu Ownw) ©*ava-naku ^'wn'kw, w-, xwny 

that, the 

BSTBL; STii 7.1, 9.12; C2 gloss.; MSP p42; GMS 

960n 1, 1423, 1431; Benv. Et. 309, >wnwn>x " 

that is" 

1908 Vnglywn M, C J^l 
ewangelyon ©ob. -y 

Gospel, Evangelion 

GMS 1648, 1221; BBB; C2, 55R23, 28 

1909 'wntn M jjaTo^T 
ont/dan, awantan 

thus, of such 

Sogdica. 21.4; GMS 210n3, 1609 

1910 Nvnw =* 'wn'w 

1911 'wnwn'x C ^u 
onunax ? ^n J x 

that is 

C2, 40R 21, 61R 20 p85 ; Bcnv. Eti 324 

1912 Svny S o^T 
one ^'wn'kw, >WZY 

thus, than 

Sund. MSP p42 ; Anc. Lett. 2.57 

1913 >wp M y B =» 'wp'y 

1914 »wp'rs B Jij~"J~ J i l 
upars, upors ©<*vi-prsa- -^wprs, wPr*s, wp'rs 
question 

TSP 5.12; GMS 138,214 

1915 >wp's , k B 3J»j<^j 
upase OwpVy) ©<Skt. upasaka ^wpvk, 

wpVk 

monk, layman 

TSP 5.4; BSTBL, Padm. 67; GMS 103, 305 

1916 NvpVnch B -uaIj 

upasanc ^wP's'nch 

nun 

TSP 5.4; GMS 1044 

1917 Svp's'y =* 'wp's'k 

1918 >wp 5 st- B => >wpst- 

1919 >wp } t- B =* >wpt- 

1920 >wp>y B, S .jUl 
opay 

permission 

VJ 891; TSP 2.671, 747, 7.185, 8.201; Hen. Texts. 
722; Sogdica. 18.21; Frag. Len. 85.9; >wp»y, TSP 
2.828, } wp } ywn- "to give permission" 



VpS'y 



76 



1921 >wp5>y B ^V^f Jj^ 
upaSe 0wp5y(h)) ^wp6>y 

lotus 

TSP 2.93, 8.73 etc.; BSTBL, Vim. 24, 150 

1922 >wpSy(h) ** »wp6'y 

1923 >wprs C j^^ 

upors, uprs (wprs) ©<*vi-prsa ^'wp'rs 

question 

C2 60R17, 6R12, 7R17 n p65.98 

1924 \vpst- M ^iaf 
opast (>wp } st-) <D<Av. ava-pastois ©pt. st. 

=^wpt- 

0o)faII 

CMS 473a, 868; VJ 805 

1925 >wpt- (u>> >^ jj)o>UsI 
opat Owp't-) ©impf. w } /7 W / ^'wpst- 

GoKall 

SCE 252; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL, Padm. 57 ; Frag. Len. ; 
KG ; MSP; GMS 618: C2 gloss.; AVS 1 10 

1926 Svptpyw B o^> .p*^ 
aw-patf3yu, opatfyu 

equally honoured 
TSP 2.1137; GMS 351 

1927 >wpty'p C jC,^, 
awpatyap, 6-patyap 

sharing 

BSTii 907.24; STSC 11; C2 gloss, n p85 



tss~~>r* 



J>*3 



:J*\j\ 



1928 >wpty J py>(mrty) C ^^^oT 

opatyapya ©f. n. 

sharing, intercourse 

BSTii 874.4; C2, 87R4 n pl63 

1929 'wr'm B, S, C 
Oram ©m. ob. -y =^ } wrm 
peace, quietude 
TSP 11.20; C2 gloss, n p72 ; Frag. Len. 97cl ; 

y wr y my, C2, 31R28 

1930 'wr'ms- B =* 'wrms- 

1931 Wmty B, S 
oramte ©pp. ^'wrmc, 'wrmty 
quiet, peaceful 

TSP 17.24; MSP b22, 82 

1932 W9y C >^>„l^ 
6ra0c, aw-ra8e =»*wr } 5k 
fellow-traveller 

C2 n p52 & 4R5, 40R14, 51R5 



aj_^~* I t*\ j I 



J»Ja< 



btit 



-1^3 tljjU i^3^o<J f 



aJ_^- I if I j I 



cil jXj" i^ljl 



(jj ajoJ »— I itjjii'frjl 



1933 Hvrc ? C 
ore ? ^'wrts'r, 'wc*, 'ws* 
towards 
STii 1.57 

1934 >wr6 M, S 
orS ©<*ava&ra ^'wrts'r, wrS 2 
there 
GMS 83n 1, 440, 1516; KG ; BBB 

1935 'wrSpV M 
orGpar =^w8p*r 
beyond 
GMS 1116; MSP b 13, 54 

1936 >wrm M 

Oram ^'wr'm 

quiet 

GMS 213 n 2,957 

1937 Vrmc C 
dramc ©f. pp. ^'wr'mty 
quiet 
C2, 22V9: BSTii 857.9 

1938 \vrms- B, S, C 
orams Ow^ms-) ©impf. w*rms 
(fo)bc quiet, (/o)bccomc still 

BSTBL, Padm. 37 ; TSP 16.40; GMS 213, 957, 618; 
Sogdica. 60.17; C2, 12V28; AVS 74 

1939 >wrmt- (j< 
oramt ©pt. st. =* } wrmty 
(to )be quiet, (rcObccome still 
AVS 101 

1940 'wrmtky 1 M 
oramtakya ©f. n. 
peace 
GMS 828 

1941 Nvrmty C 
oramte ©pp. ^'w^mty, 'wrmc 
calm, still 
C2 gloss.; MSP b 22, 82 

1942 'wrnWk S 
original ? 
MDii p62.7 

1943 Nvrnyk'm S 

(wrny^m) 

officer 

MDii p57.23, 62.23 

1944 >wrsdV- C o>/^<o>Jf~ 
owars-dar ? ©*owart <*ava-varta- ©trans. 



' j->)0-^f'j' 



u^'jl 



fill 



J^\ 



_^*Ji i j^*U 



77 



NvstV- 



pret. ^'waky* 
(ro)bend 
STi 518; GMS 37; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p201 n36l 

1945 Nvrslm C jjL^f 
urslim, urslcm Owryslm) 

Jerusalem, Yerushalayim 
STii 1.16; C2, 56V6; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 201.19, 
p213 

1946 Hvrtky* M olla^U^f ^^- *^ 
awartakya 

resignation 

Hen. apud. GMS 37 

1947 *wrt nwrtyy M * c^-^jwij 
awart-niwarte ^'wrt nwrtyy 

go to and fro 

GMS 410n 1, 1638, 902; MSP 49 

1948 SvrtsV B, S (j^> ^j^ jJ )o>oT t b > ;T 
ort-sar =» ) wr8, } wts>r, 'wc 1 , J ws\ >wrc ? 

there 

GMS 301,461; VJ 

1949 Nvryslm C => 'wrslm 

1950 Vryz- M (u-kjij)o-^r 'J^-J 
orez ©<*raiz\ Skt. rejati\ Oss. rezum 
(to)drop 

GMS 900 ; Hen. BSOAS 12.309.32; Bailey. 

Prolexis. 3a, AVS 135 

1951 >wryzyh M jjJ^ 
5reze ? 

dropping 

Sogdica. 31.34 

1952 >ws> M, C,S Jj>jT^T 
osa ^'wc', ws\ >wrc ?, 'wrts'r 

there 

GMS 461, 1516; STi 52.4; CII 1990 G6 

1953 Wytyzn B J^V^w, 
osoyd(e)-pazan Ows'wyt p*zn, 'wsytp'zn) 
pure-minded, good hearted 

TSP ; SCE; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 138; 'ws'Yty 
p'zn, BSTBL, Dhu. 27 

1954 >ws>ytk B, S SI 
osayde Ows'yty) =>>wsyty 

clean, pure 

TSP 7.70; BSTBL; MSP b 22, 84; GMS 119; Frag. 
Len. 51.4, 93.32; WXr, TSP 7.155 

1955 Wyty =» 'ws'ytk, Nvsyty 



1956 'wsNvc- S ot/S^ 
osoc ©impf. wVwc ^wshvyt- 

GcOclean, (ro)purify 
KG 385 

1957 'ws'wys- B, M =» } wswys- 

1958 >ws > wyt- S jji^I oj£*J>1* 
osuyd Owswxt-) ©pt. St.; perf. st. Ww/rw^V 

-^ws^vc-, ^swys- 
0o)be cleared, (r<?)purified 

KG 437 

1959 HvsNvyt'k B =» 'wswytk, >wswyty(y) 

1960 'ws'wyt p'zn =* ^swy^p'zn 

1961 »ws»wxs- S, M jj&SI 
osuxs Owswxs-) ^wswys- 

(to)bc cleaned 

GMS 56; KG 413-4-, AVS 87 

1962 >wsc C Mjiif <*^ 
osc ? ©f. pp. ^'wst'y- 

placed, laid down 
C2, 11V26 

1963 Vsytp'zn ~> 'ws'yt'p'zn 

1964 >wsyty B *J% 
osayde Ows'yty) -^'ws'ytk 

pure 

BSTBL, Dhu. 28 

1965 *wskp J r S Lrr ^ij^ i 
usk-par 

later 

Bugut. Insc. B1.2 

1966 'wst- {oy* ^-^ jj) jibji^s i^fJ^T <o^ 
ost ©impf. w*st ^wst't-, 'wst'y- 

GcOput, 0o)settle 
GMS 553-4 

1967 >wst ) k B 
oste, ostak =» } wstyty 
erect 
SCE 342 

1968 'wstfn B 
ostan Owstn) 
base, foundation 
TSP 2, 765, 882, 921 

1969 'wst'r- C j^tjf o^ 
6st(5)ar OwstS'r-, ^styS/d'r-) ®< m wsi-6 y r 

©trans, pret. st. 
(to)put 
GMS 555, 559 ; TSP 7.30; V^dV-, C2 



,\j\ 



j. 



jl^iu— I b*>« oL^j i4j_L_ 



'wst't 



78 



1970 Nvst't- B, S j^ljftj^ 
ostai ( } wstt(y)) ©*ava-stata- ©trans, pert. 

Vy'/H'JV-; pt. St. =»>wst-, 'wst'y-, } wstyty, 

w } sty- 
0o)erect, (to)pull, (resettle 
Hen. Magi. 138.24; BSTBL, Vim. 46; WVy, VJ 

44; GMS 122, 554; STii 

1971 Svst'y- (Oj^ _s z --*-,> jj)JJfc~J ij^ijf tj>{# 
ostay Owsty-) ©*ava-stdya-\ OP avastdya-; 

Parth. hvyst ©impf. w y sty =* J wst-, w J sty- 
(/o)fix, GcOput, (resettle 
GMS 124, 252, 552; VJ ; TSP ; BSTBL; SCE ; BBB; 

Frag. Len,, KG; MSP ; MDii; C2 gloss- AVS 93 

1972 Svst'yt S, B * ^ 
ostct ? ©pp.; trans. pret. >wsty(t)6 y r- 

put, placed 

TSP 3, 168 n pl96 ; BSTBL, Vim. 23; Frag. Lcn ; 

GMS 556, 877 n 1 ; C2 gloss.; Sund. AoF 1981, 

194.6 n260 

1973 > wst5 ) r- B => >wst>r- 

1974 Nvstn => > wst > n 

1975 Svstnyy M =» ^styny 

1976 J \vstt(y) B =» >wst>yt, 'wst't- 

1977 J wsty- =» 'wst'y- 

1978 'wsty8/d'r- B, C =» 'wst'r-, >wst } yt 

1979 J wstyny C jlif jU «l^ oU. 
ost(e)ne Owstnyy) ©pres. part, 
foundation, setting, founder 

GMS 553; C2, 55R23; Sund. Man. Lett. 305.11, ^ 
313 

1980 >wstyty C j^ t ^ 
ostete ? ©pi. -/; pp. ^'wst'yt, Nvst't-, Nvst'k 
placed, laid down, lying 

STi 47.14; C2, 56V24, 22R5; 'wstty, C2 gloss.; 
'wst'ck, C1I 1990 G9 p70 "establishment" 

1981 Vswc =» ^swyc 

1982 'wswyc M, S jU^t 
osuxc Ows'wys-, ^swe) ©f. pp. ^wswxtc 
clean, pure 

Sogdica. 47-, W-Lii-, GMS 1273 

1983 Nvswys- B ooi^TL 
osuxs Ows'wys-) ©*ava-sauk ^'ws^xs-, 

'ws^vyt- 
(ro)be cleaned 
BBB 540; TSP 2.77; GMS 56; KG 413-4 

1984 Nvswyt'k S =» 'wswytk, VswytyCy) 



1985 Vswytyzn B tf « ? ..^ <U^UJjTl 
osuyde-pazan (Nvswytyp^n, 'ws'wyt p*zn, 

'wswytkp'zn, 'wswytp'zn) 
pure-minded, good hearted 
VJ ; TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 305 ; GMS 200 n 1; Gersh. 

Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 138 

1986 Nvswytk B ajLU-O^^l 
osuyde OwsHvyt'k, 'wswytMc) ©pp. 

pure, cleaned 

VJ 51 d ; TSP 2.22, 384, 9.62, 6.45; BSTBL, Dhy. 
271, 342, 355; STii 10, >wswYt\ TSP 5.90 

1987 Hvswytkp'zn => 'wswytyzn 

1988 HvswytmWky* M U^^aTu 
osuyd-manakya 

purity of mind 

GMS 985 n 1; BBB 732 

1989 'wswytp'zn ==* ^vswy^p'zn 

1990 Svswytyp'zn =* 'wswyt'pV.n 

1991 HvswytyCy) B, M JUjt 
osuyde Ows'wyt'k, 'wswyt'k) ^wswyt'p'zn, 

'wswytk 
pure 
TSP 5.10, 98; GMS 56; BBB; MSP c4 ; TSP 25.1 

1992 'wswxs- ** 'ws'wxs- 

1993 Hvswxt- =» 'ws'wyt- 

1994 >wswxtc M ^L 
osuxc ©f. adj. =Vwswyc 

pure 
GMS 1273 

1995 >wsynd- M j^J tJ ^, <j^> 
osend ? ©Ssid- 

0o)break 

GMS 601; Sund. Man. Lett. 310.13, 315 

1996 Nvs- B jx~i^*x~* 
us ©Av. usah 

dawn 

Dhy. 113; GMS 98, 1254 

1997 >ws }) y kyr'n B (u'^^-u--)j - r^'J>'jj^ 
use-k(i)ran =^xwrsn qyr'n, kyrm 

speast (dawn-side) 
BSTBL, Dhy. 113 

1998 >wsc C ? ^j ^ cjjj c^J^ 

use, osc ? ©<*d-wistii awa-scasti 

failure, wavering ? 

BSTii 892.10: C2, 31R10 n p73, 149 



79 



>wt*q 



1999 'wsq'r C Ji^> 
woskar, uskar ? ^wys'kk 

independent 

STii 3.36; Benv. Notesiii 223 ; Mack. BSOAS 

1970, 116; S W, BSOAS 1981, 236; } wsq>r 

cmqy\ STii p577 

2000 Svsqyrd C =» wysqyrd- 

2001 >wsnty C (^if)w/ 
usande ©<*vrs+andaka =»ws>y-, ws'nt'y 
hungry 

STi 24.6, 27.8 & etc.; GMS 10, 1068 

2002 'wst- 1 ^->)(uJLi <u->_y 'j^ J»* ^f)^h^€ to&~>\ 

ost ©<ohista <*ava-hista; Yaghn. ash Khot. 

vast-, Parth. >wyst- ©impf. w*st ^wsVy-, 

w } st- 
Go)stand, (/6>)step 
BBB; GMS 400, 557, 558 ; used as pt. st. STi 

14.22, 59.17; C2 gloss.; BSTBL "to become"; 

AVS93 

2003 >wst- J C u-^^ 
awast ©<a~wasta ©pt. St. =» } wz-, } wsty, 

'nw'st- 
0o)asscmble 
GMS 870; C2 gloss.; Sund. AoF 1981 p213, 13R9 

2004 Hvst'mntyy M 
ostamande ^'wsty'mnty 
being, standing 
GMS 557, 1110 

2005 'wst'p C 
ustap 
stirring 
STSC 118 n pl21 

2006 >wst>t- B, S 
ostat ©pt. st. ^'wstyty 
0o)stand 

KG 463 

2007 »wst'y- (o>> >^w jj>)j^h^f O^M lj j> 
ostay Owstyt, 'wsty-, } wsty(y)) ©impf. w } sty(y) 

^'wst- 1 
0o)stand 
GMS 558,752,618 

2008 >wstro>x C 
ustmax ©<vahistdm-aham ^wstm'yw 
paradise 
GMS 210; STii 2.24 

2009 Vstty =* 'wstyty 



j\Ja^>\ <syrj 



(? v^)^^Jjl^ 



^b^lT ( jjL: 



-A_«^>- 



oi u 



-J<jL 



c*H-*' 



jss 



■jjj 



2010 'wsty C 
awaste ©pp. pi. -/ ^'wst- 7 
collected 
Sund. AoFi 244; STi 53.3; S W, C2, 17V5; inf. 

Vft, C2, 31V21 

2011 >wsty- =» >wst»y- 

2012 >wsty > mnty C 

ostay-amande -^wst'mntyy 

standing 

GMS 558; C2, 61V19 

2013 Nvstyt =* 'wst'y- 

2014 'wstyty C 
ostetc, ostite Owstty) ©pp. pi. -t 
standing 
STi 14.22; BSTi 240 ; BSTii; C2 gloss. 

2015 >wsty(y) M =* 'wst'y- 

2016 >wswx C 
usux ? ®>ws ? +*axu ©adj. 
modest 
C2, 66R18; Schwartz. HMV 391; BSTii 873.18 

2017 »wswxy C c^Ijw < Ja$Vc-I 
usuxi ? ©ob. =4'wswx 

holiness 

Sund. AoF 1981, 186.11 pi87 nl97 

2018 >wt C ju-jijuil 
awat ©t^var-; Parth. hmwd ©m.n. ; ob. -y 

=^»wt 
hope, faith 
C2 gloss.; Benv. Eti 323 "faith"; Sund. AoF 1981, 

180.7, 199.14, 202n 369; Prolexis. 430 

2019 } wt- C o>jiJj^ <j^'->-M 
awat 

0o)hope for 

C2, 48V26 n p96, 147; BSTii 884.23 

2020 Nvt w k B (j^ > ^ JJ )(jt/)^U<U r <j^ 
otak Owt'k) ©ob. -y ; pi. -t ^wt'q, 'wt'kcWk 
place, region 

VJ ; BSTBL; TSP; Frag. Len. 49.3, 5; BBB; GMS 
10, 991, 1225; KG; Tales. 481.58; MDii ; W£y, 
Padm. 53 ; KG 398, WJfcyA;TSP 2.183 etc.; 
W£w, MSP B47, 49; Wfch, TSP; KG; Frag. 
Len. 

2021 , wt ,, kcyk =* , wt > kcyk 

2022 >wt , k B, M, S -» >wt»k 

2023 >wVq C (jfr/)<^U<U-«J**i 
otak ©ob. -y ; pi. -/ ^'wt'k 



*W£P^^-? 



Nvt'kc'n'k 



80 



place, region 

STii 3.29, 30, 42, 5.33; C2 gloss,-, Sund. AoF 1981 
p213, 19, aR3 ; y wt y kq y BBB 

2024 'wt'kc'n'k B j^TjiiJ^ jl.JL, 
otak-cane =#>wt*k 

local 

TSP 3.210 

2025 >wt>kcyk B, S ^j*<J~ 
otakcik Cwt'kcyk, 'wt'qcyq) ©pi. -t 

native, local, regional 

CMS 1014-, TSP 22.4-, VJ 57-, Frag. Len. 52.3; C2, 
60R3, 4, 9 ; C2, 87R13 

2026 'wt'qcyq C ** 'wt'kcyk 

2027 »wt'kh *> 'wt»k : 

2028 Svts- C jjuif »7 ioijT*ii; 
6t(o)s ? ©impf. w y ts 

(ro)moan, (to)sigh 

BSTii 889.16: C2, 60R16 n pl31 ; Benv. Et. 1, 310 

2029 SvtsV M, S ^>jT,U;7 
otsar ^'ws*, 'wc', 'wrts'r 

there, further 

CMS 461; MDii; MSP bl50-l 

2030 'ww M L>jT<r,ji<y 
awu ©<avam ©pron. art. ace. sg. m, «» > w, ww, 

ZKw, w- 
him, it, the 
BBB 566 ; GMS 85, 1399 

2031 »wx- =* 'wy'k 

2032 Nvxd'wny* C j& 
ux-5awnya ? ^'xwd'wny* 

zeal, diligence 

BSTii 897; C2, 31R7n p96, 27 

2033 >wxn- C o^c^J^J 
oxan ©pret. y w y xn y z 

(f<?)lamcnt, (ro)cry 

C2, 87V 10: BSTii 879.10 



OJ^' 



&M. 



2034 >wxnz M 
oxanz ^'wxz-, 'wxst-, ^ytoz 
descent 

GMS 914; BBB 490 

2035 Nvxr- C teJ^jt&J'Sj 
oxar ©impf. w y xr =» } wyr- 

(ro)leave, (to)abandon 

STii 5.16; STSC 45; S W, C2 gloss, n p72 

2036 Nvxr'mnty C ^ ,S j 
oxramande 



abandonment, renunciation 
BSTii 892.4; C2, 31 R4np72 

2037 Nvxr'ty C ^J^t^ufj 
oxarate ©pi. -/ ^'wxr- 

abandoned 

C2, 111V6, »wjcrY/WV-, C2, 105V2, trans, pret. 

2038 »wxsd»r- C ^^i 
oxas-5ar ©<*\vxst-5 y r ©trans, pret. ^\vxsty 
0<?)break 

STi 52.11, 81.8; Hen. BBB 59.11; AVS 95 

2039 >wxsty C ^Jj. 
oxastc, axwaste ®<*ham-/*ava- xwasta-; 

fhvah ©pp. pres. st. * y wx } y- ^'xw'y-, 

'wxwsty, toyw'st- 
broken 
STi 81.10; Sund. AoF 1981, 186.2; BBB 505, 11, 

p59 ; GMS 417; Bailey. Prolexis. 60; S W, 

BSOAS 1983 p42; Sund. MSP p42 

2040 Svxst- M, C j*J,j*h 
oxast ©pt. st. =» } wyz-, 'wxz-, 'wysl-, >wxnz 
(to)go down, descend 

STi 33.20; GMS 870; KG 424 

2041 >wxt-' C o>/Sj 
oxat ©<*Vxr7 

OcOabandon 

STii 5.17; Benv. JA 1951, 117-8, y wxtq>m-, Gcrsh. 
BSOAS 17.480 

2042 \vxt- : C o*jOW 
oxat, uxt ? ©<* y wx\ <d-hu ^wyMc 

(ro)pound, (fo)beat 

STii 5.16; Mack. BSOAS 33.118 

2043 Vxwnc C >&*-«> j J*? <*jf>-j> 
oxunc ©<*awa-hwanja- =* J xwnc, >nywnc, 

, nxwnc(h) 
struggle, fight 
STii 5.15-, GMS 1004, 1635; Gersh. BSOAS 

17.480; Mack. BSOAS 33, 117 

2044 'wxwsty S oJlL.a£a «j£ tfJ i t^j^^T 
o/uxwaste ©<*xway~, xwast—, *ava-xwasta- 

©pp. 4'xw'y- 
mutilated 
Sund. MSP p42,b!67 

2045 >wx(y) M J><jy£*J« 
ux(e) ®<*axu; Av. a(r\)hu =>cn } wxy, s'twx 
heart, mind 



mm 



81 



Svzns- 



BBB 730, Frag. Len. 77 V7; GMS 11, 236 

2046 'wxz- M, C j=»j j=i<i 
oxaz ©*ava-haiz- ©impf. vSxz ^*wY*yz-, 

>wxst-, 'wyz-, >wxnz, w'yz- 

(to)go down, descend 

BBB ; GMS 55, 342; Gersh. BSOAS 14, 488; BSTii 
880.14; C2, 51V3, 77R14; AVS 132 

2047 'wxz'mnty C Jj^^jJ 
oxazamande ^wyz'mndty 

descent 

BSTii 897.86, C2, 55R26 

2048 Vyywr S j^jl 
uyyur Owywr) - t 

Uighur 

Karab. Insc. 15.1 etc. 

2049 >wy(h)' B, M, S jl^l 
awc/i (wy'y) ©OP avahyd ©demons, pron. 

art. ob, m. f. ; m. loc. ; f. loc. & gen. ~»wy(y), 
wy\ ZKwy(h), 'w 

his, her, its, in the 

Tedesco. ZII 1926, 160; Hen. BBB p 70; GMS 
1439ffj Gharib. MJM p394-5 ; S W, RL p205 

2050 \vy(h) 3 B, M, S bW *tf(<f) 
awe ©OP avaiy ©demons, pron. art. pi. nom. 

ace. ob. =>ZKY, ZKwy(h) 
they, them, the 
GMS 1440, 1442; Gharib. MJM 394, 396; Hen. 

Mittelir. 33 

2051 »wyjtq > ry(yh) M jU^^f o^V'> <J$* 
owizt-kare ? ©<Av. ivizayaOa+q^ry <*karaka 
evildoer 

GMS 219, 1125; GMS 161, *>wyjt ''harm"; Hen. 
Cosm. 307.23 

2052 Nvyn B (0>>>^- >>)uT<jl 
awi/en ®*awana ; avaina\ OP avana ©demons. 

pron. art. gen. sg. m. <abl. inst. ~na 

=»wyny(y), ZKwy(h), ZKn 
his, its, the 
Tedesco. ZII 1926, 160; GMS 1445; Gharib. MJM 

p395 



2053 Svysn'yA- C 
awesanay =^nwysn- 
0o)cleanse 

C2, 31V13 n p76 

2054 >wyz- 1 C 
awcz- ©*waig- 



ji^ ' <£ ' ji iji^tSl 



O-^v^*^ J J>=~0^' 



0o)become agitated 
C2,68V21 npl49 

2055 »wyz- 3 C 



o>. 



/< 



<SJ3 ] £**r 



(jAi«_-j>- 



awez, arhwez ©*ham-!a -wazaya- ©impf. 

mwyz =**nwyj- 
(/cObring together, (/cOcollect 
C2, 87R10, 51V24, trans, pret. 'wyzd'r, Vyz/V, 

C2, 94V28 ; BSTii 827.58; STii 1.24; AVS 136 

2056 >wz- C 
awaz, arhwaz ^wst- 3 , } nwz- 
(/o)be assembled 

STi 22.19; >wzntq\ Sund. AoFiii 73; AoFviii 1971 
p213 

2057 'wz'm- M, C oiJ'fjfL** t^a J^tai <u^jl^r>- 
ozam ©impf. wVm -* , wz ) ms-, >wzty, w^'m- 
0<?)repay, (fo)requitc, (r^)condemn 

GMS 584; STi 17.4; Schwartz. AI 5, 1975, 199; 
C2, 56R4, 61V28; SW,C2n pl22 ; AVS 101 

2058 'wz'ms- C jjboljt « o^£s*a 
ozams Owzms-) ©impf. w } zms *Vwz>m- 
(/c)bc condemned, (to)bc repaid 

BSTii 905.24; C2, 57V24 

2059 Wn B JaoUiT 
ozan ©Parth. >wjn\ MP >wzn\ OP ava-jan- 

©ob. -v 
murder 
TSP 2.134, 286, 1109, 1200; Hen. Talcs. 476.15 

2060 Svzb- C ^ijtu^jic-^j 
uzb (wzpO ©<*zubd\ Av. duz-azoba- uzbd ©f. 

n. ace. -' ^wjp-, wzp- 
terror 
GMS 377, 510, 43n ; STii 3.66, 69; S W, CLI 1989, 

181 *ubjya 

2061 SvzY'm B ? ujuk* 
^'zy'm, wzy'm 

absolutely ? 
TSP 16.37 

2062 'wzy'm B 
uzyam ©<uzYdmu <*uz-gdmam ^wzfm 
certainly 
TSP 16.37 n pl93.42 



2063 } wzy$- B 



JJU I >jil * r -^l jf iO-^*^ 



ozya5 ©*ava-zgad ©impf. vfzYd, wdzYad 

^wjycXS)- 
(/o)dismount 
VJ 146, 1426 

2064 Vzms- =$ 'wz'ms- 




'wztlc 

2065 Nvzt'k =» >wzty 

2066 >wzty M f ^» 
ozate Owzt'k) -^'wz'm- 

condemned 

GMS 584, 838; Hen. BSOAS 11, 1945; Tales. 485 
n5 ; 'wzmtyh "condemned" ? GMS 584 

2067 >WZY B, S (yt)l 
katar ©Idg. =^wny 

either, or 

STii 7.14, 9; BSTBL, Dhu. 32, 206, 212; Dhy. 141; 
Anc. Lett. 2.18, 3.24 

2068 »wzy»n B J=5 UiT 

ozyan ©<*ava-zayana-, fzan-\ MP } wzy y n; 
Parth. V/yn -^wz'n 

slaughter, murder 

TSP 2.218 etc.; SCE 223, 248, 257 ; Hen. Magi. 
135 n8 

2069 'WZY-(n) S (j>)i 
katar ©Idg. 

or 

Anc. Lett. 2.18; Hen. Date. 604; STii 7.14, 9 

2070 »x»s M, C J^ ij£~t? » jjU 
axas =>*x ) s, y t\y% >xs 

struggle, conflict, battle 

STii 1.85; BBB p88 ; GMS 5, 659; >x.y, C2, 31R2, 4 ; 

ob. »xjy, 31R6; pi. >xst, C2, 31R5, 8; ob. pi. 

>xsty, C2, 31R14, 16, 22 

2071 >xd ) wny C j&ji,^ 
axudawane 

zealous, striving 
C2, 48V27 

2072 >xh S <jT<jl 
xa ©pron. art. f. sg. & m. f. pi. =»ZKh, x\ yh, Y J 
that, the, she 

Anc. Lett. 2.13; KG 604; MSP bll3, 120, pi. bl02 

2073 >XRny -> >XRZY(n) 

2074 'xrwzn M ^j^JCul^ 
a(n)xar-wazan =» J nyrwzn 

zodiacal circle 

GMS 341 ; BBB f37 ; Hen. JRAS 1942, 236 n 1 ; 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 146.7, a(n)xar "star" 

+wazan, "movement* 

2075 *xrysq C •jl^< 8 ju jj 
axarisk ? ©pres. pt. =>xr-\ } xyrsq 

going, walking 

BSTi 175; Gersh. JRAS 1946,182 



82 



2076 'XRZY(n) B, S (^O^rr* "^ T <irt 

OXRny, >HRZY) ©Idg. =»TRZY 
then 
BSTBL; Anc. Lett.; S W, CI, 1991, 179-185 

2077 J xs C j^Ljif i6 jjL* ijl5L iS^- 1 Jo^ 
axas ©ob. -y ; pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty ^x's 

fight, conflict 

C2 31R2, 4, 5,6, 8, 14, 16,22 



* jjly* *u Li- 1 i^jJcJ-JtJc*- 



^jJU-^^ji*- (CoLij 



rilj^So- <C».Ja.U* 



2078 'xsyrby C 
axas-yarpe ©pi. -/ 
knowing conflicts 
C2, 31R12 

2079 »xswndty , h M 
oxsundtya ^xswnty* 
happiness, contentment 

GMS 425 

2080 »xsVn M, S 
oxsawan ©ob. -y/i ^'ysWn, xs>wn 
ruling, realm 

GMS 1084; BBB b69 ; Hen. Giants. 74.18; KG 536; 
>xPwncyk "royal" CII 1990, E3 

2081 , xs > wn5 > r M jty* jj^^Ja^jjUJiJial^i^ 

oxsawanSar/xsonSar ^ys'wnS'r, xs'wnd^ 

ruler, king 

BBB b69 ; GMS 1135; Hen. ZDMG 90, 17 n 2 

axsondan pi. -r, Hen. Cosm. 312.120; pi, ob. 

-tyK Hen. Tales. 470.47 

2082 'xs'wnmync M ( ^ioL.<^li 
oxsawanmenc =>'xsywnymync 

royal 
GMS 1103 

2083 'xs'y- M Q^J'^bJ^J <o^oJa.U 
(o)xsay (xs*y-) ^'ys'y- 

Go)rule 

GMS 1086; C2 n p51; Sund. Man. Lett. 310.16 

2084 'xs'ypt-, S ^ 
oxsipd OxsyPt-) ©Av. xsvipta ^ysyPt, xsypt 
milk 

KG 504, -y, 505; MSP a5 

2085 'xs'ywn S \^ L oy^ 
axsewan ^ysy'wn 

lament 
MSP bl69 

2086 'xsn'qc => 'fsn'qc 

2087 'xsn'm M y^tjJj^x* 



83 



'xty'k 



oxsnam ®*xsnduman =» } Ysn } m, xsn'm 

forgiveness 

GMS 130, 157; BBB f 11; Sogdica. 33.12b 

2088 'xsn'w- M o^y^- 
oxsnaw (DAv. xsnavaya- =^xswndyy 
Go)satisfy 

GMS 157,414a, 571; AVS 96 

2089 >xsnk- M Xii <.j£iL «L> j 
ox(a)sang (xsnk) ©pi. -0 =» } Ysnk- 
beautiful, splendid 

GMS 157, 511, 981, 1204; f.adj. >xsnk\ KG; MSP 

2090 'xsnkNv'k S J^ojfc 
oxsankawe Oxsnq'wyh) -^ysnkWk 
magnificence, splendour 

KG 421; Sogdica. 17.23; GMS 1082 

2091 'xsnq'wyh M ** , xsnk ) w , k 

2092 >xsnyrk (,) M c-ou«Ai; 
oxsnirk -^ysnyrk^, xsnyrq 

sign, mark 

BBB 758; GMS 976; Sund. KG pl80, 529, 621, 
-*\ 616, 622, -jfcw, 526 

2093 >xsp- M ^i 
oxsap ©f. n. nom. ->(h)\ loc. -y y (h) =»xsp ()) , 

>ysp- 
night 
BBB; GMS 157, 514, 1170, 1183; Hen. JRAS 1945, 

149.5; KG 555, 461; W-L 

2094 >xspyk M ^Li^Ui 
oxsapik 

(o/)night 
GMS 1241,994 

2095 >xst- C jJl^jtoJtxL 
axast ©Parth. axast ©pt. st. =»*yst- 2 , } xz-, 

^y^t- 
(fo)rise 

GMS 55, 658; STi 53.2 apud. Sund. AoFi 244, viii 
1971 p213 ; STii 4.12, 19; C2, 57R10 
2096»xst(-) S •Ju^.uJui 

ax/yust ©*gusta ©f. pp. -fc 3sg. subj. -H 
(fo)hear, heard 

Anc. Lett. 2.4, 52; S W, CI, 1991, 184 
2097'xswmyc M (fJ ^ . v ^)ju ^ ,U 

axsumec =» } Yswmyc(y), xswmyc 
twelfth month of the year 
Hen. Orientaiia. 8.94; JRAS 1945, 149.13; GMS 
1275 

2098 >xswnd>r =» > Ys ) wn6 ) r 



2099 'xswndyy M >y**- 
(s)xsunde ©<*xsnutaka 

happy 

BBB; GMS 414a, 571; Hen. Tales. 470.49 

2100 'xswny M j& 
(o)xsawane, sxsone ? ©pi. -/ ^'xsWn, 

^s'wn'k 
king, ruler 
Hen. AM 1952, 203.12 

2101 'xsy- =» } YS*y-, xsy- 

2102 >xsypt- S => >xs>y|3t- 

2103 »xsyc M jjulT ^cjT ^qjulT ^<L^j < ^y* 
axsic ^'ksyc 

pulling instrument 

GMS 343, 1002; Sogdica. 30.11 

2104 »xsy5 M jiJL^l<^l<r,>U> 
o/axse5 ©<Av. xsaeta ^'ysyS, xsyS, ys>y5 
ruler, king 

GMS 269, 1189; Hen. BSOAS 12, 302, 110 

2105 'xsyspt pyy M jUjb- J ^JL fi)*^ ^sXjj^ 

(ox j £ j j al^~i jl <<jy^ 
oxsispat-J3ayi ©*xsa&ra-pati baga -»xsyspt 

PY 
Splenditcnens, king of splendour 
BBB >;«>?•, W-Lii; Sund. 1994, Liste. 453-4 

2106 'xsywn'k S =» 'xsywn(y) 

2107 'xsywnky' M c^^^tj^i 3 ^Jh 
(o)xsewan(a)kya ? 

realm, rule 
BBB b69 

2108 'xsywn(y) M oi^U^li. 
axsewane Oxsywn'k) ^ysywny, xsywny(y), 

Pyy } ysywny, 'ys'ywn'k, 'ysywn'k 
king, ruler 
GMS 1086, 1253; KG voc. -/i ; MSP bl22 pi. -r 

2109 >xsywny pyy M (jij/j *_**/) jObi- ^ <jj^ l? ,j ^ 
axsewane-Payi 

god-king 
Sogdica. 27.14 

2110 'xsywnymync M ^U. 
sxsewanemec ^MLK'mync, 'ysywn^mync, 

'xs^wnmync, mSSk'mync 
royal 
GMS 1103; Hen. Tales. 478.7 

2111 'xty'k M ojUS^jjb 
oxtyak Oxty'q) =»xty } k 



'xty'q 



84 



judgement 

GMS 1110; BBB f55 ; Sogdica. 53 Add. 

2112 »xty»q => 'xty'k 

2113 >xw S =» >yw 

2114 »xw»y- M jlSj^ 
axway, amxway ©*a/ham-xwahaya- 

-^nyWy- 1 
0<?)break 
GMS 417; BBB p59, 11 

2115 *'xwb(y)- C oJ^J^ti'cf-*- 
axub ? 

(to)surgc forward 

Mack. BSOAS 31124; S W, C2, 12V9 n p56, 
impf. mxub 

2116 »xwd , wny' C j& <J^J i^~ 
axudawanya ©f. n. -^wxd'wny* 

zeal, striving 

C2, 4R3, 31 R7, 104R10 n p96, 27; STSC 149 

2117 'xwmt'n S c-^0 < j~>- jj ^-u <s^ fi)j\j*y*. 

oxumdan Oywmt'n) ©Syr. hwmd y n\ Khot. 

humdan 
Humdan, khumdan {a city of ancient China, 

Changan, Hsien-yang) 
Anc. Lett. 2.15, 18; Hen. Date. 608 

2118 »xwnc C jw « jjL, « Jj^- 
axunc =» } wxwnc, 'nxwnc(h) 

struggle, conflict, battle 
C2 gloss, ob. -y ; C2, 31V22 

2119 'xwrmzt =* 'ywrmzt rwc 

2120 'xws'ndy 1 =» 'xws'ndyy* 

2121 'xws'ndyy' M, S ( j J ^-> 
oxusandya (xwsnty\ 'xwsndty', ^ws'ndyO 

©<*xu(n)sandya ^'Yws'nty'kh, xwsndy*, 

Yws*ntyh 
contentment 
GMS 338, 425; KG 2345; Hen. Magi. 142.6 

2122 'xwsdy* =» xwsndy* 

2123 'xwsndty* M => 'xws^dyy* 

2124 J xwsyd- C o^&j^ *j&*&lj> 
axuseS ? 

GcOencourage, (/o)incite 
C2, 69V l, 104V7, 25V2 n p75.2 ; Benv. Eti 327; 
STSC 149 

2125 'xwsydWty C ■ A^-" «J-^I 
axusedamant/de 



encouragement 

C2, 31V2 ; BSTii 893.2 

2126 'xwsndy(y) M ^y^~ 

oxusande (xswndyy) 

content 

BBB; GMS 162.416; Tales. 470, 49 n4 

2127 'xwsndyy =* 'ywsWk 

2128 *xwsp'ny S jlScjlj^ 
oxuspane 

herdsman 
MSP bl83 

2129 »xwstr- S j± 
oxustr ©ace. -w ^'ywstr-, xwstr- 

camel 

Anc. Lett. 1.11 

2130 >xwyr C j>T 
axwer =*»y w y r 

stable 

Sund. AoFviii 1981 pl99.8 n 307 p201 n 363 

2131 >XY S <>0A* 
Prat ©Idg. 

brother 
MSP b!72 

2132 > X yr- C 



* O^J> jj^zy iO>y^-*^*> 



OcOtransgrcss 

C2, 51V12, 57V21 n p77.30-l ; STii 2.22; Sund. 
AoFviii 1971 p213 ; trans, pret. 'jcyr^V-, C2, 

68V 25 

2133 'xyr^mnty C o&ttj&J 
axeramande ©ace. -tw 

transgression 

BSTii 893.31; C2.31V31 

2134 'xyrny C L^*<*jujj 
axerne =* J xrysq, Yym'k 

walking 

BSTi 155, 160,219 

2135 *xyrsq C J**+hjj 
axers(a)k =^ } xrysq 

walking, walker 

BSTi 232 

2136 >xyz- C j V VUj^4 
axez, anxez ©<*d-xazaya-, *ham-xazaya 

©trans, pret. y xyzd y r -^ny'yz- 
0o)raise 
GMS 188, 543; C2, 94V 2, 69V 16; STi 30.15 



85 



'ySyCy) 



2137 >xz- C j»j^<j=-^ 
axaz, anxaz ©impf. mxz ^Yz-, myz-, >xst- 

Oo)rise 

GMS 55; C2, 51V11 

2138 ^mnty C j^^'^^^j 
axaz-amandc ^yz'mnty 

resurrection, rising 

C2 gloss, ace. } xz y mntw, C2, 40R16; BSTii 908.16 

2139 y C jUjoL^j; 
ay ©<ayw =»*y n > V 

period 

C2 gloss, n p75 ; Benv. JA 1959, 130f 

2140 >y 2 C : (/x*^^)^7 
ay ©intcrj. voc. 

C2 gloss.; Sund. AoF 1981 p2l3 

2141 y m C 
ayam ^"y'm, 'ym 2 
end 
C2 gloss, ob. -y, C2, 51R13 

2142 ym- C 
ayam ©impf. m } y } m =» } ym\ 'y'm- 
0o)end, (/^complete 
BSTii 859.27; C2, 23R27 n pl63, Lsg. fut. >ymmq> 

2143 y m cyq C 
ayamcik 
final 
C2, 27V 28, 48R25, 28 

2144 ymp- ==» *y > np- 

2145 yms- =» 'ymps- 

2146 *yms- B 
ayams ©med. pass. st. impf. rriyms 
(fo)be ended 

BSTBL, Dhu. 289 

2147 ymt- =» »y l mt- 

2148 >ybty C (*o*/)uMV<ol^ 
ayapde, epde ^ymp-, VP^ 

astray 

C2, 83V6 n pl63 ; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 91 V2 

2149 W *?<**? 
ec ©pi. _/ ; ob. pi. ~ty =» } yst, *yc, >y8c, >dc 

something 

GMS 1580; TSP 12.25; BBB ; C2 gloss.; STii 4.33; 

pi. 'yet, 6.42; ob. pi. >yay, 6.18, 43; S W, SGI 

1986, 407 

2150^ C <^««>i 

aye, ec ©yyam- ©f. pp. ^"s-, »ytk, } yt- 



- 1 iJ\Aj 



0*ho\A* 



<Sj^^ <uM 



obtained 

STSCiii; BSTii 905.9; C2, 57V9 

2151 »yc»t S, C o-j^ r 'U 
ecat, icat ©<*uz-cyatd ? 

safe, sound 

MSP bl87 p42 ; S W, CI, 1991, 185, zwk>yc>h >ycH 
tfr-, CII 1990 p53 "keep firm" 

2152 >yc , t , wy S oL*l,^>U 
ecatawe ^'yc't 

security, health 
CII 1990 Fl p53 

2153 >yct(y) =» >y5c, >yst 

2154 >y6 B, M, S (j^ ^^ ^) y j 
c5 ©<Av. aeta; OP aha 

this 

GMS 269, 1403, 1500; VJ 364 ; TSP 3.120 etc., 
17.28; Bcnv. Notcsiii 219 

2155 >y5 , k S-»»y5y(y) 

2156 >yd'r- C ^/ 
e6ar ('ytwS'r-, *yt6*r-) ©<ayt6dr ©trans. 

prct. =>*yt- 
0o)take 

2157 'ySWw) B L?> ^ 
cSc(u) =^ , y5cw 

something 

Bcnv. TSP n p234.17 "life"; Vaj. 12, BSTBL; GMS 

1572-4 

2158 >y6c M i$>~-Os»- 
e(5)c, edc OySc, »yct(y)) ©Yaghn. cydc ©pi. 

>ysti ob. pi. } ysty ^*y8cw, *yc ] 
something 
GMS 1572; BBB fl3, 545; S W, SGI 1986, 407, 

410 

2159 >y8cw B, S, M ^Jr*r'^? 
e8cu ^yS'wcCw), *y5cw 

something 

EGSii 136, 202 ; TSP 5.52, 7.141; BSTBL, Padm. 
43; Hen. Giants. 70.1; MSP ; Frag. Len. 95.7 

2160 'ySych M tfJ^Osr 
e5ec 

something 

Hen. Tales. 480.26; S W, SGI 1986, 407-8 

2161 >y5y(y) M ^S ^ i{ y^ 
e5e OyS'k) ©pi. -t\ ob. pi. -tyh =^y5yyt 
somebody 

GMS 8, 1553; BBB 545 



'yyrty^ 



86 



2162 'yyrty'k M 4*-y,j.>^f 
iyartyak ? =»yyrty'k 

extension, diffusion 
GMS 518, 1110 

2163 } yjn =» yznyh 

2164 ^jwnw'Sy M (J-jJ^i <j^ ^s^^J^k^ ^^"^ 
ez(u)n-wa5e 

having a worthy place 

Hen. Sogdica. 24.10, ^zn+w^y 

2165 'YK 05 S, B (^Ar'^^'ft'Ojrr 
canu, ka5u ©Idg. ^c'n'kw, k5 

if, when, as 

EGSii 176, 192; } YKw, MSP b83 

2166 >YKny S(AL) =» >YKZY 

2167 'yksy B ^^^ ^A^- ^ 3Ji jy- 
iks, yaks (yksy) -»yks- c>) 

Yaksha, spirit 

TSP 2.400; GMS 206i ; >yskwy, TSP 3.41 

2168 'yqwn C ^Ll^a^jujU- 
aykun, aikun «»*ykwn(w) 

eternal 

STi 31.17, 69.6-, STii 1.10, 4.26; ayu-Jcana, >yqwn 

pn "forever", C2, 27V 14, 68V4 ; S W, AO 1981, 

19 

2169 'yqwncyq C ^l <uk>r 
aykuncik, aikuncik -»*ykwncyq 

eternal 

C2, 68V3; STi 13.3, 4 ; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 180.7 

2170 >YKZY S (jttfjaj'fy&'tfltoy? 
canu-ti, kaSuti ? OYKZY(n), >YKny) ©Idg. 

^ > YK (>) , k5>wty 
as, if, like 
cW&w, BSTBL, Vim. 1 kSwty, wWw, C2 n 

pl84.7 ; "YKZYY, Hen. Tales. 475.25; STii p578 ; 

VJ ; TSP; KG; Frag. Len. ; S W, CI, 1991, 178- 

185 

2171 'YKZY(n) =* >YKZY 

2172 >ym' 

Im, em Oym) ©s^ah-, ahmi ©lsg. pres. 

=> } ynt, y- 1 
GMS 760; C2 n p60 ; EGSii 63; AVS 224 

2173 »ym' C j^TiOLiL 
ayam ^ym 

end 

STi 18.3.19.13 & etc.; GMS 659 

2174 'ym- C «* 'y'm- 



2175 >ym (,) 

im, Trna, Iman, Imax Cym, } ymn, 'ynVx) ©Sah\ 
OP ahmahy ©lpl pres. ^'sty 1 , y- 1 , x- 1 

GMS 778; >ym\ STii 1.83, 41.25; Frag. Len. 92, 9; 
>ymn, BSTBL, Vim. 44, 148; >ym>x, STi 82.2; 
AVS 224 

2176 >ym>wtsy B J*> 
imutsi ? (D<Chin. 

parrot 

SCE 144 etc. 315,352 

2177 •ym'x S =» 'ym^, m>x ! 

2178 >ymn B -» >ym (,) , »ynt 

2179 >ymp- C j*/^ 
ayamb, ayanp =>>ybty, *y >n P~ 

0<?)scduce, (zo)pervert 
GMS 602; C2, 52R2 

2180 'ympn C ^-^»> ^l^oLi 
ayamban, ayanpan =*»*ymbn 

corruption, deception 

BSTii 881.15; C2, 13R28 n pl63 

2181 'ympny C *\j*f isjcjfels txJs 
ayambanc ©pi. -t 

corrupt 
STii 6.22 

2182 'ymps- C ^LoWj <u-»^f U; 
ayam(p)s Cy'ms-) 

(/o)bc ended 

BSTii 827.51; Benv. JA 1959, 119; C2, 94V21; 
AVS 74 

2183 J yms- C j=&jjU <oxi.fL; 
ayams ©impf. myms =**y ,ms_ 

0c)be ended, (/^accomplished 
STi 3.9, 43.19-, C2 gloss. 

2184 >yms> C ol> T 
ayamsa ©f. n. 

end 

STi 18.3,20.5 

2185 'YMT(w) S t^)^^ 
ka5(u) ©Idg. =»k5wty, cWw 

as, when 

Anc. Lett. 2.22, 28 etc.; Hen. Date. 602 n 2; Anc. 
Lett. 2.48 "as if" 

2186 'ymyn =* } myn ? 

2187 'yn'k S j,J 
ene (ynyy) ©*ainaka; Skt. ena =^ } yny(y) 

this 



87 



'ynyCy) 



Hen. BSOAS 11 Giants. 69; MSP >yn*k(w) 

2188 'yn'qwc C (Lio^ljju 
enakuc ? ©ena <haina ? (+kuc) =^ ( yy n, ^ wc 
slander 

STii 5.43; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 141 

2189 >ync C, B, S jj 
i/enc Oyns) ®<*yaunika-> Yaghn. inc, enc ©-/z 

pi. -yst =^yst, 'yncyst, 'ync 
woman 
STi 36.15, 83.13; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p213 ; C2 

gloss.; BSTi wydwc >ync; >yncK VJ; SCE 232, 

560 ; BSTBL, Padm. 67, Vim. 153; MD ; Frag. 

Len. ; TSP n p207 ; -cwh.SCE 357 

2190 'yncmnc =* 'yncmynch 

2191 Vncmynch B, M -oiij 
incmene Cyncymynch, 'yncmnc) 

feminine, female 

TSP 12.40, 19.20 n p232 ; SCE 350.560; GMS 
1103; KG 338 

2192 >ync sk'ry B (J&oj)*Juj 
inc-skare 

woman chaser 

S W, IIJ 1976, 49- 50, Frag. 5.5 

2193 >yncy* S 

inci ©<*isci <*isti <*asti- ©3sg. pres. =» ( ycy, 

ycy, xcy 
Livsic. Sogdiskij yazik. p400 

2194 >yncy : S ( \J\ Mj J 
enc(y) ©*ham-cyd\ A v. sd ^ } ncy, 'yc't 

quiet 

Anc. Lett, ii, 5.7 ; S W, CI, 1991, 184-5 

2195 'yncy'nw S co-I^J 
encyan(u) 

(a/)rest 

S\V, CI, 1991, 185 

2196 'yncymynch =» 'yncmynch 

2197 >yncyr wn C ^lc^ 
i/encir wan =»>ncyr 

fig tree 

Sund. AI 28, 1988, 180 

2198 >yncyst B, C Uj 
incist, inst Oynst) ©ob. -y 

women 

TSP 22.13; >ynst 9 TSP 22.18; STi 52.9; Sund. AoFi 
1974, 241.9, 242.16; AoFviii 1981 p213 
21 99>yn8 B ^ t , 



ind(e) 0yn8>y) ©Wakh. indi, gunfc Yidg. idiko 

©pi. -t(h) 
lady 
VJ 33; TSP 6.167; Hen. Texts. 733 

2200 'ynd'y =» >yn5 

2201 >ynkw B (^\ ijJ^\)^\ ^^ 
inku ©<Skt. hingu, MP angu 

gum 

Hen. AION 1965, 36 n 1 

2202 'ynkwmync B ^..^ 
inkumenc 

(of) gum 

TSP 8.111 n p216 ; Hen. AION 1965, 36 n 1 Bcnv. 
"iron" 

2203 >yns *± } ync 

2204 'ynskth B (yC^)oljj J^ J^^^-if^ 
ins-kat(c) ^'yskth 

harcm(/?/ace of women) 

VJ 397 n p90, 34 ; TSP n p207, 167 

2205 >ynst B, C -» >yncyst 

2206 >ynt B 

ayand, end Oymn) ©a/i- ©3pl. pres. & opt. 

^ym 1 , >ys, *ynt, 'st'nt, xnt, 'st'ynt 
GMS 779; BSTBL, Dhy. 210, 219; AVS 225 

2207 >ynt'wk B ^xa«>ua 
induk ©<*hinduka 

Hindu, (from) India 
Frag. Lcn. 59.2 

2208 'yntk'w B, S ^jua«jjua 
indaku Oyntkw) ©pi. -t ^'ynt'wk 

Hindu, (from) India 

GMS 94; Anc. Lett. 2.37; BSTBL, Intox. 37; S W, 
C2 n p61 

2209 'yntkw =» >yntk>w 

2210 >yntr B {^j^ ^Ij^ r b)\^_\ 
indor, indra 

Indra 
TSP 8.41 

2211 ^ntwkstn B jU^jxa 
indukastan ©loc. - y y 

India 

TSP 21iii, 17; Hen. Texts. 736 

2212 >yny(y) M, C, S j,J 
ene, eni Oyny(y)) ©<*ainaka ^y'n', y>nt, 'yn'k 
this 

GMS 1499; Tales. 475.27; STi 8.17 ; Sund. AoFviii 




t/JJO^J 



(0>>>^* j->)o^ 



'yp'k 

1981 p2l3 ; STii 5.5 etc.; Frag. Len. 33.1; C2 
gloss. 

2213 >yp>k «* yp>k 

2214 'ypyrs'k B o^^^ 
i/epy/xarse ? Oypyrs'y) ©pi. -/ 

protector 

BSTBL, Dhy. 16; TSP 14.33 n p229; Sogdica. 60.7; 
Benv. Notesii 216 

2215 typyrs'y ■=> 'ypyrs'k 

2216 »yry»pt B 
Iryapt ©Skt. iryapatha 
behaviour, posture 
BSTBL, Dhy. 351 " 

2217 >yrzn(w) S(M) 
erzan ©*arjydna -►'yzn, <v J n 
worthy 
Sund. IMTT 1992,78.11 n 53 

2218 >ys- 
es, ais Cys-) =**yt-\ *ys- 
(fo)comc 

GMS 8, 614, 918; TSP; BSTBL; MDii; MSP; BSTi; 
C2 gloss.; AVS 71 n 2 

2219 'ys'm'nt'k S «* »ys'mndy 

2220 'ys'mndy M ^jjj'jjeU* 
esamandc (ys'm'nty) 

coming, advent 

GMS 1100; Sogdica. 29.12; C2 gloss, ace. 

'yj'/n'/ifw, C2, 12V7, 51V1 ; >ys>m } nt>kw t Hen. 

Giants. 70.17 

2221 »ys B, C, S 

is Cyst*, ( ys) ©Sati ©2sg. pres. -^- > ys8 > 
GMS 754, 761; AVS 224 

2222 'ysJJr B (^x^ ^j^ fb) jy iJi 
is|3ar ©Skt. isvara 

Ishvara 

TSP 7.16, 28, 33 

2223 'ysc'n'y M \^j/ t x^y 
escane ? Oysc'ny) ^'yzn, 'scyWk, ( yjn 
worthy 

GMS 1041, 155 = >yzn + one 

2224 'ysc'ny =* ^sc'n'y 

2225 -'ysS* B 

ista OystO ®^ah @2pl. pres. ^x- 1 
GMS 777; S W, C2 n p59; AVS 225 

2226 >ysqryn ? C ? a^jl^j ,? ojua,^- 
eskaren(e) ? ®<*awi-skar ? 



88 



changer ?, destroyer ? 
STii 6.23 

2227 'yskth B ^ J>L | ^^ t ^ ^ 
es-kate Oyskty(h), 'ysqty) ^ynskth 
harcmiplace of women) 

VJ n p90.34 ; TSP 6.167; ob. >yskty, VJ 387, 
} yskt c>) yh y VJ 34, 1351; ace. >ysqtw, C2, 13R24; 
GMS 259, 339; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 137 

2228 'ysqty C =» 'yskth 



<j/ 



r^- 



<* 



>jpJi^ *^3v-^— i **-io 



2229 >yspYwnc B 
isp-yonc 
jasper-coloured 
BSTBL, Dhy. 292-4 

2230 >ysp(h) B 
i/esp 
jasper 
BSTBL, Dhy. 221, 292, 294; VJ 15* n p92 

2231 'yspyn'k B 
ispene 
(o/)jasper, crystalline 
BSTBL, Dhy. 276, 277 

2232 >yst C ^ 
est OyctCy)) ©ob. pi. -ty ^'yc\ *y5c 

things 

STi 50.7 ctc. ; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p213 ; C2 gloss.; 
STii 3.60; Yrftyst "many thing", STi 37.4 

2233 'yst* C => ->ys6\ >ys 

2234 >ysty S c ^^ 
estc ? ©Av. yaesiya; Yaghn.es; Knot.; is. 
boiling ? 

Sund. MHC p37.7, 32 n 82 

2235 >ysw M 
isu Cysw (t) , yswy, 'yswy) =>yysw (t) 
Jesus 
GMS 9 

2236 'yswy C =» } ysw 

2237 'ysy'ntc S 
es(y)anc -^ysty, ^y's'ntcy 
boiling 
Sund. MHC 32.12 n86 

2238 >yt- B, C 
et, ayt ©<*a-yata- y Syam- ©pt. st, 

p yt-, ( yt-, >yc 3 
Go)take 
GMS 539; TSP 7.137; >ytw, C2, 13V29; pp. >yty, 

C2 gloss.; trans, pret. VV-, STi 52.10; >y/<5V-, 

Frag. Len. 69.33 



O^yr 






*s, >yty, 



89 



} ywst- 



Lf^ T 



^U i^Lis 



2239 >yt'wk B cJ^ 
aytuk 

old age 

BSTBL, Vaj. 10; Benv. Notesi 64; SW, IIJ 1978, 
258, 10, zyt>wk(Sji-) 

2240 'ytcs'ntk B 
itcsantc ? Oytcs'nty) ©<Skt. icchantica 

worldly 

BSTBL, Dhu. 84, 133 

2241 ^tcs'nty =» 'ytcs'ntk 

2242 >yty C &/ 
etc ©<*<2-ya/a-/:a ©pp. ^'s-, } yt- 

takcn 

STi ; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p213 ; C2 gloss ; voc. >yt\ 
C2, 51 R30 ; f. >yc, C2, 57V 9 

2243 *yw (oy ^j~j jj)t^- <jb-lj <^ 
ew Cyw) =»yw 2 

one, single 

GMS 1316, 1329; ob. 'yw/i, GMS 179 n 1 

2244 >yw »yh B <^> 
ew-ay 

always 

TSP 2.165, 5.6; GMS 1317 

2245 >yw , pc , t B J-j^y 
ew-apcat ? -^ywnpc'ty 

at once 

BSTBL, Vim. 109, 121 'pye'f, Dhu. 181; GMS 179 

2246 >y w , r6kw B, M c~.l j < Jj£ < ( _ r ~^ 
cw-ar5aku ©<ew+arduk ©abl. - J ; gen. -y 

^'yw'rSwk, yw'rdq 
sincere 
SCE 62; TSP 14.28 etc.; BSTBL; GMS 423 



*— ^i^-^i 'i*^L5"^. f, *"^i-/* 



•>*(»* 



2247 >yw >yw B 
ew-ew =^ ( yw ( yw 
each one, one by one 
BSTBL 

2248 >y W » z p»py S 
ew-ozpape =>>zp'P(h) 
with the same taste 
MSP b 59 

2249 >y W 5ypty (,) B £_& 
ew-5iPde, 5fMte OywSptyw) 

one another, each other 
VJ 896; SCE 56; BSTBL, Dhu. 249 ; Frag. 3.46; 
MDii; MSP b94, -w 



2250 'ywywnc'yfi B, S 



ew-yonce8 OywywncyS) 
like, as, just so 

GMS 1108, VJ; SCE 186, 198; TSP; BSTBL; STii; 
Frag. Len. 

2251 > ywywncy8 =¥ , ywYwnc ) y5 

2252 >yw mryy B ^io-^ < jLX ijj> 
ew-marye 

equal 

BSTBL, Dhy. 395 n p64 

2253 >ywn B j£^<^ 
ew-wan? ^wn'pr'wS 

woodland 

Mack. BSTBL; Vim. 78 n pl9 

2254 >ywnpc>ty B jl/u 
cw-apcate ? =»>yw 'pcM. 

at once 

BSTBL, Dhu. 181; GMS 179n 1, 'yw'pc'ty 

2255 'ywpV'yk' B <±^3j *</■** 
ew-parik Cywp'ryq, ^wp'ryk) 

altogether 

BSTBL, Dhy. 139, Intox. 13; TSP 5.10, 9.111 

2256 'ywpVyk «* 'ywp'r'yk' 

2257 >ywp , t(w) B jU£ 
ew-pat => ( yw p } t 

once 

TSP 9.78, 7.50; BSTBL, Padm. 43; -w, SCE 536; 
BBB 102 

2258 *yw p'zky* M U^» to9lju>^_jj^o 
ew- pazakya ? =»p'z 



unanimity, sincerity 

Sund. Man. Lett. 310.16, 311 n 47 



-*' 



*)s. j-> 



1 j' a* 



<r^ 



2259 >yw pr 8w> B 
ewpar 5wa 
doubly, twice 
BSTBL, Dhy. 41 

2260 >yw pyrnmstr B 
ew-pirnamstar 
first of all 

VJ 60 b , 383; TSP 280; GMS 1305 

2261 J ywst- M ozJ'^S^^*; Lj£tSdj> 
ayust ©pt. St. ^'y'wz-', "y^vst- 

0<?)stir up, GcOexcite 
GMS 5 A 818 



'ywt'cCh) 



90 



2262 »ywt'c(h) S lfjib& 
ew-tac ^yw^c 

alone 

GMS 1127; TSP 13.10, 3.122; SCE 125; Tales. 
486.20; STi 86.4 

2263 >yw wsyy S l^- 
ew-wise ? =^*ws- 

alone 

Sogdica. 249; GMS 1317 

2264 'ywz- =» *ywz 

2265 'ywznk**' B, S ^-*. :: jj)dj^ <Ji* <-u;1*a ijyr^t 

ewzang Oywznkh) =*zng 

like, same, similar 

GMS 1109, 1317; EGSii 104 

2266 'ywznk'n B ju;La 
ewzangan 

similar 

TSP 3.2 

2267 } y wznk , y6 B, M, S jU*a <jljLa 
ewzangeS Cywznky5) 

like, similar 

TSP 3.205; BSTBL; Dhu. 157; STii 724; GMS 
1115, 1109; Frag. Len. 92.13 

2268 'ywznkh => >ywznk c,) 

2269 'ywznkyS =» 'ywznk'yS 

2270 } ywz(y) C to tifcy 
ayoze ©pi. -/ =» } ywst-, *ywz 

tempest 

BSTii 908.12; C2, 40R 12 

2271 >yy M (A* «J>-\$» 
ay ©voc. 

hey 

Hen. Tales. 478.9, 10 

2272 >yz- B o*J' { J*J<o±~<j t 
iz ©<yaza =*yz- 

0o)worship, (fo)sacrifice 
SCE 248; GMS 206a 

2273 >yzn S klJ&ix^jJ 
ezan ^'yzn, { yjn 

worthy, reliable 
MDii pl42 n9 ; MDiii 

2274 >yzn C 4s^li <jiui jjl 
ezan ©<OP arjana ©pi. -/ ^yzn, *yJ n » 

'yscWy 
valuable, worthy 



J*J->' ^ 



GMS 290; STii 6.47, 34 ; C2 gloss. 

2275 'yzndy C 
ezande Oyjndy, } yznty) =>>yznty 
worthy 
STii 2.19, 23 ; GMS 290, 810; -ty, STi 59.19 

2276 >yznty B 
ezande =^ J yzndy 
worthy 

BSTBL, Vim. 44 ; GMS 290 

2277 'yznty =» >yzndy 

2278 >yzt M, C <^J jLOU-^ <u'V *ssf 
izd ( ( yzt) ©ob. -y, -tty 

public place, street, square 
GMS 46; Hen. BSOAS 12, 316; STii 3.54; Bcnv. 
Eti 314, S W, C2 n pi 32, 60V10, 31R19 

2279 'yzt* C 4J >Ojb^> 
o/izda ? 

news, announcement 
STi 9.1, 29.6; GMS 84 

2280 'yzt'ys M c- 
o/izdes Oyztys) ©Parth. *zdys\ MP ^zdys 

=*yzt } ys 
idol 
GMS 284 

2281 'yztys =* 'yzt^s 

2282 'yztyskt'k M ,d^o-«jSc> 
izdes-kate 

idolhouse 

GMS 104; KG 464 

2283 Vn C ^-L-iJjI^-l 
azan 

confession, acknowledgement 
BSTii 892.11: C2DV6 

2284 , z > n- C . o^jj* ^-L- < jj^otf T < j^<Jl^l 
azan ©impf. mz^rw pret. } zWr ^Vn-, 'nz'n- 
(to)confess, (to)acknowledge, (to)give thanks 
GMS 657; STi 10.13, 12, 58.3, 4 ; Sund. AoFviii 

1981 p213 ; STii 4.10; C2, 120R1, 27V12; AVS 
99 

2285 >z'nny C oj^^Jl^l 
azan-ne ©pres. part.; pi. -r 

confessor 

} zn>nyt, BSTii 883.19; C2, 48R21 

2286 ^n-prsqy* C l^'jO^'ltV 
azan-porskya 

thanksgiving 



Mil 



91 

C2 gloss, n p63 
2287 >z ) t , qt M 

azate-t (»z>tk) ©pi. 

nobles 

Sogdica. 22.76 



'zyd- 



'jf>\ 



<o' 



ilfjijT 



2288 



'z'w 



- C 



tjj^p sJUj t^ihJiXj 



azaw Ozw-) -^nz'wt- 

GcOgive life, (/cOcause to live 

GMS 546; STi 1412; C2, 60R18; impf. mzV C2, 

60R32; 'zWV-, trans, pret. C2, 54R29; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p213, 179.19 

2289 »z»wd , r- ~± 'nz'wt- 



2290 Vwny -» 'z'wny 



i^^Tjjj 



u'li 



2291 'z'wny C 
azawnc Oz'wny) ^'nj'wny, 'nz'wn'k 
Life Giver 
GMS 894; C2, 12V18; STii 3.41, 4.17; STi 87.23 ; 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 179.15, 180.3 

2292 Vymt- B -* 'ny'mt 

2293 >zp M k B => ) z{3 > k (,> 

2294 ) zp ) p- B jju 

(o)zpaP =»zp'P- 

0o)tastc 
TSP 2.711 

2295 >zp } p(h) B, M,S •yj*?** 
(o)zPaP =*zp>p 

flavour, taste 

GMS 1505; BSTBL, Vaj. 14; Frag. Len. 35 bl ; 
KG 367; MSP b61, e26; ob. -y, bl6, 60 

2296 » 2 p»k ( » } B, M, S jlj 
(o)zPak (>zP 5 k) ©<Av.hizva =*zP>k 

tongue 

VJ 880; TSP 5.32; Sogdica. 5; GMS 93 ; KG 383; 
MDii A-14.6; MSP cl4 ; Frag. Len. 29.9 >zfl>kh, 
KG 399; ob. -y/x, TSP 2.393; pi. -t y MSP b51 

2297 >zp>kwy Y >k S utij^Jc- 
Dzpak-wexe 

root of the tongue 

Sogdica. 5 ; Frag. 4.12; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 

140 

2298 > z p>nt B ^ >np>nt 

2299 > z p> r - ? S ^Uoy^l^ 
ozPar ? <DAv. uzban Parth. 'wzbry 
provisions 

MDii pl46n7 ; Hen. Mittelir. 113.7 



jl^if 



■j oljl jj 



jU <r JU 



2300 >zbr- C 
zPar ^zP^r- 
(r<9)cross over 
STii 1.21; GMS 158n 1,240 

2301 >zc C 
azc, azac ©f. adj. =*>zty 
free woman, noble 
C2, 54R13 

2302 >zcy>t S 
azjyat ©<Av. hujyati ©pi. -t\ ace. -w 
healthy, prosperous 

MDii pl25.14 pl06.13 ; Gersh. Advice. 88 

2303 'zd'qry* C OjU*«i><^ 
azda-karya (zd'qryO ©OP azda ^'zt'qry 
news, announcement 

GMS 84, 284; STii 3.42 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 
140d 

2304 »zY , m S SuiT ^ < a >^t <JU >> 
(o)zyam ^'wzy'm, zy'm 

completely, absolutely, at last 
MDii; MDiii; Frag. Len. 68.8, 69.3; MSP bl64 ; S 
W, BAI 1990, 285 

2305 »zY»nt S JL, m <»\~.J 
(o)zyand Czynt) ©*zgad~ ©ace. -vt>; pi. -t 

->zY } nt(t), zynt 
messenger, envoy 
MDii; MDiii; Frag. Len. 117 R2 ; Ladakh. Insc. ; 

Hen. Mittelir. 54; "zVnty* GMS 342 n 1 

2306 'zyV S j^j^j 
(3)zyar ^zy'r 

humidity ? 
KG 478 

2307 >zy , rt B, S JU^Jj> 
(9)zyart ©<*zgar ^zy'rt, zyrt, jyrt, >zyrt 

at once, immediately 
TSP 8.124; BSTBL; KG 358 

2308 >zy , w => »zYw(h) 

2309 } zY'yr- S 0-^O-^>- 
(3)zyer Ozyyr-) =*JYyr-, zy'yr- 

GeOcall, (r<?)name 

Hen. Tales. 486.13 ; BSOAS 11.69; KG 2053, pp. 
"zVyrfy, pi. -f, KG 560 

2310 *zYd— C . j^jC^-^ <o-l&>~ i j^ *r 
azyaS (zyd-) ©*ham-zgad ©impf. mzYd 

^'nzyynt-, 'nzyst- 
Go)leap up 
BSTii 888.56; Benv. J A 1955, 315; C2, 60V23 n 



'zynt 



92 



pl32 

2311 >zynt S =» 'zy'nt 

2312 v zyr S £^ «>j <f jj t/W 
az/zy/zar ? ©ace. -w, ob. - > ; pi. -f 

armour 

MDii pi 52.5; MDiii 

2313 >zyrt S (^ 
(o)zyart (zyrt) =»jyrt 

quickly 

Hen. Tales. 475.11 

2314 'zYw(h) B,S ^^'J^'J 1 ^ 
azy/xu Czy'w) 

anxiety, trouble : 

VJ 18 d , 791 etc.; Benv. >nrwh ; Hen. apud. GMS 
403 n 1; MDii p78, 29, 89 

2315 'zywnt- S o>£ j&A 
azyund ©*uz-gunda\ Khot.uysgun 
GcOrevcal 

Sund. MHC p23 

2316 'zyyr- ~» ^y'yr- 

2317 *zm -» zmy 

2318 'zmnw B, S cijOki 
(o)zamnu =»zmn(w), zmn- 

timc 

TSP 17.32, 21, iii, 16; MDii; Hen. Tales. 486.18, 

ob. >zmny\ >zmnyh, Hen. Tales. 486.16; TSP 

12.30 

2319 } zmwYtY rwc S ( ;^^^j:^^) 6 Uf^w~w j 3J 
ozmuytay roc ©Av. zemd-huddTjho 

=»zmwxtwy 
twenty-eight day of the month 
MDii, iii; S W, BSOAS 38, 1975, 134 n 13, 

y zmwYt (i) x 



2320 >zmy M 
(o)zme =*zm } k, zmyy 
winter 
Hen. Tales. 481.40, 42 

2321 >zn' B 
(o)zna ^jn* 
knowledge 
STii 7.25 

2322 Wk(h) B 
(o)znak Ozn'kh) ©fzna -»zn'kh : 
knowledge, information 

BSTBL, Vim. 66^ Frag. Len. 37.13; GMS 264 

2323 Wkh B =* >zn>k(h) 



(jUw»J 



€ 7 ,jjh 



jttfl^ 



2324 >zn , ny C ♦xJfol^l 
azanne ©pi. -t ^z'nny 

confessor 

BSTii 883.19; C2 gloss, n p86 

2325 Wptnym B j>Jj<jj^ 
(o)zna-patnem Ozn'ptnym, 'nz'ptfym) 

=»jn } ptnym 
adviser 
TSP 2.1155, 12.70; Gersh. Advice. 78bf ; Hen. 

Tales. 480.13, 48ln 6 

2326 'zn^tnym M(S) =* Wptnym 

2327 *znt C <uo5<jb-k 
aza/ond ©ob. -y ^'zynd 

tale, story, account 

C2, 48V24, 39V14n pi 15 

2328 >zp } rt B, S (o>> y^ ^)^l 
(o)zpart ©f. -h\ ob. -y ~> } zprt, zp'rt 

pure, clean 

TSP 3.216; VJ ; BSTBL; KG; MSP; BBB; Tales. 
469; STi 86.12; f. adj. >zprth, KG 554 



2329 >zp>rtyh B 

(o)zpartya ^zp'rty* 

purity 
TSP 2.322 



iA 



^a 



2330 >zprt B, M, C 
(o)zpart ^zp^t, zp*rt, mndzprt 
clean 

BBB 

2331 'zprtqryy M •xuS\i'l 
(3)zpart-kare ©pi. -f =>zprtqryy 

purifier 

Sogdica. 48,3, 49.3; GMS 1122 

2332 , zr , w6kh S (c ..^j^Uj ft '^hj k *jbj)&jbj 

(o)zrawa5e ©f. -c 

(/>cw)Zarawad 

MDii pl47 n pl48 pl96 ; MDiii pl08 

2333 'zr'wsc S c*i*jj 
(o)zrusc ©Parth. zrhwst =*zrwsc 

Zoroaster 

GMS 379, 1171; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.26 

2334 >zryt- S(MD) «* zr>yt- 

2335 'zrmyKh) M ^J\ cj}\ 
azarmya =**zrm 

harm 

BBB 483 +>/?h> 



mimmmmmm 



mamim 



§M*m* 



93 



2336 'zrw' B (^bjd^ J ><(J'j*j*''Sjt'WjjJ 
(a)zarwa (zrwn) =*zrw> 

Zurvan(M), Brahma(B) 
VJ 910; W-Li; Hen. Tales. 485; TSP ; BSTBL, 
Vim. 129 

2337 'zrync- S o^J'^ jT O-^ob*; 
(o)zrenc ^zr'yt-, zr'ync-, zrync- 

0<?)save, (redeliver 

MDii pl23.19 n pl26 ; AVS 123 

2338 >zt C J>^ 
azt ©pp. 

born 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 200.16, 210.1, 211.9, 13, 15 

2339 >zt> B LiT «ifT *4=^Li 
azda ©OP azda 

informed 

GMS 84, 284; VJ 297, 1075, 1299 

2340 'zt'yr'y w B ? •ifiY^. <? «_u. ^ 
azda-yriw ? 

self-knowing ?, with merit ? 
TSP 2.1181 n pl84 

2341 'zt^ry C jjT f L <jijjU- ^Lu 
azda-kare -^zd'qry' 

announcer, herald 
BSTi 215 

2342 } ztq>r C ^I^U-O^ 
azat-kar ©pi. -t ^'ztk'r 

soldier, military man, officer 
C2, 77R11 n pl56 

2343 'ztwny C oJUl icZh\J*\ ^ jT 
azatune, azatoni 

freedom, nobility 

C2, 51R19, 57R6; STSC 105; S W, AO 1981,18 

2344 > z ty C .jljw^oljT^ 
azate ©pi. -r ^'ztk'r 

freeman, noble 

STi 83.11; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 193.4; C2, 54R13, 
f. adj. >zc 

2345 >zty C ^Ij.jd^ 
azote ©pp. ^smynt^ty, »jty 

born 

GMS 27; STi 69.8; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p213 

2346 >ztyw B, M 
(o)zdyu ©<uz-dahyu 
exiled, exile 



'zw'st- 

VJ ; GMS 97, 181; BBB b72 

2347 >zw (Jj^jl^j^ 
azu Czwty, >zwZY) ©Av. azdm-, OP adam\ 

Parth. az ©Isg. pron. nom. ^mn 1 , zw, 'my 1 
GMS 1338 ; . >zw ty, VJ 389, 1217 & etc.; >zwZY, 
BSTBL, Dhy. 308, BBB pl21 

2348 >zw- B,S Q>fj*j<&-±j 
(o)zaw, (a)zu =*jw-, zw-, zw- 

0<?)live 

GMS 264, 574 n 1 ; VJ 1371; TSP; MDii; Tales. 
476.4; AVS 81 

2349 'zw- ■* , z , w- 
'2350 »zw»n =» >zw>n(h) 

2351 'zw^ =* >zw>n(h) 

2352 'zw'nfti) B,S ^^.^j^Jxj 
(o)zwan Ozw'n, 'zw'n) =>zw*n, jw>n 

life, living 

TSP; VJ ; BSTBL, Vim. 99; Hen. Tales. 476-1, 

408.32; Anc. Lett. 3.92; MDii; KG 375, 641; 

STii 9.13, 16; >zw ) /in/i 1 TSP 2.319; ob. 'zw'/iy/i, 

TSP 2.167, 174 

2353 Wnt'k B, S .xj 
(a)zwandc Ozw'nty, 'zwntk) =»jwndyy/h, 

zw'ntk 
living 
VJ 1110; TSP 8.187; MD ; Tales. 483.13; GMS 

1068; KG 508; Frag. Len. 60.3; W-Lii; >zwnt t 

MDii B7V5 

2354 Writ^m => ) zw»ntk5 > mh 

2355 > zw , ntk8 ) mh B <>juj obyry 'lt^ ^&~ 
(3)zwande-5am Ozw'ntSto) ©ob. ~yh 

living world 

TSP 2.565, 581, 21 iii 6 

2356 'zw'nty =» 'zw'nt'k 

2357 >zw , rt B c~zf & «z~tf j, 
(a)zwart =^zw } rt- 

return 

TSP 2.145, >zw>rty-, MSP bl54 ; 'zwV/, prw>rt t TSP 
p288.12 

2358 >zw>rt- B, S, M j^fj^^^ 
(o)zwart Ozwrt-) ©<*uz-warta ^zw'rt-, 

'zw'st- 
(ro)return 
GMS 99, 742 ; EGSii 62; VJ ; TSP; MDii; KG 519, 

impf. } zyw } rt\ Hen. Tales. 475.17 

2359 >zw ) st- S j^^t 



c zw*yrt- 



94 



(s)zwast (zwst-) ©pt. st. ^zw'rt- 

(to)return 

KG pl8l.354 

2360 'zw'yrt- B, S oxkfj. 

(o)zwert ©<*uz-wartdya- ^'zw^t, zw>yrt- 

0<?)make return 
TSP 12.18; GMS 627 

2361 »zwh B =4 'nyw 

2362 'zwn C -^j^'v- 
az5n 

child, son 

STi 84.20; pi. -/, STi 7-2, 43.15; C2, 52R15 t 

87R10; ob. pi. -ty f C2, 102V24; BSTii 878.10; 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 191V4 

2363 >zwntk => ^wWk 

2364 ^wnw^qy* C ^fxlj^xjj '*s x jJ <<5-r-, 
azon-wa5akya 

sonship 

STi 84.20; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 144 

2365 >zwrt- M =* 'zw'rt- 

2366 *zwty => } zw, ty 2 

2367 'zwyrny C •f^jb* t - r ^to 
azwerne ©<*jwdraya<, dSjur-\ Oss. adzurin-, 

Khot. iver- ©prcs. part.; pi. -/ 
enemy, ill-wisher 
BSTii 861.59; C2, 23V29 n p6l 

2368 >zwZY => 'zw 

2369 >zy- C oxXJ^ 
azay =»*jy-, } zt, *z > y- 

(to)be born 

Sund. AoFviii 1981 p2l3 

2370 'zy'm B *± >ny>m(-) 



>• < L r J - 



Ai'j 



2371 >zy>mnty C jU 
azayamande 

birth 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 179.20 

2372 hy*ms- B =* toytas- 

2373 >zyh S (o)?^o0*'^(^>> 
(a £in<i e?/) weapon 

MDii p46 n8 ; } Tsyn } zyh ? MDiii pi 17; Frag.Len. 
120.4 

2374 »zynd M, C cJjj < jl=-fe 
azi/and =^*zynd, >znt 

tale, story 

STii 1.14; Hen. Tales. 466 



2375 >zyt- S ' S^j,^/ 
azit ? ©pt. st, >zytwd } r-\ perf. st. ^zyt- 1 
(fo)take, (^)beat ? 

MDii pi 17.14; Gersh. Advice. 85 ; S W, C2 p74 
n21 

2376 *zyy my8 S j Jjl( , 

(a)ze-me9 ? ©Av. zv<? ^'pzymyS 
yesterday 

Anc. Lett. 2.16, >nyy myS\ Hen. Date. 604 n4 ; 
Benv. El Oss. 109 



(j*)sSJ 



2377 <D S 
( f R, f L) ©Idg. 
at, to 

Anc. Lett.; Hen. Texts. 717; S W, BSOAS 1975, 
135; JA 1981 p348;Cl 1991,178 

2378 f L -* <D 

2379 ( M(=rm) S, B (^l 
5an,5on ©Idg. -»5nn, 8*wn 

with 

S W, BSOAS 35, 1972, 615; KG; MSP; VJ ; TSP; 

SCE p69 ; STii 8.6; GMS 1624 

2380 'N'YW B (j*)o>yj 
framay- ONYW, RNY'W) ©Idg. 

(reorder 

Hen. Mitielir. 34 ; Livsic. HMV 259; Frag.Len. 
82a 14,19,11.4 

2381 <NYW -* WW 

2382 ( R => 'D 

2383 'sp'5 M .u. 
(a)spa5, ispaS ©<Av. spdSa ©ob. -y 

army 

GMS 18, 157; BBB 519 

2384 'sprxs M *_f jU ,^4i «Ty 
(o)sparaxs, aspraxs ©Av. spardYa 

twigs 

GMS 957; BBB p72.573 

2385 ( spty>k M =* >spty>q 

2386 ( spwrn M •x~ i t 1 J\£iJ 9 
aspurn ©<*us-prna-; Pahl. uspur, Khot. 

uspurra =^spwrn(w), spwrn-, pwn 1 
perfect, full, complete 
GMS 99 



95 



c yw ( yw 



jl>-*x-- i Jj< 



2387 'spwrn'k M JJf 
ospurne 

complete, perfect 
GMS 99.513, 982 

2388 'spwrnk'rky'h M JUT 
ospurn-karakya 

perfection 

Hen. AM 1952, 206.17 

2389 'spwrnw M SwT<J^r 
ospurnu =>pwn* 

completely 

GMS 513 ; BBBf53 

2390 'spwrny'k M U^-t <JLT 
ospurnyak ^'spwrny'kh, spwny'q 

' perfection, completion 

GMS 513, 1110; ob. -yy ; BBB 627; W-Lii 

2391 'spync M ( e ^).^UIJ -r -jU^ 
(o)spinc, osponc =Vspnc 

rest house, inn 
GMS 112 

2392 'stptc' M 
(o)stapca, stafca ©f. adj. 
cruel, hard 
GMS 1272 

2393 'stptyyh M 
(a)stapde ©pp. =* } stf3tyy 
cruel 
BBB; GMS 157 

2394 ( stryc M =» >stryc 

2395 'stwn M 
stun 
column 
W-Lii 

2396 <sxnd- M 
(o)/isxand ^'sy'nt, k'tsy'nty 
(ro)mock 

BBB 716 

2397 Ǥt =* >st c >> 

2398 < yC y M 

ici ? ®<*isci; <*isti <asti ©3sg. pres. =»ycy, 

xcy, 'yncy 1 , 'sty 1 
GMS 372, 775; BBB b78 ; AVS 224 

2399 ( y 5c M =» > y 5c 

2400 < y s yy t M JU ^ 
e5et (»5y) ©pi. =>>y6y(y) 

people 



OjZ** 



>/• 



j iO*J> «. 



^. 



GMS 1571, 1580; BBB 545 

2401 c yjn M j.jj U^li 
ezan ©<*arjyan~; Av. ar9ja- y Parth. arzan\ MP 

arzdn ^yzn, } yzn, 'yscWy 
worthy 
GMS 155, 383; BBB p93 

2402 'yjn'wyCy) M ^<J<}J 
ezanawe 

value, price 
GMS 290, 1082 

2403 'yjndy M =» >yzndy, 'yznty 

2404 ( ym M =4 >ym\ >ym (,) , Y- 1 

2405 ( ymy6 M ^J 
ime5 

this 
GMS 1482 

2406 'yn'kwc =» 'yyn'kwc 

2407 ( ync M jj 
i/enc ©ob. pi. -ty ^'ync 

woman 

GMS 20; l yncty, Hen. JRAS 1944, 14321 

2408 >y(y) M -» »yny(y) 

2409 ( ys- M -» »ys- 

2410 { ys M -» >ys 

2411 'yskty(h) M -* } yskth 

2412 ( ysw (() M =4 >ysw 

2413 ( yt- M j*f 
et ®pt. St.; perf. st. 'y/^V- ^'yt-, *yt-, »s 
OcOtake 

GMS 129, 539; BBB; AVS 127 

2414 'ytS'r- '-» 'yd'r- 

2415 *yw M =» >yw, yw 2 

2416 'yw'rSwk M Jj£<^^ 
ew-ar5uk ©<*aiva-ardu-ka ^'yw'rSkw, 

yw } rdq 
sincere 
GMS 154,974 

2417 'yw'rfiwky* M 
ew-arSukya 
sincerity 
GMS 423 

2418 'yw c yw M 
ew-ew *>'yw } yw 
one by one 
BBB 



J&* 



t_^v »A (OmOv 



iSJ 



i La*, 



fhfj> 



'j^^jj 



jUX 



<jjl£j 



c yw c'f 

2419 'yw c'f M 
ew-caf 
several 
GMS 1317, 1588 

2420 ( yw5ptyw M =» >yw 5yPty (,) 

2421 <yw qt'm M 
ew-katam 
each 
GMS 1317 

2422 l yw mywn M 
ew-mayon 
altogether 
GMS 1317 

2423 'ywpVyq M =» , ywp ) r ) yk > 

2424 ( y W p't M 
ew pat ^ywp'tCw) 
once 
BBB f 6 ; GMS 1327 

2425 ( ywsmbyd M 
ew-sambid 
Sunday 
Hen. JRAS 1944, 149.4 

2426 'ywtr M 
ew-tar **ywtr 
onciof several) 
Sogdica. 54,10; GMS 1318 

2427 'yw wsy M 
ew- wise ? ®<*wi0rai A v. oiOra 
lonely 

Sogdica. 25.9; GMS 299 

2428 <ywxw>y- M o^^fu* 
ixway =>yxw>y- 

GcOseparate 

BBB p97 b85 ; GMS 220, 417 
2429 'yyn'kwc M f . 

ena-kuc Oyn'kwc) ^'yn'qwc 
slanderer 

2430'yzdtM ^^,^^0-^0^ 
Izd ( ( yzt) ©ob. -yy =*>yzt 

street, row, two hours (in Manichean 

Cosmology) 
Hen. BSOAS 12, Cosm. 312. 99, n p3ll, 3l6 ; 
GMS 46, BBB 122 
2431 'yzt =* »yzt, ( yzdt 



96 



*j?r (-^ J/ <Ji) 



l*" 



B/b 



2432' b- C=*p- 

2433 p- B.S.M . l4 . 

P (b-, frm 1 , P'tY't, bntsq) =*Pw-, wp-, 
pnt'skwn, p>y'nt, b>zynt, bytyq', b>sq, p>\ p> 2 , 
P'm, P't(y), P>n, by 1 , by 2 , p>y\ py, Py Skwn , ' 
P } ym, P'ymnyy, p>6\ Pnt 3 , p>mk>m, byq>, 
PymkWn, Pntk'm, p>tk>m, byntqn, b>z, bnq\ 
bynt 1 , bntq\ bym 

(to)be, GcObecome 
GMS 787-802; C2 p207 ; AVS 227-9 
2434 -p B.S ^ y 

fa (p><) ®*e wam ©2sg. pers. pron. encl. ->-f^ 
f> 

you, thou 

VJ711 ; MDii;SW,CI, 1991, 178-9 

2435 p>' B 
p/fa =»f» 
and, or 
TSP 13.9; VJ 65> ; Benv. EGSii 173 

2436 p» 

Pa (b> J ) ©3sg. impf. ->p-, p w -, >p> 
GMS 798; C2 p207 ; AVS 227 

2437 p> J 

Pa (b> 2 ) ©2sg. impv. =>p-, pw-, wp>' 
GMS 797; C2 p207 ; AVS 228 

2438 p>< =» -p, p y \ f> 

2439 b' 1 =» p jl 

2440 b ,J *» p> 2 

2441 b'd C =► p>5 ! 

2442 p>5' B,M,S ^^ 
Pa6 (b'd) ©<Av. bada; Parth. W/y^* 
sometimes 

VJ 1345, 1355; TSP 2.424, 450; BSTBL; BBB b60 ; 
Gersh. AHM 206; Anc. Lett. 3.5 ; C2 gloss. 

2443 V* B ofc.u 

Pa5 

place 

TSP 12.6, 16.20 n p224 

2444 p>6 3 

Pa5 ©2pl. pres. subj. =>P- 
AVS 228 



97 



P>r- 



2445 p'5tr B jtif 
PaStar 

sometimes 

Benv. Notesi 31; BSTBL, Vim. 128, 130; GMS 
1285 

2446 b'y C =» p>y l 

2447 p>y' M, C j_L 
pay (b'y) ©pi. -f; ob. -y 

garden 

STi 19.15, 21.9, 10, 12; STii 3.28; BBB 568 

2448 pY M {[^tj&ngjj; 

allotment^) tt 

Hen. Tales. 470, 56 

2449 b'yd'ry C (j'^WJSmOjj^ 
pay-5are ©pi. -/ 

farmer 

GMS 11 36 ; STi 19, 17.21,7, 11, 13 

2450 p>m 

Pam ©lsg. pres. ind. =>p-, wP-, wp } m 
AVS 227 

2451 bW ~» P-, wP-, p»m 



2452 bW C jcw,o(juL 
pam 

dawn, morning 

S W, C2, 17R2, 22R10; BSTii 9142; STi 77.7 

2453 pWk B f U<Jtj 
Pame, fame (p'm'y, P'mk) 

colour 

TSP 3, 19, 32 etc. 22.16; BSTBL; GMS 1113; 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 142 

2454 p> m 'nt B ji±^ 
pamand 

shining 

BSTBL, Dhy. 153 

2455 p> m >stwn M (^yU^tj^ ^J^oy^ 
Pam istun 

Column of Glory(a Manichean god) 
W-Lii; KG 612; Sund. AoF 1979, 100 

2456 p> m >y ^ p> m >k 

2457 p^Pyyy M jUm^ j/ ^Ji) J jJt jU^ oU^jj ^Ua- 

Pam-Pay- ©Parth. Wmyzd 

Great Builder, Builderforte of the Manichaean 

god) 
BBB; W-Lii 



2458 p'mpwst M jiL^tA&A 
Pambust ©MP bambist ^^mpwst 

queen 

Sogdica. 17f; Benv. Titres et Noms Propres. p27 

2459 p'mCh) B, M, S (fU:J^)^j>^jj"-£j 
Pam ©<Av. bama; Parth. MP bam =>P'm>k 
glow, colour 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 138, 142; BSTBL; W-Lii ; Hen. 
LW pl00; Benv. Notesii 228; Sund. MHC 27.7, 
28 n49 

2460 p'mk =» p'm'k 

2461 p>mk ! m 

Pamkam/Panka ©lsg. fut. =»P-, Pw-, wPyk'm 
AVS 227 

2462 b'mqyny' C m ^.<j^.j> 
pamkenya ©f. n. 

splendour 

BSTii 895, 25; S W, C2, 54R25 

2463 p'mkyr'n B 
pam-kiran ©= MP kanarang ©pi. -t 
counsellor 
TSP 6.167; Hen. Texts. 733 

2464 b^n C 
Paman ^dfrmn 
lady 

STii 3.10; GMS 453 

2465 ^msnyCq) C (^jj £ j^Of^x-- oIjuL 
pam-sanik 

dawn, early morning 

STii 3.58; b y msn\ BSTii 856-10; S W, b>msy\ C2, 
22R10 n p59 

2466 p>n S,M 

Pan ©lsg. subj. =»P~, Pw>n 
GMS 789; AVS 228 

2467 b'n C =» P- 

2468 p'n'w- B jajJ 
Panau ©<*abi-a^nav-; fnav- ©impf. 

^'Pn'w- 

(to)tremble 

VJ 1001; GMS 576 

2469 pV B, S j, 
par ©Yaghn. vor 

load 

SCE 341 ; MDii;MSP bl05 

2470 p>r 2 B -j'j-o'j- 
par (L*p»r) ^P^k 



wli- cy\i 



pVk 



98 



b>ry, p'ryh, P>r\ 



JlJ*. *j>J* 



^j'. 



rider, riding 

VJ 3l7 ; GMS902n 1 

2471 pVk B, S 
Pare ©MP b>rg; Khwar. fi } rk 

P>rch 
mounted, riding animal 
TSP 13, 10, 16, 17, 18; BSTBL, Vim. 83 ; /?Vvv, VJ 

133 n p91 ; TSP 17.23; Bugut. Insc. B2.13 

2472 pVkcyk B *fj>*tfjj~ 
Parecik (P'r'ycyk^) =»P } rycyk/q 

riding animal 

BBB 489 ; VJ 985, 1171; GMS 1017; TSP 13ii, 15; 
KG 360; -w ; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.39 

2473 p'r»w B =* p>r>k 

2474 p>r>xs- S => b'rxs- 

2475 pVycyk ' B, S -> p>r>kcyk 

2476 pVp'rk B 
par-Pare (Pr>Pry) 
porter, fruitful 
SCE 342-, GMS 1133 

2477 p'rch S 
pare ©ob. -yh -^P'r'k 
riding horse 
MDii B-9, 157, lln pl59 

2478 pVcyk S 
parcik 
heavy 
Frag. Len. 88.1 

2479 p'ryn B 
f(a)rayn (Prynh) =»pryn\ fryn (>) , Pryn> 
mark 

TSP 2.1159 

2480 p'rYwfin B JuiUjL-i ^jjb 
par-yoSan =$*y>v/§ 

(a kind o/)drug, (a kind o/)pomade 
TSP 3.172, 197 

2481 p>rp»k B 
parpe ? (Prp'y, P>rp>y) 
dung, excrement 

SCE 158, 239, 370; GMS 1103; BSTBL, Dhy. 1; 
MSP b24, 87 

2482 pVp'y =» P , rp , k 

2483 P'rp'ymync B ^yju jl <^yju ^o^T 
Parpe-menc 

(from) dung 
TSP 2.962 n p225 



u^~" 



**$&■ i<j\Jj 



t^ 



2484 b*rxs- C j^lxl <lp/v^> t 
Paraxs (p'r'xs-) ©impf. =>Pr*xs- 

(ro)shoot 

BSTii 827.44; C2, 94V 14 n pl76; MSP bl55 

2485 b'ry C j^ 
pare ©pi.-/ =*P'r>k 

rider 

BSTii 890.60; C2, 60V 28 

2486 bVycyq C =» P'rycyk/q 

2487 pVycyk/q M v^^j'jk- 
Parecik (b»rycyq) ©pi. -/ ^P^kcyk 

riding animal 

BBB 489; Hen. JRAS 1944 n 1; C2, 77R5 

2488 pVyh M •J**<J** 
pare ^b'ry, p'r'k 

mounted 
BBB 489 

2489 p's'kh B => P>z> 

2490 b'sq C 

Pasok ©3sg. impf. dur. -*0- 
GMS 798; AVS 227 

2491 p>5'm- B f S j^J 
fas5m ©impf. ^'ps'rn-, fs'm-, ps'm ?, Ps'm- 
0o)send 

GMS 617; Benv. Notesii 225; CII 1990 p82 

2492 b'syq M ^J^jj- 
pasik ©<Parth. b y ?h ^p'sy'k 

hymn 

BBB 685, 732; GMS 44 

2493 pVk B J^-j^^jj 
Pate (p>t>y) ®Sba- 

glow 

TSP 228.12 n p235 

2494 p»t'y -» P't'k 

2495 pVyr- B ^if 
fatsr ? ©impf. =* } ptyr-, pt>r- 

0o)pass, (fo)cross 

GMS 617; Frag. 2a.23 ; TSP 2.138 

2496 p'ty't => p- 

2497 p'tk'm 

Pat-kam (pw't) ©3sg. fut. subj. =»p-, pw-, 

wp- 
GMS 800; AVS 228 

2498 p'trync- M frf^fj* 
Patrenc ©impf. =>ptr'ync- 

0<?)suppress 



99 



p , z> 



^i J > <^L>J 



■i^*J 't,^ 1 ' ^ -/=-" 



0-C-^ 



iV 



Sogdica. 43.11; GMS 619 

2499 p»t(y) 
pat (pw>t) ©3sg. subj. =*p-, pw-, wP»t, wP- 
GMS 799; AVS 228 

2500 pHv 1 B 
Paw 
near 
VJ 830; Benv. Notesiv 511 

2501 pV B 
Paw 

satisfaction, satiefy 
SCE 290 

2502 pW B, M, S , 
paw (b'w- 1 ) ^b'wd^- 
0o)approach > (fo)reach 

GMS 573; TSP 2.995, 1001, 1009, 1024; Anc. 
Lett.; MSP; Frag. Len. 25.3 ; C2 gloss.; STi 52.3 

2503 p } w- 3 B ^ly ,03^15 
Paw =*b>w- 2 

(to)bc able 

TSP 13.3; S W, HJ 1976 p58 

2504 bW C ■* P'w- 1 

2505 b*w- J C d>y*x.>.*, tQj^fJti ipzj'^i 
Paw *>p»w- 1 

(rc)suffice 

GMS 997; BSTii 827.58: C2, 94V 28 

2506 p'wey B JJJ<jj>> 
pawci ? 

sufficiency 

TSP 2, 676, 1184; BSTBL, Dhu. 209; GMS 1006 

2507 pVcyk B, M j\f 
Pawcik (b'wcyq) 
sufficient 
TSP 3265; BSTBL, Vim. 177; GMS 1014; BSTi 

157 

2508 b J wcyq C =» P'wcyk 

2509 b'wd'r- C 
PawSar ©trans, pret. ^P'w- 1 
(fcOapproach 
STi 52.3; GMS 573.877 n 2 

2510 bHvnyqCw) C 
Pawnik 
sufficient 

GMS 997; STi 8.12; Sund. AoFi 1974, 252; 
AoFviii 1981 p214 

2511 bNvwny C Wy< ^ 



ox^^S^ 



. J > 



J\f tolj J 



Pawwane (bwwny) ©pres. pp. 

sufficient, able 

GMS 1087 ; S W, C2, 31V29, 40R8, 11 n p77.29 

2512 p>xs =» pxs- 

2513 py 

Pe ©2&3sg. opt. =>p~, wPy(y) 1 , Pw-, w0- 
GMS 801; AVS 228 

2514 py 

pay ©inf. =*p- 

2515 bym =» by>m- 

2516 <pynt 

Pend ©3pl. opt. =»P-, wp'ynd, Pw-, wp- 
GMS 801 

2517 p>y>p- B x^j 
payap ©impf. ^Py'pt-, ^p 

(breach 

VJ 743 n p94 ; Hen. BSOAS 12.309, Benv. "to 
follow" 

2518 p>yc B J^^ 
Pec =»Pyc 

physician 

TSP 6.186, 187, JFycyw ? 8.105 n p216 

2519 p>ym 

Pern ©lpl. pres. subj. *=»P- 
GMS 799; AVS 228 

2520 p'ymnyy 

Pennine ? ©lpl. pres. opt. =>P-, wP^mOn) 
GMS 799, 721 fn 1 ; Anc. Lett, ii, 99 

2521 p»yp>6 B o*> t 
Pe-pa5 ©pi. -t . 

barefoot 

VJ 1092; Gersh. Locust's leg 83 

2522 p'ywn- B o^/^tj^ 
piyon, piwan, pewan ? ©<*abiwaina- 

=>Py } wn- 
(r<?)foresee 
VJ 820; GMS 434 n 2, fiion 

2523 b>z 

Paz ©3sg. impf. =»P~, Pw- 
AVS 229; C2 gloss. 

2524 p'z «* b>z 

2525 pV M jji 
paza(k) (P'z'kh, p>z>yt, p>s>kh) ©<*baza~ka; 

Skt. bahu; Av. bdzu ©pi. fiazet 
arm 
GMS 971, 1268; Benv. Et. Oss. 64-8; TSP 6.82 n 



i\ 



mmmmm ^^^ mt 



P'z'kh 

p204 ; Hen. Texts. 732; KG 373 

2526 p>z>kh B => p>z> 

2527 pVyt -» fl'z* 

2528 b'zyd- C =* P'zy5- 

2529 P'zyS- S Oj^jIj- 
pazya5 (b'zyd-) ©impf. =>PzyS- 
(to)mount 

VJ 855; TSP 13.27; BSTii 880.5; C2, 77R5 

2530 p>zy B 0=^-'-?' 
Pazay ©impf. ^Pz'y- 

OcOincrease 

TSP 2.187 

2531 b'zynt 

pazant ®3pL impf. =»p- 

GMS 801; AVS 229; b>znt % C2, 60 R29 

2532 -pc S (ojby jl^y 
fac =»-p 

(from)you, (of)you 

Anc. Lett. 3.5, 4.3; GMS 1358 

2533 pdnpSCS) B, M o^r 
f(o)canpa6 (pcnpS) ©ob. -y -^Pc'npSCS), 

fc»np5, >fcmb5(8) 
world 
TSP 15.18; STii 9.8; BSTBL, Dhy. 15; W-Li, 

bc*np6- 

2534 pcnp5 =* , Pc , np5(5) 

2535 pcyryn'k B o/^-Ul 
P(o)zirene =»'pjyr ( ync, Pz'yr'yn'k, pjyrnyh 
diamond like 

BSTBL, Padm. 16 

2536 p8»nh B 0Up o LjI 
PiSan ©<abi-dana-, aiwi-dana-> Oss. (w)idon; 

Parth. widdn ^PyS'n 
bridle 
BSTBL, Dhu. 166; GMS 90; Benv. Et. Oss. 13 

2537 pS'ymtyh B =» 'pS'ymtyh 

2538 p5>yn>k S «/<£> 
(o)pSene ©Parth. >bdyn; MP even(ag) 

kind, sort 

KG 379; Hen. TPS 1944, 110 

2539 pS>ys B J±><^_h 
f(a)8es (f6ys) ©<*fra-daisa- -^'pS'ys, p8'ys 
vision 

TSP 6.1, 5 ; Benv. Etii 123 



100 



2540 pS'yz- B u^liji Oju^- 
Ps8ez ©<*abi-darzaya~; Parth. abdarz; Yaghn. 
* bidez- =»p5ystk, p5>yz>k 

(ro)cover, (fo)wrap 
BSTBL, Dhu. 22, 286 

2541 p5 , yz , k B t >j^^ i jJ, y _ 
Po6eze, PiSezak =»p5 > yz- 

coating, covering 
TSP 3.180, 196 n pl97 

2542 p5ystk B •j^^«ju* =i 
PoSiste ? ©<*abi-drsta; fdarz-, Yaghn. bidizta 

©pp. ^p5 } yz- 
wrapped 
SCE 341; BSTBL, Dhu. 285; GMS 149A 

2543 Py- B, M, S (oy^»* jj)vU^«Li* JJ-r ^Jj^. 
paY (bY-) ©<baga ©nom. ob. -y(yh ace. -w; 

voc. inst. abl. ->; pi. fir y n, fiY h) yst =>PY*yst 
God, Lord, king, sir, excellency 
GMS 1168, 1177; Hen. BSOAS 1965, 245; fix, 

STii 10.21 

2544 bY- C -* Py- 

2545 PY w n B, M, S ( JU,)uIIj^ 
PaYan (PY J n(h)) ©<bagandm ©gen. pi. 

^pY'n 1 
gods 
VJ 1469, 1443; Hen. ZDMG 1936, 197; fiT'nw, 

BSTBL, Dhy. 173; Anc. Lett. 2.2, 4.2 

2546 PY H n pYtm B, M (uk lj ^ jiJ lj ^) ^J-^ d-^ 
PYtan pY/xtm (PY'nCy) PYtm) 

god of gods 

GMS 254, 1295; VJ 1469, 1472 etc.; SCE 254; 
BSTBL, Padm. 64, 70 

2547 PY w ny BRY S ( jUj^ ^)j>y- 
PaYane-pis(e) 

husband 

Anc. Lett. 3.1; S W, C2 p96 



2548 pfn 1 B, M, S 



jUj 



PaYan ©baganam ©gen. pL =*PY*n 
gods 

VJ 17, 1396; -h, VJ 1443 ace. pi. fiY>nw, Anc. 
Lett. 3.2, 5.4 

2549 Py^ 2 B jUil<jW 

f^Y^n, ofYan ^'PY'n 
lament 
TSP 2.91 



101 



Pyk^yc 



jlU>- jj^ 



»Py'n MLK> 



2550 py'n'nywn M jUj^ju;U<4^^U^<jIj^U^ 
Payan-anyon 

god like 

GMS 1113 ; BBBf62 

2551 py'n 'xsyya M 

Payan-axsa6 (Py^ysyS) 

lord of the gods 

GMS 1189; H?n. Tales. 485 ; W-Li 

2552 py'n'yk' B t S (jj> >^ ^)j'j^ v^^- ,J ^ 
Payanik (by'nyq, py'n'ykh) ©Parth. baganig 

©ace. -w ^Py'nyk ' 

divine 

GMS 997, 1042; VJ 15, 92; TSP 7.9, 5.102, 103, 

10.4; SCE 501, 558; KG 512, 533; Frag. Len. 

57.13,71.13 

2553 py'n'ykh -» Py , n>yk> 

2554 py'n'ysp S(M) £l>>ji^Ui~ ju^<^iu x^ 
payanysp ? =»by J nyps 

god's tiding, marriage 

Hen. Tales. 486.7 n 1; Hen. BSOAS 1965, 242 

2555 py'nysya B -» Py>n J xsyy5 

2556 pY } n(h) => Py'n 

2557 py>n MLK> B 
Payan-xutaw =»py J n 'xsyy6 
king of the gods 
Frag. 4.3; BSTBL, Dhy. 173 

2558 by>npsqty C ^^ 
payan-pis-kote ^Py'ny pskt>k 
marriage, wedding 

STi 39.4 ; Hen. BSOAS 1965, 242-7 

2559 pY»n(y) pytm B => py»n Pytm 

2560 by'nyq C => Py'nyk^ 

2561 PY>nyk w B, M (^)^ I^U^ 
Payanik (by^yq) ^PyWyk* 

divine 

GMS 997, 1042; BSTBL, Dhy. 47, 174, 287; Intox. 

h Hen. Tales. 480.8; STi 19.10 etc.; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p214-, STii 3.57, 38, 4.16; BSTi 67 

etc.; C2 gloss. -> ; -w, Hen. Tales. 480.8; 

pr'nyyk, Hen. Cosm. 307, 51 

2562 by'nyps C M ^ jj ^ <CfclJ^ fi» j-> ^->Ub 

Payane-pis ^PyWysp 

bridegroom 

BSTii 884.17: C2, 48V20 n p95-6: Benv. JA 1955, 



OlfjLs- eU* 



cb>J 



312; Sund. AoFi 1974, 226 ; Hen. BSOAS 1965, 
247 

2563 py'ny pskVk S j*J'l^<jjJ'jUh tj^-d^M* 

(-r-d iS f ~# lT^ X *i 

Payane-piskate ^by'npsqty 
god's tiding, wedding 

STi 39.14; Hen. Tales. 486 n 1 ; Hen. BSOAS 
1965, 247 "baga-union making" 

2564 by'nyspqty C ^^^^ 
Payanespkote ? ^PyWysp 

feast, marriage feast 

BSTii 884.18 ; C2, 48V21; Benv. JA 1955, 312 

2565 py>nyyk M => Py>nyk (,) 

2566 py'ptyc M J**<^<>*- 
Pay(a)patic (Pyyptyc) ©*baga- pati ? 
divine 

BBB b71 ; Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 141 ; Hen. Talcs. 
476.19 

2567 PY'yst M n B, S ji=_jJ *jUjl>- J^ <c~i# 
Paycstan (Pyyyst'n) ©loc. -yh ^pyyst'n, 

byyst'n, PyyWn 
god's place, paradise 
GMS 122, 1118 ; TSP 2597, 1022, 1138; : 18, 33; 

Frag. Len. p94 

2568 py'yst B jUj^ 
Payist ©pi. =^Py-, Pyyst, Pyyct 

gods 

SCE 4; VJ 907, 1005, 1112; TSP 5, 6, 68 ; STii 

1045; BSTBL, Intox. 4, Padm. 51; Frag. Len. ob. 

flrysty; VJ 98; TSP 2.395; fix'ysu STii 8.6, 

10.45 

2569 pySVk B ( j5U-)ju^«1^-. >t 
Pay-5ane ©<*baga-ddna ©ace. -u> 

temple 

cxwS/ir&ny, Hen. BSOAS 1956, 367 n3, 

"synagogue"; TSP 2, 501, 555, 561, 563; Hen. 

Texts. 720; prS y n>kw, TSP 2.550 

2570 py5pryt B =* PypSry 

2571 byq'nc C ** Pyk>nc 

2572 pyk'nc M (Jt^r^j^olf^^^JL-^uAaU 
Payakanc (byq'nc) ^Pyk'nyc 

seventh month of the year 

Hen. BSOAS 1965, 250; GMS 28, 250; STii 1.19 

2573 pyk'nyc S JU ^J* „U ijf^A 
Payakanic ^Pyk'nc 

seventh month of the year 



Pymyc 



102 



( Jj^)JjkS ]j ^- '^J-^ 



MDii; MDiii A10.9 

2574 pymyc M 
Paymec 

divine, (of) god 
GMS 1103 

2575 pyn- M x^^€^^^ 
payn, Payan ©<*bagina ©nom. -yy ; ace. -w% 

abl. - J ; loc. -y 

temple 

GMS 165, 509, 1183; BBB; Hen. Tales. 473, 42; 
C2, 25R23, 25V n p62; Sund. AI 28, 1988, 180 

2576 pyn J k B c^Jm^, 
Payne ©*bagna-ka~ y Khwar. ^/w'jk; Oss. 

bdxndg =*byny 
naked 
SCE 385; Prolexis. 256 

2577 pynpt'nch B o*lT<oj JV=r 
Payn-patanc 

sorceress 

SCE 250, 252 

2578 pynpt(w) B, S (oU-^jaIT «/^U 
payn-pat(u) 

sorcerer, priest 

Anc. Lett. 1.10; SCE 255; Hen. BSOAS 28.250; 
MDii pl70.5 

2579 pynwy(y) M (>^-^)>*U 
Pay-nawe ©abl. -nw ) =^pyynwy(y) 

new moon 

GMS 1964; BBB ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 138 n 2, 146 

2580 byny C <ca^ 
Payne (Pyny) ©pi. -t =»Pyn'k 

naked 

Sogdica. 39.22; STi 27.12, 18; Sund. AI 28, 1988, 
180 

2581 pyny M ** byny 

2582 pyp>wr B, M, S j/>p)j>u9 ^IjIji^ ««jljAli 

Paypur (Pypwr) ©<baga~pu0ra- y <Parth. 

bagpuhr =^Pypsyy, Pyp5ry 
prince, god's son 
TSP 8.166; BSTBL, Intox. 34 ; BBB; Anc. Lett. 2, 

26; GMS 1276 

2583 pypSry B •jIjaUJj^^ 
pay-poOre, Pay-pase, Pay-pisi ©Skt. devaputra 

©pi. PYdpryt ? 
prince, god's son 



TSP 7.29, 34 

2584 pypsyh =¥ Pypsyy 

2585 Pypsyt M Ij^ j^ 
Pay-poset (Pyspsyt) ©pi. fiYpsyt 

god's sons 

Hen. Tales. 476.9 i 

2586 Pypsyy M <^>Jj^^ 
Pay-pase (Pypsyh) ©pi. -i ^pyp'wr 

god's son 

Tales. 476, 9 n 1; GMS 1067, 1666; Hen. BSOAS 
12 ; Cosm. 312, 80; BBB 579 

2587 pypwr M, S =» pypNvr 

2588 pypwr'yc M jV)^ j ^ ((^x,)ii^ >j 

Paypuric, Paypurec (Pypwryc) =»pwryc 
god's daughter, Divine Virgin 
GMS 1276; BBB 579 

2589 pypwr'yst M ^ui, ^^li^**** o& j^*y 
pay- purist (Pypwryst) ©pi. ^Pypwr'yc 
Divine Virgins 

BBB 579; GMS 26, 1276-, KG 605 

2590 pypwr stny B &~*jy>&ijy&(jj^' )*>&=? 
paypur-stane 

China, {country <?/)Faghfur 
TSP 8 ; Hen. Texts. 763 

2591 pypwryc =* Pypwryc 

2592 pypwryst =* Pypwryst 

2593 pys- B, S o^J'jj^ <j.>b io<>~*> 
Paxs ©Shag-, baxsa =*Pxs- 

(ro)offer, 0o)give 

VJ ; TSP 2.588, 3.206; BSTBL; MDii; GMS 551; 

Hen. AION 1959, 35; 3sg. impf. fi'xl Frag. 

Len. 48.1 

2594 pyspsyt =» Pypsyt 

2595 pyt— B ^^ij^y <o^ ioXJ^v 
Payd/t ©pt. st. =»prbyt- 

(ro)give, OcOdivide 

GMS 925; inf. pYty, VJ 36; fiTtw, Frag. Len.; 

perf. st. fiYtw&r, VJ. 25 e , 7 d , 503 etc.; fiYttw 

<5V-, VJ 236 

2596 pytm B, M, S y.J^J-^ 
Payt/dam (Pxtm) ©<*baga-tama =»py*n Pytm 
most divine, godliest 

TSP 15.17; Frag. Len. p94 ; GMS 254, 164 

2597 pytmynch B L^o>jf<^J-^ 
Payt/damenc 



103 



pjyss- 



(oa-^». 



'ij^Ji 



j_ r jz=^'$s>\ 



-)'**'•*>■ <oi ,a ^ 



►byy'qy' 



(/rc/n)god 

TSP 2.1133, 1189 

2598 -pytw B => trPyt 

2599 pyty S 
Payde ©pp. 
presented, offered 
Hen. Talcs. 475.230 

2600 pyw5 m 
P(a)yo5, PoyoS <&^*abi-gauda 
(a sort <?/)covering 
Sogdica. 31.11; Gharib. AI 4253 

2601 pyy 'ysywny S 

Paye/i axsewane Oysywny 'PcmpS'k) 

=» } ysywn } k, 'xsywnCy), 'ysywny 
His Magesty 
Karab. Insc. 

2602 pyy'q =» pyy'kCh) 

2603 PYy } k(h) M, S 
Payyak (Pyy'q) ©*baga-yakd 
divine 

BBB b43 ; GMS 1110, 1499; KG 418, 548, 636; 
W-Lii; Frag. Lcn. 34.2 

2604 byy>qy> C ^'J***^*- 
Payyakya ©f. n. ^Pyy'kdi) 

divinity, godhead 

C2, 12V17; STii 3.16; GMS 1111 

2605 pyy'st'n B (jLJm- J^)jL-oJ 
©Payestan =»pY } yst*n 

place of the gods 

TSP 8.36; BSTBL, Padm. 12, -w, Dhy. 76 

2606 pyyct S jLIj^ 
Payist =^PY } yst 

gods 

Afr.Insc. Livsic. AOH 1972, 79 n 8 

2607 pyynwy(y) M (>^/-^)>U 
Paye-nawe =*Pynwy(y) 

new moon 

Hen. JRAS 1945, Fasts. 146 

2608 pyyptyc S ^ Py'ptyc 

2609 pyyst'n B jlU^*&>*<c^ 
Payestan (Pyyys^n) ©ace. -w; ob. -y(h) 

^Py'yst'n 
paradise, abode of the gods 
SCE 197; BSTBL, Padm. 26; TSP 2.1135; VJ 1001, 

1006, ~y- BSTBL, Intox. 4 ; Hen. Tales. 473.41 



2610 byyst'n C 



<**j*^j 



alS. ..-I— * -> <(ju«ju 



Payi/estan 
monastery 
STii 3.32' 

2611 pyyst'ncyk B ^l* 
Payestanclk ©pi. -/; ob. pi. ~ty 

{related /#)paradise 

GMS 1014; VJ 1005; BSTBL, Padm. 49 

2612 pyyst B, M, S (j^ >^ jj) jbljii- 
Payist (byyst) ©ob. pi. -y(y) ^Py'yst, Pyyct 
gods 

TSP 25.3; Frag. Len. ; BBB e25 b46 ; KG 2359, 
517 ; MSP; C2 gloss.; BSTi 189; bYystU Hen. 
Tales. 473.84 

2613 byyst C =» Pyyst 

2614 pyyy bwty M \ Aj! J3 J, 
Paye Pute, payi bwti ? 

Lord Buddha 

Benv. JA 1959, 124; BBB p752 

2615 pyyyst'n M => Py'yst'n 

2616 bhl C £L 
pahl, baxl ©OP baxtri 

Balkh 
STii 1.31 

2617 pj- M (c>)ja ( x 
Po/e/iz ©nom. ob. fljy(y) =^Pj-, Pyj-, pz- 
bad, pain 

GMS 179, 379, 570; Talcs. 473.29 

2618 pj J w- M jj/jL j( j^>I 
P(o)zaw ©<OP abi-jdvaya—, Parth. abgaw-\ 

MP abzay- ©trans, v. ^'Pz'w-, Pjy- 
OcOincrease 
GMS 90, 264 

2619 pj'wq M (<Sly>)c^± 
P(o)zuk, P^zuk ©<*fi?zdxuk 

miserable 

Hen. Tales. 470.60 

2620 *pj } xw M w^ju 
P(o)zaxu ©^flyj+axu ^bz'xwq 

miserable 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 140 

2621 pj^wty'h M jz** 
p(o)zaxutya (Pz'ywtyO ^Pj'xwty'h 

misery 

BBB p90 a9 b 61; GMS 391, 1070 

2622 pj>y- =» , pz ) y- 

2623 pjy55- M o^j'j- 




w 



pjynd(-) 

P(9)zya6 ©<*abi-zgad =»Pjyst-, Pzy5-, biyd- 

Go)mount 

GMS 376 

2624 pJYnd(-) M o^JfisJj- 
P(3)zyand ©inf. 

mounting, riding 
GMS 342 n 1 ; BBB 509 

2625 pjyst- M O-^jl^ 
P(o)zyast ©pt. St.; inf. -y ->Pjy65-, Pz'yst- 
0<?)mount 

BBB 508; GMS 586, 860 

2626 pjn>(h) M c^o^ 
f/p(a)zna ? ©<*fra-/abi~ jna ? Av. xsna-, Skt. 

abhijna =>jn' r 
mark, sign 
Sogdica. 48.1; GMS 264 

2627 pjng'rystr M jijj^jt^jijj^^ 
Pozangarcstar ©pi. -t 

most sinful 

GMS 1289; Hen. BSOAS 12, 312.115 

2628 pjng'ryy M j£* y 
P(o)zangarc (Pjnng'ryy) -^Pjng'ry, bzng'ry 
sinful 

GMS 1126; BBB 662; pi. JSjnnVrt, BBB 520, GMS 
48 n 1 

2629 pjnngVyy *» Pjng'ryy 

2630 pjy- M O-^J'jy. to^djjt 
Pozay ©intrans. v. ^'Pz'w-, Pj } w-, 'Pz'y- 
(fo)grow 

BBB; GMS 187; W-Lii 

2631 pjyk M J&j'JJ*, 
Pozik 

bad, sinful 

GMS 994; BBB bl4, 19 ell 

2632 pjyrnyh M j/ ^Ul «^UI 
P(a)zirne ^Pz'yr'yn'k, Pcyryn'k, 'Pjyr'ync, 

pz>yrn>k 
(made o/)diamond 
GMS 171, 1058 

2633 pjyy M =* Pj- 

2634 bqp'r C =* byqb'r 

2635 bn C ^oLp 
P/pan =^pn 

long 

C2, 12R9, 31V27; Benv. JA 1955, 319; S W, C2, n 
p55.9 

2636 -pn B, M, S IjU^Li^Li 
fan ©Khwar. fn ©2pl. encl. pers. pron. ace. & 

ob. =*-fn, -tn\ snVyw 



104 



you 



TSP 2 ; VJ ; BSTBL; Frag. Len. ; GMS 138l ; MDii; 
S W, TPS 1994, 179 

2637 pn w s =» Pn>s 

2638 pn'j- M CMi>J 
P(o)naz ©<*abi-naj- ^n\j- 

(ro)stumble 

Hen. Sogdica. 31.3; GMS 877n 1 

2639 pn's B ^Li^uf 
fnas (Pn*s) ©<*fra-nasa =*pn'ys-, fn } s 

sin, corruption 
TSP 2.256, 315, 5.34 

2640 pn } w- S o±jJ 
Ponaw, aPnaw (bn } w-) ^pn'w- 
Go)trcmble 

Sund. MSP p43; S W, C2 pl49, 20 

2641 bn'w- C =» pn'w- 

2642 pn'ys- B ^/xJaiC^/^j^ 
f(o)nes ©<*fra-ndsaya; OP vi~na0aya- 

=»fnys- 
(^corrupt 
TSP 2.1115; Frag. 5.7; AVS 227 

2643 pnd' M Olxj«x< 
Pa/ond -»Pnt\ Pynt- 

prison 

GMS 107, 527, 957 

2644 pnd J M =» Pnt 2 

2645 bnd'm C -> pnd>m 

2646 pnd'm M oljU* ij£ t*~x 
Pandam (bnd'm) =»mrc Pnd } m, Pnt } m 
punishment 

BBB 646; GMS 1094 

2647 pndktyc M jlj ^U- < jlxj 
pand-katic ? =»Pntkt>k 

prison 

GMS 1010; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 147 ; BBB 
b75 

2648 pndy(h) M *ju 
Pande ©<bandaka =*Pnt } k, Pynd- 

servant, slave 

GMS 107, 283; BBB b87 

2649 bnq> C 

©1 sg. fut. =*P-, pw- 
C2, 48R3 

2650 pns B (jii.-JL^^JL 
fons ©<*brsa-, Av. bardsa-, Pahl. bus-, Arm. bars 
mane 

GMS 345; TSP 19.21 n p232 ; Gersh. AHM 170 



105 



pr»mt(wh) 



2651 pnt 1 B, S -k*-^ 
(3and (bnt 1 ) ©Yaghn. vant ©ace. -w; pi. -ff 

bond, fetter 

TSP 9.115, 129; SCE 362; BSTBL, Dhu. 202; Frag. 

Len. 46.16; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138; C2 gloss.; 

flnth, MSP bl04 

2652 pnt J B, S 

Pand (Pnd\ bnr) ©3pl. pres.; ind. & subj. & 

impf. =>P- t Pw-, wPnd 
GMS 787, 795, 798, 799; AVS 227-8 

2653 pnt 3 S <=«, 
Pand 

parcel r 

Anc. Lett. 5.8-, Hen. BBB f28 

2654 bnt' C =» pnt 1 

2655 bnt 2 C -» Pnt 3 

2656 pnt'k B, M, S (j>> -r ^- ^Ojij&u*. <*x, 
pandc (Pntk) ©OP bandaka- ©zee. ft nt Jew-, 

pi. /tory =>bnty, pndy(h) 
servant, slave 
SCE 341, 373; VJ ; BSTBL, Vim. 63; TSP 8.191; 

MDii; Anc. Lett. 2.35, 7.1; Hen. Tales. 486.11; 

Frag. Len. 31.2, fintkw 

2657 pnt'm B jf *<~? 
Pandam (bnt'm) ©ob. -y ^Pnd'm 
punishment 

VJ 1384 n p98 ; BSTi A 12; STii 2.2, 3 

2658 bnt'm C =* Pnt'm 

2659 pnt»skwn 

Pand skun ©3pL pres. dur. «>P- 
GMS 795; AVS 227 

2660 pntk B =» pnt>k 

2661 bntq> 
©3pl. fut. 

C2, 23V24, 48R11, 69V20 

2662 pntk'm 

pandka(n) ©3pl. fut. =»P- 
GMS 796; AVS 227 

2663 pntkt'k B («u5^u,) jIjuj 
Pand-kate (bntqty) ©abl. bntqO =*Pndktyc 
prison 

SCE 33; BSTii 842.17, 862.5: C2 glossy Sund. 
AoFviii 1981 p214 

2664 bntqty C =* Pntkt'k 

2665 pntp^k B jLoUj 
Pand- pase =»bntypy 



warder 
SCE 362. 

2666 bntsq =» p-, pw- 

2667 pnty S =» bnty 

2668 bnty C J&sj^^ 
Pande (pnty) ©pi. -u ob. pi. -ry ; voc. bnt y 
servant, slave 

STi 8.11, 45.7; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214 ; STii 6.8; 
BSTi 130 etc.; BSTii; C2 gloss.; bnt\ STi 47.6; 
C2, 22R7; bntyu STii 4.25, 3.28 ; bntyty, STi 
39.6; C2, 23V28-, CII, 1990 p82 



2669 bntypy C 

Bande pay ^Pntp's'k 
jailer, gaoler 
C2, 22R11 

2670 bnwqc C 
panukc ? ^PnNv- 
trembling, terror 
C2, 69R20n pl49 

2671 pr- B, M, S (u>>>- 



( jG-i-j)jl»Of-^j 



~3'J>*J 



;->)a>^,5 jl^ < j->jj ' <0->^ 



'J J 



par (br-) ©<*bara; Yaghn. var- =>Prt-, Pyr- : 

»Pr- 
0o)bear, OcObring, OcOcndurc 
GMS 492, 515; VJ ; AVS 102 

2672 br- C =» Pr- 

2673 pr»k B fc>«jj£ 
' frak ©<*fraka-, Yaghn. firok ^pr'k 1 

morning, tomorrow 

TSP 8.130, 147, 5.78; VJ 91, 867 

2674 pi^k'nyz'k B ^j> 
frak-anxaze 

fox, early-riser 
SCE 307; BBB 697 

2675 pr H mc- B jjjjTjj^U 
fram(u)c ©impf. =»Pr*mcn-, pr*mc-, f^mync- 

(to)undress 

VJ646 ; S W, C2pl22, 22 

2676 ppmen- B ojjjTjj^-U 
fram(u)cn ©*framunc-, *fra-mucn; Parth. 

frdmoz; MP framoz; <*fra-munc =»Pr*mc-, 

pr*mc-, f r'mync- 
OcOundress 
SCE 218; GMS 327 

2677 pr w mt(wh) B tej^olj «j\j\J 
Pramt(u) ^P^mty* 

prosperous 



TSP 6.158 n p206 

2678 pr^n B =* |3r>n 

2679 pr M s B jS 
fras =*pr's 

punishment 

SCE 476; TSP 2.365, 1169; VJ 827 

2680 pr w t =» prH 

2681 prVnt B uU^p<0'jj> 
Prazand ©MR br y z-, Khwar. Wz-% A v. brdz- 

-^br'z-, Pr'zndtyy 
shining 
BSTBL, Dhy. 212 

2682 pr M zyntk B * J*=i,«jujj> 
Praz(a)nde, Prazonde =»Pr'zndtyy 

burning, ablaze 

BSTBL, Intox. 3; GMS 1068 

2683 pr>pry M =» p > rp ) rk 

2684 p r >cp- S ? o^ 
fracap ? ©impf. 

Oppress ? 

KG pl81, 593, 3pl. impf. ->/if 

2685 pr'y'z- B O^^j^o^jUT 
frayaz (PrY'z-) ^prYz-, frYz-, pry'z-, fr'y'z- 
(/o)begin 

TSP 5.87; SCE 261; ; 27 ; Frag. 2a.l5 ; GMS 325 

2686 pr J Ys- B, S o^ 
Praxs (PrYS-) ©<Av. barzg 

(to)prdisc 

TSP 14.19; VJ 1012; Hen. Tales. 487 n 2 



2687 pr'Ys- B 



^C 1 



J 4-" t *-i>-ljjl j^J 



Praxs ©*fra-axsa (Mack.); abi-raxsa (Benv. 

&Gersh.) ; Oss. raxsin =»Pr } xs-, b'rxs-, brxs-, 

prYS- 
(^)shoot 
VJ 251, inf. ->j ; SCE 226 n p38, 22R; Gersh. IF 

1970 ; Benv. TSP 2.1041; Benv. Et. 1.299 

2688 pr>k' B,S ( c ^)b>« J j C ^ 
frak =*Pr»k, fr'k, Pr>k } y5 

early morning, the next day 
-w>, VJ 79 n p91 ; TSP; Frag. Len. 40.16; KG 559; 
pr*kw, TSP 17.20 

2689 p r V B „ U^ 
Pare ©Khwar. flrk ©ace. -w =»pr>y 

fruit 

TSP 2.223 ; BSTBL, Vim. 80; -w, TSP 6.113, fir'w, 



Frag. Len. 38.9, 12, 21; prw, 84 a 9, 86.7 

2690 -pr J k . B (J 3 :<jCU; -u^-^ljb t*jjj* u>xj> 
Pare ©<*-baraka ©suff. 

bearing, porter 

TSP 3.50 n pl94 ; GMS 1132 

2691 pr'k'yS B J^jjj*^«jj 
fra-ke5 ©adv. ^Pr'k 1 

early, the next day 

GMS 1109, TSP 2.582-, Hen. Texts. 734 

2692 pr'k^ncyk B ^jIjuU o'jIjuL «(^w9 
frakencik ©adj. ^PrV, fr'kcynyy 

morning, of morning 
TSP 2.1162 n pi 84 

2693 br'qcny C ^jIjU, «t&w> 
frakcanc ? ^fr'kcynyy 

morning 
Sund. KG pl8l 

2694 pr'nity* B ^j&'JJJ 
Pramtya -»Pr»mt(wh) 

prosperity 

TSP 11.29 np206 

2695 pr>n B ^^ 
fran (Pr*n) ©*frana; Yaghn. firon =*fr B n 
breath 

TSP 2.397, 778, 806, 886, 5.54, 9.142; SCE 104 

2696 -pr'n B, M ( ,jcL XyS)*xJ» 
paran ©posse, suff. =»syrPr } n, } PyzyPr*n 
possessing, having 

GMS 1133 

2697 pr'npstk B (^S^Jk 
fran-paste 

asthmatic 

SCE 104; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 147 

2698 pr'n^n PYyy S(M) (^jiU^fj^ ^^Ji^Jit^ 
frankan PaYi 

a Manichean god (Fravarti, Ether god) 
Sund. Liste, 1994, 459 

2799 prop's- B ^U^ox&l 

Prapas ? ©impf. =»Prp>s- 
GcOhurl forward 
S W, HJ 1976 p57 n 63; TSP 13ii 5 

2700 pr's B, S jjhi i0 l jb^ «~x 

fras =^Pr»s 
punishment 

VJ 41 b , 476; SCE 272, 350; BSTBL, Padm. 20; 
TSP 2.365, 1169; Frag. Len. 57.4, 65.4, 66.4 



107 



Pr'ywy 



2701 p r >s kyr>n B ^^ 
fras kiran ^fr'skyr'n 

south 

BSTBL, Vaj. 20; Benv. Notesi 65 

2702 pr'st- S o>J &lj <j=-*jL~ 
frast ©pt. St.; perf. fi^stwS'r- ^fr'y?-, Pr>z-, 

frst- 
OeOconclude, (resettle 
MDii; Gersh. Advice. 89; S W, C2 n pl32.22 

2703 pr J s(y)- S(M) o^J 
frasay ©<*fra-ais ©impf. ^Pr'ys-, pr'ys- 1 , 

pr } yst- 

(to)scnd v 

Hen. Tales. 478.25 

2704 pr>t B, M, S ^ 
Prat (pr*t f br't, pr>tr) ©<bratar ©ob. -y ; voc. 

-'; pi. -f; ob, pi. -ty 

brother 

GMS 307, 940 ; Frag. Lcn. ; BBB 540; MSP M70- 
1; STi 33.15; STii 6.2; C2 gloss.; prhrt, brhrU 
"brothers" SCE 36, 55 ; GMS 944, 1231; KG 
348 ; STi 26.3; STii 6.18; C2 gloss, voc. pi. C2, 
12R28, 48R27 ; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214 ; BBB 
f41, 544 ; Frag. Lcn. 92.9 

2705 br't C =» pr>t 

2706 p r J tr ** > pr ) t > r, prH 

2707 p r >trt =» Pr»t 

2708 p r Nv B, S -diil^l 
fraw ? =*ptpr'w- 

memory 

TSP 9.127; Frag. Len. 40, 13 

2709 p r >wcy B j^ y \j 
fraw(i)sci ©<framusti ^pr'wscy, fr*wyscy, 

Pr'wscyCh) 
forgetfulness 
BSTBL, Dhu. 284 ; GMS 382; Benv. Notesi 42 

2710 pr'wk' B 3 j 
Pruk (pr>wkh) ©Yaghn. viruk, Khot. brauka% 

Khwar. ftrwc 
eyebrow 
SCE 100; BSTBL, Dhy. 46\ Bailey. Prolexis. 271 

2711 prNvkh =» Pr } wk> 



2712 pr'wm S 



ur^jx <f JJ 



frum, from (frwm) ©<Parth. frwrm MP hrwm 

©ob. -3; 
Rome, Byzance 



KG 353, 384 

2713 prVmVn S ^ 3J 
fromayan ^prwnVyk 

Roman, Byzantine 

KG 394; GMS 1049, 1244 

2714 prNvscyCh) B J*^J 
frawisci ^Pr'wcy, pr'wscy, fr*wyscy, frwycy 
forgetfulness 

TSP 2.171, 7.168, 20.11; BSTBL, Dhu. 279 

2715 Pr'xs- M O-iU^ tjjA^lf <jj£ Ju> 
Praxs ©<*brixsa- 

(rc)be roasted 

GMS 825 ; Sogdica. 40.12; AVS 73 

2716 pr J xs- S j^-W^f^s^ 
Praxs =*brxs-, Pr'ys-, prys- 
0c>)shoot,0o)throw 

MSP b26, 92; impf. /?Vxs, MSP bl55 

2717 pr»y B, M ._^^ 
pare =»Pr J k\ Pryy, bry 

fruit 

STii 8.11; TSP 6.114; Sogdica. 2.2, 4 

2718 pr'ys- S o>\z~j 
frais ©OP frdisaya-- *fra-aisaya ©impf. 

ftr y s(y) =»prys-, frys-, pr'ys- 1 
(to)scnd 
MDii; MSP bl24 ; Frag. Len. 44.12; AVS 128 

2719 pr'yst- S o*^J 
frcst ©pt. St.; perf. ftr^ystwd^r ^P^ys-, fryst- 
Go)send 

MDii; KG 404, 406, 425 ; fir'ystw, MDii; AVS 
128 

2720 pr'ysVk S »\^J 
freste (frystk, P^ysty, Prysty/k) ©ace. -w\ pi. 

-r ^frysty(y) 
apostle 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 155; KG 471 pl81 ; MSP b 41, 

48,72,83, 13l v -*w, b 115 

2721 p^ystr B >^ 
frestar ©<Av. fraesta-tara 

more 

GMS 331, 1299; BSTBL, Dhu. 279 

2722 pr^ysty =» pr'yst'k 

2723 pr'ywy B ^>- -»' ^J T ^>-> 
frayuy ©*frd-y(a)uga- 

salvation 

TSP 6.13, 7.77; "unyoking" S W, BSOAS 1975, 

134 



pr'yz- 



108 



2724 pr'yz- B j/ j^o jjj, <J& Jj* *lf)y_J i^J 

frez/z ? 

{name of a)plant 

TSP 19.20 n p232 

2725 pr J yzk(h) B £****£>- 
frezk/e ? ©ob. -yh 

thorn 

VJ 902,781, 1104 

2726 pr'z— S e .uU* < j^~> i^J'x^ tj^jjL^ 
fraz ©<*fra-raza =»J3r*st- 

GeOconclude a pact, pact 

MDii p88 ; Gersh. Advice. 90 ; AVS 134 

2727 br'z- ** >br>z- 

2728 pr>zndtyy M *xjjJ 
prazande (Pr>zntyy) ©Sbraz- -»PrVnt, 

Pr'zyntk 
shining 
GMS 1068 

2729 pr'zntyy -> Pr'zndtyy 

2730 p r p>nt B ^ju^ 
ParPand 

deception 

SCE 273; Bailey. BSOAS 23, 25 

2731 brbr'yq C ^i^j,^ 
parParik ©pi. -/ 

barbarian 

BSTii 878.13; C2, 87R1, 13 n pl63 

2732 pr-pw6'nt S c$>^> <>** 
Par-po5and 

fragrant, perfumed 
Mack. AI 25 p442.9 

2733 Prpw8n B ^sj-Aj^'J*** 
Par-Po5an 

perfumed, fragrant 

TSP 5.46; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. n 146 

2734 brc =* z>tk prch 

2735 brd'r- C => Prt- 

2736 brdpd C 
PartpaS ? (brtpd) =^Prtp5, prtpd 
informed, learned 
STii 1.44, 45 

2737 prStp'y- S 
fra-0pay ? (prSP'y-) ©fra- Bwaya- 

-> W ySp>y-, m5py-, pr6p>y>t- 
0<?)extend 



l.jiV 



o*. 



KG 333; GMS 293 

2738 pry»r B => Pry>r 

2739 pryWk S *k>^ «£, 
frayame ? ©*/^- gamaka\ Munj. fraYomiy 
male kid 

"year-old" KG 503, S W, Apd. 3.2.3 

2740 prYnk S ^^J^^J 
faryane ©-w 

(<?/)Farghane 
MDii p84 

2741 pry'r B, S (j^J-'J-^^jW"^-^ 
farxar (Pry'r) ©Skt. vihara ©ob. -y =>fry J r 
temple 

prVry, SCE 169, 173, ft r r*r t 176, -y, 172 etc.; 
VJ 1117; TSP 7.36, 8.195; SCE; GMS 362; Frag. 
Lcn. 93.3 

2742 pry'w B, S J*<gf<^jJ 
faryaw, frayaw ©*/ra- gava-, Parth. frg^w 

^pry'w 
possession, richess 
VJ 66, 111; TSP 12A Hen. Tales. 480.17, GMS 

325-, Gersh. TPS 1963, 193 

2743 pry'wey B, S c^^'P^y^sJ 
faryawci 

rich, happy 

TSP 15.27; Frag. Len. 85.10 

2744 pry'wcyk B c^^x^y 
faryawcik 

rich, happy 
TSP 8.97 n p216 

2745 pry>z B, S(M) ^JjL. ,^\J (^>) i*-Ji 
farxaz ? 

touching, sense of touch 

VJ 881; Sogdica. 64, 11; *fi r r y z "to touch" GMS 

330 

2746 pry } z- B, S ** Pr>y>z- 

2747 pryn* S j 3J <o^U < jUj 
frayna (prynh, Prynh) =*fryn ()) , P'ryn < 
sign, way, manner 

Hen. Tales. 478.29; TSP 9.59, 16.32, 37 ; BSTBL; 
firYh ?, MDii 

2748 prynh B =* Pryn> 

2749 pryrp- B o^b^o*^ 
frayarP =»fryrP- 
GeOoffer 
BSTBL, Dhy. 172 



109 



Prtymbn 



2750 prys- B, M, S =» Pr'ys- 

2751 prys- B, M, S o^'^U 7 
|3raxs ©impf. b } rxs =»Pr»xs-, Pr } ys- 
(to)shoot 

TSP 11041 n pl82;-»y, VJ 251 

2752 prysky* B ^i'^L^'v^ 
Praxsakya ^brxsqy'C-) 

shooting 

TSP 7.144 n p214 ; Benv. Eti 299 

2753 prysnh =» prysnh 

2754 pryw'y- B ox^^J^ 
fraxway ©<*fra-xwahaya =»frxw>k 

GcOcut out, (r<9)chop 

SCE 262; BBB 505 n6 ; GMS 330; AVS 95 

2755 prk S b^ 
frak ©loc. -y =»fr>k, Pr'k, PrV 

tomorrow 

MDii pll4n20, /?r*y 

2756 prk'yrny S efV-^'^^ 
frakirn(c) =*frkyrny 

indifference 

MSP bl89 ; Sund. n p43 

2757 prkr'nt- B jju^ t&J'pJaS idij'zj- 
frakrand (frkr'nt-) ©<*fra-krnta -»0rkst-, 

frkrnd- 
(fo)cut in pieces 
TSP 2.159; GMS 145; AVS 112 

2758 prkst- S b*j><o*£*j>- 
frakast ©pt. st. 

(ro)cut in pieces 

GMS 601; Hen. JRAS 1944, 137.7 

2759 brqy> C ^ 
Par(a)kya =*8b } rqy\ bznbrqy* 

gift 

STi 29.5; STSC 113; C2, 57V 13: BSTii 905.13 

2760 prm>y- S j^j 
framay ©impf. flr^rriy =*frm>y-, prnVy- 1 
(/cOorder 

Frag. 2a.7 

2761 prm J yst- S 0^wl> 
framast ©Av. framdrdz- =*frmst- 

GcOspoil 
MSP bl97 p43 

2762 -p rn ( 0h _ : ^j^ ^ ju^w 
par(a)n ©suff. =»PwSprn 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 164.7 



2763 prny- B jij'ij* <^U1 Ja^<> 
frnay ? ©inf. -'y =*fny- 

0o)endanger, (ro)forfeit 
TSP6.115n p205 ; GMS8l8A 

2764 prp J s- B oju&l j~* j* iJ-J^J' 
frapas ? ©impf. fir*p*s ^frp's-, P^p's- 
0o)beat, (ro)strike down 

TSP 2.177, 282; GMS 328 

2765 prp>y B =» p'rp'k 

2766 prp*z B *S\±- j, ic^^y* j> < j^o i^jj^t 
p/far-paz =»p>z 

face on earth 

GMS 328; STii; VJ 360; TSP 21, iii, 13 n p234 

2767 prpsh B ^T 
par-pis ©<*bara-pu0ra-\ Av. barat- pu6rd\ 

Parth. brbwhn Knot, baravirna 
pregnant 
TSP 22.18 n p235 ; Hen. Texts. 376 n 1 ; Gersh. 

TPS 1945, 144; STSC 14 



r j 



2768 prpswrt(y) S(C) u^<, 
Par-pisunc 

womb 

STi 86.13; GMS 1090 

2769 prpt- S a^-o^ <jx>J 
Prpat ?, frapat ? 

tumble 

Mack. AI 424, 8 

2770 prpyy S (^ - »4 =4 ^ >r 
farpix ? ©Av. pivah Pahl. farbih 

fat 

MDii p32 n 20 

2771 *5rt- B, M {jy> ^^ j->)CpjjT <o^ 
Pn, pa/art (brd'r-) ©<*brta **Pr-, Pwrt- 
(/6>)bring, 0o)carry, 0o)bear 

GMS 592, trans, pret. firtw&r-, KG 635 

2772 prt*wY =* Prtwy 

2773 prtVx B, S ^L^ <juLa < f IjT 
partux, pratux (brtwx) ©^wi-rata^wx <ahu 

=*prtwy 

tranquil, secure 

TSP 6.35, 156, 11.30 n p224 ; BSTBL, Dhy. 27, 
240; Sogdica. 16.14a ; Benv. Notesii 216 

2774 prtymbn M •\ l r><gjt J *** J 
Part-yamban ©pi. -d 

suffering, pain-bearing 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 142.1, 147 



Prtpcxwnyh 



110 



2775 prtpcxwnyh M ^y ^ojluTJ-j*; ij^\&&y 
Part-pacxonc 

suffering contempt, humiliated 
BBB 687 

2776 prtp5 B, S .if 7 
Pratpa5, Partpa5 (brtpd) =»frtp55, brdpd 

informed 

MDii 1.1, 15; TSP 6.115, 16.23 n p205 ; STi 77.4 ; 

STii 1.67, 89; C2, 3V 7, 22R 11, 14 pl48.11; 

Bugut. Insc. B2.16 

2777 brtpd C =* prtpS, prtpd 

2778 brtpdy' C =* prtp5y>h 

2779 prtp8y } h M : jtU<j*lfl 
PratpaSya, partpa5ya (brtpdyO 
information 

GMS 1405; C2, 12V6, 87R14; BSTii 878.14 

2780 prtp6y , kh S ^b^lTF 
PartpaSya(k) 

information, knowledge 
KG 471 

2781 brtp9 -» prtpd 

2782 prtwy B jt^ <j£j« < f Ij7 
Pratux, partux (prt'wy, brtwx) ©pi. -/ 

-^PrtVx 
sure, tranquil 
BSTii 84211; Benv. Eti '323; C2, 68R11 p!48 

2783 brtwx C => Prtwy 

2784 brtwxt =* prtpd 

2785 brw C =» bry 

2786 prwVtn rwc S jjj^jjJ " u ^ j> Jjj 
frawartin roc ^prw'rtn rwc, frwrr 
nineteenth day of the month 

MDiii p64 

2787 p r w>y5- B u*/>*^OJl-o 
frawe6 ©*fra-waid ? J~vid ^prw'yS-, 

frwy5(5)- 
(fo)reach, (to)hit, (research 
TSP 3.117; GMS 329; Gersh. AHM p263 n ; AVS 

115 

2788 prwm'yk S, M ^^ 
fromik (prwmyk) ©pi ob. ~ty ^Pr'wmyn, 

frwmyq 
Byzantine 
KG 350; Sogdica. 8.1b n p9 

2789 prwmyk ^ Prwm'yk 



2790 prwrtk ? S ^U «^</y f>r «» 
frawarte (prwrtk) ©MP frwrdg ^frwrty 1 
scroll, letter 

MDii p73.12 

2791 prwy B f*j<^J 
farwe ? =^prwy, frwy 

illusion 

BSTBL, Vim. 115; VJ 230; STii 7.32, 34 

2792 prwz- B 0^j'j>, 
frawaz =>frwz- 

(ro)fly 

GMS 329; AVS 132 

2793 ♦prwz'n'k B oU"-*U 
frawazane, parwazane (brwz'ny) 

bird, flying 

SCE 304; C2, 17V2 p58 ; Schwartz. BSOAS 1971, 
412 

2794 brwz'ny C ==> *Prwz ) n > k 

2795 brxs- C JiJ'^j < dzj'^j, *tf*-Mjj 
Praxs ©impf. b y rxs ^pr'ys-, Pr'xs- 
(/<9)shoot, GcOrcIease 

BTii 827.44; Benv. Eti 299; S W, C2, 94V 14 n 
p74, 176 

2796 brxs'mnty C v^ \*j Iju L* 
praxsamande ©ace. -tw 

shooting 

BSTii 892.20; C2, 31R20 +06 

2797 brxsqy'(-) C 0->^V^> T '(JJ'^L* 7 
Praxsakya ^prysky* 

shooting 

BSTii 892.18, 20; C2, 31R18-19; Gersh. IF 1970, 
305 

2798 BRY S ^ 
pise, zate ©ace. -vv ; abl. -> ; Idg. 

son 

MDii; MDiii; Frag. Len. 69.3 ; TSP 8.168 

2799 bry C ^.^ 
Pare ©ace. -w; pi. -t\ ob. pi. -ty ^Pr'y, Pr J k 2 , 

Pryy 
fruit 
STi 21.14-, C2, gloss, brw, BSTi 113, 121 

2800 p r y>(h) M ^U_^ 
Parya ? 

air, ether 

GMS 1661; Hen. Tales. 473.25, 478.14; Cosm. 
307.10, 312,93; BBB pl22 



Ill 



przyy 



2801 prypryny(y) M >^*jjjl 
pare-parene 

fruit-bearing 

Sogdica. 34.24; Hen. Cosm. 30731; GMS 1646 

2802 prync M ^ 
Princ/j ©MP brinj 

rice 

Hen. AM 10.2, 1963, 196 

2803 brync C •ju J b<«ju J I 
Parenc ©f. pres. part. 

carrying, bearing 
STi 37.3; GMS 891 

2804 pryny M : •ju><^ 
Parene (bryny) ©pres. part. 

bearing 

STi 20.15; GMS 890 

2805 bryny C =* Pryny 

2806 brysq C <u;/>«u;^ 
par-Tsk ©pres.part. 

carrying, having 
BSTi281 ; GMS 897 A 

2807 prysty/k S =-> Pr>yst>k 

2808 brywr C =» Pryywr 

2809 prywr =* Pryywr, RYPW 

2810 pryy M ^^ 
pare =»Pr>y, bry, Pr>k 2 

fruit 

BBB 570 a7 ; Hen. BSOAS 12, 307, 312; GMS 966, 
1661 

2811 pryywr M jj-mjO** 
Pare-Par (brywr, Prywr) ©Av. baevar 

=*RYPW 
ten thousand, myriad 
GMS 362, 1329; Hen. Cosm. 307.63, 312.92; BBB ; 

C2, 12V20 

2812 P" 1 B ^ji<>yr&<J~ti<f* 
fraz, farz ? =»frz 

until, even that, rather 

TSP 2.166, 400 n pl71 ; VJ 1131; Texts. p734 

2813 prz' B,S (j J)^ 
Parz, prz ©<*6rza- ; Parth. burz 

long 

TSP 5.1, 11, 68, 88; BSTBL-, GMS 138; MSP 
firz(y) 

2814 prz>k B h. 



Prze (Prz } y) ©<*brzaka ©ace. flrzk^w, pi. 

firz } yt =»Przy 
long 
VJ 1263; TSP 2.143, 438, 3.296, 5.24, 32, 6.54; 

SCE 19, 25, 73, 139 etc.; BSTBL, Dhy. 254; 

GMS 138 

2815 prz*y => Prz>k 

2816 prz8wnp>k B ^jl^ 
Prz-dumbe 

long-tailed 
SCE 140 

2817 przkw B ^jlj^-^<J> 
przku (Przwk>) ©<firzuk 

length 

BSTBL, Dhy. 92, 96; GMS 998, 999, 976 n 1 ; TSP 
n pl81 

2818 przkwy(y) B, M ^-uL<J> 
Przkwe ? (Przqwyy) 

length 

GMS 999-, TSP 5.963, 6.140 n pl81 

2819 przqwyy M =* Przkwy(y) 

2820 p rz n'y'n 



Prz-naxan 

long-nailed 

TSP 5.1, 11,68,88 

2821 przptpWy B 
Prz-patpoze 
long-beaked 
SCE 170 

2822 przw'n'y B 



(. 



Cf*bj\j> 



jtjj^Tj 



■ c^/j^^j^j^ '-^ 



przwane, prz/zwane (przw'n'y) 
moth, long-lived(na/ne of an insect) 
TSP 6.162; Frag. Len. 49.8; SCE 167, 503 n p37 ; 
GMS 458; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 137 

2823 przwVy =^ PrzwWy 

2824 przwk' B =* Przkw 

2825 brzy C =» Przy 

2826 przy S, B juLijIj* 
Prze (brzy, Przyy) =»Prz*k 

long, loud 

GMS 138, 967; C2, 31V6-, MSP; TSP 16.39 

2827 brzycq C xdL<juoi 
przick 

loud 

BSTii 890.51; C2, 60V 19 n pl49 

2828 przyy M =» Przy 






przzwWy prWy 



112 



2829 przzw'n'y pr'n'y B ^v^o^'j^o^)-^ 

Prz-zwane 

moth 

SCE 167; Schwartz. BSOAS 34, 1971, 412 

2830 bs* C uj^ 
(3esa (byqsV) =»bys\ Pys>r 

out, outside 

C2 gloss, n p53 ; BSTii 889.24 

2831 ps'c- S ^^7 
fsac ^fs'c- 

GcOteach 

MSP b 61 : 

2832 ps'nywnch B S^j^\a y ^i^^j 
fsanxunc ^'Ps'nywnch 

(related /c)parasang 

VJ 717; CMS 1092; Sogd. Cpds. 146.4 

2833 ps'nt'k B x^J 
fsande (|3s } ntk) ©<*frazantaka ©voc. fis^nt' 
child 

BSTBL, Dhy. 365; SCE 300, 309 

2834 ps'ntk -» ps'nt'k 

2835 ps'ymt- B -> >Ps>yp- 

2836 bst- C -* Pst- 

2837 pst- B, M y^ 
Past (bst-) ©pt. st. =*pynd-, Pyst-, Pynt- 
OcObind, 0o)attach 

GMS 110; VJ 1239; C2, perf. St. flstw&r-; GMS 
828 

2838 pst'k M,B ^<x^,^-l 
paste (Pst'y, Psty, pstk) ©pi. -t; ob. pi. -ty 

=^bsty 
bound, prisoner 
GMS 843, 852 ; TSP 2.498, 6.150; SCE 104; Hen. 

Cosm. 312, 123; Magi. 138.15; STi 38.1; C2 

gloss, ace. bstw, pi. bstyt, Pstk, "closed"; TSP 

2.498 

2839 pst'y =» Pst»k 

2840 pstywnp- B jjulTc^^j UOjulT 
fastyunp, fostyumb ? =»fstxwmp- 

(ro)draw 

VJ 771 n p94 ; Hen. Texts. 733 nl ; SW, BSOAS 
1983, 49; AVS 107 

2841 pstk =» pst>k 



•jt 



2842 bstry C (>-*)•>- 
P(a)stare, f(o)stare =»fstry 

■ tablecloth 
STi 34.6; Gersh. JRAS 1946, 181; S W, C2 n p67 

2843 bsty C az^ij^^i^ 
Paste ©pi. -/-, ace. -w =*Pst>k 

bound, prisoner 
STi 3801; C2 gloss. 

2844 psty M =» pst'k 

2845 ps'k B Jl^c^i 
f(o)sak? ^'ps'y- 

bearing, subjection 

TSP 16.39, 40 n p230 ; fi?t, TSP 2.205 n pl71 

2846 ps>m- => , ps > m- 

2847 ps'wnp- B jxT, 
P(o)sunp, fsumb ? ©<*fra-drumba; Khwar. 

} rSnb^ MP >bhwm\ Skt. subh ? ^ ) P§ , wnp- 
0o)skin, Gtf)dccorticate 
SCE 219; Gersh. IF 1970, 304 

2848 ps>y- S ^f^^fo^ 
fsay ©*fra-sdy ->ps'y- 

0o)expel 
STSC 132.19 

2849 pskHk S 
P/f(o)skare ? 
able 
Frag. Len. 85.7 

2850 psnykh S 
fesnik, fsanik ©fsan- ©adj. 
shaking, cracking 
Sund. MHC p26 n 32, 36.8V3 

2851 pspVy B 
P(D)spare ©<*abi-spara; fspar 
soldo f foot) 

BSTBL, Dhy. 196; GMS 370 

2852 bt> C ** >pt> 

2853 pt>r- B j^<^if 
ftar (pt'yr-, Ptyr-) ©*far-trya- ©impf. flVyr 

=»ftr-, ftyr- 2 
(fo)pass, 0c)cross 
GMS 178, 318; TSP 2.138; Frag. 2a.23 ; AVS 105 

2854 ptWkty =* > pt>rn , kty ? 

2855 *bt*st => bt'st-pnc's-nwmyq 

2856 bt'st-pnc's-nwmyq C ^j«b*jjju*iA 
(a)pdasat-pancas-nomik (*bt*st) 

seven hundred fifty ninth 



A^okJT 



(j)j J ioJCJS^f 



=*psp>ryy 



113 



PwS'k'm 



C2, 1R8 

2857 pt'yr- => pt>r- 

2858 btmyk C ^ 
(a)pdmik -^ptmyk 

seventh 

C2, 39V6, 55R17; BSTii 897.77 

2859 ptr } ync- B b*/^ < J-ojTjLti 
(3)Ptrenc, Patrenj ©<*abi-trnjaya ©impf. 

phrync =>Ptrync-, 'pt^ync- 

(ro)press, (ro)oppress 

TSP 2.7, 132, 1426; BSTBL, GMS 153 

2860 ptryt- M o^j/jUi 
optrayd, potrayd Optryt-3 ©<*abi-traxta 

<*trnxta-, A v. Braxia ©pt. st. ^Ptr'ync-, 
'Ptryty 

Oppress, (fo)oppress 

GMS 152b n 1 600; AVS 123 

2861 ptrytky* M ^o^ 
(o)Ptraydakya, Potraydakya 

oppression 

Sogdica. 3; BBB 510 

2862 ptrnng M (^jaS;j^A^<Jk<jUi 
(o)ptrang, Patrang ©*abi-trang/ka 

oppression 

GMS 152a, 959; Hen. LW 101 

2863 ptrync- M qzJ'^j* <CpjjTjUj <0->>iJ 
©impf. fiHrync ^ptr'ync-, 'Ptr'ync-, tryt- 
(/o)oppress 

GMS 152b, 619; Sogdica. 43, 11 

2864 ptskpyc B (? o^iT *juu) djj, JbJj 
apdas-kapic ? 

unit of weight 

TSP 19.8 n p232 ; Hen. Texts. 713 n 5 

2865 *btts C tjj* 
apd-tas, apdtas =>bttsmyq 

seventeen 

2866 bttsmyq C 
apdtasmik 
seventeenth 
C2, 55V17; BSTii 898.107 

2867 ptyr- =» pt>r- 

2868 bw C 
P(a)u ©lsg. inj. =»P- 
C2, 102V24 

2869 bw- C -> Pw- 



2870 pw- B, M, S ojii < j^ 
Paw, pu (bw-, bntsq, bwt(y)) =»P~, wP-, 

pwt(y), Pwy, Pw'n, Pwt>y, PwtkWn, bwq\ 
PwWm, pw8\ bwtyst\ bwtt, bwtq(n), bynt 1 , 
b>z, bym, bnq\ bntq* 

0o)be, (rc)become 

GMS 787-802; AVS 226-9 

2871 pw'n 

Pawan (b>n) ©lsg. subj. =>Pw-, P>n 
GMS 799; AVS 228 

2872 p w >t => p > tk , m, P>t(y) 

2873 bwc- C -> Pwc- 

2874 pwc- B, M, S O^aj <0^ob« 
Poc (bwc-) ©Sbaug-* Parth. boi\ MP boz% Av. 

buja =»Pwys-, Pwyt-, Pwy 
0o)save, (redeliver 
GMS 825; Bailey. Prolexis. 14; Schwartz. BSOAS 

1971,412; AVS 73 

2875 pwc'k S 
pozak, Poze 
saviour 
Mack. AI 1985, 424.1 

2876 pwcn'k S 
Pocanak -»bwcny, Pwc'k 
redeemer 

Sund. MHC p27 n41(-w) 

2877 bwcny C «x^*Uj < Ly ^> 
Pocne =>Pwcn>k, pwc'k 

saviour, deliverer 

BSTii 867.31; C2, 27V2 

2878 pw5 B, M j,^. ^ tJi 
Po5 (pww5, bwd) ©<Av. baoda =»Pw55, 

Pw5h 
incense 
TSP 7.111, 112, 114; STii 3.66; C2 gloss. ; BBB 

2879 pw5- B &JJ-+ 
Po5 

(feOperf ume, (to)smcl\ 
TSP 7.115 

2880 bwd C *» Pw8 

2881 PW8 1 

Pu/ot/5a ©2pl. impv. =»Pw- 
GMS 797; AVS 228 

2882 pwS'k'm 

pu/otaka(m) ©2pL fut. =>Pw- 
GMS 796: AVS 227 



cr^ 



Pw5*ndc 



114 



Jcuu> t^5j^"y>- 



iS*r*J=~ i L r tAi cr'>" 



ohjU* 



2883 pwa^dc M >*"^>A^ 
Po5andz/c ©f. adj. ^pwfrntch 

scented, perfumed 

Hen. BSOAS 12, 30X16; GMS 1068 

2884 pwB'ndyCy) M J^^j^j^ 
PoSandc (pwa'nt'k, Pw6>nty) ©pi.-/ 

perfumed, scented, fragrant 

BBB ; GMS 1068; VJ 11 ; TSP 3.204 n pl98 ; 

BSTBL, padm. 41; Frag. 4; Hen. Tales. 476.18; 

MSP b55 ; flw&ntkw, VJ 868 

2885 pw5 , nt ) k B ^ PwS'ndy(y) 

2886 pw6>ntch B 
poSandz ©f. adj. ^Pwfi'ndc 

perfumed 
VJ 91, 1435 

2887 pw5>nty S «> Pw5>ndy(y) 

2888 p w 6 pr'n B 
Po6-fran, Pod-Paran 
fragrant, having good breath 
TSP 3.206, 207 

2889 pwSprn B, M 
Po5- parn, Po5paran ©<*bauda-\ barana 
scentholder 

VJ 14, 94; Sogdica. 52.9-, GMS 1029-, Sogd. Cpds. 
147.7 

2890 pw86 M i yJtji i J=^ i < rj^ lSj 3 . 
po5 (pw55h) =>pwS, Pw5h 

incense, scent, perfume, olfaction 

GMS 1 193; VJ 16, 96, 20\ 844, 894, 880; SCE 84 

2891 pw65h B => pw56 

2892 pw6ywrt ) k(w) S 0> ^ 
po5-xwarte, Po5-xurte =>bwd-xwrty 
good-tasting, delicious 

MDii pi 39.6; C2, 48V8 ; MDiii p70, A 16.6 

2893 pw5h B, M, S ^L^ <>* *J>j^iSj>. 
Po5 ©ob. -yh =*PwS5, Pw6 

perfume, sense of smell, olfaction 
TSP 2.816, 6.172, 17.28; BSTBL, Vim. 26, Vaj. 14, 
Dhy. 12, 67, 97 ; Hen. Cosm. 318; BBB ; KG 378 

2894 pwSn B A*«>~ 
PoSan ©in compd. 

scented 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. TSP 1945, 146 n 

2895 p w 6n pr»n B 
PoSan-Paran, poSan-faran 
scented, fragrant, smell perceiving 



^y t?^^ ^'j ,j 'ijjij, iL _j 



TSP 5.45; S W, IIJ 1976, 60f ; TSP 13.25 

2896 pwSst'n B, M, S jt^* 
Po8estan (Pw5stn) ©ob. -yh =^bwstn 
garden 

BSTBL, Vim. 78; SCE 2 ; GMS 1118; Frag. Len. 
29.11; TSP 21 iii 15 

2897 pwSstn =* pw5st>n 

2898 pw6stnp ) S j^UjlJl^.* 
Po5estan-pa 

gardener 
Frag. Len. 29.20 

2899 bwd-xwrty C iJUJji/ 
po5-xwartc ^PwSywrt'kCw) 

delicious 
C2, 48V8 

2900 pwy B, S ^Uj oU; 
Poy ©<*bauga- 

salvation 

TSP 2.425, 905, 974, 6.127; BSTBL, Dhu. 201; 
Frag. Len. 88.3; KG 570 

2901 pwyc M <£>: ( yj^)J- r «;.U 
P/fuyc (Pwyyc) 

ninth month of the year 
GMS 1275; Hen. JRAS 1945, 151.7, 149.10; 
flwTyc, MDii, Nov. 6, 5 

2902 pwY5 , r- B, S ^ob«(jibo^ 
Puydar (PwytwS'r-) ©perf. st. =»Pwyt- 
GeOsave, 0o)be saved 

KG 2338; Frag. Len. 93.18 

2903 pwys- B, S jjiiUj < jaboU* 
Puxs (Pwxs-) ©<*buxsa; Parth. MP bwxs- 

©3sg. pres. fiwxsty 
(to)bc saved, (to)be delivered 
GMS 520, 825; SCE 350; TSP 2.1080, 1141, 1194; 

BSTBL, Padm. 20, Dhu. 235; VJ 535 ; AVS 73 

2904 pwyt- B, S j^boUi ^LoU; 
Puyd ©<*buxta ©pt. st. 

GcOsave, (ro)be saved 
GMS 509; KG ; AVS 120 

2905 pwytVmyk M jj~*<J^j 
puxtarmik (*pwrt > rmyk) ©pi. -t 

patient 

GMS 469; Gersh. BSOAS 17, 481 n5 ; KG p!82 

2906 pwytk B J&^j «oiUj ^to^ 
Puyde ©pp. 

saved 

BSTBL, Dhu. 201 




115 



2907 pwytwfiV- S =» pwyS'r- 

2908 pwyyc S => pwyc 

2909 pwk> B ^>j*ob*j 
Pok ? ©= Skt. paramita =»Pwys-, Pwy 
salvation 

SCE 215 

2910 bwq } 

Poka ©lsg. fut. inj. =»Pw- 

C2, 69V21 

2911 pwmh B, S ^ y/^j^ 
pum ©<OP. Jw/wf ©ob. -y(h) 

earth, world 

VJ 226, 228, 1218; SCE 4.214; TSP ; BSTBL, Vim. 

102, Dhu. 142, 293, Dhy. 125 etc.; Frag. Len. 

114.3 

2912 bwn* C ><c'j>- 
Puna ©f. ob. bwny>, pi. bwnyt =»Pwn(h), 

Pwn>kh 
cell, hole, cave 
STSC 28, 46; C2, 11R27, 77R10, 16, 68V 10 



C'jj- 



2913 pwn'kh B, M 
Puna(k) ©pi. -fiwnHy =*yws Pwn'kh, 

nnsPwn'k, ywn'k Pwn'kh 
hole 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 146.1 

2914 pwn(h) B, M (^jd^jsj^ <t^-r 
Puna ©f. ob. fiwn (y) y(h); pi. ~ y yt ->bwn J 

hole, pore 

BSTBL, Dhy. 381; TSP 3.274, 284; Frag. 2a.l2; 
Hen. Cosm. 312, 126; fiwny, BSTBL, Dhy. 151, 
210, 332, 381; fiwnyh, Frag. 2a.l3 ; fiwn y yh, TSP 
2.296; fiw'yt, TSP 2. 373 

2915 pwn mry M c >(W)^jl^ ^jLi < JU ^.jLi 

Pun-mary ? (Pwn mrg) 

basic numberG/z astronomy) 

GMS 1409; Hen. JRAS 1945, 151, 14 

2916 pwn mrg =» Pwn mry 

2917 pwntyn'k S 
Punt/dene ? 
foundation 
MDii, Nov. 3V18, Nov. 4 V10 

2918 p wr S 
Por 
blond 
MDiii p37.13 n p39, 10 



4jU oLu 



jy 



bwt'ny 

2919 pwr6my S(M) JJ*_jj»l/ 
fur5me ? ©<*/ra- rudma 1 =*pwr5my 

plant, vegetation 
GMS 415 

2920 pwrt B ? J*-*-j «& <fjj 
Purt ? 

swelling ?, dent ? 

SCE 96 n p35 ; Gersh. IF 1970, 305, <*burti 

2921 pwrt- B d>y 
Purt, Prt ©Yaghn. vurta ©pt. st. ; perf. st. 

=5>|3rt- 
0<?)bring, OcObear, (ro)endure 
TSP 2.1154; BSTBL, Intox. 36 ; perf. St. 

ftwrtw6 y r- 

2922 *pwrt ) rmyk *± pwyt'rmyk 

2923 pwrtVmykyKkh) M ^u^ 
Purtarmikya(k) 

patience 

GMS 469, 1105; BBB 627, 636; W-Li, ii; Hen. 
Talcs. 473; Sogdica. 3; KG 603, 611 

2924 bwrty^- C jj^f jl*; < j\* 
purtyak 

bearing 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 191R2 

2925 pws'ntk B j^ 
Pusande (Pwsndyy, Pws^ty) ©<Skt. upavastha; 

Knot, puysata 
fast 
TSP 2.586 etc.; SCE 77, 387, 381; Sogdica. 64.19; 

BBB f 34 

2926 pws*nty =» Pws>ntk 

2927 pwsndyy M => Pws>ntk 

2928 bwstn C d^y. 
Postan ©ob. -y; pi. -t =*Pw6st > n 

garden, paradise 

BSTii 886, 14.17, 878.8; C2 gloss. 

2929 bwt M (<J:JL*o)b* 
but (pwty) ©nom. - ()) y ; abl. -\ pi. -r =»bwtyst, 

ps'bwty, pwt- 1 
Buddha 

GMS 36, 44, 1179; ob. fiwtyh, STii 10.52 

2930 bwt> 

©2pL impv. =^Pw- 
GMS 788, 797; STi 38.2 

2931 bwt'ny S, M J^y^y 
butane ^pwtWk 



Pwt'y 



116 



(o/)Buddha 

Sogdica. p64.13;GMS 1040 

2932 pwt>y 

Potc ©3sg. irr. =»Pw- 
GMS 791, 788, 801 ; AVS 229 

2933 pwtkWn 

potka(m/n) ©3sg, fut. =»Pw- 

GMS 796; AVS 227 ; C2 gloss. 

2934 bwtq(n) 

Potka(n) ©3sg.pres.dur. =^Pw~ 
AVS 227; C2 gloss. 

2935 bwtt 

Pot ©2pl. subj. & impv. =»Pw- 
GMS 797 

2936 pwt(y) 

Pot (bwt(y)) ©3sg. irr. =>Pw- 
GMS 801, 816; VJ 369 

2937 bwty M -> pwt- 1 

2938 bwt(y) =* Pw-, pwt(y) 

2939 bwtyst M j^j 
butist ©pi. ^pwt'yst 

Buddhas 
GMS 1673 

2940 bwtyst* C 

Potcsta ©2pl. irr. & impf. =>pw- 
GMS 788, 819; AVS 229 

2941 pwwfi M =» Pw5 

2942 bwwny C => b'wwny 

2943 pwxs- M =» pwys- 

2944 pwy 

Pawe ©2&3sg. pres. opt. =»Pw-, wPy(y) 2 , by 1 , 

by 3 
GMS 795, 801; AVS 227, 228 

2945 bwz>xq C 1^ 
P^zaxak ? =»bz } xwq, 'pyz'ywk^ 
unfortunate 
Lentz. STii 1.46 n p580 ; BBB p90 a9 



-"'UU ^5 jj I /*-*^- j y* ^ * 



2946 bwzbr C 
PozPar ©OP baji ©pi. -t 
tax collector 

BSTii 826.1; C2, 94R1 ; STi 19, 12; GMS 120A 

2947 p x - B -> p Y - 

2948 p x >yst B =* p Y >yst 
pxs- M 

axs (p>xs) =»Pys- 



e V H 




: jjb 



(fo)give 

GMS 551; AVS 130 

2950 bxt C =» n>bxt 

2951 pxtbwry M =* Pxtwnyy 

2952 pxtrn M ** Pytm 

2953 pxtwnyy M ^J J"^J u-^W^Jjb- < J 1 * <^>" 
Paxtunc, Paydune, Paydune (Pxtbwry) 
schism, difference of view 

BBB b30; GMS 1087; Sund. Man. Lett. 310.15 

2954 py' B, S y 
fe (p )4 ) ©Khwar. *-/ f>) ©2sg. pers. pron. end. 

ace. & ob. -my, >PZY, -fy, -P, sm'yw 
you 
GMS 1356; S W, C2 p77.3l ; VJ 1094 2 pi. pres. 

pron,, SCE 418; TSP ; STii 9.12; Frag. Len. 

2955 py 1 B tfJ^"*>- 
emphatic particle 

GMS 1355; VJ 371, 603, 797; -fi, VJ 711 

2956 by 1 G 

pi/c ©2sg. pres. =»P-, Pw-, Pwy, byq> 
AVS 227 

2957 by 3 

Pi/c ©3sg. opt. ==>p-, wPy(y)', pwy 
AVS 228 

2958 by 3 C >>^ 
PT ? ©adv. =*wPyw, byw, } wPy 

both 
C2 gloss. 

2959 py»tr B j^ 
fyatar ^fy'tr, >Py*tr 

more 

SCE 299; GMS 321 

2960 py'ys- B ox±j>-<tf*« 
Pyaxs ? ©inf. - } y =^Py'ys- 

(fo)boil, (to)cook 
TSP 19.6 n p232 

2961 by'm- C o^Jtjjj, id^J'^jji 
Pyam (bym) ©impf. b^m 

(/o)rear, (r<?)foster 

BSTii 879.15; C2, 87V15 n pl64 

2962 by'pd'r- C jj£.(f 7 ^Ij* 
Pyap5ar ©<>fiy>pt+g*r ©perf. st. -Vft^pt- 
(ro)understand, (fo)know 

pfpu MSP b45 n p40; STii 3.12 ; Mack. BSOAS 
33.116 

2963 py'pt- =» 'py'pt- 



117 



byq 



fL> iv»>w 



J* isrta~?. t 



2964 py'r'k S l£>U 
Pyarc (Py'ryy) ©ace. bfrw ^'py'rh 

evening 

GMS 969; Hen. Tales. 467, 12.3; BBB 697; KG 

541 pl82 ; C2, 94R21, 22; Hen. Fasts. JRAS 

1945, 155 

2965 py'rt- B, S ^l «> jjTc~o* 
Pyart ? (byrd»r-) ©Yaghn. viyorta ©pt. St. 

-»Pyr-\ 'Py'rt-, Pyrt- 
(/c>)obtain 
GMS 90, 593; BSTBL, Dhy. 391; MD; Anc. Lett. 

4.5; STii 7.6 

2966 py'ryy M => Py>r>k : 

2967 by'tq'rc C 
Pyatkarc 

message, embassy 
Sund. AI 28, 1988, 1.180, 181 

2968 py>wn- B UJ 
Pyon, Piwan ? OPywn-) ®<*abi-waina\ Parth. 

frwyn- ©impf. fi } ywn =>Pywn-, P'ywn- 
(ro)foresee 

GMS 434.2 

2969 pyWy B u^^,^w 
Pyone, piwane ? ^pywny, bywny 

prophet 
GMS 434 n 2 

2970 py>ys- B o^yr 
Pyes OPy's-) ©<*abi yaisa ?; Av. yaeh Yaghn. 

es-, Khot. jis ^Py^s- 
(to)bo\\ 
GMS 90, 1068 

2971 Py>ys , ntk B ji^ 
Pyesande ©pres. pt. -^*Py ) s , ntcy 

boiling 
SCE 236 

2972 Pyc B,M v*J*<^Ji 
Pec ©<Av. baesaza ©ob. pi. ~ty =*pyc>n 

ywt } w, p>yc 
physician 

SCE 272; GMS 384; flycty, BBB 517 ; gen. pi. 
fiyc% TSP 9.78, 95; GMS 1230 
2973p yc >n>k B >^>, 

Pecane ©adj. 
medical 
TSP 9.80, 81,94 



2974 pye'n ywt'w B, S (/u^j(5Cij,) jl£ij,^lj£- 
pecan-xutaw 

god of physicians 

GMS 1230; TSP 9.78.95; SCE 272 

2975 pycy'h M ^<J^Jl 
Pecya (Pycyh) ©f. n. 

medicine 

GMS 1111; Sogdica. 39.35; TSP 8.198; BBB 517 

2976 pycy'kh B v^<^.>, 
pecya(k) ©f. n. 

medicine 
BSTBL, Dhy. 229 

2977 pycyh B =» Pycy>h 

2978 by5»nh =» Py5>n 

2979 pytfn B j\*ijLJ\<(& 
PiSan (byS'nh) ©Av. aivi-dana-, Khot. byan 

^P6»nh 
bridle 
VJ 1419 n p99 ; GMS 90; Bailey. Prolexis. 261 

2980 py8 , y- B j-uf j^ijjJ^cJ^hjltjjJ^j* 
Pi5ay ©<*badya- ©pass. st. =»Pynt- 

(to )be impeded, OcOrcstricted 
SCE 34, 415; S W, C2n p75.26 

2981 pyj- M (^:J^)e > u^.j<x 
p3z, Piz, Pez ©<bazda ; *bazdya ^w'Pyjt, 

'Pyz-, Pj-, Pz-, »Pj- f } pz-, Pyz-, byz- 
bad, evil 
GMS 510, 1213; Hen. LW 99 

2982 pyjpr'n M c^-b 
pDz-Paran ^'PyzyP^n, PyyjyPr'n 

miserable 

GMS 1133; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 138 

2983 pyjtr M jj, 
Poztar ©pi. -t 

worse 

GMS 1286; Hen. Cosm. BSOAS 12, 312, 115 

2984 pyjypr'n =* , pyzypr , n 

2985 pyq M =* Pyk 

2986 pyk B, M, S ^ Jj*. , jj^ <£> 
Pek (Pyq) =»byq, PykVh 

out, outside, apart, except 

GMS 1681; TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len. 69.35; KG 
2367; MDii ; C2, 3R3 ; abl. pyk\ VJ 132, 146, 
1393; adv. flykw, TSP 2.469 n pi 75 

2987 byq C tXj^y^y 
Pi/ek ? ©pres. pt. 



w;»*::^T.-.v-r:s*ir^-W^^^^^ 



byq* 



118 



Ojj^i 



/ 



being 

STi 30, 6 ; GMS 897; Benv. JA 1959, 120 

2988 byq> C 

peka ©2sg. fut. =»P-, Pw-, by 1 

C2, 94V8 

2989 pyk> B ^T^U 
fek ©<*fayaka; frayika 

shoulder 

Benv. VJ 56* n p95 ; Texts. 729 ; Gersh. Amber. 
242 

2990 pykVh B, S Ij^«oj^m£>- 
Pek =»Pyk 

out, out of, apart 

BSTBL, Vim. 57, Dhy. 277; VJ 132, 146; MSP; 
GMS 976n 1; TSP 2.455 

2991 pyk'prm B =* Pykprm(w) 

2992 pyk } s } r B =» pyks»r 

2993 byqb'r C 
Pekpar (bqp>r) =»Pykp>r 
outside 
STi 21.9; GMS 1116; C2 gloss. 

2994 pykcyk M, S 
Pekcik 
external 

BBB 671; GMS 1014; Frag. Len. 33.5 

2995 pyk Syn>k B ( j*> J' £j^)j^ <*V <-^ 
Pek-5ene ©pi. -6yn>yt 

heretic 

TSP 5.11; Frag. Len. 81.4; pi. TSP 5.5, 6.191 

2996 pykywnc B iWI^.^*/ 
Pek-yonc 

heresy 
TSP 2.743 
2 r 'qkr'n =» Pykqyr'n 

n &J*~ ^&r <djj?> ^^M<> 

fPyqkr'n) 



ls^-J 1 ^ 'ijjj* 



2789 prwmyk 




3000 pykp'r'yck 1 B, M yij^^jt 
Pck-parick (Pykp'ryck) 

external 

BSTBL, Dhu. 50, 118, 126, 173; -\ Dhu. 129; 
flykp>rck, Dhu. 173; GMS 1013 

3001 pykp>rcyk B ^^^> 
Pekparclk (byqp>rcyq) 

external 

GMS 1014 ; W-Lii; BSTBL, Dhu. 24, 54; C2, 61V 
25 

3002 byqp>rcyq C =4 Pykp>rcyk 

3003 pykp'ryck =» Pykp>r>yck> 

3004 Pykprm(w) B r^i^ i s<L^- jj) j\ Oj^ *j' <tj^ 

pek-parm(u) (Pyk>prm) 

out of, utterly 

SCE 28; BSTBL, Vim. 47, 51; Dhu. 162 

3005 Pyks M r B, M, S (0>>>^ jj)>-<jj^<£>- 
Peksar (pyk^r, Pyks'r) ©Yaghn. veske =>bys\ 

Pys>r, sV 
outside 
GMS 463; BBB 640; flykys'n Anc. Lett. 3.7; 

fiyk's 1 ^ VJ 1028, 1057 

3006 byqs J r ** bs\ pyks'r 

3007 p y ks } r -» Pyks»r 

3008 byqstr C ^ pykstr 

3009 pykstr M 
Pek-star (byqstr) =»Pystr 
apart from, away from 

3010 pykw => Pyk 

3011 bym C 

©lpl. pres. p-, Pw- 

C2, 94 R6 

3012 PymkWn 

Pemkam/n ©lpl. fut. =»P- 
GMS 796, 787 

3013 pynd M ^jxjll 
pond, Pand =4Pndy(h) 

interdiction 

BBB f28 ; GMS 107, 957 

)14 pynd- M ^ 

Pe/ond (pyynd-) ©<*bandaya- =»Pst-, Pynt- 
OfcObind 

GMS 601, 737; impf. fiy(y)nd, GMS 611; BBB 
b73 ; Kellens. Le Verb Avestique. pi 12, 138n8 



(>^j^)-^"*>j^ 



119 



byst- 



3015 bynt 1 C 
©3pl. opt, =» P-, pw- 

C2 gloss. 

3016 bynt 2 C =* pynt- 

3017 pynt- B, S <J>^>^ jj)o>/>j 
Pe/snd (bynt : ) ©Yaghn. vani- =*Pst-, Pyst-, 

pynd- 
(/o)bind 
VJ ; TSP ; SCE lib; BSTBL; Frag. Len. 37.15, 20 ; 

C2 gloss. /?ymr, 3sg. pres. Dhy. 171; AVS 112 

3018 byntqn 

Pandkan ©3pl. opt. dur. =*P- 
GMS 801 : 

3019 byr- C *± pyr- 1 

3020 pyr- B, M, S jj±> j*)tf& >> <j=*i ^j/U^-o* 

pir (byr-) ©<*abi-an Yaghn. w>; Khwar. ftyr 

=»Py } rt-, Pyrt-, >py } rt- 
(fo)find, (ro)reccive, (/cOobtain 
GMS 90, 593; Benv. Et. Oss. 86; AVS 104 n 1 

3021 pyr- 2 S, B (jxi jls^^^-o-u o^ 
pe/ir ©*barya- ©pass. St.; opt. ->y 
(to)offcr, (to)bc carried 

VJ 134, fiyr*y% Anc. Lett, fiyrt 

3022 pyr'k S ^ «zJl ^ <^lc 
plre (Pyr>y) =»Pyry(y) 
success, gain, finding 
TSP 10.9; KG 485; fiyr'yk ? MDii 

3023 Py^mndtyCyh) M 
piramande =>Pyr } mntk 
success 

GMS 1100; flyrWnty, VV-Li 

3024 pyr'mntk B ^lo~o <^ ^l^ 
Piramande (byr>mnty) =*Pyr } mndty(yh) 
reception, finding, gain 

TSP 8.67; C2, 1V15, 57V 13 

3025 byr'mnty C =# Pyr'mntk 

3026 pyr J y B =» Pyr>k 

3027 byrdY- C =» Py>rt- 

3028 pyrt =» Pyrt>k 

3029 p yrt - B ,M,S (Oj* ^^ j^^k^fc-*** 
Pi/ert (byrt-) ©Yaghn. viyorta ©pt. St. 

^Py'rt-, >py>rt- 
0o)obtain, (^)find 
GMS 90, 593; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL, trans, pret. 



fiyrt(w)&r~, flyr&r, pyrt&r-, byrd'r-, VJ ; 
TSP; MDii; BBB-, BSTBL-, Frag. Lcn. ; STii; 
BSTi; C2 

3030 byrt- C =» Pyrt- 

3031 pyrt*k B, S (j*^)****^^ 

Pi/erte (pyrty, Pyrt, Pyrtk) =*Pyrtch, Pyr- 1 , 

pyrt>y 
gain, obtained 
TSP 2.147, 5.104; 0yrt>kw t MDii, Nov. 3V6 ; 

Pyrtw, MDii pi 86.3, 6,9 

3032 pyrt'y B, M ^ <cil^ 
Pi/erte (byrty, Pyrty) ©pt. st. =»Pyr-\ pyrt'k 
gain 

VJ 1232; GMS 931; STi 47.7; STii 9.1, 1.1 5 

3033 pyrtch S ^,ol 
pi/crtc ©f. adj. =>Pyrt>k 

gain, obtained 
MDii, Nov. 3R 25 

3034 pyrtk => pyrt'k 

3035 byrty C => pyrt>y 

3036 pyrty => pyrt>y 

3037 pyrty J n M <iy ^J^ i^l^ 
Pert-yan 

blessed, having favor 
Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 142.1 

3038 Pyry(y) M cJ^ymy* 
Pirc ^Pyr*k 

gain, success 

GMS 962; Hen. Tales. 480.26 ; JRAS 1944, 142.5 

3039 bys' C Jj^<£> 
pesa =»bs\ Pyks B r 

outside 

GMS 463; STi 70.13; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214 ; 
BSTii: C2 gloss. 

3040 PysV S oj^^> 
Pesar =^>bys\ bs\ Pyks'r 

outside 

CII 1990 p82 E7 

3041 pyskwn 

Piskun ©2sg. pers. dur. =*P- 
AVS 227 

3042 pyst- M 
Post (byst-) ©pt. st. ^Pynt-, Pst- 
(to)bind 
BBB ; GMS 110, 516,837 

3043 byst- C => Pyst- 



CjF~* 



120 



{*<3>j* 



3044 bystr C -* Pystr 

3045 pystr M {j^J^j^ij^^jj^ 
Pestar (bystr) =*pykstr 

farther 

STi 26.5; GMS 463, 1288 

3046 bysty C =» Pystyy 

3047 pystyy M j~*l<*^~> 
Paste (bysty) ©pp. pi. -t =>bsty 

prisoner, captive 
STi 38.1; BBB 485 

3048 pysykyn B (^^C^oJL- *!*.*>• tj^j* 
peseken =»Pyc 

therapeutic, curative 

Benv. Notes 4.496, ; BSTBL, Padm. 32, fiysykmn 
GMS 949 

3049 bytyq' C 

J3eti(ka) ©3sg. op. mid. fut. -»p-, Pw- 
C2, 54R16 

3050 byw C 
Pyu -»by J , wPyw 
both, also 
GMS 101; STii 5.21 

3051 pywn- B 0^,>- t 
PyQn, Piwan ? ©*abi-waina- ©impf. fl>ywn 

^Py'wn- 
0o)foresee 
GMS 434n 2; VJ 820; AVS 97 

3052 bywnd'ry C ^^ 
pyonSare 
prophecy 
STSC 

3053 bywnqy* C ^^ 
Pyon(a)kya 
prophecy 
STi 30.11 

3054 bywny C ^ 
Pyone ©pi. -f ; ob. pi. -ty -^Py'wn'y, >Pywny 
prophet 
STi 3.17, 58.5,6, 11, 59.15; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 

p214 ; STii 1.30, 66, 3.24, 5.35, 6, 2, 3 etc.; C2, 
48R20, 52R 15, 55R28, gloss. 

3055 pyyj- M 
Poz =» } Pyz-, Pyj-, pyz-, byz- 
bad 
GMS 76 

3056 pyyjypr'n M 
PajParan ^^Pyjpr'n 



miserable 

Hen. Tales. 473.21 

3057 pyynd- =* pynd- 

3058 byz- =* »pj- 

3059 pyz- B, S ( j^ >^ jj)jlX <ju 
Poz, pez =*Pyj-, byz-, >Pz-, pz-, >pj-, >Pyz-, 

Pyyj- 

bad, evil 
GMS 179 

3060 byz- C c~\i<Jb 
Paz, Pez =*Pyj-, >Pyz-, pyz-, Pyyj- 

bad, evil 

STii 5.21; GMS 1181 

3061 pyz'ywkst B \ J ^ ti cJ^x 
Pozayukst ©elat. ^'pyz'ywksth 

miserable 

VJ 822; GMS 1311? JRAS 1942, 99 

3062 pyz'k' B -uby*; 
Pize ©<*bizaka-, Skt. bljaka 

seed 

Mack, n p41.55 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 55, 75 etc.; Bailey. 
BSOAS 21, 42 

3063 PyzV B y**<o€j 
Pize, pizak ? 

organ 

TSP 6.49, 10.21 n p203 ; Frag. Len. 

3064 pyzpHk S 
pozPare =» , Pzpr > k(w), >pyzP > rch 
miserable 
Benv. Notesiii 235; Anc. Lett. 1.9 



3065 pyzkn'k B 
Pozkane 
base, low 
SCE 11, 16,72 

3066 pyzm B 
Pi/szm ? 

painful 

TSP 21 iii 3n p234 

3067 pyzypVcyh S 
PozParcya 

misery 

Frag. Len. 50.5, 52.1 

3068 pyzycyk S 
Pozecik ©pi. -t 
miserable, poor 
MDii pl74.7 



(jS^'-Ji^^^jJ* 



(f*£ : Jr=~ J ) 0^>, t^bij* 



i*** 



I OmI 



(CC?cjX 



^WM-^^-^^MHH 



^^^^^i^^H^HM 



121 



cWkw 



3069 pz- B, S juL «x 
Poz, p(i)z, Pez (bz-) ©<bazda ; *bazdya ©in 

compd. =» } Pyz-, >pz- pj-, Pyj-, } Pj- 
bad 
GMS 179; fizy, MDii "hardship" 

3070 *bz- =» bzyst 

3071 bz- C =* Pz- 

3072 pz^'wk S c— fjii.j^** 
pozaxuk ^'Pyz'Ywk *, 'Pz'ywk, bz*xwq 
sorrowful, unhappy 

MD 

3073 pzYwkw S -» bz»xwq 

3074 pz'yst- B : oj^jIj- 
pozyast ©pt. st. =^Pzy6- PjySS-, Pjyst- 
0o)mount 

GMS 376, 483 

3075 pz } Ysty B -J£jl>- 
P^zyastc ©pp. 

mounted 
TSP 2.200 

3076 pz'ywty* S =» bz'xwty* 

3077 pz'ywty'kh S j±yxc^ 
P(3)zaxutya ->bz } xwty } , 'Pj'xwty^ 

hardship 
MDii A17R4 

3078 pz'w- B o^j\ 
p(o)zaw (pz'w-) =>Pzwt-, 'pz'w-, pj>w- 
0o)grow, GcOincrease 

BSTBL, Vim. 93 

3079 pzV- => pz>w~ 

3080 bz'w- C o^^JJi 
P(o)zaw =>pj>w-, 'pz'w-, Pz } w- 
(ro)increase 

BSTii 873.16; C2, 66R16 

3081 bz'xwq C jlujjj<couju 
P(o)zaxuk (PzYwkw) =*PzYwk 

suffering, painful 

C2 gloss.; STSC 13430; MD 

3082 bz>xwty> C o^i ttJi ^ 
P(a)zaxutya (Pz^wtyO ©pi -yt =>pzYvty } kh, 

'Pj'xwty'h 
suffering, pain, distress, martyrdom 
C2 gloss. ; STi 57.17; Benv. JA 1955, 332 

3083 p^h B ^u^, 

Pszik ©adv. ^'Pz'yk 
with hardship 



VJ58 e 

3084 pz'yn B . xjj 
Pzyn ?, fzyn ?, Pozyn ? (Pzyn, P^yn) ©Av. 

frazainti- 
son, offspring 
BSTBL, Vim. 61, 70; GMS 315A, 1026A 

3085 pz'yn ** Pz'yn 

3086 pzWk B ^Uio/^UI 
P(o)zirene (Pz'yryn'k, Pz'yryn'y) =» J Pjyr f ync, 

Pcyryn'k 
diamantine 
GMS 1058; BSTBL, Dhy. 325; TSP 9.1355.20; 

Lentz. STii 545 n8 

3087 pz'yrn'k B ^UI«j/^UI 
Pozirnc (pz'yrn'y) ^Pjyr'ync, Pjyrnyh 
diamantine 

BSTBL, Dhy. 326 ; STii 8.8; GMS 1058 

3088 p^yrn'y =» Pz>yrn>k 

3089 p^yryn'k B =» Pz , yr»yn ) k 

3090 pz'yryn^ *± pz^yr'yn'k 

3091 Pzy6- B b^Jy 
p(o)zYa5 (P?y5-) ©impf. fi'zVS, pazYad 

^Pz^st-, Pjy55-, bzYd-, } nzYSt- 
(/<?)mount 
GMS 619; TSP 9.84, 3.232; VJ 855 

3092 p ? Y6- =» Pzy§- 

3093 bzYd- C uJiji>- 
P(o)zYa5 ©<*abi-zgad ©impf. tfzYd =>Pzy5-, 

Pj Y 55- 
(rc)mount 
C2, 77R5 ; AVS 114 

3094 pzn^my B (pXW-YJ/)*^ 
Pazm5ane ? 

stomach, bladder 

TSP 7.57; Benv. n p211 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 248 

3095 pzn- B, M f > 
pazn ©ace. -w =»nwpznyy 

shame 

TSP 12.5 n p224 ; SCE 204; GMS 1161; BBB 
fiznw fir- "be ashamed" 

3096 bznbrqy* C iSJ^J^'u^r* 
P(a)zn-Parkya ? => } Pznw 

thanksgiving 

S W, C2, 57V13 n pll7 

3097 bzngYy C j&juj&kf 
P(o)zangare ^bznq'ry*, Pjng'ryy, ^yz'nk'r'k, 



bznqVqy* 



122 



§ 



p 



Ojl^- ialo <^J^A^ 



'Pjng'ry 
sinful, evildoer 
STii4.28 ; C2, 69R17 

3098 bznqVqy' C 
P(o)zangar(o)kya 
sinfulness, wickedness 
C2, 11V21 

3099 bznqVy => bzng'ry 

3100 bznq'ry 1 C ^>J^A '^J^ <l? J^y. 
(3(o)zangarya ^bzng'ry 

wickedness 
C2, 40V 6 n p85 

3101 p Z \vt- B : j&j^SjSiQX^Jjj 
(3(o)zut ©pi. st. =»Pz>w- 

{to)gio\\ f 
TSP 6.175 

3102 p Z yk S 
Pozik -^Pz'yk, bzyq 
hardship 
MDii Pzykw A14, 19 

3103 bzyq C 
P(o)zik ©pi. -/ =»Pzyk 
bad, evil 

C2 gloss.; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214 

3104 pzyn B =» Pz>yn 

3105 bzyst C (U)^ 
poz(ist) (*bz-) ©pi. 

goatCy) 

GMS 1186 n 1 ; STi 24.1,22.22 



<L$* 



^S*jJj iOPtyJU iJv 



3106 c- jl 
c(a)-, c(i)- ©encl. prcpos. =»cnn, c'wnc, 

cyw'y6, cym'ySCh), cyw'nt, cynVnt, ckn'c, 

cm'nCy), endr, cwpr, cyw 
of, from 
GMS 1611 

3107 -c jl 
-(a)c ©encl. prepos. =»-mc, -Pc, -sc, m } xnc, 

-mPc, -mnc, } c 
of, from 
GMS 1611 

3108 c»pyz ) Ywksth =» c> 

3109 c> B jj^<*?<j-&^ 
ca (c'Pyz'ywksth) ©elat. pref. =»w >? 



how, what, how much 

GMS 1312, 1582; VJ 1100, cVry, VJ 825 

3110 c>- jl 
ca- (cy) ©<*haca ©encl. prepos. ^c'm'kOO, 

c^klh), cKvysn 
of, from 
GMS 1610-21 

3111 c J p B, S (uys >^ j^jjjjbtx^-ijjM*- 
caf ©indecl. adj. & adv. ^c'f 

how many, how much, as much as 
GMS 1540; EGSii 160; TSP; VJ ; MDii; MDiii; 
MSP 

3112 c'p* S y jUy 
cafa ©<haca-0wa ? ©prepos. + 2sg. pers. pron. 

(of)you 

GMS 437 n5, 1354; Hen. Talcs. 474 

3113 c^kCh) B.S j jl,y 
cafak ©prepos. + 2sg. pcrs. pron. =*c>- 
(<?/)you 

VJ 1406; KG 518, 566; MDii, Nov. 4 R5 etc.; 
GMS 1354 ; c'filc, MDii B-17R2 etc. MDiii B3, 
7 

3114 c J p c>p B,S J^U^LrW 
caf caf ^cT c'f 

surrounding, around 

VJ 14 b ; TSP 3.244 f ; GMS 1587 A; KG 466, 467 

3115 c*pr B, S (j^^ ^j^ jj)jLx^yi *xj>- <jji>- 
caP/far =*w>pr 

however, how much 

EGSii 133, 160; GMS 1589; TSP 2.27 etc,, VJ 

1114; STii 7.30; SCE 511; BSTBL, Intox. 21; 

MDii 

3116 c'pyzt B o^j^-cjw*- 
ca-pi/ozt ©elat. ; adj. =^c } - 

how bad 

VJ 827; GMS 1314 

3117 c>c S £ U-*ju£it 
cac 

Tashkand(C7rac/0 

MDii; Hen. Sogdica. 9 ; Gersh. MJM 55 ; e'ew, 
MDii A- 14, 19 

3118 c^n^ *=» e'eny 

3119 e'eny B ,.*-U«.sJu£iLr 
cac(e)ne (e'eyny, dcynk, e'en'y) 
from Tashkand(C7iac/0 
MDii p81f, A14.5; Sogdica. 8, 9.6b 



^ 



123 



c'n'kw 



Jsik <>--> 



3120 c'cynk S =» c>cny 

3121 c'cyny =» c J cny 

3122 c'8r B, M, S 
ca5ar ©<*haca-aSari ©postp.& adv. ^c^rstr, 

c*str 
under, below 
EGSii 155; GMS 1611; TSP 3.122 etc.; MDii; 

BSTBL; BBB 490 

3123 c^rcy B 
ca5arci ©adj. 
lower 
GMS 1006; STii 10.47, 48, 50, 51 

3124 c'Srcyq M =» c>5rcyk C)) . 



ji>.j 



Ji>j=iVJi>-J 



Cjnk i Jii 



3125 c>8rcyk ()) B, S 

caSarcik (c J 6rcyq) ©adj. 
low {est) 

GMS 1014 ; SCE 72, 209, 421; TSP 15.7; MDii 
A 14, 15,28; BSTBL, Vim. 25 

3126 c J 5r kr'n B {jlJ^jj^ ^jjj o#^)^l < 
ca5ar kran =» } sky kyr*n 
west 
TSP 3.235 

3127 c'Srp'r M 
caSarpar ^c'p'r 
below 

GMS 1116 

3128 c'Srs'r B, M, S (j^> ^±^ jj)> 3 J ^J^IJ> 
caSarsar ^c^r, cyrts*r ? 

downwards, below 

GMS 459, 1612; VJ ; TSP 3.199, 230, 238, 2.584, 

13.21; BSTBL, Dhy. 57 ; Frag. Len. 20V23; 

MDii; MSP 

3129 c'Srstr B, M 
ca5arstar ^c'str, c>5r 
lower 

GMS 459, 1288; TSP 11.34, 35 

3130 c'f M,C ^JW^^,^ 
caf ©indecl. adj. & adv. =*c>P 

how much, how great, as much as 
GMS 1540, 1585 ; S W, C2 p73 & gloss.; BBB d2 ; 
STii 9.9; STi 8.15 

3131 c>f> C yjl 
cafa ©prcpos. + 2sg. pron. ^c , P ) 

(o/)you 

BSTi 249; C2 gloss. 
3l32c>fc>f M,C u^U^l>) 



ct-j&h <J>jxk 



caf-caf =>c'P c } P 
around, surrounding 

BBB e24 ; GMS 1587A; Benv. Eti 315; C2, 60V 23 
pl32 

3133 c > fry88 M ^ojLAijjLi^ 
caf(a)re5 ^w'fyd 

as much as 
GMS 1592 

3134 c'fyd C aT^jUa 
cafcS 

in as much as 

C2, 51R27, 61V30 

3135 cV w ny B, C ^zjlj jj)^ <ol^T i^JL^tj^- 

cayonc (c'ywn'y, c'ywn'k, c>ywny) 

how, as 

EGSii 134 ; GMS 1114, 1542, 1583; TSP; BSTBL; 

STii 8.2; SCE 552; BSTi 85; c'Ywn'kw, Frag. 

Len. 76.3 

3136 c'ywn'k =» c^wny 

3137 c'ywn'y =» c^'wny 

3138 c'ywnch S \ J p T i J _^ 7 
cayonc 

how, why 
Anc. Lett. 4.4 

3139 c'ywny => c'yHvny 

3140 cVst'y =* ckst'k 

3141 c'ra' B, M, C j* j'sy 
cama (m*-) -^c'm'kOi) 

me, of me 

GMS 1343, 1610; VJ 1076; BBB 538, 644, 681; 

STii 3.17 ; Frag. Len. 27.8; BSTi 180; BSTii; C2 

gloss. 68R 4, 9 ; MDiii 27.8 

3142 c'm'kth) B, S ^j'sj" 
cama(k) ^cW, c>- 

me, of me 

VJ 81, 190, 1339, 1412; MDii; Frag. Len. 67.4; 

c'mk, Anc. Lett, 2.39 ; MDii B18, 3; EGSii 110; 

GMS 1343 

3143 c J n C ^.x^^ijj^. 
can(y) (c'ny) 

how 

STi 67.3, 15 ; STii 1.83, 85, 3.10; GMS 1543; Sund. 
AoFviii 1981 p214 

3144 c'n'kw B, M, S (j^j^^K^j^^O^ 
canaku (c'nkw) ©<*haca-anaka ©adv.; interj. 



c'n'w 



124 



Uj 



<j*k *>-J 



pron. ; conj. =»KZNH, c'n'w, >YK (,) 
as, when, since, while 
EGSii 75, 135, 176; GMS 1543, 1600, <?nkw, MSP; 

Frag. Len.; MDii, c y nkw, Tales. 475.15 

3145 c'n'w (u>> y^. j->)^o^ ^j^3 'jj^ <jjr 
canu/o =»KZNH, >YKZY, >YMT(w), cnw, c>n>kw 
as, while, since 

GMS 1543, 1595-1601; cWry, BBB "when" 

3146 c'nkw =^ cWkw 

3147 c'nw B jt,^ 
canu 

of, than 

GMS 437 n5, 1306 (used with compd. adj.); VJ 

948 S 

3148 c'nwt C 
canut ©conj. 
because 
C2, 48R1 n p85 ; c>nwyty t C2, 12R5, 27R17 

3149 c>ny C =» c>n 

3150 c'p'r C 
capar ©postp. -^c'Srp^ 
under 

BSTii 875.6; Schwartz. HMV 39; C2, 13V 23, 
66V6, 77V 18 

3151 c'p'rcyq C jj^ <>jj lJs! i ^^u^l 
caparcik ©adj. 

below, downwards, situated below 
C2, 22V 14 ; Benv. J A 1955, 329 

3152 c'prmw S <r^=5j<0- 
caparmu 

until, when, as long as 

GMS 1608 ; Anc. Lett. 2.25, 27 ; Frag. Len. 8V 4, 
c y prm 

3153 c'r'ynh B cr**** s*~* fi tjA? 
jalin ©pr. name 

(name o/)Sudashan's daughter 
VJ 

3154 c'r6»p'6w B U^oL*- 
car0a-pa8u ^cyrSp^w, crfip'Syh 
quadruped 

VJ 1178; GMS 111, 440; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 139, 
149 

3155 cV C 
casa ©<caSarsar ©adv. -^c's'r 
downwards 
BSTii 826.8; C2, 94R8 



j±\ 



3156 cVr M, C, S ^l^. 
casar ®<*c y ds y r <c y 5rs > r -^c's', c^rs'r 
downwards, below 

GMS 459; BSTi 227, 228; MDii 

3157 c'smn M ^^.1^1, 
j/casmin 

jasmine 
GMS 70 n 1 

3158 c'str M Jjii'J&k, 
castar ©<*c } Jsrr <c y Srstr **c } 8x 

lower 

GMS 459; Hen. Tales. 481.33 

3159 c't B .u 

r 

cat ©Av. cau Knot, caia; Skha; Bal. ca6\ 

Khwar. ct\ Oss. cada 
well 
SCE 527; Bailey. JRAS 1970 

3160 c'twxt M -^ jja>- <ju;o- 
ca-tuyd ©<ca-tur~t ©clat. adj. 

how fast 
GMS 254, 1314 

3161 c'tyk M (.[>j/)^t> 
catik ©adj. 

W)well 

Sund. Man. Lett. 305.22 

3162 c'w S jt^^jj>r 
caw, zaw ©Parth. pw t y bg y w 

flow, tide 
Sund. MSP p44 

3163 cVn B, M, S (<Jy> >A* >>)j'<jT jl 
con ©<*haca-awana =*cnn, en, c- 

of, from it 

EGSii 85; GMS 1610, 1681; VJ ; STii, BSTBL; 
TSP; SCE, c } wn. . . pyS'r 

3164 cSvnc C 
cone ?, cawanc ? (*c > wnty) ©f. 
what kind of 

BSTii 849.16, 851.3; C2 gloss, n p55 

3165 *cVnty =» c'wnc 

3166 cNvysn B 
cawes(a)n =»c } -, wysn 
of them 
TSP 2.89 

3167 cp- B 
cof ©<*rr/?; Khwar. y cfy ©inf. -y, 
(/^Osteal 



J aiOS— <<Ua>*J>- 



LtsTjl 



-y =*cf- 



125 



ckkr 



GMS 150, 277, 508, 610; TSP 526, 79; SCE 156, 
159, 161; AVS 108 

3168 cpt- B jjbi> 
capd ©pt, st. 

GcOsteal 

TSP 5.112,7.138 

3169 cptVmyk B fJ l^ 
caftarmik ? ^ctP'rmyk 

fourth 

GMS 442; TSP 2.326 

3170 cptw B .jojji 
ca(3du, caftu ©pp. =*cpt- 

stolen r 

TSP 5.112,7.138 

3171 c6-(\v) B L jfji JjjjT uX )ljjljl* JL-^^^-^U 

\oJj>~ ij->b- *_S-^-< 

j/ca5(u) ©Khot. jaya\ Turk, yada <*yatu ? 

magic 

TSP 3.123 n pl95 ; Bailey. BSOAS 15, 533 

3172 c8y k>ry B ^,/^U 
ca6y-kare, ja5e-kare 

magician 

TSP 3.231, 240; Hen. Sogdica. 5 

3173 cf- M,S j±>p 

C3f ->Cp- 

GcOsteal 

GMS 150, 277, 508 ; perf. st. c/dV-, Sund. AI 28, 
1988, 181 

3174 cy»k S =* cy'k 

3175 cy'k B, S {j^^'J^^y-^^Jyc^^ 
caxak (cy'k) =»cx- 

dispute, fight 

TSP 7.63 n p212 ; Frag. Len. 16, 22, 38.13, cY*k 

3176 cy'ny M ^u*- 
cayane 

from Chaghan 
Sogdica. 8.8b, n p9 

3177 cyn- M *,_j 
cayn ©nom. cYn\ gen. cYnf =»cynh 

silk 

BBB 527; GMS 1178 

3178 ^nh S iJ^^)^J 
cayna, cayana ©f. n. ob. -yh =*cyn- 

silk 

MDii pl8l,12 A 5, 12 

3179 cynrVk ? B =» cyzr'w'k 



3180 cyr- B, S <^><£>r 
caxr ©ace. -w; nom., ob. -y(h) =>cxr-, ckkr 
wheel, circle 

TSP 2.144, 216, 924; Frag. Len. 93.17: O 2 17 

3181 cyrh =* syrh 

3182 cys- S j*f<&fsSj> 
caxs ©pt. cYsty ? ^'c'xs-, ptexs- 

0o)take, (to)grasp 
MDii pl27npl28, 8 

3183 cysty S •jzSj* 
caxste ©pp. =»cxsty 

grasped 

MDii pl27 n pl28 ; cYsty m'tym, lsg. perf. B16.8 

3184 cywty B (^<a*i;jL^.>)ju^ 
cayut 

owl 

SCE 148 ; Hen. LW 96 

3185 cyz- B (>^ .-J^^^y 
cayz ©Yaghn. caYz ©ace. -w ; abl. -> 

frog, toad 

TSP 3.250; SCE 178; Hen. L W 96 

3186 cyz r'yh S («Ljy"cJ.j)Jv 
cayz- ray ^r'y 

marsh land 

Gersh. Melanges Benv. 196ff ; MDii B16, 8 

3187 cyzr'w'k B <»j'jj^)^T^ a j^<^jj ji^jy-iw 

cayz- rawe 
frog's eggs 
Hen. Texts. 727; TSP 3.134; Benv. cYnrWk? 

3188 ck»t B (jK^)j\^i4» 
cakat (ck } t) ®<*cakata% Pahl. cakad 

peak, forehead 

BSTBL, Dhy. 20; TSP 2.282, 3.285; SCE 96 

3189 ck'st'y B, M J*Vc^j 
c(o)k3Ste ©<*duskast ©pi. -t =*ckst*k 

ugly 

SCE 10; GMS 286 ; dus-karsa ? 

3190 ck't -» ck»t 

3191 ck'stky* M jAj 
c(a)kastakya 

ugliness 
GMS 1089 

3192 ckkr B, S ^ 
cakr ©ob. -v ^5rm ) yk ckkr, cyr-, cxr- 
wheel 



cqn* 



126 



BSTBL, Padm. 17; Frag. Len. 93.16; SCE 182 

3193 cqn> C ^jl.uT j! 
cakna ©<*haca+kand\ A v. kana =>ckn>c, 

cnkn'c, c- 
where(/ro/nX (from) what 
GMS 1539; STii 4.42; C2, 87V8, 102V18 

3194 cqn'c M => ckn'c 

3195 ckn'c B, M, S jj^ <<£7>U>- <, «Tl^7 jl <b*T ji 

caknac (cqn'c) ©c-jfc/z'-c-, *hacd-kand-hacd 

^cnknk;, cqn\ c- 
v/hevc(from\ whence, (/rcw)which, whom 
GMS 1518; VJ ; TSP 7.31, 9.55 ; STii 10, 34; MDii; 

Frag. Len. 57.6, 92.10; BBB b66, 81; S W, SGI 

1986, 416; ckn } cw t STii 8.3 

3196 ckn'cw py5V B, M \^ 
caknacu piSar 

why 

BSTBL, Dhu. 232; STii 8.3 

3197 cqn' pyd'r C <r^< f >r 
cakna(c) pi6ar =^ckn*cw py8 ) r 

why 

BSTBL, Vim. 20, Dhu. 228, 230; Hen. Talcs. 

467.38 

3198 ckst»k B v^Hjju^j 
cokoste (c'k'st'y, cksty, ckst'k) ©*dus-ka(r)sa- 

=»ck } st } y 
ugly 
GMS 286, 1089; SCE 16, 69 

3199 ckst'k => ckst'k 

3200 ckstwny M 
c(o)kostu/one/i 
ugliness 
GMS 1089 

3201 cksty M =» ckst»k 

3202 clyb> C 
caliba ©<Syr. 
cross 
BSTii 880.13; C2, 77R13 

3203 cm- M, S 
cam (DKhot. tcePma-, Khwar. tsam; Orm. cimi 

©nom. ace. -y(yh pi. cmt\ ob. cmf =*csm, 

cym- 
eye 
GMS 385; STii 1:26, 2.16, 21; BSTi 151 

3204 cm>n(y) B j, j 



i_aJL^ <uJL*- 



"r^ 



ca-man(y) ©<*haca-man ^cnm'ny, c- 
from heart 

TSP 5.75; GMS 337, 1611; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 
143.3 

3205 crnqy 1 C ^- <> ^yy < 
cam(a)kya =»csm, cym-, cm- 
G?/)cye, optical 

STii 3.36; Benv. Notesiii 223; Mack. BSOAS 
1970, 116 

3206 cmt'r M jl^ja cJT (^) 
camtar ©ob. -yh ? 

(a kind <?/)musical instrument 
Sogdica. 16a. 1 ; Hen. Texts. 727 

3207 cmxwy M (jfr ^y)^/^^ cJT 
camxuy ? ©MP cmb 

(a kind c/)musical instrument 

Hen. Sogdica. 36.29 n p38 ; Mittclir. 80 n 2 

3208 en M, C, S (J>>>^ j->)^j<* <*>*-< j' 
can ©<*/iaca-avvana ©prcpos. + abl. 

=»cn } wxy, cnm'ny, c-, c'w'n, enn, *c 
of, from, out of, by, than 
GMS 85, 1610 

3209 cn> M, C cij 
cana ©abl. =>csn (,) , cn'wq 

thirsty 

GMS 386, 1205; C2, 69R25 

3210 cn'yty B, S (<*-jgs* <, : iS ^> ^ <i^>- j-O^uiT /^l 
canay(a)tc (cnyty) ©<can+dTate ? =»cn } nyty 
completely, absolutely 

GMS 475, 1611; TSP 2.43, 340, 574, 69, 467 
n pl69 ; MDii 1.1, 20; MSP b88 

3211 cn'nyty B 
cananyate ©<can+anYate ^cn'yty 
completely 
TSP 2.492 

3212 cn'nstty B 
cananste ? (ensty) 
completely 

SCE 124; GMS 475, 1611 

3213 cn?wq C 
canauk, canuq ? =»csn ()) , csnwq, cn } 
thirsty 
STi 24.7, 25.16, 27.10; GMS 1076 

3214 cnNvxy M 
canuxe/i ? ©Av. anhuyat haca ^cnm'ny, 

cnywy, cnywcm'ny 
from heart 



Sur<k^ 



}Ui 



j^jf 






i i " 1 



127 

BBB 730-, GMS lln 1, 337; Benv. JA 1959, 123 

3215 cn5>n S =» cndn 

3216 cndn M o'-^r <-l^- ijj&T ijj&>- 
candan (cnS'n) ^cntn 1 

so much, so 

GMS 1609; Frag. Len. 120.6; BBB 

3217 cndr M J^b<j-d :> 
condar, candar ©c-ndr y *haca-antar =*cyndr, 

cyntr 1 , cntr, c- 
in, inside 
BBB f90 ; GMS 1611, 1631 

3218 cn5rs>r =» cntrs'r 

3219 cngry* M : (jU ^y)^- < JL>- 
cangarya ^cyngry* 

{a kind 6>/)musical instrument, (a kind c>/)harp 
Sogdica. 36.30 n p38 

3220 cnyty B => cn'yty 

3221 cnywcm'ny B J^jo^j) 
canaxu-c(a)mane ^cn'wxy, cnm*ny 

from the depth of one's heart 
GMS 337; TSP 5.75 n p201 ; BSTBL, Intox. 36; 
Benv. JA 1959, 123 

3222 cnywy B Ji jl <oU- jl 
canaxwe ©Av. anhuyat haca =*cn J wxy 

from heart 

TSP 5.75; Benv. JA 1959, 123 

3223 cnkn>c B uT jl 
cankanac ^ckn'c 

where 

STii 7.36; enn kn>c, VJ 3' 

3224 cnm'ny M ^ji < jj jl 
can-mane <£)<*haca- manah- ^cnVnCy), 

cnywcm'ny 
of heart 
GMS 337; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 143.3; BBB 

730, 731 

3225 enn B, M, S (J^^-^)jl 
cann ©<haca-awana ©prepos. =»cn, cwn, 'c, 

'enn, c'wm, MN 
of, from 
EGSii 122, 164; GMS 85, 535 

3226 ennsty B ^ /^UT 
canste, cananste ? (ensty) 

completely 

GMS 475; VJ 39 d , 48 d , 722, 63'; TSP 2.711; SCE 
338 



C<aJa i 



i jJUJ I 



'i 



cntrpVyck 

3227 ensty => ennsty, cn'nstty 

3228 cnt'mny B jj^jjjl ^*^f <J^jjj'i' 
cintamani (cyntWny) ©Skt. cintamani 

wish jewel 

STii 7.29, 40 ; cynt'm'n, VJ 7 ; cynt*rriny y Padm. 
32, 65 

3229 cnt'n p'm'k B jx^ S,j tSijJejk 
candan |3ame ^cntn 5 

brown 

TSP 3.100; Hen. Texts. 726 

3230 cntV B ( J/j^f )^U , 
candar/1 ©<Skt. candala 
outcast 
TSP 2.639, 783 

3231 cntn 1 B, S, C jlx^,, 
cand/tan ©indccl. adj. & adv. =»cndn 
how much, as much 

VJ 1287; TSP 2.502; C2, 52R12, 57V20; GMS 
1609; EGSii 134; MDii 

3232 cntn 3 B (u^f <Jx-f)J-u^> 
candan ©Skt. canadana =*cnt } n pWk 
sandalwood 

VJ 15, 96, 20*; TSP 3.171, 271 etc.; BSTBL, Padm. 
39(N) 

3233 0110^11^ B Ja^jI-c^U.Jj^ 
candanene (cntnyny) 

{made o/)sandalwood 
TSP 3.179, 180, 195 

3234 cntnyny =^ cntn'yn'k 

3235 cntr B, S (o^>^jj)J^bij^'^ 
ca/ondar ©Yaghn. cintir =^cndr, cyntr 1 

in, inside 

GMS 1611; EGSii 155; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; SCE 164, 

370; KG; MSP; Frag. Len. 4.4, 58.3, cntrK TSP 

2.215 

3236 cntrpV B j JjP <j^b < Jc-b 
candar-par (cyntrp'r) 

in, inside 

BSTBL, Dhu. 172, 49, 123; Frag. Len. 69.29 

3237 cntrpVcyk B, M jj^ < j^b < J^b 
cindar parcik ^cyntrp'r'yck^ 

internal 

BSTBL; Dhu. 118; BBB 671; GMS 1013, 1116 

3238 cntrpVyck B J>jj><J^^ 
candar-parick ^cyntrp'Wyck^ 

inside, internal 

GMS 976 n 1 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 53 



cntrsV 



128 



3239 cntrsV B, S Js-b*^ 
candarsar (cnfirs^) =»cyns\ cyts'r, cyntrs>r 

inside, in, into 

VJ 898; TSP 3.13; GMS 460; Frag. Len. ; cnSrs'r 
37.6.7 

3240 cntr(y) S ok-**-" J^ J j^r jy^ ->j*ai/»)«k-fc 

candar(y) ^cyntr 1 

inland, inside(C7i/na) 

Anc. Lett. 6.13n 9 ; Hen. BSOAS 12.604, 9, 605 

3241 entry s'r j**- ^^ ij^ * < Ji-b * 
candare-sSr 

0<?}China, (toward j)China 
Anc. Lett. 222 

3242 enw S, C jdUjj> 
canu -^cWw 

as, like 

BSTi 116; Anc. Lett. 1.6 

3243 cp'ys M, S **Js* *cr* j 
capls ? 

chief 

Sogdica. 33.2, 34 n 1; MDii A14, 22 

3244 cpS* M, S Ol/O 

(cpd>) 
at once 

MDii A14, 24 n p89 ; Hen. Tales. 475.30; KG 465; 
Sund.pl 32; MSP b88 

3245 cpd> C =* cpS> 

3246 cr }) Y B, M, C ^1^ 
caray (cr*Y) ©Parth. cr } g ©pi. -t 

light, lamp 

SCE 221, 493; TSP 6.106, 125, 135, 137, 170, 180, 
8.107; Tales. 478, 41; GMS 1518; C2 57R8 ; STi 
38.2; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214, cr>g 

3247 cr'y -► cr*y 



3248 cr>Ycykh S 
caraY-cik 

(of I for) lamps 
CII 1990 B7 

3249 cr^rwk B 
caray-Saruk 
lampstand 

TSP 6.137 n p205 

3250 cr>q C 

carak -^cr'qd'r- 



u^C^ l J"^ 



<£'>r v^)^t'>r 



(o^J'iJr ) c v <tf jW>r <L 



f jP7 £C ~*Jl 



pasture 

BSTii 879.14; C2, 87V 14 n pl64 

3251 cr'qd'r- C b>yj\~ 
carak-5ar =*cr>q 

(ro)dwell 
STSC 17 

3252 crap'Syh M ij^ 
car9-paSe ^tfrS'p^w 

quadruped 
BBB 507 

3253 crks B, M, S ^J 

carkas ©<Av.'kahrkasa 

vulture 

GMS 139, 249; TSP 3.238, 1320; Bailey. Asica. 8 

3254 crm B, S 
carm ©Av. carzman ©ob. -yh 
skin, leather 
GMS 940; TSP 3.243, 253, 9.147, 13.27, 2211; 

MDii A10, 3,4 B3, 13 B19, 5 

3255 crmkryy M 
carm-kare 
skinworker 
Sogdica. 54.5 

3256 crmny C 
carm(a)ne ©pi. -t 
(made <?/)skin 
BSTii 90523; C2, 57V23 

3257 crp B 
carp ©ob. -y 
fat 
TSP 2.372 

3258 crpYwfin B 
carp-Yo5an 
ointment 
TSP 3.171 n pl97 

3259 CRWRH B -> CWRH 

3260 crxwst C 
carxust 
winepress 
GMS 249; Hen. LW 96; STi 19.16 

3261 cs't M(S) 
ca-sat =»c-, sH 

from all 
GMS 1611 

3262 cs- C 6jUiU 
cas =»ptcs-, cs'ntCh) 



J ^f >r l & 



f>r j'vjt 



\*s? 



jU^» <,^xJU jt-jj 



(<W* >» J^->)^^>r 



■■■HHHHi 



'■'OZy&z-S: \ z^m j<ir : i '*i& 



iMraBrffiR'^y 



(jj_^j*tLiJ 



oJUijj <oJU»U» I 



ij&ji (^yju^li I 



129 



Oo)taste 

Benv. BSL 23.115; Sund. AoFiii 1975, 61 

3263 cs»y- B 
c(o)say ©<*trs- =»csn (,) , en* 

(to)bo thirsty 
SCE 29; GMS 277 

3264 cs'ntywVk B 
casand-xware 
drinker 
TSP 2.461, 24.6 

3265 cs'ntCh) B 
casand =*csnt, cs- 

drink : 

VJ; TSP-, BSTBL, Intox. 2.7 etc.; Vim. 133; SCE 
532; GMS 1066 

3266 cs»ntk B, C <^j 
c(o)sande -»cs»y-, csn {>) , cs l nty 

thirsty 

Dhy. 105, BSTBL; GMS 277, 1068; S W, I1J 1976, 
Frag. 18 

3267 cs'nty B <A^ < (jS u^uT 
c(o)sande (csnt*q) -»c5'ntk 

drink 

BSTBL, Intox. 17.30; C2, 102V27-8 

3268 cskw B J^\ 
c(a)sku ©<asruka ©nom. cskwy =*sysk-y(y), 

'ckw 
tear 
GMS 286 n 1, 423; VJ 1373 

3269 csm ( jy> ^^ j->)^ 
casm ©<casman ©nom. gen. -y; ace. -w; loc. 

-y\ abl. -*; pi. -r\ -th =»cym-, cm- 
eye 

EGSii 83; GMS 258, 385, 1168; -y, VJ ; TSP; 
BSTBL; SCE 322, 409; KG 380, 562; Frag. Len. 
51.3, 93.16; STii 7.6; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214, 
-w, TSP 2,1143, 1204, 7.170; C2, 12V 13; KG 
566; Dhy. 25; SCE 262; BBB 657; -y\ TSP 
3.292; SCE 80; -> , VJ 278; TSP 7.196; SCE 253, 
299, 303; ~t\ VJ 239, 748, 35 c , 1263, 1373; TSP 
2.292; -th. TSP 3.28 

3270 csm'y B 
casme (csmy) ©in compd. 
eye 

GMS 1500; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 139, 142 

3271 csm6n>k(w) S(M) (j/,^)^^^ 
casm-6ane ©<*casman-6dnaka 



csfok* 

eye socket 
GMS 1117 

3272 csmy =» csm'y 

3273 csmy- nmzy } C J^jf** {£=? <& j> 
casme-nimzya ? ©f. 

in blinking of an eye 
C2, 13V 29 n p57.29, Pahl. casm-mezisn 
"moment" 

3274 csmy wyny B <jl£iT<jUju (( J^a 

casme-wene 
visible 

VJ 364, 1500; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 139, 148; Benv. 
Et. Oss. 59, 145 

3275 csn (,) B, S JLu 
cosn(a) ®<*trsna ©abl. -> ~»cn\ csnwq, cs'y- 
thirst 

GMS 150, 277; VJ 814; BSTBL, Vim. 134; C2, 
102V21 pi 78 

3276 csn'mwrtk B JLx jl *>s 
c(o)sna-murte 

died of thirst 

VJ 317 etc ; GMS 386 

3277 csnd'k M, C *U> .^u-^LiT 
casandak (csnt'q) 

drink 

GMS 993, 1066; C2, 102V27 n pl78; BBB 592 

3278 csnt C L ^x r »UJ i^yju^y 
casand =»pwcsnt, cs } nt(h) 

drink 

STi 25.7; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214 ; C2, 14V24 

3279 csnt'q C =* cs'nty, csnd'k 

3280 csnwq C <cj£ 
c(o)snuk ©ob. -y =^csn (l) , cs*ntk, cn*wq 
thirsty 

C2, 102V 27 n pl78 ; BSTii 831, 27 

3281 csny C c^U 
casn(e) =*fr J qcsny 

breakfast 

3282 cst'wcyh B ^jLiij* 
c(o)staucya ^cstw'n 

misery, poverty 
TSP 2.243; GMS 1146 

3283 cst'yk* B r > 
cstlk, costik (cstyk C)) ) => } cstyk, >t5rtyk, } 5rtyk, 

} styk, styk 



_i 



!'}* 



<f>* 



csth 

third 

TSP 9.103; S W, IIJ 1976, Frag. 5.4 

3284 csth B (*j£^^ Jk^ ^ J0<j j ^y^/'j i <o~* , <£' 
koumiss 

BSTBL, Padm. 40; Hen. BSOAS 11, 724 

3285 cstvv'n B c~u5o~ <^i3 < j'y^ 
c(o)stwan ©<dus-tuwan ^Sstw'n 

poor 

SCE 11, 15, 31, 46, 373, 428; BSTBL, Vim. 160; 
GMS 173; W-Lii 

3286 csty B, S 
c(o)sti =»>tcrty, } csty 
third * 

GMS 1331; TSP 5.83, 10.12; Frag. Len. 101R2 

3287 cstyh B c^j^y 
castya ©Av. tarsti <*trsti ^'cstyh, trs- 
tcrror 

TSP 2.785; GMS 150,277 

3288 cstyk (>} B => >cstyk 

3289 cswq C =* cwq, cskw 

3290 ctp'V B, S ( jy> >^ jj)^ 
cotfar, catfar (ctP'r, ctPr) ©<ca&wdn Yaghn. 

tifor -»stf»r 
four 
GMS 173, 295, 1316; S W, C2 p50n4 

3291 ctp'r => ct|3»r 

3292 ctp'rm B pL^ 
catfar(a)m 

fourth 

STii 10.9, 50; GMS 1095; TSP 2.1075, 1093, 1117 

3293 ctp'rmy B fJ l^ 
catfarmi, catfarme 

fourth 
TSP 10.27 

3294 ctp'rmyk B, S fJ \^. 
catfarmik =»ctPrmyk, cpt'rmyk 

fourth 

VJ 248; GMS 442; TSP 3.44; KG 377; ctfl'rmykw, 
MSP b 18, 68 ; CII 1990 A6 

3295 ctf *r M, C =» ctp»r 

3296 ctf'rmyk M f ^ 
catfarmik ^ctp'rmyk, stPrmyq 

fourth 

W-Lii 569; BBB ; GMS 331, 442 

3297 ctf'rwystmyq C =* stfrwystmyq 



130 



3298 cw (u>> >^ j j Vj=t '^3*^ 'j*?^ 140 ?^* 4 *? 
cu Otcw, cww) ©<*d/n =»cwty, cwsw, 'cw 
what, that, which, when, why 

EGSii 132; GMS 1502, 1510, 1525, 1581; BBB; 
S W, 1986 p412, cwpy&r "why"; cw y c "what so 
ever" CII 1990 F 14 

3299 cwq C J& 
cuk, cuk (cswq) =»pwrncwq, >ckw 

tear 

BSTii 851.3, cswq-, Benv. Eti 33 ; S W, C2, 12V3 
n p56, 3 

3300 cwn M jT jl * ji 

caun, con ©<*haca-a\vana =^cnn 
of, of it, from it 

GMS 85, 1446, 1454, 1610 

3301 cwpr (u>>>^- jj)j'><^<^'jf 
c-upar ©<*haca-upari =>c- 

on, upon, above 

EGSii 155; GMS 1611; VJ ; TSP; KG; Frag. Len.; 
BSTBL; STii 1.9, 4.33, 6.36 

3302 CWRH B, S (y*)^*?-*- 
yriwa (CWRYh) ©Idg. ^yv } yv/(h\ yryw 
body, self 

TSP 2.52, 537; STii 9.7, 10.4 n p511 ; BSTBL; SCE 
182-3 etc.; MSP bl40 ; KG 379, 613; Frag. Len.; 
CWRYh, Sogdica. 60 ; KG 508; CRWRH, TSP 
2.534 

3303 CWRYh =» CWRH 

3304 cwsw B w£_(UT 
cu-su 

which one 
BSTBL, Dhu. 291 

3305 cwt M, S, C U 
cut ©conj.; interj. particle 

whether 

EGSii 132; GMS 1528, 1581; STi 21.15, 37.21; 
STii 6.47 ; C2, 39V6, 9 

3306 cwty B, M, C ^ ^^ ^^r^y^rj^^yrr^^ 

cu-ti (cwZY) ©indecl. interrog. pron. & adv. 

=>cwt, cw 
what, which, why, whichever, whatever, 

whether 
GMS 1527, 1546; cw>ty> GMS 1511; BBB f76 

3307 cww M => cw 

3308 cwz'kk B <^r 



131 



cym'yS (h) 



cuzak ©Yaghn. cuja% Khwar. twzk 

chicken 

SCE 233; TSP 2332 

3309 cwZY B, S =» cwty 

3310 ex- C (0^^:J-j-j)oaJL>- 
cax ^cy'k 

(to)fight 

BSTii 832.10, 907.17; C2, 39V2, 40V18, 94R29 

n p83 ; Benv. JA 1955, 299, 1959, 314; cxWr, 

C2, 40V17, trans, pret. 

3311 ex'ty C ^S^r 
caxate (cxnty) ©pp.; pi. -t 

having fought 

C2, 104R 10 * 

3312 cxnty => cx>ty 

3313 cxr- M £^ 
caxr ©Av. caxra ©ace. -vv, ob. -yy =»cyr-, 

ckkr 
wheel 
GMS 266, 520, 1171, 1174 

3314 exs'm M :j^)(jj^^ <^L~ <h jt <f)f±>- ^jjh 

caxsam ' 

eyesalve 
GMS 807 

3315 cxs^CS) M, S y*J<jjz**<j*J 
caxsapaS (sks } pwt, cxs'pt) ©Parth. cx?byd- y 

<Skt, siksapada ©pi. -t ^cxs'pS-mync 
commandment 
BBB; KG 488, 501, 506, 486; Hen. BSOAS 12, 51 

n 1; W-Lii 

3316 cxs'pWx M -GlaU^Ujy^ 
caxsapa5-max ©ob. -y 

monthly orders 
BBB pl23 

3317 cx^pS-mync S ^Jxjs® 
caxsapaSmenc ©f. -h- y pi. -r ; ace. -w 

=»cxs>p5(5) 
legal 
MSP bl05, 198, 85 

3318 cxs'pt =* cxs>p5(5) 

3319 cx^ptyk M ^^Uj>^ jUoU^C*!.^) 
caxsapatik 

(related /^commandments 
GMS 994 

3320cx sty S ^jT«du*i 



caxste =*cys-, cysty 

learned 

MSP b88 ; *Sund. n p44 

3321 cxwd C, M ^^^^f*- 
caxu8 (yhwd) ©pi. -t-, ob. pi. -ty ^cxwo^nc 
Jew, Jewish 

STii 6.5; STi 83.10, 58.2; Sund. AoFviii 1981 
p214, 26R3 

3322 cxw6 ) nc M ij^Mt^J^r 
caxu8anc ©f. adj. =»cxwd 

Jewish 
GMS 1040 

3323 cxwd J ny C <s^jh <*ji*- 
caxu5ane 

Jewish 

STi 45.19; STii 6.1-, GMS 1041 

3324 cxw6 Py6>ny S 
caxu5-pay5ane 
synagogue 
Hen. BSOAS 18.367 n3 

3325 cy =* c'-, cymy6(5) 

3326 cySnyh M (o^- <J^jk-)^i>>^ * 
ciSane ? ©MP cyVn\ <*ci; fkai 
dagger, sword 
Sogdica. 35.1, 36; Bailey. Prolexis. 184 

3327 cySyt =* ( y5yyt 

3328 cym- C 
ci/om (cymtO ©Khot. tcaima-, Khwar. elm 

©ace. -h>; pi. -;*; ob. pi. -ty* =*cm-, csm 
eye 
Benv. JA 1955, 309; C2, 111 R9, 12V2, 60R 14, 

61R 17 n p65 

3329 cym'nS =^ cym'nt 

3330 cym'nt B, S, C (j^^l^ >>)^7 jl<j7 jl 
cimand (cymnt) 

of it, of them 

GMS 1404, 1488, 1610; EGSii 128; SCE 479; 
MDii; VJ 1364 ; Frag. Len. 3721; TSP ; STii 
6.34; cymnt(y), C2 gloss, cymntsnw "from 
them", BSTBL, Vim. 68; cyrrind, Frag. Len. 
82a.l ; eymH, Frag. Len. 87.1; cymn, Anc. Lett. 
2.17 

3331 cym'ySCh) B, S (u>> >^ jj)^' j' 
cime5 (cymySyy, cymyty) ©<*haca-ima-ida 

=>cymyt, cymy8(5) 
from this, of it 
EGSii 128; GMS 1149, 1404, 1483 



cym'yS py5Y 



132 



CfJ^S. 



3332 cym'yS pySY B, S 
cime5 piSar 

on this account, therefore 
BSTBL, Vim. 73, 161, Dhu. 239, 277, 284 ; MSP b 
172 

3333 cymnt =» cym'nt 

3334 cymt* C =* cym- 

3335 cymyd C =» cymy5(5) 

3336 cymy5(5) M, S (u>>>^ j^)oTtjT jl 
cimc5 (cymyd, cy, -my5) ^cynVySCh), c- 

of it 

BSTBL; TSP ; STii 6.32; MDii; GMS 1483; Tales. 
472-18; C2, cymydyy, BBB b88 d2 

3337 cymy5yy M =* cyn^ySCh) 

3338 cymyB => cymyt 

3339 cymyt C uT<uTji 
cimc5/0 (cymy0) ^cym'ySOO 

of it 

STi 81, 13; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214 ; STii 6.24; 
BSTi A8 ; cymyd, C2 ; cymyty, STi 81.9 

3340 cymyty C => cym'ySCh), cymyt 

3341 cyn' S ^.^ 
cin ©<*Ts l in ; <*ds'in ©ob. -y ; ob. pi. ~ty 

^cynst'n 
China 
Anc. Lett. 2,17, 3.20, 35; MDii B17 R13 

n pl21.12; S W, IIJ 1976, Frag. 22; Hen. BSOAS 

12.604 

3342 cyn 3 =* >c 

3343 cyn"k S jUaiUjjjT 
cy/inak (cyn'kCh)) 

hope, expectation 

Hen. Tales, 483.12; VJ 31 ( , 14 d , 511, 579 

3344 cyn w wt B J f > u*f<>zu 
cinaut (cyn'wt) ©cynak+aut <*awat 

hopeful 

GMS 1079; Frag. Len. 118.4; cyn'wt, VJ 686; 
cyn'wty, VJ 740 

3345 cyn>k(h) B => cyn'k 

3346 cyn>nckn8 M (jtj^'^J^ 
clnanc-kan8 ©ob. -yy 
Khocho, TutfaniChinese town) 
GMS 1040; Schaeder. Iranica. 46; Minorsky, 

Hudud. 94, 271; Frye 1,23 

3347 cynNvt ^ cyn'wt 



3348 cyncr S Ojt> T <^N 
clncar ? 

sieve 

Frag. Len. 93.35 

3349 cyndr M Ojj-^<J^<>wl 
ci/ondar =^cndr, cyntr 1 

in, inside 

BBB 667; GMS 1484, 1611; KG, MSP el7 

3350 cyndrcyk M ,^jj*<J^fc 
cindarcik ©pi. -t 

internal 

GMS 1014; BBB 671 

3351 cyndrp'r M ^ 3 ^tjj^h 
cindar-par (cyntrp'r) 

internal 

GMS 1116; cyntr pV, BSTBL, Dhu. 128 

3352 cyngry* M (jL^>>d£>-<,^>- 
cingarya, cangarya ©<Turk. cingar =»cngry J 

(a kind o/)musicaI instrument, (a kind o/)harp 
Sogdica. p36 g30 ; Hen. BSOAS 11, Texts. 727; 
Bailey. Prolexis. 245 

3353 cyns* C ojj* t$>-* * J*-fc 
cinsa (cyns'r) ®<*cindarsdr ^cntr^r, cyts'r, 

cys'Cr), cyntrs'r 
inside, into 
STii 3.9; GMS 460; Frag. Len. 28.2 

3354 cyns*r =* cyns* 

3355 cynst'n S (j/-i*y- ^ y) o^^rr <&? 
cinastan ^cyn 1 

ChinaiKhumdan) 

Anc. Lett. 2.17, 30; Hen. BSOAS 12, 606 n 7 ; 

GMS 1118; cynst% Bugut. insc. AOH 1972, 

1.72 

3356 cynt H mny B =* cnt } mny 

3357 cynt'mtoy B =» cnt'mny 

3358 cyntr 1 B, S, C J^yd 
ciyndar, condar, endar =*cyndr, endr, cntr 
inside 

TSP 3.95 etc. 159, 161, 291, 16.36; BSTBL, Dhu. 
159; Hen. Tales. 478; STi; BSTi 105, 111; MSP; 
W-Li; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214, 28R 7 

3359 cyntr 2 S ok^^ J^ J j~>- jy^ ij****)^* 

(>>V 
cindar ©abl. -> =»cntr(y) 
inside, inland(China) 
Ladakh. Insc. 3 ; Benv. Notesiv BSOAS 1938, 504 



133 



cztyk 



3360 cyntrp'r B =» cyndrp'r, cntrp'r 

3361 cyntrpVyck ' B ,Jjj><J±-k 
cindarparick ^cntrp'r'yck 

internal 

BSTBL, Dhu. 124-6 

3362 cyntrsY B ^jj^J^b 
cindarsar =»cntrs'r, cyns', cyts'r 

inside 
TSP 3.144 

3363 cyny S ^u^ 
cinl 

Chinese 

CII 1990 A 14 J 

3364 cyr5p'5w B tjL^ 
CDr5/9a-pa5u =»c ) r5 , p , 8w 

quadruped 

VJ 1404; GMS 111,440 

3365 cyrs'r -» cyrts J r ? 

3366 cyrts'r ? S ^U 
cirSsar ? (cyrs'r) ©<eiSar-sdr ? ^c^rs'r 
downwards 

MDii pi 74.8, 10, 176.2 

3367 cys'(r) C, S 0JJ , 
cisa(r) =»cyns\ cyts'r, cyntrsV 

in, inwards 

BSTi 127, 243, 271; CII 1990 G9 



r 



I Ss~l i, -U 



o-r °J-P 



3368 cytpnt B, S 
cetpand ? 
salutation 

VJ 1122; TSP 2.1029, 8.29; Frag. Len. 82a 17, 
cytfinth 

3369 cytk B, S ^^L,^^ 
cite, cete ? ©Av. kaeta ©pi. cyOyh ob. pi. - } yty 

^cyty(y) 
spirit, ghost, devil 
VJ ; TSP; SCE 258; cytkt, Frag. Len. 44.9 ; cyfyt, 

VJ 1112; TSP 5.102, 6.160, 8.45, 11.15, 18; 

cypyty, vj 1206, 1444 

3370 cyts'r M 0^<J^ 
citsar =*cyns\ cys'(r), cyntrs'r 

inside 

GMS 460; BBB 601 

3371 cyty5 S 
citeS ? 
from there 
MDii p!99 



L^iT jl to l jl 



j,\U^ ^jj ij^ 



>cytk 



jhjljl 



3372 cyty(y) M 
cyte ?, cite ? ©pi. -u ob. pi. -ty 
spirit, ghost 
BBB 672 e21 ; Hen. Tales. 472, 16, 23 

3373 cyw C 
c(a)yu, ciyu, cyw =>c- 
of him, him 

Benv. JA 1955, 321; BSTii; C2 gloss. p233 

3374 cyw'nt B, C (j^ yj^ jjXjTjO^jT jl 
ciwand (cywnd, cywnt) ©<*haca-yavant ? 
from it, of it 

EGSii 128; GMS 1404, 1461; TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 

146, 148; BBB b42 ; STii 3.66; C2 gloss. 

cyw ()) nty ; VJ 3 b ; BSTBL, Dhy. 245; SCE 282 ; 

STii 5.30; cyw'nt } pystrw "there after", BSTBL, 

Vim. 134 

3375 cyw'yS B, M, S (j^^jj^o' jl 
ciwe5/6 (cywyd, cywy55) ©<*haca-ava-ida ? 

=»cywyt 
then, of it 
EGSii 128; GMS 1306, 1403, 1454; cywySyihh 

TSP; cywySyy, GMS 1454; BBB d3, 5; cyw'yS 

pyS'r "on account of" cywyS pysirw, "there 

after" BSTBL 

3376 cywnd M =* cyw'nt 

3377 cywnt =* cyw'nt 

3378 cywyd C => cyw'yo* 

3379 cywy55 M ^ cyw'yS 

3380 cywysn(w) B, M jUJ jl <1«j7 jl 
ciwesan(u) ©<haca-awais(dn)am 

of them, of those 

EGSii 117; GMS 1450; Hen. BSOAS 11, 70.15; 
MSP b71 ; cywysnw, VJ 812; SCE 520 

3381 cywyt C ^-r-oTjl 
ciwe5/- 9 (cywyd, cywyG) =>cyw'y5 

of it, from it, then 

STii 5, 6, 22; STi 29.8, 34.4, 45.11; Sund. AoFviii 
1981 p214; BSTi 99, 103; cywyOy, BSTi 77, 164 

3382 cywy0 =» cywyt 

3383 cztyk ? S oju^f, 
cazt/dik ©Av. cazdahvant 
one who decides 
Anc. Lett. 3.31; Hen. ZDMG 90, 12n6 ; Bailey. 

BSOAS 13, 127 



d- 



134 



fli 



d/5 



3384 d- C ji.4, 
8(a) ©prepos. in compd. ^Syw'yS, SymyS, 

dywnt, Symnd, dyw 1 
to 
Benv. JA 1955, 321, dyw 

3385 6»m M =» 6>m 

3386 5 M wn =* 8>wn 

3387 8» => L> , 

3388 d } - C : i 
8a ©*/iada ©prepos. +/\ m> ^dT, d'nV, >8nn 
with 

Benv. JA 1955, 321 

3389 8'pr- B, M (J>>>^>>)0^ 
8a(3ar ©impf. «*6pr-\ 9>br- 

Go)give 
GMS 621 

3390 d>cyqy> C J^cJIop 
dacikya ^d'tcyqy* 

justice 

C2, 50R20, !08V2pl08, 20 

3391 d>f> C yu 
8afa =>tyw, t'P 

with you 

BSTii 848.59, 885.5; C2, 51R5, 8, 69V25 

3392 5>m B, M, S (fl*)*yrj*<o^* i r±j't 
8am (S»m, d'm 1 ) ©<*daman ©f. n. ; ob. -y(yA 

-y/i =>8 } mh 

creation, world, being 

GMS 282, 940, 13; TSP ; BSTBL, Vim, 135; Frag. 
Len. 27.7, 93.33; Tales. 476; STii 4, 17; -y, TSP 
5.13; Tales. 481; -yy, BBB b83; Hen. JRAS 
1944, 142 ; -d>mj\ C2, 60V3; Sund. AoFviii 
1981 p214, tf'm, BBB 499; S'myK STii 7.22 

3393 d'm' C => 8>m 

3394 dW C ^ 8>m> 

3395 ^m* B, M 
8am(a) (d>m ? ) ©ob. <?Wy 
net 
GMS 973, 1265; Tales. 471.12; TSP 2, 273 

3396 dW C 
8ama ^t'nV 
with me 



4s < r ). 



■■r 



«y* 



^ 



t^-a^^ry 



BSTii 848, 60, 846.20; C2, 60R18, 69V 12, 26, 
120R3 

3397 5>m>k S 
Samak ^tWkCh) 
with me, about me 
MDii Nov. 4 RIO, 15-6; Frag. Len. 92.11 

3398 8'm'kh B 
8amak ? 
creature 

O 1 11: Frag. Len. 92.11 

3399 aWyyt B (J±jT jjh){ 
5amext ? ©*dame +>Ytw ©ob. -yh 
Mtihxai judge of the world) 
VJ 1205; Gersh. AHM p35, 40 

3400 SWn'k B 
8amcane 
worldly 
STii 7.28; GMS 1022 

3401 8>mcyk B 
Samcik 
worldly 

STii 9.17-, Frag. Len. 100 c5 ; GMS 1014 

3402 S'mSVk B jhh^i^.jfxjl 
8am-Sare 

creator 

TSP 8.61, 71, 75, 190, 8bis 5 etc. 



jkr 



J^r 



3403 5 , m5n ) k S j^_ jl ^<c-a * o^r J* 
8am-8ane ©*daman-danaka 

center of the world 
MDii pll2n 1 

3404 8 J mh B, M, S o^ <J±J 
8am (8*m) ©f. n.; ace. -wh, ob. -yh =>8 } m 
creation 

GMS 282, 1219; BSTBL, Vim. 126, 129; TSP ; VJ 
1007; STii 9.7, 9; KG 423; wA-, TSP 2.750, 
6.190; Vim. 130; SCE 9 ; -y/z, TSP 2.836, 10.15; 
Dhy. 384; STii 7.22 

3405 5>mynyztk B 
8ame-nizte 
out of the world 
STii 7.5 

3406 8>n M 
8an ©Av. ddno-kars 
seed 
BBB 575 

3407 5'n'ych B 
Sanic 



y 



O^r j' dj^i <W J j' £->*>- 



<ib 



jbojb i, j<ib 



<&* 



w^«^^»— 



135 



with seed 

TSP 2, 165, 1020; Hen. Texts. 717 

3408 6'p't B cJu^-uja 
5apat ©Skt. danapati 

donor 

SCE 186 , 

3409 d»p't C / ? ^j-u 
6apat 

truely ? 

STi 18.5; BSTi 266; Hen. Sogdica. 7.1 

3410 S'p'tsyy M j£i *, ^G ^/ fO)olb «Jh> <Lj 

6apat- sey ? ©Parth. <fy&/; <Akk. dibat 
beautiful, fine, DapatO/ze ha/we o/ a godess) 
Hen. Sogdica. 7.2; BSOAS 11, 737n 1 

3411 8'p't- syrh M olb >c^ 
5apat-sir ? 

Dapat-wishcr 
Sogdica. 7.1 

3412 8'r- B, M, S ( J>> ^<** jj)jzi.L^i <jiib 
6ar (d'r 1 ) ©OP ddraya- ©inf. - } y ; trans, prct. 

aux. =»5ryt- 
(/cOhavc, (/cOpossess, (ro)hold, 0o)kccp, (/o)wcar 
GMS 285, 877-880, 855 

3413 dV C =» 8>r- 

3414 dV C 
6ar ©<Av. dara; Skt. dhara 
blade 

BSTii 843.36, 37 ; JA 1959, 127; S W, C2, 68V6 
pl49 

3415 SVck S v^U*-«J>; 
5arack ? 

possession 

C1I 1990Gl0p70 

3416 8Vk B .jujIj^ «]*&** <^U. 
6are, Sarak ? ^d'rny, d*ryq 

protector 
TSP 7, 123 

3417 8>r>mndy M tJj&tcJ^ 
Saramande (dVmnty) ©nom. -ty\ ace. -tw 
protection, keeping 

GMS 1100; C2, 61R28, 55V23; BSTii 898, 113 

3418 d'r'mnty C =» S'r'mndy 

3419 8>r J wk (,) B ^^ 
6aruk (5 , r , wkh) ©*daruka =»8>rwk (,) 

wood 



r t a— J 



8>t 



TSP 2.224, 538; BSTBL, Padm. 41; Frag. 2a.l9; 
GMS 978; -u>, TSP 3.296 

3420 8'r'wkh =» 5>r>wk (>) 

3421 *8Vyn , y B ^v^^w 
Sarene ©pi. SVynh 

wooden 

TSP 3, 181 n pl97 ; Hen. Texts. 728 

3422 d'rny C *xjix& 
Same ©pres. part. 

holder 
C2, 56R32 

3423 d'rwq C ** 5>rwk ()) 

3424 8'rwk 01 B, M, C VJ >>- 
8aruk (d'rwq) ©Yaghn. dork ©ob. -y, -u> 

=*&T } v/k ly \ ptsng d>rwq 
wood 
SCE 133; TSP; BSTBL, Padm. 41; GMS 978; BBB 

463; STii 1.49, 53; S y rwq % BBB 498; STii 1.15, 

80, 13.10 

3425 S'rwkp'Sy B ^^ Jj£ 
5aruk-pa5c 

wooden shoes 
SCE 152 

3426 8'rwkync M ^J^S ^^3^ 
5arukc(n)c (5'rwqync) ©f. adj, 

(o/)pIant, herbal 

BBB 498 ; GMS 334, 1053, 1273; Sogdica. 64, 14 

3427 SVwqync =» 5 , rwkync 

3428 8'nvkynyy M ^[f 
5arukene 

(o/)plant, herbal 
BBB 498, 563 

3429 8*ryk S ^L^ j^^- 
5arik 

gold coin 

MDii; Livsic. HMV 256 n 2 

3430 d*ryq C a j6jj^> <&*[& ^^ 
5arik ©pres. part. =»fryd } ryq, 5'r'k 

keeper, protector 
STi 45.12; GMS 897 

3431 S't M, S jb*u>l5 
8at (d J t) ©ob. -y 

law 

MDii B4 R23 ; Frag. Len. 83 c4, 68.9, 93.16; Tales. 

480, 11, 14; STi 35.9, Sund. AoFiii 1975, 61, 

14R9 



d't 



136 



3432 d>t C =* 8>t 

3433 S't'kdi) B Jxjjtotjj® 
Satak 

law 

SCE 58, 363; STii 7.2; TSP 2.55, -w ; Hen. Texts. 

734 

3434 8>t'yk B /&<J&ijj3 
Satik (8>tyk) 

just, lawful, legal 

SCE 32; GMS 994; TSP 7, 18 

3435 8'tpr B ^oj^ 
Satpar (d'tbr) ©*data-bara- ©pi. -/ 

judge 

Frag. Len. 91.8; STi 6.12; Sund. AoFviii 198, 

p214 ; STii 2.4, 4.7; BSTii 880.11, 16: C2, 77R5, 

16,24R13, 77V11 

3436 d'tbr C -> 5>tpr 

3437 d'tcyq M -+ 8>tcyk 

3438 5>tcyk B, C c-^^^li 
Satcik (d'tcyq) -^d'tcyqy* 

legal, lawful, right 

TSP 16.25; GMS 994, 1017; Sogdica. 35.7; STi 
63.6, Sund. AoFiii 1975, 58.2; -y, STi 19.11 

3439 d'tcyqy* C oLj 0>U jJ* «b 
Satcikya ^SHcyk, d'cyqy* 

according to law, justice 
STi 31.6; C2, 56R20, 108 V2 

3440 5>t(h) B, M, S OV:jL^)j'^ 
Sat ©Skt. d/rar«; Vrfa ©pi. -//A 

wall 

TSP 2, 527; BSTBL, Dhy. 325; KG 464 

3441 6'tkn'k B (jOj*>)jja'j<^ 
Sat-kane 

thief 

SCE 331; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 145, 3 

3442 8>tkr>k B O"^)^^ 
Sat-kare ©voc. 6 } tkr* 

judge 

TSP 6.97; Frag. 4.10; S W, IIJ 1976, 46 

3443 S'tnm'nn B, S ^^^r-^ojfc 
5at-niman 

judge, judging justly 

Frag. 4.10; Benv. Notesiv 498; S W, IIJ 1976, 46- 
8 ; Hen. Tales. 485; S W, C2 pl07.6 

3444 6'tpS't S (j>tj*j>tj)c~*J J A<,t>\jr-M J ^ 
Sat-paSat 



isy 



;13 



willy-nilly, at all costs 
Sund. MSP p44-5 bl53 

3445 5>tyk => S't'yk 

3446 5'tymyc B 
Satemec 
lawful, legal 
: 16 

3447 8»w B ** 6»wt ,(,) 

3448 5Nv~ B Cpj^I * j=»jj < JJ^ 
Saw (d>w-) ©Khwar. 5w- y Yaghn. dow, Oss. 

ddwen ^'nS'w- 
0o)rub, (ro)smear 
BSTBL, Dhy. 1, 68; TSP 3.88, 162, 196, 241, 280, 

12.6-, trans, pret. d } wd } r- t Sund. AoFiii 1975, 

64, 6; STi 67 

3449 d J w- C «* 5>w- 

3450 6>wn B, M (j>>>^ jj).!^^ 
8on (8wn) <§)<*hada-avana =*Sn, 8nn, 

{ M(=rm) 
with 
EGSii 122; GMS I6n 1, 1446; S*wn, Frag. Lcn. 

49.12 

3451 d'wsy C <oL-a 
Sose ©pi. -t =>dwsy* 

neighbour 
BSTi 106 

3452 5>wt> (,) B ol^J^j^f 
duta (5>w) ©Skt. dhuta 

morality, law 
BSTBL 

3453 d>y C ** 5'yh 

3454 S'yh B, M, S (oh)ojj&*^<^ 
Say (d>y) ©<*dahi ; Skt. dasi ©f. n. ; pi. -/ 
slave girl, female servant 

SCE 341, 373; VJ 162 etc.; BSTBL, Vim. 63; STii 
3.29; Tales. 486.11, 23; BSTi 134; MDii, Nov. 
3V14; &y(y)h, Anc. Lett. 3.4, 25, 35; Bailey. 
TPS 1959, 10; 5 } y pwsty, Frye 15, 16, 21 "slave 
girl", sailing contract 

3455 5>y pwsty S *S j*$(J>jJ)x~> 
Say-puste 

document about a slave girl 

Yoshida. 1988 apud. Sund. IMTT 1992, 81 

3456 5p M n(h) B <Li 
Span (Sp>z) ©<*dw-ana ? =*Sp'n, db'n(y), 5p>n 
flame 



;l 



i- ■:&*. ;^-*i,W«i J J Vw^^tii>»irtt^i^vii^^:iA^4it^ 



.A.-«i-:s&ift-.M*-*»- ; : 



137 



6p't 



BSTBL, Dhy. 89, 346; O 2 32; Gersh. Minorsky 
Mem. vol. 1971, 290 n47a ; TSP 13.23; Benv. 
Sfi'z, n p228; S W, IIJ 1976, 55.23 

3457 5p»r- B -» 5p>r 

3458 8p w r Spr'yn'y B .ju^*^ «jui** 
8par- 8Parene «*8p , r 

giver of gifts 

SCE 496; -Sprrik, SCE 46 

3459 6p>Yst- B ( j&jji rJLJ-^j^-jJul 
Spaxst, Gfaxst (6Pj-) ©*0wax.?-; /"/wa^ ®pt. 

st, =»9fyz-, 8p'yz-, 8pxsty(y), SPystc 
GcOcollect, 0o)gain 
GMS 293 ; Hen. LW 105; VJ 241, 243 pp., n p92 ; 

AVS 130 

3460 8p»m > n B, S ~> db'mn 

3461 db , m ) nqy > C J£<JL*f 
SPamankya ^SPm'nky* 

doubt 
STii 3.21 

3462 fip'mb'n M j^a ^ '^ 
Spamban (5p > npn, S^mbn) ©<* demand- pad ni\ 

Pahl. banbisn -^db'mn, SP } mpn(w) 
lady, wife 
GMS 14, 43, 466, abl. -\ 1224; Benv. Titers et 

Noms Proprcs. 29 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 137 

3463 6p>mbn =» 5P , mb , n 

3464 db>mn C, S y, 
SPamman (SP'nVn) ^SP'mb'n, b } mn 

lady, wife 

STi 4.8; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214, 31R3; STii 

p579 ; Frag. 22.2; S W, IU 1976, 67; CII 1990 

F17 

3465 6p>mpn(w) S, B 
(5p>npn, 5Pnpn, ^P'npnwh) ©f. n. ; ace. -w(hh 

ob. ~yh ^SP'mfrn, db'mn 
queen, lady 
Hen. Tales. 483.4; Sogdica. 17.8b; KG 451, 578; 

Frag. Len. 69.1, 15; VJ 910; SCE 408, 434; Hen. 

BSOAS 12, 604.22, 6.4; 6finpn t Anc. Lett. 2.22, 

6.4 

3466 8p ) n B 
Span (db>n, 8p>z) ©ob. -y =»8p»n(h) 
flame 
TSP 13.23 n p228 ; Benv. JA 1955, 323; C2, 23R 

27, 23V7, 91R5; Sund. AoFiii 1975 p57; 
AoFviii 1981,214, 11V18 

3467 db>n C -> 8p>n 



4&U CjAj 



<Li 



<0b i^ip i, 



r* 



*j>j^ 



4*sy i^ 



SPnstr 



Uw> 



3468 8p*nk S 
(a)5Pane ^'SP'nk 
grain, seed 
MDii pl99 ; MDiii pll9 

3469 5p } npn B, S => SP'mpnCw), Sp'mb'n 

3470 db'n(y) B 
9/5Pan(e) =»*8p>y- 
extension 
STi 75.18; Sund. AoFiii 1975, 56 

3471 5p>nz B, S 
SPanz ©<*debazah ; Av. bazah 
wide, coarse 
TSP 2.1018; Hen. Texts. 738 ; GMS 1310; MSP 

bl89; Frag. Len. 97a3 

3472 6p } nzqVyy M Jz*^ 
5Panzkawc (8b ) nzkwy) 

thickness 

GMS 999; Hen. BSOAS 12.312, 91; BBB 

3473 5b*nzkwy B =» SP'nzq'wyy 

3474 8p»r B, M, S c^^-u 
8Par, 9far (8p»r-) ^Gb'r, 8p'r 8pr>yn>y 

gift 

GMS 957, 1511; BBB 751 f34 ; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL, 

Vaj. ; SCE; Frag. Len. 45.3; KG 414 ; Talcs. 481, 

48; 6fi*r y VJ 190, 58 d , 988 

3475 6pV- B ( Jjzs ^r,f,,,, j->) q»lj<u-U *Jjb 

8Par, Gfar ©OP fra-bam Khwar. hfir-, 
Yaghn. tifar ©inf. J> } y =>9br-, SPr- 1 

(rc)give 

GMS 492, 592, 621A; TSP 2.231, 6.188; SCE 104, 
111 etc.; BSTBL; AVS 102 n 3 

3476 8pVt- B, M &/+J* O^ 
8part, 9fart (8pwrt) ©pt. st. & pp. =»8p>r-, 

8prt-, 0brt- 
0<?)give 
GMS 856, 865; VJ 177 etc.; TSP 3.81; BSTBL; 

Intox. 29 ; inf. ->*, -y, VJ 444 ; SSfirt, GMS 

927; trans, pret. Sfl'rtS'r-, VJ 

3477 5p>rty B ^<oL><4Ua 
8Parte ©*fra-brta- ©pp.; ace. -tw =^5Prty, 

Gbrty 
given 
VJ 445; 6fi } rtw t VJ 625; MDii 

3478 $p>t B, M, S ^li 
8pat (db»t) ©adv. 

perhaps 

VJ 3 b , 1054; TSP 3.259; Frag. 2a.l6 ; MDii A17, 5; 



db't 



Hen. Talcs. 472.37; STii 1.52, 6.11; Sund. 
AoFviii 1981, 214, 21V16, 22V5; C2 gloss.; 
db*ty t VJ 336 

3479 db>t C => 5pH 

3480 *5p > y- B o^^J 
8/0pay ? ©Av. Gwaya ^nSPy-, wy5p>y-, 

db'n(y) 
OcOextend 
GMS 293 

3481 Sp'ys B jljT.^o 
8Pcs ©Av. dvaes =*5Pys 

enmity, harm 
VJ 1047 

3482 8p>ys- M ^jocu. <jjbjljT 
6Pes =>8Pys~ 

OcOharm 

Hen. Tales. 476.5; GMS 682 

3483 5p»yz- B, S (j^i :Jj~>)j^^\ 
• SPez, Ofez ®<*0wajaya- -»Gfxst-, SP'yst-, 

Gfyz-, Spjnyh, tbyz- 
(/<?)collect, Oo)gct 
GMS 296; SCE 461; Talcs. 486.3; AVS 136 

3484 8p>z B =» 5p»n(h), 5p>n 

3485 SpSV B ( ( ^j)^^jj^^ 
5oP5ar 

two-edged 

S W, BSOAS 1981, 237; Frag. Len. 

3486 SpSV xnyr B <j^ j*^ 
5oP5ar-xanyar 

two-edged sword 

S W, BSOAS 1981, 237 

3487 8pystc S(M) ^-^^i 
8paxstc ©f. pp. =»5Pxsty(y), 5p>yz-, Sp'yst- 
gain 

Hen. Tales. 480, 60 

3488 5pj- => Gfyz-, SP'yst- 

3489 5pjnyh M ^^^l 
SPozne ©*0waja- =^8P ) yz-, Gfyz- 

gain 

Sogdica. 31.4, 32; GMS 892 

3490 epnVnky 1 S juf <*£i 
SPamankya ©Parth. byrrtngyft ^db'mmqy* 
doubt 

GMS 1320 n 1 

3491 dbn-> C =» 5pn->h 



3492 8pn->h B, M ^j.^JiJ^ 
8Pana, Spana (SPnnh, dbn-\ §pnh) ©*</wa-n<2; 

Lat. du-bius ©f. n., nom. -'(Ti); ob. -y } =»pw 

dbn, >pw §pn 
doubt, suspicion, fear 
GMS 513, 1236; TSP; Hen. Texts. 719; SCE 216; 

BSTBL, Padm, 30, Vim. 127, Dhu. 233-4; MDii 

A9V2; C2, 48R 15 n p86; 6fin\ TSP 15.23 

3493 8pnh *± 5pn->h 

3494 8pnnh B =* 5Pn->h 

3495 Spnpn =» 5P } mpn(w) 

3496 5pnstr M j£r*3*j& 
8Panstar ®<*61Pnz-str ^SP'nz 

wider 

GMS 465, 1290 

3497 5pnw B ^ 
6Panu <§)*dwi-(nu)\ Lat. binu =>5ypnw 

both 

VJ 277; GMS 430, 1316 

3498 dbr C =» 5Pr- 2 

3499 8pr-' B, M, S (jy> ^r~» j*)o±±*> <o*h 
8Par, Gfar ©<*fra-bara~; Khot. haur\ Khwar. 

hpr- ©impf. 6>0n inf. - (}) y =»5[3rt- > 6br-, 

5P'r- 
0o)give, (ro)offer, 0o)put 
GMS 492, 592; TSP 3.68, 71, 73 

3500 8pr- 2 B, M, S *j'j>><-P 
5Par (dbr) ©<Av. duvara ©nom. -y; ace. ->v; 

abl. ->(hk loc. -y' ; pi. -t\ ob. pi. -*y } 
door, gate 
BBB 469, 676, 648, 669; VJ ; TSP 3.228, 16.30, 

17.40; SCE 109, 504; BSTBL, Vim. 185, 189, 

200; Padm. 3 ; Hen. Cosm. 312.86, 88, 94, 95; 

KG pl83; MSP bl31 ; GMS 515, 936; STi 39.5; 

STii 3.60, 71; C2 gloss.; Frag. Len. 93.37, 100c 

10 

3501 Sp^y B aJUi3« iaJLU^IjwJ <6JUW 

Spare (5pry) ©pres. part. 

giver 

VJ 9\ 64 c 

3502 Spr'yn'k B 
SParene (Gbryny, SPi^yi^y) ^SPrn'k 
giver 
VJ 94 d , 413 etc.; SCE 496; 6fir»n } k, Frag. Len. 

38.4 

3503 apr'yn'y =» 5Pr>yn>k 



139 



dym'y 



Spr- 1 , 6p>rt-, 



3504 6prn > k B, M 
5parne (Gbrny) ©pi. dprnyt 
giver 
SCE 496; GMS 894 

3505 6prt- B, M, S 
SPart, Gfart ©pt. st. ; inf. -yy 

9brt- 
0<?)give 
GMS 856, 883, SSbrh GMS 957, Sfirtyy, 931; 

KG; Frag. Len. 37.6 

3506 8prty B, M, S oJ^oj^jia 
8parte ©pp. 

given 

VJ 4 b ; SPrtw, BBB 503; KG 488; Sfiwrty, 
Sfiwrtw, MDii pl99 ; MDiii pll9 

3507 6pry *± SPr'y 

3508 Spt'ykCw) B r > 
6pitik ^6ptyk 

second 

TSP 2.259, 324, 730, 3.16; W-Li, ii ; BBB 

3509 5pt»y-w B, S (j^ ^^ ^)^ <f> 
6pity(u), 6Pidi (Spty-, dbty-, 5piyw) 

®<*dwitya(m) =»5ptyk, 5ypty- 

(rAe)sccond, other 

GMS 430, 1331-6; VJ 290, 376; MSP bl2, 54, 
182; C2 gloss.; MDii; KG 596; Frag. Len. 92.15, 
82a 25; d0t y y, Frag. Len. 41.5; 6pty\ TSP 
3.256; Hen. Cosm. 312, 121; C2, 25R 16 

3510 Spttyk M *± Sptyk 

3511 6pty- =* 8pt»y-w 

3512 dbty- C =» SPt'y-w 

3513 dbtyq C =» 5ptyk 

3514 8ptyq M => 8ptyk 

3515 Sptyk B, M,S ( J>> >^- ^)jt X^fS-> '^ 
6Pitik, Sipdik (SSptyk, dbtyq, 5ptyq, Spttyk) 

=»5pt> y -w, 'Sp'ty, 5ypty-, Spt>yk(w), 5yP- 
0/ze)second, other 
GMS 430; TSP 2.730, 3.16; Frag. Len. 37.12; BBB 

533; Hen. Tales. 485.2; Cosm. 312, 101; KG; 

MDii ; MDiii; STi 36.3; BSTi 193; C2 gloss. 

dflt^ykw, TSP 2.324; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138; 

KG 375; Frag. Len. 99 d2; MSP p45 ; dbtyqy, 

C2 ; Sfityky, Frag. Len. 83.4 ; BBB 735; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p214 

3516 5ptyw =* 5pt>y-w 

3517 8pwrt S(MD) ^ Sp>rt- 



>5p'yz-, 5p } YSt-, SPystc 



-loL>» 



o-^L-jv*--- I *0 J j j ' 



=>>SPz> 



3518 6pxsty(y) M 4^,xf 
SPaxste ©pp 
saved, gain 
Sogdica. 16.5 

3519 Sbyr M => 5pyr 

3520 5pys M 
5Pes =»pw5Pys, SP'ys 
harm, damage 
BBB 483, 529; GMS 957 

3521 6pys- M 
Spes ©<*dwais- ^SP'ys- 
(to)hurt 

GMS 682 ; BBB 483; Sogdica. 64.12 

3522 fipysnyy M *j±J jT tL )U JV ~--7 
SPesne ©pres. part. 

damager 

GMS 892; BBB 488 

3523 6pz- B, S 
5Paz (dbz-) ©nom. -y; ace. -w; abl 
hunger 

dbzy, C2, 31V 28.29, dbzw, C2, 102R 27, 102 V 
24, dbz\ 31V 31, 69R 25, 102V21; VJ 814; TSP 
22.3; Hen. Talcs. 480.19; Anc. Lett. 2.1 1, 38; 
MDii pl99 ; MDiii A 18.6 

3524 dbz- C =» 6Pz- 

3525 Spz'mwrty B J^f ji ^ 
5paza~murtc =»Spz-, 'SPz'mwrty 

died of hunger 

VJ 312, 1093; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 140, 148 

3526 65prt M => 8Prt- 

3527 86ptyk => 5ptyk 

3528 88tystt M => 5tyst 

3529 65yn M => 5yn 

3530 5y- S 
5ay *=»5ys-, 5y } n 
0o)burn 
Frag. Len. 84a.4, 5 

3531 Sy'n B 
Say/xan 

ardent, fiery 

TSP 13ii, 13 n p228 ; Benv. Notesiii 206 

3532 Sym'y B j/ 
Saxme ©Av. daxma-, Parth. dxmg ©pi. -th 
tomb, grave 
BSTBL, Dhu. 212 



d-xljj** 



(? o&J*. 



i_r° _r"je-' ' 



dys- 



140 



'fjj- 



j^TjI 



3533 6ys- B tJ^j'^^j^'j^K*- 
5axs ©fdag 

GcObe burned, (fcOget ripped 
TSP 6.158 n p206 ; AVS 73 

3534 8yst-(h) B l>w^. 
Saxst ®f. n. ; ob. -y =*dxst- ()) 

plain, desert 

GMS 1180, 1183-, VJ 315, 316, 800, 813, 898, 903 

3535 5ywt-(h) B, S ^. 
5(u)yut ©Khwar.<5rd ®f. n. =*5wYt (>) , 5wy5r 
daughter 

GMS 421; VJ ; TSP 2.983, 8.70, 87, 12.40; SCE 26; 
BSTBL, Vim. 69; Hen. Tales. 476.9; MDii Nov. 
3R6, Nov. 4R7 ; Bcnv. BSL 1951, 22; pi. SYwtrt, 
GMS 1231 

3536 5ywtrt S(M) ^ 8ywt-(h) 

3537 *8m- =* 5m»k(h), 6m*s*t 

3538 6m w n M => 5m>n 

3539 8m>k(h) B J^uT 
Samak (*5m-) 
swollen 

TSP 2.35, 3.12; Hen. Texts. 715 

3540 am'n M, B JLS«A± 
8man (5m*n) ©Av. Sdmana ©ob. -3?; pi. -f/i 
house, dwelling 

GMS 282; BBB 540, 718, Hen. BSOAS 11, 74.3; 
BSTBL, Padm. 12 

3541 SmVt B ^Ar- uT "^fJJ 
Samsat ? (*5m~) ©<*dams- ©pp. 

swollen, blown up 
TSP 7.61; GMS 318, 539 

3542 Sm'yn'k B 4^0^ 
6amene ©pres, part. =>pry SnVyn'k 

windy 
SCE 153 

3543 emdw'p B, M (J^jj^)<W{f~<J^x.* 
6am(6)waP ? ©MP dmw*g 

foolishness 
Sogdica. 49.6 

3544 5mp5 S lj>- 
Sambat ? ©Arm. lambatk 1 -, GK. lampades 
burning 

Sund. MSP p45, bl50 

3545 8mtyr M L^ L l \ J=T 
8/lamter ? (dmtyr) ©GK. lampter, Parth. Imtyr 

©pi. -t 



lamp, torch 

Sogdica. 40.11; GMS 60 n 1 ; C2, 60R 30, 94R 24, 
102V 19 

3546 dmtyr C =» 8mtyr 

3547 8n M, S (oj* j~t j'K 
6an (dn) ©<*hada-awana -*6nn, 'Snn, S'wn, 

( M G=rm) 
with 
GMS 1351, 1446, 1662; C2 gloss. 

3548 dn C =* Sn 

3549 dnd'r C =» SynS'r 

3550 5n5yt M =» 5nt>k(h), dnt> 

3551 dnh J C jj&<J*y -V 
denha ©<Syr. 

Epiphany 
C2, 55R16 

3552 5nk B ^-a**^ 
5/0ank/g ©<*0anga ©ob. -y ; pi. -/ 

nerve 

TSP 2287 a p!72 ; pi. SntkK TSP 2.290, 360; 
S W, C2 n p58 

3553 8nn B, S (Q>> y^ j->)<>)^ <l 
San ^Snn, 5'wn, 5n 

with 
GMS 1662 

3554 dnt> C jLu* 
danda (5n5yt) ©f. n.; pi. dntyt =»6nt } k(h) 
tooth 

GMS 973; STi 5.4; C2, 14V 19 

3555 6nt } k(h) B, M && 
6andak (6n5yt) ©f.n.; pi. dnfyt =»krw 

6nt>k(h), dnt> 
tooth 
TSP 2.298, 7.55 ; SCE 322; Sogdica. 5.9, 21.9; VJ 

546; Sntk, TSP 5.54 

3556 dnty sq'f* C (vl&ofju^A^jjjljsi 
6ande-skafa ©f. n. 

gnashingG?/ teeth) 

STi ; Sund. IF 1975, 95; C2, 51V5, 68V4 n p97.5 

3557 8p'yrpt S V^tr'J 
5ipirpat =*5pyr 

Chief of the Scribes 

MDii pi 76.3; MDiii p93, 119; -w, Frye 22-3 

3558 Sp^ry'kh M, S 1^ iiS ^ 
5ipiryak (Spyry^h) =^dpyry J 

writing 



141 



5ryt> 



olSsJ^j i6jl 



OxUil idxi'\jt t 



GMS lllln 1; Livsic. HMV 263; KG 401 

3559 6pyr M, S ^ 
6ipir (5byr, dpyr) ©pi. -t ^Sp'yrpt 

scribe 

W-Lii: Gropp. 37; BBB 524; STi 17.4? KG 495; 
GMS 44 

3560 dpyr C ==> 5pyr 

3561 dpyry* C L^ i{Sj ~>> 
Sipirya (Spyry'h) ^Sp'yry'kh 

writing, scribecraft 

BSTii 892.14; C2, 31R14; GMS 1111; BBB 524 

3562 Spyry'h M =4 dpyry 1 

3563 Spyry'kh =* Sp^ry'kh \ 

3564 6r- B 
5ar ©Ioc. -yh 
ravine, valley 
TSP 2.280; Hen. Texts. 718 

3565 5r M s- B 
5/9ras, sas ©<*0rasa ? ©inf. ->y ^s's- 
0<?)scatter, (to)strew 

BSTBL, Dhy. 68; AVS 76 

3566 6r"w B ^ (<lu _u <o>i. ^U 
5raw, zaw (5r } w, z*w) ©<*drava-\ fdraw- 

=>z } w 
fame, news, rumour 
VJ ; SCE 148; MDii pl99 ; Sr'w, VJ 552, 610, 11\ 

Benv. Et. Oss. 59; Schwartz. HMV 385 n 2 

3567 8r J w B, S => 6r»w 

3568 6r J wpt(-) B uJ^ij^j 
Sropd, zuPd (zwpt) ^pry^r'wpt, zwP- 
dance, OcOdance 

SCE 123 

3569 8rW» B ^U^c^ 
5ruk, zuk (5rw>k) ©<*druwaka =^jwk, Srwch, 

Srwk, zwq 
sound, whole 
GMS 285; TSP 2.1124; BSTBL, Dhy. 337, 6r } wk 

csm y y "sound-eyed" 



*JJ J 'tSJp <j(-»j 



3570 8r>wn B 
Sron, zon =»zwn 
bow, arch 

SCE 225; Bailey. Prolexis. 121; BSOAS 24, 271 

3571 8r'wnp>6>y B J^f <pA^ 
8ronpa0e ©<*Srdn+pa0 ^Srwnp'S'k 

archer 

SCE 135; Bailey. TPS 1961, 137 



3572 Sr'ws'ycyk B ^^^'^Vi^ 
5rosycik ?, zosik ? 

sacrificial 

TSP 2.540 n pi 76 

3573 5r>wsy(h) B juj 
5rose ?, zose ? (jwsy) %<zaoBra =*zwsy 
sacrifice 

TSP 2.556, 562 

3574 SrSvt B ^/^ 
5rut 

carpenter 

TSP 2.537, 3.192 n pl98 

3575 Sr'yNvr B =» 5rzy*wr, 5rjy } wr 

3576 6 r p- ? M o^-o\p 
6arp? 

(/o)worry 

Hen. BSOAS 11.66,9,68.6 

3577 arynV B ^ 
za/oyma, 5rayma =»jym\ zym J , zymh, Srymrf 
lie 

TSP 7.42 

3578 SrymOk) -> Srymh 1 

3579 8rYm ) s , k B jfc Jj3 
8raymasc, zaymase (zynVsy) ^zynVs'k 

liar 

SCE 247; GMS 1112 A 

3580 6rym5nk B (Jjj -^tj ft) ^&-r>> 
6raxm- Gang 

Dram-sang(a unit of weight) 

TSP 19.14 n p232 ; Hen. Texts. 713 n 5 

3581 Srymh 1 S ( a> L* Jj,)^^ 
5raxm(a) (5rym0k)) ©ob. -yh 

Drahma 

Hen. Mittelir. p53 ; MDii p200 ; 6rYm(yh MDiii 
pll9 

3582 Srymh 2 B ^ 
6rayma, zayma =>zymh, Srym*, jym\ zym* 

lie 

VJ 186 etc.; SCE 253, 268, 274, 436, 441; BSTBL, 

Dhu. 178, 200; GMS 285; dVmh, Frag. Len. 

112a3 

3583 8ryt- B ^b<£ 
8rayd, zayd ©pt. st. ^5'r-, zyt-, jyt-, Sryty 
OcOkeep, GcOhoId 

GMS 285, 603, 888 

3584 Sryt* -» Sryty 



5rytw 



142 



\>& 



3585 Srytw =» Sryty 

3586 Sryty B 
zayte ©pp.; inf. =»5ryt-, jyt— 
kept, held 

VJ 35, 303; TSP 171, 386-7; SrYtw, BSTBL, Vim. 
2; Padm. 29; 6rYt\ VJ 1228 

3587 8ryw B ^J^c-^fC^-^jL-o 
8rayu, zayu (zy-w) ©adj. adv. =*jwy-, jyw, 

zy-w, zy-w 

hard, cruel, extremely 
-y, VJ 1097; GMS 410; adv, VJ 1332; Benv. 
Notesiii 224 

3588 Sryw'nkVk B : J ^ tJ ^J </ J3 j 
Srayuangare, zayuangare 

deceitful, cruel 

VJ 703; GMS 285, 1126 

3589 5rywsk B */^<j^ T 
Sroxusk, zxusk (Srywst*) ©<*driguska ©nom. 

-> ; acc. -w; pi. -t\ ob. pi. -//; pi. SrYws(k)t } 

=»zwxsq-, jwxsk/q, zwysk, zywsk-, Srxwsk 
disciple, follower 
BSTBL, Dhu. 129, 274, Dhy. 15; SCE 210; Frag. 

Len. ; GMS 285, 410; pi. 5rYwst\ TSP 7.187; 

6rYwskty\ Frag. Len. 93, 20, 23; SrYwskt\ SCE 

210 

3590 firywskWk B j/u * l* yj A ^ " 
Sroxuskane, zxuskane ©suff. *-anaka 
(o/)disciple 
BSTBL, Vim. 71; GMS 1040, 1044 

3591 Srywst* B =» 6rywsk 

3592 Srjy'wr M 
5orzyawar, djyawar (5r ) y , wr) ©ddzydwar-, 

<*drzya <*zrada\ - =»zy } wr, Srzy'wr 
heart 
GMS 287, 1119 

3593 5rjy(y) M 
5rzi, Sorze ? ©<*6rzaya <*zrdaya =*5rzy 
heart 
GMS 138, 182 

3594 8rm»yk (,} B, M 
6armik (Srmyq, 5rmyk) 
legal, lawful 

BSTBL; SCE 56, 506; TSP 5.102, 16.22; O 2 16, 17; 
Frag. Len. ; STii 7.25, 37 ; GMS 976, 994; KG 23, 
81; -w, Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.46 



li 



J> 



J; 



•sU 



' u (ijlia* i, 



iSJ'U 



3595 Srm'yk ckkr B oj^ts? 
8arm(ik) cakkar ©Skt. dharmacakra =»ckkr 
wheei of the law 

BSTBL, Dhu. 10, 14, 19, Dhy. 317 

3596 8rm(h) B, S (^ /j ^ Oj^ f^ j J )<jJ>y. oj$ < j>G 
8arma ©Skt. dharma ©ob. - (>) y 

law, Buddhist law 

TSP; SCE ; BSTBL; STii; Frag. Len. ; ->y, TSP 
15.13; Dhu. 175 

3597 8rmyk B, M, S =* 5rm>yk ()) 

3598 8rmyq M -» Srm'yk^ 

3599 6rmyk ps'nt 1 B oJ*xjJ 

$armik fosand ? ©Skt. dharmaputra 
son of the law 
BSTBL, Dhy. 365 

3600 8rt>yc(h) B, M (jji^l^t^^jiwiliT 
5ort!c ©Khwar. drc =*5rtyc 

dirt, dung 

BSTBL, Vim. 31, Dhy. 1 ; Benv. JA 1951, 123; 
GMS 1010; BBB f8 

3601 5rtyc M (jjij^U^'Ulj^ef 
8ortic (drtyc) =>8rt , yc(h) 

dirt, ordure, filth 

BBB; GMS 1010; Sogdica. 29; C2, 48V 13 gloss, n 
p95 ; Benv. Eti 323 

3602 drtyc C =» 5rtyc 

3603 5rw H n S ( j~r jj kSjO** XO^l^oy <0'>* 0>> * 0^3 J 
Gurwan, Oruwan (Srw'n) ©ob. -y 

Thurwan {name of a city in China) 
Ana Lett gloss. p48,, Hen. BSOAS 12, 609 

3604 Srw'k S(AL) =* 5r>wk c,) 

3605 firw'n =» 5rw*n 

3606 Srw'nc kn5 B ^^ ^ lO^l^Ajy O'yOjj < 0'j> 

Gurwan-kanO ©loc. ~yh 

Thurwan, Tun-huang(na/ne of a city in China) 

TSP 8.166; Hen. Texts. 735 

3607 Srwch S 
5ruc, zuc ©f. adj. =»5r } wk c>) 
well, in good health 
Anc. Lett. 1.2 

3608 8rwk S 
8ruk, zuk ^Sr'wk^, jwk, zwq 
well, healthy 
Anc. Lett. 32, 18; 5.2; drw'k, 2.5, 6, 7, 3.28 



-jju; <(J 



IL. 



-jxr^l 



IU 



**_— 



mm^^^^—mm^^m^^^^^^^^^ 



143 



8s* cxspt 



3609 S^ky 1 S ^>U 
zukya ^jwky* 

health 

W-Li: Gropp. 38 

3610 SrwnpWk B j&lS <j\x\jj 
5ronpa0e ^Sr'wnpWy 

archer, bowman 

TSP 13.16; S W, IIJ 1976, 55 

3611 Srwnstn S jS j io^^ to^J^ 
zunstan, zunstan (8rwnstn) ©<dron-stan 

<*drauna~stana 
quiver 
TSP 13.27; S W, IIJ 1976, 55; Livsic, Sogdiskij 

yazik. 412 

3612 Srwnstn =* Srwnstn 

3613 Srwst't S j~.jx; *^yu. 
Srustat ©ace. -wh 

health 

Anc. Lett. 1.3; S W, CI 1991, 184 

3614 8rwt>t S ^^U 
Srutat ©<*druwatat =*dwrt (,) 

health 

Anc. Lett. 2.4, 3.3; GMS 1074, -wfc S W, CI 1991, 
184 

3615 5rwth S P^u^j^j 
Srut ®<*drwata =»dwrt ()) , s8m(=SLM) 
health, greeting 

MDii p200 

3616 Srwtpt S (j/^ xU)^Ci> 7 
Srutpat ©pr. name 

physician 

MDii pl85.27, 200; MDiii p93, 199 

3617 Srxwsk S >/^<j^> 
Sraxusk, zuxsk ©*6rigus-ka ©nom. -y ; pi. -t\ 

ob. pi. -ty } =»zwxsq-, jwxsk/q, Srywsk 
disciple, follower 
KG 424, 526, 528, 531; S W, Apd. 3.3.1 

3618 8ry B (j^-^^ 
Ore, se ©<*Qraya- y Khwar. sy; Yaghn. tiray% 

Parth. hry =^tSrty, >Sry, sy 2 
three 
GMS 1316; EGSii 100 

3619 Sry'zwr B =* 8rzy , wr 

3620 5ryh B 
8are ? 
trap 



<dr <* b 



Benv. TSP 2.280; Hen. Texts. 718, loc. 6r- 
"ravine" 

3621 8rz , ywr B =» 8rzy } wr 

3622 Srzcykw S -*~koi->* 
Srzcik 

dear 

CII 1990, F2 

3623 Srzm'pr'k B Cj &^ 
SrazmaPare 

angry 

VJ 225; SCE 287, 357, 407, 462 ; GMS 1097; 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 138, 1 

3624 Srzm'k =» Srzm'y, >tSrzm } k 

3625 Srzn^k/y =» SrznVy 

3626 8rzm , y B ^. 
Srazme, zme (Srzm'k/y, Srzm'k) ©abl. drzm* 

-^tSrzm'k 
anger 
VJ 233; SCE 69, 287, 312; BSTBL, Vim. 13, Dhy. 

133 ; TSP 16.44-, GMS 1097, 1255; Gersh. Sogd. 

Cpds. 138 

3627 Srzy B vJS,j a 
Srzc, dr(a)zy ? (Srzyh) ©drzaya-, Khwar. 

zrz(yh <*zrdaya =>8rjy(y) 
heart 
SCE 99; TSP 19.11; GMS 182 

3628 Srzy'wr B J> 
zyawar, Szyawar, Srzyawar ? (Srzy'wr, 

8rz>ywr) ©<drzyd <zrdaya =*zy'wr, Srjy'wr 
heart 
GMS 287; BSTBL, Dhy. 344, 377-8; TSP 2.106, 

288, 5.34, 7.117, 143, 157, 177, 186, 187, 14.26; 

Sry>zwr, TSP 7.2, 24, 33, 37, 72 ; Sr'fwn TSP 

7.79 

3629 SrzyNvr =» 8rzy>wr 

3630 Srzyh =» 8rzy 

3631 ds> C => 8s c,) 

3632 5s c,) B, M, S ( j^ >-* ^)oS 
5asa, 8as (Ssh, ds } ) ©<dasa\ Yaghn. das 

ten 

GMS 1316; VJ 1407; 6sh, MDii 

3633 8s* cxs'pt M J+J** 
Sasa-caxsapat 

ten commandments 
Sogdica. 64.15 



Ss'zng'n 



144 



3634 Ss'zng'n M, S <jf» 
5asa-zangan 

ten-fold 

BBB f8 ; MSP b8 p45 

3635 6sh S(MD) =» Ss (>) 

3636 Ssm'yk B, M, S ^ 
Sasmik (dsmyq) 

tenth 

TSP 2.333, 9.32; BSTii 897, 87 ; C2, 55R 27 ; MSP 
b36 cl6? GMS 1331; Ssmykw* MSP bl24 

3637 *6smy B ^ 
Sasme/T 

tenth 

BSTBL, Dhu. 231, 264, Wmy, 269, 10smy ; GMS 
1096, 1331 

3638 dsmyq C =» 8snVyk 

3639 dsprtr C (^4^/ <^^^) j^*i^^* O^* 
Saspartar ©<Sast-partar -»sprtry 
handtowel 

STi 47.14; LW 101; GMS 481; Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 
139 

3640 6st B, M, S (oy> ^^ ^^ 
8ast- (dst) <D<OP dasta- ©nom. ; ob. -y; ace. 

-w; loc. -y\-yh\ abl. - } ; pi. J^ } ; ob. 6sty } =»pr 

6stw, pr 8stw wn- 
hand, arm 
GMS 364, 516, 1171, 1179, 1183-4, Sstwfir- 

3641 dst C ** 5st 

3642 6st» B 
8asta ? 
gain 

TSP 8.171; Hen. Texts. 737 

3643 5st>ny- Vk S ^S^iS ^^/c^o *jjU 
8astane-asak/e 

helper(/ia/i^-^/:er) 
Mack. AI 1985, 425, 12 

3644 SstNvpry B c^.> X <J^c 
Sastu-Pare (SstwPry) ^dstwb'ry 
handiwork, handwriting 
BSTBL, Intox. 33; Benv. JA 1955, 316; STii 8.11 

np548 

3645 Sstp'r B, S cJj^u 
Sastpar, 5astpar (8stJ3r) 

order, authority 

MDii B4 R 23 ; Frag. Len. 77R 5 

3646 Sstp'r M s- B, S j^jjTjj o^;* ^f c~-j<o ojoS 



lj**> ipJb 



L6-\ 






j^-ijlT tv^-i jiT 



5astpar-as 
(fo)seize 

SCE 375; Benv. JA 1955, 316; Schwartz. AI 5, 
197 n7 

3647 SstpVy B (.y^U^yWu^idT 
5astpare (dstb'ry) 

instrument, staff, means 

BSTBL, Dhu. ; BSTii 890, 61; Benv. JA 1955, 315; 
pi. dst&ryu C2, 60V 29 

3648 dstb'ry C =» 8stJ3'ry 

3649 Sstpr =» Sstp>r 

3650 dstbr =* Sstpry 

3651 Sstpry S (M) 
Sast-Pare (dstbr) 
having mandate 
Sund. IMTT 1992, 79n 55 

3652 6stprtr -» prtr- 

3653 dstwb'ry C 
Sastu-Pare =*8st } wPry 
handiwork 

BSTii 905, 19; Benv. JA 1955, 316, C2 gloss,, 
Sstfiry, Schwartz. AoF 1, 26a, S W, C2, 5R 29, 
57V 20 p52-5R 

3654 Sstw pr- M, S jj^^jUlo-o 
Sastu-par 

0{?)lay hand 

Hen. BSOAS 11, 65; GMS 1131 n 1; dst fir, Frag. 
Len. 77R5 

3655 Sstwpry => Sst'wPry 

3656 dstysn'm C o-o^y^i 
5aste-sn&m 

washing hands 
C2, 57R 13 

3657 5scy(y) M (c^J:^ J-ffl .).U^ja i 3 ^ jjj 
5(a)sce, 8isci d>Av. daOuso >*Sa0si >*6atsi 

>*Sasti >Sasci =>8ts rwc, *s8yscyy 
eighth and fifteenth day of the month 
GMS 109, 276, 443 

3658 6sn B c~-fj 
5asn <DAv. daisna-, Parth. MP Ssn ©voc. -y 

=>8sny w't 
right, just 

TSP 3.204 n pl98; Hen. Texts. 729 

3659 6sny w't B, S, M *-o*-4 
8asne-wat =*8sn 

south wind 






145 



dw^ng^ 



TSP 3.204; Hen. Texts. 729; Ssny w y t pYy "Wind 
god", Sund. Liste 1944, 455-7 

3660 5st- B =» 5yst-, 6st>y 

3661 SstNvch M, S Jljb<j» 
5(a)/i/ostauc ©<*dusta-wauc(=dustaw(an)+auc) 

=»5stwc, 6ystwc 
poverty 
GMS 119, 1080; KG 336; W-Lii: Gropp. 38 ; BBB 

633 

3662 8st ) wcy B jlyU*^ 
6ostauce/i ? 

poor 
Frag. 2a.7 

3663 6st>y B : <^u 
5iste (5st-) ©*dista; fdais- ©pp. ^Systk 
built 

VJ 14 b ; dsty, Sund. AI 28, 1988 pl8l 

3664 Sstw'n B, M jlyli*^ 
5(a)stwan (dstw'n) ©*dus-tuwdn ©pi. -(•, ob. 

pi. ~ty =>cstw>n, dystw*n 
poor 
W-Lii; Frag.2a.12.21; VJ 49, 51, 77, 122; TSP 

2.1178, 12.21; BSTBL, Intox. 10; Tales. 486.23; 

BSTii 885.3, 894.18; C2, 51V 6, 54R 18, 51R3, 

105V 6 

3665 dstw^ C => Sstw>n 

3666 Sstwc S is>Jj~>*j* 
6ostauc (dstwc) ^Sst'wch 

poverty 

Hen. Tales. 486.18; C2, 51V 9 ; BSTii 886.9 

3667 dstwc C => Sstwc 

3668 St- B, M ^j jl J ^ <» 
Satu ©Av. daitaka ©nom. ace. nt. -w ; pi. -yst 

=»6tyst 
wild animal 
VJ 313, 949, 968; TSP; BBB 512; GMS 1169, 

1172; 6ttw* TSP 9.45 

3669 St'yst =* Styst 

3670 Sts rwc S f >jc— jjj j ^y\ jjj j ^ } 3J 

Sats/c-roc =»5scy(y), 5yscy(y) 

eighth and fifteenth and twenty third day of 

the month 
MDii P 120, mzySts "fifteenth day"; Hen. 

Orientalia. 8, 95 

3671 5tw =» 8t- 



3672 Styst B, S ahy± Ol« 
Satist (65tystt, Stfyst) ©pi. ob. -ry =*5t- 

wild animals 

BBB p61, 512; GMS 1186; Frag. Len. 120, 5; MSP 
b32, 101 elO 

3673 5w> B,M (u>=* >=■** >>)j* 

5wa (dw>) ©<*d(u)wa ^^ 5yP-, SyPty- 
two 

EGSii 139; GMS 501, 1316, 1320; S W, C2, gloss. 
199; ace. dwy, C2, 6V 13 

3674 dw> =* 6w> 

3675 dw*psynty C j^^-Ji- < t>r ^>> 
dwa-pasynt/de 

bisected, halvedidivided into two parts) 
C2,22V12, 66V 10 n p59, 11-12 

3676 dw* pwx'y C o^vj-> 
8wa-puxay 

bisected, halvcdidivided into two parts) 
Sund. AoFiii 1975 p65, 22 p67 n50 

3677 dw'ryt C \jj>> *^i a -*r ^ 
6wa-ret 

having two faces 
Sund. AI 1988, 181 

3678 Sw'sp'rm'k C ^j;*^^ 
5wa-sfarme ^sp^rntfk 

bisexuaK/iavzng two kinds of pudenda) 
SCE 356 

3679 5w>ts M .jjiji 
5watas (dw>ts) ©<*duwa-dasa\ Av. duvadasa; 

Oss. duvadas\ Past, dvalas ©abl. dwUsnu 
twelve 
GMS 289, 1321-2; EGSii 146; STi 33.12, 78.14; 

BBB; dw>dys, SwHs, W-Lii 548, 7, 17 

3680 dw'ts C =* 5w>ts 

3681 5w> w'pr B ofx^ 
5wa-wafar =^w J pr 

double, twice as much 
BSTBL, Dhy. 128 

3682 dwNvystmyq C ^ j c.^u 

6wa-wist-mik 
twenty-second 
C2, 56R2 

3683 dw^ng'n M ^ 
5wa-zangan 

of two kinds 
BBB 525 



■■■■Ml 



6wy5r 

3684 6wr5r S j^> 
5uydar (SwYth) ©ob. -yh =»8Ywt-(h), 

5wYtrt(h), 8wx8r 
daughter 
Anc. Lett. 3a 1.27 

3685 6\YYt C,) M <u>*>^jj)>^ 
5uYd(a) (8wxth, dwYt (,) ) ©f. n. =»SYwt-(h) 

daughter 

BBB c22 ; Tales. 472.38; GMS 421, 940, 1170; C2, 

26R8; SwYtK VJ 1009, 1135, 1485; TSP 2.150; 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 137.7; EGSii 

3686 dwYt c,) C ==» 8wyi (,) 

3687 6wYth -* 8wYSr 

3688 6wYtrt(h) M jl^* 
6uYdart ©ob. pi. -fy =*8wYSr, 8wYt (>) 
daughters 

Hen. Talcs. 486, 6, 7, 10; GMS 1231 

3689 5wk } B Uwot^ 
8oka, loka ©Skt. loka ©nom. -> ; ob. -y(h) 

~*rwk 
world 
SCE; BSTBL, Dhu. 161; TSP 2.576, 8.85; SwkK 

Frag. Len. 32.11; dwkyh Dhy. 399 



146 



3690 5wk } pr6wk> B 



A> 



ts^ J 



iiw* jl 



8oka-par8oka (Swk prSwk) ©Skt. 

loka-paraloka 
from this word to another 
BSTBL, lntox. 20 ; TSP 2.42-3, 1146-7, 1198, 10.9; 

Swkh prdwkK TSP 2.503; dwky prSwky, TSP 

2.28; <5wk y prSwk'cyk, TSP 2.1079 



3691 8wk'yck > B 
5/Iokick 
worldly 
BSTBL, Dhu. 270(N) 

3692 Swkcyk B 
Sokcik (5wkcyq) 
worldly 
GMS 1014; TSP 2.47 

3693 5wkcyq M =¥ 8wkcyk 

3694 Swk pr5wk =$ 8wk J prSwk* 

3695 5wlyy M 
8ule? 
Aquarius 

Hen. AM 1952, 203.1 

3696 8wm M 

8um(b) (8wmph) ©ob. -y =»8wnp>k 



<^W 



Jk=r 



(c^)^ < jj-> 



r* 



tail 



BBB f8 ; VJ 1419; MSP p45 bl41, 159-60, 
dwmpy, bill 

3697 Swmph B, S =* 8wm 

3698 8wn M =* 5n, 8>wn 

3699 8wnp l k B -u*, f i 
8um/nb/pc (8wnpy) ©Pahl. dumbag =»5wm 
tail 

SCE 140; MSP bl80 ; EGSii 94 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 
120 

3700 5wnpy S ** 8wnp J k 

3701 dwr C o~ojj^<jj j 
Sur ©ob. -y =*8wr(h), 8wrtr 

far 

STi 52.5, 81.15; STii 3.17; BSTi 178-9; C2 gloss. 

3702 dwrVy C ^^ 
8urawc =>dwr 

distance 

BSTii905, 2 ; C2, 57V2, 61V16 

3703 5wr(h) B, M, S (u>> >^~* ^)^~~^j>> o>> 
8ur ©Av. OP dura ©ob. -y(h) =»dwr 

far 

GMS 353; VJ ; BSTBL; TSP 13.28 etc.; SCE 50, 96, 

333; Frag. Lcn. 44.7, 92, 16; Talcs. 481, 46 ; 

Frag. 2a.l8 ; SwrK VJ 892 

3704 dwrt (,) C jU^ 
5urt(a), Surta ©ob. -y\ f. n. =»8rwth 

peace, greeting 

STi 76, 2, 31, 4 ; STii 6.18; C2, 57R 16, 77R 13, 
94V 24 

3705 Swrtr B, M j jjA 
Surtar (dwrtr) 

farther 

BSTBL, Dhy. 108, 119; GMS 1285; C2, 94 VI 1 

3706 dwrtr C =* Swrtr 

3707 dwsy 1 C ^.i,,,^ 
8osy ©nom. dual. - } ; pi. -tw =»d J wsy 
neighbour 

BSTii: C2, 60R2; STi 21.12; GMS 1141 n 1 

3708 dwsy 2 C ^ju oU>j ^oxjjf ^ 
Sose ? ©<*dausika ? ©pi. -/ 

religious rite performer 

STi 30.5; Gersh. TPS 1969, 169 

3709 8ws- B J>jjf<o>jSj; 
80s 

0o)peak, 0o)nibble 



147 



Sypty- 



jjjb 



OIL 



SCE 400 

3710 6wtyy M Uj>)*jf*£z<J* 
5ut(e) ©Wakh. lut =»Swlyy 

jug 
BBB 530 

3711 SwxSr S 
6uydar ©ob. -yk =*8wy8r 

daughter 

Anc. Lett. 1.1, 3al, 27, Swxth, lal 

3712 5\vxth S =* 8wx8r, 8wyt (,) 

3713 SwylOO B => dwyst 

3714 dwyd C 

©ob. -y ; pr. name \ 

David 
C2 ; STii 6$, 10, 12 

3715 dwynt C 
Siwand ? =>dywyd 
with it 

BSTi 247 

3716 dwyst C o~»>) 
5owist, 6wcst (5wyl00) ©<Av. duye-saite 

^Swyst 
two hundred 
STii 1.82; SCE 561; BSTBL, Padm. 45; GMS 1316; 

SW,C2n p51 

3717 dwystysywystmyq 
8wiste se-wist-mik 
two hundred and twenty-third 
C2, 1R9 n p50.51 

3718 6x S 
8ax ? ©<daha ©prop. n. SxzHk 
male, man 

S W, Rock. Insc. Indus Valley 1989, 135 ; CII, 
1992, p51 

3719 8xs- M jjj^o^jO^j^^ 
8axs 

0o)give pain, (ro)hurt 

Sogdica. 48.2; Gersh. AHM 181n 

3720 dxscyq C 
Saxscik ©ob. pi. -ty 
buried, entombed 

Sund. AI28, 1988, 181 

3721 6xsny M 
Saxsne 
mark, sign 
Sogdica. 48.2, 49.2 



r>-^ 



v<> 



oy^ 



9 b ijltl 



3722 dxst- (,) C l^w,^Jo 
8axsta (ydxstyO ©f. nom., ace. ->; loc. -y J 

=*5YSt-(h) 
plain, desert 
STii L78 ; STi 34.1, 58.10; Sund. AoFviii 1981 

p214, 7a R3 ; BSTii 888.2: C2, 60 R2; STSC 

46.14 

3723 dxstyq C ^Js**"'^* 
Saxstik 

of the desert 
C2, 83V2npl63 

3724 5y M n B <ii(£w>j / ^ k^x\ i Jjt 
8yan (8y>n) ©dhyana; Skt samadhi ©ob. - f)J y ; 

ace. -w 
meditation 
BSTBL; Sogdica. 60.3 

3725 5y>n -» 5y»n 

3726 5y>ncyk B ^Jjs tJJc ju >> 
5yancik =»6y*n 

{related rcOmeditation 
GMS 1014 

3727 5yp- B ^ 
5i/o|3 ©<*dwi- ©in compd. =»8Ptyk, Sw> 

two 
GMS 1320 

3728 ayp'zp'k B J^tj^j^^j^ 
8ip(a)z)3ak (SypzP'k) 

two-tongued, hypocrite 

TSP 2.1120, 17.14; SCE 442; GMS 430 

3729 6yp6tt B k*^ 
5eP5at ? ©Skt. Devadatta 

an enemy of the Buddha 
BSTBL, Dhu. 106 

3730 8ypnw B, M jv> 
8iPnu (dybnw) ©Lat. binl, <*dwi-nu =»8Pnw 
both 

EGS 140; GMS 1316, 1320; BBB; VJ ; TSP 2.189, 
5.59, 73; BSTBL, Dhy. 35; S W, 11R26; C2, 
pl99 

3731 dybnw C =* Sypnw 

3732 SyPpWkCw) B l^ 
5iPpa5e ®pL6yflp>Syt 

biped 

VJ 1177; TSP 5.76; GMS 430; Syflpdw, VJ 1484 

3733 8ypty- B JSi&stfc 
8ipdi ©abl. -> ; ace. -w =*Sptyk, Spt>y-w 

other, second 



MM 



un 



149 



GMS 1043; pi. Syn'fir'st, Syn'fir'st 

3759 Syn'pr'nyg M (^^*<*J)+j£t><iSj>£±> 
SenaParanig 

DenavarCa Manichean seet) 
BBB bl 

3760 Syn'pr'st M, S ^U ^jf ^ jU j 
SenaParast ©pi. -^Syn'Pr'nc 

electae 

GMS 260; 6ym*fir>su Frag. Len. 45.4 

3761 5yn J k B ^ 
6ene ©pi. ->y/ =*8yn>y 

(o/)religion 

TSP 2.742-3 • 

3762 6yn } r M =* Syn'r 

3763 Syn'rk'h S ^j^ 
8enarak, Scnarc ©ob. ~yh 

G?/)Denar 

MDii p31.20 p200 

3764 Syn'rt'wspyh M ^u ^LJT jlf jujf 
Sen-artawaspya (Syn'rtwspyO 

community of electi 

GMS 470; W-Li, ii ; BBB ; MSP bl21 ; Frag. Len. 
77V6; SynWwspfkh, KG 608 

3765 5yn > rtwspy ) =» 8yn > rt > wspyh 

3766 8yn>y B vk>tf«J«*J 
Sene ? ©pi. dyn*yty ->5yn'k 

sect, religious sect 
TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len. 

3767 6yn>yk M, S ' yi> ^ ***jf 
Senik (5ynyk) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty 

faithful 

GMS 995; KG; 350, 444, 615, 582; MSP bl27 

3768 Synpr S 
8enpar =»8yn»Pr 
priest 

Frag. Len. 68.3 

3769 Sync- B (^ ;J^)oj^Oj^ O-^ 
8/Genc ©*0anjaya =*Sync } k 

(to)pull out 

GMS 70; Hen. L W 104 

3770 5ync>k B aJ ^ 
Oence, Gencak ©pres. part. ^zP'k-Sync'k 
pulling out 
SCE 246 

3771 5yncyhryft M 
dencihrlft ©<Parth. 



iJ^JJ 



Oj^Ki 



J±£s. O^J 



J^ *ji J 'tri-* C^ 



«w"AJl* I 



j*-' w 



Synyfrn 

order of electi 
BBB 554 a4 ; W-Lii 

3772 5yn5"r B, M, S jj)^ $ < 6 jo jf ^ < jLlj j ^Ij ^> 

5en5ar (8yn8 } r, dnd>r) ©pi. -f; ob. pi. -ty 

^dynd^y* 
religious, priest, monk, electus 
GMS 1135-6; TSP 2.823, 7.41; VJ 22, 121; BBB 

f 30, 32, 623; STii 3.1, 5, 43, 58, 6.2; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p214, 8R4 ; KG 351; C2 gloss. 

3773 6yn5>r =» 8yn8»r 

3774 dynd'ry 1 C ^jIj^j < tf .y.f ^ ta, <LJS" <*^jUjj 
Sen8arya ^Synt^y*, 8ynS*r 

church, priesthood 
STii 3.7 

3775 SynfVS M 
5en-fra5 

promotor of the religion 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 143.1 

3776 Synh B, M, S 
Sen ©f. n. ; ace. -wh; ob. -yh; pi. -t **8yn, *try 

swc*y 8ynh 

religion, belief 

TSP 2.315, 1173; O 5 26.32; BBB ; Frag. Len. ; KG 
pl83 ; MSP p45;Synmzt ) yzm pYy "the god of 
Mazda-yasna religion", Sund. Liste 1994, 459 

3777 5ynmync(h) M, S jo* !*•_*>» <^j 
Sen-menc 

religious 

GMS 1103; KG 434; Frag. Len. 77V8; MSP b62, 
119-20; Synmyc, MSP e20 

3778 5ynp5»ry M ^ ^u 
8enpa8are ©pi. -t 

protector of religion 
KG2368pl83 

3779 fiynsWr M #> J>^ 
8en-sar8ar ©<Parth. 

religious leader 
BBB 623 

3780 Synt'ry' M ^ Jjujj icZjLaj <ojU-j j 
Sendarya ^dynd'ry* 

monkship, monkhood 
GMS 283, 1111; BBB b46 

3781 Synyfrn M jp'j 
8ene-farn (Synyprn) ©ob. -yy 

fortune of the religion 

W-Lii; KG 511; Sund. AoFvi 1979, 102; Gersh. 



5ynyk 



150 



Sogd. Cpds. 139.142; MSP p45 bll7 

3782 Synyk => 8yn > yk 

3783 Synyprn S => Synyfrn 

3784 6ys S(C) oK*«U- 
Ses 

place 

STSC 140 Psalter. 133.24 

3785 8ys- M ^U 
Ses (dysd'r-, dys- 1 ) =»5ystk, Syst- 

(to)build 

GMS 596; BBB 494; Sund. AI 28, 182; AVS 125 

3786 dys- 1 C ** Sys- 

3787 dys- 3 C j j^^tjzjjj 
Ses =^n*dyst 

(to)bc located 

STSC 182; Sund. AI 28, 1988, 182 

3788 dysdV- =» Sys- 

3789 dysny C jU^-L-^jujU 
Scsne ©pi. -t 

builder, building 
STi 21.16 

3790 5yscy(y) M (c^i.^j^^U^^L j*=±a j^j 
Sisc(i) ©Av.da&uso =*5scy(y), Sts rwc 
eighth(art<i)fiftccnth day of the month 

Hen. Fasts. JRAS 1945, 149.20, 151.60 

3791 6yst- B, M 
Sist (Sst-, dyst-) ©<*dista ©pt. st. =»5ys- 
GcObuild 
GMS 114, 596; 6yst>t, STii 3.32, 26 

3792 dyst- C =* Syst- 

3793 Syst'ych S 
Sestic, Sestec 
building 
Sund. MHC 27.6, 28 n 48 

3794 Systk B 
Siste (Systyy) ©pp. =>Sys-, 5st>y 
built 
TSP 2.372; GMS 114 

3795 dystw'n C 
Sostwan ©pi. -/ =^8stw } n 
poor, miserable 
STi 81.16, 34.6 

3796 Systwc M 
Sostauc ©<*dustawauc =>Sst>wch 
poverty 
GMS 1119, 1080; BBB; Hen. Cosm. 307.38 

3797 Systyy M -> Systk 



^U 



Uj <OleJL>-L* 



j^»-L> 



."■OvJj i^J) ^i \j 



•*>-o*Jj i^Jl^iU 



3798 Syw 1 B, M ^ 
Sew (dyw 3 ) ©<daiva ©ob. -y ; pi. ~t\ ob. pi. 

-ty(y)(hh voc. -> 

demon 

TSP 2.536, 13.8 etc.; SCE 250, 261; GMS 1439, 
BBB 761; BSTi; C2 gloss.; Hen. Cosm, 312, 114, 
123; Magi. 138 ; Syw\ voc. BSTi 270 

3799 8yw J B, M (a^^H^I J^J^lSLy 
Sew 

unreliable, deceitful 

TSP 12.31 n p225 ; GMS 60; BBB 689 

3800 Syw 3 B (o^J)j^^^ 
5e/iw 

smartweed 
SCE 165 

3801 dyw' C jii 
Syu ©<*hadd-iyam =*d-, yw 1 

with him 

Benv. JA 1955, 321; C2 gloss. 

3802 dyw 3 C^'Syw 1 

3803 6yw>kk S 
Scwak 
heavenly 
Sogdian coins 

3804 5yw>nt(y) B yjliyj i^y iy )^ 
8iwand(y) =*dywnt 

in it, with it, through him 
GMS 1462; TSP 2.560, 542 ; VJ 262; Frag. Len. 
68.4, 87,4 

3805 Syw'styc S g^'^j^-^^ajfjAlifU 
Scwastic, Siwastic ©pr. name 

Dewashtich (a sogdian prince) 
MD 

3806 5y w'styyc M ^^o t^*j*\ 
Sewastic 

demoniac 

GMS 1277; Hen. JRAS 1944; Magi. 142.7 

3807 Syw'yS B, M, S l^U^k^JL 
SiweS/8 (dywyO, SywyS) ©<*hada-w-aita ? 

<*hada-awa-aita =»dywyd 
to it, in it, with it 
GMS 1403-4, 1455; TSP 3.225, 291, 22.6, 7, 9 ; VJ 

137, 1063; KG 326 ; BBB b88 f24 ; Lentz. STii 

p512 

3808 SywS't B, M (;'^^)°^T^!<^> 
Sew-Sat (SyywS't) 

demoniac 



L^ 



VJ 1092; GMS 1644; STii p582 ; BBB 665 

3809 6ywywn S ^l~T 
5ewyon ^5yw } kk 

heavenly 

MDii pl04 ; Hen. BSOAS 28, 1965, 253 

3810 dywm'nwq C ^.j«j'j^ 
5ew-manuk 

demon-like 

BSTi 81; Gersh. JRAS 1946, 180 

3811 Sywmyc M ^^W- ^v^-j*' '^y-* 
5cw-mec 

demoniac 

GMS 1103; KG 583 * 

3812 dywnt C jA kly «i^j l tJi ll 
diwand (ndywnt) ^Syw'ntCy) 

with it, to it 

GMS 1404; STi 33.9; STii 1.96.5.33; BSTi 247 ; C2 
gloss. 

3813 Sywny'ty M (<^^ji->)^jj»j^j>j 
5ew-nyate 

fool 

BBB; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 148 

3814 6ywstn M (ufc-^j),*.* 0&- 
6ew(a)stan 

demon's place 
GMS 1118 

3815 8ywsn B I^M^IL 
5iwasan, 5iwesn (6ywysn) ©*hada-avaisan 
with them, them 

GMS 1404, 1451, 1623; KG 350 

3816 6yvvy>kh S (u-^*j* j )J^^-^ 
Sewyak 

foolishness 

MDii B18, 12; Hen. BSOAS 1965, 253; Livsic. 
HMV p262 n 24 

3817 5ywy5 =» Syw^S 

3818 dywyd C 
5iwe5/9 (ydwyd, ndywyd, dywyG) ^Syw'yS 
to it, with it, for it 
BSTi; C2 gloss. 

3819 Sywysn M =» 5ywsn 

3820 dywyB =$> dywyd 

3821 dyx'w =» dyxw 

3822 dyxw C 



ji'<; « ji ,{ ? 



8ix(a)u (dyx'w) ©<dahyau ©ob. -y 



*jji 



village 

BSTii 878.6.7, 827.55; C2, 1R17, 86R1, 87R6, 7, 8, 

18, 87 V15, 94V25; STii 3.54; Sund. AoFviii 

1981 p214, 16V5 

3823 6yyn M =* Syn 

3824 8yyw6 J t M =» 5yw5>t 

3825 Syz> M *JS« > 
5iza (dyzO ©<OP dida ©f. n. 

stronghold, fort 
BBB f 57; STii 3.27 

3826 dyz> C «* 5yz> 



f 

3827 -f M y t \j 
f ©2sg. pers. pron. =>-fy, tyw, d } f\ c } f\ pr'P, 

'rt', -P 
you 
GMS 1355; S W, C2n p77.31 

3828 V B (, 
fa (p><) 

or 

BSTBL, Dhy. 24 

3829 Tcmrz- C js£ J3 j* <ojuU^ 
facmarz (fcmst-) ©impf. =»fcmrz- 
Go)seize 

STi 6.11; C2, 87V 13 n pi 2; BSTii 879.13, x'cmrz 

3830 Pnys- C 0->j>^J^ < j-^ol^/ 
fanes ? ©impf. =^fnys- 7 

OcObe deceived 
C2, 24V 6 

3831 fr'mnc C => Prmyc- 

3832 frmyc- M J^j/jj^U 
faram3(n)c ? (Pr'mnc) ©impf. =>fr } mync- 
(^)undress 

GMS 334, 615; S W, C2, 57V 22 n pl22 

3833 f'rstm'nqy* M ^U u ^ jl ^Lj^UxL^jJ'j^ 

farast-man(a)kya ©/V&-; <fra-rasta 
magnanimity(fl subdivision of the first part of 

the soul) 
GMS 246, 322 

3834 f's'c- M 
fasac ©impf. ^fs'c-, 'ps'c- 
0o)tcach 
GMS 617 



fVk 



152 



3835 fVk ** ^s'k 

3836 f»S»m- C <^j 
fasam ©impf. ^fs'm-, P's'm- 

(to)scnd 

STii 6.18; BSTii 860.34, 873.11; C2, 23V4, 55R27, 
66R 11 

3837 f'sqr- C o>J'ijjjmo*J'J+> 
faskar ©impf. =»fskr- 

(ro)follow 
C2, EV 

3838 Psn's- M ^Ui 
fasnas ©<*fraxsnasa ©impf. =»fsn J s- 
(rc)know 

Sogdica. 31.9; S W, BSOAS 1980, 50 

3839 ft>yr- C, S oxl^^of 
fater (Ptyr-) ©impf. =»ftyr- 2 

(to)cross over, 0o)remove 
C2, 87V 12; Frag. 2a23 

3840 Ptyr- =* f>t>yr- 

3841 Pyr- B o>s~f 
fair, fcr ©<*fra-araya ? =^fyr- 
(/<?)stretch,Oo)extend 

GMS 322; BSTBL, Dhy. 385 

3842 Pytr =» pr'yttr 

3843 fc'npS B ^.u 
facamba5 ©ob. -y =^Pc > np5(5), fcmpd, 

>fcmb6(5), >Pcmp5 
world 
Lentz. STii 8.3 n p582 

3844 fcmb8 M ul^<^ 
fcampa5, f(9)camba$ (fcmbd) ©Gersh. 

*frascamba; A v. frascimbana ©ob. -y ; pi. -t 

-*fc»np8, 'fcmbS^X 'pc'npSCS) 
world 
C2 gloss.; STi 43.15, 60.6, 84.11; Sund. AoFviii 

1981 pl89, 24V 8 ; GMS 169, 372 

3845 fcmbd C *+ fcmbS 

3846 fcmbdcyq C :^ 
f(3)camba8cik ©ob. -y ; pi. -t; ob. pi. -ty 

^fcmbScyk 
worldly 
GMS 1014, 994; C2, 54V18, 40R13, 104R12; STi 

81.14; Sund. AoFviii 1981 pl89, 24V2, 5 

3847 fcmbSyk M ^ 
f(3)camba5ik ©pi. -r 

worldly 



GMS, BSOAS 11.74, lOn 5; GMS 994 

3848 fcmpd C jl*r«U 
f(o)campa5 ©ob. -y =*fcmbS, fc'npS 

world 

STi 14, 15, 72.4, 75.9, 77.1, 71.5 ; Sund. AoFviii 
1981 p214 

3849 fcmrz- C d*^ 
facmarz, facmarz ©<*fraca-marz ? ©impf. 

fcmrz ^Pcmrz-, fcmsty 
(/cOseize 
STi 6-11; Sund. AoFiii 1975, 16R6; Schwartz. 

STSC 16; C2, 12R3n pl22 

3850 fcmst- =» Pcmrz- 

3851 fcmsty C <^f mxb^ 
focmaste, facmaste ©pp. =*fcmrz- 

seizcd 
STSC 16 

3852 fS'ymtyh B v f^<o>-i' 
foScmtya -^pS'ymtyh 

magic, illusion 
STii 8.4 

3853 f5'ys B, M ^U^^U^coJj 
f(o)5es (f5ys) ©<*fra-daisa ^ , P5 ) ys, fGys, 

p5 J ys 
vision 
GMS 459, 315A; Sogdica. 20.22; BSTBL, Dhy. 

349, "apparition" 

3854 f6ys =* 'pS'ys, f5>ys 

3855 fn C *^£Li<^3 
fa/an, fonn =>frn, prn 1 

fortune, glory 

BSTii 858.25; C2, 23R 25 

3856 -fn M Ui<,<ljUi-<Li 
fa/an ©2pl pers. pron. =*-pn, -tn 1 

you 

BBB f60 ; GMS I38l ; Hen. Tales. 469.12. hyfn 

3857 fn's C Jdf <IL±- «Li ijt\^J 
f(o)nas, fanas ©<*fra-nas =»Pn J s 

error, deception, illusion 

GMS 320; STii 2.22, 4.11; C2, 31V10, 52R15 

3858 fns>x M S^J 
fansax ? ©<*frasdnxa- =»fswx, 'Ps'ny, fs'x 
parasang 

GMS 435 

3859 fny- M o>J'^io>J'dj^> 
fsnay, fanay =*prny- 

GcOrepudiate, OcOexclude 



153 



fr'wycyh 



Ooial^^-o io*^p o\j*5 



U\jS 



t<&j* 



BBB f 15, 18 ; GMS 320; Benv. TSP p205, 115 

3860 fnys-' C o^^tJ^J'^^ 
fanes, fanes ©<fra-nasaya =»fnyst-, Pn'ys- 

OcOdeceive, Oo)seduce 
GMS 320; C2, 69 V17n p53, 67 ; BSTii 848.51; 
BSTi 187 

3861 fnys- 2 C o>jy^<^tJ^o^^^ 
fanes, fanes ©<*fra-nasya ©impf. f*ns\ 2sg. 

impv. frfys 
Go)be deceived 
C2, 24V6, 7R28 

3862 fnyst- C 
fonist, fanist ©pt, st. 
GcOscduce 
STii 4.43; GMS 867 

3863 fnysty C 
foniste =»fnys-\ fnys- 2 
seduced 

BSTi 263; BSTii 848.55; C2, 69V21; STii 5.39 

3864 fr } Yz- B o>J'&J' Ox jIpT 
frayaz ©impf. ^pr'y'z-, PrYz-, fr'y'z- 
(fo)begin 

BSTBL, Dhy. 193 

3865 fr»yrp- B 
frayarP ©impf. =»fryrP- 
OeOgive, (ro)offer 
BSTBL, Dhy. 176; AVS 108 

3866 fr w n M {^ jJ j^ 
fran ©=MP pr>whr =»Pr>n 
breath, air 
Sogdica. 27.17, Hen. n p28 

3867 fr w wyscy B 
frawisci ? ®<*framusti; Yaghn. firomicls 

^pr'wcy, fr'wycyh, pr } wscy(h), frwycy 
forgetfulness 
BSTBL, Dhy. 167 +wn "to forget"; GMS 382 

3868 fr>5 M jjij\ 
fraS 

increase 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 143.1 

3869 frYz- B, M u^j> 
frayaz ©impf. =»prY>z-, Pr'y'z-, fry'z-, pr'y'z- 
(to)begin 

STii 8.7; BSTBL, Dhy. 193; GMS 325 

3870 fVk M 

frak (fr>q) ©<*fraka ; Yaghn. fir ok ^Pr'k 1 , 



^^•'tr*^ 



Ks-ytJ 



pr»k, Prk 
morning, early 
BBB 697; GMS 1109, 991 A; STi 36.4 

3871 fr»q C ^ fr'k 

3872 fr'qcsny C al^*^ <c*iU cJj 
frak-casne 

breakfast time, morning 
Sund. AoFiii 1975, 61; STi 36.4 

3873 fr'kcynyy M *LuL»&w 
frakcene ^pr'k'yncyk, br'qcny 

morning 

GMS 1025; Hen. JRAS 1945, 154.5 

3874 fr'qrnt- C O^uUj 
frakrant ©impf. =»frkrnd- 

(to)destroy 

C2, 87R13; BSTii 873.13 

3875 f r'm'y- M, C (j^ >^ j*)o>sJ 
framay (frm'd'r-) ©impf. ^pr'm'y-, frm'y- 
OeOorder, GcOcommand 

GMS 617; STi 16.19; STii 6.12; BSTi; BSTii; C2 

3876 fr'mnc C =» fr'mync- 

3877 fr'mrz- M <>^V> 
framarz ®*frmrz- ©impf. =»frmst- 
(ro)spoil 

GMS 617 

3878 fr'myc- => fr'mync- 

3879 fr'mync- M a>jjT JJu -U 
frami(n)c (fr } mnc, fr'myc-) ©<*fra-muncaya ? 

=*pr*mc-, f'rmyc-, Pr'mcn-, pr*mc- 
(rc)undress 
GMS 438, 600; BBB 516 

3880 fr'skyr'n M v y- 
fras-kiran ^Pr's kyr'n 

south 

BBB, S38 pl25 

3881 fr'st- B j./cJiA t j:/l^ 
frast ©<*fra-rasta ©pt. St. =*fr'yz-, frst-, 

n'frst 
(ro)erect, (ro)lead 
GMS 319; AVS 136 

3882 fr'st'y B o-lj o'y-l 
fraste ©pp. =^frst'h 

erect 

BSTBL, Dhy. 26 

3883 fr'wycyh M j± y \j 
frawlci/-ya ©<*frawisci\ <framusti 



fr'wz- 



154 



<->■>. 



JiV 



J-rt 



=>fr*wyscy, frwycy, prNvscylh) 
forgetfulness 
BBB 605 b78 n p75 ; GMS 351, 382 

3884 frNvz- M 
frawaz ©impf. =>frwz- 
Uo)fty 

GMS 617 

3885 fr'yz- B O^L^'O^A^ 
frez ©<*fra-razaya =»fryz-, fr'st- 
OcOstraighten, GcOcrect 

GMS 319; BSTBL, Dhy. 84 ; STi 31.14 

3886 fryV B j^> <j**> «&^> T 
farxar ©ob. -y =*PrY } r 

temple 
? 3 

3887 fry> z - M u:>»T 
frayaz ©impf. fr^z =*prY>z-, fr'y'z-, Pr'y'z- 
(/cObegin 

GMS 325; BBB f72 

3888 fryn 01 M, C */<j>^> 
frayna (Prynh, prynh, frynh) ®f. n. =*P J ryn, 

pryn* 
manner, kind 
W-Lii 547; BBB 767 ; STi 20.4, 36.13, 40.5, 41.2, 

57.16, 81.12, 82.5; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 23V5; 

STii 8.2, 5 ; BSTii; C2 gloss, prymyd frYn\ C2, 

27V 19 

3889 frynh B ^ fryn ( >> 

3890 fryrp- B u*b<uJui*» 
frayarP ©^fra-garba ©impf. fr'Yrp- 

=>fr»yrp-, pryrp- 
GcOgive, OcOoffer 
BSTBL, Dhy. 176 

3891 frkr'nt- =* Prkr>nt- 

3892 frkrnd- M Oj^f*laS<j^ 
frakrand (frqrnt-) =»prkr ) nt- 

0o)cut 

GMS 152 ; BBB 501; C2, 87R 13, impf. fr'qrntnt 

3893 frqrnt- C =* frkrnd- 

3894 frqynny C J^J-^J <<4-y^ <Jȣ 
frakenne ? =^frkyrny 

indifferent, negligent 

Benv. J A 1955, 309; C2, 60R 3, 7; BSTii 884.7 

3895 frqyny* C ^jlf ji^fy < J^f <cJUp 
frakennya ? ©f. n. ^frkyrnyky* 
negligence 



jJ_/"cJiP <d>J' i j>k=*l { J. 



UipI 



<*'< 



JiU 



> frqynny 



c/J^ 'LSi^'i^ 



BSTii 884.7 ; C2, 48V 10 

3896 frkyr- M 
fraki/er ? (frqyr-) 
(rcOneglect 

GMS 326; Hen. BBB 605 p74 

3897 frqyr- =* frkyr- 

3898 frkyrn M iSj^J-^J 'jfry^ '^P*^. l ^fc 
fraki/ern ? 

negligence 
BBB 605 p74 

3899 frkyrny M 
fraklrne ? ©pres. part, 
negligent 
BBB 605; GMS 892 

3900 frkyrnyky* M 
frakirnekya =>frqyny } 
indifference, negligence 
BBB 605; GMS 997, 1695 

3901 frm n n =* frnVn 

3902 frm'd'r- C =» fr'm'y-, frm't- 

3903 frm'n M, C J>w< ^ 
framan (frm*n) ©<OP framana ©ob. -y ; ob. 

pi. ~ty ^prm'n 1 
order, command 
GMS 1026; Hen. Talcs. 466, 469.16; BBB b2 ; STi 

84.12; BSTii: C2 gloss,, Sund. AoFviii 1981, 25 

V2 

3904 frmWr C 
framandar ©ob. pi. ~ty ^prm'n^r 
governor, tutor 
STi 83.4; GMS 1135 

3905 frm'n ptywsc C 

framan-patyosc ©f. adj. 
obedient, subordinate 
C2, 51R 18 

3906 frm'n ptywsqy* C 

framan-patyosakya ©f. n. 

obedience, servitude 

STii 6.13; C2, 108V 8; Sogd. Cpds. 145.3 

3907 frm'n ptywsy C (yJ^o^J)j^^J 
framan-patyose ©pi. -yt ^prm'n ptyws (,J y 
obedient, enslaved 

C2, 51R 20, 13V 19, 57R 28 

3908 frort- M, C 
framat ©pt. st. ^frm'y-, prm'y- 1 
(to)command 



J* 



Js tjxltj 



jhjJsJ 



<tSJ*jJ*J 



d>yj 



mMmmmmm 



^^WHiiiiiHiili& 



155 



frtry> 



GMS 565, BBB ; trans, pret. frrritd'r-. Hen. Tales. 
467.41; frmWr-, Sund. AoFviii 1981 p214 ; 
AVS 91 

3909 frm'tyty) M, C jjUJ<ij*J 
framate ©pp. nom. n. -/w> ; pi. -t 

ordered, commanded 

BBB 729; GMS 849 ; C2 gloss. 

3910 frm'y- M, C (Jj> s^ j*)o>j*J 
framay ©<*/ra-maya- ©impf. f^rrty 

-^frnVt-, prm'y- 1 , Prm'y- 
OcOorder, (r^)command 
BBB; GMS 327, 565; C2, 2sg. impv. frm'y, 

"please" S W, C2 p57.15 L AVS 91 

3911 frm } ync C 
framene ©f. pres. part, 
mistress 
C2, 13R30 

3912 frmrz- M 
framarz, framrz ©impf. framrz 
(fo)spoil, (/o)dcstroy 
GMS 327, 529; AVS 132 

3913 frmst- M 
framast ©<*fra-masta ©pt. st. -^fr'mrz-, 

Prm'yst- 
(/o)spoil 
GMS 147, 327, 529 

3914 frn M, C j&*±y*-<.jii<j 
farn ©<Av. xvardnah OP *farna ©ob. ~y 

=»prn\ fn 
glory, majesty, fortune 
GMS 526 ; W-Li, ii ; BBB; Tales. 470.50; BSTi 189 



_yLi-:U»- 



osj'oljis 



Of 



J^j 



3915 frnpry M 
farnPare =»pnu3rch 
glorious, fortunate 
GMS 1132 

3916 frnw'xsyq-t M 
farn-waxsik ©pi. 
glories(a/j^)spirits 

GMS 1640; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 148 

3917 frnxwndc M 
farnxund(a)c ©f. adj. 
glorious, fortunate 
GMS 1273 ; W-Lii 

3918 frnxwndky>(h) M 
farnxundakya 
splendour, fortune, majesty 
GMS 810, 985; BBB 



(jj^)jjtJ tJ ^ A J 



MohAjXVJ 



eJUi-^ 



•J&'iJ- 



3919 frnxwndy(y) M 
farnxunde (prnywn8y) ©<Av. xvardtxahvant 
glorious * 

BBB; GMS 939, 1092, 1241; frnxwnd, Frag. Lcn. 
77R6 

3920 frp w s- B, M 0*j<j=^W 
frapas (frp's-) ^Prp's- 

(^)throw, (/o)beat 

BSTBL, Dhy. 17, 134; Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.24 

3921 frp's- =» frp»s- 

3922 frst- M d>J'^j><d>J'Js-*l 
frast ©<*fra-rasta ©pt. st. ^fr'st-, Pr>st-, 

fryz-, frsty 
0o)settle, (to)makc straighten 
BBB; GMS 319 n 1; S W, C2 n pl32 ; AVS 128 

3923 frst'h ^>><c-i JO i^. 
frasta ©f. pp. ^fr'yz-, fr'st-, fr^t'y 

settled 

Hen. Talcs. 466.1, 468 n 2 ; GMS 884, ( +/?vw, 
potent, pass. ) 

3924 frsty C o^^lj 
frastc ©ace. -tw\ pi. -tyt =*fryz-, frst- 
upright, straight 

C2, 61R 22, 52V 10 

3925 frtp55 M Ub«>tfT 
f/ParatpaB ? (brtpd) ©*abi-(fra-rata- paOa 

^PrtpS 
informed 
Sund. MSP p45 

3926 frtr M, C y# <yj±j ij^> 
fratar ©<Av. fratara ©pi. -t =»ft'r, prtr 1 , } Prtr 
more, better 

BBB el2 ; GMS 437 ; STi 8.11, 10.11; C2, 120V2, 
48R18 

3927 frtrstr M 
fratar-star 
most, best 
GMS 437, 1290 

3928 frtrwny C 
frataru/one/I =*ftrwnyy 
improvement, increase 

GMS 1087; BSTii 893.23; C2, 31V 23 

3929 frtry' M, C J^J^j3J 
fratarya ^prtry'kh 

increase 

GMS 437, 1111; Hen. Tales. 469.15, 473.4 ; STii 
6.46 



Cf-jr&'Cf-JJ.'L 



>jr& ^Jj 3 l iSjty 



fr8yp- 



156 



cr-JJ 



<SJJ 



3930 frByp- C oJJt*JJ^j> 
fra9/5cp (frtyp-) ©<*fra-daipa =*ftyp- 
(to)lighten, (fo)flash, (ro)shine 

GMS 318 n 2; STi 65.6; Sund. AoF 6V6 p235; 
STSC; C2, 54V25; BSTii 895.55; AVS 166 

3931 frtyp- => frGyp- 

3932 frwq M y^^jj 
frok (frwwq) ©<*fra-rauka 

brightness, glow 
Sogdica. 29.3; GMS 319 

3933 frwra =* Pr'wm 

3934 frwmcyq C 
frumcik ©pi. -/ v 
Roman, Byzantine 
STi 57, 4.42; GMS 1016 

3935 frwmyq C 
frumik ©ob. pi. -ty ^Prwm'yk 
Roman, Byzantine 

BSTii 871.6.8; C2, 86 R3.87 R17 

3936 frwrt' C j/^jt^x^ 
frawart ©ob. -y 

corpse, grave 

STii 1.87; BSTii 843.38; C2, 68 V7 n pl49 

3937 frwrt 2 M (>jjj:^j^)^ ^j* }jj*jjj&>jjJ 
frawart ^Prw'rtn rwc 

Frawart, nineteenth day of the month 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 149, 16 

3938 frwrtqty C (^-^'kO^o^ 
frawart-kate ©abi. -'; ob. pi. -ty =»prwrtkty 
tombicorpse house) 

STi 63.10 ; STii 3.59, 64, 65, 69, 71, 5.29; BSTii 
903, 17, 20; C2, 57R 5, 17, 20, 53R 8; Sund. 
AoFi 1974,241.10-11,242.15 

3939 frwrty 1 M V >SC^U 
frawarte ©Parth. frwrdg =»Prwrtk ? 

epistle 

Hen. AM 1952, 21 

3940 frwrtyy 2 M 
frawarte/i ^'rt'w frwrtyy 
element, first element 
BBB pl20 ; W-Lii, Gropp. p38 

3941 frwwq =» frwq 

3942 frwx'y 'ywsty M J±y 
fruxay ?, -ayuste =*frxw*k 
destroy er(se par at ionist) 
Sund. Man. Lett. 310.21, 313 n 32 



JS" 



'>.J <J^43JU 



3943 f rwxspS M (^J> JjL*)«U ^U-oU- jl Ji 
froxspad ©<Skt.- prost [ha pada% Khwar. frxsbyO 
lunar mansion 

GMS 481, 1142; Hen. JRAS 1942 p242n 1 

3944 frwy B L&-«-Aj~«~*J 
farwe/i ? =>prwy, Prwy 

illusion 
BSTBL, Dhy. 346 

3945 frwycy C ^ySj 
frawici ©<frdwisci =»fr*wyscy, frNvycy h, 

P^wscyCh) 
forgetting, oblivion 
+wn- n to forget" C2, 48V 20, 94V 14 

3946 frwy$(6)- M j&f ^^ijju-j 
fraweS ©<*fra-waida\ fwaid- ^prw'yS-, 

Prw*y5- 
0o)reach, (to)h\t (an illness), (/o)af flict 
GMS 329; Hen. BSOAS 11, 484; Gersh. AHM 263 

3947 frwz- M, C jju ^ 
frawaz ©<*fra~waza ©impf. fr y wz =»Prwz~ 
(to)fly 

GMS 329, 1638; BSTii 915.2; C2, 39R 4 

3948 frxrws M v>«*"Jj(^ 
fraxros ©<Av. fraxraosya-, <xroad- 

timid 

BBB 690 p83 ; GMS 330 

3949 frxw>k M cJ^^^^l ^JJ£tJ m t J ^J)&c*A* 

fraxwak ^frwx'y *ywsty 
piece, choppingOia/ne of a dish) 
BBB 505.6; Sogdica. 3123; Hen. L W 99; GMS 
330 

3950 fry- C ^ fry(y)- 

3951 fry'm- M frJ'^ifrSij^ 
frayam 

(fo)finish, (r^)end 
GMS 321, 647; AVS 101 

3952 f ry>n f rytr M oU^ jlJuj? 
friyan frltar =^pry J nh prytmh 

dearest^/ the dear) 

BBB; GMS 28, 1207; W-Li: Gropp. p38 

3953 fry'tr M j^ 
frayatar ^fy'tr 

more 

GMS 1291; S W, C2n p83.13 

3954 fryNvy C 4£>u<jiP 



■H 



157 



fs'c- 



J>J'<ty 



o>. 



^bc— ji < jiibji jp 



-j-> <JL: 



t^j->(> < (J r^>iJ> T 



friyawe (fry'wyyh) ©abl. /ryV =^pry > w*k 
love, desire 

GMS 1082; Hen. Cosm. 307.48; Magi. 140n 2; C2 
61V 24, 57V 2, 3 

3955 fry'wyyh M =^ fry>wy 

3956 fry8- M 
fre5 ? 

(r<9 <io)penance 
Sogdica. 16, 17; GMS 725 

3957 fry d>r- C 
fri(nya)5ar (fry nyWr-) 
0o)love 
STi 79.7, 75.6 

3958 fryd'ryq C 
fri5arik 
lover 
STi 45.12 

3959 fryrr'mqy* C 
fri-yramakya (yr'mqyO 
love of money 
C2, 51R 24, 104V 6, 13, 104V 3, 10 

3960 fry ny'd'r- ■* fry d>r- 

3961 fryrw'n =* fryyrw'n 

3962 frystr C 
fristar 

dearer, dearest 
STi 79.7; GMS 1281 

3963 frys- M, C 
frais, fres ©<*fra-aisaya-, OP fraisaya-, fais- 

=*prys-, P^ys-, pr'ys- 1 
GcOsend 
GMS 129, 198, 331; AVS 128 

3964 fryst- M, C o^J 
frest ©<fra-ista ©pt. St. ^P^yst-, pryst- 1 , 

prst(y)- 
GcOsend 
GMS 598, 961; frystk, GMS 641; AVS 128 

3965 fryst =$ fr>yz- 

3966 frystk => Pr>yst>k 



jlJjlj* i jy.y- 



jjL-^9 



Cf-y 



'OsA^-i* 



3967 frystwrz M 
frost ? -warz 
most miraculous 
GMS 1299 n 1 

3968 frysty(y) M, C <&j<^j 
freste ©pi. -r ; ob. pi. -ty % ace. -tw ; abl. -f> ; f. 

-re ^pr'yst'k 



messenger, angel, apostle 

GMS 961; BBB; Cosm. 307 ; STi 22.18; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p214 ; STii 3.4; BSTi 116, 166; 

BSTii: C2 gloss, ace. frystw, C2, 40V 8; abl. 

fryst\ C2, 40V 22.f. pp. frstc, C2, 7V25 

3969 f ryt't =» f ryyt't 

3970 frytm =» prytm(h) 

3971 frytr M j y _^ 
fritar 

dearer 

GMS 1207, 1297 

3972 fryty =» >Pryty 

3973 fry(y)- M ~^<Ji^ 
fri (fry-) ©<friya ©ace. -vt>; nom. f. -y*; voc. 

-y>(hh pi. -t =*pry-, pryh 
dear 
W-Lii: Gropp. p38 ; BBB b56, 65, 80, 97 f3 ; GMS 

311, 494 ; STi 45.8; Sund. AoFi 9V2, STii 6.18; 

C2 gloss.; fryy, Hen. Talcs. 760-61 

3974 fryy'nw'z M JUjO^^ 
friy-anwaz 

company of friends 
Hen. Cosm. 307.49 

3975 fryyhnvsn M (^>U oWjU- J t ^)^i^ i jj ^~*f> 
frih-rosn ©<Parth. 

Friend of Light 
W-Lii: Gropp. p38 

3976 fryyrw'n M (£~j>oljj)y>y 
fri-r(u)wan (fryrv/n) ©<Parth. fryhrw } n 
belicvcrisoul-lover ) 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 143; GMS 63, 1237; BBB; 
Hen. Tales. 469, 44, 470 n3 

3977 f ryyt't M, C ^^ ^ * 
fri/ytat (fryt*t) ©ob. -y =»pryt } t(t) 
love 
GMS 1074; STii 1.1; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 25V 65 

C2 gloss.; BBB 626, 632 ; Hen. Tales. 473.13 

3978 f ryz- C jj^Tc^jj < jj^owl 
frez ©<*fra-razaya =»frst-, fr>yz-, frsty 
straighten0na£e straight) 
GMS 188, 319; STi 31.14; C2 gloss. 

3979 frz B J**! 
fraz ? ^prz 1 

until 

BSTBL, Dhy. 63; TSP n pl71 

3980 f s'c- M, C jJ^- , 



fs'k 



158 



f(a)sac OPs'c-) ©<*fra-saca(ya) ©impf. /Vc 

=*fsyt-, 'Ps^c- 
GcOteach 
BBB p68 n 2; STii 3.19; GMS 316, AVS 118 

3981 fs>k M j^U^j^T 
f(a)sak (fs>q) ^>Ps>k 

teaching 

GMS 1635; Hen. BSOAS 11, 69.28; BSTii 892.2, 
14, 15; C2, 31R2, 14, 15 

3982 fs>q C =» fs>k 

3983 fs'x M ^JtS^J 
f(a)sax (fsx) ®<fns*x <*frasaxw~ ^'Ps'ny, 

fns'x, fswx 
parasang $ 

GMS 316, 236 

3984 fsyt- M ^^7 
f(a)sayd ©<*frh-saxta ©pt. st. =*fs>c- 
(/o)teach, (/o)lcarn 

GMS 852 

3985 fsyty M ^j*»<<&-3>~ 
f(a)saydc ©pp.; pi. -t ^'Ps'ytk 

learned 

GMS 852; BBB 544 ; Sund. Man. Lett. 310.16 

3986 fsn'y- M j^Li<j=^. 
f(a)snay ©<*fra-sndya; MP asnay\ Khot, 

haysnata =*sn } y- 
OcObathe, 0o)swim 
GMS 316; AVS 91 

3987 fsn'ynyh M y, -. 
f(a)snenya ? 

bathing 

Hen. Sogdica. 31.8 

3988 fsp> M (^j)<,y<j,j<<jJL.j : j 
f(a)spa ©<*fraspa-, Av. fraspat; MP prysp 
rafter, rug, wall 

GMS 316; Hen. Cosm. 314.75 

3989 fstry C jl>«>. 
f(a)stare ©<*fra-staraka 

tablecloth, napkin 

BSTi 123; Benv. JA 1943-5 plOl; Gersh. JRAS 
1946, 181 

3990 fstxwmp- C o^v^'O-J^ 
f(a)stxump/-b ©Yaghn. cumf; Khwar. xwmb- 

=*pstywnp- 
GcOpush, GcOrepel, Oa)ward off 
Benv. JA 1955, 235; C2, 31R 12, 23V6 ; S W, 

BSOAS 1983, 49; Schwartz. ZDMG 1970, 235 



3991 fswyt- C frf^'dsfjij 
f(a)suyd ©*fswc ©pt. st. =*fswyty 
Oo)sacrifice 

GMS 316 A; AVS 120 

3992 fswyty C (•Jti)^ J 5 
f(a/o)suyde ©pp. 

sacrified, sacrifice 
STi 80.5-, C2, 68R 5 

3993 fswx M ^J 
f(a)sux (fsx) ©<*frasaxw ^fns'x, fs>x, 'Ps'ny 
parasang 

GMS 236, 527; Hen. Cosm. 312.92; STi 5.10 

3994 fsx C => fs'x, fswx 

3995 fs'm- M, C tef^S ij^J 
f(a)sam ©<*fra-sama; <*fra-jama\ fgam 

©impf. fWm =*fsmt-, 'P^m-, P's^m-, Ps'm- 
Go)scnd, (fo)dismiss 
Sogdica. p24 ; C2, 23V6, 60V21, 105V1 ; GMS 317; 

S W, BSOAS 1983, 50 ; STi 6.7, 78.8; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p214 ; STii 6.18 ; fsmd>r~, trans. 

prct. STi 19.18; BSTi 252 ; GMS 583; C2, 52V 

16; AVS 101 

3996 fskr- M CvJ'as^'frJ'Jj* 
f(a)skar (fsqr-) ©impf. f y sqr =» } Pskr- 
OeOexpcl, 0o)get after 

GMS 178, 317 ; BBB 604; C2 gloss.; fsqrd'n STi 
70, 12, 13; Sund. AoFiii 69.12; AVS 103 

3997 fsqr- C =*> fskr- 

3998 fsqwx C (^-yCi/)-jU «ij ju- 
f(a)skflx ? 

stumbling block 

C2, 104R 12 n pl78-9 

3999 f sqwxt- M o>s.jJ> J^ ^ <u^i» 
f(a)skuyd ©pt. st. 

(ro)push in 

GMS 56, 317; trans, pret. fsqwxt&r, BBB 604 

4000 f smt- M, C &\^j 
f(a)samt ©pt. st. 

G<?)send 

BBB; GMS 178, 512; STii 170; STi perf. st. 
fsmtwS y r~, fsmd } r- 

4001 fsmty C <*\^J 
f(a)samte ©pp.; pi. -t 

sent, messenger 

C2 gloss.; BSTii 840.20, 880.11 

4002 fsmy-sw C (£/>r) aJ1 >> 



m*m 



mmm 



mm 



159 



lampblack, soot 

S W, C2, 69R 27; BSOAS 1983, 50 

4003 fsn- ? C oJtJj 
f(a)san ®<fra-san ? 

(ro)tremblc 

C2, 69R21, 51V 30 n p5L9 

4004 fsn's- M ^Li 
f(a)snas ©<*fra-xsnasa ©impf. f y sn y s 

(ro)recognizc 

Sogdica. 31, 33; GMS 617; S W, BSOAS 1983, 50 

4005 fst- 1 M jju^ 
fost (prst- ? ) ©<*frasta; Sprs-; ffras-\ <OP 

ufrasta- ©pt. St. => 'ps- 1 
(ro)ask 
BBB ; GMS 317; pcrf. fstw6>r, GMS 536 

4006 fst» 2 C oaj^v^ « j^ 1 ^ 1 ^^ 
fast ©<*fastaya ? 

(/o)thrust away 

C2, 51V 10 n p98 ; S W, BSOAS 1983, 49 

4007 f sy'ws M, C UyX « v y Si 
f(a)syaus ©Av. fsuyas ^ps'yws 
gentleman 

GMS 311, 314; Hen. Tales. 466.18; Sund. AoFi 
1974 p233, 14.15 



4008 f t'r M, C ^ 

f(a)tar ©<*fra-tara ^'ft'r, frtr 
too much, in excess 
GMS 318; BBB 528; STi 34.5 ; C2, 94V 29, 30 



j' u~?> «« J 



ts'J J*' 'l?- 1 ^ J 



OiJ'^jAtl co^J'^i 



4009 ft'rmy C 
f(a)tarme ©pi. -t 
superfluous 
C2, 51R 29, 51V 2 n p97 

4010 f8m- C 
f(a)tam, foOam (ftm-) ©<fra-dma ©trans. 

pret. ftmWr ^fGnrty 
(ro)blow, 0<?)swell 
GMS 318; STi 78.9-, BSTi 149 

4011 ftm- => fBm- 

4012 ftm (j) C . * , * tc ^ 

lF~% *U^i ii ~^-^ t 

f(a)tam ©<*fra-tama ©abl. -> =*>ftm- 

first, former, previous 

STi 29.12; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 21R4; C2, 57R 31 

4013 fGm'ty C 
f(a)8mate 
swollen, insufflated 



J_P (-*U I feJ^p jL <f j aX* 



ftyr- 

C2, 40R 21 n p85 ; Benv. JA 1955, 324; STSC 59 

4014 ftmcyk M j^^> tc~J*i 
f(a)tamcik (ftmcyq) ^ftmcyk 

first 

GMS 1014, 1296; STii 5.8 ; BSTii: C2 gloss. 

4015 ftmcyq C => ftmcyk 

4016 ftpyz- C CpjjTjUij 
f(a)tpez ? ©<*fra-&wa(n)zjaya- 
(/cOcompel 

C2,94V16npl77 

4017 ftr- M, C d^cS^i^jf 
f(a)tar ©<*fra-trya =»ftyr-\ 'Ptyr-, *pt J r- 
(to)pass(on) 

GMS 178, 185, 318; Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.23; 
STSC 145 

4018 ftrt- M j^jf 
fatart ©pt. st. 

(/cOpass(c>/i) 
GMS 318 

4019 ftrtr C j*~ j j^ji^, 
f(a)tartar =^ft } r 

more 
STii 1.82 

4020 ftrwnyy M *j-" i Jjj* 'is 1 *. 
f(a)tarune =*frtrwny 

advantage, increase 

GMS 473; fwtrwny, GMS 473 n 1 

4021 ftryh M <=ijf 
f(a)tarya ?, fatare ? 

past 
Sogdica. 26.22 

4022 ftyp- C 
f(a)tep ©<*fra-tdpaya; fra-daip ? 

'pa^p^ 

OcOshine 

STii 3.72; GMS 318; Schwartz. STSC 57; S W, C2 
n pl06 ; Sund. AoF 1974, 235, perf. st. ftypcPr- 

4023 ftyr-' C j=ilif jlf io^^^ai ij^hcS j^ iqx\jJ£ 
f(a)ter ©<*fra-taraya ©trans. v. ; impf. ftyr 
0c)cause, (rcOpass over, (r<?)take over, 

0o)remove, (to)sct aside 
C2, 57R 16, 69R 16, 51V 29, 24R 22 



4024 ftyr- 2 M, C 



jzijfj* ij^jf 



f(a)tir, fotr/er ©<*fra~trya ©intrans. v. 

=*ftr-, 'Ptyr- 
(to)pass over, (ro)pass away, (/o)depart 
Sund. AoFviii 1981 pl91, 25V2; C2 gloss.; GMS 



^mmmtSSmmMamk 



ftyr'mnty 



160 



i 



185.318; impf./>/yr,C2,68R16 

4025 ftyr'mnty C o^jf <cJufj> 
f(a)teramande ©ace. -tw\ abl. -/> 

death, passing 

BSTii 889.29 t 890.43 t 908.23: C2, 60R 29, 60V 11, 
40R 23, 39V 3 

4026 ftyrcyq C ^jf^djjf 
fatercik ^n'ftyrcyq 

passing away 
C2, 57V 7 

4027 ftyrny C j&tj'J* 
f(a)terne ? ©pres. part. 

passenger 

STii 5.29; Benv. JA 1955, 22 

4028 f9ys C J±~><jU> 
f(a)9es ©</rs- daisa -*»08»ys f f8»ys 

vision 

BSTii 888.5; Benv. JA 1955, 307; C2, 64R 22 
pl31 



4029 fBys-wynny C 



faOes-wennc 
seer of vision 
C2, 60R 5n pl3l 

4030 fwxV C (c^lti^^u-^ 
fuxar ©pi. -/ 

fortunate, blessed 

GMS 477; STii 4.23; STi 40.3; C2 gloss. 

4031 -fy B, M, C y t \j 
fe (-fyh, -fyy) ©<Av, Qwa ©2sg. pres. pron. 

^Py 1 
you 
GMS 297, 1356; BBB ; BSTBL; S W, C2 p27, 31 

4032 fy>tr M, C ^><J^ 
f(a)yatar <£)<*fraydh ^py^tr, fry>tr, Py*tr 
more 

GMS 321, 1291; BBB ; STi 36.7; C2 gloss, n 
P83.113 

4033 -fyh =* -fy 

4034 fyq C Oct* «te 
fek ©pi. -r ^Pyk' 

shoulder 

BSTii 904.27, 29 ; C2, 57R 27, 29 

4035 fyr- B, C jjujl ,(c*-o) jj^j'-P c^j^f 
fer? =*Pyr- 

0o)extend, (f<?)stretch(/ztfn<0 



BSTBL, Dhy. 299; BSTii 916.3; C2, 39R3 

4036 fyrty C *>jL? 
. f y/irte ?, ferte ? 

stretchted, extended 

STSC 102, 111; C2, 57V 8 ; BSTii 907.8 

4037 -fyy M ** -fy 



Y/g/r 

4038 y- 1 B,S &y 
x- ©<ah- % *h- ©aux. v. =»x-\ x>t, x'y, xcy, 

xnd, xy\ 'sty 1 , 'ym*, >ys, *y\ >t\ y>t, ( ycy, ^m^, . 

*ns8*. *nt\ >ynt, Y'n 1 , Y*t, Y'y. Y'ynt, ycy, ynt 1 
Go)be 
GMS 770-4 

4039 y- 2 B,S ol^t 
x ©pron. art. st. =*x- 2 , y w \ xw, y\ x\ Yy5, xy5 
that, the 

GMS 1405 

4040 Y M r- B ' o>f±y<frfysP& 
Yar ©<*#ar-; Yaghn. Yon Khwar. Y y r 
(/cOwatch, (;^)guard 

SCE 538; TSP 11.17 

4041 Y * S ' jT.jf 
xa ©f. pron. art. =$y-\ x\ ZKh, y^ 

she, the 

W-Li 94: Gropp. p39 

4042 -g» =* -q> 

4043 Y'cy =^ ycy 

4044 Y J 8wq M -> Y^wk (>) 

4045 Y J dwq C => Y^wk (>) 

4046 Y^wk^ B, M (jy> ^^ ^if «c*»- 
Ya9uk (Y^wq, ^dwq) ©<*gd&uka ©ob. -yfyj 

=»Y w> ^k 
throne 
GMS 292, 978, 1219; VJ, TSP 7.11, 12, 20; BBB; 

KG 2373; STi 22.19, rSwk\ VJ ; GMS 976 n 1, 

pi. Y*5wku TSP 7.11; Hen. Cosm. 307, 38 ; ob. 

pi. rSwktk, VJ 1482 

4047 Y Vn S &*. 
xaYan 

title of the turkish king 

Benv. Titres et Noms Propres. p33; MDii, -w 



4048 yYyk B 

xaxik ©pi. -f } =*y y yh 
(<?/)source 



<< 



* 



161 



y'w- 



GMS 994; VJ 1445 

4049 Y^h B, S (jtw).U- ***i»- 
xax ©<*xdha; Khot. khdha =»x>x, yYyk 
source 

GMS 395; VJ 961, 1207; TSP 3.127; Frag. Len. 
65,9 

4050 y'ysrc S ^Sijj ^oO^j)^^ JaI^^U- 

xaxsarc ©f. adj. -^xsry 
(//wOKhakhsar 

MDii pi 18.1 

4051 yW B <^^ 
xam ©Khwar. x y m; KhoUhama ^y'm'k 

raw 

TSP 2.416, 419, 19.2; Hen. Texts. 720, 
"indigestible" 

4052 yW B jj*'j»jj 
yam 

thief, burglar 
TSP 7.137 n p213 

4053 y'm 3 C sz^yt^t^jJ3ijjj 
yam (y'mh) 

violence 

VJ 1324, "might"; C2, 60V 19 n p61, (pr)rm 



<r° 



3S 



4054 y'm'k B (^U~)< 
xame 
raw 
rWkw, SCE 240; Frag. Len. 47.8 

4055 y>mh B =* y>m 3 

4056 y'mqyn C, M =» y'mkyn 

4057 y>mkyn B, S ^&ly 
yamken (y'mqyn) ©ob. -y ; pi. -r 

rich 

TSP 16.44, Frag. 2a.9 ; BSTBL, Intox. 9; Hen. 

Tales. 486.4; GMS 1060; C2 gloss. Y } my, 

"belonging" ?, TSP 11.6 n p223 

4058 y^qynywny C ^Jj» 
yamken-yone 

rule 

Sund. AoFviii 1981 pl802, 21 V2 

4059 r>MRH S (j*M>*. 
©Idg. =»m6w, m8>k 
wine 
MDii, MDiii ? 

4060 y> my b =* y>mkyn 

4061 y» n ' B 



xan ©lsg. subj. =»y-\ x- 1 
GMS 774; AVS 225 

4062 y'n 2 B (j^ j> ^<Li^0)jU 
x/han 

Han(dynasty) 

TSP 8.168; Hen. Texts. 736; JRAS 1944, 139 n3 

4063 yVkCh) B, S (j>> >^* >>)<;U- 
xanak, xana ©<*jt<2fla£a ©f. n^ loc. -yh 

=4X } n>\ x'n'kh 
house 
TSP-, VJ., SCE; BSTBL, Hen. Tales. 467.10, 486.5; 

MDii p200 ; Frag. Len. 5.7; loc. YWy(h) TSP 

12.45, 49, 51, 3.94, 22.8; STSC 131.9; YWkyh, 

TSP 3.21 etc. 7.96, 12.40 

4064 yV'y B J-^'J-lA 
yare (y*ry) ©<*garaka ©pi. -f; ob. pi. -ty . 
watcher, guardian 

TSP 11.26; Sogdica. 60.7; BSTii 890.35, Benv. JA 
1955, 313; C2, 60V3, 57R 32 

4065 y'rn C J^ 
yran, yaran ? ^yr } n 

heavy 

C2, 69R 22 pi. Y>rnt n pi 49 

4066 yVy C => y'r'y 

4067 y'st S *-*^(^>) 
xast (x'st) ©pL? 

(a kind c>/)clothing 

MDii pl81, 14, 150, 8; MDiii p51, Ynst 

4068 y>t 

xat ©3sg. subj. =^y-\ x J t 
GMS 773; VJ 1448 

4069 y'ttwnh =» y'twnh 

4070 y'twnh B, S .jIjaU. j j <oyu~ 
xatun (y'ttwnh) =^x } twn 

prince's wife 

TSP 6.165; Hen. Texts. 733; Benv. Titres et Noms 
Propres. 31; Frag. Len. 44.7 

4071 y>w B, M, S (j^ jl^ ^)jf 
yaw ©ob. ~y ; pi. -t(h) =^yw 2 

cow, ox 

VJ; SCE 161, 164, 292; TSP 2.772, 3.138, 186, 
9.43; BBB; Y'wh, MDii A 5, 24 

4072 yV- 1 B o> }**->-* <o>j 
xaw (DYaghn. Yow, xoy ? ©3sg. pers. Y*wt 

=^x } w-, yw'w- 
0o)beat 
BSTBL, Dhu. 34; GMS 233 




\ , 



y'w- 



162 



M; ! 



i i- 

\l 

II: 



I 



4073 y'w-' B -» yw- 

4074 yWysypt-y S 3 € ^ 
yaw-oxsipdi 

cow's milk 

Hen. Tales. 486.22 

4075 Y'wcrm S jf (JT 
yaw- carm 

cow's skin 
MDii A10-3 

4076 y } w rwyn B, M jf " j 3J 
yaw-royn =»rwyn 

cow's fat 

TSP 145; BSTBL, phy. 279, Padm. 40, 54, Dhu. 
21; -y, Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 147 

4077 y>w sr>k S j^jf 
yaw-sare 

cow's head 
MDiii p47.l9 

4078 y'wsrS M , 'jfju 
yaw-sar5 

year of cow, cow's year 
Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 143a 

4079 y>wzn B jj/ 
yawazn ©Khwar. Ywzn-> Khot. gguysna-, Oss. 

qwazn ©inst. -'-, gen. pi. - } n ==*ywzn 
deer 
SCE 151, 354; BSTBL, Dhy. 36; GMS 375, 1230; 

Bailey. Prolexis. 74 

4080 y'y B 

xay ©3sg. impf. =*y-\ x'y 
GMS 771; VJ 16 J 

4081 Y'y 'nkwyn B (Jt& ^<JUU j/)^ j>!^l ( r b) 
{name of a)Chinese emperor 

BSTBL, Intox. 34 n p8 ; k'ai-yiian 

4082 Y*ynt B 

xayand ©3pl. impf. ^y'y, y-\ 'st'ynt 

4083 y'yr- B ^ <& 
xer ([ 3sg. subj. -V ^yr- 1 , yrt-, yyr-, xyr- 
Uo)go> UcOpass 

BSTBL, Dhy. 238, 243 

4084 gbry>yl C jj^ 
gabrayel 

Gabriel 

BSTii 870.44; C2, 60V 12, 15 

4085 Y ps- B,S c&*^<o^/&Jj& 
yafs ©<*ga(m)bs ©med. pass. st. =»ympn, 



yPt-, yfs-, yps- 
0o)make effort, OcOget tired, (fo)be weary 
BBB f79 pi 05; VJ 58 e ; BSTBL, Dhy. 4 ; Hen. 

Tales. 486.3 

4086 Ypt- B ^j*\j*z~0-jA i toJuZj'i{)j> 
yapd (yft-) ©<*gmb(h)ta ©pt. st. =*yps- 
(to)toil, (;o)walk with pain, OcOstrive 
VJ 784, 849, 1089; BBB pl05 

4087 yptyy M (^"jO 
yapde ©Khot. gauda ©pp. =^yPs-, yfty 
tired(wif/i effort) 

BBB f79; GMS 875A 

4088 ycy B, S 

xaci (y^y) ©3sg. pres. ah- =»xcy, x- 1 , y- 1 , 

'sty 1 , ( ycy 
GMS 372, 770 

4089 yd- C *>>y^> 
ya5 ©Khwar. >rd ©f. n. abl. Ydy\ ace. pi. Ydi\ 

gen. pi. Ydty\ f. nom. Yd y 
wound, wounding, beating 
S W, C2, IV 18, 53V 5, 69R24 n p52.l8 ; Sund. 

MHC Ydy\ p25-6 

4090 y6-' S 
ya5(ak) ©ob. -y, - } ^yS'kh, yd- 
wound 
Sund. MHC 25,26,29, 31 

4091 y$- 2 B, M 
yaS ©<Av. gada-, Past. Yal ©pi YS'yst 
thief 

TSP 6.14; SCE 312; GMS 1186; Mack. BSOAS 
1984, 534, 1985, 121 

4092 y^kh B ? ^j,? j^ 
ya5ak (y5h) 

member ?, wound ? 

Benv. TSP 3, 14, 87, 7.64; SCE 119, 121; Mack. 
BSOAS 1985, 121; S W, C2 p5Z18 

4093 y6>wny B ^> 
ya5une 

theft 

SCE 331, 426; GMS 1087; TSP 3.170n pl97 

4094 Y5>yst B jbjj 
yaSist ©pi. =^y6- 2 

thieves 

TSP 6.14 ; SCE 312 

4095 ySpk M .U JL 
yaSpe ? ©<Av. YaSwa 

bitch 



r~ j 



■>j j 




<4^)^j 



GMS 239, 982 

4096 y5h =» Y^kh 

4097 Y$k>yn B 
Ya5ken (DOss. Yddgin =*Y d - 
wounded 

Mack. BSTBL n pl02, Dhu. 128; TSP 2.1069, 
"hated" ? 

4098 Y^yw B A&^<&& 
xa5-nyu, xadanya fySnyw) ©<*hada-anyam 

one another 

TSP; SCE; BSTBL, Vim. 144, Dhu. 250; Hen. AM 

1965, 147; S W, BSOAS 1975, 136; GMS 1366 n 

1, rdny\ TSP 9.139 

4099 Ydny C jjl «jls* oli*l 
Y/xa6nc ? ©pi. -ty 

conviction 

STSC 149 ; Sund. OLZ 1971 

4100 Y$nyw -* Y^n'yw 

4101 Y«wk S (<Sjj£ : J^-O^ *j^h^ 
xaSuk =»x5wk 

anger, worry 

Hen, L W 94 ; BBB p92 bl7 

4102 Y6y> M -» yrS'k 

4103 yfs- C OJ^c-iLj to^gij « jjLi-u-s- 
Yafs =^Yfty, yPs-, yps- 

(to)cxcn oneself, OcOlabour 
C2 gloss. 

4104 Y ft- =* YPt- 

4105 Tfty C jj*j<(SXJ)<^ 
YaPde ©pp. =»YP*yy 

tired(w/7/z effort), having laboured 
BSTii 894.20; C2, 54R20 

4106 Yh B,S W'J'jJ 
xa ©pron. f. sg. & pi. art. =»x\ ZKh, y } 

the, she, they 

TSP 7.93, ll.ll; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138, 19, 21, 36 

4107 Ym b- M o,^^/ 
Yam/nb/p, Y anp (ymp-, ynp-) ©<*gamb 
Go)strive, (ro)toil 

GMS 113, 1026; Benv. JA 1959, 126; C2, 51R1 n 
p96; AVS 109, 107, 74 

4108 Ymbn M, C J^_ 
Y^mban ©pi. -d =*Ympnbry, Ympn, Y^p'wnh 

Ynpn(h) 
exertion, effort, labour 



cj*ys cgjj 



GMS 113, 1026; Hen. Cosm. 307.54; BBB f79 ; 
Sogdica. 16.15a; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 142.1, 
Pri-Ymbnd, "enduring the strain" 

4109 Ymbnpryy M =» Y^pnbry 

4110 Ymp- C => Ymb- 

4111 Ympn C ,J^-j>- tjtt igj 
Yamban ©ob. -y- y pi. -u ob. pi. -fy ^Y^bn, 

Ynp'wnh, Ynpn(h) 
exertion, effort, labour 
STii 6.31; BSTii; C2 gloss. 

4112 Ympnbry C ^^aiJ^c^^}^/ 
Yamban-{3are (Ymbnfkyy) ©pi. -r 

striving, ascetic, toil,weary 

Benv. JA 1955, 309 ; C2, 60R14; Hen. Cosm. 307 



u^f < 



-j^oj'^j 



-«?ii 



4113 Ympnqyn C 
Yamban-ken 
strenuous, laborious 

C2, 31V 5; BBB pl05 f79 ; GMS 1060; BSTii 
893.5 

4114 Ympwn S, C =» Y n P >wnn 

4115 Ymy B, M, C y^^=^ t*j±jj&j ijc** 
Yamc ? 

humble, humbled, despicable 

Hen. Talcs. 480.1, 48 In 1; BSTBL, Intox. 10; GMS 

1060n 1; STii 3.14 ; ace. f. Ymy\ C2, 94R27 n 

pi 67; BSTii 826.27 

4116 Ymy^ C 
Yamyak 
disgrace 
STii 6.7; S W, C2 pl67, 27-8 

4117 Ymy^y C 
Yamyawe 

humbling, disgrace 
C2, AR26 

4118 Yn- =* Yn c,) 

4119 Y n M pn S 
YnaPan 
lamentation 
Sund. MHC 26.9 

4120 Yn ()) B, M, S 
Yan (Yny(y), Y"~) ©nom. Yny\ ace. Ynw, abl. -> 
craft, skill, power 

GMS 1060A; STii ; Benv. Notesi 31; Ynw f VJ 906; 
Yny, TSP 3.5 etc., 9.80, 12.29, 16.23; Ynyy, Hen. 
Tales. 467, 63; Yn\ BSTBL, Vim. 97, 123, 124; 
Yn>y t CII, 1990 G2 



4/0 



ff \*~ l JsJ '°j^ <j 



Yn>P- 



4121 yn'p- B, S (*jLfi:Jj*j)jjJkto>J , Ab 
yna(3 

GcOlament 

GMS 1310; VJ 358, 1111; Sund. MHC 26.10; 
trans, pret. Yn y fid y r y Mack. AI 25, 422, 19 

4122 yn'p'nt B oVl; 
yna[3and 

lamenting 

GMS 1033; VJ 1412 

4123 yn'p't- B joJU 
ynaPat ©pt. inf. 

(/^lament 
VJ 1120 

4124 yn'pSV- S f fr/«J 
ynaf3dar- ©trans. pret. ; lsg. impf. Yn'flw 

0o)larncnt 

Mack. AI 25,422, 19.28 

4125 ync(h) B J*fj* 
vane ©<Av. gainti ©f. adj. 

bad smelling 
TSP 2,636, 712, 793 

4126 ynd'k M (tjJ' <jjf)^jcxX^x 
yandak ©Parth. gnd'g «*ynt>k (,) , ynt»k C)> 

bad, evil 

GMS 989; BBB 513 bl9 c3, 14 flO, 16 

4127 ynd'qry C =* ynd } kry(y) 

4128 ynd'kry(y) M J^nj&ti 
yandakkare (ynd'qry) 

evildoer, sinner 

BBB 556; STii 3.17 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 137 

4129 ynd'ky qryny(y) M X-^i^ 
yandake-karene 

evildoer, sinner 
GMS 1123 

4130 ynS'nyw B && 
xa5-anyu =^y5n } yw 

one another 

TSP 2.148, 634, 295 

4131 ynyr(h) B, S j^± 
xanyar ©ob. -yh% abi. -> ^xyr 

dagger 

MDiii p76.6 ; TSP 2277 n p!72; Frag. Len. 37.6, 
61.16, 17 

4132 ynkyn B jj^'j-fc 
yanken (ynqyn) ©pi. -t 

brave, victorious 



SCE 308; STii 1.17, 2.13; C2, 48R21, 66V 12, 68V 
11; BSTii 843.42, 877.8 

4133 ynqyn C =* ynkyn 

4134 ynp- B <=» ymb- 

4135 ynp'wnh B J& <j£s~±tgj 
yanpa/un (ympwn, ynpwn) =4ympn, ymbn, 

ynpn(h) 
trouble, pain 
BSTBL, Vim. 43, 72; TSP 2.I149-, Frag. Len,, 

GMS 113; S W,C2p61 

4136 ynpn(h) B, S j& tj±j>. 
yamban, yanpan =»ymbn, ympn, ynp'wnh 
effort, pain 

TSP 9.130 n p222 ; Hen. Talcs. 486.3 ; KG 384, 
484; MSP bl05 

4137 ynpwn =» ynp'wnh 

4138 yns 1 B JLuai^ 
yans ©nom. -y -»ynt\ ysn 

stinking 

SCE 287; GMS 435, 496 

4139 yns : B, S Jy^*^ 
xans ~»xns, xs 

stable, strong 

TSP 2.476, 13.15; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.10; Frag. 
Len. 37.15,81.10; MDii, Ynsw 

4140 ynsy'kh S ^/^J<fl£*i-I 
xansyak ©f. ^xnsy* 

stability 
MDii pi 52.4 

4141 yns M ( jx,-?,C j<Uj)jU^j 
xans 

pulling instrument 

Sogdica. 39.37 p43 ; Hen. Texts. 733 

4142 yns- B jxj^ 
xans =4xns-, yrs- 

(ro)pull 

VJ 769, YnPyx BBB 490; GMS 343; AVS 129 

4143 yns'kh B ^^c^j^j 
xansak =»yns- 

exertion 

SCE 44; Hen. Texts. 733 

4144 ynsn B ? •xjfjfr- <? &/ 
xansan 

with effort ?, with toil ? 
TSP 2.1043-44 

4145 ynsy'kh B 4*&> 



xansyak ^yrsy'k 

torture 

TSP 6.151; Hen. Texts. 733 

4146 ynt' B 

xand ©3pL pers. =»x-\ y-\ xnt, >nt\ xnd 
GMS 764; AVS 224 

4147 ynt 1 C 
=»yns l 



-^iiSJi 



yand/t 
stench 
C2, AV29 

4148 ynt- B ^xi- 
xand 

Go)laugh v 

VJ 1355 

4149 Y nt»k w B jl^ «jlX «jb <cAS 
yandak -»ynt ) k f)) , ynd'k 

bad 

SCE 149, etc.; GMS 976 n I ; - Wl SCE 264; -\ 
SCE 117; BSTBL, Dhy. 141, 268, 397 ; Intox. 1, 3 



4150 ynt M k nVn'k B 
yandak-mane 
evil-minded 
SCE 200 

4151 ynt»k nyzp'n'k B 
yandak-nizpanc 
having evil passion 
SCE 117 

4152 ynt H k zp>k B 
yandak-zPak 
evil-tongucd 
SCE 466 

4153 ynt'q C => ynt'k^ 

4154 ynt'k^ B, S 



OLfj 






•yfe^Jj <uIj jJO 



(Of* ^Z~t J**)*' 



yandak (ynt'q, ynt'kk) ©ob. -y; pi. -/; ob. pi. 

-ty =>ynd } k, ynt'k ' 
bad, evil 
TSP; BSTBL; SCE; STii; STi; Sund. AoFviii 1981 

p215 ; Frag. Len.; C2 ; Ynt } k\ Frag. 5.4; Ynfkk, 

VJ ; BSTBL; SCE; TSP; Ynt>kw, Vim. 18; Hen. 

JRAS 1944, 138.21; Anc. Lett. 3.4; MDii; MSP 

bl 12; Frag. Len. 

4155 ynt'kk ** ynt>k c,) 

4156 ynt>kkrt>k S jOa £*Lf 
yandak-krte/ak 

evildoer 
Frag. Len. 82a5 



4157 ynt'q qry C juli <jl$*jb 
yandak-kare ©voc. -qr\ voc. pi. -qryty 
evildoer " 

STi 27.7, 11.6, 48.9; -qryty, BSTii 843.28; C2, 68R 
28, 54R 26 

4158 ynrttnWk B flu, 
yandak-name 

ill-famed 
BSTBL, Intox. 9 

4159 ynt'qrc C j£*?(oj) 
yandakarc ©f. adj. 

evildoer 

C2, 12R12: BSTii 849.12 

4160 ynt'krtyh B KsJ^Ji^J^ 
yandak(a)rtya/i 

evil deed 

TSP 5.123, 124; Frag. Len. 40.4 

4161 ynt J qry C j£+j<jfi> 
yandakarc (ynd'qry, -qry) ©pi. -/ 

evildoer 

STii 6.1, 17, 38; BSTi, 260; BSTii: C2 gloss. 



4162 yntm S, C f xf 
yandam ©ob. -y 

wheat 

MDii pl86.14 ; MDiii 34.4; C2, 52R 10; STi 43.12 

4163 yntmyn'k B *J&u±aij\**x±- 
xand-mene 

derisory 

TSP 8.106 n p216 

4164 yntrw B, S (? jjjuf ^LaU.)^! *y>- ^l>a ^ 
yandaru ©Av. gandardva% Skt. ghandharva; 

Sughn. zinderv; 0P=E1. kanturma ©ob. -y 

^knt'rP, wp'p yntrw 
water-spirit, Gandharva 
TSP 3.131; Hen. Tales. 481.32, 482n 3; Gersh. 

Amber. 1969, 199 

4165 yny(y) => yn (,) 

4166 yps- S o^£ 
yafs =^ypt-, yPs-, yfs- 

(to)strive 

Anc. Lett. 1.9; Hen. BSOAS 12, 607 n 2 

4167 yr- 1 B, S j^^L «ja^lj 
xar ©<*har- =>yrt-, xyr-, xr- 2 , y'yr- 
(/o)walk 

TSP 13.21, 3pl. opt. Yr*ynt\ Bailey. Prolexis. 411 

4168 yr- 3 B, M, C (j^ ^j^ jS)*f 



iMH 



Yr- 



yar ©<*gari; Yaghn. Tar ©nom. -y, -w; ace. 

-w; abl. - J ; ob. -yffc>, loc. -y ; p/. -j\ -tA, -»'; 

ob. pi. -ry =^Yr*n ywt'w 
mountain 
GMS 947, 1177; VJ ; TSP; STi 16.6 ; STii 4.39; 

SCE ; BSTBL; BBB ; Hen. Tales. 473.40, 45; 

481.35; MSP bl47; pi. -t\ -th, BSTBL; Cosm. 

307.29; ob. pi. -ty\ GMS 1188; TSP 2.274 n 

pi 72; gen. pi. Yr*n> TSP 6.47 

4169 yr- 3 B, S > 
xar ©<Av. xara ©nom. ob. -y- y ace. -w\ abl. 

- )(>, ; pred. inst. -> 

donkey 

TSP 3.139, 185; SCE 161, 371, 296; MDii B-9R10, 

A-10, 4 ; GMS 1177; Yr'crm, "donkeys skin", 

MDii A10-4 

4170 yr»n B => yr l n 

4171 Yr 8 n ywt'w B U.jf^U- 
yran-xutaw ©gen. pi. =*yr- 2 

god of mountains 
TSP 6.47; GMS 1189 

4172 yr B s B (J> i J-:J^>)*=t^\j<J^r** 
yras ~»yrys- 

angry 

SCE 446 v Benv. Notesiv 515 



O"^*' j*~ i 0*£ *— *$ _>*- 



4173 yrW M -» yrS'k 

4174 yr'm- B, S 
xram ©<Skt. kram 
OcOmove, Uo)go 

VJ 849, 951, 1388, 1430; Hen. Tales. 476, 12, 13, 
18 

4175 yr'm'k B, S (j>> >^ j-OJ* «^j> 
yrame (yr'nVy, yr } myy) ©<Av. grzhma-, Parth. 

gr'mg 

wealth, possession . 

GMS 399; TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 207; SCE ; VJ 496 ; 
Frag. 2a.6 f 21; O 2 17; Frag. Len. ; MSP bl99 ; 
Hen. Tales. 472.30; BBB 680; STi 43.18, 44.4, 
45.10; BSTi 192; abl. Yr>m\ STi 40.7 ; C2 gloss., 
ace. Yr y mw, C2 ; ace. Yr'm'kw, SCE 102, 251, 
349; Tales. 486.10; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138 

4176 yr'm'y B, S, C -» yr'm'k 

4177 yr'mqy* C =* fryyr ) mqy > 

4178 yr'my B, S, C =» yr'm'k 

4179 yr'myy M =* yr'm'k 




4180 y^n B, M,C J^r^J^^J 
yran ©ace. -w; pi. -t =^yr'nh 

heavy, serious 

TSP; SCE 341; Frag. Len. ; BBB 487 b48; MSP 
bl05, 189; STi 52.15; STii 5.32, Yr'n, BSTBL, 
Dhu. 83, 133, 240; SCE 186; TSP 6.71, 127; 
rr } nw, TSP 2.33 

4181 yr , np , k(=yr ) zp , k) B (^^^^/j^)^> 
xar-zi[3e 

gadfly 

SCE 365; "ass-bitter", Gersh. IF 1970, 305 

4182 yr'nd- M jjiijiLi*. 
yrand ©pt. st. ^yr'nt-, yr'ns- 

(ro)be angry 

GMS 829; BBB p78.644 

4183 yr'ndyy M (? .a;> oU^j-l*^ 
yrande 

angry 

GMS 895, 1620; BBB 644 

4184 yr'nh B JL~iJi>J»<jlJ\ 
yran ©f. adj. =^yr } n 

heavy, pregnant 

VJ 2, 400; TSP 13.14 

4185 yr'ns- B 
Yrans ©mcd. pass. =*yr'nd- 
(to)gct angry 
BBB 644; Frag. 2a.l0 

4186 yr'nsn'y B 
yransne ©pres. part, 
annoyed, angry, irritable 
GMS 893; SCE 407 

4187 yr'ns B 
yrans ©<*gran0iya ? Khot. grantha; Bal. 

garanc 
knot, bond, joining 
GMS 302; BSTBL, Vim. 50, Dhu. 45, 234, 289; 

Bailey. Prolexis. 77 

4188 yr'ntr S jj&, 
yrantar 

heavier 

Hen. Tales. 481.35; GMS 1285A 

4189 yr'ty* C JJ~. 
y(a)ratya 

exaltation 

BSTii 888.7; C2, 91V7 n pl64, 7Vy- ; STSC 109 

4190 yr'w- B juuiToji 



oJ£; 



i^jjJ^^i^f- 



IjU i^jL-^aC- < 



((?&)* J * 



yraw ? 

GcOmoan 

TSP 3.246, Frag. 3.36 

4191 yr'ws B tiftf«3±f 
yrus ? 

short, little 

BSTBL, Dhu. 35, 335; Benv. Notesii 217, Yr'ws 
Yr y ws, Dhy. 86, 100, 107, 145; Intox. 19 

4192 yr'y S JU~<jf 
yar(e), yirc ©<*griya\ Yaghn. Yirek\ Khot. 

griha; Gk. g/ia -*yr } yk (> \ Y r yk 
mud, clay 
MDii p57.7; Bailey. BSOAS 15.540; Asica. 6 

4193 Yr } yc(h) B : ju> 
xaric ©<*xriti =*xryc, yr'yt- 

purchasc 
CMS 275, 1002 

4194 yHych 'ync B (-Ji>- Oj^jj 
xaric-cne 

prostitute 
SCE 356, -wA 

4195 yr>yck> B ^ 3J 
xaricik, xaricak ? ~»xrycyq 

prostitute 

BSTBL, Vim. 153; CMS 976; S W, C2 n pl78 

4196 yr'yk^ B J^^ 
yrik, yirck ©Khwar. Yr% Khot. griha; Yaghn. 

Yirek ©ob. -yh; -y\ -y =*yryk, yr*y 
mud, clay, muddy 
SCE 160; TSP 2.275; BSTBL, Vim. 0,28; Yr y yk> 

y Ysyfitk, "mud-milky" Vim. 25 

4197 y r >yn- B, S 0-b> 
xarin (yryn- ? ) ©Skt. krinati =*xryn- 
(to)buy 

VJ 1319; TSP 2.230 & etc.; MDii A-5, 24, B- 
8R6 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 69; AVS 97 

4198 y r >yn , k B >_> 
xarlne ©<*xrinene ©pres. part. =»xryny 
buyer, purchaser 

TSP 2.775; GMS 475, 895 

4199 yr>ynt(n) B ^> 
yarind ? ©Khot. gran-; MP grn'g; BaL gar and 

©pp. ^yryn- 1 
roaring 
TSP 13.21; Benv. JA 1955, 301; S W, IIJ 1976, 60 

4200 y r >yt- B x> 
xarit ©pt. st. ^yr'yn-, xryn-, yr'ycCh) 



GtObuy 

TSP 2.265; trans, pret. Yr y ytS y r-x VJ 1401 

4201 yr'ytk B' x> 
xarltc ©pp. 

bought 
TSP 2.231 
C2, 54 R16 

4202 Y^ywcyk 05 B J'&kJ* 
yriweik 

material, corporal 

TSP 5.123; BSTBL, Dhu. 379, 380, Dhy. 88 ; Frag. 
Len. 7 V3 

4203 yr'ywCh) B, S ( J>> y^> j->)o* 'a*^- <->y- 
yriw ©<Av. griva-, Khwar. Yryw; Parth. gr y yw 

©f. n. ob. -y(h) =*yryw, CWRH 
self, body 
GMS 207-, VJ ; TSP; BSTBL, SCE; Gcrsh. apud. 

Sund. MSP p45 

4204 yrp B, S (jy* ^^ j>)&S<Jl~* 
yarf ©<*Ya(r)fu <*farYu <*faruwu <*faruwam 

<OP paruvam ©adv. -w, -y, -h *=»yrf, yrPy 

much, many 

EGSii 161; GMS 485, 526; S W, BSOAS 1983, 49 

4205 yrp- B, M, S jj) ^^ i&J'Sj* < j-*^ tj^\* 

yarP, yorJ3 ? (yrb-, >yrp-) ©<*grb; <*grab; OP 
garbdya; Av. gdrobya-, Yaghn. Yiriv ^yrP't- 
(ro)know, GcOunderstand, (to)take 
GMS 485; AVS 108; YrSfi } <Yrfl-6 y 2pl. impv. 
TSP 2.676; Hen. Textes. YrSf 

4206 yrb- C => yrp- 

4207 y r p w k B =» yrp>k 

4208 yrp^ky' B =* yrp'ky' 

4209 yrp* B S >> <^>lf 7 <jxh 
yarpa, yor|3a (yrph) ©f. n. =»yrp'k 

understanding, knowledge 
BSTBL, Dhu. 77, 174, Dhy. 361; TSP 2.83, 1112, 
6.41, 63 

4210 YrP J k B, M, S ( jy >ui* j>)jt\ <Ub 
yarPak, yorPak (yrb'q) ©ace. -w, pi. -?-, ob. pi. 

-ty ^mntyrP'k, yrP* 
wise, intelligent 
GMS 989, 1237 ; BSTBL; TSP; BBB; Frag. Len. ; 

STi 40.1, 43.15, 6.8; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p215 ; 

BSTi 202; C2 gloss. xrfi i( % STii 10.53; BSTBL, 

Intox. 8 ; Yrp'kK TSP 2, 714; Yrp y k\ TSP 



yrb'q 

2.1068; Yrfi'kw, Hen. Tales. 480.1; MSP b 130; 
YrjPku YrVqu TSP 8.24; Tales. 467.60; BBB 
f90 ; STii 4.42, 10.5; STi 6.8; C2 gloss. 

4211 yrb'q C =» yrP>k 

4212 yrb'qywny C oSU^UlTT 
yarPak-yone 

wisely 

GMS 1115; STi 43.15 

4213 yrp'kstr B yJiU<>lfT 
yarpakstar (yrb'qstr) ^yrP'k, yrb>qystr 

wiser 

TSP 12.68, 69; STi 43.16; GMS 1288, 1306 

4214 yrb'qstr C =* yrP'kstr 

4215 yrp'kt'nyOi) B ' /j-^tjjh 
yarPak-tani/-tanya 

wisdom 

TSP 2.690, 7.124, 15.10; GMS 1074a 

4216 yrp'ky' B, M, S (jy^ ^^ jj)^\fl<jjh 
yarPakya (yrfrqy*, yrP*ky\ yrp'ky'h) 

-»mndyrp , ky > 

wisdom 

GMS 1136, 1266 ; BBB 636; TSP 2.1098, 14.36, 
10.12, 16.41; BSTBL, Dhy. 360; xrP'ky\ STii 7- 
6 ; Sogdica. 18-, MSP; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 24 
R3, 4 pl89-, C2 gloss.-, ob. -<y, W-Lii: Gropp. 
p38 ; Yrp y kty. Frag. Len, 67.3, Yrp'ky'y, BBB 
627, 637; YrP*ky\ BSTBL, Intox. 9 

4217 yrb'qy' C -* yrP>ky> 

4218 yrp'ky'h =» yr^ky* 

4219 yrp'ky^h S ^fT 
yarPakyak 

wisdom 
KG 602,611 

4220 yrb'qystr C >lf7<>b 
yarpikistar ^yrP'kstr 

wiser 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 24R5-6 pl89 

4221 yrb't C =» yrP>t- 

4222 yrp't- B, M, S (j^^^ jj)^/^ «j=-jI* 
yarPat (yrb't) ©pt. st. & pp. 

GcOknow 

TSP 2.362, 6.67, 16.38; MDii; BSTBL, Intox. 17; 

C2 ; GMS 830; xrpX STii 7.7, 12, 13; trans. 

pret. YrfiH&r-, TSP 9.119; Yrb } d y r- y STi; C2 

gloss. 

4223 yrp'ty B =* yrPty(y) 




4224 yrpV S =* yrPy 

4225 yrpV B «wf 7 ij>€ 7 <o^j 
yarPaw, yarP(a)u ©n. adv. prcs. inf. 
knowledge, conscience, conscicnt 

VJ 381, 391, 393; TSP 5.108, Yrfi'wk Yrp>y; C2 
gloss. prYrft'w 

4226 yrp'y B ^L^lfT.Ub 
yarpe ©in compd. =»yrbyq 

knowing 

nw Yrp>y y VJ 393; 'xs-Yrby "knowing conflicts" 
C2, 31R 21 

4227 yrp'y ywV'k/'y B j^ >t 

yarfi-xware -^yw'^y 
eating much 
SCE 290 

4228 yrp'y ywVy =* yw'r'y 

4229 yrp'yn'k B jT ^ J,li ,Ub 
yarPene (yrpyyny(y)) ©pi. -r 

wise, understandable 

TSP 2.1184, 11.10; BSTBL, Dhu. 209; GMS 890, 
1157; CH, 1990 E4 

4230 yrpcy B ^p J,G <( ^jb 
yarPci 

knowablc(w/taf one must know) 
BSTBL, Vim. 36, 178, GMS 1009 

4231 yrbd'r- C ^b 
yarP5ar (yrPt'r-) ©trans, pret. st. =4yrP-, 

yrp>t- 
0^)know 
STi 42.4 & etc. 

4232 yrph -» yrP> 

4233 yrpk B Sj* t( jjf 7 <jth 
yarPak ? 

knowledge, wisdom 
TSP 2.335 -h 

4234 yrptV- =» yrbd>r- 

4235 yrpty(y) M 4=^Li«4=_Ji 
yarPd/te (yrP'ty) ©pp. =»n } yrPty 

known 
GMS 1158 

4236 yrpw S =* yrPy 

4237 yrpy B, S j^ 
yarfi/-u (yrPw, yrP'w 1 ) ©ob. ace. Yrfi ? 

^yrP, yrf 
many, much 
GMS 53; Hen. Tales. 478, 486 ; KG; CII 1990, p83 



169 



yrmy'nCy) 



4238 yrbyq C 
yarPek =»yrP>y 
wise 

STi 48.19; GMS 897 

4239 yrpyny S -* yrp'yn'k 

4240 yrpy smVk B 
yarfi-smarak 

thinking much 
SCE 294 

4241 yrpyyny(y) M =* yrP^n'k 

4242 yrpzng'n M 
yarf-zangan (yrPznk'n) 
many kinds : 
BBB b51 ; KG433 

4243 yrpznk'n S =* yrPzng'n 

4244 Yrcyk B 
yarcik ©pi. _/. b. pi. -tyh 
(<3/)mountain, mountaineer 

EGS 96; GMS 1014; VJ 1206, 1444 

4245 yrS' M -> Yr5>k(h) 

4246 Yr5 } k B 

y(a)rSak (y5y\ yr'80 ©<Av. gdrdSa 

greed 

TSP 2.1207 n pi 84; Hen. Texts. 735 

4247 Yr5»k(h) B, S, M 



Ub 



{J±xlJ^)x*±>x\ ojfi 



[j^U^ 



'\. ~ ..^J$ <i_yA^J 



£*!»< 



*$ iO*J 



yarSak ©Khwar. YrSuk; <gard ©abl. YrS\ pi 

YrSyt 
neck 
TSP 2.226, 549, 1211 etc.; SCE 98, 125; GMS 

1264, 1685; Hen. Tales. 735; ob. -y, Frag. Len. 

40.2, 37.9; STSC 132.16 

4248 Y r5p> B => yr5y>, yrP- 

4249 Yr5mn(h) B, M oU jf cdTW ^jxS, * 

yarSman ( > yr5mnwh) ©Av. garo- Smana ©in 

compd. 
highest heaven 

4250 yr8mrywndy M S 
yarS-marywnde 
Adam's apple 

Sogdica. 56.29 p58 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds, 138 

4251 yr8y> B ^ j, 
yarSe ? ©Skt. hrdaya- ^yrP- 

heart 

TSP 2.676; Yrdp\ Hen. Texts. 722 



jj=r <{* ' 



tjfjrfj 



4252 yrSyt S => yr5 , k(h) 

4253 yrf M, C (o>^ >^~. j^JoL-i 
yarf ©<*paruv- ©ob. ^r/y; pi. TV//; ob. pi. 

rr//y =»yrp, YrPy 
much, many, great 
GMS 53, 526; S W, BSOAS 1983, 49 

4254 yrftyct M, C U>>- J^ 
yarft-est (yrftyst) 

many things 

STi 37.4; GMS 1246, 1575; Sund. AoFiii p62.2, 
Yrft'yct 

4255 yrftyst C =» yrftyct 

4256 yrfznq'n C oJb^^j^fu^f 
yarf-zangan ©pi. -t ^yrpzng'n 

many kinds 

GMS 1034; C2, 31V 7, 60R 29; BSTii 893.7 

4257 yry^h B jf > .(jt^U ^y) jij>- 
xar-yax ©loc. -yh 

(a kind <?/)building 

TSP 3.124 & etc. "magic building" "reception 
palace"; Hen. Texts. 726, "tent" 

4258 yrywsk S J-^>- 
xaryose «*xrywsy 

rabbit 

YrYwsk srdy, Bugut. Insc. B2.6; Livsic. AO 
Hung. 26, 1972,73 

4259 yrm B, M r / 
yarm ©<OP garma-, Khwarz. Yrm-, Yaghn. 

Yarm ©loc. -v 
hot 
GMS 526; TSP 2.302, 421, 3.262; SCE 292; 

BSTBL, Dhy. 346; VJ 533 

4260 yrmVy C jS «~jj 
yarmawe 

punishment 

C2, 31V 28 n p77; GMS 1051n 1, 1082 

4261 yrm'ych S (M) (^>) f /^lip 
yarmec 

(a kind of)hot food 
S W, BAI 1990, 286 

4262 yrmy'nCy) B, M <^ _ <-W 
yarmyan 

exile, punishment 

VJ ; TSP 2.804; GMS 1051; Benv. JA 1959, 118; 

S W, IIJ 1976, 69 +wnPkrt, "to exil"; Yrmfny, 

VJ 942, 62 d 



yrmyh 



170 



4263 yrmyh B u/ 
yarmya ©f. n. 

heat 

BSTBL, Dhu. 268; Yrrriych, Frag. Len. 

4264 yrskryyh M dyJ ( «-~i ^7) 
yars-kare ? 

(an instrument like a tubc)ro\\ci 
Sogdica. 56.27n p27 

4265 yrs- B OxJtT 
xars ©<*krsa-\ Yaghn. xas\ Oss. xars =#yns-, 

xns-, xrs~, xs- 

(ro)pull, (ro)attract 

GMS 343; Vim. 155; BSTBL 

4266 yrsy'k B j^f ' <j±f 
xarsyak -^ynsy'kh 

effort, toil 

TSP 13.3 n p226; Hen. Texts. 733; S W, HJ 1976, 
58 

4267 yrt- B, S ^j^U^jJj 
xart ©pi. st. -*yr-\ y'yr-, xrt-, yyr- 
0#)walk 

GMS 603, 848; VJ ; Frag. Len. ; MDii; pt. inf. 
Yrt>y t VJ 889 

4268 yrt>k B, S «j<^U<<uijf 
xartc (yrty, yrtk) ©pp. pi. -/; ace. -w =»xrtyh 
past, gone 

TSP 2.831, 7.84, 10.7, 11.9; BSTBL, Dhy. 358; 
MDii; Doc. 10.16.; Yrtw, MDii p200, A-14,12 

4269 yrtk => yrt ) k 

4270 yrtr'k B j& 
xartare ©<*xara-tara-, Turk. =*xrtry 

mule 

TSP 2.771n pl79 ; Hen. Texts. 723 

4271 yrty =» yrt>k 

4272 yrwy B (J f ^<J&.)*Jjli~<JU-li43j ar 
xarwe ©<*xwaraka ; Pahl. xwarg 

ember 

TSP3.199, 200n pl98 ; Hen. Texts. 728 ; BSTBL, 
Dhu. 25 

4273 yryk M JU~<jT,jf 
yi/orek (yryq) ©Yaghn. Yirek ©ob. -yy 

-*yr»yk t}) 
mud, clay 
BBB 496; STi 6, 13, 67.16; Sund. AoF 1975, 64, 

15R 6, 13 

4274 yryq C =* yryk 



4275 yryn- 1 C j.u> 
yarin ? =>yr } ynt(n) 

(ftf)roar 

BSTii 832.5: C2, 104R5; Benv. JA 1955, 301; S W, 
HJ 1976, 60 n77 

4276 yryn- 2 ^ yr'yn- 

4277 yrys- S hj^AJ' • J^^jz^J^l^ ^J'^tj^ 

(J'J- 
yares ? 
(/^irritate 
Hen. Tales. 480.16, 482n 1; Benv. Notesiv 515 

4278 yryw M, C (J>> j->*j j-O^jj **j±- *u^*^ '^ 
yriw (yrywh) ©ob. ~y( y) ^yr'ywCh), 'yrywCh), 

ps*yryw(yX jwndyy/h 
self, body, soul 
GMS 207; STi 13.10 & etc.; Sund. AoFviii 1981 

p214 ; STii 1.7, 2.10, 6.28, 46; BBB; BSTi 251; 

BSTii: C2 gloss.; Yrywh, Anc. Lett. 2, 4, 3.3, 4; 

Yrywyh, Anc. lctt. 2.54 

4279 yrywh S =» yryw 

4280 yryw jywndg M (^yU ^Ij^)^j ^"-uj^jj 
yriw-ziwandag 

Living Self 
BBB pl26 

4281 yryw n'sy M ^- JJ(J aL; 
yriw-nase 

destruction of soul 

BBB 546; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 144, 2 

4282 ysn B, M outT <#* 
yasn ©<IE *g w ndhsmo ©nom. - (>) y; ace. -w; pi. 

xsncP ^yns 1 
stinking 
GMS 496, 516 n 1, 1204, Ysnh, Vim. 0, BSTBL. 

Ysny ; TSP 2.398, 806, 1119, 1188, 7.175, 17.18; 

Ysnw, TSP 21iii, 15, Ysnyy, BBB, f57 

4283 ysykn6h -> 'ysyktc 

4284 ys'yS B jui^l^juU^ 
xse5 (ysy5) ©<Av. xsaeta -^ysyd, xsyS, } xsy5 
king, commander 

TSP 25.2 n p236 ; Doc. 11, 1.6 

4285 ys'yn => 'ys'yn 

4286 yswny =* Pyy 'ysywny 

4287 ysy8 =» ys»y5 

4288 ysyp C w-^T^J 

yisyp ? ©<Yysyp <*YySrp =»yysp 
damage 



yw'ncyqy* 



>0 



GMS 298; BBB p63, 523 ; STi 14.15; BSTii; C2 
gloss,, Mack. BSOAS 33, 118 

4289 Ytw( H 8prm) B *>^>-<(J^<>r ^)^ 

x(u/o)tu ? (ywtw) ©xwatam ©emphasis 

particle =»xtw 2 
so ever, however, whoever, the very 
EGSii 119; VJ ; TSP ; SCE; BSTBL, Dhy. 370, 393; 
GMS 1545, 1552 ; Ywtw, TSP 1512; < xwty 
"self" KG Apd. 198.5.2; S W, SGI, 1986, 407 

4290 yw 1 B, S J<jl 
xo ©<hau ©pron. art. nom. sg. m. ^yw, y- 3 , 

yh, ywn'y, xw, ZK, xww 
he, that, the 
GMS 1398, 1405-22; S W, TPS 1994, 47-8 

4291 yw 2 C 3 € 
ya/ow =»y»w 

bull, ox 

BSTii 887.8; C2, 91R8, 105R3 

4292 y w- o^ jtjj>> *fX> >*-^ *j£t> f j^ 

yu/o, yaw (y>w- : ) ©<*£av ; Av. gunaoitU 

Yaghn. ^aw ; Khot. hagav—, Khwar. T'yv-; Oss. 

Yaun =»ywtch, yw>n, ywtk 
0o)bc necessary, (ro)bc wanting 
BBB 552; GMS 576; Bailey. Asica. 14 ; Mack. 

BSTBL n p56, Dhy. 141, Yw y wty, Dhu. 113, 124, 

Y'wty, 129; Ywt "it must be" 

4293 yw" =* yw'w-, yw- 

4294 yW'p- B ^Uf jUj ^/T < j^O; 
xwaf ©Yaghn. xw/; Parth. wf- 

(to)spit 

SCE 323; Gersh. IF 1970, 305 

4295 yw M kkr B (J'&^'d^j^ 
xwakar (yw'kr) ©<*wahdkara =*wh } kr, xw } qr 
merchant, trademan 

GMS 392; BSTBL, Vim. 157; ob. -y, MDii A-9 
R2 ; pi. -t, GMS 969; Yw'kryu GMS 1242 

4296 y w »n B, M j^^f 
ywan ©<Yw+an =»yw>n 

sin, fault, error 

BSTBL, Dhy. 2 ; Frag. 2a.5 ; TSP 5.105; BBB 615 

4297 yw w nk MD -> ywn>nk 

4298 y w »t B, S ^olj* 
xwat (yw>t) ^xw J t 

weak, tired, feeble 



Intox. 12, 24, BSTBL( -tt ); TSP 2.123; Hen. 
Talcs. 480.5; MDii B17 R6 

4299 yw w t- =» yw'w- 

4300 Yw'8k S *€ <c^; 
yaOuk ? =»y>5wk f)) 

throne 

Hen. Tales. 475, 12d; GMS 409 

4301 yw'kr S => yw*kkr 

4302 yw'kry S =» yw'kkr 

4303 yw'm C «& JS tf 
ywam ©<w/ , m <*wi-gama ^wyW, wy*m 
foreign land 

GMS 214, 421 

4304 ywWk S v*> < jl*** 
ywamc (wy'm'k) ^wy'my 

guest, stranger 

MDii p44.9-10 ; Gersh. Advice. 93 

4305 yw'm n'fc C (^/fv)^ v.> <4; ^ 
ywam-nafc ^wy'mn'fc 

guest 

STi 24.8f, 25.18; pi. n>fsu 27.11, 18 

4306 y\v*n B, M, C (J>> >-^ j>)*\£ t^r^ 'J&J> 
ywan, y(o)wan (yw'nh) ©ob. -y ; pi. -/; ob. pi. 

-ty =*pwyw } n, yw'n 
sin, shortcoming, fault 
GMS 1032; TSP; SCE; BBB c9 ; Hen. Talcs. 483; 

STii 2.18; STi 70.11 etc.; C2 gloss.; Frag. Lcn. 

65.5; Yw'nh, VJ 381 etc.; MDii; ob. Yw'nyh, TSP 

2.105; MDii p22.17 p38 ; xw'/i, STii 624, 31 

4307 yw'ncy B J^^jy^S^ 
ywance 

necessary 

Mack, n BSTBL, Dhy. 274 

4308 yw'ncyq C =^ yw'ncyk^ 

4309 yw'ncyk ' B jLj^>"fJ^ 
ywancik (yw'ncyq) 

necessary 

VJ 128, 159; Frag. Len. 91.7; -w, BSTi 159; GMS 
976 n 1, 1014 

4310 yw'ncykstr B ji^fj* 
ywancik-star 

most necessary 
Frag. Len. 27.5, 44.3 

4311 yw'ncyqy* C j^^j 
ywancikya 

ncccssity(w/ia/ is necessary) 



iHHi 




yw'nh 



172 



-X 



Ui>J° jr^** 



(*Lfj!)s* 



C2, 57V 3 n pi 56.3; BSTii 905.3 

4312 Yw J nh B, S -» yw l n 

4313 Y^nkr'k B j&if tjfj-** 
ywankare (yw'nkryy, yw'nqry) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. 

-ty 
guilty, sinful 
GMS 1122; TSP 2.716; BBB 619, 688; C2, 27R7, 

27V26, 54R20; YrfnkryK BBB 646; 

Yw*nqryt(y), C2, 54R20, 27 V26 

4314 Y w> nqry C =» Y w>n kr } k 

4315 Y w) nkrystr M 
Ywan-karistar 

most guilty v 

BBB 554 ; GMS 1289, 1636 

4316 Yw'nkryy M =» Y w> nkr J k 

4317 Yw'nw»cy(h) M, S 
Yw3n-wacc 
forgiveness 

BBB c8 f2, 6 ; Frag. Len. 65.8, 80.9, 106.2 

4318 Y^'nyh B =* y w> " 

4319 YwVk -» Y w> r*y 

4320 YwVnt B, S <c~/j c~-o)o-.lj 
xwarant/-d (Yw'rnt) ®<*hvar- ^xw'r'nt 
xight(hand) 

GMS 222; VJ 8 ; TSP 2.1030, 6.82, 83, 7.21; 
BSTBL, Dhy. ; Frag. Len. 92.5.7.12; Frag. 4.8; 
Prolexis. 434 

4321 YwVy B (•j>o^'^)«J''j>- 
xwarc (xw'r'k, Y w>I °k> Yw^y 1 ) ©suff. in compd. 

^YrP'y Yw'r'k/'y, y't'k yw'r'y, zwt>k Yw'r'y 
eater, drinker 
TSP 2.340, 343; SCE 125, 238, 239, 290 

4322 ywVyst => xw'r 1 , Y w>rn 

4323 Yw'rh B, S ^^ 
xwar ©pi. Yw^r^ysth ^xw'r 1 

sister 

TSP 2.149, 21, ii, 6 n pl70 ; rwVy, MDii ; pi. 

YWru Frag. Len. 120.5; Yw'r'yst, TSP 2.927; 

GMS 1230a 

4324 Yw'rnt =* Y w) r'nt 

4325 Y w> ry' =* Y w> r } y 

4326 Y Wry 2 B ^^-..cJ. 

xwary/e =»zyny Y w> ry 
ignominy 
Bcnv. TSP 2.162 n pl70 ; Hen. Texts. 716 



cr-* *i5j*j*- 



4327 ywVy z>tk S 
xware-zate =>xw J ry z'ty 
sister's son 

MDii pl74.2 

4328 Y^'stw'nypt S 



•ilj^l>- 



<^-J 



: )v^^'j 



iJst^Ipl 



<<j>j 



xwastwanift (YwstwtoyPt) <D<Parth. 

confession 

Sogdica. 64.5.6 

4329 Yw*t B, S =* yvsH 

4330 ywVyk S JybiJ^- 
xwatya(k) ©f. n. ^xw'ty* 

weakness 

MDii B-l8.6pl25.6 

4331 Yw'ty'kh -* xw'ty* 

4332 yw j w- B ^^j 
xwaw (yw 1 , yw'I-) ©<*xwai <*xwdhaya\ 

Khwar. xvdh-, Yaghn. xway ^x'w-, xwst-, 

x*w-, Y*w- 1 
0<?)bcat, (/cObrcak 
Hen. BBB p55, 550; GMS 233; Prolexis. 438, 

BSTBL, Mack, n p56, 3pl. Yw y wnU 3sg. opt. 

Yw*wy , VJ 1093, 1242; 3sg. pres. Yw*t 

<Yw>wt y TSP 6.25; Hen. Texts. 732 

4333 Yw*yc B £o<\p 
xwee, xoyc ? (Yw*ych, Y w y c (b)) ©ob. -y(h) 

=»xwyc 
pain, suffering 
VJ 808; Frag. 2a.l5 ; SCE 99 ; TSP 2.299, 303, 19.3; 

Ywyc* TSP 2.1087, 7.55, 56; Ywych, TSP 7.55 .- 

4334 Yw'ych =» Y w> yc 

4335 yw'yr- B jjIjIJ^ < j-^j>- 
xwer ©<*xwdraya ^xwr-, xwyr- 

(r^?)feed 

GMS 228, 542 ; VJ 61, 1341; TSP 19.10, 16; inf. 
Yw y yr>y> TSP 3.9, 41 

4336 ywb- C => y^P- 1 

4337 Y^P-' B, M (j^> ^j^ j-0o^J^~ '0>r*> 
YoP (Ywb-, Ywp } t, Ywbd } r-, Ywpt-) ©<OP 

gauba =^Y w bc 
(/cOpraise, 0<?)glorify 
GMS 589; TSP; SCE; BSTBL; Frag. Len. ; C2, 

94R14; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 21V 15; trans, pret. 

Ywbd'r~ y STi 43.14; pres. inf. Ywfly, Dhy. 320; 

pt. inf. Ywflt, Dhy. 319 ; Vim. 41; pt. st. Ywflt\ 

Ywbt. GMS 537; AVS 109 



5i , **M.i'-V,fe&Kf ?i '^ ■■ ■■: 



^^HHHHill^H 



173 



ywcm'nqy* 



4338 ywp- 3 =» YwPw 

4339 ywp't =* Y W P-* 

4340 Ywp'ty'kh B jj^ 
yoPatyak ^ywpty'kh 

praise 

TSP 2.490; KG 415, 559, 585 

4341 Ywbc C <o^ 
yoPc ©f. pp. =»ywP-\ ywpty 

praised 

BSTii 883.10. C2,48R12 

4342 ywpcy'k S ^J-j"^ 
yuPcyak 

beauty, glory ¥ 

W-Li 88: Gropp. p39 

4343 ywpcyk S ^U^l, 
xupcik, xufcik ©ob. pi. -iy «*y w P w 

royal 

Frag. Len. 40.11 

4344 ywbd'r- C -* ywp- 1 

4345 ywbdy* C jj^ 
yo/updya -^ywpty'h 

praising 
STii 1.8 

4346 ywpn- B ^l^ 
xwapn, xuPn ©<Av. xwafna; Yaghn. xuvn 

©nom. -y; ace. -w, abl. -\ loc. -yh =»xwPn- 
slcep, dream 
GMS 503; VJ 3.4; SCE 5, 7 etc. 312, 329; TSP 

2.409, 410, 808, 1160, 13.26, 6.4, 109.112, 7.66; 

STii 8.4 

4347 ywpnw wyn- B o±*->lj>- 
xuPnw wen- 

(to)dream 

VJ3.4 

4348 ywpny M ox,>. 
yopne ©pres. part.; pi. -t 

praising 
GMS 892 

4349 ywpt- ** ywP- 1 

4350 ywptch S ^ 
Yopc ©f. adj. 

praised 

Mack. AI 1985, 425.31 

4351 ywbtr C j^^. 
Yuptar ©comp. adj.; pi. -t 

more glorious 



=»ywbc 



C2,48R18 

4352 ywpty B, M 
yfipde (ywP*!, ywbty) ©pp. 
praised 

GMS 849; TSP; BBB ; Hen. Tales. 473; STi 22.19; 
STii 3.44; C2, 48R20, 94R26; Twfitk, Frag. Len. 
44.4; ace. Yw0t y kw f W-Li 71; ace. Ywbtw, C2, 
51R17; pi. rw6ryr,C2, 48R19 

4353 ywbty C =» ywpty 

4354 ywbty* C =* ywpty>h 

4355 ywpty'h M jJb^j s j^ «>j& 
yfiptya (ywbty 1 ) ©f. n. ; pi. -/ ^ywbdy* 
praise, glory 

GMS 948, 1015; BBB; W-Li: Gropp. p39 ; STi 
14.18, 22.17; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p215 ; STii 
4.22; BSTi 176; C2 gloss. 

4356 ywpty'kh B, S jj^. 
yu/optya(k) ©f. n. ^ywP'ty^h 

praise 

TSP 8.62; GMS lllln 1; KG 415, 559, 585 

4357 ywpw B, S fl a;U^<.U 
xufu, xuPu (ywP- 3 ) ©<*xwa-bawa ? ©pi. -f 

=»xwPw, MR'Y 
king, chief 
VJ 198 etc.; TSP 2.832, 839, 22.7; STii 7.29; Frag. 

Lcn. ; MDii; Hen. Tales. 4742, 5 & etc., 483.4 

etc.; JRAS 1944, 138.46; W-Li: Gropp. p39; 

S W, KG pi 97, Appd. 3.4.3; Twfl, TSP 6.58 

4358 ywpwy 1 S *UU 
xupuya, xufuya 

kingly, kinglike 
Hen. Tales. 475.24 

4359 ywc- B J^y^^sy*- 
xuc ©nom. -y ; ace. -w, abl. -> =»xwc- 

nice, pleasant 

GMS 504; VJ 61, 136, 1294, 1440; BSTBL, Dhy. 
71; TSP 2.214 ; Frag. Len. 1.1 

4360 ywck } B ^l jT * jU 

xuck ? =»xwcq, ywyck (>) 

open, free 
TSP 2.1080 

4361 ywcm'nqy* C ? ^jIUa txJ j,y~ ij^sj^y- 
xucmankya ? 

well-minded, well-meaning ? 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 21R 2, 15, 22V 1, 3 pl81 

nl25 



mmmmmmmmm 



yw&kih) 



174 



III 



i 



4362 Yw&'kGi) B (jjy ; jL^j), jio;l ^j^T ^U =t <o> 
Yo5e (ywdy) ©<Av. gaoiSL, gaoSana 

vessel, container, pitcher, measure 

GMS 1117n 1; TSP 8.108; Dhy. 277, BSTBL; Frag. 

Len. 100c 12; Hen. LW 99; JRAS 1944, 143n3 ; 

STi 43.9, 10; C2, 94V 21 n pl77 

4363 ywd'r- C o^jo^-tjxif 
ywaSar- ?, yuSar ? ®<wYd } r <wYtw5 } r ©perf. 

st. =»w'c-, wyt- 1 
(/cOspeak, GcOtell 
GMS 421; STii 1.92, 94, 35, 38, 45; 3sg. pret. 

rwd y t. STii 1.32 etc.; Lentz. STii p584 

4364 Yw6*ynch B ^yj^ * *>y7 i^jf 
yuOcnc ©<Av. gu&h; Yaghn. Yut(a) ©L adj. 
consisting of faeces 

TSP 2.962 n pl81 ; GMS 1053, 1273 

4365 ywfipty S jj^a 
xo-5[3itc ? =»xwdbtyq 

both 

Frag. Len. 83.a4 ; S W, C2 pi 32 60V30 

4366 ywSkV B, S i^- 
xuSkar, xwa6kar ©<*xwata-kara ^xwSk'r 
alone 

GMS 1 108, 11 24 A, 1120; TSP 2.408, 3.121; SCE 
27; BSTBL, Intox. 27; Hen. Talcs. 486.20; JRAS 
1944, 138.5; MDii p87.17 ; -y, SCE 328 

4367 yw6n B •xJ^^^JijJ^ Jii 
yoSan ©<*gaudana =*crpyw5n 

covering 
TSP 3.171 

4368 YwSnyk S o-^'cr^J*' 
xutanik, xu8anik 

Khotanese 

GMS 976 ; Sogdica. p8-l0.11c 

4369 Ywdy C «* Yw5>k(h) 

4370 Ywkt B >ff 
Yokot (ywqtt) ©<*gaukrta 

sulphur 

GMS 76, 148; TSP 3.226, 229 ; Hen. BSOAS 
11.69.38 "brimstone" 

4371 Ywqtt M =* ywkt 

4372 YwmV B jJLs t^*^ 
xumar ©<Av. vohu~mq$ra 4xwm'r 
consolation 

TSP 8.201-, VJ 1115; GMS 391; Frag. Len. 39.4 

4373 Ywmr C <**>*<>_* 



(j^r J J <JO*^ /-k) j'-^jp- 



u 



«/<o 



Yumr ? ©loc. -y> 
monastery 
C2, 60R26 

4374 ywmt'nc B 
xumdan ^ , xwmt , n 
Hsian-fu(a town in China) 
TSP 2.1233; Ywmt'ncw knS, GMS 1047 

4375 Y wn' B 
Y/xun ? ©end. 
or? 
TSP 2.642 n pl77 ; Hen. Texts. 73 

4376 ywn 1 B 
yon (YwnY(w)) ©in compd. suff. 
kind 

TSP 3.153; GMS 1113; YwnYwn, VJ 988, 1183; 
Frag. Len 91.4 

4377 ywn 5 S (j^ JUS. jj ^^Ua fL)j*h <oy> 
xun ^xv/n, ywn'nk 

Hun 

MDii pl20.12 ; Hen. BSOAS 12.605n5 

4378 ywn-' B (0*lj*-)ij>f\fiO>i>sr- 
xwan, xun ©<*xwana ^ywn'k 3 , xwn-, ywt- 2 
(^proclaim, 0o)wccp 

VJ 75, 89, 1060; TSP 21iii, 13; EGSii 12; AVS 76 

4379 ywn- 2 C 0->j>' 
yun ? ^ywnnc 

(/<?)increasc 

S W, C2 gloss.; AVS 98 

4380 Ywn M y B =» ywn'k 2 

4381 ywn'y B (u>> >-i~> j>)j *jT ■ 
xonax (ywn'x, ywny, ywnx) ©demons, pron. 

art. nom. sg. m. =>xwnx 
that, he 
VJ; SCE; TSP; BSTBL; YwnYw, Frag. 11.2; TSP; 

GMS 1410 n pi; VJ 1509 

4382 ywn'k 1 B, S y.jT 
xone, xonaku (ywn'kw) ©demons, pron. art. sg, 

m. =>xwn } k, xwny 
that, he 
GMS 1402, 1405, 1411; VJ 1232; TSP 12.18; MDii 

4383 ywnV B ^ 
yone (ywn'yy, ywn*y) ©<Av. gaona ^ywn'k 

Pwn>kh 
hair 
Bailey. Prolexis. 74 ; EGSii 90 ; TSP 2.296 n pl73; 

Ywn'y, Hen. BSOAS 11, 718; Ywn*y. SCE 302 



4384 ywnV B ^<^ 
xune, xwane =»ywny, ywn- 1 , xw'n 2 

proclamation, news 
Ywn>kw y VJ 75, 89 

4385 -ywn'k B (u,>-)jujU ««jf 
yonc (-ywny) ©<*gaunaka ©as suff. in 

compd. ^'nywn^, w v ywnc, cYwny, 
wyspYwn } y 

like, similar to 

GMS 1113, 1114; TSP 211.9; VJ 239 



^C'J>" 



4386 Ywn'k pwn'kh B 
Yone- Pune ? =»Y wn) k\ Pwn } kh 
hair pore - 
TSP 2.296, ob. pi. >yr, 373 

4387 Ywn l kw => yw^k 1 

4388 ywn'nk S Kjo* 'Ky>^*- 
xunanc/k (yw'nk) ©adj. ^»Y w n 3 

(related to)Huns 

F. Grenct. SI cahicr 7, 1984, 167, 184 

4389 ywn'x =» Y wn> Y 

4390 Ywn J y B jif 
xwane, xune 

crying 

TSP 2.911 n pl80f ; Hen. Texts. 723 

4391 Y w n*yy M =» Ywn'k 7 

4392 Ywnc B, M, C M^- <*&& zj***)^ < Stj 
yonc ©ob. -yh 

colour 

TSP 5.28, 6.34 etc., 7.88, 16.22; BSTBL, Vim. 86, 

Dhu. 106, Dhy. 91 etc.; Frag. Len. 109.4; W-Lii: 

Gropp. p39 ; GMS 1004; C2, 83V3 

4393 Ywnc>kh B Joj 
Yoncak 

colour 
TSP 3.45 

4394 Ywnc'yS B (j^>^-jj)xjU 
Yonce5/0 ^ywYwnc^S, ^ywnc'yS 

alike 

GMS 1109, 1113 

4395 ywncq C fU«ul*i 
Yunc(a)k ? 

cup 

BSTii 847.47: C2, 69V 13 

4396 ywncy>kh B Jlj^Lj 
Yoncyak ©f. n. 

beauty, colour 



(a-U^)JJ?j <0_^X^ 



jU >jy tffi 



SCE 318, 502 

4397 ywdy B =± yvsrfy 

4398 ywny(w) «> Y wn? 

4399 Ywnnc C *xJ>l 
yunanc ? ©*Ywnny ©f. adj. =$yv/n- 7 
increasing 

BSTii 895.25: C2, 54R25 

4400 ywnpyk B of 
foam 

STii 8.4; Bcnv. TSP n pl84, 1161 

4401 Ywnpr , yck ) B ^jf 

foam 

TSP 2.1161 n pi 84 ; S W, BSOAS 1983, 42, 
Ywzpr y yck y 

4402 Y>vnt J k B 
Yonde, Yondak ? 
poison spider, tarantula 
TSP 3.84, 6.9 n pl94 

4403 Ywnty C 
Ywande, Yundc =»y w ~ 
necessary 
STi 38.5; GMS 1068; CII, 1990 F14 

4404 Ywnx *=» Y wn> Y» xwnx 

4405 Ywny B 
xune, xwane =$ywt- 2 , Ywn*k 3 
proclamation 

VJ 48 

4406 -Y wn y C ** -Y wn> ^ 

4407 Ywp B, S 4^U {y >- 
xup ©adj. & adv. =>xwp 

good, well 

TSP 16.25 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 89, 104, 166; MDii; Ywp\ 

Dhu. 89; Ywp>k, Doc. 10.18; CII, 1990 F18 ; 

Ywpy, Dhu. 278; Ywpw, TSP 3.192, 5.9, 6.7 etc.; 

Dhu. 236; Tales. 480.10; Frag. 4.4 ; Frag. Len. 

61.2, 89.9 Ywpy\ Dhu. 42 

4408 Ywp } t B ^j~<j,xk 
xupat 

kind, good 

VJ 884; GMS 1072, 1555 

4409 Ywptr S >v ^ 
xuptar (Ywpwtr) =»xwptr 

better 

MDii pl71.3; TSP 12.69; W-Li: Gropp. p39 

4410 Ywpwtr B =» Y w P tr 



r >UI 




■! # < ' 



^YwrW, Y w Y r > xwr > 



ywpyh 

4411 ywpyh S ^^ 
xOpya, xupl 

goodness 
Frag. Len. 68.7 

4412 Ywr B, S 
xwar, xur ©ob. -y 

xwr0Yyy 
sun 
TSP 6.46, 147; VJ 1262; BSTBL, Padm. 21, 50; 

Frag. Lcn. 94.6; GMS 223, 1611; Hen. Tales. 

481.34; Sogdica. 34.8, cYwr, "of sun" 

441 3 Ywr- 1 B, S (j,>> >^ ^)0^> 
xwar, xur ©<*xwar ~>Y wrt ~. xwr- 

(ro)cat \ 

EGSii 9 ; GMS 229, 592; inf. Ywr'y, TSP 2.134; 
Dhy. 279, trans, pret. YwrtS } r-> AVS 103 

4414 Ywr- J S j^^xf^ 
xur ©*hvan IE *swel -»swk'nt 

(to)swear 

TSP 3.220, swk } nt Ywrtk; Schwartz. SI, Et. 
Lazard, cahicr 7, 293-5 

4415 Ywr'Ywr'k B ? jjK* «j.p-Up 
xwar-xware, xura-xure ? 

eater, glutton 
TSP 24.6 

4416 Ywr'k(h) B jj>o^* 
yure, Yurak ©<*garu ? =»Y wrv 

proud, haughty 

SCE 370; TSP 5.51; GMS 1074a 

4417 YwrYS B V U*7 
xwar-arG, xur-ar9 ©<xwar+ar9 <*a&r 
sunlight 

TSP 22.20 n p235 

4418 Ywr't- =* wYr } ty(y) 

4419 Ywr>t>nyh B jjJ"J& 
Yuratanya ©f. n. 

haughtiness 

SCE 72; GMS 1074a 

4420 Ywr > tqy ) C ? tfJ-'wJ^ 
Yuratakya ? =*yv/rdtq 

watchfulness ? 

BSTii 831.30; Mack. BSOAS 33, 12; S W, 
Ywrdtq-y "kidney" ? ; C2 n pi 78 

4421 Ywr'ty C jU^Li* 
yurate ©Yaghn. Yurah <wYrHk <*wigrataka 

©pi. -r 
watchful, awake 



176 



STi 39.7; BBB p84.703; GMS 215, 421 

4422 Ywr'ytfk B uij>- 
xwarene ©pres. part. =»xwrynyy 

eater 
TSP 2.803 

4423 Ywrdtq C 6i /<(U)«jr 
Yur5ak ? ©Av. vdrd8ka\ Yaghn. Yurkakx Yidg. 

ww/^a; MP gurdag; Knot. Z>//£<2 ©f. gen. -y> 

^Y^^tqy' 
kidneyCr) 
C2, 102V30 n pl78 ; S W, BSOAS 1983, 49 

4424 Ywrm(h) B S\±- 
xurm ©<*xrum-, Av. paxruma ©ob. -y 

=»xwrm, ywrwm 
earth, dust 
GMS 415; SCE 15g, 133; Bailey. Asica. 33 

xruma; Gersh. AHM 189; VJ 1466, 1470, 1477 

4425 Ywrmzt rwc S jjj-*^^ " u Jj' jjj 
xurmazd roc ^xwrmzl* rwc, 'ywrmzt rwc 

first day of the month 
MDii ; MDiii, B-ll R3 

4426 Ywrn- B u>- 
xurn ©Av, vohuna-, Khot. huna\ Parth. gwxn\ 

Yaghn. waxin ©nom. -y, -w, ob. - (>, y; abl. -' 

=>wYrn-(h), ywxn-, xwrn- 
blood 
GMS 209, 417; TSP 2.114, 348, 297 etc.; VJ 278, 

783; Bailey. Prolexis. 426 

4427 Y^r rwc S jjj-^jj^ *A* f*>A Jjj 
xur roc =»xwr rwc 

eleventh day of the month 
MDii B-3, 3, B-19, 11 

4428 Ywrs B, C ;/<-»> 
Yurs ©<*garsu <*gartsu 

round, around 

GMS 488, 954; SCE 299; TSP 5.10, 58; STi 19.15; 
C2, 60V23, 111R6; Hen. Sogdica. 57 

4429 Ywrst^ny B (^<^>)^->>^ ^jX'OjJ 
Yurstane ©<*gavar6 ?; Khot. gausa-> Pash. Yost; 

OP *gavar&a= EL kamirOa 
millet 
TSP 2.1019 n pl82; Hen. Texts. 724; Gersh. 

Amber. 1969, 198 

4430 Ywrt B, S {uj^ y^ ^)cJL^tS^i^jy>-- 
xwart, xurt ©<xvarti =*xwrt 

food, meal 

GMS 947 263n 1 ; VJ; TSP 3.216, 13.7 etc.; SCE; 
BSTBL; Frag. Len^ Frag. 2a.l5 ; MDii; Ywrtw , 



177 



Yws'yck 



TSP 6.87; Ywrty, TSP 2.416; VJ 110 etc.; YwrPk, MDii 
p21.24n p32 ; TSP 3220; Twit, Vim. 94, BSTBL 4431 
ywrt- B <>j>- 

xwart, xurt (ywrtk-) ©pt. st. & inf. =*y w r-\ 

xwrt- 
(fo)eat 

GMS 927; VJ 36; TSP 2.44; BSTBL; Frag. Len. 
pp.; VJ 63; trans, pret. Ywrtd'r, TSP 2.196, 202 

4432 Ywrt'k S =» ywrtk 

4433 ywrtprch B •XjjTUp <^ju* 
xurt-parc ©f. adj. 

nourishcr 

VJ 834; EGSii 106 : 

4434 ywrtcyk* B ^j^ 
xurtcik 

eatable 

TSP 2.474 

4435 Ywrtk B U*<^lj>. 
xwarte (Ywrt'k) 

food 

TSP 3.220; MDii Nov. 3R24 

4436 Ywrtk- *» ywil- 

4437 Ywrtsnty B (/jU jjJyL)f>Js£^\<J 
xurt-sande 

vomiting 

TSP 2.38n pl69 ; Hen. Texts. 715 

4438 ywrwin S S\±- 
xurum ^xrwm, Y wr m(h) 

soil, earth 
GMS 415, 482 

4439 Ywry C xl^i^j* 
yure =»Y wr> ^(h) 

proud, exalting 

C2, 60V24; Benv. J A 1955, 315 n 1 

4440 Ywry'q C ^> t ^xS,^ 1{S JJ^ 
Yuryak ©f. n. =»y wr Y 

triumph, exaltation 

C2, 31V9; Benv. JA 1955, 315; JA 1959, 139; 
GMS 1074a ; BSTii 893.9 

4441 Ywry'ty'kh B ^oj> 
Yuryatyak ©<Yur(y)-ya-tyak ©f. n. 

pride, haughtiness 

Vim. 162, BSTBL; GMS lllln 1 

4442 Ywryznych S (j->-V^)^f^ u 
xure-zenc ? (ywry zync(h)) ©ob. -y 



*=^xwrjn(y)c 
second month of the year 
MDii p20l ; MDiii pl21 

4443 Ywry zync(h) =» ywryznych 

4444 Yws»nt B jl^>- 
xusand ©MP hu(n)snd; OP uOandu ^Yws'nt, 

xwsnd 
glad, satisfied 
TSP 14.37 

4445 Yws'nty'kh B ^^-> 
xusandyak ©f. n. -^xws'nty'kh, ^wsmty'kh 
contentment, happiness 

TSP 2.238 

4446 Yws^tyh S \S X ^J^ 
xusandya ©f. n. =»xwsndy\ 'xwsmdyy' 
contentment, happiness 

MDii B- 16, 7 

4447 Yws'ynch B 
xusenc ©Khwar. xwsy 
ashy 
SCE 234; Mack, n p38 

4448 Ywsnt => 'Yws'nt 

4449 Ywstw*nypt *» Y w>slw>n yP* 

4450 yws' 

Yos ©<*gausa ©ob. -y; pi, -/ ~»Y w sytt 
ear 

VJ 879; SCE 89; TSP 2.1092, 3, 294, 5.102, 7.54, 
76; BSTBL, Intox. 12; BBB 658; Sogdica. 5.3; 
GMS 817 ; W-Li 95; Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.20; 
KG 381; pi. Ywsu C2, 66R17: BSTii 873.17; STi 
9.1; Sund. AoFi 252; AoFviii 1981, 26 R15, V2, 
3 p215 

4451 yws 2 M (^o jr »v^ 
Yost, Y"St ? ©<gao6ra ©pi. Ywst 
metals 
Sogdica. 20.21; Bailey. Prolexis. 33 

4452 yws- C 
Yus, Y wa s ? =»wys-\ } yws- 
(fc)rejoice 

GMS 213n 1; STi 72.4, 73.11; Sund. AoFviii 1981 
p207, 30R3, 2pi. Ywsw tyst\ trans, pret 
Ywsd>r-; AVS 130 

4453 Yws'yck B tj^ iSi 
Yusick ? ©Yaghn. Yusak =»xwsycq ? 

jar, pitcher 

SCE 528; xwsycq ?, GMS 1012 



/ 



*)ol>(^^) 



0«^— 'J^*-*^>- 



yws pw^kh 



178 



i/H 



a*y C'j>- 



OJjtjs*- 



4454 yws pwn^h M 
yOs-Punak 

* earhole 
Sogdica. 5.5, 5.4; Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 145 

4455 yws rwc S (^^j^U^jWr Jjj 
yus-rQc 

fourteenth day of the month 

MDii, Nov. 6, 2-3; MDiii; Hen. JRAS 1945, 151.6 

4456 ywsyq C ^j'J^JJ* 
ywasek ? (xwsy) ©<waxs ? ^xws'mnty 

growing 

STi 32.15; S W, C2 p67 fn 32 

, 4457 ywsytt M ^j^r 

yoset ^yws 1 
spies 
GMS 1679 

4458 ywt- B, C jsil* a^S <o*j* jIj aj>» <u**f jV 
yut ©pt. st. 

(to)be in need, (to)be wanting 

GMS 576; BBB p68 

4459 ywt- 1 B 
xut- (ywt'y 2 ) ©pt. st. -^ywn- 1 
(to)read 
VJ 49, 3sg. pass. pret. xwt } y 

4460 ywt w w B «■* ywt>w 

4461 ywt*y B -» ywty 

4462 ywttot B -* ywtm 

4463 ywt'rnk S 
xut-arne ? ©pi, -/ 
mill 

MDii p56. B-4R 7, 9, 13 

4464 ywt'w B, S {jy> <;<** j->)jj^ <•£ <-ujU»- 
xutaw, xwataw (ywt*w) ©^jcwa/awa/i ©ob. 

-y; voc. - , ; pi. -f ; ob. pi. -ry ^xwt'w, xwd*w 
king, master, lord 
EGSii 88; GMS 222, 1222; gen. pi. Ywi>w% TSP 

15.19 

4465 ywt'wy* B 
xutawya ©f. n. ^xwt'wy* 
kingship 
Frag. Len. 71, 6, 7 

4466 ywtNvy'kh B 
xutawya(k) ©f. n. 
kingship 
VJ981, 1482; GMS lllln 1 



uA-l 



<J& 



C.lUl^ i^U* 



4467 ywtWtk(w) B *>\yfc «»\}xju± 
xutaw-zate(zataku) 

prince, king's son 

EGSii 103; TSP 6.166; VJ 1270 

4468 ywty B -» ywty 

4469 ywty B ** ywt- 2 

4470 ywt'ynh B, S 6u 
xuten, xwaten (ywtynh) ©<*xwataunl ©ob. 

-yA; pi. -f/i =»xwtyn 
queen 
GMS 133, 950; VJ 5 etc,, TSP 6.165; SCE 259; 

MDiii Ywt'ynfintk 

4471 ywtch B Xllo^^iu 
yutc ? ©f. pp. -»ywtk 

guilty 

VJ 1049, 1055 

4472 ywtg'r ** xw5k»r 

4473 ywtk B j£te~ij&> 
yute ©pp. -»yw- 

guilty 

BSTBL, Dhy. 141; Vim. 46, "at fault"; Mack, n 
p56; rw>t% Dhy. 142 

4474 ywtm B, S (<jy> ^^ j->)^j^_> 
xwatam ©<*xwatama\ <tauxma ©pi. -t\ ob. pi. 

-tyh 
relative 
TSP 2.151, 154, 12.15, 21, 62; BSTBL, Vim. 62; 

Anc. Lett. 1.7, 3.13 ; GMS 127, 444; Benv. TSP 

n pl70.151 ; pi. Ywtmt "parents" 

4475 ywtmt B ^j^^ 
xwatamt(y) ©pl. ; ob. pi. ~yh 

parents 

SCE 131, 445-, TSP 5.15; -tt, TSP 2.768 ; SCE 446-, 
. -yh, TSP 2.259; rwPmt, TSP 5.18, 6.91 

4476 ywtw B *=» ytw(»5prm) 

4477 ywty B, S (Oj* j** j^o^^jh 

xuti, xwate, xute (ywt*y, ywty) ©<*xwata\ 

AV. xvato =»xwty, xwdy 
self 
EGSii 119; SCE; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len^ 

MDii; GMS 402, 269 n 1 ; STi 37.22, 75.20; 

Ywtty, VJ 836; rwt> ()) y t SCE 532; TSP 6.109; 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 22R 4 

4478 ywtyywstk B c^^^U^iW 
xute-xuste ©pi. -tyt 



mm 



■MM 



179 



f r iendiself -wished ) 

TSP 2.151,6.91,8.18611 pl70 

4479 Y w ^y Ywyst*kw M LiT 
xute-xwistaku =»Y wt YY w stk 

friend 

Gersh. TPS 1945, 148; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.8, 
139 fn4 

4480 ywtynh B, S =4 Ywt'ynh 

4481 Y wt y prnYwntk S (Jjj^)c~>j~**xj>-J 
xute-farnxwande 

self-fortunate 
TSP 3.30 

4482 Ywty xwdq>r C r \+s 

xute-xu5kar 
alone 

STi 37.22; CMS 269 n 1; Ywty xwdg*r, STi 75.20, 
Sund. AoFiii 1975, 18V6 p77 

4483 Ywy»r B, S Uj^)J^ 
xuyar ©<*hu-vydra =>xwy*r 

easy, easily 

TSP 2.554, 556, 3.29, 12.41, 59 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 90; 

Benv. TSP n pi 76, Hen. Texts. 720; Tales. 

485.2; Gersh. Amber. 241; Ywy'r /wyV, TSP 

3.29 "easily" n p!93, "in details" 

4484 Ywy'rstr B jjj\ 
xuyarostar 

easier, very easily 

TSP 6.46; BSTBL, Dhy. 372; GMS 1290, 1303 

4485 Ywy'z- S => y wvz ~ 

4486 Ywycpr J k B ^^ 
xwec-pare, xoyc-(3are 

suffering 
TSP 2.427 

4487 Ywyc(h) B ^ Yw>yc 

4488 Ywyck»w>k B JkUf ^j i^l/T 
xoyckawe, xweckawe (xwycq'wyyh, Ywyck'wy, 

Ywyck>wy, ywyck'w'k) ©f. n. 
liberation 
BSTBL, Vim. 79, 80, 94, Dhy. 360, 361, Dhu. 98, 

253 & etc.; TSP 7.95, 103, 9.113; Sogdica. 61.31; 

-*V*w, TSP 9.118; W-Li, ii: Gropp. p39 

4489 YwyckVy =* Ywyck»w } k 

4490 Ywyck c » B, S (jjS , ^ ^,/f <*£ l 
xweck, xoyck ? =»xwycq, Ywck> 

open, free 

VJ ; TSP; SCE ; BSTBL; MDii p201- f Frag. Len. 



^ Ywyrsny 

57.9, 11; GMS 229, 976nl" ; W-Li, ii; -w, TSP 
8.69; -K MDii 

4491 Ywyck'w'k" -» Ywyc^w'k, xwyckWk 

4492 Ywyck*wy *$ Ywy^k'w'k 

4493 Ywyck kryny S ojcsfdjl 
xweck-karene 

deliverer 
GMS 1123 

4494 Ywycn'k B jU, 
xwecnak, xoycnak =>xwycn J k, xwzn'q 

ill 

TSP 2.423, 449; GMS 1059 

4495 Ywycst B •*UJ<^ r J J 
xwest, xwetst, xoyst (Ywyst) ~*xwystk, Ywyst>k 
chief 

BSTBL, Vim. 157; GMS 230, 286n 1 

4496 Y w yn- B jj-t-oy^ iojJu*j±\y*- ijjii«juiU 
xwin, xwen »»xwyn-, Ywn- 1 

(to)bc called 

SCE 200; BSTBL, Dhu. & etc., Dhy. 50 & 
etc.;TSP; GMS 540 

4497 Ywyr B -*A>y-<jj* 
xuwor, xoyr ®<*huwar- ©ob. -y »=»xwyr 

sun 

GMS 223; SCE 494; VJ 7, 40, 363, 11; BSTBL, 

Vim. 101, 128; TSP 22.8 ; S W, MIS 1984, 206; 

Ywyry, VJ 1107 

4498 Ywyr- 1 B o-^jf-<o^U* 
xwer (xw'yr-) ®<*xwdraya ©trans, v. 

=^xwyr- 
(/o)feed, (to)cause, (^)eat 
GMS 542; VJ 61, 1341; AVS 79; TSP 3.9, 41 

4499 Ywyr- 3 B, S jxs.«j>- 
xwer ©<*xwarya ©intrans. v. 

0o)be eaten 

TSP 2.346; MDiii 3sg. impf. xwyr> 

4500 Ywyr^rSyn^ B (s-^y <Ot**l j>) jj^ JL* 
xuwar-arOene ? ^Y wvr » *r5 

rock crystal 
BSTBL, Dhy. 45, 337 

4501 Ywyr pY B ^jy^d<&- 
xoyr-PaY, xuwar-{3aY 

Sun-god 
VJ 7, 40 

4502 Ywyrsny B, S ^UaT ^^L <j^ 
xoyr/xuwor-sane =»xwyrsny 



ywys- 



11 



east, sunrise 

TSP 17.4, 16, 20, 26, 31, 3.144; Hen. JRAS 1944, 
138.20; Frag. Len. 82 a 26 

4503 ywys- B o>/is^'o>/3S 
xwes, xoys ©<Av. xvisa—, *xwisa\ MP xwyd 
OcOperspire, Go)sweat 

GMS 228, 539; TSP 2.295; Hen. Texts. 718; 
Bailey. Prolexis. 23; S W, MIS 1984, 206; AVS 
71 

4504 ywyst S(MD) ** ywycst 

4505 ywyst'k B, S ^j^a i( jU* <*j&>J t^j 
xoyste, xweste (ywystk) ©<Av, hvoista; Khot. 

hva$ta\ Oss. xistan Munj. xusci =»xwsty(y), 
ywycst, xwystk 

chief, superior, teacher, honoured 
_ GMS 230; SCE 92; BSTBL, Dhy. 7, b9 etc.; Intox. 
32; TSP 5.59, 8.200, 17.22; MDiii; Bailey. 
Prolexis. 435 

4506 ywystk ==» ywyst'k 

4507 ywystr B, S ( J>> y-t-x j->)j^jj* «>j;l>J t^j 
xoystar, xwestar ©<*xwa(y)ista-tara ©nom. 

ob. -y, -w, ->; pi. -t; ob. pi. -ty =*xwystr 
chief, superior, head 
GMS 230, 1301; VJ ; TSP ; BSTBL; SCE; STii 7-40, 

8.3; -/z, VJ 1506; -w, TSP 2.180; -y, SCE 128; 

-\ SCE 478; TSP 5.74; Dhy. 15; -\ SCE 8, 9.8; 

MDii; Frag. Len.; S W, MIS 1984, 207; pi. 

Ywystrt(h), TSP 2.190, 632; Dhy. 163; ob. pi. 

Ywystrty, TSP 5.92, 7.172 

4508 ywyz- B (oy>y^^)^j^ 
xwez, xoyz (ywyz-, ywy^-) ©<*xwdzaya 

©inf. - J j ^ywst-, xwst-, xwj-, ywz-, xwz-, 
xwyz 

demand, wish 

GMS 188; VJ; TSP; SCE; BSTBL; Frag. Len. ; 

S W, MIS p207; Ywfz, MDii 2sg. impv. 

Ywfzym, lpl. pres. , Ywfzw, lsg. impf. 

4509 ywyz- =* ywyz- 

4510 ywyz 1 *? B ^j^U 
xweze ?, xoyze ? (ywyz^) 

very 

TSP 5.93, 7.49; STii 8.7 

4511 ywyz'kstr B JAj*JksJ 
xwezakastar 

stronger, more 
TSP 9.115 



4512 ywy z*k(w) B >^ j->)Ji-^ «U «j*r- «*=-W^ 

(J* 

xwezak(u), x5yze ? (ywzky ) ©adv. 

very, very much, extremely 

GMS 234; Bcnv. Notcsi 36-7; BSTBL; VJ; TSP; 

SCE; STii 7.33; rwyz'w, VJ 1044; STii 7.30; 

BSTBL; TSP 6.40, 50, 62 

4513 ywyz*y =* ywyz*y 

4514 ywz- B,S ^^ 
xoz (ywz-) =^ywst-, xwj-, xwz-, ywyz- 
(fo)demand, (f<?)wish 

TSP 5.107, 13.13; BSTBL, Dhy. 40, 74, 145; Frag 
Len. ; MDii; trans, pret. VwStffir-, VJ 1077; l*L 
>Ywsty, Frag. Len. 93.36; AVS 138 

4515 ywz- =4 ywz- 

4516 ywzky B =$ ywy z*k(w) 

4517 ywzn M j^ 
yawazn ©<Av. gavasna ©ob. -yh -^wzn 
deer 

GMS 375, 1230 

4518 yy C ^ %$ 

Yl/8? 

and, also 

STii 4.5, 10, 5, 21 & etc.; BSTi 61 etc. 

4519 yy- S cp/^^/^ 
xi, xai ©Oss. xai 

(to)divide, (fo)part ? 

MDii p33.4 ; Gersh. Advice. 91 

4520yy>ry>kh B ^><J; 

xyaryak 

servitude, hired labour 
SCE 41; Schwartz. BSOAS 34, 1971, 413 

4521 yyS B, S (u^^^^^.y 
xe§/9 ©<x+*y8 -*xy6, yy5h 

this, that same, then 

EGSii 122; GMS 1403, 1420; VJ; TSP; BSTBL* 
STii; Frag. Len. 

4522 yygpp S ^ yy5rp 

4523 yy5h B ^Jf 
ye9 ? ©<OP gai0a; MP geh(ban) ; gih 

flock 

TSP 13ii, 14; S W\ IIJ 1976, 61 

4524 yyfirp S v~ T sAi 
yisp ? «*yysp 

damage 

MDii p34.14, YySrph, YySrpy, YySryw^ Anc 



'PJl«W.^Wl 



181 



vyyr 



Lett. 5.30; Yydfip, Hen. BBB p63.523; BSOAS 
1965, 246 

4525 yymr B >V 
y/ximor ? 

thin 

TSP 6,87 n p204 

4526 yyn {>) B O'^jj 
y/xen ? 

conscience ? 
VJ 1030 

4527 yyntwh B ^i~(<^>/-i0 
xintu ? (xynt) ©MP xyndg 

(a kind of)\\\ness * 

TSP 2.35 n pl69 

4528 yyp6 B, S j->)(^bj' jT jl «y JU <ju <->>- <o^ 

xep9 (xyp6) ©<Av. xvae paidya ©pi. -f(y) 

=»xyp5 
own, self, his 
EGSii 120; GMS 139; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; SCE; STii; 

Frag. Len. ; Sogdica. 60.6; YypSh, MDii; 

YypSw y Dhu. 276; Yypdt, GMS 1250, 139 n 1; 

Yyp5\ W-Li: Gropp. p39 

4529 yypa'w'nt B, S v Gjl <jUjUi. 
xepOawand ^xypS^nd 

Lord, master 

TSP 7.102, 118; Hen. Tales. 468.33; MDii, -w 

4530 yyr B, S oIwOUj^^ 
yi/er ? (yyr) =*yyrtr 

late 

EGSii 158; VJ 205; TSP 2.446, 1163, 12.40; Frag. 

Len. 39.1; Yyrw, VJ 115; Yyyr y GMS 1285; 

YyrK VJ 274; TSP 2.411 n pl74 

4531 yyr- B, S j.b^^af^ 
xer =»yrt-, yr- 1 , xyr-, y'yr- 

OeOgo, 0<?)pass, GcOcross, (ro)transfer 
SCE 540; VJ 1036; BSTBL, Vim. 4, Dhu. 49; Hen. 
Tales. 475.15; W-Li: Gropp. p39 

4532 y yr »k B -» yyr'k 

4533 yyr^kwn'y B J^\ y? 
xerakune, xirakoni 

foolishness 

TSP 5.108; Hen. Texts. 731 

4534 yy r >k b, S 



(<j>>>~' >>)«y < 



i*j\ ■ 



xire/xere (yyr'y, yyry) ©Khot. khlra-, Khwar. 

xyr>w ; Yaghn. xira 
foolish, stupid 



TSP 2.494 etc.; STii 7.5, 8; BSTBL, Intox. 12, 20, 
29 ; Hen. Tales. 475.14, 28; Yyr'k, SCE 394 ; pi. 
Yyr>t, SCE 260 

4535 yyr'k »sk'r- B o^«>*-^ ^Ixlo-* 
xere-oskar- 

OcOmake a fool 

SCE 251, 267 

4536 yyr'y =* yyr'k 

4537 yyrtr j^cj^ 
ye/irtar =>yyr 

later, afterwards 

GMS 1285, 1667 ; Hen. Tales. 473.5, 486.14; BBB 

c8 f 12, 32; TSP 12.65, 14.21; MDii; BSTi 71-7; 

Bcnv. Et. 1.302; MSP b- 134 

4538 yyrtrcyq S */ j>* 
ylrtarcik 

late 

C3 apud. Sund. MSP p46 

4539 yyry =» yyr J k 

4540 yys'yph S =» yysp 

4541 yyscWk B 4,1.^ <c~J < Lr ~J- 
yiscanc ? (yyscnk, yyscn*k) ©<*grsti; A v. 

gdrdda (naka) ^yytcny'krKyh) 
mean, stingy 
TSP 8.194; SCE 46; GMS 382 n 2, 1021; 

Schwartz. BSOAS 34, 1971, 414; Yyscrikw, 

Frag. Len. 120, 6 

4542 yyscn'k *» yysc'n'k 

4543 yyscnk M =* yyscWk 

4544 yysp C v^^j 
yisip, yesip (yysyp, yys } yph) =»yy5rp 

damage 

STi 14.15; Benv. Notesii 424 ; GMS 298 ; BBB 523, 

706 b22 ; MSP b3; Yysypw, Hen. Tales. 480-30 

4545 yystrVy B 
xestrawe ? ^xwstry* 

veneration 

TSP 6.70 

4546 yysyp M =» yysp, 'yws'yp- 

4547 yytcny'khCyh) B 
yitsanyak(ya) ©f. n. ^yyscWk 
meanness, stinginess 
SCE 70; GMS 382 n 2 

4548 yyyr M =^ yyr 



l y_^s 



LT-i 'iJ^jJ 



If» ■■!!■■ 




yz'n'nc 



182 



4549 y^n'nc M JU ^ a U 
xazananc ^mz'yYYntycb. xz } n } nc 

sixth month of the year 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.7; GMS 1275; Hen. 
Orientalia. 8.93 

4550 yz'nh S j-Uotj*- 
xazan 

autumn, fall 
MDii pl69 A- 17.2 

4551 YzS'n B, S w-j iohji^\ <j_*^ 
xazdan ©<*azdana <*asta-ddna; Pahl. fcz'n 

©loc. -y 

grave 

Hen. Tales. 478.4 n p479 ; Frag. 27, 6, IIJ 1976, 
70; GMS 117A 

4552 Yzn- B, M, C ^f 
Yazn <DParth. gzn; MP gnz ©nom. ob. -y(yk 

ace. -w; loc. -yh 
treasure 
VJ ; TSP ; Hen. Tales. 486.4 ; JRAS 1944, 138.9; 

GMS 1171; Benv. Notesiii 228; Hen. AM 1963, 

197; Bailey. Asica. 15; C2 n p96 

4553 Yznpr B J*dj^<jj>*£ 
yazn(3ar ©pi. -/ 

treasurer 

VJ 106 ; GMS 1131; pi. -flar>yh VJ 1332 n p98 

4554 Yzny* C g^ ^U- «*l>- 
yaznya 

treasury 

C2, 51R 4n p96 ; BSTii 885.4 

4555 yzt* B u^^^jy* 
y/xaz/zta ? ^yzt'kyn 

debauched, licentious 
TSP 5.38, 80n p200 

4556 Y?t*kyn B Obu^?*"-^ 
Y/xaz/ztaken *=*yzV 

debauched, licentious 
BSTBL, Dhu. 82 

4557 Yztwq C jj±~ <cM* ^1 
xazt/duk ©MP xayug 

saliva 

STii L25 ; GMS 978; Hen. Texts. 719 

4558 yzw C => y?w* 

4559 yzw*' B ^ 
y(u)zu/wa ? (yzw) ©f. n. =»zw, zw- 

hair 



BSTBL, Dhy. 44, 172, 254, 370 ; pi. Yzwt\ STi 
10.10; Sund. AoFi 254 n 160 



h/H 



j*&* 



oT 



L-*b tjlT. Mh ,„X <«La» 



JJUi.1 



4560 hbyi C 
habel 
Abel 

C2, 57V30 

4561 hrwwt M (j/;y j *1*J»)(&jP _?)^j> 
harut ©<MP 

Harut 

Sogdica. pl6.16 pl9, hrwwt mrwwt 

4562 hwnx M 
xonax =»Y wn> Y» xwnx 
that, he, the 
GMS 63 

4563 hykl* C 
heykala ©<Syr. 
nave 
C2, 57V30 

4564 HZYH S 

wen- (XZYH) ©Idg. 

0o)sce 

Anc. Lett, i 2, ii 3, iii a2, 28; S W, CI, 1991, 183 



J 

4565 j'm M ^\\>tO*Je 
zam ®<*drdm\ MP ddrmag ^z'm, z'm 
delicate, fine, polite 

GMS 285; Hen. Tales. 469.37 

4566 jWwyCy) M ^StcMJ* 
zamawe 

refinement 

GMS 1082 

4567 j'r M >j 
zar ©<*jan&ra\ A v. jq$ra\ Parth. zahn MP 

zahr ©ob. -yy ^z'r 2 , z*r 
poison 
BBB b36 b85; GMS 1058; Gersh. TPS 1964, 14 n 

1; pryy, BBB 639; Hen. Cosm. 311.67 

4568 j'rm'nwq M xfoyj 
zar-manuk ^z'r^r'k 

poison-like (similar to poison) 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 143b ; BBB b36 ; GMS 1058 



183 



jn'ptnym 



4569 j'rnyy M 
zarne 
poisonous 
BBB b36 

4570 j^rynyh M 



jb^Aj ttfjAj 



J*y>j <i$j*j 



zarene 



O^;^)^ 



poisonous 
GMS 1058 

4571 j>y- M i>jo^ ^ i 
zay ©<*dray-\ MP dray 

Go)speak, (ro)talk 

BBB pl26 ; GMS 285; AVS 92 

4572 jp- M ^ Ox^^/jlT 
za/iP =»zyP-, zyP- 

OcObite 

GMS 112, 610 n 1; pt. st. jp't-, GMS 536 ; AVS 
108 

4573 jp'ty M ^^ 
zaPate ©pp. 

bitten 

BBB bl6; GMS 840 

4574 jy'r M 
zyar =»jyyr- 
cry 

GMS 6&, Hen. LW 100 

4575 jj m > M ^ 
zayma ®<*dragmdka ©f. n. ^zynV, 5rymh\ 

zymh 
lie 
GMS 285, 509, 1098 

4576 jyrt M ^ ^^ 
zyart =>zyrt, zy>rt, zy'rt, 'zyrt, >zy>rt 

quick 

BBB e22 ; GMS 526 

4577 jyt- M 
zayd (zyt-) ©pt. su inf. jYtyy =»jxs-, 5 } r-, 

zyt-, Sryty, 5ryt- 
OcOhold, (ro)keep 
GMS 925; BBB 523, 526, 632; perf. jYtw&r^ 

GMS 1245 

4578 j Y t>(h) M 
zayda ©f. pp. =*jyt- 
kept 
BBB 727 a5 ; GMS 882, 884, 887 ; +wfiyy, 3sg. 

opt. pot. pass. Hen. Tales. 470, 58 

4579 jy w M WU^ 
z(a)yu, zayu =^jwy-, 5ryw, zy-w, zy-w 



j£.\*& 



<ii-U4>J 



hard, cruel 

BBB 510, Hen. Tales. 473.28; BSOAS 11, 66.9; 
GMS 410n 1 

4580 jyyr- M q*j\x* < jxl^- 
zyer Ojyyr-) ©impf. jyYyr =^zy>yr-, zyyr-, 

> Z y)y r „ 

(/o)call 

GMS 629, 706, 730-, W-Li; Cropp. p39 

4581 jyyrt- M j-^o/i tdxiy- 
zyert ©pt. st. 

(to)call, (to )be called 

GMS 537; pp. jYyrtyfyh W-Li, ii; BBB cl5 

4582 jkrystr M jlJJ?*> «>X* 
zkaristar 

more sinful 

BBB 555; GMS 1636 

4583 jkry(y) M j£*lf <jf± 
zkarc ©<*ddzkare <*duz-karaka 

sinful 

BBB p69, 555; GMS 287, 1146 

4584 jmn- M o*U«0Uj 
zam(a)n (zmnw) ©nt. n. nom^ ace. -w ; loc. -y\ 

pi. jmnd y \ ob. pi. jmndf *>zwmn, zmn(w), 

zmn- 
time, hour 
GMS 165, 512 n 1, 1662 ; BBB 483; W-Lii, Cropp. 

p39 

4585 jmncyq M 
zamncik 
on time, timely 
BBB 571; GMS 1014 

4586 jmnw M jjj<opU<uUj 
zamnu Ojmnyh) ©<*jamanam ^m'hjmnw, 

myhrjmnw, wrmztjmnw, zmn(w), zmn- 
time, hour, day 
GMS 414, 512 n 1; S W, CLI 1989, 181 

4587 jn- M &j 
zan ©inf. -yy =>zn- 3 , jt- 

(ro)beat, ((o)strike 

GMS 577, 907; Hen. Tales. 467, 41; AVS 98 

4588 jn> M jj> 
zna => ) zn , k(h), »zn\ pjn } (h), zn'kh 
knowledge 

GMS 264, 1264; W-Li, ii, Gropp. p39 ; BBB 525; 
Tales. 473, 31 

4589 jn'ptnym M jjJuUjlj 
zna-patnem, zinapatnem ^z^ptnym 



jUjjJ iCSjj,* i*3y>4j 



i in - : ii ■ i mium^^man^mmtmtmmmmammm 



mn 



jnwq 



184 



injunction 

BBB 64; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 138; Advice. 79ff 

4590 jnwq => jnwwq 

4591 jnwwq M y\j 
znuk (z'nwk^, jnwq) ©Av. znu; Pahl. snwk 
knee 

Sogdica. 49.8, 50 n p50, CMS 264, 978 

4592 jt- M O^j 
zot ®<*jata ©pt. st. =»jyt-, zyt- 3 
GcOstrike 

GMS 108, 577, 925 ; AVS 98 ; inf. jtyy, Hen. 
Tales. 46730 

4593 jw- M ^ &~>J<o>fJ<»j 
zu, zaw =^zw-, zw-, >zw- 

(ro)live 
GMS 574, 647 

4594 jw>n M s**'j*j 
zwan ©ob. ~y(y), -yh =»jw } nyy, zw*n, 'zw'nCh) 
life 

BBB 514, 534 f82 ; GMS 1032; Hen. Cosm. 307,45-, 
W-Li, ii, Gropp. p39 

4595 jw'ndy(y) M .xj 
zwande (zw J ntk, 'zw'nty, 'jw'nty) 

^mwrt'jw'ndyy, jwndyy/h 
living, alive 
BBB 534; Sogdica. 46.2 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 140a 

4596 jw'nmyc M j^jt^L^^xj 
zwanmcc 

living 

GMS 1103; +ptJ3nd "life-line", Hen. Giants. 
BSOAS 11,71 

4597 jw'nyy M s>*<Jxj 
zwane =*jw>n, zw*n, zw'n 

life 

Hen. Tales. 473.32; y yw jw y nyy "life-time" 

4598 jwy- M .b <^f l^ <c-^- 
zuy ©ob. pi. -tya =»jyw, zwy 

hard, cruel 

GMS 410; Tales. 473.1 

4599 jwk M c-o^fJU 
zGk ©<*druka <*druvaka =»n } jwq, Sr'wk^, 

zwq, zwk ()) , 6rwk 
sound, complete 
BBB 516 f23 ; GMS 285, 978 

4600 jwky> M ^<^^ 
zukya ^Srwky* 

health, greeting 



BBB 516; Hen. Cosm. 307.46; W-Li, Gropp. p39 



4601 jwky'mync M ^JU 
zukyamenc (jwqy'mync) 

safe, sound 

GMS 1103; BBB 516 

4602 jwqy'mync =* jwky'mync 

4603 jwndty =* jwndyy/h 

4604 jwndyy/h M *xj 
zwande (jywndyy, jwndty) ^jw'ndyCyX 

'zw'nt'k, zw'ntk, zwnty 
living 
Sogdica. 39.27; BBB f82 ; GMS 1068; W-Li, ii, 

Gropp. p39 ; jwndy Tryw "the living-self", 

BBB f82 

4605 jwsy ==* 5r } wsy(h), zwsy 

4606 jwty } M ? y~T tj&l vo>^ ^y 
zutc ? ©Av. zav-, Skt. juhoti =»zwt } k 

beer ? 

BBB 515, -jwtyy 

4607 jwxsk/q M Jj=4 «jfli 
zuxsk ©<*Sr7wsk <*drigusaka ^Srywsk, 

zwxsq- 
disciplc 
GMS 285, 410, 1168, 1177 

4608 jxs- M 0-^^jl-^ 
zaxs ©<*draxs- ©pass. st. =>jyt- 

(to)bc kept 
GMS 825; AVS 73 

4609 jyyyr- M j^*'^ <o*'y- 
ziyer (zyyyr-) ©impf. =>JYyr- 

GcOcall 

GMS 629; Hen. BSOAS 12, 312, 107 

4610 jyk> M jlj > 
zika ? ©<zva =^zykh, zyq } 

damage 

GMS 182, 205, 1661; Hen. Cosm. 307.61 

4611 jymtyc M (f^j^^-J'^j^J^^A aU 
zimtec ? =*zymtyc, zymd* 

eleventh month of the year 

GMS 1275; Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.12, 151.9 

4612 jyryft M Jm'O: 
zirift ©<Parth. 

wisdom 

W-Lii: Gropp. p39 

4613 jyst M ^lo>;<c^j 
zist ©<*zoisdista ; *zais— y Parth. zys- =>zyst-, 



185 



k'm 



tSJj* <&j* 



aj t<~S 



s 



ts&i'J** 



JiJU v 



zyst- 

ugly, hated 

BBB p77, 633; GMS 451 

4614 jyst'wc M 
zistauc (jystwc) ^zyst'wc 
hatred 
BBB 633 bl8 ; GMS 1080; Hen. Cosm. 307, 49 ; 

Magi. 140 n 2 

4615 jystm'nky'Ch) M 
zist-man(a)kya 
bad intentioned 
BBB p75.693 ; GMS 1147 

4616 jystrw } n M 
zist-r(u)wan 
bad intentioned, ill will 
BBB 606, 691 

4617 jystrw , ndy > M 
zist-rwandya 
bad intention 
BBB 606, 712; GMS 291, 1147 

4618 jystwc =» jysVwc 

4619 jyt- M 
zot ©pt. st. -»zyt-\ jn-, jt- 
Oo)strikc 

GMS 108; pcrf. jytw6 } r- y Hen. Tales. 467.33 

4620 jywndg M *xj 
ziwandag ©<Parth. 

living 

BBB pl27 ; W-Lii, Gropp. p39 

4621 jywndyy M =» jwndyy/h 



o>j 



k/q 



4622 k- S, M * 
(kywy6, kywnt, q-) ©prepos. in compd. =^kw l , 

kymy5, kw 1 , kynVnt 
to 
GMS 1629; Benv. JA 1955, 321, qyw 

4623 q- C ==> k- 

4624 -k M 
(-q) ®kn <sk(n) < (}) skwn 
durative particle 
GMS 635, 641 

4625 - q C -> -k 

4626 -q> C 
ka (-g>) =»k>m l , k>n 



t?> 



,1,^-1 1 



jL-6-u I 



future particle 

GMS 448, 646; C2 p85, 184 

4627 k J p- B ' (^^O^jOoJtjacja^ 
kap/f ^kpt- / 

(^)split 

TSP 21iii 3 n p234 

4628 q>pt M => kpt- 

4629 k>8n B S£ <Jt 
ka5/0an (q>t) ®<*ka0amai Ska =>k>t 

dumb 

SCE 81, 367; Schwartz. BSOAS 34, 1971, 414 

4630 k>5y B, S * jj^^^U, 
ka5y/e/i ©<*kaSiya 

very 

EGSii 160; TSP 5.71, 87 ; VJ 10, 3 - ; -w, Anc. Lett. 
1.3 

4631 kYkh B j^lT 
kaxa(k) -»k»Yk(h) 

palate 

TSP 7.55 np211 

4632 k^' B Wf 
kaya5a (q'ySO ©f.n ; ob. -yh, -y'; abl. -> 

-^k'y^kh 
paper 
BBB p65, 527; GMS 971, 1264; BSTBL, Intox. 33; 

Laufer. 557; Bailey. BSOAS 11, 787 ; CII, 1990 

E15 

4633 q^S* M =» k > Y5 > 

4634 k'Y^kh B JWT 
kaYa8a(k) ^k^S* 

paper 

TSP 2.951; GMS 1111 n 1 

4635 k'Yfiy'kh S ^iT 
kaYa5yak 

(o/)paper 

MDii pi 84, 12 A-5, 12 

4636 k'Yk(h) B j^lT 
kax(a)k ? ©<*kahaka ©ob. -yh ^k'Y'kh, k>kh 
palate 

BSTBL, Dhy. 274 

4637 k J kh M 
kak ©<*kaka <*kahaka; (*kahman) =*k>Yk(h) 
palate 

Hen. Sogdica. p5.13 n p6 

4638 q'm C =» k'm* 

4639 k'nV B, M, S jU*juJ ^ 



t3-<f 




k'm 



kam ^k*n, -q* 
future particle 
GMS 646-50; EGSii p40 

4640 kW B f^<J-"jjjT 
kam (q'm) ©<OP kama ©ace. -w 

wish 

BSTBL, Dhy. 77; rttfm, C2, 60R 21 n p63 

4641 k'm- B, M, S (o^ ^j~j jj)^s^tj^l>c~*j> 
kam (q*m-) 

0o)want, (/o)wish, (to)like 

GMS 96n 1, 775; BSTBL; SCE; MDii; Frag. Len. ; 

TSP ; VJ ; STii, S W, C2 gloss. & n pl23, 28-9; 

trans, pret. <?WV-, GMS 457; STi 49.11; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p215 ; STii 121; C2, Jt>/n<5V- ; 

Frag. Len. 69.17 

4642 q , m- C, M => k>m- 

4643 k'm'k S (<*Oj'>M '-J^jjjT 
kamc, kamak 

wisher 

MDii, Nov. 4V7 p44.7 ; kWkw "at will" Frye 10 



,kc 



'>>\. 



jL»&JJj f *^>- 



4644 k'm'ntk B 
kamande (k'nVnty) 
well-wisher, liking 
TSP 5.75; Frag. Len. 71, 8 

4645 k'm'nty -* k'm'ntk 

4646 k'mS'r- S *=» k>m- 

4647 q'md'r- C ■* k>m- 

4648 q'mp C =» qmp 

4649 k'n B, M 
kan =»k J m\ -q> 
future particle 
GMS 646-50 

4650 k'n'kh B °* k'z'kh 

4651 q'ny* M 
kanya 
stupidity 
BBB 716 

4652 k'p B 
kap? 
piece 

TSP 3.180; Hen. Texts. 728; k>p\ TSP 3.196 

4653 k'r S -» »ztk>r 

4654 -kVk («jf» i ^J» J.>U.)«»ju^» ^a, ju^ 
kare (-k'ry, -q'ry, -k } rk, -qry) ©<*kdraka 

©f. -q>ra suff. =*-kr>k 
making, doing 



(UT;J^)^l^bU 



<*io3 t AX7 



186 



GMS 1125 

4655 q're -» -k'r'k 

4656 -k } rk =» -k>r>k 

4657 k'rpS S dj 
karpaS ©ob. - } y 

path 

Sund. MHC 36.8 R9 p26 

4658 q'rpfitt) M J>jj<*b<^ 
karpaS 

form 

Hen. Tales. 469.24, 470 n 1; S W, C2 n p5421 

4659 qVp8 C ^Uii.lj<.lj 
karpaG ©<*kara-pa6i ©pi. -/ 

way, path(army road) 

BSTii 917.10, 918.6; S W, 11V 25, 11R 21, 52V 
10 p54.21 

4660 k'rt'k B jjA^tJirt*. 
karte ? (k'rtk) ©<Skt. gfhastha 
householder 

BSTBL, Dhu. 206, Dhy. 6; GMS 363 

4661 k'rtk -> k'rt'k 

4662 kVy B, M, S (j-l-*» L •J/^w)ju > w (^>) 
©post position with inf. 

suffix 

GMS 932f ; BSTBL, Dhu. 81, Dhy. 56 etc. p96 

4663 .-k'ry -» -k'r'k 

4664 -q>ry -* -kVk 

4665 k'rykV S jj<^</X 
karekar 

worker 

MDii, A-9R3, p96.3 ; Gersh. Advice. 85 

4666 k*s B, M, S (^^(T^iT :J-^S)Sy~ 
kas (q's) ©Khwar. k*s ©ob. -y(y) 

pork, pig 

TSP 3.138, 9.44, 13.17; SCE 88, 122, 141, 360; 

Anc. Lett. 3.24, BBB f8, 766; GMS 822, 1683; 

Hen. LW 99; Frye 2 

4667 q's C =» k's 

4668 k's M j£& 
kas ©Parth. k } $ 

Kashghar 
Sogdica. 8.10 

4669 k's'k B, M, S ^jjtf 
kase (k'sk) 

(//ww)Kashghar 

Sogdica. 8.10c, n p!0 ; GMS 1048; MDii; TSP 



, 



187 



kpnyyn 



<s* 



8.185; Texts. 737; f. kl q } Pnc, GMS 1048; MDiii 
p95 

4670 k'sk =* k's'k 

4671 k't S jV^<v£f «JV 
kat/9 (q>t) =»k>6n 

dumb, deaf-mute, mute 

BSTi 139; Benv. JA 1943-5, 101 n5 ; BSTii 

886.23; C2, 51R23; Frag. Len,, S W, BSOAS 

1981, 236 

4672 q>t C =» k>t 

4673 k't'k B 
kate ©Khwar. k y U Pahl. kadag 
game, play v 
VJ 283, 288, +kr- "to play", k } t y w kr- 

4674 k'tsy'nty S 
kat-sxandc (q>tsxndy) ©pi. -t 
mockery, ridicule 
BBB p84, 716; GMS 344; Frag. Len. 70.8 

4675 k'tsyVS B a > 
kat-sxar5 ? ©KkVk-sxrS ? 
mockery, ridicule 
SCE 143 

4676 q'tsxndy M =» k'tsy'nty 

4677 kV B <u>>^ 
ko (qw 2 ) ^kw 1 
to, at, in 
GMS 1629-32. Jfe'w. . . s*r, k>w. 

4678 kV B, M 
ku ^'kw 2 , kw 2 
where 

VJ 1067; SCE 542-3; BSTBL, Vim. 64, 178; GMS 
1531 ; k y wty y Frag. Len. 93.10 

4679 k'wt'm B u/ 
k/gotam 

Gotama 
TSP 5 

4680 q'xws'ty C 
kax-wisate ©ace. -tw 
vomiting 

BSTii 829.21: C2, 102R21; Benv. JA 1955, 300 

4681 q> yn C jj; 
kayin 

Cain 

C2, 51V 17,29 

4682 k>z>kh B K&tJ^f^ 
kazak, kaze (k'n'kh) 



i jj)>S At i<J}Je*j iAj 



p'r 



<S"^> «Uf 



(e>jjj£ (jUj)^ if \j£**\ 



little house, hut 

VJ 952; Hen. Mittelir. 126 

4683 qbn C =» kpn- 

4684 k0n- B, M Sx\ ^ 
ka(3n (qbn) ©<*kabna; Yaghn. kavm 

<*kambna ©ace. -w ; abl. -> =>kPny, knpy 
little, few 
Hen. Texts. 732; BBB d7 cl6; C2; Benv. Notesiv 

515 

4685 kpn'kpnw B ff 
kaPne-kaPnu =>kpnw 

little by little 
BSTBL; GMS 1199 

4686 kpn J kk B, S Sx\<^ 
kaPnak, kaPne (qbnq) ©*kaflnakka- =»kpny 
little, a little 

VJ 1463, 1475; GMS 982; STi 34.2; Sund. AoFviii 
1981 p215 ; STii 2.15; MD A-9 R14 ; C2, 87V6, 
60R3; S W, CLI 1989, 180 

4687 kpnyw'r'k B ^^jul^y^/ 
kaPn-xwar6 

drinking little 
BSTBL, Intox. 19 

4688 qbnq C -» kPn'kk 

4689 kpnptz'n'y S fiJ «±te^ 
kaPn-patzane 

little known 
KG 482 

4690 kpnty* S J^^ 
kaPnt/dya 

a little, shortage 
MDii p 176.1 

4691 kpnw ifSiSxl 
kapnu (qbnw) ©ace. adv. 

a little 

VJ 958; TSP 3.195, 13.30-, BSTBL, Dhu. 208, 151; 
C2, 31V 11, 12, 48R 27; MSP; GMS 1195 

4692 qbnw C =» kpnw 

4693 kpny B, M Sx\ ^ 
kaPne (qbnq, qpnyy) ©comp. adj. =*kmby(y), 

knpy, kPn } kk 
little, a little 
VJ 899; TSP; SCE 308, 312; BSTBL, Intox. 31; 

BBB dlO; kfiny kpny, TSP 3.178, 231 n pl77; 

GMS 1211 

4694 kpnyyn ? B ^ ccMUJl ^jTjuI 



qPnyy 



kapn-yaxn ? 

meagre, remnant 

TSP 13.14; S W, HJ 1976,59 

4695 qpnyy M =» kpny 

4696 kprSh B (Jf t/Jr t<siJJ h jS fi)J^j>j 
kaparS ? 

\ecks(Benv: caper) 

TSP 2.600 (n p!77), 608, 665, 888; Texts. p720 n 
600 

4697 kps- B, S jjg 
kafs ©abl. -* ; pi. ~/\ -th =*kfs- 

shoe 

SCE 177; MDii pi 516, 181 A-5, 6, 8, 9, 12 

4698 kpt- B (jxilS')^^ 
kapd (q'pt) @pt. st. -*k»P- 

0o)split 

pp. kflt*t. VJ 1104; GMS 873; Sogdica. 33.10; 
AVS 108 

4699 kpt*prst B (<Z9&J.U)^J^U 
kaPda-parst 

harclippcd 

SCE 89; Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 139c 1411, 147 

4700 kc»n S (J^ifJUhjJ^ttfiSj**^ 
kacan (kc'n) ©ob. -y 

{name of a city in C7izna)Ku-tsang, Liang- 

chou-fu 
Anc. Lett. 2.6, 35, 5.7, 8, 11, 32; Hen. BSOAS 12 

p609f 

4701 qc> C 
koca ©f. pp. =»qty\ } krty 
done 

C2, 87R 2 

4702 kc'n *+ kc»n 

4703 k6 B, S (oy> y^ -p)^j>> "fj*j </' 
ka5 (qt 1 ) ©<ka5a ©adv. prepos. =»k8\ kt 2 
when, if 

EGSii 177, 192; GMS 1581, rtykd 

4704 k5> M,B,S k&y?«fj*nf\ 
ka8a (qdO ©adv. & conj. =*k8, qt jl 

when, if 

GMS 1581, 1307, 1535; >rtkS\ BBB; Hen. JRAS 
1944, 138.49; C2 ; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p215 

4705 qd> C ^ k5> 

4706 qd'c C ** k5>c 

4707 k5 } c B, M, S ^J^ L 4.u+* toy> >~- .*>>£=* 1 £j* 



4SJlfbul woXt- 



kaSac (qd>c) ©<ka<5a-cih Parth. kd'c 

ever, never 

EGSii 159f ; GMS 1559-, VJ 1115; TSP ; BSTBL; 
MDii; Hen. ; Tales.; STi 21.15; Sund. AoFi 1974, 
6V13; q6>c, Cosm. 307.32, 64; iW'cw, Frag. Len. 
38, 28; MSP b79, 114, 111; Dhu. 71 

4708 k6>m M fUf^fbT 

ka8am (kt } m, qt'm) ©<katama ^qd'my 
which 

GMS 59, 269, 1553; STii 1.73; BBB 



4709 qd'my C f uT 
kaSame ©pi. -t ^k5>m 

which 

BSTii 881.4 ; C2, 13R17; BSTii 8818; C2, 13V22; 
BSTii 909, 28; C2, 61R28 

4710 k6>r- B &J- 
k5/6ar (qt J r-, q5>r-) ©<**Jkr/w<5V- ©perf. st. 

trans, pret. «»kwn-, *kt-, qG'r- 
(to)do 
GMS 167 

4711 qS'r- M -» k5>r- 

4712 k8Vk B jk^ 
ka§/9arc (k9>ry, k5'r!y) 

stomach, belly 

VJ 18, 25, 30; TSP 2.35, 7.59, 19.10, 2118; jWV, 
TSP 7.56; k&ru Frag. Len. 61.16, pi. 

4713 k8V J y =* k5>r>k 

4714 kS'wty B, S oy?<«r&*?<fl 
kaSuti ->k6wty, >YKZY 

if, like, as if 

BSTBL; STii 7.36; kS'wtty, Vim. 8; k&wtyn, Frag. 

2a.28 

4715 qdb>t C (j^L^fl)xp 
ka6-pat, ka-50at 

maybe 
STii 5.46 

4716 k88ryy M o^l 
kaOre, kase (kGry, q§5ryy) =>ksy, kSry 

now 

Mack, fosi, S W, kzse-, Hen. Tales. 469.10, 473 ; 
AM 1952, 203.5 

4717 qSSryy => k55ryy 

4718 kSp'fcktp*) B JitS&jjxCMif 
kalpa (k5ph) <D<Skt. kalpa =»krp- 

world age 



HuiiMiiiHiaii 



^^^■M 



I 



189 



-kn 



BSTBL, Vim. 181; SCE 281-2; TSP 2.1084, 1168; 
GMS 60n 1 

4719 kSpcyk B JLvJ^ 
kalpcik =*krpcyk 

worldly, (of) kalpa 
BSTBL, Dhy. 161, 236 

4720 k6ph(=klph) => k5p>(=klp>) 

4721 k8ry B, M, S ( J>> >^ >0o>^l 
kaGre, kase (kGry, k/q5ryy) ^'kSry, k55ryy, 

ksy, q6ry 
now 
Mack, test; S W, k9se; TSP 5.75; BSTBL; BBB 

758 ; MDii; Frag. Len. ; Hen. Tales. 476.17; KG; 

MSP; kdryh Tales. 474.75 

4722 qSrycyk M ^^yf 
kaOrecik ©pi. -r ^'kSrycyk* 

actual 
GMS 1014 

4723 k8wty B, M ds?<«?J^</t 
kaSuti (q5wty(y), k5ZY) =*>YKZY, kS>wty, 

'YMT(w) 

if, like, as if 

GMS 118, 1685; Frag. Len. 11,1; STii 10.21; -A, 
Hen. Tales. 466.21; S W, C2 pl84 n 7 

4724 qfiwty(y) M, C =* k5wty 

4725 qdwy C j ^jL* J^u^j^i^Us jU^U^jo^ 

ka6we 

roof 

BSTi 113, 122, 171 

4726 qdys C 
kadis 
holy 
BSTii 904.29: C2, 57R29-, STSC 99 

4727 k6ZY S(AL) -> kSwty 

4728 kfs- C 
kafs ®nt. n. =»kJ3s- 
shoe, footwear 
kfsw, nom. n. C2, 94R9: BSTii 826.9 

4729 kj M 
ks/rz =»krj, qz, krz 
miracle 
Sogdica. 25.5; GMS 355, 496 

4730 k/q5ryy M =» k5ry 

4731 KL S (J4)< 



'a*-?-* 3 



j* 



wisp ©Idg. =*wysp- 

all 

Anc. Lett. 4.3, 8; GMS 218 

4732 kip B =* krp- 

4733 qlye' C J^<>u-uJ3W 
kaliGa ©<Syr. qlyt> 

cell 

BSTii 889.23; C2, 60R 23 n pl31.23 

4734 km* M ? ^t^>- ^-d^j 
kama ? 

instrument of bloodletting ? 

Sund. Man. Lett. 305.21 

4735 kmbwny M ^ij^ 
kambunc, kamboni (qmbwnyh/y) 

decrease, shortage, fault 

GMS 1087n 1 ; BBB 546; S W, Sund. Man. Leu. 

305-24 

4736 qmbwnyh/y =* kmbwny 

4737 qmbyy =» kmby(y) 

4738 kmby(y) M j\ j^S t^i^ iSx\ 
kambc/i (qmpy, qmbyy) ©<*kambiyah ©old 

comp. adj. ->k(3ny, knpy 
less, short of, imperfect 
GMS 308, 493 n 1, 938; BBB 546; Hen. JRAS 

1942, 243; pi. kmbyu GMS 1302; qmpy, C2, 

94V 19 

4739 qmp C (O^^^-"0_*r^)^Jj^fjj< t >r^' "^ 
kamp (q'mp) =*knph 

attack, stratagem, ruse 

C2, 23R8; pi. -/, 31R 25, S W, C2 n p74.25 

4740 qmpy C =» kmby(y), knpy 

4741 kmzy(n) S (j^ ^ ^^ ftyS-^S-^ 
kamzen 

chin-chenq, name of a city in China 

Anc. Lett. 2.23; Hen. BSOAS 12.618 

4742 kn- B, M &£ 
kan (qn-) ©Shan =»knt- 

(to)dig out, (to)dig 

GMS 577, 637; SCE 527; STi 19.6; BSTii 895.26: 

C2, 54R26; trans, pret. knd } r-> STi 19.16; AVS 

99 

4743 qn- C, M =» kn- 

4744 -kn M .cjI^-Ii 
kan (-qn) ^skwn 
durative particle 



kSJ 1 , 




-qn 



GMS 642; SW,C2n p65 

4745 -qn C =» -kn 

4746 kn»c B l^T jl.uT 
kanac (kn'c, qn'c) ©<*kana-haca 

where, where from 

VJ 3 ( ; GMS 1528a, 1538; kn } c py<SV, "why", Hen. 
Tales. 481, 58 

4747 kn'c =* kn»c 

4748 qn'c M => kn*c 

4749 knpy pr'n S J^L, 
kambe Pran =*knpy 

light-loaded 

MSP p46 . 

4750 kne M * (^f)<^j^> 
kanc (qnc) ©<Av. kainika -^kne'k 

girl 

GMS 247; kncYwS% MDiii p25 

4751 qnc =» kne 

4752 knc>k S (JT^)*^^ 
kance (qncq, qnck/cyy) <D<Av. kainya-, 

kainika; MP knyg; qnycq =*»knc, kneyk 
small girl, child 
MDii, A-16,7 pl39.7, pi. knc'ku C2, AV 26, ob. 

P*. qncqty; kneyiyh BBB e22; GMS 247, 957 

4753 qncq C ==» kne'k 

4754 qnck/cyy M =$ kne'k 

4755 kneyk M o'_h- j^> <>^> 
kancik =»knc>k 

girl 

GMS 995-, Hen. Talcs. 472, 42e 

4756 qncystr C Jolyr >^*--> 
kancistar 

younger girl 

BSTii 878.1; STSC 15; C2, 87V1 

4757 knS } k(k) S ? ^ 
kande, kandak ? =»kn5(h) 

(of) city ? 
MDiii pl04 

4758 kndV- C =* kn- 

4759 knSpr B ^^ 
kand-5par ©<kan6a-6wara ©ob. -y ; pi. -/; 

ob. pi. -ty 
city-gate 
GMS 455, 498; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 137, 143a ; O 1 

14: Frag. Len. 92.14; TSP 132, 4, 15; VJ 43 

4760 kn$(5) M =» kn8(h) 



jLu*J- < *_*i <Ji-*-^ 



190 



4761 kn$(h) B, S (u>>^~>>>)^ 
kand/t, kanG (qn9, kn6(5)) ©Knot, kantha ©f. 

n. ob. -y(hh pi. -ffc =»q8, knG 
city 
GMS 525; EGSii 87 ; VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len. ; 

KG; SCE 2 ; Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.24; Tales. 

481, 58, 486.13; Anc. Lett. 2.12, 13; MDii A- 14, 

31 

4762 qndyP C 
kandlla <D<Syr. ©pi. qndylyt 
candle 

C2, 60R30: BSTii 889, 30 

4763 knph S { Ji^ r ^ i^S 4 aU- 
kam/nb/p =»skfs, qmp 

assault, stratagem 

Sund. KG 465; MSP n p46 "dodge"; STSC 146, 5, 
6 

4764 knpy B, M, S ( jy> ^* j-*)^ '^ <>yr^ ^ 
kambe/i (qmpy) ©<*kambiyah\ Parth. kmbyft 

*»knpy pw-, knPy pr'n, kmby(y), kPn- 
lack, shortage 
Benv. Notesiv 515.16; Hen. Texts. 732; VJ 53, 80, 

1318; TSP 3.22, 6.106 & etc.; STii 9.18; BSTBL, 

Dhy. 126; SCE 499; Sogdica. 64.7, 15; MDii 

1.120; knph, Frag. Len. 68.4, 7 

4765 knpy } kh S ^^y^ 
kambyak 

shortage 

MDii p!65 A-15.4 

4766 knpy'strh B ^Txf jU t^j^f 
kambistar 

particularly short 

TSP 2.433; Hen. Texts. 734; Benv. TSP, 
knpfstkh; GMS 1289, 1302; MSP bl91 

4767 knpy pw- B j^h >j~S 
kambe/I Pu =*knpy 

be lacking 

VJ 53 & etc.; SCE 499;BSTBL, Dhy. 216 

4768 knt B (oj *J J* jOJ-* *•**&• 
kand ©Wakh. kmd 

family, generation 

TSP 2.547, 643.8.177, 186; Benv. Notesvii, JA 
1951, 113f 

4769 knt- B jjuT 
kand ©pt. st. =»kn- 

(fo)dig out, 0t?)take out 



VJ 239, inf.; AVS 99 

4770 kn9 C ^ 
kan0/d (k9, qnt) =»zy-qnty, qnOcyq, knS(h), q9 
city 

GMS 34; STi 8.7; Sund. AoFi 252.7 

4771 qnt => kn9 

4772 qn8 =* kn6(h) 

4773 qnt* C =¥ zy-qnty 

4774 knt>k S =» kntk 

4775 kntVp B, S ^k^iS^'h*^ 
gandarP ? ©<Skt. Gandarva ©pi. -t =»y ntrw 
water-fairy 

TSP 8.55 ; Frag. Len. 93.29: 0? 29; kntrfi, BSTBL, 
Dhy. 346 

4776 kntW B ^ jjj ^ji)J^t < * T ~~ ^> <£~* 

kandus 

(a kind o/)mastic, (a kind <?/Mrug 
TSP 3.285; Hen. Texts. 729, 733 

4777 knt'yk' B -djftj^j 
k/gant/dik, gantik (knlyk) ©<Skt. ghantika 
bell 

VJ 1057, 1118, 1121; SCE 397; TSP 8.46 

4778 qnGcyq C j&**b y s i \Sj& 
kanGcik (qntcyq) ©pi, -f 

urban 

GMS 1014; STii 5.42 

4779 qntcyq =» qnGcyq 

4780 kntk B .jS , i} x^^ J (L- 
kande (knt'k) =»zy-qnty, qnty 

digging 

BSTBL, Padm. 38 ; KG 747 

4781 kntrp B =» knt>rp 

4782 qnty C ^.J 
kande ©pi. ~t =*zy-qnty, kntk 

grave 

BSTii 843.40; Benv. JA 1955, 330; C2, 56V, 
n pl08.12 

4783 kntyk =* qnty 

4784 qnw>ncy J C ^ojlf 
kon(u)wancya (krn'wncyO ^qrnw'ncy* 

skill 

BSTii 89223, 24: C2, 31R23, 24 

4785 qnwn 1 C c*>.cl.^ 
kanona (knwn (>) , knwnw) 



canon 

C2 gloss; Hansen. AO 1966, 96 

4786 knwn (>) =» qnwn> 

4787 knwnw =» qnwn J 

4788 qnygrwsn M (cT>^ uk fj ^- jO^J^jj <s°. 
kanig-rosn ©Parth. 

Virgin of Lighi(M anichean godess) 
W-Lii, Gropp. p39 



J'^ *jU^ 



(^>cO*^)^ 



^aU 



4789 qnyy M 
kane 
digger 
GMS 906 

4790 qnz'y C 
ganzag =*y z n- 
Kanzag (name of a city) 
C2, 25V8 n p68 

4791 kp- B, M,C 
kap ©Khwar. kyb% Oss. kaf ©nom. gen. - (,) y ; 

ace. -w; inst. -\ pi. kp } yst 
fish 
TSP; SCE 85, 156, 240, 353; Hen. Tales. 471.10, 

14, 483.3, kpyy-, STi 79.6; GMS 1182n 1 

4792 kp'wr B, M jylT 
kapur (kpwr) 

camphor 

TSP 3.171, 270, 7.109; Benv. Notesi 53; GMS 807 

4793 kp'wt B >yf 
kapot 

blue, grey blue 
TSP 3.32,47, 101 

4794 kp'wt'ych B j^S 

kapote/ic ©Yaghn. kapuci =^qpwtyc, 

qwpwtyc 
dove, pigeon 
EGSii 85; GMS 1186n 1; SCE 163, 175, 351 

4795 kp'wtk B Aj f 
kapote ©<OP kapautaka 

blue, grey blue 
TSP 3.114, 128, 146 

4796 kp'ystCh) B uUU 
kapist (kpyst) ©pi. of kap 

fishes 

GMS 514; TSP 2.179, 182, 196, 206; GMS 1186; 

Hen. Tales. 471.9; ob. pi. -twh y TSP 2; -tyy, 

Hen. Tales. 471.13 

4797 kpc S 4^ t jJ^f j^\j 




kqpc*kk 



192 



kap/fc ©ace. -w; nom. & ob. -y 
unit of capacity 

MDii p60.14 ; kpew, B4R15, kpey, A-18 R9 ; 
Bailey. TPS 1954, 149 

4798 kpc>kk S 4^<jJ*gj*.lj 
kap/fce (kpek) ©Pahl. kafcag ©ob. -y 

unit of capacity 

TSP 19.7 n p232 ; Hen. Texts. 713n 5; MDii p34, 
2 

4799 kpek B =» kpc>kk 

4800 kpnyVk B ^staU 
kap-niyase (kpny^y, kpnyVy) 

fisherman 

Frag. 2a.5, 10, 12, 13/ 17, 20 ; O 1 17: Frag. Len. 

92.17; Hen. Sogdica. 51; Tales. 471.11n 4; 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 145.3 

4801 kpny's'y =» kpny's'k 

4802 kpny^ky* B *j£*l> 
kap-niyasakyS 

fishing 

O 1 16: Frag. Len. 9216 

4803 kpny'sy M =» kpny'^k 

4804 kpwr M =» kp*wr 

4805 qpwtyc C j^f 
kapote/ic ©ob. -y -^kpVt'ych, qwpwtyc 
dove 

BSTii 914.5: C2, 53R 5; Sund. AI 28, 1988, 181 

4806 qpy'ty ==» qpyy'tyy 

4807 qpy$ M (<jC Y- JjU> jUj j^1j)JM>«jf 
kope5 (qpyyS) ©MP kurbag ©ob. -yh 

stall (time unit=20 sec.) 

Hen. Cosm. BSOAS 12, 312.100, 102, 316, 318 

4808 kpyst M =» kp'ystfli) 

4809 qpyy'tyy M ^Uci/ 
kap(e) -yate (qpy J ty) 

fish-meat 

Gersh. TPS 1945, 147 

4810 qpyy6 =» qpy5 

4811 kr- B, S, M =» kwn-, krt- 

4812 qr» C, M =» kwn-, krt- 

4813 -kr Uf-<jf-: fJ ~ J l>jLi J ~ i )jfib<*xJ' 
-kar ©suff. 

making, doing 
GMS 1121 

4814 kr»m B ..a^ 



k/gram ©<Skt. grama ©pi. -t(h) 

village 

VJ 883, 1481,979, 1172 

4815 kr»n B J^t^^jTU 
kran (qr*n, kr'n(h)) 

pure 

TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 286, Dhy. 42 & etc.; STii 7.7; 

MDii pi. qr'nd-, Hen. Cosm. 311.66; GMS 1247; 

£rW, Frye 6 

4816 kr'Y B <?cXW~^>ft 
kara(n)x (kr*ny) 

(name of an)illness 

TSP 2.38, 7.59, 22.19; Hen. Texts. 715; S W, C2, 
np57 

4817 -kr'k B jpii^j^T 
kare (-kryy) ©suff. -♦-k'r'k 

making, doing 

4818 qr>n M «* kr»n 

4819 kr»nY => kr>Y 

4820 krii(h) S -> kr»n 

4821 kr'wny B fl=*»<J-* 
karunc =>krwn 

making, deed 

TSP 2.269, 347; Bailey. TPS 1946, 206; MSP bll2 



■ j j l? j+* r 



j^y <-> J 



4822 krWn S 
kroran 
Lou-Ian 
Anc. Lett. 6.5 ; Hen. BSOAS 12-611 

4823 kr'y'nc M 
karyanc ? 
hired girl 

Sund. Man. Lett. 306.26, 28, 308 n 47 

4824 kr'ynch B J*s<>S*J> 
karenc 

duck 

SCE 352; Mack, n p39 

4825 kr'ysy'kh M LJT 4, «^lj ^.LJT 
karesyak, kalesiyak 

Ecclesia 

GMS lllln 1; KG 594 

4826 krVkh B U«bj 
krazak ? ©<Skt. kasaya 

garment 

VJ 1497; GMS 363; Bailey. Vasta 39, Prolexis. 
308 

4827 kr6>kh S(MD) «* kwrS'k, qwrOy 



'J& (<y^) 



>*<>/ 



4828 krj M 
karz (qrz) =»kj, krz 
miracle 
GMS 355, 526; Szemerenyi. HMV 425 

4829 krjy'wr M jAlcJ^Lj.js 
karzyawar (qrjy'wr) 
miraculous, wondrous 
GMS 1119; Hen. Cosm. 307.14, 20 

4830 qrjyNvr =* krjy'wr 

4831 qrq66n M 
karka8an ? (D< Syr. qarkeSana 
amethyst 

Sogdica. p26 ¥ 

* 

4832 krm M 
karm (qrm) ©<Skt. karman 
deed 

BBB 516; GMS 526; pi. krmyt, >spt-krmyu GMS 
968 

4833 qrm => krm 

4834 krm'yr B t^ 1 ^ 
karmir, karmir (kyrmyr, qrmyr, krmyr) ©Pahl. 

karmir; Yaghn. kimir; Arm. karmir -^qyrmyr 
red 
VJ 40 d , 838; TSP 3.60 & etc. 7.8, 22.1; SCE 87, 

322; KG 2327; CII 1990 p83 

4835 krm'yr kwc'k B o^ry^o^r^r- 
karmir-kucak 

having a red beak 

SCE 172; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 144.1 

4836 krmswyn =* qrmswhn 

4837 qrmswhn M y&ijJjJ*, 
k(3)rmsuyn ? (krmswyn) 

forgiveness 

BBB 532; GMS 499; Sogdica. 63.4 

4838 qrmyr M => krm'yr 

4839 krmyr =* krm'yr 

4840 qrmyr rytyy M tfjjj^-M^ 
karmir-rete 

red-faced 

GMS 968; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 144.1 

4841 qrmyst C u> 
kirmist ©pi. =»kyrm- 

snakes 

STi 6.9 ; GMS 512, 1186 

WhwZJH 

karn (qrrO ©-cAv. k&r&rttM ®ob. — _y 



Ij&ilJ' 



SCE 82.267; Intox. 12, BSTBL; BSTi 139; Sund. 
AoFviii 1981 p215 

4843 qrn C => krn 

4844 qrn* C *J <6* 
karna 

horn 

STi 30.15; Sund. AoFi 223 

4845 krn'kh B jf>, ^ 
korn/zak ? (krz'kh) ©Skt. vidisah 
intermediate points of the compass 

BSTBL, Vaj. 21 

4846 krn'wncy* =# qnw } ncy } 

4847 krnw'k M ^^a <c^^j ^U 
karnuwak ©<OP karnuvaka 

skilful 

BBB p70, 562; GMS 1032, +Sstw "skillful hand' 

4848 krnw>nc(w) B -l>>a<>U 
karnuwanc ©♦jtrnvvVi ©f. adj. 

skilful 

Vim. 123, BSTBL; GMS 1003 

4849 qrnw'ncy* M, C j* <ojl*. 
karnuwancya ->qnw*ncy* 

skill 

BBB 562; GMS 1003; Hen. Tales. 467.61, 469 n 4; 
Sund. AI 28, 1988 pl81 

4850 krnw'ncyk S ^aU <ojtf I 
karnuwancik 

skilful 

Bugut. Insc. Bill 

4851 krp- B, S vifpUOW/oW 
kar/lp (krph, kip) ©<SkL kalpa ©->; pi. -r> 

^kSp^klpO 
world age 
TSP 6.77, 78, 20.16; BSTBL, Vim. 181, Dhu. 241; 

Frag. Len. 69.6; MDii 

4852 krpcyk B J^ 
kar/lpcik =*kSpcyk 

worldly 

BSTBL, Dhy. 161 

4853 krph => krp- 

4854 krps'k B (<JLJ^)aJ^ i^^X^^ja^ i^JUf 
karpase ©<Av. kahrpuna-, PahL krpwfc, <*karp 

asaka x xrafstar 
lizard 

TSF* 13iy ; C1MS 1 3e» s Bailey f IJV1 V p2B 



mumimm 



mmmUM 



qrs- 




4855 qrs- M 
kars ©<Av. karsa =*qrws- 
(rc)draw 

BBB c24 

4856 krsn B, M ^l t j i J&.<U rr ,cjt\& 
karsn ©ob. -v =**wkrsnyy, ksn 1 , krsny 
appearance, form, beauty 

Bcnv. Notesiv 512; Hen. BBB p93; Sogdica. 37; 
VJ 39, 16 a , 926, 1212; TSP ; BSTBL; Hen. Tales. 
470n 1; Cosm. 307.50; W-Li 567n 1 ; KG 378; 
GMS 357, 526 

4857 krsn'k S oLj^,j£u, 
karsne (qrsny) =»krsny 

in form of 

KG 370; STSC 133; BSTBL, Dhy. 176; STii 5.10; 
TSP 7.163 

4858 krsn'w B, M J^<L Jt J&-_^ 
karsnau (qrsn'w, krsnw) ©<*kasndwan 

^wqrsn'wt, qsn'w 

beautiful 

VJ 839; TSP 6.34; SCE; BSTBL; BBB b40; 
Sogdica. 351; Frag. Len. ; GMS 1076; pi. -/, 
Hen. Cosm. 307.12, 60; ob. pi. -ry, Vim. 154 

4859 qrsn'w M => krsn*w 

4860 krsn'wty' M ^l j 
karsnautiya(k) (krsn'wty^h) 

beauty 

BBB b40 ; W-Lii 547.26, 548.19; GMS I070n 1, 
1079; KG 377, -jfc/i 

4861 krsn'wty'kh S =» krsn'wty* 

4862 qrsn'w wyn'mndyh M ^r'^vy- 
karsnau wenamande 

good looking 
GMS 1100 

4863 krsnw =# krsn*w 

4864 qrsny C => krsny, krsn'k 

4865 krsny B, S ^_U j < j£i 
karsne (qrsny) ©pi. -r =^*wkrsnyy, krsn'k, 

krsn 
form, beauty 
TSP 7.163; BSTBL, Dhy. 176; Sund. KG pl84, 

370; MSP b31, 101; STii 5.11; STSC 133, 142-3 

4866 krsny'n B &*^y «^' jaU. ^ A 
karsnyan ©pr. name 

son of Sudashan 
V J 281 & etc. 



4867 krt B j5U«X 
kart (krth) ©<Av. kardta\ Khwar. krc% Yaghn. 

ko'rt ©ob. -y 
knife 
TSP 2.520, 8.120; SCE 224, 182 ; -/i, TSP 2.115 

4868 krt- S jj^O\/ 
kart, krt, kot (kr-, qr-) ©pt. st. =^krt-, kwn-, 

>kt-, qt- 
(rc)do, (/cObecome 
EGSii 17; Anc. Lett. 2.30, 34, 3.23 

4869 krt'ync(h) B ^l^X 
kartenc ©f. adj. 

with knife, of knife 
SCE 241, 206 

4870 krth => krt 

4871 qrtr =* krtr 

4872 krtr M, S JX*G^jj 
kartar ? (qrtr) ©<*kart- tara ? ^krtrty* 
cunning, decisive 

GMS 249 n 1, 1658; krtryy^ Frag. Len. 29.3, 111 
R2 ; Sund. MSP n p47 

4873 krtrty> M (oO)^ L,t J xti v'>- 
kartartya ? =»krtr 

incorruptible 

Sund. Man. Lett. 305.5, 301 n 14, 312.5 

4874 krts'r S =* kwrts'r 

4875 krw* B <hJ* vS tJ^^t^'J^W^ 

karwa 

gap 

BSTBL, Dhy. 66 ; Hen. L W 96 

4876 krwpr'n M jlijA* 
karu Paran 

heavy-loaded 

Sund. MSP bl37, 139n p46 

4877 krw 8nt > k(h) B ^jj^tJ* u'^ ^"OW 4 0'^ 
karw-5ande, Sandak 

gap-toothed 

SCE 83; Sogdica. 23.19; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 144.1; 
Hen. L W 96 

4878 krw kpy M ? JL+ <? ^U ^J .(^U ^y) )/ 
kar(w)-kapi ©<Av. kara; <IE *skvalos, whale-, 

Finish. kala; Hung, kat 
Kar f ish(a kind of fish), cat-fish ?, whale ? 
Bailey. AM 1965, 113 ; Hen. Tales. 483.3 



i 



195 



qs- 



4879 krwn M fb*l < f U3l <J\ « J^p 
karGn, karwan ? (qrwn) =>kr } wny 

making, effect, executing 

GMS 1101 n 1, 1123 n 1; STi 63.14, 68.22; TSP 2, 

269, 347; >rkrwriy: >rk-krwriy, STii; Gersh. 

Sogd. Cpds. 137 

4880 qrwn M, C =* krwn 

4881 qrwn'mndyh M jJkijftJ** 
karunamande (qrwn'mnty) 

action, effecting 

Sogdica. 36.16; GMS 1101; C2, nom. 94R28, ace. 

-fw, 51V 23, 61R27, abl. -/>, 31R18: BSTii 

826.28, 829.18, 909.27 \ 

4882 qrwn'mnty C =4 qrwn } mndyh 

4883 qrws- M, C &£jJuto*~£ 
kru/os =^qrs- 

GeOdraw, Go)tracc 

GMS 482; BBB pl02 e24 ; C2, 57R25, 104R9 

4884 qrwsny C juI^jlulT 
krusne 

tracer, illustrator 

C2, 57R24: BSTii 904, 24; Benv. JA 1959, 133 

4885 qrxny>tqy> C J^^^X 
karx-nyatakya ©f. n. ^k^y 

numbness 

C2, 13R15, ob. n p56-7 

4886 -qry C =» -k'r'k, Y^t'qry, Y w,n kr'k 

4887 kry> B r &*oUj<c^ 
karya (qryO ©pi. kr*yh suff. ^kry'cyq 

time, sequence, in turn 

BSTBL, Dhy. ; Benv. Notesii 217, Notesiii 224; 

GMS 1120; MSP p47 ; STSC 143; Bailey. 

Prolexis 40 

4888 qry* M =» kry> 

4889 kry>cyq M 
karyacik =>kry> 
timely 

n } kry } cyk "untimely" GMS 1014 

489 0qryn> C cXJ^s 

kare/ina ? 

scripture reading, lesson 

C2, 31V17: BSTii 893.17 
4891 -kryny M 

karene (-qryny(y)) ©suff. 

doer, maker 

GMS 1123; BBB b50 ; W-Li 36, 95; pi. -f, STii 



J^y V u J 



oXjS* ijtla 



ijb*\ 



>«P i j^&ljbtpl 



623 

4892 -qryny(y) M, C ^ -kryny 

4893 -kryy =» -kr J k 

4894 krz B, S 
karz (qrz, krz) *=»kj, krj, qz 
miracle, magic 
VJ ; TSP 2.55, 21 iil2; BSTBL, Dhy. 315; Frag. 

Len. 38.23, 86.3 ; KG 449 

4895 krz ** krz 

4896 qrz =» krj, krz 

4897 krz'kh =* krn>kh 

4898 *krzkr } k S 
karz-karc ©pi. krzkr>yt 
wonderful 
MSP bllO 

4899 krzwrz C 
karz-warz ©pi. -t 
miracle 

STi 68.22 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 148; GMS 
355, krft wrz; BSTBL, Dhy. 315; krz ZY wrz, 
VJ907 

4900 ks- B ^u^ ( >^ 
kas, kas Oks'y) ©<Av. kdrdsa\ <kasu ©nom, 

- (,) y ; pi. >ksth pred. inst. >ks } =*'ks- 
thin 
VJ 544 n p94 ; GMS 953, 1201, 1204; ksy, TSP 

2.429, 6.87 

4901 qsqnty C (v'>^^)OOiJ 
kas- kande ©<kat+skand ^ktskn^k 

devastated 

STii 1.21; GMS 365 n 1 ; Hen. BBB p63.5.21 

4902 KSP S <>»)«> jj' o'-^^ 
ary ©Idg. 

sum 

Anc. Lett, ii 49, 52 

4903 KSP> S 
nakrte ©Idg. ^n'krt'k 
silver 
MD, Livsic. Osnovyy II p371 

4904 kstr S 
kastar =»kstr- 
less, inferior 
GMS 1300n 1 ; MDii p 126.2, 14 

4905 qs- C 
ka/os ©pres. St. =*kst-, qsy\ kyr- 2 
0o)sow 



t^ 



Jj*^<jr*£ <jrlf 



j~* u 



ks>k 



196 



3sg. opt. qsy, C2, 52R9 n p96 

4906 ks'k =* »k>ys>k 

4907 ks'wrz'k M ^jj j ^ <e?jjj^ 
ka/asa-warze (q^wrzyCy)) 

cultivation, tillage, agriculture 

BBB p72.570 ; GMS 147; Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 141h 
<*karsaw(a)-warz-, Gersh. AHM 157n 
<*karsa~warz; Gharib. SI 1994, 131-5 

4908 qsWzyty) »» k^wrz^ 

4909 qsNvrzy(y) mrtyy M j^UlT 
ka/asawarze marti 

cultivator 

BBB 570 * 

4910 qsd'r- =» qst>r- 

4911 qsn M, C => ksn 1 

4912 ksn 1 M J^L^^Ui 
ko/asn (qsn) ©<karsn =»krsn 
appearance, shape 

GMS 496; STii 2.10-, Schwartz. HMV 393.8; qsny, 
BSTi 166; Gersh. JRAS 1946, 182; Sund. 1994, 
45 



4913 ksn 2 B f S«JisJ 
ksan <D<Skt. ksana -^ksn 

moment 
BSTBL, Dhy. 394 

4914 qsn'w C Uj 
ka/osna/au -^krsn'w 

beautiful 

BSTii 878.4: C2, 87V 4 

4915 qsnwstr C jl,j 
kasnaustar, kasnawstar 

more beautiful 

BSTii 851.11: C2, 12V11; qsn } wstr, Schwartz. 
HMV 392 

4916 kst- M, S, B j^f <j&f 
ka/i/ost (qst-) ©<*krst- ©pt. St. =»qst>r-, qs- 
GcOsow 

GMS 147; pp. Anc. Lett. 3.22 

4917 qst- C =» kst- 

4918 kst'k B 
kSste (kstyy) =*kysty(y) 
seed, sown 

TSP 2.1019; Vim. 11, BSTBL; BBB 570 alO 

4919 qst'r- C j^if 
kasSar, kastar (qst-, qsd'r-) ©<*qst9 y r ©trans. 

pret. st. =»qs- 



r*" 



t4zj£ iC 



Oo)sow 

STi 48.22, 47.17; S W, C2, 54R26 n p97; BSTii 
89526 

4920 kst'ych B cJ^iJjz£f 
kasti/ec (qystyc, kstyc) =»kystyc 

field, cultivation 

TSP 3.213, 11.28; loc. -y, TSP 7.141 

4921 kst'yckr'k B Jjy.<tJj<J&^ 
kostic- kare (kst'yckr'y) ^kst'ych 

farmer 

Frag. 2a.8, 17, 21; abl. -\ Frag. 2a.ll ; GMS 989; 
BBB p72, 570 

4922 kst'yckr*y =* kst ) yckr»k 



l»s 



JJ '^JJj 



,utT 



4923 kst'yckry' B 

kostic-karya 

agriculture, sowing, cultivation, tillage 

O 1 17: Frag. Len. 92.17 

4924 qstr C =» kstr- 

4925 kstr- B, M, S ^jf ^ ^ <j^r/ 
kastar (qstr) ©<*kasista-tara ©pi. -f } ; ace. 

-w; ob. pi. -ty =»kstr 
smaller, smallest 
GMS 1280, 1300; Frag. Len. 44.6; STi 26.3, 13.2; 

Sund. AoFiii 1975, 76; pi. qstrt\ C2, qstrw, 87 

VI 1, 18; CII, 1990 G4; >yw kstr, TSP 11.35 

"smaller one" 

4926 kstyc => kst'ych 

4927 kstyy M =» kst>k 

4928 ksy M * (u>> >^ jj)^U < uyTi 
kasi/e (qsy, q9y) =>q0ry, k§ry, k55ryy, >k5ry 
now 

Hen. Tales. 47526; STi 52.8; Sund. AoFviii 1981 
p215 & etc.; STii 428 & etc.; BSTi 201, 251; 
BSTii: C2 gloss, n p65, 132.16 

4929 qsy C =» ksy 

4930 qsy> C tfJjJ ur 
kasya 

sowing 

C2, 52V 18 n p99, 100 

4931 kt 1 M, B (uj> s^ j>)S 
kat (qt 1 ) ©rei. pron^ conj. =>k5 

that, who 

GMS 1581, 1604, 1680; C2 gloss, n p66, 84, 184 n 

7 

4932 kt 2 M, B (Ojz* jjl, jjOUj <J l 
kat (qt 2 ) ©conj. ^kS* 



■■MMMMMH 



J 



197 



kt'r'tyh 



if, because 

GMS 1581 n3 ; VJ 1075, 1447 ktri "if we"; STi 
422, 44.3 6.45; C2 gloss. 

4933 qt 1 C -> kt 1 

4934 qt 2 C => kt 2 , k5 

4935 qt 3 M ^ 
kat =»kt>k, qty 1 

house 

GMS 365 n 1 

4936 kG ■* kn0 

4937 q9 C ^ 
ka9 ©ob. -y ; pi. -/ ()> ^kn5(h), kn9 

city r 

GMS 340, 496, STi 5.3, 8.7; Sund. AoFi 1974, 

241.2, 8R2 ; STii 1.16, 4.40; qOu STi 47.8, 11; 

qdt\ STii 1.22; C2 gloss. qOy, 60R26; q6t\ 

1V10.11R33 

4938 kt- -> qt- 

4939 qt- C ^/oj^ 
ko/rt (kt-) ©<krta- ©pt. St.; trans. & intrans. 

^qtym, qtys, qty 3 , qtyst\ qt'nt, q6 } r-, qt'wn-, 

>krt-, krt-, qt >: , q^nt, kwn- 
Go)do, (^)become 
GMS 148; inf. qty; pp. kt(w)/kt } /qty, C2 p207, 

230; AVS 99n 1 

4940^10 B (u>>>^ J j) r ^yw r ur 

katam (kt'm) ©<Av. katama ^qt'm'Sy, 

qt'nVySyy, kS'm 
what, whichever 

GMS 59, 1536 f 1553; kt>mw* Anc. Lett. 2.10; VJ 
532 

4941 qt* 1 C L 
kata ©conj. ^kS* 

or 

C2 gloss. 

4942 qt> 2 C »j> 
©pp. =*kwn-, krt-, qt- 

done 
STii 4.4 

49 *3kt>k B ^^ 

kate (qtyy, kt>y) ©loc. kt'ky =»>yskth, J3ntkt>k, 

qty 1 , qt 3 
house 
TSP 16.35 ; SCE 177; BSTBL, Dhu. 120 

4944 kt>m B, M, S -> kt»m, k5>m 

4945 qt>m => k6>m 



4946 q^m C {Jit tfrf :cMJ)j& jU^j'j^ 
kaOam ©pL -t 

city-wall 

Benv. J A 1955, 329; C2, 22V 13, 23R4 n p59 

4947 qt'm^y M <$>«u-*> 
katam-a5e =^kt»m, qt'm'ySyy 

whoever 

BBB 545; GMS 1553 

4948 qt'm'yByy M tjn^j* 
katam e5e -^q^m'Sy 

whoever 

BBB p68, 545; GMS 1553 

4949 qt'nt C 

(qtnt) ©3pl. =»qt- 

STii 5.43, 6.34; C2, 61R 18 

4950 qt'ny C .Lf <ju>* 
kotani, oktani ^'kt'nyy 

sin, evil deed 

STi 60.6, 81.14; S W, AO 1981, 16 

4951 qt>nyqVc C j&uf (jj) 
kotani-karc ©f, adj. ^kr^nyk'rch 

sinner 

BSTii 842.9; C2, 68R9 

4952 qt'nyq'ry C ^(f 
kotani-kare (qt*nyqry) ©ace. -rw\ voc. -r } ; pi. 

-t; ob. pi. -ryty ^qt'nyk'ry, 'krt'nykVk 
sinner 
GMS 1125; C2 gloss.; BSTi 87, 319, 287; STi 

68.21; Sund. AoFiii p68-9 

4953 qt'nyqry =» qt'nyq'ry 

4954 kt'r B, M, S (jy> >^ j^o^r tj\ <U <U 
katar ©<Av. katara 

whether, either, or 

GMS 1514, 1581; SCE 356 ; kt>rw y VJ 303; BSTBL, 

Vaj. 2.4, Dhy. 20; Anc. Lett. 2.57; Wrwt, TSP 

2.984; GMS 118 

4955 qt>r- => q0>r-, kS>r- 

4956 q8'r- C &J 
kaGar OkS'r- qt'r-) ©<*krt6ar <krtudar- 

©trans, pret. st. ^krtwS'r-, kwn-, wn- 1 , krt-, 
k5>r-, qt- 

(to)do 

GMS 167, 279, qtwS'n C2 p230 ; 3sg. pret. qt\ 
STii 3.23, 1.26 

4957 ktVtyh M jf <j\ 
kat/9artya ? 



J* J* 



Z— Jl a 



>ktyPr } yk 



jf 



X 



/ 



kt'rwt 

action 

Hen. Sogdica. 29.9a 

4958 kt»rwt B -+ kt>r 

4959 kG'ry => qO'ry, kS'r'k 

4960 qB'ry C ^ 
kaGare (kS'r'y) 

belly, stomach 

BSTii 826.37: C2, 94V7 ; Benv. JA 1959, 132 

4961 qt't C -» q8>r- 

4962 ktWntk S 
katawant/de 
husband 
Anc. Lett, iii 9 \ 

4963 qt'wn- C 
kotawan ©pot. st. *»qt- 
(to)bc able 
C2 gloss. p2l3 

4964 kt»y B => kt'k, qty 1 

4965 kt>ypryh S 
kateftarya (ktypryk, ktypryh) 
worldly, earthly 

Sund. KG 184, 502; MSP bl91 

4966 ktn> B -* kt\ n> 

4967 qtnt -> qt>nt 

4968 kGry -* qGry, k55ryy, k6ry 

4969 q8ry C JU*j/l 
kaGre, kase, kosi (qsy, k6ry) =»ksy, k8ry, >k5ry 
now 

STi 34.5; C2 gloss, n p65; qOy % BSTi 157, 213 etc. 

4970 ktsknSpry S -u«£i^Upl 
katskand-6pare 

whose doors has been smashed 
Schwartz. STSC 138 

4971 qtskndm'nky* M ^^ juai <c*l *>^ 
katskand-manakya 

destructive intention 

BBB p63, 521; Sogdica. 34.5; CMS 365 n 1 ; 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 137 

4972 ktsknt'k S (y/^^jl^j 
kat-skande (qtsqnty, ktskntk ) =»qsqnty 
ruined, waste 
C2, 83V8 n pl63 ; BBB 521; Sogdica. 34.5; GMS 

365 n 1; Frag. Len. 83 b5 ; ktsknty, Gersh. 
Sogd. Cpds. 137 
kntk -» ktsknt'k 

C «> ktsknt'k 







198 



4975 qtsndy M ^'>^Uj 
kat-s(k)ande =»qsqnty, ktsknt'k 

destruction 

BBB 521; GMS 472, km "house"* skand 

4976 qBwiyq' C ^JylT 

kaGulika 

catholic 

C2, 56R31: BSTii 903.29 

4977 qtwr C ^U.J-j 
k(o)tur ®<kutn <Skt. gotra =*kwt>r 
descendent 

STii 1.66; GMS 427 

4978 qty' C ^ 
katc (kt'y, ktyy) =»Pntkt'k, 'yskth, kt } k, qt 3 
house 

Sund. Al 28, 1988, 182, qtyw mrYy "cock" 

4979 qty 2 C ^^^J t^<j£ 
kotc, ktc, okte, koti ©pp.; pi. -/ ^'krty*, >kty>, 

'krt'y, sPrqty 
deed, done 
STi 78, II; GMS 835; Sund. AoFi 241.3; C2, 12V 

2, 55V21, 22R15 

4980 qty 3 

koti ©3sg. intrans. pret. =»qt- 
GMS 864; C2, 40V 5 

4981 qGy C =» qGry, ksy 

4982 qty' C J-"X 
kotya, oktya ©pi. qtyt\ ob. pi. qtyty =^ > krty\ 

'krt'y 
action, work, deed 
C2 gloss.; STi 14.20; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 215 

4983 kty^syws S ^ ^yjj^jT 
kate-fsyaus 

housemaster 

MDii; Hen. AION 1965, 44n4 

4984 qty>q C =» kty»k(h) 

4985 kty'kS^'y B jl^ 
katyak-5are ©voc. -<5V 

householder 

Vim. 126, 60, BSTBL; GMS 1136 

4986 kty>k(h) B, S J^^\y\^c<^ 
katyak (qty>q) ©ob. ~y(h) 

household 

TSP 2.1064; Hen. Tales. 486, 5.9; ob. -yh t TSP 

16.19; BSTBL, Dhy. 5, 165; C2, 57V17, 24 n 

pi 22: BSTii 905, 17,24 




I 



4987 qty'wy C c^UxJ^jT 
ka/rtyawc 

doing, creation 

S W, C2, 5R29; ace. -w, 87R11 n p52 

4988 ktypr'yk M j^^ JJt jf 
katc-Parik (ktyPryk) =»kt'ypryh 

worldly 

Hen. Talcs. 470.53; BBB 71, 567; ob. -y, GMS 

994, 1131; Gcrsu. Sogd. Cpds. 138, 

kate+ftar-ik 

4989 ktypryh -* kt'yPryh 

4990 ktyPryk *± kt'ypryh, ktypr'yk 

4991 qtym C ¥ 
kolcm ©lsg. intrans. prct. =»qt- 
STti 22; STL 67.17 

4992 qtys C 

kotc/is ©2sg. intrans. prct. ->qt- 
STii 6.47; STi 47 ; GMS 863; C2, 51V7 

4993 qtyst' 

kotcsta ©2pl. intrans. prct. =>qt- 
STi 44.4; GMS 867 

4994 ktyy M => kt'k 

4995 qtyy => kt'k 

4996 kw' M, S (oy> j~> >>\$>-<m^>>v <* 
ko (qw*, kww 1 ) =*k-, 'kw 1 , kV 

to, at, in, towards 

GMS 1629; S W, C2 gloss, n pi 49, 14-75; 

Sogdian kw and Slavonic ku, Sbornik IV, 

Moskva 1986, 116-21 

4997 kw 2 B.M.S (j^^^^V^^^ 
ku (qw 3 , kww 7 ) ©adv. postp. conj. =»'kw ? , k'w' 
where 

EGSii 151f ; GMS 1515, 1531; BBB 579; C2 gloss. 
& n p66 ; S W, Sogdian kw and Slavonic ku, 
Sbornik IV, Moskva 1986, 116-21 

4998 qw' M, C uU^<J> 
kaw (kw'yst) ©nom. qwy ; pi. kw (}) yst =»qwy 
giant, hero 

C2, 13V19; Hen. Giants. BSOAS 11, 70.5 

4999 qw 3 C -> k'w 1 , kw 1 

5000 qw 3 C «* kw 2 

5001 kvv'yst M =» qwy, qw 1 

5002 kwb B ^r 
ku/of ©<Av. kafa; Khwar. kfuk; Khot. kuva 
foam 

Mack. BSTBL, Dhu. 219 n p46 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 



I 



49 

5003 kwc' M, S jU* 
kuca (qwe' 1 ) ©Khot. kusda; <*kauzdaci-a-ka 

©f. n. ; ob. qwey ^kwc'kOi) 
mouth 
STi 30.3, 31.17, 48.18; GMS 973, 1265; BBB p62, 

518; W-Li 94; Frag. Lcn. 37.5; kwey* C2 gloss. 

S W, BSOAS 1983, 47 

5004 qwe" M, C =* kwc* 

5005 q\vc JI C ^U^ 
kuca =4kwrts'r 

where 

BSTi 159; GMS 461 n 1; "whither" C2 n p66.67 

5006 kwc'k(h) B, M, S jUu^ 
kuca(k) ©f. n. ; ob. -y(h) =»kwc> 

mouth, beak 

VJ 1103; SCE 327; BSTBL, Dhy. 25; TSP 2.457, 
806; STii 10.4; Frag. Lcn. 37.7; kwc>kyh, TSP 
3.295; Jfcwc'y, Frag. Lcn. 84a 10; kwcy'kK S W, 
HJ 1976; Frag. 18.6, p63n 71; Jkwcy, Frag. Lcn. 
37.5 

5007 kwc'n'k S (^ >> jr^)0^-_^ >' s^r/' 
kucanc (kwc'nth) ^'kwc'n'yC/b'k) 
{inhabitant <?/)kuchan 

MDii p96, 97nl2 

5008 kwc'nth => kwc'n'k 

5009 qweyzprty* M (^ yC j^J j^jk^)o^ ^*\ 
kucc-zpartya 

purity of moulhiMani's fourth commandment) 
BBB; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 139; W-Li, ii: Gropp. 
p40 

5010 kwS 1 B, M -(T^jUitr 
ko5a, kuS(a) ^'kwd* 

until 

GMS 1581; Hen. Tales. 476.4 

5011 kwS'ynty B {«*&. cJT ^y)*xt 
ku5e/ynde/e ? ©<Skt. kudana; <*kudantaka 
cangue(flrt instrument of torture) 

Benv. TSP 1065; Hen. Texts. 724 

5012 kwSprm => 'kw5prm 



5013 qwds> C 
quds(a) ©<Syr, 
consecration 
C2 gloss. 

5014 kwywn'k M 
kuyune (qwywnyy) 



u~i 



-U7 i^S 



j? 



(j^y>/ j~d^~J &#* fO 







■^i 


qwywnyy 




200 


{name of a)demon 


VJ 437 & etc. 




Hen. JRAS 1944, 37, 138.27, 142.11 


5027 kwntk B 


iS>, 'S* 



ok j? <vXu <&y i^ 



^ytajlS iJ&Jij tCJU iji^l 



5015 qwywnyy -* kwywn>k 

5016 kwjp M 
kuzp/b «*kwzp 
capable, zealous 
GMS 1082 

5017 kwjpy'k M 
kuzbyak (qwjpy*k) 
zeal 

BBB p86, 727; GMS 510, 1110 

5018 qwjpy*k -» kwjpy'k 

5019 kwm'r B Dl^r-i^> 
kumar ©<Skt. kumara\ Parth. kwrrtr ©ob. - (>) y 
young man 

TSP 5.8, 9.5, 17 etc.; BSTBL, Dhu. 176; Intox. 21; 
Vim. 9, 115 

5020 kwn- B, M, S ( jy> y^ jS)q>J 
kun (qwn-, kr-, qr-) ®<*krnu; OP kunau 

-^kyr- 1 , ^rt-, qt-, wn- 1 , krt- 
(/cOdo 
GMS 151, 538; EGSii 17; Benv. BSL 1954, 56f; 

Gersh. HMV pl72 n 32; S W, BSOAS 1983, 44 ; 

AVS 76, 99 n 1 

5021 qwn- M, C -» kwn- 

5022 kwnWHh) B •&J^<£>j**J&<olj J c** 
kunakar ©Skt. kutagara ©pi. -/ 

setu, platform, litter, planquin, parasol 
VJ 1258, 1421 n p98 ; Hen. Tales. 477 n 1 ; 

BSTBL, Dhy. 285; Frag. Len. 71.10, 11, 12; ob. 

-y, 71.11; Bailey. BSOAS 11, 795 

5023 kwncyk M 
kun-cik -^wn'yck* 
due to make 
Hen. Tales. 474, 7b ; GMS 1018 

5024 qwn8yryh M 
kunSayre ? ©<Skt. 
pond, water hole 
Sogdica. 31, 3b, p32 

5025 kwnt'sc C 
kuntac ? ©f. adj. 
sinner 
Sund. AI 28, 1988, 182 

5026 kwnt'yk B 
kuntik ©<Skt. kundika 
jug 



^yJ^ Ijbj' 



jvbijtri 



J&kfc 



Oj 



>jj? 



kundag ©<Av. kunda\ Pahl kundiv; Parth. 

akundag 
demon, fairy 
TSP 6.197 n p207 ; Hen. Texts. 733; kwn>y y MSP 

b35, 116 

5028 qwnyny C >xS i{ y* 
kunene ©pres. part. 

doer 

STii 3.14; GMS 891 

5029 qwnysq C *xS iJ/4 
kunisk ©pres. part. 

doer 

BSTi 268; Gersh. JRAS 1946, 182 ; GMS 897A 

5030 qwpwdyc =» qwpwtyc 

5031 qwpwtyc C j^f 
ku/apote/ic (qwpwdyc) ^kp'wt'ych, qpwtyc 
pigeon, dove 

STi 61.13; GMS 1010; pi. qwpwtysU STi 6-9; 
GMS 1186 n 1; Sund. AoFi 1974 p250.9 

5032 kwr' B, M ,/ 
kor (qwr) ©ob. -y ; pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty ^kwr>k 
blind 

SCE 367; VJ 50, 77, 124; TSP 3.73, 8.119; BSTBU 
Dhu. 181, Dhy. 184; Frag. Len. 105.2; BBB bS9i 
' KG 522; STii 126; BSTi 139, 218; C2, 23R30 

5033 kwr 2 S ^ 
kur ©<*kuru 

child 

Sund. KG pi 84, pi. kwrt\ 2056 

5034 qwr C => kwr 1 

5035 kwr>k B 
kore ©in compd. ^sMvkw^k, kwr 1 
blind 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 145, 2 

5036 qwrbn* C 

kurbana ? ©<Syr. 

Eucharist 

C2, 54V30 

5037 qwrcw'dy C 
kurc- wa8e ©ace. qwrcw y dw 
refuge 

BSTii 884.3, 885.6; S W, C2, 39V10-11, 48V6. 
' pl84.10, 11.51R6 

5038 kwrS'k M, S (^J^J^)^j% 



,/ 



JiJ 



y 



U«.&^ 



I 



M^m^mkimmmHumummmmiuji 



JjjjT 



*o*7 jj <f -^ 



^T^U- <U*;7 <lpt$" 



kur5/6e (qwrty, kr8>kh) ©<Av. kdrzti 

=»qwrGy 
shirt 
GMS 992, 1674; Benv. Notesiv 513; MDii A-5- 

11 

5039 kwr5(5) M, S <T^U-<b*r 
kurG ©<ku0ra =»qwrG, 'kwrSCS) 

where 

GMS 440, 1517, 1557; MSP ; KG 

5040 kwrkwnph B y$<x*b\y*-j<{£J' 
kurkumb ©<Skt. kurkuma 

saffron 

TSP 3.173,271 3 

5041 qwrm'nyyh M 
kor-mane 
blind-hearted 
Sogdica. 55.13 n p57 

5042 kwrt B 
kfirt? 

swollen, goitrous 
SCE 125 

5043 qwrD C 
kurG ©adv. -»kwr5(8), »kwr8(8) 
where 

C2, 12V 1, 26R7 n p66 ; BSTii 850.1 

5044 kwrts'r B U;7*ur 
kurtsar Okwrts'r, kwts*r) =*qwc> 2 

where 

VJ 774; EGSii 152 ; GMS 301, 1534 

5045 kwrty B (Oj-L* ^jjj* 
kurti ©<Skt. koti -*kwtty 

ten million 
TSP 7.14 

5046 qwrty =¥ qwrGy 

5047 qwr8y C i^J^J')^^ 
kurGe (qwrty) ©Knot, kuratu; Oss. kurat ©pi. 

-/ =^kwr8*k 
shirt, tunic 
STi 5.9; STii p586, 5.27 ; BSTi 915; BSTii 905.23; 

C2, 57V23; Bailey. Vasta AO 1966, 39 ; Sund. 

AoFiii 1975, 85n 146 

5048 kws' B, M, S is <*£<*/ 
kos (kws, qws) ©Arm. koys; Parth. kos ; 

patgos; MP pdygos ©ob. -y =^pw kws kyr } n 
corner, side, limit 
VJ 19 b ; TSP 3.48 n pl03 ; Hen. Tales. 466.5, 20; 



C2, 25R20, 21 

5049 kws 2 B J^'sS 
kus ©Khotfafca 

drum 

BSTBL, Dhu. 216, 272; Frag. Len. 93.17; Bailey. 
Prolexis. 52; S W, BSOAS 1979, 134-5 

5050 qws C -> kws 1 

5051 kws'k B Jx,JjiJ*&/ 
kose (kws'y) 

with angle 

TSP 3.162; ctfi'r kws>y, BSTBL, Padm. 28 "four 
corners" 

5052 kws'y =» kws } k 

5053 kws kws B J>><ua<JsI>i 
kos-kos 

all sides 

VJ 19\ Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 143.4 

5054 kws -* kws 1 

5055 kws'n M &>/ 
kusan ©ob. -y 

Kushan 

KG 400; Hen. Varucan-sah p87, kwPny ? 

5056 kws»nyk w S &S(<>*t>j-^)*J£>J 
kusanik -^kws'nyk 

(o/)Kushan 

MDii A-5,4,8 pl83.4 ; MDiii p95, kwfnk 

5057 qwsy -» qws(y) 

5058 qws(y) C ( i s>j*O^J*<J^ 
kos, kuse, kusi ? (qwsy) 

side, flank 

STi 78.3, 79.4 ; BSTi 228, loc. qwsy } ; BSTii 886.15: 

C2, 51V15; Benv. J A 1943-5, 104; Gersh. Sogd. 

Cpds. 73; S W, BSOAS 1979, 134 ; C2 p98.15 

5059 kwt M JL 
kut (qwt) ©nom. sg. & pi. kwty(y) =^kwt-(y) 
dog 

BBB 766; GMS 1186; C2, 102R 21, 51R28 

5060 qwt =* kwt 

5061 kwt>r S, B, M _^foUt-<J? 
kut(a)r (qwtr, kwtr) =»qtwr 

race, family, lineage 

Sogdica. 64.13-, W-Lii ; TPS 3.216, 8.177; kwttr, 

TSP 2.547, 642; BSTBL, Vim. 108; Dhu. 27; 

GMS 483n 1, 1278; STi 43.17; STii 5.6; BSTi 86, 

qwtry 

5062 kwtr =» kwt>r 



i 



qwtr 



202 



5063 qwtr C -► kwt'r 

5064 kwtr'k =4 kwtr>y 

5065 kwtr'y B .J^(* V- ^) ^ly*. 
kutre (kwttr'k, kwtr>k) 

(related /<?)family 

TSP 2.30, 8.167, 171, 16.22; kwttrCkh TSP 2.547; 

BSTBL, Dhu. 25, 163, 219; f. adj. kwtr'nch, 

Frye 5 

5066 kwts'r S(MD) =» kwrts>r 

5067 kwttr'k ^ kwtr>y 

5068 kwtty B dj^^tjjj' 
ku/rti =*kwrty 

crore, ten million 

BSTBL, Dhy. ; TSP 2.179, 8.107 

5069 kwty =* >kwt-(y), } kw(-)ty 

5070 kww' *» kw l 

5071 kww 2 -» kw 2 

5072 qwy M, C, S ^o ^yU oy j*)£ <ol^ T «lAo«S <6y- 

kawi (kw*yst) ©<Av. kavi ^qw 1 

giant, hero 

Hen. BSOAS 11.53f ; C2, 13V19; Benv. JA 1959, 

128; BSTii 886.5 pi. kw (>) yst "giants" GMS 1186; 

Hen. BSOAS 11,70.15,68.12 

5073 qwy'q C JjM^J^ 
kawyak ©f. n. 

heroism, bravery 
C2, 66V 16, 68V 6 

5074 kwyc -» *k>wc- 

5075 qwynt C ^k 
k(u)wint ? -»qywnt 

to that 

STii 125 p586; GMS 411, 1463 

5076 kwyst'yc B ? «LubL!{G)jb^(«u U^y) 
k(u)wistec ©kuist <kuinst <*kuinct <*kuncit 
(related /o)sesame or hemp 

TSP 2.892 n pl80 ; Hen. Texts. 734; kwync\ CII 
1990 B9 

5077 kwyt S(AL)-* qwynt 

5078 kwzp,B Jli«^V<JS,j<jli£* 
kuzp/b (kwzp) ^kwjp 

active, zealous 

TSP 3.65 n pl97 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 200 

5079 kwzp =* kwzp 



5080 kwzpVy ,B jl^.ciU.jUK 
kuzpawe 

zeal, energy 

BSTBL, Dhu. 67; Benv. Notesi 41, Notesii 219 

5081 kwz(z) B $J 
koz ©<Av. kauzda\ Khot. kuysa 

crooked, hunchbacked 
SCE 94, 317; Bailey. Prolexis. 50; -kwz } k (in 
compd. ) 

5082 ky B, M, S (o^ y^> y)J ^^S «£7 «T 
ke (qy, kyy) ©<*ka(h)ya; Av. ko ©rel. pron 4 

interrog. pron.; particle; conj. =^ } ky 
who, that, which, he who, that which 
EGSii 131; GMS 402, 1503-7, 1581; S W, C2 

p214 n p84.4 ; kfty, kyy Hyy % "who", GMS 

1506, 1523 

5083 qy C =* ky 

5084 ky> B,M,S Jrf^i&itf 
kya (kyy\ >kyZY, qy>) ©*kahya- ^>ky 

who, which, whose 

GMS 1450, 1508; BBB 758; TSP 5.18; STii 1.49; 
BSTBL, Dhu. 88; -ky y wt, Anc. Lett. 2.49 

5085 qy> C, M -» ky> 

5086 ky'ty -» qyt 

5087 kyc B (^r^W jU^g/ 
kec 

stupefied, giddy 

Benv. TSP 6.193 n p207; "movement" Hen. Texts. 
733 

5088 kyc>kh B 
kicak ? ©Skt. kita 
worm 
SCE 166 

5089 ky8py B 
kiOPe ? ©<*ka0wiya- t Av. kaOwa 
bat 
TSP 13.20; SW, IIJ 1976,59 

5090 kySprm B 
keSparm ? 

whoever 
TSP 17.35 

5091 kySrp B 
kiOrop, kisp ? ©<*krsw ^'kySrp 
form 
BSTBL, Vim. 108; Hen. Texts. 721; GMS 141 n I 



Pf 



J^ 



f^> 



fW<jfc 



M* 



203 



kysn*k 



Cf- U 



I 



5092 kym'nt B 
kimand (qymnt) =*k- 

to the, to this 

EGSii 129; GMS 1404, 1490; VJ 947, C2 gloss. 

5093 qymnt C =» kym'nt 

5094 qymG* C c^U<^l^j 
resurrection 

C2, 55R25, 57V 10 

5095 kymyS M ^k 
kime8/G (qymyS) =»k- 

to this 

GMS 1485; C2 gloss.; BSTii 893.24, 32 

5096 qymy6 C =* kymyS I 

5097 qyn C -> kyn(h) 

5098 kyn'k B ^* 
kinak <£><*akinaka\ GK aklnakes 

sword 

TSP 6.7 n p202 ; BSTBL, Vim. 136; Prolexis. 84 

5099 kynWwytk M, S ^ j» ^ > «S uy* 
kcn-osuydc ~»kyn(h) 

free from hatcrd 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 148; Sogdica. 60.10 

5100 kynpr B j^j/oj^ 
kenPar 

hating, vengeful 

BSTBL, Padm. 36; GMS 1131 

5101 kynpry> B mjS <*&*? 
ken(3arya 

vengeance, hatred 
TSP 9.120 

5102 kyn(h) B, M <^<j/ 
ken (qyn) ©<Av. £ae/ia ©ob. -yh 

^kyn^ws^vytk 
vengeance, hatred 
GMS 120; TSP 2.1186 ; BBB bl7 ; Sogdica. 60.10; 

STii 6.4.35; Frag. Len. 52.7; -/t, TSP 2, 169, 

13.12; kynyh, TSP 2.196 

5103 kynp> B J&*JZ 
kinapa, kimba <U<Syr. gnp\ <Akk. qunnapu 
hemp, flox 

TSP 2.1019 n pl82 ; Hen. Texts. 724 

5104 kyr-J B, M Ooi^l 
kir ©<*krya ©pass. st. ^wn- 1 , kwn-, >krt- 
0o)be done 

GMS 540; VJ 64; TSP 2.843; SCE 552; STii 10.4; 
AVS76 



5105 kyr- 2 B -^T 
ker ©<Av. karaya =»qs-, kst- 

(to)sow ' 

GMS 540 n 1- BSTBL, Vim. 30, kyr\ 2sg. pres. 
subj. ; AVS 104 

5106 kyr M n B =* kyr>n, kr»n 

5107 qyr"n M =* kyr>n 

5108 kyr'n B, M, S (j^^j^^^/ 
kiran (kyr*n, kyr*nh, qyr>n) ©<Av. karan 

=»nykr } n, *pw kyr'n, nymy5 kyr'n, } ws*y kyr'n, 

xwrtxyz, xwrsn qyr'n, p J sy kyr'n 
side, direction 
GMS 111, 244; VJ ; TSP; SCE; BSTBL; BBB; 

MDii; Frag. Lcn. ; MSP bl46 ; W-Li, ii: Gropp. 

p40 ; C2 gloss.; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 28R8 pl99 ; 

Hen. Cosm. 312.88; BSTBL, kyr>nw, Dhy. 285; 

Vaj. 18; kyr'nK VJ 33 b ; JfcyrVz, Dhu. 58, 148, 

293; qr>n t C2, 94R6 n pi 67.6 

5109 qy^n M, C -> kyr'n 

5110 kyr>nh =* kyr'n 

5111 qyrm C *> kyrm- 

5112 kyrm- B, M, S > 
kirm, kirm (qyrm) ©<Skt. krmi ©nom. ob. -y; 

inst. - J ; ace. -w\ pi. qyrmyst 
snake, worm 
GMS 140, 512; TSP 2.1042, 1072, 1073, 1077, 

3.83, 135, 247, 6.9; SCE 118, 233, 324; Frag. 

2a.3, 16 ; BBB b90 ; MSP p47 ; C2, 51V 12, 

57V32-, kyrm\ SCE 145, 358; kyrmw, TSP 13.18 

5113 kyrmpwn S j^ r 'j>- «j^ ^^ 
kirm-pun 

snake hole 

Frag. 2a.l2; Benv. Notesii 49 

5114 kyrmnyy M a >j^J' l y>J' 
kirmne 

cankered, woxmediworm-eaten) 
Sogdica. 34.24; Hen. Cosm. 307.33 

5115 qyrmyr C yj^^ 
ki/armir, kormir ^krnVyr 

red 

BSTii 878.4: C2, 87V4 

5116 kyrmyr => krnVyr 

5117 qyrmyst C =^ kyrm- 

5118 kysn'k B ^^j^^'J^" 
kisne, kisnak ? (kysny) ©ob. -yh 

jungle, luxuriant, dense 



kysny 



204 



TSP 2.810-11; Sogdica. p29 n 1; GMS 1056; 
BSTBL, Vim. 31, Dhu. 257; Bailey. Prolcxis. 47 

5119 kysny B -* kysn>k 

5120 kysr S ^J 
kesar (qysr) 

Caesar 

Hen. Tales. 478; KG 451, 466; STii 4.2, 20, 26, 29 

5121 qysr C «► kysr 

kesarkan 

(a kind of )coin, denarius 

STi 36.4; GMS 1063; C2, 69V 14 

5123 kys- B, M d^ ^iT 
ki/9S ©inf. -*y 

GcOdecrease 

TSP 7.82; STii 9.16, 18; GMS 953, 1585; Hen. AM 
1952, 203.3 

5124 kysp B, M ^ 
kisp ©<lcarsvar\ Parth. qysfr 

country 

GMS 241; >flt-kysp ( >\ TSP 3.207; -kyspyh, GMS 
147 

5125 kysph B j^*c^JV 
kis(a)p ©<Av. kasyapa 

tortoise 

SCE 157, 353; GMS 192 

5126 kystyc M c~if tjjzif 
ko/iste/ic, kistlc (qystyc) ©ob. -y ^kst'ych 
field, cultivated field 

BBB 570; GMS 147, 1010 

5127 qystyc =* kystyc 

5128 kysty(y) S, M jf 3 c^f t ^s <>L <o^T 
kiste =»kst>k 

field, planting 

BBB 570; Frag. Len. 29.5, 343, pi. kystyt 

5129 qysyk M JbJ*,>T 
kesik ©<Av. tkaesa ©pi. -f; ob. pi. -ty 
heretic 

GMS 995, 1406; Sogdica. 5.8 

5130 qyt C £^ \£ 
ket (ky'ty, qy9) ©rel. pron. 

who, which 

STii 6.20, 44; C2 gloss, n p66.21 ; GMS 1506 

5131 qy9 «* qyt 

5132 kyty =* >kyty 



jf4<U>* 



V^ ' cK J « $yf 



5133 qyw C 
ki-yu 

lo it, to thai 
C2 gloss.; Bcnv. JA 1951, 321 

5134 kyw } n B, M 
k£w<in 
Saturn, Saturday 

TSP 22.5, 6, 9, 10, 12, n p234 ; BBB 724; Hen. 
Tales. 484 
5U5 kyw>6 B, M,S oT ^>-* <oT .-»>* 

ki/ywe/yS ? (qywyd, kywy5) «»k- 
to it, towards it 

VJ 830, TSP 2, 200; GMS 1404; Frag. Len. ; MDii ( 
C2 gloss, n pi 16 

5136 kywnt => k- 

5137 qywnt C jT^ 
kiwand (qywnO) ^kym'nt, qwynt, k- 

to him, to it 

STii 2.12; 1.25; GMS 411; C2 gloss. 

5138 kywyS =* k-, kyw*y8 

5139 qywyd C ^ kyw*y8 

5140 qywn8 =¥ qywnt 

5141 kyy M -» ky 

5142 kyy' M ^ ky> 

5143 kyy >tyy M -» ky> ,, 

5144 kyZY B, S =* ky» 

5145 qz C tjy* 
kaz *»kj, krz 

miracle 
STii 3.70 

5146 KZNH B,S (oj* j^ j>)f j&j <&* &J* 
cano, maS, canu (w>nw) ©Idg. ^cWw, m'5, 

c'n'kw, w'n'kw 
as, like, as if, so 
VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; STii; MD ; Frag. Len. 



5147 V B, S (^ 

ne, na (5*) ©non. pro. particle-, privative and 

neg. pref.; Idg. =*n\ ny 
not, no 

5148 V w mtyc B c^ 
na amtec 

untrue 



Uijl** 



^mmmmmmm 



* 



205 



BSTBL, Dhy. 274 

5149 V »zy' B •J&JjosM 

naazya ->n> VytCk) 

without Tcbirthinon-birth) 
SCE 563 

5150 L> 'spt'k B ^UwJ.lTu 
nS-spate 

notcomplete 

SCE 368; L>sptsr6»k t SCE 14 "not of full age"; 
GMS 1156 

5151 L^spwrnw B ^ < J^U 
na-spurn(u) 

incomplete 
SCE 278 

5152 Vpr -► P>r 2 

5153 V pyrt B ^U 

na pen 

unobtainable 

BSTBL, Dhu. 292 

5154L 1 yrPyny S .lf7ti<uWs 

na-yarPene -^n'yrPyny 
ignorant 

CII 1990 E4 

5155 LVm -» rfqta 

5156 L } m'n'ntk B o*Li,jjJb 
na-manande 

dissimilar, not alike 
SCE 12 

5157 L* nymz'y B j^jJljjjb 
na-nimizS ? (nymtfy) =4nymz- 

unblinking 
BSTBL, Vim. 201 

5158 L'r* 6wh B .IjOjO; 
na-ra0u 

nonpath 
BSTBL, Vim. 8 

5159 L> wyc'y B c^Jjju 
na-wece ? 

unagitated 

BSTBL, Dhu. 7, 13, 17 

5160 V zprt B <JU 
na=rzpart 

unpure 

BSTBL, Dhy. 268-9, 272, 275 



m>Y(h) 



5161 m- jtl 
m 0my\ m*-) ©<ima(m) ©end. demons, pron.; 

art. st. ^mw, my 2 , l myn\ 'my 7 

this, the 

GMS 1466, BBB pl28 ; S W, TPS 1994, 41-53 

5162 -m S, C y 
m (-m*) ©pers. pron. lsg. encl. ob. -nny\ mn\ 

-mPc, -mc, -m8 
me 
GMS 1346, Anc. Lett. 3.9, 12, } PZYm, 11 kSZYmi 

S W, C2 plOl, >tm 

5163 m^n -» m>n 

5164 mH -> m't 3 

5165 m> -* m>n> 

5166 m*- «4 -m, c'm', Vm* 

5167 -m* -» -m 

5168 m (,) (fla;^ i ^UJ*i j> ^U J/yCOjU^ *j>- 

ma 

imperfect prefix 
GMS 633-4; BBB pl28 

5169 m'pr- M j^yf 
mapar ©impf. -**Pr- 

(to)bring 
GMS 634 

5170 m'5 B, S (jy> >^ j->)J^ <,&*? <oy? 
ma6/9 ©<*hama-aOa\ Av. hamaOa ^KZNH, 

mb\ m>t\ W6 
thus, so that, as if 
GMS 397; EGSii 160; Lentz. STii 587 

5171 m^n C *>^ 
maSan ? ©*mddana 

leaven 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 23R 8, 9, 11 pl87 nl95 

5172 mYz- o>J'3*\'a>J'^3^ 
mayaz ©impf. =»*y >z "> Y 2- 

(to)begin 
GMS 612, 634 

5173 raW B,S U 
max (m'xw) ©pers. pron. lpl. nom. -^m'yw, 

nVx 1 
we 
TSP 8.176, 2.725; MD 

5174 mW B, S .U 



^^I^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^SSKSsKS^^S^^^^m^m^^^SA 




memm 



205 

BSTBL, Dhy. 274 

5149 V M zy> B 

na azya -^n* •^ytCk) 

without Tcbirthinon-birth) 
SCE 563 

5150 V 'spt'k B 
na-spate 
notcomplete 

SCE 368; Vsptsr8*k, SCE 14 "not 
GMS 1156 

5151 V 'spwrnw B 
na-spurn(u) 

incomplete I 

SCE 278 

5152 L'P'r -» P>r 2 

5153 V Pyrt B 
na Pert 
unobtainable 
BSTBL, Dhu. 292 

5154 L* yrpyny S 
na-yarPene ^n^rpyny 
ignorant 

CII 1990 E4 

5155 LVm -* n'q'm - 

5156 V m'n'ntk B 
na-manande 
dissimilar, not alike 
SCE 12 

5157 V nyroz'y B 

na-nimize ? (nymn'y) =»nymz- 

unblinking 

BSTBL, Vim. 201 

5158 V r> 8wh B 
na-ra9u 
nonpath 
BSTBL, Vim. 8 

5159 V wyc'y B 
na-wece ? 
unagitated 

BSTBL, Dhu. 7, 13, 17 

5160 V zprt B 
na-zpart 
unpure 

BSTBL, Dhy. 268-9, 272, 275 



m>Y(h) 



of full age"; 



t^a^ 



•if Tu <j& 



oaL— * o j-k 



0-> j*-xL jj-b 



•IjJjJj 



iiS j>- ojJy 



<_TlU 



m 



5161 ra- 



ni Omy\ m*-) (D<ima(m) ©encl. demons, pron.; 
art. st. =*mw, my 2 , 'myn 2 , *my 2 

this, the 

GMS 1466; BBB pl28 ; S W, TPS 1994, 41-53 

5162 -m S, C ^ 
m (-mO ©pers. pron. Isg. encl. ob. =»my\ mn } , 

-mPc, -mc, -m5 
me 
GMS 1346; Anc. Lett. 3.9, 12, >PZYm, 11 k6ZYm-> 

S W, C2 plOl, Hm 

5163 m w n => m>n 

5164 m M t => m>t 3 

5165 m' -» mW 

5166 m } - -» -m, dm\ Vm } 

5167 -Hi* -» -m 

5168 m (>) (ajuj^ilfijkj** jj^ j'y^)j , - L r i? ^*> ! r 
ma 

imperfect prefix 
GMS 633-4; BBB pl28 

5169 m'pr- M o^jT 
mapar ©impf. -**Pr- 

(to)bring 
GMS 634 

5170 m^ B, S (j>>>^ J j)j^<^o>r 
ma5/0 ©<*hama-a0a ; Av. hamaBa =*KZNH, 

m5 l ,-m > t 1 , ) m ) 5 
thus, so that, as if 
GMS 397; EGSii 160 ; Lentz. STii 587 

5171 m'dn C *>^>- 
maSan ? ©*madana 

leaven 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 23R 8, 9, 11 pl87 nl95 

5172 m'y'z- o^J'P-'^o^J'^J- 
mayaz ©impf. *»*y >z -» Y 2 - 

(to)begin 
GMS 612, 634 

5173 m'yih) 1 B, S u 
max (m'xw) ©pers. pron. lpl. nom. =^m } yw, 

m'x 1 
we 
TSP 8.176, 2.725; MD 

5174 iii'yOi)' B, S .U 



m'yw 



206 



•U^Ui- 



d^&x 



-*m>x 2 , YRX> 

moon, month 

GMS 1274 n 1 ; VJ 38, 363; TSP 6.147, 8.166; 
BSTBL; SCE 495; MDii; MDiii; m'YK TSP 
2.1234, 3.147; BSTBL, Dhu. 229, 231, 269; nom. 
m'Yy, GMS 970 n 1; Frag. Len. 52.14; rrixK KG 
591; rriYyK Intox. 35; -w, Vim. 129; Dhu. 229; 
-y, Dhu. 239 

SHSm'yw B,S (u^^^^U 

maxu OynVx, nVxw) ©<OP amaxam ^nVyCh) 1 , 

m'x 1 
we 
GMS 1375; VJ; TSP; BSTBL; STi 86.10; Frag. 

Len. ; MDii 

5176 m'yw pyyy B 
mSxu f3ayi -»m ) xPyyy 
Moon-god 
BSTBL, Vim. 129 

5177 m'ywnd- M 
mayund (nVywnt) ©impf. =**ywnt- 
(to)cover 
GMS 634; STi 16.8 

5178 m'ywnt C =* nVywnd- 

5179 m } Ywny S 
mayone ^my*wn, 'm'ywn 
all 
Karab. Insc. 35; STii p588 

5180 m>yz- S(M) 
maxaz ©impf. ^'yz-, >nxz- 
(to)rise 
Hen. Tales. 475.14 

5181 m'hjmnw M 
max/h -zamnu ©loc. m > h-jmnwy i ^m'xjmnw 
Monday 

GMS 63, 512n 1 

5182 mVn- M ^/ ^ 
makan ©impf. =**kn- 

(to)fill 

GMS 475, 634 

5183 m } kr S =* mkr> 

5184 m'qwc- M 
makoc ©impf. =»*qwc- 
(to)hang 
Hen. BSOAS 12, 312, 127 

5185 m'ms- M 
mams ©impf. =»*ms- 
(to)plough 



lA*< 



ij~+ K^^, 



V-^J" 5 



dF 9 "-* 1 



cpj*^ 



GMS 634, 687 

5186 m'h jj)(^>U j-> ^jj r ijjf t >*>")>^ <J* <cjj<j& 

man (m»n, m»nh) ©<*man ©ace. -w ; ob. - (>) y 
-►nVn'k, mWy, m>n prirtn, m>n prnVt'k 2 , 
cnnVny, myn, cnm'ny 
mind, spirit, heart, conscience 
m>ny y BSTBL, Dhu. 238, 288, Dhy. 104; TSP 
15.21; SCE 462, 487, 524; VJ 332, 394; C2 ; MSP 
d2 ; GMS 348; rrinK VJ 1243; Hen. Tales. 48(14 

5187 mWyd'k =* m ) ny»yd»y 

5188 m , n > M, C ^| 
mana (m0 ©f. pron. demons. -*m>n>k, 'mw, 

mys'nd, m'n'kh, m J nt 
this 
GMS 1402, 1466, 1473; BBB 560; Hen. Cosm. 

312.72; C2 

5189 mWk B,C .jl* <>;*>& 
mane ->*wm > n > k, mWy 

thought, opinion 
TSP 2.29 

5190 mWkh B j 
manak ©Hmam-naka ©demons, pron. & adj. 

^mW 
this 
BSTBL, Vim. 26, 182, Dhu. 56, 115 

5191 m'n'kw S, M J>uJ* 
manaku ^m ) n , wk (,) , m*nkw 

like, alike 

MSP b41, 46; KG 2055 

5192 mWnsk'fyy M JU^juTi^ 
man-anskafe 

split-minded(vv/i<9je mind has been split) 

GMS 918 

5193 mVnt'k B ^i*jJU 

manandg ©<*mdnantaka; Yaghn. mayanta 
alike, similar 

SCE 12; BSTBL, Dhy. 37 ; GMS 1068; Frag. Lea 
7R3, m y n>nty 

5194 m'nW B, S J^uJb 
manuk =*myn- 3 , nVnkw, nVnwk 

like, alike 

GMS 976 n 1 ; MSP b97 ; KG 371 

5195 m'n'y B ^ij^tjs 
mane (m'ny 1 ) ©nom. ace. gen. =4m'n, m'n'k 
thought, illusion 

VJ 29 c , 323, 382; TSP 15.21; SCE 462, 487, 524, 



cr*- 



-laj <<cuif 7 iais T 



^o& 



BSTBL; pi. m'nyu BSTi; C2 

5196 m'ncyk B, M 
mancik (m'ncyq) ^m'n 

mental, intentional 

TSP 6.45, 14.4, 15.6; BSTBL, Dhy. 96; GMS 1014, 

1235; BBB 601 ; Frag. Len. 7V4; STii 2.20; 

rrincykw* Padm. 53, BSTBL 

5197 m'ncyq M, C =$ nVncyk 

5198 m'nh B, M ^ m>n 

5199 m'nkw M juu 
manku ©<*manuk ^mWkw 

similar 

BBB pl03 ; Sogdica. p34.7, 8 ; GMS 423 ; KG pl77 ; 
MSP b41, 46 : 

5200 m'nky* M J^ 
man(a)kya ©in compd. ^wswYtm'n'ky', 

mndm'nky', jystm'nky'Ch) 
intention, mind 
BBB p75, 606, 67.541 

5201 m'np'ys- ? S 
manpes ? ©impf. -^np'ys- ? 
(to)copy 
Livsic. HMV 263 n36 

5202 m , n prm'n B 
man-parman ^prm'nh 2 
decision 
TSP 15.29 

5203 m'n prm't'k' S 
man-parmate 
mind 

Sund. MHC 97.14 

5204 m'n prmVk 1 B, S(M) ( C jj r iMt ^^f-^'tjj 
man-parmate =>m } ny prm'ty/k 

decision, intention 

TSP 3.205; KG 363, 600; m } n prw'yrt'y 
"conversion", Dhu. 180 

5205 m>n prm'tyy M, S ( CJJ r > c~-i r 0)*JV 
man-parmate 

mind, thought 

BBB 77n 1, 623; GMS 964; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 
1945, 148 

5206 m >nt B, C 
mand (m'ntO ©pi. demons, pron. ^m'n* 
these 
VJ 1268; STii 6.18; C2 ; GMS 1402, 1474 

5207 m^t' =* m>nt 



j~~y 



»t-*-^j t^t j 



o^ljl t^3 



\^_\ 



5208 m'nwk B, M ji, ^U 
manuk ©pi. -/ -^mWwk^, m'nwqy* 

similar * 

GMS 978; BBB 721; Hen. Tales. 473.17; STi 11.3, 

38.2; STii 1.94; BSTi 81.51; C2 ; m>nwkw, Frag. 

Len. 68.4 

5209 m'nwqy* C ^xjLa iC*&Lz< 
manukya ^nVnwk 

similarity 

STi 67.1; C2 ; Sund. AI, 1988, 180 

5210 m'ny 1 M JU 
man! (ym'ny) 

Mani 

GMS 1022; W-Li; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.48 

5211 m>ny 3 B, C «* mWk, m'n, m'n'y 

5212 m'ny'yd'y B U><sjjj)j*3jj j*/ 
manc-ayaSc (mWyd^k) ^cnl'mny 

wish jcv/G\(heart's wish) 
BSTBL n p53, 89 

5213 n^ny prm'ty/k B ,j\jt^^as 
manc-parmatc -^m'n prm't'k 7 

intention, thought 
SCE 317 

5214 m'nyst'n M, S jjm**^ 
manestan ©ob. -yy 

monastery 

GMS 1100; BBB f41 ; Frag. Len. 45.3; Gersh. 
Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 139 

5215 m'nyst'n 5'r'k S (j/j^^J^^c— > T-r - 
manaestan-Sare ©pi. - y kt, -yt 

abboiihead of a monastery) 
KG 347 pi 84 

5216 mVy- M o>/4-y 
mapay ©impf. ^'p'y- 

(to)take care 
GMS 634 



5217 m'pt- M 

mapat ©impf. =»mnpt- >npt- 

(to)fall 

GMS 633 



jjUal 



iJ^-^ 7 



5218 mVkh B 
marak 
soothsaying 

VJ 28 b ; TSP 6.195; GMS 346; +wn- "doing 
soothsaying" 

5219 mVkr'k B (^»J^j*j^ t 



m'r'nt'y 



208 



markare ©<*mantra-kara- ©pi. rtfrWyt 

-►ntfrki^y 
soothsayer 
SCE 263; GMS 346; VJ 59, 13 s , 9* 



f jS^i- iJ^Ajl t j*i/U 



JjTJ* *^Lp 



L?J ( > >-* 'f* 



5220 mVnt'y B 
marande ©pi. -t 

lamenting, sorry 
VJ 191; GMS 1068 

5221 mVwt C 
maraut ^mr'wt 
sorry, mourning 
BSTii 889.31; C2.60R31 

5222 m'r'wty' C | 
marautya 
sorrow 

BSTii 829.25, 84325; C2, 102R25, 68R25 

5223 m'rd'ny C oil <<JU, < v uT 
mar5ane (m , r5ny(y), m'rdn) ©<*man&ra-dana; 

MP m^y'ri; Parth. mHgd'n 
book, scripture 
STii 1.93; W-Li, ii 127, 568; C2 abl. -n\ pi. -nyu 

GMS 1117ABBB 

5224 mVdn -> mWny 

5225 m'rSnyCy) M =» m'rd'ny 

5226 m'rkr'y B 
©pi. -r ; ob. pi. -ty 
soothsayer 
VJ 59, 13\ 9 a ; Hen. Mittelir. p93 n 1 

5227 vafv m a ny =» nVr m'ny 

5228 m'r m'ny M, S 
mar(e)-mani (mry, m'r m'ny) =*mr m*ny 
Mar Mani 

Hen. Tales. 469, 41; Frag. Len. 83a 8, 68.2 

5229 mV S =» ms> 

5230 mVk B, S ^^yJL^ 
mase (m J sk) -^m's'y 

old man, old 

VJ-, SCE 31; Anc. Lett. 227; nom. ri^lcw, VJ 863 ; 
ace. VJ 837 

5231 mVy B, C <>-*o- 
mase (m'sy) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty ^m's'k 

old man, old 

VJ 1132; Frag. Len^C2 

5232 m'sk =* m>s>k 

5233 m'sy =* m^y 



\^S jUjjfjL^ i JUj 



^U a ^ 



cJ^T, 



\Sj*. 



jAj>~ *<^U Ijk&S' 



S^ 



5234 m'sy'g M (^)(^)c 
masyag ©Parth. rrtsfg ©ob. -yh 
Pisces 
Hen. AM 1952, 203.9, 203.1 

5235 m'syar S =» msydr 

5236 m'sy-sqwny C 

mase-skune ^m's'y 
old age 
C2, 39R14 

5237 m'skCh) B, M, S 
mase, mask (nVst'kh) ©ob. -y(h) =4m J tskh 
matter, substance 
TSP 2251, 261, 1622 n pl72; BSTBL, Dhu. 55, 

94, 95, 258, 259 ; BBB b7 dl6 f86 ; Frag. Len. 
39.7, 882; m>sq> BBB n 1, 4R24 bl7 ; W-Lii 
54724; Bailey. BSOAS 11, 796 

5238 m'skh S 
ma/osk 
musk 
Anc. Lett. 246 

5239 m'st'kh B => m>tskh, m'skdi) 

5240 m'st'y C =* mst'y- 

5241 n^sync- M 
masenc ©impf. =>*sync- 
(/o)pour 
GMS 634 

5242 m't' 

mat (nVt'nt, m'tyrn, nVtys) ©3sg. pret. ^wm't- 
was 

GMS 215, 603, 803; m y tym, lsg. pret.; m'tyl 2.sg. 

pret. m } t (y) nt, 3pl. pret. 

5243 m't 3 B, C ^'oyfj^ 
ma8/5 =»m } 5 

thus, so, as if, that 

GMS 397n 1 ; TSP 520, 23; STii 4.1 31, 628.42; 
C2 

5244 m't 3 M, C (o^ ^u, >>)>> 
mat (m»t, m J th) ©<*matar- ©f. n. ob. -y(h) 
mother 

GMS 940 

5245 m't'nt =* nVt 1 

5246 m'th B, S =» m't 3 

5247 m't ptry C ^jJIj , y, _, ^U 
mat-pitri ? ©pi. -t 

mother and father, parents 

BSTii: C2 ; Sund. AoFiii 66, 7; ace. -pitru, C2, IV 



j^j 



*jt 



Sm 



209 

11 
5248 m'tskh S 

matsak, matisk ? (m'st'kh, mskh) 



0_j9 '^tju* 



>m 



Sk(h) 



©<*matistaka 
sustenance 
Anc. Lett. 3.10; Benv. TSP n p!72 ; mWkh, SCE 

37 



5249 m'tyrn ^ nVt 1 




5250 m'tys =» nVt 1 




5251 m\vysn- M 




mawis(a)n ©impf. 


=^ } nwysn* 


(to)initiate 




GMS 547 


s 


5252 mV M, C 





Of 



'./*/> 



max OynVx, ym'x) ©<*ahmakam; OP amaxam 
©first, pi. pres. pron. ^nVyw, nVyCh) 1 , m } xnc 

we 

GMS 399, 1375; m'xw, KG; C2 
5253 m>x 2 .u 

max ©<*mah ©ace -w-> ob. -y; pi. -yt 
-mii^Gi) 2 , YRX> 

moon, month 

GMS 395, 936, 1274; BBB 724; BSTBL; STii 1.19; 
CII 1990 G4 ; C2, m'xwi Anc. Leu. 2.63, 5.32, 
nom. 4.9; CII 1990 A6 ; m'xy, GMS 622 ; C2-, CII 
1990 Dl; m'xyu STii 4.40; ot'x/i.KG 591 



( j»_j aU)«U (^'A>- 



4jUU <*U(«j L> j>ja) 



5254 m'xPryy M 
max-0ay ^m'yw pyyy 
moon-god 
BBB 724 

5255 m'xc'ny M 
max-cane 

monthly, from moon 
GMS 1022 

5256 m'xCh) -» m>Y(h) 2 

5257 m'xjmncyk M 
max-zam(a)ncik 
{taking place on) Mondays 
BBB 724; GMS 1014 

5258 m'xjmnw M 
max-zam(a)nu ^m'hjmnw 
Monday 

BBB 724; GMS 63; Hen. JRAS 1945, 155 

5259 m'xnc S ^T ^<L-j * «U L^j> fyl jl U 
max-(an)c ? -^mV 

we from him, we from them 



«Ulijj(<r bvj* } 



<UL-j^ 



>* > y > /nj- 1 myms- 



nVytr'k 

Anc. Lett. 225, 29; GMS I375A; Hen. BAOAS 12, 
605n3 

5260 m'xnwy M, C • > .U 
max-nawe 

new moon 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 153; abl. /n>x, nw>\ C2 

5261 m'x rwc M ^^'^j^jjj^^^jh^ Jjj 

max-roc 

twelfth day of the month 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.19 

5262 m'x txyz M *U ojc/Pft 
max-t(a)xez ? 

rising of moon, moonrise 
GMS 662 

5263 m'xw =» m^Oi) 1 , m'yw 

5264 m'xyt -> m'x* 

5265 m'y'ms- B 
mayams ©impf. 
(to)be finished 

GMS 828 

5266 m ) y6 f B, M, S (uy> y-^ j-») jU^T l^~ ijy^ 
me5/9 (m'ySS, 'myS) ©<*hama-i6a\ *ima-aita 

->my9, my5 2 , myt/8 
thus, so that 

GMS 397; EGSii 127 

5267 m'yS 1 B jjj 
me9/6 (my65, myy65) -»my9, my5* 

day 

TSP 2.67 

5268 m'yS'yt'k B (hj, V U// jt Jh)j&-*j 
meSayate ? ©Skt. tathagata ^myS'ytyCy) 
saved 

TSP 14.27, 32; BSTBL, Dhy. 182, 353; Frag. Len. ; 
Sogdica. 21U Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 141 

5269 m'yfi'kCk) B =* my6>kk 

5270 m'ySS M -» m , y5 1 

5271 m'yn- B jjuU^it <OjuU 
men ®<manya ^myn- 1 

0o)stay, (/o)remain 

SCE 25, 342; BSTBL, Dhy. 16; O 3 5; EGSii 13 

5272 m'ytr'k B b^ v aiJ>ui* 

maitre/i (m'ytry) -^mytr'k/'y 

Maitriya 

TSP 8.5, 200; Bailey. Prolexis. 28 1 ; Benv. TSP 
6.150 "friendship"; Hen. Texts. 735, maitrl 



m'ytry 



210 



I 



«>jjt 



u**>y J 



yl 



5273 m'ytry => m'ytr'k 

5274 m'zych m'th B, S (-kP^jj^J^J^jsU 
mazec-mat ©Shugh. ndn-ej, mdd-ij 
stepmother 

SCE 242; Hen. Tales. 483, 14, 16, 484.4 ; VJ n 
p!35 

5275 m'zyffntych =» mz^Yyntych 

5276 m'zyr- M 
mazer ©impf. ^^yr- 1 
(/o)hurt, (to)bc hurt 
CMS 634 

5277 -mpc S 
ma-j3-c ? =»-m | 
from you to me 
Anc. Lett. 4.3, mftt "to you by me" 2.52; GMS 

1359-60 

5278 -mc B 
mac ©*ma-(ha)ca ->-m, -mnc 
from me 

VJ 177 5 b , 889; EGSiii 110; GMS 734 

5279 roc 5 C <-»>ji'<^J 
maca -^mrts'r, ms* 

here 

Lentz. STii 1.82 p587 ; GMS 71, 461 

5280 mcryn C J ^ 1A 
m(a)cren, misren 

Egypt 

C2, 60R1, 94V9, 104V 10, mycryn 

5281 mcryncyq C 
macrencik, mscrencik ? 
(c?/)Egypt 
Sund. AI 28, 1988, 182 

5282 m5' B 
ma8 -tm'5 
thus 
VJ 1075 

5283 m5 2 S 
ma&a =»mrS, m8y, mSp'r, 'mS^ 
here 
Anc. Lett. 4.8 ; mSK MDii 

5284 -m5 B 
ma5 ©<*ma-hada =»-m 
to me, with me 
GMS 1348 

5285 m5'k S 
maSe =»m8w 



^Sj-o* 



bo! 



t'.v 



#HW 



VL^'lT* 



wine 

Anc. Lett. 5.8 

5286 m5'n B, M ju, 
m(i)San ^myS^y, m8y } ny 

middle 

TSP2.1106-, ob.-y, BBB 574? 

5287 mcPs- C o^J'^* 1 
ma5as ©impf. ^d's- 

0c)marvel 
C2.22V17 

5288 mVyS B, S b«T 
ma8e8 =*m8y8 

there 

TSP 11.16; KG pl84 

5289 mdbh* C (^t^)*£^^<(pJu>)&LJ 
ma5baha ©<Syr. 

altar 
BSTii; C2 

5290 mSak'mync S (>0^ 
xscwanmenc ? ©Idg. ^xsywnymync 

royal 

Hen. Tales 478.7 

5291 n^yw^k B Jj^tltJjP-^ 
ma8-xware 

winedrinker 
TSP 2.970 

5292 m5h S(MD) =* m8y 

5293 mSp'r S o>j*l«b~l 
ma&par =»m8\ mr5p ) r 

here 

MSP bl60 

5294 mStnpV B ^jj'^t/ (^>) 
(a kind c»/)herb 

TSP 19.7 

5295 mSw B, M, S ( ji)^ 
maou (mdw) =*m8 J k, mw6 2 

wine 

TSP 2.388, 2 Hi. 4 ; GMS 408, 1171; Hen. BSOAS 

10, 98; Anc. Lett. 4.6; MDii A-16, 6, STi 36.1; 

Sund. AoFiii 14R1; BSTii: C2, 57R18 

5296 mdw C =* m5w 

5297 mdy C =* m5y 

5298 m8y B, M, S ( jj^ >^ >>)^J 
ma8e (m8h, mSyy, mdy) ©<*imada =^ , m8 (,) 
here 

EGSii 153; GMS 136, 1109 



211 



mhystk 



s 



bfcj ) jl I^Ad^j) 



U«l 



5299 mey^n M •J^^j'jJ* 
ma5yan 

means, remedy 

Hen. Sogdica. 39.32, 36 n p43 

5300 mSy^y S <;L*<o^ 
ma5yane (myS'n'y) ©<medydn <maiSyana 

-^rnS'n 
middle 
STSC 139 

5301 mSycyk S 
ma8eclk 
from here 
MDii 165.9 A-15, 9 

5302 m5y6 M, S 
ma5e8 -»m5*y5 
there 
GMS 1109; MDii 

5303 m5yy M *$ m8y 

5304 my^nsm'wtry B 
maha-smudra 
ocean 
TSP 3.129; VJ 1000 

5305 myVr B 
mahakar ©<mahakala 
(name of a)god 
TSP 3.220 

5306 my'pwSy B 
mahabudi ©<mahd-bodhi 
Buddha's title 

TSP 2.45, 366, Hen. Texts. 715 

5307 myY'c B ^\j^ 
maharaj ©Skt. maharajan ©pi. -/ 
Maharajah 

TSP 5.100, 8.50, 51, 49; BSTBL, Padm. 50 

5308 myNvn B, S jjjLa<^«ua 
mayon ©*hama-gaona ©ace. -w =*mywn, 

nVywny 
all, complete, like 
GMS 379; VJ; TSP; BSTBL; STii 8.11, mx>wn 

mY'wnw, TSP 2, 876, 9.142 

5309 mY 5>k B, S ^ 
ma/iy8e, msy5e (mySy) ©<*migda-ka-, Parth. 

mygdg ©ace. -w ^myS'w 
fruit 
VJ 937, 1080; TSP 8.108; MDii, mY6>kw; VJ ; SCE 

159, ace. nom, VJ 842, VJ 835; Hen. BSOAS 



u">y ^jy. d±j> 



(IjJ. V tt// j/)c-J ^tje- -fO 



|j^> jl>^ 



12, 56; TSP 10.3; Benv. S Yd% apud. Yoshida. 
SI 1984, 146; CII 1990 F19 

5310 roy6Nv B' ^ 
may8au ^myS'k 

fruit 
VJ 1369 

5311 my6p- B, S -v>* <>_jj oj^ 
maySaP ©<magu-pati ©nom. -y ; ace. -w, pi. 

-r (>) ; ob. pi. -ty =*mywpt 
minister, adviser 
VJ; TSP 5.5, 6.166; BSTBL, Padm. 48; Frag. Len. 

9324, 25, 38-24, 25, 27, 82 a8 ; Hen. Sogdica. 

22.11; Tales. 483, 5 ; GMS 446, 509 

5312 myapy'kh B (cJLt-^)ojljj 
maydaPyak 

ministry 

VJ 981, 1173, 1483; GMS 1111 n 1 

5313 my5y S ** myS'k 

5314 myr^m- C o>^ j^y *o-> j*^-^" 
mayram ©impf. -^nyr'm-, 'yr'm- 

0o)calumniate 

BSTii 843, 44: C2, 68V 13 

5315 myw C a--^'^* 
mayu ©nom. mYw\ ob. mYwy =»mwy 

Magus 

BSTii 856.17, 867.36; C2 pl96-7 

5316 mywn x^l> iJIa t^L*& t<+& 

mayon ^my'wn 

whole, all 

TSP; BBB; Hen. Cosm. 312, 81; MD; STi 32, 22; 
Sund. AoFi 1971, 241.3; C2 ; KG; mYwnt(h), 
MDii B-19, 7 ; B-5, 10, 11 ; mYwnw, MSP b 107, 
117 

5317 mywpt S ju^* 
mayu-pat =*mwypt(w), my8P- 

Zoroastrian priest 

MDii pi 84, 18; MDiii p96 

5318 myz B jl^^J^* 
mayz ©ace. -w, -y; ob. -y 

marrow 

VJ 987, 1180, I486; TSP 2.115, 118, 476, 3.274, 

276, 289; SCE 271 

5319 mhystk M o^jo^j^^jju^^ 
mahistak ©<Parth. mahistag ©pi. -t 

Presbyter 



1 




mk> 



212 



uz 



-r* 



O-^ 



xjLa< 



GMS 983n 1; BBB 623; W-Lii 

5320 mk> B 
maka ©<Chin. 
ink 

TSP 2.951 n pl8l 

5321 mqdse ) C 
may(a)das ? ©<Syr. 
sanctificated 
Schwartz. HMV 392R4 

5322 mkyw B 
makxu ? (mnqxw(w)) =*mngxw 
like, similar 
TSP 13.20, 13.13, 14ii;6.l37n p205 ; Frag. Len. 

59.7, 8 ; GMS 336 

5323 mkkr^ B 
makkara ©<Prak. makkada-, Khwar. mrk% Khot. 

makala; <indo. ^mkr* 
monkey 
mkkr\ SCE 353; mkkry\ SCE 115 

5324 mkl'sykt M ^ ^y^ j^V ^. u' j^)^^» 

miylasikt ©ob. pi. -ry 

Miqlasck 

Sund. Man. Lett. 305.10 

5325 mkr» M 0>^ 
makkara (m'kr) =»mkkr ()) 

monkey 

BBB-, Hen. Tales. 475; CI1 1990 Dl, rrikrsrd. 
"monkey year" 

5326 mqxw(w) M =* mngxw, mkyw 

5327 MLK ()) B, S (^.li 
xutaw (MRK } ) ©Idg. ^ywt'w, ^sywn'k 

king 

VJ 1505 ; TSP 22, 20; BSTBL, Dhy. 174, 190; 
Frag. Len.-, Hen. Magi. 138.27, 30; MDii 

5328 MLK'mync S(M) jl^U^U. 
xutaw-menc ^xsywnymync, m55k ) mync 
royal 

Hen. Tales. 478, 7 

5329 MLK'twhr S 
xutaw-tuxar 
king of Tukhar 

Coins; Hen. Mittelir. 26 

5330 MN S 
can ©Idg. =»cnn 



\4JLZt*i <X_—yoL>jlptJ* 



(j*)ji 



*// 



&f<Jj> 



o> 



j *. ? ~ju 



from, of 

Anc. Lett.; MD; Frag. Len. TSP 13.3, 10.13 

5331 -mn ljUtU-uiU 
m(a)n ©lpl. pers. pron.; ob. encl. ^mn, 'my 1 
we, us 

GMS 1376-8; SCE 61; BSTBL, 292; Frag. Len^ 
STii 1.41, 45; C2 

5332 mn' (oy> ^* j>)\s i j> 
mana ©<*mana ©lsg. pers. pron. ob. *=»my l , 

-m, 'zw 
me 
GMS 1339, 1392; mn% BBB 580, 600; mrtyy. STi 

71, 1; GMS 1340 

5333 mn'tsyr B (? 
manatsir ©Skt. manahsila 
sulphur 
TSP 3227n p!09 ; Hen. Tales. 465n 2 

5334 mnpr- B 
manfiar ©impf. -^pr- 
earrange 
TSP 2.698 

5335 mnPxs- M 
man Paxs ©impf. ^npxs- 
OeOdivide 
GMS 632 

5336 -mnc S 
mane =>-m, -mc 

to me from him, by me from them 
Anc. Lett. 2.32; GMS 1378, 1375A; Hen. BSOAS 
12, 605n 3 

5337 mn^y— ja;U tjj^^ji^ 
mancay ©impf. =^nc*y- 

OcOstop, (/o)become still 

GMS 632; BSTii 877.7: C2, 65R29; MSP bl72 

5338 mnd- M ^<uj^ 
mand ©neg. pref. =»mnt- 

without 

GMS 1150 

5339 -mnd =» cym'nt, 5ymnd, kynVnt, nynVnt(y) 

5340 mn6-' B jj»bjK; 
man9/5 ©<*man&-\ Khot. mamth- =*mn5- 2 
OcOagitate, (/o)stir 

BTSBL, Dhu. 25, 27; Benv. Et. Oss. 88 ; IIJ 1964, 
307f ; Bailey. Prolexis. 274 

5341 mnS- B o^^cSj=>^id^jy>-o^ 
mand ? ©inf. -t ^mnS- 1 



JA 4, ^f jl 



213 



mnspn- 



(lO^c^lT^ 



JaU- ijhii 



(ro)agitate, Oo)stir 
BSTBL, Dhu. 25, 27, 29 

5342 mndVryy* M ? o^ j j >u <jjU^ «j^i u>^ 
mand-ayarya 

lustrelessness, baselessness, absence of 

moisture ? 
Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.27, 144n3 

5343 mnd'nSyqy' M j*b^<*J'jf Ctj* 
mand-andikya -^mnt'nSyk 

lack of function ? 
GMS 1151 

5344 mnd's- S 
mandas ©impf. ^nS's- ^ 
(ro)wonder 
MSP bl52 

5345 mndfrnqy* M 
mand-farnakya 
unhappincss 
GMS 1152 

5346 mndyrp'k M 
mand-yarPak ^mntyrP'k 
ignorant 
GMS 1153 

5347 mndyrp'kstr M 
mand-yarPakstar 
more ignorant 
GMS 1290 

5348 mndyrp^y 1 M 
mand-yarPakya ^mntyrP'ky* 
ignorance 
BBB 525, 637 

5349 mndra , nky > M 

mand-manakya ^mntm'ny 

carelessness 

GMS 1152; BBB 541 

5350 mndxwpy(y) M 
mand-xupe =>mntxwpy 
improper 

BBB bll, 28; GMS 1154; ob. BBB 661 

5351 mndzprt M ^LU 
mand-zpart =»mnzprt, mzprt, mntzp J rt(h), 

mnt } zprt 
unclean 
BBB f 58; GMS 454, 1153 

5352 mng M 
mang ^mnk 
fraud, deceit 



jfO^ 



J*>- <^& 



lt 3 ^ *isJ*u 



*Xla\j <lo jO iOwli-ij 



v*^ 'v*!^ l ^ Ji 



d&s\ 



GMS 525 

5353 mny'z B =* mnyz- 

5354 mngxw M juLa^u^ 
mangxu (mnqxw(w)) =^mkyw 

similar 

BBB pl03 f52 ; GMS 336; Benv. Notesiv 499 

5355 mnyz- B O-^-^^jVl 
manxaz (mny'z) ©impf. ^'nyz-, mnxz-, mxz- 
(to)go up, (to)rise 

GMS 55 

5356 mnk B ^tj 1 ^ 
mank (mnq) ©ob. -yh =>mng 

fraud, deceit 

TSP 2.1075, 7.101, 117; ob. mnqy, C2, 57V29; 
BSTii 905.29 

5357 mnq C ==» mnk 

5358 mnkr'yp- B j>bj& 
mangrep ©impf. ^'nkr'yp- 

OeOagitatc 
VJ 1000 

5359 mnqxw(w) M =* mngxw, mkyw 

5360 mnpt- B 
manpat ©impf. ^npt-, nVpt- 

Go)falI 
GMS 632 

5361 mns'c- M o^J'^ 
mansac ©impf. -^'ns'c- 
Go)prepare, (fo)make 
Hen. BSOAS 12, 312.89, 3pl. -nd 

5362 mnsn- B 
mansan ®* y nsn-i**sn- ©impf. 
(ro)rise 

S W, IIJ 1976, 62; Frag. Len. 15 

5363 mnspnd rwc M '^j^^^jc ^ jjj <c~^*>^ 

manspand roc <£)<*ma0rahe-sp9nta =»mrspnt 

rwc 
twenty-ninth day of the month 
Hen. Fasts. 151.5, 153.9; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 148 

5364 mnspt- B (^/y- j/)^U~^ < jju^- 
manspat ©* } nspt- ©impf. 

(/cOrise, OcOmove 

TSP 1125; S W, IIJ 1976, 57n61 

5365 mnspyn =» mnspn- 

5366 mnspn- B(S) ,? o>^f <? o^c^l^l 



&-L. 



Cr^^y. 



wmm*mmmmm 




mnst'y- 



214 



manspen ?, manspan ? (mnspyn) 

(forest 

TSP 13.7; Schwartz. STSC 12; JAOS 1969, 445a ; 
S W, IIJ 1976, 56; BSOAS 1983, 42, mspn, 
impf. of \?/?rt, Benv. mnsp, impf. of >nsp; 
Schwartz. } nspyn, } nspn 

5367 mnst'y- B, M j^bjUj 
manstay ©impf. -^nst'y-, mst'y- 

(:o)show 

GMS 632; VJ 900; lsg. impf. mnst'yw, KG 2335, 
2376 

5368 mnt B, S, C * J^->> i4 ^^j ^~ i4 ^ J>J3*& j* 
mand (mntt) 

inspite of, until, while, immediately 
TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 318, 374; MD ; BSTii; C2; 
Benv. BSL 1954, 61 n 1955, 323; mntt, TSP 9.96 

5369 mnt- B, S, C (^ jsjj^)^ td^ 
mand ©Khwar. mnd- ©prohibitive prefix, 

privative prefix^mnd- -»mnd- 
without 
EGSii 168; GMS 1150 

5370 mnt w ywzk S Jt*x^ <c^fj ^ /j7 
mand-ayoze 

quiet, undisturbed 
MDii pi 36.4 A- 18.4 

5371 mnt'ys- B ox^l^y^ij^^^ 
mandaxs, mantaxs ©impf. -^nt'ys- 
(to)escape 

TSP 13.11 

5372 mnt'n5yk S ? c-L <Jy±- <j}W «Jo^ 
mand-andik ©pl.V ^mnd'nSyqy* 

immoral 
MSP b85 

5373 mnt'zp'rtyh B =» mntzp'rtyh 

5374 mnt'zprt S ^TLU 
mand-zpart ©ob. -y ^mntzp'rtCh), mndzprt 
unclean 

KG 554-5 pl85 ; GMS 1238 

5375 mntrrp^y* B =» mntyrP'ky' 

5376 mntyrb'q C =* mntyrp'k 

5377 mntyrp'k B p^U <obU 
mand-yarPak (mntyrb'q) ©pi. -r ; ob. pi. -ry 

-^mndyrp^ 
ignorant, foolish 
TSP 2.1052, 1055; BSTBL, Intox. 20 ; SCE ; STii 



1.91; C2 ; mntxrPk, STii 7.5; Sund. AoFviii 
1981, 24V 2 

5378 mntyrp'ky* B j& 
mandyarPakya (mntyrb'qyO ^mndyrP'ky* 
ignorance 

TSP 2.1182; Frag. Len. 93.7 ; O 2 7 ; BSTii: C2, 
102R22, 23, 102V 25-6; mntYr^kyK TSP 
2.256; mntYp*ky\ SCE 266 

5379 mntyrb'qy* C ■* mntyrp ) ky > 

5380 mntyr^ky'kh S J& 
mand-yarPakya(k) 

ignorance 

MDii B-18, 2; GMS 111 In 1, 1494 

5381 mntywnc B ^j^. 
mand-yonc 

colourless, without colour 
TSP 22.12 

5382 mntyws'ntykh S ^ju-^i-U 
mand-xusandyak ©f. n. 

dissatisfaction 
MDii 1.14 



5383 mntm'ny C <^\^< 

mand-mane ©pi. -/ =>mndm , nky ) 
thoughtless 

BSTii 836.5; C2, 108R5; Benv. JA 1955, 303; 
Sund. AoFi 242.18 



A* 



f 



ooa<,U 



5384 mntny'mk S 
mand-niyamc 
untimely 
Anc. Lett. 5.16 

5385 mntptz'ny* C J^»^'^ 
mand-patzanya 

ignorance, lack of understanding 
BSTii 892.9: C2, 31R9 

5386 mntpz^y C jj*^^><o)& 
mand-patnane ©pi. -u ob. pi. -ry 

ignorant 

BSTii 892.13, 17: C2, 13R13, 17 

5387 mntr B u**** f^ «>w» cjj^sl <Ip.j ajj 
mant(a)r ©Skt. mantra 

mantra 

TSP 2, 399, 5.105, 7.50 

5388 mntr 2 B (<Jj£ <Jj£)*sJ* 
mandal ©Skt. mandala 

circle 

VJ 1214; TSP 3.162, 5.61; BSTBL, Dhy. 17, 134; 



m*m 



■■H 



■■ 



jZ>hj~> ft^l^U- 



OIJ^ 



! 



c5Ji 



,IU 



jUUpI^ < jjLU 



215 



-y, Vim. 99 

5389 mntr'ys- B o-^ ^ <■ o>j> M* >> 
mantraxs, mandraxs ©impf. =* 'ntr'ys- 

(to)be oppressed, (fo)be disturbed 

VJ ; GMS 152c 

5390 mntr'yh B 
mandri 

{name c/)Suda:*an*s wife 
VJ 

5391 mntt B ~» mnt 

5392 mntw'ry B 
mand-ware 

rainlessness 

GMS 115a, BSTBL, Padm. 53 

5393 mntwrnqy* C 
mand-warnakya 
unbelief 
Sund. AoFviii 1981, 22V 6 

5394 mntwrny C 
mand-warne ©pi. -t 

unbelieving 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 29V 5 p205 n391 

5395 mntxwpy C f^J^l; <c^jU.U 
mandxupe ^mndxwpy(y) 
improper, unpleasant 
BSTii 827.43 ; C2, 94V 13 

5396 mntz > wry > C 
mand-zawarya ->z } wr 
weakness, powerless 
STii 3.6, GMS 1151 

5397 mntzp'rt(h) B 

mandzpart =>mnt } zprt, mndzprt 
unclean, impure 

TSP 2.778, 379, 884, 10.23, 35; ob. -yh f SCE 121, 
158; TSP 2393, 394 

5398 mntzp'rty'kh B J'ia 
mand-zpartya(k) 

uncleanness 

TSP 19.17; Hen. Texts. 713n 3 

5399 mntzpVtyh B ^u 
mand-zpartya (mn^zp'rtyh) -^mntzp'rtOi), 

mntzprty* 
uncleanness 
TSP 2.374, 375, 793, 885; MSP b24; TSP 7.167, 

mntzp y rty } 



-b.1* 



J^ 



cTUU 



5400 mntzprty' B, C 
mand-zpartya ^mntzp'rtyh 
uncleanness 

TSP 7.167; STii 4.33; "rubbish", GMS 454 

5401 mnw ? B oJl^ 
man(u) 

hater, enemy 

BSTBL, Dhy. 87; Hen. Texts. 725n 1 



mr 



jy 



o^J'^sjji^-**- *0>JJ 



T*/ 



5402 mnwz- M 
manwaz ©impf. =» } nwz~ 
0o)collect, (ro)gather 
GMS 632 

5403 mnxwy- M jj^To^- < j^JLi* <o>J'j>^^ 
manxway ©impf. ^'nxw'y- 

Go)infringe, (ro)break 

GMS 632; MSP bl65 ; Sund. p41 

5404 mnxz- M ja^U^^ 
manxaz ©impf. ^nxz-, mnyz- 

Go)rise, {to)go up 
GMS 55, 632 

5405 mnyn > C B jLi«j*j 
©<Syr. 

number 

C2, 94V2; Hansen. AO 1966, 96 

5406 mnz'n- M jj^$\jl>*l tjij'^l 
manzan ©impf. ^nz'n- 
(to)acknowledge, (ro)confess 

GMS 632 

5407 mnzyS- S 
manzyaS ©impf. ^'nzyS- 
0<?)leap 
MSP p41 bl87 

5408 mnzyynt- S 
manzyent ? ©impf. =» } nzyynt- 
OcOleap up 
Sund. AI 1988, 180 

5409 mnzprt M, C 
man-zpart ^mndzprt, mzprt, mndzprt 
unclean 
BBB 583; STii 3.48 ; GMS 454 

5410 mr' M, C 
mar (mry) 
lord, sir 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.47 

541 1 mr 2 B ((^-j^ J» L -tij^^juf I; tjr 
mar 



O^&r </ 



O^&r * ■ 



^ru 



J J J** *^J 



tM*ifcft«iiM»eini*Mirt* 




ili! 



I 



emphatic particle 
TSP 2.1085n pl83 

5412 mr a z M jLi-ocjSL* 
maraz ©pi. -t; ob. pi. -ty ^mr'z 
colleague, assistant 

GMS 1250; Hen. Fasts. 155 pi 55, No. 7A 

5413 mr'mw M (j^ j j iS^ ji-> M^)y^ jj^ 
mar-amu 

Mar Amu 

Hen. Varucan-sah 87 

5414 mr'wt C &J 
maraut ©mr'w-, <*brama-dwat ^nVr'wt 
crying 

GMS 310, 351; STi 72.3 

5415 MR'Y S (jO^UJ&t+xiUJ 
(MRY } ) ©Idg. =»ywPw 

commander 
MD 

5416 mr'ynck 1 B ■- . J*i» 
marencka ©Skt. marica-, Khot. miremjsya 
pepper 

BSTBL, Padm. 39, Mack, n pll "marenca" 

5417 mr'ynkh B *S (<jfiy) 
mar(z)enk ? ->mrznykh 

{name of a)plant 
TSP 19.15 

5418 mr'z J ^ mj^ .^j^/v <<jj>>>* <j>s>y 

maraz ©pi. -t\ ob. pi. -ty =»mr*z 

hiring work, hireling 

TSP 2,80, 241n pl69; Texts. 716; BBB 540; Hen. 

Tales. 468n 6, 467, 36, 486J20; Magi. 138.8; STi 

42.3; MD ; KG 413; pi. -ty, 539; mr*zu Frag. 

Len. 83a5; +mrty y Tales. 468; Hen. "moon 

station"; BBB pl28 

5419 mrc B, M, C (j^ ^^ j>)Js 
marc <D<Av. mahrka ©ob. -y f)} ^mrch, 

mwrtk(y) 

death 

GMS 249, 489 ; BBB 520; Hen. Cosm. 307, 46; 
BSTBL; TSP; STi 50.3, 31.13; Sund. AoFviii 
1981 p215 ; STii 1.75, 2.1; BSTi 93; C2 ; Sund. AI 
1988, 175; mrc prm, Hen, Tales. 480.9 "until 
death"; pnt-mrc "near death" 

5420 mrc JJnd^ M J ' ^ o/ jU* i^\ tSj* 
marc(e)-J3andam (mrc(y) bnd>m) 



216 



death punishment 

BBB 646; STii 2.1, 2, 3 ; BSTi A12, 26 

5421 mrch B J y 

marc ©ace. -wh; ob. -y(h) =»mrc 
death 

VJ 778; TSP; BSTBL, Intox. 13, Vim. 113; Frag. 
Len. 69.5 

5422 mrc(y) bnd'm C => mrc pnd'm 

5423 mrcync M J^o^/ 
marcenc ©f. adj. 

deadly, mortal 

GMS 1273; Sund. 1994, 45R V 

5424 mrcyny M ^X^^uf^ 
marcene ©m. adj. 

deadly, mortal 

BBB b5, 35; GMS 1053, 1273 

5425 mr5 S b^j 
mar8/6 ©<*ima0ra ^mrSp'r, m8 ? 

here 

GMS 440; MD 

5426 mrd J sp (>, nt C, S => mr8>spnd 

5427 mrS'spnd M ju-^U^U^^* 
mr5aspand (mrd^p^nt) ©*amrta-s?panta; MP 

*mhr'>spnd ©pi. -r ; ob. pi. -tyy, -tyh 
element 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 142; Hen. Talcs. 473, 6 ; 

W-Lii; STi 84.11; Sogdica. 64.12, 34.9 ; Frag. 

Len. 59.6; pi. -?, BBB; GMS 73, 138 n l r ob. 

-fy, Hen. Cosm. 307.6; BBB a9 f45 ; KG 613; 

mr&spnt fiYyy, Sund. Liste. 1994, 458-9 

5428 mr8p>r S b«j 
mar5/ 9par =»mr5, m5p y r 

here 

GMS 440, 1116; MDii B-17R14 

5429 mrdxmy C jUo/ 
mard(u)xme ©pi. -t =»mrtxmy(y), mrtynr^k 
man, mankind 

STii 1.3, 67, 86, 2.19, 3.15, 56; GMS 270 

5430 mry' M 3 J> 
mary ©Parth. mrg-, OP margus 

Marv 

Hen. Mittelir. p94 ; KG p!85, 432 

5431 mry 2 M, C, S (£^)j / i 1 >*^< 4 ^<j , >> 9 
mary (mrtyh) ©Av. mar9Ya ©pi. -t(t) ^mry* 
wood, meadow 

GMS 485, 526, 1661; Hen. Cosm. 307, 35 ; MDii 



■iM 



mm* 



i 



in 



-v. A-5, 15; MDii pl84, 15; mrYy> Frag. Len. 
68.13; C2, 11R24 

5432 mry-' B, M, S «x >t ^ 
mry, mary ©Av. mdrdYa ©nom. ob. -y ; inst. 

- )()) ; pi. mrY^ysi ^'mry- 
bird 
GMS 485, 1174, 1182; TSP 2.155, 456, 3.139, 189 

& etc.; BSTBL; SCE ; Frag. Len.; BBB; SCE 105, 

252, 270; BBB 511; GMS 1240, 1186; Frag. Len. 

29.4, 71.12: O 3 12, 84a 10 

5433 mry- 3 B jljipL^iJj** 
marx ©nom. -y; ace. -w =*mrx- 

straight, flat v 

GMS 491, 520, 1191; SCE 65; VJ 1497; BSTBL, 

Dhy. 18 ; TSP 5.28, 54; adv. "equally" TSP 

2.870, 3.248 n pi 99, 7.21 

5434 mry* B (^)fV'j'>y^ 
mary (mryh) ©ob. -yh «»mry : 

wood, meadow 

TSP 2.811, 9.85, I3ii2 ; -K VJ 316; -yA, SCE 241; 
pi. mrYtt, TSP 9.85 

5435 mry'rtOi) xj 3y > 
maryart, maryarit ©MP murwarid; Parth. 

murgarid; Pahl. mwlwHyh Knot, mrdhe ©ob. 
-y(h)\ pi. mrY y rt =>mwrPnt 

pearl 

Hen. Tales. 466, 467; VJ 16\ Sogdica. 7, 7; GMS 
81; MSP b34, 109 el3 ; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 25R 
6 pl91, 192 n239 ; Gersh. SI, Cahier 7, 132, 
*marga-ah(a)r~ita "held by the pearl-oyster" 



5436 mryVtswrnbyy M 
mar5art-sumbe 
pearlborer 

Hen. Tales. 466-8 

5437 mryNvnt'k B 

maryunde (mry'wntk) =*mrywndy 

lump, clod 

TSP 2.359, 505; SCE 205 

5438 mry'wntk => mry'wnt'k 

5439 mryh ==> mry* 

5440 mryw B 
marxu 

similar, alike 
VJ 1497 

5441 mrywndy M 



jUi^ Jijlj>» <^- -^Jis 



<U5%J idjlS (oJLP 



jLxi iX-X*jt> 



•V-?^)^/ "^ 1 kjt*£ k£**\j> 



mrt'ny'kh 

maryunde (mrywntk) ©pi -/ ^mry'wnt'k 

lump, clod, ball 

GMS 138, 149; Hen. Tales. 485 n 7; TSP 3.290-5, 
2 pi. mrYwnlU TSP 3.290; YrS mrYwndyy 
"Adam's apple", Sogdica. 56, 29; Benv. Notesiv 
499 

5442 mrywntk B =* mrywndy 

5443 mrywr C (-jy^jTlT^j 
maryur/I 

twisted locks, curly hair 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 25R 5 p 191 n 238 

5444 mryyz'tkZ-y B Mj^t-'r* 
morye-zate 

egg 

BSTBL, Vaj. 2, Dhu. 38; Benv. Notesiv 497 

5445 MRK* -» MLK (>) 

5446 mrktth M 
markat ©Skt. marakata 
emerald 
Hen. Sogdica. p26; TSP 8.174 

5447 mr m'ny M 
mar-mani -^m } r m*ny 
Mar Mani 
Hen. Tales. 469, 35; KG 

5448 mrspnt rwc S «U ^ 3 

marspand roc =»mnspnd rwc 
twenty-ninth day of the month 
MDiii A4R10 

5449 mrsysn M 
marsisin 
Sisinius 

Hen. JRAS 1945; Fasts. 154.4 

5450 mrt- B, S (j^ >^ >>) j^ 
mo/urt ©pt. st. ^myr-, mrt't rwc, mwrt- 
(ro)die 

GMS 138, 151, 870; Anc, Lett. 2.38; AVS 104 

5451 mrt'ny* M, S Jt\>j> tc^o^ 
martanya ©f. n. 

courage.virillity 

GMS 942; Hen. BSOAS 11, 70 ; CII 1990 G2 

5452 mrt'nyHth S ly^^A^^n^ 
mart/5anyak 

writing, inscription 

Karab. Insc. 18, 19; Lentz. STii 587 



>SJ 



J^ jjv 



(<S^ ij^^iTJ 



mrt't rwc 



218 



I 



5453 mrt't rwc M, S (^^^j^jjj^y^ r** jjj 
martat-roc ^mwrt't rwc, 'mrtch, mrt- 

seventh day of the month 
GMS 86.138; Hen. iii B11R8; Fasts. 149.9; MDii B 
11R 8 

5454 mrt'xmk S(AL) ==» mrtynVk, mrtxmy(y) 

5455 mrt } y B ^ 
marti ©OP martiya =*mrty 

man 

SCE 374; 3 4: Frag. Len. 71.4; mrtK Anc. Lett. 
255 

5456 mrtyh =* mry 2 , mry } 

5457 mrtym w t \ OU^ 
martoxmat (mrtymkt, mrtymH) ©pl. ; ob. -y 

=>mrtynVy 

men 

SCE 531, 533, 544; TSP 5.3; STii 7, 14; mrtxm y t(tl 
BSTBL; -mHu SCE; BSTBL; Dhu. 90 ; STii 
10.45; Frag. Len. 70.4, 932; ob. pi. mrtYmHy, 
SCE 103; BSTBL, Dhu. 31; STii 7.32 ; Frag. Len. 
mrtYmh O 1 1 1 

5458 mrtym'k B, S (oy> j^, ^ y 
matoxme (mrtymk, mrt'xmk) =»mrdxmy, 

mrtym'k, mrtxmy(y), mrtym'y 
man, human, mankind 
- J Jfc. SCE 360; J>>k t SCE; VJ; BSTBL; STii; MD; 

Frag. Lcn. ; -kw y SCE 204, 319; VJ 76, 1464; pi. 

- (i) kt, MDii; Frag. Len^ pi. ob. -»kty, VJ 395; 

->kty, BSTBL, Vim. 118; Hen. Tales. 474.9; 

mrtxm y k t STii 10.54, 7.5 

5459 mrtym'kw B =$ mrtynVk 

5460 airtynVn B jU^ 
martaxman ©gen. pi. 

men 

VJ 1048; SCE 538; GMS 969, 1261 

5461 mrtym't =» mrtym*t 

5462 mrtym'y B, S ( j^ ^^ ^) f ^ 
martaxme (mrtymy) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. ~ty 

=»mrtxmy(y), mrtymk, mrtym*t 
man 
SCE; BSTBL; Tales. 476.2, 481.47; pi. -y/, VJ 835; 

SCE 259; TSP 5.86; -yty, VJ 138; STii 9.13; 

Hen. Tales. 481, 50; Magi. 138, 41; BSTBL, 

Vim. 52, 157, 188, 191 

5463 mrtymk =$ mrtynVk 

5464 mrtymkt => mrtym*t 



=»ms\ mc* 



5465 mrtymy =» mrtym } y 

5466 mrtk S(AL) -> mrt'y 

5467 mrt mrt B, S yt l^S j> 
mart mart <D<Av. mardta 

everyone, each 

VJ 52, 277, 6a ; BSTBL, Vim. 189; TSP 2.737, 
12.30; GMS 493 n 

5468 mrtmync B J^'^s 
martmenc 

human, humane 
Frag. Len. 65, 5 

5469 mrts'r (0>^>^ 
martsar (m's*) ®<*ima9ra+sdr 
here, hither 

GMS 301, 461; BBB b43, TSP; BSTBL; VJ ; STii 
9.11; BSTi A 22; MD 

5470 mrtxm'nyGi) M J^^^y 
martoxmaneV-ya 

human, humane 
BBB b39 ; GMS 1041 

5471 mrtxmync M o^' W 
martu/oxmenc 

human, humane 
GMS 1254 

5472 mrtxmy ptxwyny C j£+*\ ij&^j* 
martoxme- patxwene ©ace. 

killer of man 
C2, 3R15 

5473 mrtxmy(y) M, C (u>> ^~> j->)->'>^~ <{°y 
martoxme (mrt'xmk) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty 

=»mrtym } k, mrdxmy, mrtym'y 

man, person 

GMS 129, 966; Hen. Tales. 473; BBB ; STi ; STii; 
MSP ; BSTi; C2, abl. voc. mrtxm\ ace. mrtxmw, 
C2, gloss; pi. mrtxm ()) yt, BBB 505; GMS 1256; 
BSTi; BSTii: C2 ; KG 185; pi. ob. mrtxmyty, STi 
10, 12; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p216 ; C2, MSP b31, 
71, 75, 8b 101, 128; KG 4 

5474 mrty (j>^ >^ j>)>j> 
marti/I (mrtyy) ©<OP martiya-, Yaghn. morti 

«*mrt } y 

man, human 

GMS 267, 493n 1, 1218, 1222; voc. mrty\ Tales. 

473; MDii, -w; mrtytt, KG 476; S W, AO 1981, 

16 

5475 mrtynh M {jj ^^^^r^^j^ 



i_i 



__■_ 



$ 



219 

martin(a) ? ©Khwar. mordan-, MP murdydnag; 

Pahl. masyanag 
Eve, Mashiyane 
Hen. Magi. 138.17, 140n 4 

5476 mrtyy M =» mrty 

5477 mrwrwd C *U3S 
marw-ruS 

Marv river 
STii 3.30 

5478 mrws- C o^^r-J <0-> jo~o 
mrus ? 

(jo)touch 

STi 54.18; Sund, AoFiii 59 

5479 mrx- M, C c^ljJL i^L-toUtjl^ 
ma/orx ©adj. & adv. ; nom. -y ; ace. -w =*mry- 2 
straight, flat, plain 

GMS 491; ^zr^v, STi 58.10; mrYw, KG 348, 395, 
474 pl85 ; adv. "plainly", BSTii 893V 22; C2, 
31V 22; Benv. Et. 2, 130; ace. f. mrx\ C2, 
52V9; nom. pi. mrjc\ GMS 520, 1205; mrxyy 
kwn- t GMS 1197; mrxy w/z-, STL 58.10, "to 
straighten" 

5480 mry M, C -» mr 1 

5481 MRY' S(MD)-> MR'Y 

5482 mry^h M => mrym 

5483 mrym C ^y 
maryam (mry'mh) 

Mary 

C2, 51V13, 57V11; Hen. Sogdica. p7.13 ; BSTii 
905.11 

5484 mrync- M 0*J'*jk<o>J'>->>lJ>- 
ma/orenc ©<*mrncya; Av. mdrdnca 
GcOdestroy 

GMS 153, 600; A VS 123 

5485 mrz- B o>fS\i&J* 
ma/arz ©Av. mardz 

0<?)rub 

TSP 19.2, 17; Hen. Texts. 713n 5 ; AVS 132 

5486 mrznykh B ^t^itxXS^ 
marznik =*mrznykh 

purgative 

TSP 19.14; Hen. Texts. 713 

mas Otyms, ^tms) =»rtyms 
again, also, and, further, even 



OJ ! 



msnt 

5488 ms* C, S ^»> t yJ ^J 
masa ^mrts'r, mc 1 

here, hitrier 

STi 31.17, 69.6; BSTi 196-, C2, 23R12, 54V19; C1I 
1990 A9,/nVF5, Gil n p28 

5489 mspwyyc S (^y^^j^JU^oU 
mis-Puyec, mispuyic =»mys Pwyyc 

tenth month of the year 

MDii Nov. 4R1 p22 ; -y, Nov, 3R1 p21 

5490 mstVny B 
mastu/on/e/i 
drunkenness 
BSTBL, Intox. 4, 7; GMS 1087 

5491 mstkVk B j/lJL. 
mastkare (mstk*ry(y)) 
intoxicating 

TSP 2.960, 1002, 1010, 1025, 5.38, 80, 7.174, 17.17; 
BSTBL, Intox. 2 & etc.; BBB p74.591 ; GMS 
1125 

5492 mstk'ry(y) B, M =* mstkVk 

5493 msy'tr B, M, S j*"J^.<J<fjji 
masyatar Cmsy'tr) ©Av. masyah; Parth. ms y dr 

^msydr, mzy'tr 
greater, higher 
GMS 1241, 1292; VJ 234; BSTBL, Dhy. 86, 101; 

TSP 2.24, 162, 515, 958, 12.19; Frag. Len. 44.2; 

BBB; MSP bl0 ; Hen. Tales. 480.8 ; msfttr, 

MDii 

5494 msyS'r S =» msydr 

5495 msySr M =» msydr 

5496 msydr C ^j^'ir^ 
maseSar (msySr, msyS'r, m v sy5r) ©Parth. ms y dr 

©ob. -j; pi. -f, -S =^msy'tr 
Presbyter, headpriest 
GMS 269, 1280n 1, 1298; CII 1990 Fl, G20 ; pi. 

msydrd, STii 3.33, 55, 68; Sund. AO, Hung. 

1971, 92; msydru C2, 64V26 

5497 ms'yy* M, C ( {J ?*~~* oy* ^ jj)1^~~>» <£~_ • 
masyh* (ms'yh'h, msyx\ msyyO 

Christ 

GMS 63; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.35; KG pl85 ; C2 
gloss. 

5498 ms'yh'h =» ms'yy' 

5499 mskh B =» m'tskh 

5500 msnt C Ij^UjLU 
m(i)sand ? =*mysn 



mm 



mspn- 

them 
STii 3.39 

5501 mspn- C j-^-^j^ ib^J'c^-\j^\ 
maspan ©impf. ^spn- 

(fo)rest, GcObe at rest 

BSTii 889.15; C2, 60R15; Benv. Et. 1, 309 

5502 mst'y- C CpbjUj 
mastay (m'st'y) ©impf. ^st'y-, 'nst'y-, 

mnst'y- 
GcOshow 
BSTii 880.15; C2, 6V14, 57V, 19, 60V 8, 77V 15 

5503 msyy' =» ms'yy' 

5504 msyp- C * jJ^^^J'^ 
masep ©impf. -Vsyp-, *ns*yp- 

(to)bury 

BSTii 888.9, 15; Benv. Et. 1, 308; C2, 60 R9, 3, pi. 
msypnt 

5505 msyx* =* ms'yy* 

5506 mw B, M bjt^y 1 
mu Ortymw) ©OP imam ^'mw, mwn'w, 'my 2 
this 

GMS 1401, 1466, TSP; STii 7, 30.33; KG; S W, 
TPS 1994, 43-50 

5507 mwc'k* B jf j^T i^ »U-i 
mocak **>mwj } k, mwz'k', mwck 

teacher 
TSP 6.51 

5508 mwck B, M, S jtfj^ToU-f 
moce, moc(a)k/e ©<*maucaka-; Khwar. mwey 

©ob. -y; ob. pi. -ty ^mwc^ 
teacher 
GMS 397, 810, 976; TSP ; BSTBL; W-Li; mwck\ 

BSTBL; Frag. Len. 44.2; -w, Frag. Len. 81.4; ob. 

mweky, Dhu. 183; pi. ob. mwckty* TSP 6.191; 

Bailey. *hamauk-; Mack. *maucaka 

5509 fflwd C =» mw5 2 

5510 mw6' B,S 
mu5/mu5 
value, price 

VJ 1401; mw6y y VJ 1319; Anc. Lett. 5; S W, 
BSOAS 1983, 45 

5511 mw6 2 S (ji)^ 
mu6 (mwd) *=»m5w 

wine 

GMS 408-, Anc. Lett. 4.6; Sund. AoFviii 1981 
p2l6, 2aV2 



220 



(Jja :^Jais uU^)\^ tj*jj 



u*y*" i £f 



(OLU j,j)cJ-jjj^ 



(«Jti k^^yw JL*» itj\x* j>* 



5512 rawy C, S 
muy ©ob. -y ; nom. ace. -w> =*myw 
Magus, Magian 

C2 gloss, ace. nom. mwYw t nom. mwYy pl97; 
Frag. Len. mwYw, 83a6 ; mwYy, 68.31, 10, 
mwY\ 68.12; pi. mwYyst, ob. pi. mwYysiy, C2 
pl96 

5513 mwy'nc C, S ( ^xij J j<-cU.< c/ -yv 
muyanc (mwy'ny) ©f. adj. 

Magian, Zoroastrian 

BSTii 872.5; Benv. Et. 2, 116; C2, 1R24; GMS 

1040; Hen. Tales. 475, 10; JRAS 1944; Magi. 

138.28 

5514 mwy'ny =» mwy'nc 

5515 mwydyn C 
muy-8en ©ob. -y 
Zoroastrian religion 
BSTii 872.6: C2, 4V4 

5516 mwyqty C 
muy-kate 
magian house 

ace. -fw, C2, IV, 17, 29; loc. -ty, C2, 1R25 

5517 mwypt(w) C, S j*y 
muy-pat (mwhbt*) ©*magu-pati -^mywpt 
Zoroastrian priest 

C2 ; Frag. Len. 68, 10, 11; -w, BSTii 843.20, 21, 
873.2, 875.12 

5518 mwysk (>) B ^^ 
muxsk ©*maxsika; Pahl. maxs ©ob. -y, -> 

fly, mosquito 

TSP 2.390; SCE 364 ; GMS 113, 165, 975, 1182 n 2 

5519 mwyy^ C 
muyyak 
magian cult 
C2, 1V23, 24, 27 

5520 mwyyst C 
muyist ©ob. pi. -y =»mwy 

magians 

BSTii 851.6, 843.41, 50, 850.1, 872.4 ; C2 gloss. 
p215 

5521 mwyztw M 
muy-zatu ©*magu-zati 
magian killing, magophonia 
Hen. Magi. 138.27, 135f 

5522 mwhbt 1 =» mwypt(w) 

5523 mwhrdyb M *A>j$* 
muhr-5ip ©*mwdr\ Parth. ©ob. -yy 



l^jPXfi 



jLi>ta lijlJLfi 



^f 



^m 



^ m ^ mm 



221 



-^mw^kk, dyb-yy 
seal of letter 
BBB c36 

5524 mwj'k M jU-I 
mozak (mwj'q) ©pi. -/ =>mwz*k\ mwc'k' 
teacher 

GMS 990; BBB 623 

5525 mwj'q =» mw/k 

5526 mwks(h) B oU»«^jlt-.j 
moks ©Skt. mokfai Parth. mwxs ©ob. -y (>J > -yh 
salvation 

VJ; TSP 8.23, 2.663, 691; -K VJ 995 

5527 mwa'kw B, S (^y> ^zJ^ j-O^^M «jJ 
munaku (mwnkw) ^rnwn'w 

this 

GMS 1402, 1467; TSP ; VJ 21 b , 318; SCE 344, 548; 
BSTBL; Frag. Len. mwnkw, TSP 3.7 

5528 mwn'w M, C, B ( j^ ^jl, jj)j>J 
munu/o (mwnw) ^mwn'kw 

this 

GMS 960n 1 ; BBB; C2 ; SCE 417, 557 ; TSP 14.26; 
STii 8.5; BSTBL 

5529 mwnkw -^ mwn'kw 

5530 mwnw -^ mwn'w 

5531 mwrpnt B J^jhy 
mur(3and ^mwz'kk, mrY'rt(h) 

pearl 

TSP 2.98 In pl8l ; Hen. BSOAS 11, 468n 4 

5532 mwr8w B J ^ 
mur5u (z>t >t mwrSw) 

death 

BSTBL, Vim. 7, Dhu. 38; GMS 138n 1, 1143 

5533 mwrsty C *&S^ 
murste ? ©pp. 

drenched 

S W, C2, f. adj. mwrstc; C2, 14V20 

5534 mwrt- B, M, C 
murt ©pt. st. ^mrt-, myr- 
Go)die 
GMS 151; VJ; TSP; AVS 104 

5535 mwrt* M 
murta 
myrtle 
GMS 974 

5536 mwrt'jw'ndyy M 
murta-zwande (mwrt'jwndy) ^mwrt'zw'nty, 



mwrtk (y) 



o*j> 



>jy> 



mwrt^zw^ntyk^k, jw'ndyCy) 
resurrection 
GMS 1066n 1, 1068; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 148; 

mwrt y jwndyy pryy, Sogdica. 52.7, 53 

5537 mwrt'jwndy => mwrt'jw'ndyy 

5538 mwrt'k S(MD) =* mwrtk, mwrty 



o^ ■>>■ t^'«*>- 



jjj^s " u f** Jjj 



J*r& 



'J^S l ^ S 



oJL>0 ^— >-CU* j 



5539 mwrtVk ywt'w B 
murtane xutaw ©gen. pi. 
god of the dead 
TSP 5.101, 6.94,% 

5540 mwrt J t rwc S 
murtat roc **mrt } t rwc 
seventh day of the month 
MDii A-9 R9 

5541 mwrt'wy C 
murta we 

deadness 

ace. -w, C2 A R28 ; abl. -w\ C2 D V3 

5542 mwrt'y B =* mwrty 

5543 mwrtWnty S yj-^j 
murtazwande (mwrt J zwnty) -^mwrt^w'ndyy 
resurrection 

STii 3.36 4.45; Sogdica. 42; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 
148 

5544 mwrt'zw'ntykr'k S 
murtazwande-karc ©ob. pi. -ry 

^mwrt'jw^dyy 
resurrector 
KG 544; pi. -kr'yu KG 523 

5545 mwrt'zwnty C =^ mwrt'zw'nty 

5546 mwrtch B 
mortc *=>mrc, mrch, mwrtk(y) 
death 
TSP 22.12 

5547 mwrtk B 
murte (mwrt'k) ©pp. =*mwrty 
dead 

SCE 565; TSP 2.334, 8.187; Frag. 2a.l4 ; MDii B-6 
R 15, -w 

5548 mwrtk'ry S J ^ 
murt(a)kare 

death 

Hen. Tales. 480, 20 

5549 mwrtk(y) B J^ 
murtak =>mrc, mwrtch, mrch 

death 



S 



j* 



$}j* 



mwrty 



222 



.TSP 6.145, 11.22,22.10, 12 

5550 mwrty B, M, C ( jy* y..i^, jj)oj^ 
murte (mwrt'k, mwrt*y) ©<*mrtaka ©nom. 

ob. -»y ; ace. -w; voc. -*; pi. -y/ ; ob. pi. -yty 
*»myr-, mwrtk 

dead 

TSP 12.20; VJ ; Hen. Tales. 483.13; STi 57.18; STii 
4.18, 5.13, 17; BSTi 284; C2 ; Frag. Len. ; ->y, -w, 
Frag. 2a20, 23; voc. mwrt\ C2, 68V 24-, pi. 
mwrtyt, C2, 54R29; KG 524 ; Frag. Len. ; STi 
614, 8720; ob. pi. mwrtyty, C2, 77V16 

5551 mwrty d'm C j£>j>~&\ 

murte-5am ©ace. 

\ 
realm of the dead 

C2, 51V3, 4, ob. -y, 60V3 

5552 mwry»y S (<sjy : J^>)^~ 1 »h<^ <JtX 
mure/1 ©<*murya ©pi. -/ 

canal 

KG 474 p!85 

5553 mwrzk- B JsJ* 
murzk ©<*mfzuka ©nom. m. -y ; nom.f. -> 
short 

CMS 151, 522; SCE 20, 24, 98, 129, 322; BSTBL, 
Dhy. 254 ; elat. mwrzkystr "shorter" MSP bl92 

5554 mwrzk'pWy B ^U^jf «U^fU 
murzka-pa5e 

short-legged 
SCE 74 

5555 mwrzkzw'n'k B j+f-Js^ 
murzk-zwane 

short-lived 

SCE 108, 390, 424, mwrzkzwWy 

5556 mwst B (<c-J^c !:a^)jjb(^Yi;) 

must 

(name of a)drug 
TSP 3.270 

5557 mws B, M j,y> 
mus 

mouse 

SCE 333; BBB; SPAW 1907, 464; Frag. Len. 72 a 
Rl 

5558 mws* C 
musa 
Moses 
STi 56.12; STii 62, 3 5 C2, 55R20, 22; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p216 



^y 



5559 mws'k z>r B *S (^y^y J>j 
musak-zar ? 

(name of a)plant 

TSP 3286; Hen. Texts. 730 

5560 mwsky(n)c(h) =» mwskysc(h) 

5561 mwskysc(h) B, M ^jr^u 4 */ 
mOskisc, muski(n)c (mwsky(n)c(h)) ©*musa- 

kustan Skt. musikada-, Gk. mosphorbos 
wild cat 

GMS 382 n 1 5 TSP 2.644, 3249 -kynch; Benv. 

TSP n pl77 ; Hen. Tales. 478, 24 n 12; SCE 330, 

359; Frag. Len. 32, 9, 13 

5562 mwyz- C o^J^^r 
mawez ©impf. =»mnwz-, 'wyz-* 
(ro)collect 

BSTii 918.5: C2, 11R20 

5563 mwz^' S ^l 
mozak ^mwj'k, mwc^ 1 

teacher 

GMS 976n 1 ; KG 346, 399; ob. pi. mwz'kty, KG 
410 

5564 mwz'kk B 3y^ <vf* iJ ».Jjy 
muze ©*mudraka; Khot. mura; Yaghn. mirda 
pearl 

BSTBL, Dhy, 45; Hen. Tales. 468n4 ; Prolexis. 284 

5565 mwzt'k S •ju j j7«^» i^^ju 
muztak (mwzty) ©<*mwzt-Pk\ Parth. 

mwjdgd'g 
gospel bearer 
GMS 1128, 1128a 

5566 mwzty =* mwzt*k 

5567 mwztybrqy* C o jU- <«ju jjiiy* < J-^l 
muzde-parakya ^mwzt'k, mzdwc'q 

Gospel 

BSTii 895.43: C2, 54V 13, 55R 24 

5568 mxs rwc M jjj^ «^ *a^>^ jjj 
m(i)xsroc =>mys rwc 

sixteenth day of the month 
GMS 257 

5569 mxwb- C ? ^j^Ui I <o^iy 
maxuP ? ©impf. =»* } xwb(y)- 

(ro)rush 

BSTii 851.9: C2, 12V9, 3 pi. opt. mxwbynt 

5570 mxz- C jSjVlOJ^; 
maxaz ©impf. ^xz-, mnyz- 

(to)rise 



mm 



Lr*\y 



223 

C2, 77R12, 54V28; BSTii 880.12 

5571 my* 
me (myy) ©<OP maiy ©lsg. pres. pron. ob. ; 

end ^'zw, mn', -m 
me, my 
EGSii 118 ; GMS500, 1344 

5572 my' B, S yJ^^J^J 
me ©demons, pron. nom. pl. ; loc. sg. ^my 2 
these, in this 

GMS 1466 A ; nom. pi. *imai, Anc. Lett. 2, 16; 
Hen. Date. 606n3 ; loc. sg. Hen. Tales. 476, 20 n 
p ; loc. f. KG, 2058, pi. mysn(0 

5573 my- B * ^jf^cj^i^) 
mi/-e ? =>myt>y 

(^)close (eyes) 

SCE 253; 3sg. pres. myu Proiexis. 137 

5574 my^cyk B, M v^-L-^Jbti^ 
mayakcik ? ©<Av. maye, maya 

happy, suitable 

TSP 6.5; GMS 124, 1014 

5575 my'm- C o>UjW; «jj/fU 
mayam ©impf. ^ym-, m'y'ms- 

(ro)end 

BSTii 878.13; STSC 3.13; C2, 87R13, 3pl. impf. 
mfmnt 

5576 myWnt =» 'my'mntCy) 

5577 my'mnty B =» 'my'mnKy) 

5578 myc => mync 

5579 mycryn =» mcryn 

5580 mycy* C =» s } cy mycy* 

prymy5 

5581 my S' B,M,S (0>*^>Ojjj 
meG (my88, myy55, myd 1 , myS'yt) ©ob. -y % pi. 

-/, J>> y t =Mny9, m>y8 2 
day 
VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; BBB; Anc. Lett; MD ; Frag. 

Len.; KG; STii ; GMS 58, 990, 1662 ; mySS, Hen. 

Tales. 469; GMS 56; myySd, BBB ; pi. W-Lii ; 

pi. myS^yu VJ 1459; GMS 970; "days" mySu 

STi 86.16; mydmyd "every day", BSTBL, Dhu. 

210 

5582 m ^ 2 S i*S»S** *)**?<& 
me8 (myd 2 ) =»myt/9, m>y8\ WyS 

thus 

GMS 397n 1 

5583 -my5 =4 cymy5(8), 8ymy8, kymyS, nynVyS, 



myS^y 

5584 myd 1 C -* my5 x 

5585 myd J C -> my8 2 

5586 my6 M n ^'my^n 

5587 my5 w ny =» myS'ny 

5588 my6>Yty(y) M, S ^ 
meSayate ? ©=MP Vd'w; Skt. tathagata ©pi. -f 

-*m , y8 , Yt , k 
saved 
Hen. Sogdica. 27, 26 n 28; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 

141, i ; Frag. Len. 40.3 

5589 n^kk B <&J*<Jfc 
me8ak ? (m , y8 ) k(k)) ©pi. -n ob. pi. -ty 

lay 

TSP 2.792; BSTBL, Vim. 52, 54, Dhu. 31, 78, pi. 

Dhu. 393; STii 7.8 m>yS% TSP 2.792, 7.98; Dhu. 

135 ; m>m, Dhu. 135 

5590 my5 ) n M J^<^r<jL. 
me8an (myd'n, mydn) ©Av. mai8yana ; Parth. 

madyan ©ob. -y; pi. -/ =»mydy*n 
middle, waist 
GMS 183, 282; BBB; W-Lii; MSP b 158, 161, dl ; 

STi 38.1; STii 2.5; ob. postp. myd } ny t "amidst, 

amongst, C2; MSP b28, my6*n Sogdica. 43.39 

"remedy" 

5591 myd'n C =■» my8>n 

5592 myS'n'y -> my8 J ny 

5593 my8 > nc B k-j^L* 
me8anc 

middle 
TSP 14.24 

5594 myS^cy B ^l, <Ja-*j <JL* 
me8anci 

middle, mediator 

TSP 2.49; STii 10, 46, 47, 50, 52; GMS 1006 

5595 myS'ncyk B t5 U- J <^L. <4L. 
me8ancik ^myd^ncyqy* 

middle, intermediate 

TSP 15.7; BSTii 893.24: C2, 31V24; pi. -t, C2, 
57V27 

5596 myd , ncyqy > C ^j&'iS^&^'iS^^b 
me8ancikya ^myS'ncyk 

mediation 

STii 6.37; GMS 1014 

5597 myS'ny B, S, M (u>> >^w jj)OU j^^U <oL* 
meSane (my8*ny, toyS'ny) =»m8 J n 

middle, among, in, inside 

TSP; SCE; BSTBL; Frag. Len.; KG 444; STii 



my5 > yt 



224 



10.45; Talcs. 480, 6; myS'nyyt-yh, BBB; 
my6>n>y t SCE 433 

5598 myS'yt B -» myS 1 

5599 mydc'nw C 4fjL^<o<^~ 
me5canu/o 

as 

STii 5.9, 11; GMS 1596 

5600 my6c } nyy M «\j 3J 
meGcane 

daily 

CMS 1022 

5601 myScyq M <djjj 
mcGcik (myy5cyq) : 

daily 

GMS 1241; W-Lii 547.1, 570; BBB 

5602 my56 M => myS\ nVyS 2 

5603 my$kry(y) M -^ 
meGkare =»myG/tqry 

daily 

BBB 84, 714; GMS 1120 

5604 my5 my5 B j^j^a 
me6-mc9 

everyday 

BSTBL, Dhu. 210; TSP 15.8 

5605 my5n S (j4^)J>* 
mlGan, meGan ©<Av. maeOana 

dwelling 

S W, Rock. Insc. Indus Valley 1989, 134, prop. n. 
prn mySn, farn-meOan ? 

5606 mydn C => myb^n 

5607 my6ny ptkrnt'k B *j^f*Ja3 ia^j jl o^ j' °^J> 
meSane-patkarande 

cutting through the waist 
SCE 254 

5608 my5r S S y 
mi0r ©Av. mdrdOyu ©nom. gen. -y ; ace. -vv; 

loc. -yh 
death 
GMS 185, 507; Hen. Tales. 483, 15n4 ; Anc. Lett 

2.55 

5609 myfir* S j**<*J~>Aj~> 
mi9ra,misa ^mySr-y, mysyy Pyyyh, rnys- 
Mithra 

MDii p42, 10; Gersh. Advice. 92; Dietz. AI 17, 

1978, 111-114; Humbach. Mysteria Mithrae, 

1979, 717-723; mySry fiYyy, Sund. 1994, 45 



jV 



£**J 



*Sj? 



5610 my6r(y) S 
mi5r? 
seal 

MDii p62, 7;MDiii pl23 

561 1 my5ry ywt*k B ^j±>*k uf < S y * [j&** *lf 
miGre-yute (mySry ywtk) ©pi. -y> 

mortal sin 

TSP 9.11; BSTBL, Dhu. 83, Vim. 45 

5612 my5ry ywtk =» my5ry ywt>k 

5613 mydy'n C <,*U 
me5yan ^myS'n 

middle 

Sund. AoFviii 1981 p216 

5614 myy C 
mey 

cloud, gloom 
BSTii 906.1; C2, 40V 1 

5615 myyk B 
mexe ©OP mayuxa 
spike, nail 
SCE 237 

5616 myyny M 
mcync 
cloudy 
apud. S W, BSOAS 1981, 236 

5617 myhrjmnw M 
mihr-zam(a)nu *=»myr 
Sunday 

Hen. BBB p85.1, 724; Fasts. 154.3 

5618 myhry'nd M <T ^yU ^^J <~£->)^v> oh*?*, 

mihr-yand ©Parth. ? ©pi. 
followers of Mihr(a Manichean sect) 
BBB; Hen. ZDMG 690, 17n 1 ; Sund. Man. Lett. 
305.5 

5619 myj* M 0^>r ,j*^J <&*>* 
mi/eza 

lens 

Hen. BSOAS 12, 312.78 

5620 myk'yl C jjiC, 
mikail 

Michael 

BSTi 115; C2, BSTii 890.44; C2, 60V12, 15, 19 

5621 myms- C j^i jti <o-&^ 
mayams ©impf. ^yms-, myms- 

GcObe ended 



(sfr* jUj)<u^L& 






C2 ; Bcnv. Eti 324; BSTii 888.8 

5622 myn S <±jjui <»jLiP cjis 
men ? 

thought 

MDii, mynw; Frag. Len. 61.12; VJ n p93, 499 

5623 myn- 1 (uy> ^r~> j->)o*j> j$*L- <OjuU 
men ©<*mdnya- ^nVyn- 

0<?)rematn, dwell 

BBB p97 b91 ; GMS 683 ; VJ 534, 1364; TSP ; STii ; 

SCE 255; MD ; C2 ; Frag. Len.; KG 2049; inf. 

myriy y TSP 12.55 

5624 myn- 2 B, S, C jsf^tfrfjt 
me/i/on ? ©Av. man; matnya-; Pahl. menidan 
(fo)think, (/<?)decide 

VJ n p90 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 144, 156; Frag. 2a.24 ; 
MDii B-16, 6 ; TSP 12.58; myn>y, C2, 108V10, 
77R15; myn>w y VJ 6, lsg. impf. ? 

5625 myn- J B, M, C j^-u^iu^-^U 
men 

(fo)rcsemble 

GMS 641; BBB b91 ; VJ n p93 ; C2, 31V15, 77V 5 ; 
BSTii 895.48; MSP b48, 86, 13a, C2, 3, 3 

5626 myn'br C ? ^ S. ^ <<? ^L^ S. uiy i? jL^ljk 
menapar ©OP *manya-bara 

strong ?, decisive ?, resembling ?, 

plenipotentionary ? 
Lentz. STii 5.16; TSP n p228 ; Mack. BSOAS 

1970, 117 

5627 myn'mnty C i ^LS i <\^ 
menamande ©nom. 

residence 

C2, A V30; ace. myn>mntw, C2, 13V26, 48V12 

5628 myn'ndyCy) M ^uiU^lfjuU 
menande =*mynyq, myn- 1 

staying, remaining 

BBB pl29 ; W-Lii; GMS 1068 

5629 myn'ntk S <~^<xjU 
menande =»myn- 3 

similar 
MSP b 87 

5630 myn'y B ?ju ,? ^ ,ju_ t j$ 
mene ? (myny) ©Parth. frmnywg 

thought, decision, appearance ?, hope ? 
Benv. TSP n pl73 ; "decision", TSP 13ii, 6 ; 

"appearance", VJ 426 & etc.; "hope", S W, IIJ 

1976, 57 



5631 mync jUc^ ju^w 
me(n)c (myc) ©adj. suf f. 

GMS; BBB b9 ; C2 

5632 mynny C -Jun^fl* 
mene ©pi. -f; ob. pi. -/y ^myn'ndyCy) 
inhabitant 

C2, 54R23, 104V8, 9; BSTii 89423, 833.9 

5633 mynsq C jTu 
men(i)sk ? (mynysq) -^myn- 1 

resident, settler 

BSTi 247; Gersh. JRAS 1946, 182 

5634 myny =» myn } y 

5635 mynyq C jfjA* 
menik =>myn*ndy(y) 

remaining 

STii 1.88 

5636 mynysq C =* mynsq 

5637 myr M ; u jj^)<uii£ <*U ^ajjL jjj <jj 

( 

meVir ? (mysy) -^myhrjmnw 
sun, eleventh day of the month, Sunday 
BBB 724; Hen. Orientalia. 8.95 

5638 myr- (u>> ^r,:„,., jj)j^ 
mir ©OP mariya-; <*mrya-; Yaghn. mir ©pt, 

st. tnwrt- «»mwrt- 
GcOdie 
GMS 185, 593; AVS 104 

5639 myr*ycyk B j*y < S y JU ^ 
mirecik 

dying 
TSP 6.188 

5640 myry B, M j^ < J> 
mire (*jy myry, -myry) 

(action #/)dying 
TSP 11194 

5641 -myry =* myry 

5642 myrync =» myryny 

5643 myrynqy' C ^j^-O 
mirenkya 

mortality 
C2, 51V10 

5644 myryny C ^'lyvLw* 
mirene ©pres. part.; pi. -r ^n'myrync 
mortal 

voc. myryn\ C2, 51V9; pi myrynyu 57 V6: BSTii 
905.6*, f. myrync, C2, 57V9: BSTii 905.9 



myst'k 



226 



ft 



5645 myst'k B 
moste ^mstkV'k 
drunk 

TSP 2.903 

5646 mys- M 



j$* i °j~* 'ij^ 



mis (mysy) ©<mi6ra ©nom. -yy ^mySr*, 

, my5r-y, mysyy Pyyyh 
Mithra 

GMS 115, 257, 299; miOra, W-Lii 

5647 mys C 
mes 
sheep, ewe 

C2, 12R12:BSTii 849.12 

5648 mys'nd M l^To^J 
mcsand (mysnt, mysnd) 

they, them 

GMS 1385, 1480-1; BBB ; STi ; STii 1.34, 218; ob. 
mysndy(y) y GMS 1396; mysnt y, STii 2.17 

5649 mys pwyc =» mys Pwyyc 

5650 mys pwyyc M <£y ^ r^^JL. ^ .u 
mis-Puy(i)c (mys Pwyc) ^msPwyyc, xzWnc 
tenth month of the year 

Hen, Fasts. 149.11, 152.24; GMS 1275; Muller. 
SPAW 1907, 465 

5651 mysn B, S (j^ ^^ jS)\fl oU-J 
mesan, mesn ©<*imais(am) ©3pl. pers. pron. ; 

art. *=*mysnw, mys'nd, msnt 
them, they, these 
EGSii 117; GMS 1479 

5652 mysnd =* mys'nd 

5653 mysnt C ^ mys'nd 

5654 mysn w B, S !jOL^<jUJ 
mesnw ©<*imaisam ©ace. gen.; dat. =*mysn 
them, these 

GMS 350, 1401, 1466; SCE-, BSTBL; STii; Frag. 
Len. 93.9; -wh 9 SCE 517; mysny, Frag. Len. 
33.7 

5655 mys rwc M (u^^j^hjj^^^J^jjj 
mis-roc =»mxs rwc 

sixteenth day of the month 

Hen. Orientalia. 1939, 95 ; GMS 257 

5656 mysy =» mys-, myr 

5657 mysy Pyyy =* mysyy Pyyyh 

5658 mysyy =» 'mySr-y 

5659 mysyy Pyyyh M >jur^lj~+ 
misi-Payi (mysy pyyy) -»mys-, mySr* 



MihryazdO/ie third messenger) 
BBB 724, *mi9ra-baga; Gersh. AHM 34, 40f ; 
' W-Lii: Gropp. p40 ; KG 560; mysyy fiYw, 
Sund. 1994, 46.17 

5660 myG C (<j>> >^ jj) jjj 
me0 ©ob. -y ; pi. -u ob. pi. -ty ^nVyS 1 , nVy8\ 

myS 1 
day 
STi 50.6; BSTi 166; C2 gloss, n pl84 ; STii 3.57, 

6.5, 29; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p216 ; AoFiii 13V 

18, 18V 3, pr myO "daily" 

5661 myt C ol*j-ui 
me/it ? 

intention 

Sund. AI 1988, 182 

5662 myt'y B ^^^^C^) 
mc/ite ? (mytk) ©/may-, Khot. mdmdjs 

=»my- 
shut, closcd(ey«) 
BSTBL, Dhy. 25, 34, 102, 137; Bailey. Prolexis. 

137 

5663 mytk =* myt J y 

5664 mytr'k/'y B 1*^ wil «l>u£> 
maitrc -^m^tr'k 

Maitriya 
TSP; SCE 

5665 mytry(y) M j^tol* 
mitre/i 
love 
GMS 198n 1 

5666 myt/8 C (uy >A* j-O^o^J 
me5/9 ©<*hama-i6a =»my5\ m , y5 1 
thus, so, until 
GMS 397n 1 

5667 my0/tqry C (j^Jjj)^-*" 
me9-kare ©pi. -f =»mySkry(y) 
daily, continually 
STi 33.9; STii 1.16; C2, 1R26 

5668 my9 xsp J C j^ 
meG-xsap(a) =»my0 
day and night 
C2, 55V 26 

5669 myw B, M 
myu ©Khot. muyU Chin, miau 
tiger 

SCE 301, 358; TSP 2.635, 681, 713, 811, 3.137, 6.8, 
8.166; BBB 



j** 



jjj 



<uLi 



*rt 



>J^J 



V 



>y 



5670 myy M =» my 1 

5671 myy6cyq M =» my8cyq 

5672 myyS8 M =» myS 1 

5673 *myz- B 
me/iz ? 
(/<?)let go 
TSP 2.299; Hen. Texts. 718 

5674 myz>y S, B 
meze ©Av. maez\ MP /mz 
urine 

Hen. BSOAS 1946, 718, TSP 2.299, myn>y ; S W, 
BSOAS 1991, 490 

5675 myzd S * 
mizd ? ©Av. mizda 
salary, reward 

Anc. Lett. 248, 49; Bailey. Prolexis. 280 

5676 mz» M, S ♦> 
miza ?, muza ©f. nom. sg. mi/uz-i ob. ~y 

*=*nymz-, nmzy* 
eyelash 
Hen. Sogdica. 4, 1 f. n 1; S W, BSOAS 1991, 492, 

muzayi 

5677 mz'n- C oJjL^rV-' 'u^ 1 ^ <u^ol>^i 
mazan ©impf. -^z'n- 

GcOconfess, (^acknowledge, (to)give thanks 
C2, 51V20 

5678 mz'w- C d^^j 
mazaw ©impf. #'zw 

(ro)give life 

BSTii 889.32: C2, 60R32 

5679 mz'y YYntych S -Vj>^) d;^~* J- ^ .U 

mazexandec (m } zy YYntych) =»RBYYntyc, 

YzWnc 
sixth month of the year 
MDii ; B Hen. Orientalia. 8, 94 ; MDiii p58-59 

5680 mz^Y YrP'k B (i Jjf ^o/)^ J jy 
mazex-Yarpak ©Skt. mahamati 

very wise 

TSP 2.603 etc. 

5681 mz'yYOi) B jU-mJ* 
mazex ©<Av. mazyah ©ace. -w, pi. -f 

"^mz'yxch, mzyx 
great, big 
VJ; TSP ; SCE; BSTBL; Frag. Len. 



J^i 



5682 mzVrk' B J,y 
mazezk ? (mz^xk) 

big, great 

SCE 62, 257; GMS 396 

5683 mz'yn B ^iL^^U 
mazen ©Av. *hama-zaena-; MP zen =*mzyyn 
armour, armoured 

VJ 921; GMS 397 

5684 mz'yx B =* mz'yYOO 

5685 mz'yxch S ^cJ'jj 
mazexc/k (mz'yxk) ©f. -ch\ m. -k; adj. 

^mz^YCh) 
big, old 
Anc. Lett. 2.40, 2.53; GMS 396, 976 

5686 mz'yxk =** mz'yxch 

5687 mz'yxy'k S J , y 
mazexyak ^mzyxy* 

greatness 
KG 328 

5688 mzdw^q C *>y t J~*jI <OjULj 
muzducak ©^mwzd'cq ^mwzd-fcq 

Gospel 

STii 1.96; GMS 1019 

5689 mzYd- C l y : ~=r- ^o^^r 
mazYa5 ©impf. =»>zYd- 

0o)leap 

BSTii 890, 55; Ben v. JA 1955, 315; C2, 60V23 

5690 mzmwr C (^o* Jj^jyyi^yjyj 
mazmur ©pi. -u ob. pi. -ty 

psalm 

-ru C2, 31V17; -rty, C2, 31V 27, BSTii 893.27, 

897.17; mzmwr\ STi 56.13; Sund. AoFiii 60, 

13V 13 

5691 mzny'n 5yw M (uj^)y^ (<-& ft) 
mazanyan-5ew ©MP mazan 

{name of a)demon 

GMS 1049; Hen. BSOAS 11, Giants. 54n3 , 

5692 mzprt C ^U 
mazpart =»mnzprt, mndzprt 

impure 

BSTii 829.26; C2, 102R19; pi. -tt, C2, 102R26 

5693 mzt'yzn M j^^jj cc^^y 
mazdezn, mazdayazn(-den), maz 
Mazdaworshiper 

Hen. JRAS 1942, 240n 3; GMS 284, 375 ; Gersh. 
Sogd. Cpds. 139a 







i 



i 






mzy'tr 



228 



5694 mzy'tr C 

mazyatar ©pi. -t 



fS. 



>J> 



► msy'tr 



( jJju>)^a az—Prj* 



greater 

GMS 1293; BSTii 893, 24: C2, 31 V 24 

5695 mzyy M => mzyx 

5696 mzyySts S j f**fk j r^-* JjJ) ^jj ,>" J 

mazex-5ats 

eighth and fifteenth and twenty third day of 

the month 
MDiii p61, 4 A4R(5) 

5697 mzyn M =* mzyyn 

5698 mzyx M, C \ J jy 
mazex (mzyy) ©pi. -t =^mz , yy(h), mz'yxch 
great 

GMS 403, 939, 1234, 1237; BBB; W-Li 40; Hen. 
Cosm. 307, 1, 7 ; Fasts. 154.9; STii; BSTi 125; 
BSTii: C2, pi. mzyxh GMS 1249; MSP b30, 
miyhr, comp. 

5699 mzyxs'q C 
mazexsak 

important^/ great account) 
STSC 118 J, 120 

5700 mzyxs^y* C 
mazcxsakya 
greatness, importance 
C2, 6V 15,69V 15-6, 86R 4 

5701 mzyxy* M 
mazexya -^mz'yxy^ 
greatness 

BBB f83 ; GMS 1111; mzyyxy\ Hen. Cosm. 307.42 

5702 mzyyn M -^u 
mazen (mzyn) ©*hama-zaena ^mz'yn 
armour 

GMS 29, 397; >nYt mzyn, GMS 335n 1 

5703 mzyyx M J^j, 
mazex =»mzyx 

great 

Hen. Tales. 473 



(j-u^c^-^O^T 



Jji 



X 



n/N 



5704 n- C 

n (nbr'trty, ndywyd, np*ryqty) ©<ana ©conj. 

perpos. 
to 



(oJU»Lj)aX*i_ I tA^JX — « 



ur^W< 



^Lb iAxalU 



Benv. JA 1955, 321f, nbrUrty, ndywyd 

5705 -n B, S (JL*U ^ L^jSi- *^ 
nOtn, >kytn) ©Ipers. pi. pron. ? ==>>PZY, 

>XRZY(n), >YKZY, ZKZY(n) 
encletic particIeG?/ indefinable meaning) 
Hen. BSOAS 12605 n 3; SCE p61 ; BSTBL pi 12 

5706 n w =» n> 

5707 n»- =* n>- 

5708 n M w yt M 
na-ayat 

future(nc»r (yet)come) 
BSTBL, Dhy. 162, 237 

5709 n^pyVtfeL'pyrt) 
na-Pyart, na-pirt 

unobtained, unobtainable 
BSTBL, Dhy. 391, 292; GMS 1158 

5710 n M sptsrwsy M (^J*, >UT -o-)jUyU 
na-spat-srose 

disobedient(one whose obediance is not 

complete) 
BBB 687; GMS 1156 

5711 n^wd'wny* C J^^'jaU^t 
na-xu6awanya 

lack of zeal 

C2, 52V7 

5712 n> B u 
na (n*) ©1st. pers. pi. pron. 

we, us 

GMS 1379; VJ 1285-, JRAS 1942, 100 

5713 n 1 — (u>^» ^"r 1 j-*)^ **j *b 
na (n*, n*-) ©privative pref., pro. adv. ^ny, 

nw- 1 , mnd-, L* 
not, non- 
GMS 1155, 1160; BBB p58 ; n\ BSTBL, Dhy. 370 

5714 n> "yt frn M (<jLjJ)Jdy*<<^i^ 
na-ayat-farn 

unfortunate 
GMS 1156, 1654 

5715 n'VyKk) B •j^JJyujJ- 
na-azit(e) ©Idg. U*ZY 

nonbirth, not having rebirth, unborn ? 
BSTBL, Dhu. 195, 276; SCE 563 

5716 n'p B, S (uy> y^ jj)j>^*\o1»yv* 
naf (n } Ph) ©<Av. nafa ©ace. -h> ; ob. - ()) y y 

-yh% pi. -t =*n>f, n } p 



^gfSMmmimm 



229 



n'fcy' 



people, nation, country 

VJ; TSP; BSTBL; SCE; MD; KG; Frag. Len ; 

Tales. 483.17; pi. n>fit 9 TSP 2.201; Frag. Len. 

38.15; CII 1990 E3 

5717 n'P'k B oU 
nafe ©Khwar. n*fyk\ Yaghn. nofa 

navel 

BSTBL, Dhy. 263 

5718 n } pr(=Vpr) b (•Jj~«)^soj±**l* 
naPar 

notriding 

VJ 317; GMS 902n 1, 1159 

5719 n'pc'k -» n>fc 

5720 n'pc'kh B ^^ 
* nafcak -^Pcy' 

country 

TSP 2.704, 3.216, BSTBL, Vim. 144; GMS 
1003 n 1 

5721 n'pc'ny B ^^,jL><Ju 
naTcane 

local, national 
SCE 258; GMS 1040 

5722 n'pcy B, S J~<J* 
nafc(e), nafci 

national 

TSP 22.1; MDiii A13, 10; GMS 1006 

5723 n'pcy* B, S cXU, yT 
nafcya/i (n*Pcyh) -^n'Pc'kh, n'fcy* 

country, land 

GMS 1003n 1; BSTBL, Vim. 141, 158; Bugut. 
Insc. B2.4 

5724 n'pcy'kh B, S pyo.^ 
nafcya(k) 

country, people 

SCE 395, 565; BSTBL, Vim 101, 106; TSP 2.846; 

Bugut. Insc. B2.12; Frag. Len. 32.18; n'ficyK 

Vim 105 

5725 n'pcyh =» n>pcy> 

5726 n>pcyk B ^ 
nafcik ©pi. -t ^n'fcyq 

countryman, compatriot 
TSP 2.836; BSTBL, Vim. 62 

5727 n J p5»r B j^j^ 
naf-5ar 

governor, sovereign 
TSP 5.4; GMS 1135 

5728 n'ph B =» n >P 



Ojljl t-^j^ 



5729 n'pn'mk M -uU^y <UpS pU c— ^ 
nafname 

people's list, list of nations 

Sogdica. p8a 

5730 0^0511 M ^jf^T^ 
naPar-tans (=n } -Prt-tns) 

undisturbed 

Sogdica. 7.16n p8, " sans-souci ", not bearing 
sorrow 

5731 n'prtpcxwnyCh) M xf^ jl^ij j^j^^^S 
napart-pacxone 

one who does not tolerate reproaches 
BBB 687 ; GMS 1156; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 
147 

5732 n'bxt C Jxx 
na-paxt/-payd (bxt) 

not fated 
C2, 69V28 

5733 n , cr , yq ) C 
nasryak 

Nazaret 

BSTi 249 

5734 *n ) 6p , Yst(=L , 6p , Yst) B 
na-5Paxst 

not having obtained 
VJ 241, 243; GMS 1158 

5735 n'dyst C 
na 5esat, n^-dist ? ©Skt. desa 
unbuild, without place, unlocated 
Sund. AI28, 1988 pl82 

5736 n'f M, C 
naf ©ob. -y ; pi. -t =»n } P, n'p 
people, nation 

GMS 311, 530; BSTii 881.9, 918.5: C2, 11R20, 
12R7, 12V 2, 13R 22; STii 4.36, 5.39, 43; BSTi 
183 

5737 n } fc C (*j^ ^h j~**)>J 
nafc (n'Pc'k) ©pi. n y fst\ ob. pi. n y fsty =»Yw } m 

n>fc 

personbnember of a community) 
STi 25.18, 27.11; C2 gloss.; GMS 1003 

5738 n'fcy' C j>^<ol 
nafcya =^n } Pcy* 

nation, country 
C2, 11R22 



( <3(-J C— ' ->) <CJ>- J JU-o 



?<^U«? 



cJU cfl 



■ps 



n'fcyq 



230 



h 



! 



5739 n'f cyq M J*><J+ 
nafcik =»n } Pcyk 

national, local 
GMS 1015 

5740 n'frst M (uj^)^ 
n5-frast =»frst-, fryz- 

not rcadyiun ploughed) 

BBB c37 ; Sogdica. 16.14b, n pl9 

5741 n*fst C fy*(d.^Cj/>0fJ>' 
nafst ©pU ob. -y ^n^c 

community, people 
BSTii 836.9; C2 



5742 n'ftyrcyq C 

naftircik 



I 



•^ J^T <olJ*&** 



0- u 



not passing away 
C2, 57V 7 

5743 n»Y B 
nax ^n*x 
here, be hold 
VJ 142 

5744 nYn B 
naxa/un (n'yn) (DKhot. nahane 
nail 

VJ 1465, 1468, 1477; TSP 5.1, 11, 68, 88; nTn, 
TSP 2.456; Gersh. AHM 277n ; Bailey. Prolexis 
132 

5745 nVr B *j>s«lj£ <Uifc Jj£ oy 
naxar -^n'h'r 

foodless, without food, in fast 
GMS 63; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 142; VJ 317, 
1092; TSP 3.50; Benv. "not able to walk" 

5746 n*yn ■* nYn 

5747 n'yrpty M 
na-yarPde, na-yrapde 
incomprehensible 
GMS 1158-9 

5748 n^rpyny M 
na-yarPene =»L } yrPyny 
ignorant 

GMS 1157, 1636 

5749 n^wstw'nypttL'ywstw'nyf) S(M) ^x^of>*l 

na-xustwanift 

one who does not practise confession 

GMS 1160 



; Lu i^^jUU 



OfcU 



-jib t JUU 



Uyjl 



5750 n'h'r M (? >0 .-j^^^li* 
nahar ^n'y'r 

not having eaten 

GMS 63; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 143 

5751 n^j- M J^^'O^/o^^ 
naz =»n ) sny(h) > n } z- 

(fo)roll, (w)twist, (fcOturn around 
GMS 266 ; BBB b60, 2sg. pres. n'jyh 

5752 n'jwq M 
na-zuk =»jwk 
unsound, unwell 
GMS 1060, 1156 

5753 n'k (,) B, M, S 
nak/g ©<Skt. naga ©pi. -u gen. pi. -Vi 
dragon 

TSP 3.131 & etc.; BSTBL, Intox. 35, Padm. 10; 
Frag. Len. 9329: O 7 29 ; BBB 

5754 nVm C J~* jjju «l^U 
na-kam (L'k'm) 

unwilling 

BSTii 889.21; Benv. JA 1955, 310; C2, 27R10 "not 
desiring" 

5755 nVstn'k B (U->;/ ^ :jt^>) v ^U «>^J 
nak-astane 

bathing poo\(dragon-pond) 

TSP 3.126; BSTBL, Vim. 80; GMS 1118 

5756 nWk B (•>J'li)SJLJsc*ji 
na-krte, nak(s)te, nakarte (n'krt'y, n>krtk) 

=>n'qty 
si\ver(not coined) 
VJ 85, 55 d , 558, 618, 8 C ; BSTBL, Dhy. 259, 

n>krt } kw ; VJ 46, 12 ( , 976, n'krt'y, VJ 84, 494, 

1163; Dhy. 257 

5757 n'krt'y B =» n'krt'k 

5758 n 5 krt>y p>my B ^*j6 
na-krte- Pame 

silver coloured 

BSTBL, Dhy. 262 

5759 n'kr^yn'k B ^j, 
nakrtene (n'krt'yn'y, n'krtyn'k) ^n'ktn'k, 

n^tynyy, n'krtynch 

silvern 

BSTBL, Dhy. 259, 260, 261 

5760 n'krt'yn'y =» n'krt'yn'k, n'ktynyy 

5761 n'krtk -> n»krt>k 



—■^■^^^AHH^^^M^^ 



mmm 



231 



n'mqyn 



j/»j* 



^ 



>n*qty 



5762 n'krtkvwnc B 

na-krte-yonc 

silvern 

BSTBL, Dhy. 290, 292 

5763 n>krtk-(w) B, S 
na-krte, nak(ar)taku 
silver 

VJ 46, 12 ( , 976; Anc. Lett. 5.10, 21, 22, 27; 
BSTBL, Dhy. z*0, 292 

5764 n'krtyn'k =* n'krt'yn'k 

5765 n'krtynch S ^ju 
na-k(or)tenc, nakrtcne ©f. adj. =»n } ktync, 

n , krt»yn*k * 

silvern 
MDii Nov. 4R20 

5766 n'kry'cyq M 
na-karya-cik «*kry*cyq 
untimely 
GMS 1014, 1120; Sund. Man. Lett. 310.11 



JtJ^^jJ i*\>JJ^<i\j 



J** jjX ij\^ 



>rk 



A* 



Kjt-Oj* 



Lpi 6 ^ 



5767 n'kt'rq M 
na-k(o)t- ark ©adj. 
inactive, ineffective 
Sogdica. 29.9, GMS 1156 

5768 n'kt'rky'h M 
na-k(o)t-arkya ©adv. 
inactively 
Sogdica. 29.7 n p30 ; GMS 1156 

5769 n'qtc* ? M 
na-k(o)tca ©f. adj. =»n*krtynch 
silvern 
BBB el4 

5770 n'ktn'k B 
nak(o)tne =»n l krtynch, n'krtfy^k 
silvern 
TSP 7.12 

5771 n'qty C 
na-k(s)te GVkrt'y) ©ace. -tw 
silver(/io/ coined) 

STi 45-12, 49.1; BBB; GMS 1054, -tw, -fy, BSTii: 
C2, 51R18, 21, 102R18 

5772 n'ktync M 
na-k(3)tenc ©f. adj. ^n'krtynch 
silvern 
Hen. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 151; GMS 1273 

5773 n J ktynyy M 
na-k(o)tene (n'krt'yn'y) 



*_5 _j£~ ^0 



IfijAi 



iji°J* 



CSiO* 



(o/)silver, silvern 

GMS 1054; Hen. Tales. 473.47; BBB 

5774 n'm * (0>>>^ j-O^.^^ 
nam ©<naman- ©ob. -y ; pi. -/ 

name 

GMS 332, 940 

5775 n'm- B, C, S ^b^jU 
nam 

(fo)be named 

GMS 604; VJ 151, 412, 48 d ; TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 95, 
Dhy. 388; STi; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p2l6; BSTii 
826: C2, 1R17, 18, 94R12; MDii Nov. 3R5 

5776 n'm'k 1 B, S x^ «JT <mIs 
name (n'mk, n'm'y, ntoy 2 ) ©<*ndmaka ©pi. 

-t(h) 
letter, word, document 
BSTBL, Dhu. 177; -w, MDii p205 ; MDiii pi 24; 

CII 1990F1.G8 

5777 n'mV B, S o^.< f L; 
name (nWy) ©ob. ? 

name 

TSP 5.9, 12.39, 42, 16.26; STi 7.4; STii 7.20; pi. 
nW )} *f, MD 

5778 n > m , n ) ntk(=L , m ) n > ntk) B o^aU,xjLaU 
na manande 

dissimilar 

SCE 12 

5779 n'm'y *± n'm'k 2 

5780 n'm'ytk B O x-foi^?<, 
namite =*n } mtk, n'my^kCw) 

deceitful, deceptive 
BSTBL, Dhu. 143,219 

5781 n'mcy B 
namci 

famous 
BSTBL, Dhy. 12 

5782 n'mynty B f Uij 
nam-yante ? 

slander 

TSP 7.42 n p211 

5783 ^mk =» n'm'k 1 

5784 n'mqyn C ^U^IjuU 
nam-ken ©Parth. namgen 

famous 

BSTii 889.26: C2, 60R26 



qJ^j j3 



jljuU ii^ 



5785 n'mr- M, C ^^ 
namr ©adj. =4nmr, n'mr'wy, n'mrtr 

sweet 

Gersh. MJM p48; S W, BSOAS 1983, 42 

5786 n'mrNvy C J^J 1 ^^ 
namrawe ^n'mr- 

sweetness 

BSTii 893.19: C2, 31V19 "modesty"; GMS 1082 

5787 n'mrtym^ B r ^U 
na-martaxme ©pi. -t 

nonhuman 

TSP 5.6; GMS 1155 

5788 n'mrtr M Jjt^ 
namrtar (n'mrtry ?) ©comp. adj. ^n'mr-, 

♦n'mrystr 
sweeter 
BBB 622; GMS 1285, 1306, KG 368; Sund. pl85 

5789 nWtry ? -» ^mrtr 

5790 n'mryh M ^^ 
namrya ^n'mr-, nmr^kh 

sweetness 

BBB p97 b85 ; GMS 1285 

5791 Vmrystr C Jjlj~ 
namristar «*nmrystr 

sweeter 

Schwartz. AoF 1974, 258; nmrystr, apud. Sund. 
KG pl85 

5792 n'mtk B 
nam(i)te ^nWytk 
deceitful 
SCE 259 

5793 n'my' ? B 
nami -^n'mcy, n'mqyn 
famous 
TSP 12.41 

5794 n'my 2 -> n > m>k I 



*x~ij* 



5795 



n'myrync 



VjsA)iS- x il<'*iJ s r 



nS-mirenc, *nl-mirene ©f. adj. 

immortal 

BSTii 905-9: C2, 57V 9 

5796 n'myt'kCw) B uJ^J 
namite/~taku -^n'nVytk, n>mtk, n'myt'w 
deceit(/tf/), illusion 

TSP 9.141 n p222 ; VJ 230 & etc.; BSTBL, Dhy. 
273 ; n'myt'kw, VJ 186 & etc. 

5797 n'myt'w B ^j 



namitau/w ? ©nom. sg. ^n'myt'kCw) 

illusion 

VI 12 d 

5798 n'myty'kh B i^^^tJ 
namityak 

deceit 
STii 7.19 

5799 ii 1 ny'my M ^^ 
na-niyame 

untimely 

GMS 1155, 1645 

5800 n } nywsny C yj^Jj*- < jU^U 
na-niyosne 

disobedient 

BSTii 848.61; ace. -nw, C2, 69V 27 

5801 n* npxst C ^^Uw^^j 
na nipaxst 

not written, unwritten 
Sund. AI 28, 1988, 182 

5802 n'p S j^T 
naf =»n>p, n>f 

country 

Anc. Lett. 2.10 

5803 n* p5kcyq M ^j^j^ 
na-pa5k-cik ? «^p5kcyq 

illegal, unlawful 

GMS 1014, 1156; Sund. Man. Lett. 310.11 



j^'j 3 ^ 



5804 n'prs- ? S 
na-prs ©impf. =^'prs- 
(rcOtake leave 

Anc. Lett. 2.39; GMS 608 n 1 

5805 n'prty C .uf ^ 
na-p(o)rte ? ©ace. ~tw 

not guilty 
C2,51V19, 56R5 

5806 n'ptsty'n C &\j^iJjAAs 
na-patstyan ? ©pi. -t 

inconstant 

BSTii 908.11: C2.40R 11, 12 

5807 n* pxwst C ^u coj^JIj 
na p(a)xust 

notdrawn, unconceived, not obtained 

Sund. AI 98, 1988, 183; xarins-, poxas <pdxars 

5808 n'r'kh B p 
narak 

pomegranate 



233 



nVzyCy) 



VJ 1019, 1020, 1021, 1027, 1036, etc.; Laufer. 
p285 

5809 nYkr'k B <*-W<Aji 
nar-kare ©Knot, nala; <Indo. ndda 

actor 

SCE 123; GMS 363; Bailey. Prolexis. 132 

5810 n* rwyst C (^jj 1 «^jk)>j> r j jl" O^x <«x-w^ 
narwest ©Av. urvaes-; Parth. urvista- 
without thread 

Sund. AI 28, 1988, 183 

58 1 1 n's B, M, C ji jT <^U «lj 
nas =»n } sy(y) 

corruption, destruction, hacm 
TSP 6.14, 46, 8.138; BSTii 887.10; MSP; C2, 
91R10 



-£'j_>- 



;U 



5812 n'swft M («U0* 
na-suft, na-su(3d =»swJ3t(y) 
notbored, notpicrced 
Hen. Talcs. 467.55 

5813 n J sy(y) M 
nas(e) ^n } s 
corruption 

Yrywn*sy* "self corruption"; BBB 546; MSP bl78 

5814 n'sny(h) M .ju^-ob/ 
nasnc =»n*j- 

rolling, turning 

GMS 266, 1068; Hen. BSOAS 12, 312, 112 

5815 n'st- B 0^-^O^uUj 
nast ©pt. st. =*nys-\ n'stk, nst- 

Ookorrupt 
GMS 109, 830 

5816 n»stk B 
naste ©pp. =»nys-\ n'st- 
spoiled, destroyed 
BSTBL, Vim. 50 

5817 n^yrywzy C(S) ( a / J 
na-sirxoze ©ob. pi. ~ty 
enemyOior friend) 
STi 31.19 

5818 n'w C 
naw (n } wh) ©OP nav- ©ob. -y =»nw- 3 
ship 

SCE 539; VJ 63 e ; BSTii 893.23; ob. n>wy, STi 79.4; 
nwy, BSTii 879.6, 8: C2, 31V23, 87V6, 8 

5819 n>w- M, S o^y<jJutjJ<o^o& 
naw ©Skt. navate =»nw-\ ^n'w- 

Go)shake 



JU-li i<~>\jp~ <C)ljiJ 



-b tt^jib)^ 



£tj^f 



BBB 490; GMS 546; Sogdica. 21.2b ; Anc. Lett. 
2.51; AVS 81 

5820 nV- -> nw- : 

5821 nNvft C 4& 
na-waft 

untold(wor said) 
Sund. AI 28, 1988, 183 

5822 n'wh B =* n>w 

5823 n'wmyk ' B j^Y* 
naumik, nomik ©OP navama =#nwmyq 

ninth 

TSP 3.110, 9.26; BSTBL, Vim. 186; GMS 1331 

5824 n'wn B ? v *--<*^jj 
nawan ? ©Yaghn. now ©pi riwnnt =*n'ywk 

river 

BSTBL, Dhy. 325; GMS 1031 

5825 n'wsrSyc M, S (s^r-y^j^J^Sj^ 
nau-sar§i/cc ©Khwar. ndwsarci 

first month of the year 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.2, 151.15; GMS 1275; MDii 
A4R4 

5826 nNvt'y ? B =* nsm(y) 

5827 n'wts M ^^ 
nau-tas, no-tas (nwts-) =*nwtsmyq 

nineteen 
Sogdica. p46.7 

5828 n'wy m'y => n'wy s'w'nc nVy 

5829 nNvyn'ncyk M J^O^jlU 
na-wenancik =»wyn } ncyk 

invisible 
GMS 1156 

5830 n*wy s'w'nc m'y S y u 

naw swanc max ? (n'wy m } y) =»nwy 

new moon 
MDiipll7.15npl21f 

5831 n J wyt C =» n'wyyt 

5832 n'wyyt M ( xjO)Jj^<ju_.U; 
na-wit (n'wyt) 

invisible 

GMS 1158; Hen. Tales. 473; Sund. AI 28, 1988, 
183 

5833 n'wzyCy) M ->j>L.>> ^^ <<0^ 
naw(a)ze ©Parth. nawdz =»n } w, nw'z 

sailor 
GMS 125 



234 



1? 



J*' 



i; 



^La^^Iw 



x<c— UU 



$ 



^ J <>' « 



■)< 



0^* *,y olXi Vrr^ 



5834 n>x C 
nax =^11^ 'wnwn'x 
that is, namely 
BSTii: C2, 40R21, 61R20; Benv. JA 1955, 324 

5835 n>xwp M 
na-xup 
not good 
GMS 1156 

5836 n*xy5 M (<**! <o^*j ijojb^jLAl 
naxiS (n'xyd) ©anahitd ©ob. -y ; pr, name 

VcnusCtfar), Nahid (godess, Anahita) 
BBB 724; GMS 269; C2, 12V 11, 12, 9 

5837 n'xyd C «# n>xy5 

5838 nV S 
nc *=»ny 

no, not 

Anc. Lett. 3.4 ; Noteslii 235 

5839 n y C, S 
nay ? ©adv.-, interj. =»nys 
be hold, lo 
Benv. JA 1955, 312; BSTii: C2 gloss.; STi 17.2, 

75.11; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p26 ; MDii A-9V4 ; 
Anc. Lett. 150; tfyh, MSP bl55 

5840 n ys- B 
niyas ©impf. -^ny's-, nyy>s- 
(/cOtake 
VJ 36 b , 848, 863, 1194, 1210; MDii 

5841 n yty ? S 
niyate ©pp. 
captive 
MDii p37.12 Nov. 3V12, 5 

5842 n'ywk M 
nayuk (n'ywq) ©Av. ndvaya% OP naviya 

=*nywqst 
deep 
Hen. BSOAS 12, 309.22; pi. n'ywkt, n'ywkw, MSP 

b62, 193 

5843 n'ywq =» n*ywk 

5844 n'ywk'wyy M 
nayukawe ^n'ywk 
depth 
Hen. Cosm. 307, 22 p39 

5845 n } ywk(w) S 
nayuk 
deep 
Sund. MHC 31 



*f 



>/, 



^jj'ih** 



Sjj'i}**' 



l3s** '*~*JJ 



5846 n'z- B o*~fr>, <&^j>- 
naz ^n'j- 

0o)turn 

3sg. pres. n'zu TSP 2.292; Hen. Texts. 718; S W, 
BSOAS 1983, 43 

5847 nVkk S(AL) ** n'zwk w 

5848 nVntk B .x^-ok/ 
nazande 

turning 

BSTBL, Dhy. 45, 55, 254, 401; Benv. Notesii 218; 
GMS 1068 

5849 n'z'yny =* n'zyny 

5850 n'zwk^ B, M jJjb^jU 
nazuk (n^kk) 

delicate, dear 

VJ 64, 1387-, GMS 978; Gersh. JNES 1965, 183; 
/fVAJfc, Anc. Lett. 4.3 

5851 n'zyny C J^O^ 
na-zenc ?, na-zayne ? (n'z'yny) ©ace. -w 

=»zyny 
not speaking, dumb 
BSTii 885.20: C2, 51R20; Sund. AI 1988, 183 

5852 np^t B,S (O^/^^)^"'^^ 
niPand ©prepos. postp. =>nPnd, nbnt(y), 'np'nt 
with, together, near 

n0 y nty, MDii; Hen. BSOAS 1965, 248 

5853 n p>ntk B jlji 
niPande =*nPndy 

bridle 

TSP 3.233, 238, 5.24 

5854 np>nt np>nt B jty* ,^, jVv <^c^ 
niPand-niPand 

successively 

TSP 2.4.168, 1206; Hen. Texts. 715; BSTBL; 
nJFnty, Dhu. 132; Dhy. 126 

5855 np'rytk ** nPr'ytk 

5856 np'ynt- B -^ 
ni-Pend ©<*ni-bandaya ©impf. nyfl^ynt 
0<?)attach 

TSP 13.27 

5857 np'ynth B J^j 
niPa/snd ? ^nP'nt 

near 
TSP 3.297 

5858 np'yr- B, S jj/^p^/^ 
niPer ©impf. nyfiyr =»npyr- 



iMi 



235 



(ro)plan, O^Otake counsel 

TSP 12, 64, 67; Benv. z/Pyn Hen. Texts. 715; 

Frag. Len. 69.34, Sund. MSP M76, 174; AVS 

104 

5859 np'yr B ^yjj^jj^ 
ni{3er 

counselling 

TSP 13.8; Hen. Texts. 715 

5860 nP'yr'kh B, S •jj^^>Jj^ j >^ 
nipera(k) =*nP } yr- 

counselling 

Frag. Len. 36.4, 81.3; TSP 2.53; Hen. Texts. 715; 
GMS 676 . 

5861 np'yrtk S *^C> 
niperte 

planned 
Sund. MHC 25 

5862 npy- B jisv^^ 
naPy ? ®<nYwft ©ace. -w; ob. -y «»nywP-, 

nyp- 
excellent 
TSP 7.195, 5.8, 41, 70, 15.25; GMS 445 

5863 nbyy C = n+byy =» n-, Py- 

5864 npnd M .1^*1 
niPand ©postp. -^nP'nt, nbnt(y), } np } nt 

with, by, near 
GMS 1224 

5865 npndy M jLil 
nipande ^np'ntk 

bridle 

BBBbl3 ; GMS676 

5866 nbn8 =$ nbnt(y) 

5867 nbnt(y) C Jtf <*JL>j <*\j** A 
niPand (nbn9) ->nP'nt, nPnd 

with, by, near 

STi 37.18, 47.13, 52.3 etc.; AoFviii 1981 p2l6-, 

STii 2.9, 3.64; BSTii 884.14, 15, 888.10, 904.26, 

890.43 ; C2 gloss. 

5868 npr'ytk B a ju^<-u*f 
ni-Prayde ? (nP'rytk, nbr'ytk) 

crushed, pounded 

TSP 3.172 n pi 77; Padm. 39, Mack. BSTBL n pll 

5869 nbr'ytk B =» nPr'ytk 

5870 nbr'trty C = n+br } trty =» n-, Pr't 

5871 nbr'ty C = n+br>ty =» n-, Pr>t 

5872 npryc S ^^ 



nfryyn 

nifric ©f. pt. part.; ob. -y =»nfryty 

cursed 

CII 1990 E3 n p43 

5873 npt»k B j'y<vA^ 
nap/fd/te (nptk) =4npty(y) 

moist, humid 

nfiek *zytk "moisture-born", BSTBL, Vaj. 3 

5874 nptcKh) S(M) v >^ 
naftca ©<*napdca', Av. napta-, Khwar. nflc 

©f. adj. =*nftt 
moist 
GMS 1272; BBB 486; Sogdica. 64.13, nptc^y 

5875 nptk -» nPt'k 

5876 npty(y) M jly< v >^ 
naPde ©Pahl. naft =*nftt, npt'k 

moist 

BBB f59, 491, 500 

5877 nPyr- M o^oj^ 
niPer ©impf. nyfiyr ? ^nPyr't-, nP>yr- 
Ookounsel 

GMS 536; MSP b 176; AVS 104 

5878 npyr't- M O^/ojyL, 
niPerat ©pt. inf. **nP*yr- 

(rokounsel 
GMS 536 

5879 ndbtyqy C = n+dbtyqy => n~, 6ptyk 

5880 ndymyd C = n+dymyd =» n-, 5ymy5 

5881 ndywnt C = n+dywnt ^ n-, dywnt 

5882 ndywyd C = n+dywyd =^ n-, dywyd 

5883 nfryn =* nfryyn, nfryty 

5884 nfryty M,C oj^^-^jt^ 
nifrlte (nfryn) ©voc. nfryt-, ace. nfrytw-, pi. -t\ 

voc. pi. -ty =>nfryyn, nPryc 

cursed, accursed 

GMS 1253, 1259; BSTii 917.9: C2, 52R9; STi 26.6 

5885 nfrywn M, C ^ 
nifriwan ©<*ni-friwana =»nfryyn 

curse 

GMS 1084; BSTii 858.8: C2, 23R8 

5886 nfrywncyk M yjt 
nifriwancik 

curse 
GMS 1015 

5887 nfryyn M y^a 
nifrin (nfryn) 

curse 




ijt^*^* 



U?Ur fUj 



nftt 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.26 

5888 nftt M 
naft =»nPtc>(hXn|3ty(y) 
naphtha 
Hen. BSOAS 11, 69.38; GMS 76 

5889 ny^kh B 

©niyaSak ^ny^ 
prayer 
BSTBL, Intox. 36 

5890 ny M in B ^ ny'm 

5891 nyW C -» ny*' 

5892 nyW M 
niya6a (ny'dO ©*ni-gadaka ©f. n. 
prayer, request S 

Hen. Tales. 472.1; GMS 676 ; STSC 134.29; STii 
2.15; BSTi 140; BSTii: C2 gloss. +fiar- "to 
pray", "to ask" 

5893 ny'm B, M, C uU>< f &* 
niyam (ny*m) ©<*ni-gama ©ob. -y 

time, moment 

GMS 1144, 1155; TSP 22.2, 10; BSTBL, Dhy. 361; 

STi 62.3; STii 2.9, 3.58, 5.33, 4.28; BSTii; C2 

gloss.; Frag. Len. 32.6 

5894 ny'mk S ^ 
niyame (ny'my) ^n* nytoy, trny'my 

time 

Anc. Lett. 2.56 

5895 ny'my M, B =* ny'mk 

5896 *ny>rs- B u^^j 
niyars ©Benv. <*ni karsa & Mack. zY>rs 

^zy^s- 
0o)knock down 
TSP 7.33 apud. Hen. Texts. 733; BSTBL, Dhy. 

231 

5897 nY*w6n(h) B, S ^^x «^r <crM 
niyoSan ©ace. -w, -y ; pi. -t =»nyw5n (>) /(h) 
dress 

TSP 2.698, 8.198; VJ ; SCE ; BSTBL, Dhy. 18; O 2 
34: Frag. Len. ; Anc. Lett. 1.9, 3.18; nY y wdnw> 
SCE 311, 499, 520; VJ 161 etc.; Frag. Len. 85.1, 
3; nr>wdny, VJ 135 ace. 

5898 ny'wnt B fJj<S* 
nixund ? ©<*ni~xwdy- ^ptyNvnt 

fight ? 

TSP 9.13 n p220 

5899 nySvnt- B o^^i^U) 



236 



niyund (nywnt-) ©<*nigunda ©impf. 

nyY y wnt\ inf. nY y wnty 
(to)dress, (r<?)put on(clothes) 
VJ 1361, 93; TSP 3.244; SCE 30-, GMS 186; 

Gharib. AI 4250; AVS 78, 113 

5900 ny'wnt'k B jW,,; 
niyunde (ny'wnl'y) *=>nywnty 

blanket 

VJ 1129,1367 

5901 ny'wnt'y =* ny'wnt'k 

5902 ny'ws- B, M, 5 yj^ ^)d^^ O^j^ < 0-^ 

niyos (nyws-, nyyws) ©<*ni~gausa-; Parth. 

ngws-, MP nyws- ©impf. nyY (y) ws ^nywst-, 

nywsdV- 
0^)hear, (glisten 
GMS 676, nx>w$-, STii 1.29.30; STi; Sund. 

AoFviii 1981 p216 ; AVS 128 

5903 ny'ws'kt M, S ^l^oif*^ 
niyosakt (nys'kt) ©ob. pl. ; pi. -ty ^nyws'k 
Auditors 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.48, 60; Frag. Len. 120.6; KG 
pi 85-6, MSPb93, 94, 57 c24 

5904 ny'ws'ky'kh M, S ^u ^ Jj^ ijfxyJ^ { ^ r 
niyosakya(k) (nyw^kyh) 

lay community 

GMS 547, 111 In 1; KG 580; MSP b76 

5905 ny'wsn'k B ^^ 
niyosne =»nywsnyy 

listener, hearer 
BSTBL, Dhu. 179 

5906 ny'y- B o-^./ < j^*la5 < J->^>- 
znixay ©<*ni-xwahaya ^nxw'y-, nyw } y- 
(fo)pound, (ro)crush, (ro)cut 

TSP 2298 nY y ytw n pl73.298 ; Hen. Texts. 72.8 

5907 nyp- B 0>J*<J* 
nayP ©ace. -y =»nywP~, nJ3y- 

excellent, fine 

SCE 47; GMS 445; nYfiy, Sund. MSP b62 

5908 nyn- M, C jb 
nayn ©Parth. ngn ©ace. -w, n. & ob. -y 
bread 

pi. nYnt\ STi 34.2; Hen. Tales. 486.22; STii 1.77; 
BSTi 98, 102, 104, 106, 108 ; STi 81.8, 15, 16, 
52.10; BSTii: C2, 57R12, 18, 60R32, 94V18, 23, 
26 



M^.M^^.MMMM^MBMM^^HHlMH 



237 



nywst- 



i 

f 
I 



\s*<jjj(iP 



5909 nynp'k S j,jUJ>U 
nayn- pak -^nynwp'c 

baker 
MDiii 

5910 nynwp'c M j-jUj* 
naynupac =»nynp } k 

baker 

Hen. Tales. 486.21 

5911 nyr^y- B ax-*^ *o>j^> 
ni-yray (nyr'y-) ©<*m-£ra ; Av. gar-gd; IE 

OcOpraise, (ro)honour 

SCE 542; BSTBL, Vim. l8l v Dhy. 320, nYr*y>U 
Dhy. 319, pt. st. 

5912 nyr*my C = n+ yr'my =» n-, yrWk 

5913 nyr'n rwc S (o^'-^j^)^^ 
niyran-rf3c (nyrn* rwc) ©Pahl. anagrdn; Av. 

anaYranam ~»nry 
thirtieth day of the month 
MDii A-16, 13; MDiii A-12, 3.1, 2, Bll, 1 pl24 ; 

CII 1990 n p67 G4-5 

5914 nyr'y- ■* nyr*y- 

5915 nyrf C = n +yrf -> n-, yrf 

5916 nyrn* rwc -» nyr'n rwc 

5917 nyrs- -* ^yrs- 

5918 nyrwps- S 0-^»->^j> <ooiojjii 
nayrup/fs ©Av. nig2rdpta ©med, pass. st. 

*»zyrwPs- 
0o)be pressed down 
Mack. AI 424.6 n p427 

5919 nyrys- S(C) 
nixres ~»nxrys- 
GcOreproach 
Schwartz. STSC pi 44, 134.33 

5920 nys'kt M =* ny>ws>kt 

5921 nys'yrGi) B ^_?ul_*-o= 
naxsir ®fskar-\ Yaghn. naxsir ©pi. -r 

=»nysyr, nxsyr 
wild beast 
VJ 949, 1062, 1371; SCE 40; TSP 9.44, 13ii 13, 

2.156, 641, 682, 773 ; BSTBL, Vim. 144, Frag. 

Len. 92.7; O 1 11- nYPyYth, V J 1509 



o*J> o~jjs" 



5922 nys'yr sk'rk B 

naxsir skare 
hunter 
SCE 225, 361 



uTJ' 



,l£i 



5923 nysn(h) B jUwo^UO^ 
niyasn ? =*prysnh 

mark, sigh 

TSP 5.25; BSTBL, Dhy. 50; pi. nYsnth, Frag. Len. 
24.1 

5924 nysy>kr(w) S J^'^fji 
naxsire 

wild goat 

MDii B-3, 10; nYsyr crm, naxsir- carm, MDiii 
pl24 

5925 nysyr B, S j^^/y.^^^ 
naxsir ©<*naxu-scrya ©ob. -y; pi. -t; ob. pi. 

-fy ^nys'yrCh) 
wild beast 
TSP 3.142-, MDii B-19, 2, 5 ; Hen, Tales. 475, 5, 

10.13; Gersh. UMV 92 

5926 nyw*y- B o±±£ iozJ'sJ*- 
nixway ~*ny } y-, nxw J y- 

(ro)pound, 0o)crush 

GMS 477; TSP 3.175, 273, 288, 7.111, 19.22, 16; 
AVS 95 

5927 nywp- B ub*"J u 
nay(u)J3 ©nom. -y =>nyP-, nPy- 

excellent, kind, fine 

BSTBL, Dhy. 153, 363; GMS 445 

5928 nywp'w'k B ><^>^ 
nayuPawe 

excellence 

BSTBL, Dhy. 109, 180; TSP 14, 28; GMS 1082 

5929 nywdn C =* nyw6n (), /(h) 

5930 nyw6n (>) /(h) B, M, S jTU^^U 
niyoSan (nywdn) ©Khwar. nYwdnyk ©pi. -( 

=>ny > w5n(h) 
dress, garment 
TSP 7, 21, 1327, 21i 9; BBB; Tales. 478, 480; 

BSOAS 12, 307.15; GMS 676, 1030; STi 16.9; 

BSTii 843.25, 903.6; C2, 56R26, 68R25; pi. 

nYwdnt, Sund. AoFviii 1981, 25R 7 pl91; C2, 

57R6; nYwSn\ GMS 974, nYwdnw, MDii p205 

5931 nywnt- =» ny*wnt- 

5932 nywnty C J^jj^ 
niyunde ^nyVnt'k 

covering, garment 
STi 5.9; GMS 963 

5933 nywst- M o^x 
niyust ©pt. inf. -yh =»ny'wnt- 



nywst*k 



238 



•** 



^nyws^k'nc 



-Vi^- 



(to)put on 
GMS931; AVS 113 

5934 nywst'k S .juij, 

niyuste 
clothed 
Sund. MHC p26, 36.8R4 

5935 nyws- B, M, C =* nfws- 

5936 nyws'k M S\^^l^^ 
niyosak (nywsk) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty ^ny'ws'kt 
Auditor 

GMS 114, 990, 1226; BBB f4, 30, 33, 82, 623; 
Tales. 469.10, 29 ; W-Lii 

5937 nywsVnc M v o j J*li 
niyosakanc -^nyws^st 
Auditrice 
GMS 1043 

5938 nyws'k'st M 
niyosakast ©ob. pi. -y 
Auditrices 
GMS 260, 339 

5939 nywi^qpt'nc M OjO^li-j 
niyOsak-patanc -»nywskpt 
Chief of Auditrices 
GMS 1043 

5940 nyws'kyh =*» ny'ws'ky'kh 

5941 nywsdV- C 
niyos-5ar ©perf. st. -^nyHvs- 
(to)hear 

BSTi 212; STi; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p2l6 

5942 nywsk =» nyws'k 

5943 nywsk'ny M jf\^y^{<,^^J) 
niyosakane 

{related fcOAuditors 
GMS 1043; BBB b38 

5944 nywskpt M o^^j^^j 
niyosak-pat (ngwskpt) ^nyws'qpt'nc 

Chief of Auditors 
GMS 1043 

5945 ngwskpt =$ nywskpt 

5946 nywsny C ^j^t^J^ 
niyosne ©pres. part.; voc. nYwsrt\ pi. -nYwsnyt 
obedient, attentive 

BSTii 848.61, 88720, 903.4: C2, 51V20, 21 

5947 nywsnyy M oxyi 
niyosne ^ny'ws^k 

listener 



o-tju- i j.> 



o>Jj*/ 



^JJ*l3^ 



GMS 892 

5948 nywst- C 
niyust ©pt. st. ^ny'ws- 
0o)hear,0c)listen 
Sund. AoFiii 1975 p69, 6 

5949 nyy B 
nxl ? =»nyx, nyy 
deep, profound 

TSP 5.70, 6.50, 7.182, 16.39; STii 7.31, 33 ; BSTBL, 
Dhu. 10, 257; < nvr, Hen. BBB 

5950 nyy'qy* C ( j-^)c-Jj &J,* <c~^ j, 3 * 
nayyakya 

in a correct manner 
STii 1.31; GMS 1111 

5951 nyz- B >^y- 
nayz, nyzw 

good 

TSP 3.161; Hen. Texts. 727 

5952 nkVk B «* nk>r>k 

5953 nk>ptp'znykh M ^^IJi^U^jh^UJ 
nikapd- paznyak 

obedience, submissiveness 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds, 1945, 144.2; Sogdica. 2.9 

5954 nk'ptyp'z^n S =* nqPtp'zny(y) 

5955 nk'np- B ,^/t^/^ 
ni- kanp =>nq(3t- 

0<?)bend, (fo)subdue 

SCE 98; BSTBL, Dhy. 9, inf. nk >np>y; AVS 107 

5956 nkVk B fj&<J& 
nikare (nkVk) ®<*ni- kdraya 

painter 

TSP 3.196 n pl98 ; BSTBL, Dhy. 47, nk>r>k 

5957 nqpt- M o>Jf>- 
nikaPd ©pt. st. =»nk*np- 

(fo)bend 

GMS 676; AVS 107 

5958 nqptp'znyCy) M J*^JaJ 
nikapde- pazan(e) (nk'Ptyp'z^n) 

obedient, submissive 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 1442; Sogdica. 2-9; 
Frag. Len. 44.1 

5959 nksyntr S jX ^\ 
ni/arskander ? Orksyntr) 

Alexander 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.26, 141n 2 

5960 nqt'nq'ry C = n+ qt'nq'ry =» n-, qt'nyq'ry 



MH^^MMM^HMi^M 



239 



nm'nyy 



/%' 



5961 NLPwtlLP(w)) B, S (j*)Jj* 

zar ©Idg. =>z*r, z'r 1 
thousand 

Gauthiot. JA 1912, 352; Anc. Lett.; VJ; TSP-, 

Frag. Len. ; MDii A- 15, 6 



5962 nm- 1 B, C, S 



jj ^ <_*^- L j^j5 jj 



r^)0=9^A 



nam- ^nm'y- 1 

Oo)consent, (fo)accept (wsei wM /leg. 

Benv. BSAOS 30, 1967, 505f ; GMS 818A (used in 
opt. nm y(}) y ); Anc. Lett. 3.11 ; TSP 3242, 247 ; 
VJ ; BSTii: C2 gloss.; Frag., Len^ MDii 

5963 *nm- 2 M C^J'j^^^J'^^ 
nam ^nmy^, nmsy^Ch), nmtMkr'k, nmy, nynVn 
0<?)despise 

Hen. BSOAS 10, 102; BBB 59 

5964 nm^y B ■* nm- 1 

5965 nm* B e-CcjUt 
nama 

despised, abused 

SCE 374; ob. nmy, TSP n 224.9 

5966 nm'c M, C, B (oy ^~t jS)^ ^\j^\ < jU 
namac ©ace. -w, ob. -y =*nm } cyw 

homage, reverence, prayer 

GMS 1000; BBB; Tales. 469.36; STi 33.10 ; STii 

3.58, 4.6, 6.30; BSTi 98 ; BSTii: C2 ; Frag. Len. ; 

nm y cw, TSP; VJ 216; BSTBL; nrricy, SCE 71; 

BSTii; C2, 23V26, 25V 21 



5967 nm'cbry* C ( \j^\<jU 
namac-J3arya ©f.n. 

homage, reverence 

Sund. AoFviii 1981 p20122-3 

5968 nm^k'n S, M +-» *J^*s, <*jj> 
namackan (nm'cq'n) 

homage, offering 

GMS 1063; Hen. BSOAS 10, 102 n 4, 11, 74.14; 

STii 6.17; BSTii: C2, 3V 11, 7V26, 27R4, 11; 

Frag. Len. 25.4 

5969 mn'cq'n M, C =» nm»ck , n 

5970 nm'cyw B, S (j^ ^j^ jj)jJu <r li-r * jUi 
namacyu =»nm } c 

homage, prayer 

VJ ; BSTBL; SCE; TSP; Frag. 2aJ22 ; KG 421; MD ; 
Anc. Lctt 4 Frag. Len. 

5971 nm'cyw pr- ( jy> ^^ j>) j^jU 



namacyw Par- ^nnVcbry* 
(to)pay homage 

TSP; VJ; BSTBL; SCE 

5972 nmWynch M jl^'J^ 
namaSkenc (nmySk'ynch) ^nm^kCh) 

salty 

Sogdica. 720 n p8 

5973 nm'Skdi) B, M jLi 
namaSk ©<Av. namaSka; Khwar jimOk 

salt 

GMS 1053; TSP 19.8; Bailey. BSOAS 1975, 54 

5974 nmVk(w) B, M, S o*U< w 
nimane, nimanak(u) ^nm'ny, nm'nyy 
repentance 
VJ; TSP; GMS 1061; Tales. 467.29; Frag. Len. 

86.4, 46.5; nmWkw, TSP 2.8, 573; VJ 446, 
nmW, VJ 470 

5975 nrn'n'w B -» nm'n'kCw) 

5976 nm'nqrqy' =» nnVnyqrqy* 

5977 nm'nkyn M -* nm } nyqyn 

5978 nm'ny B, M, C c^ix <^l 
niman-(e) ©Khot. nimana ©voc. abl. -n } ; ace. 

-nw -^nnVnyy, nm'n'kCw) 
penitence, repentance 
GMS 676; BBB p92 ; TSP 5.107; STi 41.2; BSTii: 

C2, 31V3, 102R20; Frag. Len. 44.6, 106.1; 

nmWy, VJ 592; nmWw, VJ 470 

5979 nra'ny 1 C .«,,!.> 
ni-manya ^nm'y- 2 
judgement 
BSTii 902.3: C2, 56 R6 

5980 nm'nyqrqy* C o^U t^jf^y ^u 
niman(e)- kar(a)kya (nm'nqrqyO 
repentance 
BSTii: C2, 31 V9, 11, 30, 54R14, 61V24; Gersh. 

Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 138; STi 57.19; GMS 246 

5981 nm'nyqry C ^b^tT^y <jL 
nimane-kare 
penitent 
BSTii 893.4: C2, 31 V4 

5982 nm'nyqyn C «U«jt- 
nimaneken (nnVnkyn) 
repentant 
STi 18.3, 19.13; GMS 1061; BBB b25 

5983 nm'nyy M 
nimane =»nm } ny, nm'n'kCw) 



ufjj ,: 



a\X 



t^u---* 



ill 11 



(u>> >^e j->)->jj^ <f^ 



(?x^^)?L* 



^^ 



nmVz- 

repentance 

BBB p92 ; Hen. Tales. 467.59 

5984 nm'rz- B o-U^ < j.ajc~-o 
nimarz ©<*ni-marz-\ Khot. nimalys; Khwar. 

(ro)touch 

BSTBL, Dhy. 300, 385, 387, 403; Bailey. Prolexis. 
136 

5985 nmNv B 

namo ©<Skt. namo 

greeting 

SCE 

5986 nm'y B % 
nimay 

surely Kit seems ?) 
VJ 1023, 1034, 1457; nm'y, VJ 1152 

5987 am'y- 1 B 
namay ? ©opt. of nam- ^nm- 1 
(to)accept (w,ye<i with neg. (to)refuse) 
TSP 3.242, 247, 6.116; AVS 91 

5988 nm'y-' M, C a>_/ojUS < j-o^jj'j 
nimay ®<*ni-mdya- ©impf. nym^y ^nnVny* 
0o)judge 

GMS 676; STi 48.18, 63.15; GMS 626, 676, 918 

5989 nmb M 
namb «*nmp, nnp } k 
dew 

BBB 577; GMS 524 ; ob. -y, BBB 497 

5990 nmy'wn'y B (ts^iJ^^j^fLZ.Aitj^^j 
namyone (nmywny, nwy'wny, nmywn'k) 

=»*nm- 2 

abused, slandered 

TSP 5.116, 7.110, 113; SCE 164, 128, 411; Hen. 
LW 102 

5991 nmywn'k B =* nmy'wn'y 

5992 nmywnqy* C 
namyonakya 
abuse, slander 
STii 621 

5993 nmywny =* nmy^wn'y 

5994 nmp C 
namp/b ©nom. -y =»nmb, nnp'k 
dew 
Schwartz. STSC Add.; wV-nmpy, C2, 94V22 

5995 nmr B, M 



r 



r^i 



{ j^y 



r 




+i*M> i^j 4 * 



Col^a t^AJ iC*£&>\ 



Jfrjr* l J>tJ 



'^Aj* >jy <*&&** 



f> * j^^j '(yh* 



namr ©ob. -y ; pi. -t } =*n>mr- 
obedient, tender 

TSP 2.76; BBB b85 ; GMS 512, 1204 ; S W, BSOAS 
1983, 42 

5996 nmrtxmy C => n-, mrtxmy(y) 

5997 nmrw M 
namru ©adv. 
tenderly 
Tales. 480.24 

5998 nmry'q M, C, S ^ nmry>kh 

5999 nrory'kh M 
namryak (nmry } q) ^n'mryh 
obedience, mildness 

W-Li 89; GMS 1100; Sogdica. 2.18; BSTii 877.5, 
849.13: C2, 12R13, 65V28 

6000 nmrystr C 
namristar -^n'mrystr 
milder, sweeter 
Sund. KG pl85 

6001 nmsy*k(h) M, S *_a 
namsyak ©<*nams- ©ob. -y ^*nm- 2 
(/ee///i#)despised, humiliated 

Sogdica. 2.19, 3; BBB p75, 607 ; GMS 550, 828 n 1 

6002 nmt B ju; 
namat ©<Av. n?mata\ Khot. namata ©ob. -y 
felt 

TSP 3.229; Benv. BSL 32 p71 ; Bailey. BSOAS 
19.53 f; MDiii, nmOk 

6003 nmt^kr'k B ^cjUl^T^y 
namtat- kare (nmt'tkry) ©<*namtdt, "abuse" 

+kare- =**nm- 2 
abusive 
SCE 447, 245; GMS 1074 

6004 nmt'k S(MD) => nmt 

6005 nmt'tkry =» nmt^tkr'k 

6006 nmy B 
nam(e) =»*nm- 2 
abuse 
TSP 12.9 n p224 ; Frag. Len. 43.5 

6007 nmy'k M 
namyak (nmy'q) =»*nm- 2 
abuse, contempt, despise 

GMS 828 n 1; BBB p 59.506-, STii 1.25, 6.7 etc,, 
BSTii: C2 gloss.; nmy y qkr, nmfq wn y "to abuse" 
STii 125, 6.11; BSTii; C2, 5V30, 66V14, 104V4, 
5 



Cf*j> 



f ^ *&*y 



241 



np'rS- 



y 



6008 nmy'q C «* nmy>k 

6009 nmySk'ynch -► nm^k'ynch 

6010 nmyzysn M ,>j=&Lrf ( ^j=*> "^& ( «-**>** 
nimgzisn ©<Parth. MP nimezisn 
provocation, incitement 

BBB 503, 679 

6011 nmzy' C JLj*- 
nimzya ? -»nymz- r mz } 

blink 

C2, 13V29 np 57 

6012 nnSp'mbn M {**H fi)J2j> 
nan-Spamban =»nny 

Nanai the LadyGa goddess) 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 142.4, 143.20; Hen. BSOAS 28, 

252 

6013 nnSp'mpnh MD -» nnSP>mbn 

6014 nnk> B Sx 
nang ©<*nam(a)ka ©ace. nnkw 

shame, scorn 

BSTBL, Dhu. 133; SCE 549; Benv. Notesiv 515 

6015 nnp>k B 
nanpak(u), nambe ©ace. -w *=*nmb, nmp 
dew, moisture 

TSP 3.225 

6016 nnpysny C = n+npysny *# n-, npysny 

6017 nns B - (^J^lo,^ 
nans ©<*nasn <ndsn -4ns 

nose 

VJ 879; TSP 7.54; BSTBL, Dhy. 20; loc. nnsy, 
TSP 3293; Hen. LW 100; BBB 659 

6018 nnspwi^k M 
nans-Punak 
nostril 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 146.1 

6019 nn§ky S c~oo^ 
nansky ? ©Khot. ndnarra 

palm 

TSP 10.3 apud. Yoshida. SI 1984, 145, 146 n 4 ; 
Frag. Len. 93.11 

•020 nny M, S (^/ r b)J2 

nanai -♦nnSP'mbn 
Nanai(a goddess) 
Hen. Sogdica. p7 ; BSOAS 28, 1965, 252 n 67 

«21 a^st- B, S ^ 

nipaxst (np'st ?) ©pt. st. ; inf. -y-, npVstwS^r, 
pcrf. st. ^np^s-, npxst-, np'xst-Cy) 



u^C'-^ 



0o)write 

GMS 257; TSP 3.198, 7.75, 15.16; MDii p205 ; 

MDiii pl24 ; npyYst ?, MDii B5 (14/15); perf. 

npyritw6*r-, MDii p205 ; AVS 125 

6022 np^stk B, S <ui> 
nipax§te (npxsty) ©<*nipixsta ©pp. 

=*np } ys-, npystk, np } xst-(y) 
writing 
TSP 1955, 1233, 3.164, 7.75; abl -\ TSP 15.16, 

BSTBL, Dhy. 47; STii 8.9, 11, MDii p205; 

MDiii A16(15) pl24 

6023 npxsty -* np^stk 

6024 np>k(h) S Vj)&jj><C&jf 
nipak ? ©Pahl. np>k y Khwar. nVk 

pawn 

MDii p205 ; Advice. p91; Hen. BSOAS 28.248 n 
37; -w, Frye 10 

6025 np'ryqty C = n+p*ryqty ■* n-, p'ryk 

6026 np'st- B ojui^jlj^ <<jjUy- 
nipast ©Pahl. nibastan\ Yaghn. nipista ©pt. St.; 

inf. np*st y =»nyp8-, npst'ny, np>y8- 
(fcOlie (down) 
SCE 380 

6027 np'st'ny B ox-i/jl^ <«aJ>- 
nipastane =>nyp8-, np*st-, npst'ny 

lying, lain down 
SCE 141 

6028 np'stk B <jji^ 
nipaste (np'sty) ©pp. -4np > y5- 

lied 

TSP 6.93; Frag. 18.3; S W, IIJ 1976, 63; Hen. 
Tales. 478.8 

6029 np>sty M =$ np'stk 

6030 np'st ? S(MDii) => np>YSt- 

6031 np'wn B (^i,^/^ ^y*** *JT ^JJ*)^J 
nipon ? ©ob. -y 

a water recipient used for religious ritual 
TSP 3.165, 167, 176, 194 n pl96 

6032 np^st-Cy) S *^y<j&y 
nipaxst (npyyst) ©pt. st. & pp. =>np>YSt-, 

npxsty, np } YStk, npYStk 
OcOwrite, writing 
Anc. Lett. 2.29, 3.26, 5.32 ; KG 390; MSP clO, 11, 

np } xstw\ Frye 21, npxsty 

6033 np>y5- B, C j^^lif 
nipeS (npy8-) ©<*ni-padaya\ Av. ni- paidya\ 

Pahl. nibdy-, nibdstan =*nyp8-, np»st- 



^^^^^tmM^^li^s^^*^^^^^S^?^535^?^J^l 



np'yk 

(/cOlay 

GMS 595; VJ 1138; Sund. AoFiii 79, AoFviii 
1981, 28R 7 pi 99, 28V 1 p200 ; AVS 78 

6034 np'yk B, M (^)v^ ^y 
nipe/ik ©Parth. nbyg; Pahl. nibeg ©pi. -f; ob. 

pi. -fy =*npyk 
book 
TSP 1626; BSTBL, Dhu. 177, Intox. 37 ; Hen. 

Mittelir. 94 ; KG 388; np y ykty, KG 345, 406 

6035 np'ys- B, S ^y 
nipes ©<*/u- paisa- ©inf. - J y, -/:w ; impf. 

'OWJ =^npys-, np'yst-, nypys- 
0<?)write 
GMS 303; TSP 3.30, 131-2 & etc., 6.94, 7.74, 11.4; 

SCE 533; MDii p205 ; MDiii pl24 ; Anc. Lett.; 

KG 482; STii 8.10; Frag. Len. 28.2 ; AVS 125 

6036 np'ysn M (^(^j^)^ 
napisn ©<*nape-pis nare <*napa- 

puOra-naraka ©pi. -/-, ob. pi. -ty =»npyysn 
grandson 
GMS 299, 943; Hen. Tales. 486.11, 15; Gersh. 

Bulletin of Iranian culture foundation vol. 

1/2, p71-86 

6037 npdVny C = n+pd*rny =» n-, pd } rny 

6038 npystk B <^ y 
nipaxste (npyyst) ©<*w- pixsta ^np'ystk, 

np'xst-Cy) 
written . 
TSP 7.96; S W, BSOAS 1983, 44 ; npysw, 

"painted" ? TSP 26B 

6039 npst'ny B ^ 
nipastane ^np^t-, npWny 
lying, lain down 
SCE 141; GMS 1036 

6040 npwsty = n+pwsty =» n-, pwst'k 

6041 npxst- M, C 
nipaxst ©<*ni- pixsta ©pt. st. ^np'ys-, 

np^st- 
GcOwrite 
GMS 257, 597; AVS 125; S W, BSOAS 1983, 44 

6042 npy6- *=> np^S- 

6043 npxsty C <^. 
nipaxste (np'ysty) ©pi. npxstyt 
writing 
STi 57.16, 56.11; STii 1, 81, 89 ; n. nt. npxstw, 

BSTii: C2, 57V23, 94R27 

6044 npyyst MD =» np'xst-(y) 



£oJ-J v*- 



jr~*y 



242 



6045 npyk M -ui>^bT 
nipik, nipek (npyq) ©ob. ~yy ^np'yk 

book, writing 

W-Li 24; BBB 476, 651-, Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 151; 
npyqy, apud. Sund. KG 186 

6046 npyq C =* npyk 

6047 npys- j^j 
nipes =4npxst-, np'ys- 

(/o)write 

GMS 303, 597; impf. nypys, STi 30.1; MDii; Anc. 
Lett.; CII 1990 C3 

6048 npysny C 
nipesne ©ace. npysnw 
writer 
BSTii 888.9 ; 888.22: C2, 48R24, 91V9 

6049 npysn =* npyysn 

6050 npyysn S, M 
napisn (npysn) ©pi. ~t ^np'ysn 
grandson 
GMS 943; Bugut. Insc. Bill; Frye 8, 9 

6051 nr"^ B ■* zr»k> 

6052 nrWh) B -> zr>nk> 



6053 nr»ysp yz8 M 



(iSS^ iS lj *- fi)*ji J*~ij 



narisaf yazd ©<Parth. narisaf \ MP narisah; Av. 

nairyosaijha ^nrysnxPyyy, yzd nr>ysP 
Narisaf yazd(a Manichean god) 
KG 606,617,620-2 

6054 nr6- B jjJU 
nar6 

GeOmoan 
TSP 2.507 

6055 ory S * &~*<JJ 
n(o)ry ©n.pl. -> 

primordial 

Cll 1990 G4 n p67 

6056 nrmVnt B ^ijujL 
n/zarmawand ? ^zrm'w'nt 

troubled, sorry 
VJ 213 

6057 nrmh ? B ^^<^ t J\s 
narm ? (zrmh) 

sorrow 

VJ 399 n p922l3 

6058 nrs- B o^J'j-^j^ 
nars ©inf. -'y 

OcOblame 




*.*■*': *-<•**'> s."s 



.?^"j^*%^^ &&: 



243 



VM242 

6059 nrs B J^j^ 
nars 

blame 

VJ223 

6060 nrt(h) M, S (^')^>>^ 
nart 

trunk 

GMS 526, 1399; Sogdica. p 4.11; Frag. Len. 84a8 

6061 nrystr C = n+rystr =# n-, rystr 

6062 nrysnxPvyy M c~~jj> :^yl> Jilj^ j0->>„ <~*~±J 

nar(i)snax ^nr'ysp yz5 

Narisaf yazd(a Manichean god, friend of 
light ?, third Messenger ?) 

BBB; W-Li 40.13, ii 540; nrsnx, W-Li 40.117; 
"Friend of light" ? Sund. KG pi 86, " Narisaf 
yazd", Tertius-Legatus; Sund. AoFvi 1976, 
101; Gcrsh. Amber. 213, El. narisanka 

6063 ns M (^J^lo*^ 
nas =>nns 

nose 

BBB p79.659 ; GMS 338, 496 

6064 ns»t C = n+s>t => n-, s»t 

6065 nsc> C =» nsty 

6066 nsnng M S nS^^ 
nasang ©Pahl. nisang ©f. n. 

little 

Sogdica. 31.5b n p32 

6067 nst C c~j 
nest =>nyst 

is not 

BSTii 892.10; Benv. JA 1955, 325; C2 gloss. p232 

6068 nst- 1 M, C j^j 
nist ©pt. st. =*nyst-, ny5- 

Go)sit down 
BBB 574 

6069 nst- a C j^x «o*je j^U «jjuU 
nist? 

(/c>)stay, (rcOdwell 

Benv. JA 1955, 310; nsty, STii 1.18; BSTi 167; 
nsc\ BSTii: C2, 87R12 

6070 nst'wy C ^jJ^IJs-t&jktj^ 
nestawe/e ©ace. -w; gen. -y ; abl. - } =»nyst } wy 
perdition 

BSTii: C2, 40V 12, 52R4, 13 



nsk'rt 

6071 nsty C, S ai~x 
niste (nscO ©pp., f. pp. nisca =*ny§-, nystch, 

nysty 1 , nyst'y 
seated 
STi 36.9; BSTii 889.22: C2 gloss.; f . pp. nsc\ C2, 

60R22, 25, 60V27, 87R12: BSTii 878.12; CII 

1990 G14 

6072 ns'y- B o^loi- <a>&l^> T t^jfj^j 
ni-say ©<*ni-0ray- ? =*Ps } y- 

(ro)put down 

TSP 22.18 n p235 ; Schwartz. STSC 140 "to be 
aborted" 

6073 ns'yS- B, S -^ < jojUj <c»kJJ l o^ 
niseS ©<*ni-sadaya- ©impf. nyPyS; perf. 

nPStS y r- =»nsyd- 
(fo)set, (ro)place, (ro)piant 
GMS 545; Frag. Len. nPyStdr-, 38.17, 7, 19.38.26; 

VJ 864; AVS 78 

6074 ns'ySHch B Jz-ai^ 
ni-se8c ©pp. f. 

set, established 
VJ 1118; GMS 537 

6075 nFyStCk) B j^,^ 
ni-se5te ©pp. 

established 
TSP 8.196, 10.21 

6076 nsYwst- B o>J'*J»iJ>J'*^*b* 
nis-xwast, nisxust (nsywst-) ©pt. st. 

^nsyw'y- 
0<?)cut in pieces 
VJ 1265, 780; TSP 16.37 



6077 nsyw'y- B 



j-i^p <ukS-uIo$ c Oi^p 6jL 



nis-xway (nwsyw^-) ®<*ni$-xwahaya 
©impf. nysYwy ^nsy'wst-, nysyw'y- 

(ro)cut in pieces 

BBB 505; GMS 679 ; AVS 95 

6078 nsywst- => nsy'wst- 

6079 nsywsty B 
nis-xuste ©pp. 

0c)cut in pieces 
VJ 1105 

6080 nskVt B, S 
nis-kart (nsqrt) =»nskrt 
meaning, explanation 

BBB; TSP 2.56, 945, 1071, 5.9, 9.138 & etc.; SCE 
535; STii 7.4, 23; Frag. Len. 85.5; GMS 678; 



oJb j> iaJU** jw 



C^*'^ 



nsk'w- 



244 



MSP b63 

6081 nsk'w- B, M, S dij'^'o^aj^. 
nis-kaw (nskw-) ©inf. - } j> =»nysk } w- 
OcOtake out, GeOpull out 

GMS 572; TSP 3.274, 5, 32; BSTBL, Vim. 162; 
MDiii pl24 ; Frag. Len. 71.13, 40.1 

6082 nskrt B, M, S c><^ 
niskart (nysqrt, nsqrt) ^nsVrt, nyskrt 

meaning, explanation 

TSP 7.86, 11.4; Frag. Len ; STii 5.3 

6083 nsqrt C =* nskrt 

6084 nskw- ==» nsk } w- 

6085 nsm(y) B j^.^J- 
n(i)sm(e), nisam(e) ©<*nisma- y A v. frasma 
west 

BSTBL, Vaj. 20; TSP 5.93 ; Hen. Sogdica. p24, 
Gersh. AHM 233; "south" ? nWy, Dhy. 115; 
Mack, n p55 ; Benv. Notesi 65, Notesiii 230 

6086 nst- M, B, S o>y. & jl ifrJ'tU 
nisi ©pt. st. ^nys- 1 , n*s, nyst-, n*st-, nsty 
(fo)destroy 

BBB 674; GMS 109, 549, perf. nstw&r- 

6087 nst't- S o^J^ 
nistat ©pt. st. ^nyst't- 

(ro)cstablish 

MDii Nov. 2 V3, B-17R 18; perf. nstUw&r-* 
MDii B-17R4 

6088 nstfrn M 
nist- farn 

having lost fortune 
Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 143.1 

6089 nstwSV- B, M, S 
nistu-Sar =*nst-, nyst- 
0o)destroy 

TSP 5.111; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.22, 37; MDii 

6090 nsty B, M «jii*^«jLi.U- 
niste ©pp. f. nst y =^nys- 2 , nst-, nysty 
destroyed 

nstw, TSP 5.111, 25, liii; nst\ TSP 7.142; BBB 
674, 722 

6091 nsty- S c»k£'&>t<d*kjjz~*'o>J'jJs. 
nistay (nyst'y-) ©<*ni-staya; OP niyastaya 

©impf. nysty =»nysty- 
(/o)settle, (ro)order, (/<?)inform - 
MDii p205; MDiii pl24 

6092 nsyd- C j&f i&Ax <od4> 



<^iT-S i 



»S*L 



niseS (nsyyS-) ^ns'yS-, nys'yS- 

0o)set, 0o)put, (ro)plant 

BBB a7 ; GMS 545; pt. st. nsydt- 

6093 nsyd'r- => nsydt>r- 

6094 nsydtV- C j^€ 
nisa(y)5ar, nisi8ar- (nsyd'r-) ©trans, pret. st. 

=»nsyd- 
0o)plant, 0o)set 
STii 3.28, 34; GMS 434 

6095 nsydty C <^lT 
nise5te ©pp. 

planted 

BSTii 867.34; C2, 27V5 

6096 nsyyS- M =» nsyd- 

6097 nt'wnty C = n+t } wnty =^ n-, t>wndy(y) 

6098 ntyh B =» znt 1 

6099 nw B, S i 
nu ©in compd. =»nw* 

nine 

TSP 8.3 etc.; Frag. Len.; MDii nw>LPW "nine 

thousand"; nw RPYW "ninty thousand", nw y y, 

TSP 8.108 

6100 nw-' B, M jj J i: <J ^ J U)^jL^ j ^\ ^ x^^ 

nu ©Khot. anu- =»n>- 
privative prefix 
GMS 1 161; BBB 634 

6101 nw- 2 M, S o-kji ijXj<j~a\ ioiJ'^jp- 
naw (n'w*-, nw'y 7 ) ©Skt. navate ©inf. nw } y 

=»n'w-, ^n'w- 
(/cOmove 
Anc, Lett. 227, 151, apud. BBB 490 p55 ; GMS 

477, 3sg. opt; nw'y; inf. -nw } y, BBB 490; 3sg, 

subj. nw*t, Anc. Lett. 227 

6102 nw- 3 C jlw^rif 
naw, now ©ob. nwy =*nw*z, n'w, nwbry* 

boat, ship 

BSTii 879.6, 8: C2, 87V6, 8 

6103 -nw C ^jjlpju^^ 
nu ©<*(a)nam <anam 

numeral suffix 
GMS 1322, 1320 

6104 nw w z M ^jA-^'l^'C^ 
nawaz ©<Av. navdza\ Skt. navaja; Parth. 

nawaz =>n*wzy(y), nw- 3 
sailor 



245 



GMS 125 

6105 nw» B, C 

nwa, nawa (nwh*) ©<*nawa =>nw l 

nine 

GMS 501, 1316; TSP 3.163, 166, 6.168; BSTBL, 
Vim. 17; CII 1990 A9, 18; Frag. Len,, C2, 1R7, 
55R25, 69R23 ; nw> nwH, nawa-nawat, 
"nighty-ninc". TSP 7.14 



Ji JJiJ 



6106 nwWyk B J* 
nawaSik, niwaSik ©<ni+w y S ©pi. -/ 
saddloiplace of sitting) 

VJ 843, 845, 1418 n p95 

6107 nw'k nw'k/q M Jo*Tj> 
niwak ©Parth. nw y g, niwdg ©ob. -yy 

melody 

BBB 408, 428, 446; GMS 990 

6108 nw^rqy' C J^-^^j^y 
nawakar(a)kya 

renovation, renewal 

Sund. AoFviii 1981 pl79, 21R 22 

6109 nw'k(w) B, S ^ 

nawak(u) ©Parth. nawdg =*nwyy, nw'y 1 , 

nwy(t) 
new 
BSTBL, Dhu. 232; Sund. KG 608; MSP bl96 

6110 nw ^nwt M SSd^ 
nu-anut ^nwtOi) 

helpless 

Hen. Talcs. 480.9 

6111 nw'rst- B t y^&f <o>^f ^iC^*7 
ni-warst ©pt. St.; inf. -y ^nw'rtCy) 
0c)incite 

TSP 2.241; AVS 111 

6112 nw>rt(y) M jC^*r 
niwart(e) =»nw } rst-, nwrtyy, nwrt- 
provocation 

BBB p82, 679 b9 ; GMS 676; STii 8.7, zw y rty ; Hen. 
Texts. 718 

6113 nw 'scy'n'k B ji,jjl^ it _~-UU < 
nu-acyane 
unfitting, unworthy 
VJ 1096; GMS 1161 

6114 nw>t B 
nawat 
ninety 



-lib 



*> 



nwpznyy 

TSP 7.14, 25; GMS 1316 

6115 nwy B, S y 
nawe (nwy(h)) ©abl. -\ pi. -t ; ob. pi. ~ty 

=^nw J k(w), nwc, nwyy, nwy(t) 
new 
VJ 13 ; KG 571; Frag. Len. 73R1; MDii A-9R12; 

BBB f21, 516; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 23V 9 ; 

BSTii: C2, gloss.; pi. nwyt, "neophyte", C2, 

57R14; ob. pi. nwyty, C2 57R5, 7 

6116 nwy S =* nw- 1 

6117 nw>y5- B CvJ'jfi 'frj'&s* 
ni-we6- (nwyd-) ©<*ni-vaid ©inf. - y y- t impf. 

nyw*yd ^nw'yst- 

(to)invite, (fo)inform 

GMS 676; TSP 6.105; BSTBL, Dhy. 80, 148, 204 
etc.; W-Lii 574; AVS 115 

6118 nw'ySy^k B .jliNojo 
ni-we6ene =^nwy5m } 

inviting 
TSP 14.23, 25 

6119 nw'ySyn'k 'nkwst B uL c~t&\ «cU; c^£l 
niwc5cne-angust 

index finger 
TSP 14.25 

6120 nw'yst- B j^oy^ 
ni-wist (nwyst-) ©Parth. nwystg ©pt. st. 

^nw'yS-, nwysty 
(/cOinvitc 
BSTBL, Dhy. 81; AVS 115 

6121 nw'znk'n B 






nawa-zangan 

ninefold 

TSP 3.163, 166, 6.178.183 

6122 nwp ? B 
n/zuP? (zwP?) 
noise 

Benv. TSP 1323 n p228; zwp, apud. Hen. 

6123 nwbry* C ^j/j^^v 1 
naw-parya ©f. n. =>nw- 3 

navigation 

BSTii 892.24; Benv. JA 1959, 131; C2, 31R24 

6124 nwpznyy M 
nu-Pazne ©ace. -fiznw 
shameless 
BBB b 95; GMS 1161 



ASjJ i\*jP 



r^*^ 



nwc 



246 



y-y 1 * 



j\& ij^ 



jjj> 



c* 



6125 nwc C, S 
noc (nwy) ©f. adj. =4nwy 
new 
BSTii 90925: C2, 61R 25; nwcK MDiii 

6126 nwy'wny =* nmy'wn'y 

6127 nw yrp>k B 
nu-yarPe/ak (nw yrp'y, nw yrPk) 
ignorance 
TSP 2.335; VJ 381,393 

6128 nw yrp*y =» nw yrP»k 

6129 nw yrpk =* nw yrP>k 

6130 nwgrwc M 
nogroc 
Now-ruz 
Hen. JRAS 1944, 149.1 

6131 nwh' C 
nun 
Noah 
BSTii 905.17; C2, 57V17 

6132 nwh 2 MD =* nw' 

6133 nwk B 
nuk (nwq) ©Khwar. nwk 
tip, point, beak 

BSTBL, Dhy. 20; BSTii 887.5; Benv. JA 1955, 
323; Hen. LW 94; C2, 91R5 

6134 nwq C =$ nwk 

6135 nwkr B, M, S (0>> >^? jjj^w «l£7 * JU <j>^' 
nukar (nwykr(h), nwqr) 

now, then 

EGSii 156; GMS 1120; -y, Anc. Lett. 2.34 

6136 nwqr C =* nwkr 

6137 nwm'y B, S 
nawml, norm =*nwmyq 
ninth 
TSP 2.332; GMS 1096, 1331; CII 1990 B10 



J&JmS* y 



r* 



6138 nwm(h) M, C, S 



pllaJ i9 ^ i jjjls 



num, nom ©Gk. nombs ©nom. ob. -y; pi. -t 

law, canon 

STii 1.36 etc.; STi 84.17; BSTii: C2 gloss.; BBB 

746; GMS 1635; KG 486; MSP; Sund. AoFviii 

1981 p216 

6139 nwmyq M, C 

nawmik, nu/omik (nwmyk) =^n'wmyk (,) 
ninth 

GMS 1331; BSTii: C2, 1R7, 55R25 b9R23 ; 
nwrrtykw. MSP bll5 b32 el4 



r# 



6140 nwmyk S =* nwmyq 

6141 nwptfr'wcyk M ^Jijj jx j i^J*j*\j 
nu-patfrawclk ©Parth. anabyad ©pi. -/ 

=»ptfr*wncyk 
oubliette 
BBB p88 756; GMS 1015, 1162 

6142 nwr B, S, C (u>>>^ jj)JU<o^i 
nur (nwry) ©<Av. nurdm-, Khwar. nwr; Yaghn. 

nur 
now 
ob. nwry, BSTBL 

6143 nwrcyq C j^'^jf 
nurcik =*nwr 

present, actual 
BSTi 135 

6144 nwrn'y B =* zwrn } k 

6145 nwrt- M Cu^j> to>J?c£j*- 
niwart ©*ni-warta- ^nw'rtCy) 

OcOmove, (to)go around 
GMS 410 n 1 902 

6146 nwrtyy M 3j< y ic£ j>- JU j> «-0*^ 
niwarte ^Hvrt nwrtyy, nw } rt(y) 

moving 

GMS 902; MSP 

6147 nwry B ~* nwr 

6148 nwryjy M, S J*&<*Jj* 
nu~rez(c) ©ob. pi. -ty(y) ? =>nwryz 

dislike, unwillingness 

GMS 1162; Sund. KG 2335, 2375 

6149 nwryz B J^^- '^sJjr* 
nu-rez(e) (nwryz) ©ob. pi. -y ? =^nwryjy 
dislike, unwillingness, disinclination 

TSP 9.122; BSTii 910.52; Benv. JA 1955, 319; C2, 
61V22 

6150 nwryz C => nwryz 

6151 nwryzqyn C 
nu-rezken ©adj. pi. -t 
unwilling, disinclined 
BSTii 875.10; C2, 22V10 

6152 nws'cy M 
nu-sace ©<*nu-sacaka 
unsuitable 
GMS 1161; BBB 660, 663, nwws'cy(hh Gersh. 

AHM 257 

6153 nws' B 
nos ©<Av. anaosa 



JiUr ojx i J^ 



,1*1 >U< 



j'j' 



AJi 



jj^J*y 



247 



ambrosia 

BSTBL, Dhy. 227; Benv. Notesii 233 

6154 nws 2 ? B iAj 5 O^js*^ 
zws ? =>zws 

falcon 

SCE 226.359; TSP 2.278 

6155 nws w tr B ^Uj^U^T 
nosatar ©<*dnos-a5ur 

ammonia 

TSP 3.173; Laufer. 506 

6156 nws'f t'kt M (oL^ ^)jJ^J>y j' <=^ <Lsijjk,» 
nos-aftak ? 

(flowing wz//i )ambrosia 
Hen. BSOAS 12, 307.34 

6157 nws'k B, S f^U.^f^bjU 
nose (nwsk) ©ace. nwpkw =>nwsy 
immortal 

VJ 226; MDii B-16, 6. ; Frag. Len. 68.2 ; Anc. Lett. 

2.4 

6158 nws'kw B, S <^^ «.y* 
nosaku (nwsk) ©adv. ^nws'w 

always 

GMS 967; SCE; TSP; BSTBL; Frag. Len,, MDii; 
W-Li 71 

6159 nws'ky' B, M ^y^J^^^r^}^ 
nosakya 

immortality 

TSP 1024; GMS 985 n 1 

6160 nws'nc S jAA^ ->' ^^ '^J^^ry 
nosanc 

ambrosia] 
Sogdica. 7.17 

6161 nws'w B, C 4.t...^ <ju jU- 
nosu/o (nwsw) ©ace. of nwsyPk used as adv. 

=»nws'kw 

always 

TSP 9.61; SCE 400, 449; BSTBL, Intox. 1; Dhu. 
241; Dhy. 186; STii 9.5; Frag. Len. 92.6 

6162 nws'ykh B <s^l < jfcjk- <,^l 
nosik 

eternal 

Vim. 118, BSTBL; GMS 994 

6163 nwsp'mh S JS 
nos-pam 
sweet-coloured 
Sogdica. 7.18 



^^wy*- 



nwy(h) 

6164 nwsc M, C, S(AL) (oy> j^> j->)«-^ <Jijl=r <L*^ 
nose ©f. adj. of nw^k 

immortal 

GMS 1273; W-Li 62, 76 ; BBB b99 f83 ; Hen. 
BSOAS 12, 307.19; STi; Sund. AoFviiii 1981, 
31V3 ; STii 6.44; BSTii: C2 gloss, nwsc zw'n(y) 

6165 nwsyw^- ? B => nsyw'y-, nysyw'y- 

6166 nwsk S(AL) =» nws'k 

6167 nwsmync B &y\ a^Jz «objU- 
nosmenc ©=Skt. amrta 

immortal 

TSP 7.18; BSTBL, Vim. 94 ; GMS 1103 

6168 nwsw C => nws J w 

6169 nwsy B, C f^U iAiyI <xjU- 
nose (nwsyy) ©ob. pi. -yty =*nwsc, nws'k 
eternal, immortal 

GMS 967, 1241, 1273; Hen. BSOAS 12, 307.39; 
BBB b99 f83 ; Frag. Len. 120.5; STii 4.14; Sund. 
AoFviii 1981, 21V 7 ; BSTi 75: C2 pl95 ; ace. 
nwsw, C2, 23R5; nwsyty, C2, 51V17 

6170 nwsynyy M ^^^y 
noscne 

sweet 

GMS 1053; Hen. BSOAS 12, 307, 53 

6171 nwsyy M =4 nwsy 

6172 nwts- =» n'wts 



6173 nwtsmyq C 

notasmik =>n>wts 



r&ijy 



^jUzpI l 



^^W^^JJ' 



nineteenth 

6174 nwwrn'ky^h) M 
nu-warnakya =»wrnqyn 
lack of belief 
BBB 634; GMS 1161; Sogdica. 5.16 

6175 nwy => nwc, nw'y 1 , nwyy 

6176 nwyd- C =^ nw'y6- 

6177 nwydm* C =* nwySm* 

6178 nwySm? M 
niweSma (nwydm } , nwy5mh) ©<*nivaid-mG 

^nw'yS-, nwysty 

invitation 

BBB p98 c43 ; GMS 676, 1078; BSTii 884.17; C2, 
48V20; BSTBL, Vim. 121 

6179 nwy5mh =» nwySm* 

6180 nwy(h) S, M, C ^ nw>y 1 



LU 



S-* 



nwykr(h) 



248 



6181 nwykr(h) B =* nwkr 

6182 nwyktc S (^/>-'cf^»^'>(^ i >0 
nawe-katc 

(inhabitant o/)Nawe-kat 
MDii p27.3-4 

6183 nwym'x/y M _y*U 
nawe-max ©Parth. nwgm'h 

new moon 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 138 

6184 nwyspny C = n+wyspny =# n-, wyspn 

6185 nwyst- =» nw'yst- 

6186 nwysty C *x\y>-\J < 6 j£oyo oU^ 
niwiste ©pi. -r ^nw^S-, nw'yst-, nwy8m > 

guest, invited 

BSTii 844.12, 15, 18: C2, 48V15, 18, 21 

6187 nwy(t) C jf^y < jlf j£.u«ju J~p qU1»^ 
nawe(t) ©pl. ; ob. pi. -/y ^nw'y 1 , nw^lw), 

nwyy 
neophyte, baptized 
BSTii; C2, 57R5, 7, 11, 14 ; STSC p86.l05 

6188 nwyy M y 
nawe ^nw J k(w), nwy 

new 

BBB 516, W-Li 31, ii, 547, 19, 20, 548, 14, 15 

6189 nxrys- M, C o^j'j^js* 
nixres ©<*ni- xrausaya; MP nixroh—, nixrost- 

©impf. nyxrs -»nyrys- 
(ro)blame, (fcOreproach 
BBB p76, 608; GMS 187, 676; BSTii: C2, IV 16; 

Sund. Man. Lett. 305.21 

6190 nxrys M 
na/ixres ©Parth. MP ©ob. -yy 
reproach 
BBB 608 

6191 nxs- C 

nixas ^ny^- 

(to)withdraw 

BBB 490; STSC 145.6, AVS 129 

6192 nxsyr M, C _^»« <<^-j Jj~>- 
naxsir ©ob. -y ; pi. -t ^nys'yrOi) 

wild beast, quarry 

BBB 511; Gersh. UMV vol. 92; BSTii: C2, 83R11, 
17V 1 

6193 nxw'y- M o^^ tb^J'^J^ 
ni-xway (nxwy-) ©<*ni-xwahaya ^nyw'y-, 

ny'y- 



u^jj* 



jxj^ < j» Jtr t 



(to)crush, (fo)pound 

BBB 505.9; GMS 676, 2pl. impv. nxwyS, GMS 30 ; 
Sund. Man. Lett. 305.19, 23 

6194 nxwsywny C = n- +xwsywny -4 n-, 

xwsywny 

6195 nxwtw C = n- +xwtw =» n-, xwt'w 

6196 nxwy- => nxw>y- 

6197 nxyp0 C = n- +xyp9 -» n-, xyp5 

6198 ny M, C <■ 
ne (nyy) =*L\ n'y 1 

not, no, nor 

GMS 1557, 1561, 1574; ny. . . Hy "nor" 

6199 ny- C • ^ 
ne/i ©ace. nyw, ace. f. ny y ; pi. nyt =**ny-\ 

>nyw, >ny\ J nyh, nyw 
other 
BSTii; C2 gloss.; GMS 494 

6200 ny»k (,) B * o^.U 
nyak (ny>k) ©<OP nyaka ^ny>k m J t, ny*k 

>BY\ >ny>k 
ancestor 
VJ 1312, 1316, 1362; TSP 8.172; nfk'nc, 

"ancestor heritage", Frye 12 

6201 ny»k 'BY' B ^ir 

nyak pitr(i) 
paternal ancestor 
TSP 8.172 

6202 ny»s- ^/ 
niyas ^ny } s-, 'ny^- 

Qo)take 

STii 7.10, 15,5.10,21 

6203 ny M t- . j*f 
niyat ©pt. st. ^ny't-, ny*s- 

(to)take 
Frag. 2a25 

6204 ny»t } k B <*/ 
niyate (ny'tk) ©pp. ^w*tny f tk, ny't'y 

taken 

BSTBL, Dhy. 226 



£' 



\zpxa iJSj* JUi 



6205 ny»zkyn B 
niyaz-ken ^ny'zk'yn 

needy 

SCE 31; VJ 49, 78, 123; Frag. 2a.4 

6206 ny>d'r- C ^f 
niya(s)5ar (ny'tS'r-, ny'sd'r-) ©trans, pret. st. 

^ny's-, ny J t- 



249 



nyct'y 



(ro)take 

STi 75.6; BSTii 832.15; BSTi 146; STii 1.71; C2, 
104R15; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p216 

6207 ny'k B =* ny»k (,) 



iSJ^- 



(u>> >^- j^cpj' 



6208 ny'k m't B 
nyak mat =»ny*k ()) 

maternal ancestor 
TSP 8.172 

6209 ny's- 
niyas ©<*ni-ydsa\ Khot. nasa-; Yaghn. nos 

©impf. rt^s, nyfs ^ny's-, ny»s-, ny't-, 
nyy's- 

(fo)take 

GMS 171, 539; Gersh. IF 1970, 305; SCE 36; TSP; 

VJ 1021; MD ; Sund. MSP p49 ; C2 gloss.; Frag. 

Len. ; BBB b82 f 57; AVS 127 

6210 ny'sd'r- =» ny»d»r- 

6211 ny't- (Jj*s**j>)^S 
niyat ®<*ni-yata\ Yaghn. nota ©pt. st; perf. 

ny } tS } r- ^nyWr-, ny*s-, ny*t- 
0<?)takc 
GMS 539, 879; AVS 127 

6212 ny't'y B, S &>f 
niyate (ny'tk, ny*tyy) ©pp.; pi. -/ ^w'tny'tk, 

Sywny'ty, ny'^k 
taken 
TSP 5.12, 7.59; BBB; Sogdica. 60.3 ; TSP 2.36-, CII 

1990 F12 

6213 nyWr- =» ny ) d , r- 

6214 ny*tk =» ny^y 

6215 ny'tyy M =* ny^y 

6216 ny^S B, S L v -.Lj>^b*jJ 9 
(a)nyo6 ? 

according to 

TSP 6.119, 130, 12.14; MDii B-4R 16, >nyV<y, 
TSP 2.1177 

6217 ny'wr M j^ ^oaj <^_.>jUSl$ 
niyawar ©<anya-ydwar ^'ny'wr 

before, formerly(ar other times) 
GMS 85n 1, 479; Tales. 473.19 

6218 ny'z M ^L^I.jU 
niyaz -^ny^OO 

need 
GMS 1060 

6219 nyVnk B o/b/ <c*&~ 
nya- zang ^ny'znk, ny J zng 



different 

BSTBL, Dhu. 52, 91 

6220 nyVwt C jlujU 
niyaz-aut ©ob. -y ; pi. -tt ^ny^k'yn 
needing, needy, needful 

BSTii 833.11, 892.16, 894.18; C2, 31R16, 54R18, 
56R28, 57R16 

6221 ny'z'wty' C jU^^^lx^U 
niyazautiya 

necessity(w/zar is necessary) 
BSTii 833.11: C2, 104V11; S W, C2 

6222 ny'zk'yn B jl^jU 
niyaz-ken (ny'zqyn, ny'zkyn) ©pi. -t 

^'ny'zkyn, ny*zkyn, ny^wt 
needy 
TSP 2.1179; VJ 49, 78, 123; BSTBL, Vim. 160; 

SCE 70, 428; STi 75.14 

6223 ny'zqyn C =* ny'zk'yn 

6224 ny'zkyn =$ ny^k'yn 

6225 ny'zng C <jsk~*A 
nyazang ^ny^nk 

different 

STii 5.33; GMS 1082 

6226 ny'zngstr M 

nya-zangstar 
more different 
GMS 1288 

6227 ny'zwr B =» nyz'wr 

6228 nyc' B 
nee ©<*nahika; Khwar. n y C; Yaghn. nays 

=^nycptrwysty 
nose, nostril 
SCE 85; TSP 2.1093 n pl83 ; GMS 247 

6229 nyc 2 C 
nee =*ny5cw 

nothing 

BSTii 848.54; Benv. JA 1955, 327; C2, 69V20 

6230 nycptrwysty B i^f^ 
nec-patruxste =*nyc* 

obstructed nose 

SCE 85 

6231 nyct'y B u>^» 
nict(e) ©<*ni-kata ?; Khwar. nkndk; Parth. 

ngnd 
buried 
BSTBL, Padm. 2 



cr^C 'j-^'lt* 



S=* 



ny8- 



250 



6232 ny5- B, M, S j^ 
niS (nyd-) <£)<*ni-hida; Shad-; Khwar. nyO\ 

Yaghn. nid, nlsta ©impf. nyd- =*nyst- 
(fo)sit down 
BBB dl2 ; GMS 398, 586; TSP 5.81; VJ 849; 

BSTBL; SCE 166, 176, 530; C2 gloss.; Frag. 

Len. 82a 18; AVS 78, 115 

6233 nyd- C =» nyS- 

6234 ny8 M k B ^^ 
neSak, ne8e =^ny8k, nyS^ 7 

nobody 

BSTBL, Vim. 97 ; GMS 1577; S W, SGI 1986, 408- 

13 

6235 nyS'm'nty B c Vmi^S ^,.:j 

niSamande 

sitting, seat 

TSP 5.50; GMS 1100 

6236 ny6V B <^j 
nlSe (nystk) ©prcs. part. =^ny8-, nyst*y 
sitting 

BSTBL, Dhy. 193; Benv. Notesii 230 

6237 ny5y B ^^ 
ne8e ©*naidaka; A v. naeSa ©pi. -t =*ny8»k, 

ny8k 
nobody 
SCE 455; Benv. Notesiv 501; GMS 455 

6238 nyS'yc(h) B 
neSec ^nyS'y 2 , >y8c 
nothing 
TSP 2.141; BSTBL-, Vim. 50, 184; GMS 1579, "by 

no means" 



S^{£=~ 



t^-j^sAA, 



J^-^t^A 



6239 ny6>ycw B 
neSecu =^ny8cw 
nothing 

SCE 397; TSP 2.175; S W, SGI 1986, 412-3 

6240 ny5p>yz- B frS &j &J* J**** 
ni-S^ez ©inf. -j> 

OcOkindle, (ro)inflame 

BSTBL, Dhy. 67; Benv. JA 1955, 393 

6241 nySpnwk M okj<j^> 
niSPnuk ? =»pr8J3n 

damage 

BBB 588; GMS 978 

6242 ny8cw B, S 
neScu ©Av. neda-cim ^nyS'ycw, nyc 2 
nothing 
VJ 23 c , 8 d ; TSP 9.139, 15.23; BSTBL, Vim. 178, 



r^ 



jLJth** 



Dhu. 242, 284; GMS 1578; MSP b 134; S W, 
SGI 1986, 412-3 

6243 ny5k S ^^ 
neSe ©*naida-Ica =>nyS»k, ny8 J y 2 

nobody 

Anc. Lett. 2.8, 1.10 

6244 nyy B, S &*><^jj*&~* 
nix =»nyy, nyyw 

deep, profound, attentive 

TSP 2.949, 9.86, 12.64, 14.28; VJ 923; STii 9.12; 

BSTBL; MDii p206 ; Frag. Len. 38.5; nyYy, TSP 

6.49.62 

6245 nyy'wnt- B OJuij* 
niyund (nyywnt-) ©impf. =>ny'wnt- 
GcOcovcr 

VJ 93; O 2 34: Frag. Len. 93.34 

6246 nyy'ws- B, C 
ni-yos (nyyws) ©impf. 

GcOhcar 

SCE 6 ; BSTi A26 ; BSTii: C2 gloss. 

6247 nyytm B 
nixtam =*nyy 

deepest 

BSTBL, Vim. 38; GMS 1295 

6248 nyyw B, S 
nixQ ©adv. =»nyy, nyx 
deeply 

TSP 2.616, 1197; MDii; nyYw nyYw y TSP 2.1208 

6249 nyywnt- =» nyy'wnt- 

6250 nyyws =» ny*ws- 

6251 nyywynt- C jjuli^ 
nlywend ©impf. =^ny } wnt- 

OcOdrcss 

STii 5.27; GMS 626; AVS 78 

6252 nyyy'kh S j^<oX> 
nlxyak 

attention, deepness 
Sogdica. 4.2 

6253 nyjt- =* nyjyt- 

6254 nyj(y)- M ^joj^- <u^£>- 
niz, nizay ©<*niz(a)ya-\ Yaghn. niz\ <*nis-ay- 

=»nyz-, nyz-, nyzy-, nyz J y-, nyzy- 

(to)go out 

BBB ; W-Lii; GMS 66, 198, 568 n 1 ; AVS 138, 94 

6255 nyjyny M ^J^^ <-u*^oliJ 



251 



nymyBw'dy 



nizene ©pi. -t ^nyz^y 



emanating 
GMS 895, 1249 

6256 nyjyt- M 0-C<£>- 
niz(i)t (nyzt-, nyjt-) ©<*nizita ©pt. st. 

=*nyzt-, nyzyt-, nzt- 
(to)go out 
GMS 539n 1, 568; BBB, pl30 

6257 nyk B ^_^<jC; 
nek ©MP nek <*naiba-ka- 

good 

TSP 27.3a, 3-, Frag. Len. 44.11 

6258 nykr'n B (fjj" <Jj^)>=r <'-*?- <j' £j^ 
nikran (nykyr'n) ©*niz A v. karan- 

apart, apart from, outside, except 
BSTBL, Dhy. 122, 158; TSP 2.866, 6.67; GMS 
1148, III; nykr>nw y Vim. 133 

6259 nykyr'n B, M =» nykr'n 

6260 nym S 
ncm ©Av. naema =>nymy(y) 
half 
MDii; Anc. Lett. 4.4, 5.25; GMS 81, nim 

6261 nym'k 1 S =» nymy(y) 

6262 nymV B j^ A 
nime ©<*nimaka 

lower, innfcrior 

TSP 3.177 n pl97 ; Mack. BSOAS 33.119 

6263 nym'n B *xjf^j&c tj&j> 
niman ©ob. pi. -ty =»*nm- 2 

haughty, contemptuous 

GMS 291; SCE 370; TSP 5.61; BSTBL, Vim. 164 



<r- 



"Sj^r 



6264 nynVntCy) B 
nimand(eVnimandi 
these, to these 

TSP; GMS 1501 

6265 nym'ntyh B 
nimandya =**nm- 2 
contempt 

SCE 75; TSP 5.52, 72; GMS 291 

6266 nym'wS- B 
ni-mo5 ©<*ni-maud- 
(to)lament ? 

BSTBL, Dhu. 296 

6267 nym'y' M 

nimay ©impf. ^nnVy- 1 
GcOjudge 



h^J c?L* '^J 



^Ay i^JC^ 



JJLj^» LO$J> </lj 



O^J OjUaS 



yJ tf L* 'jM 



'r*r* 



jjLi-^^^-i ijjL^jli^f 



GMS 626; Hen. Tales. 467.35 ; AVS 91 

6268 nym'yS B, M, S 
nimcS (nymy8, nymy8, -my5) 
to it, to this 
TSP 2.436 "in this"; GMS 1404, I486; BBB b88 ; 

MD 

6269 nymn'y B => V nymz'y 

6270 nym nym M 
nem-nem 
half and half 

GMS 1633 

6271 nyms- B 
ni-yams ©inf. - } y, -7 
GcObe caught 

VJ p219 ; Hen. Texts. 715; TSP 2.858, 6.147; AVS 

74 

6272 nymt- M, C oj&J&J* 
ni-yamt, nimt ? ©<*ni-yamt ©pt. st. 

0o)be caught 

GMS 539.4; AVS 74, 101 

6273 nymty M, C <$^ tjss^ 
niyamte ©pp.; pi. -/ 

caught 

GMS 835; STi 79.6, 78.13; BSTii 829.1: C2 gloss. 

6274 nymy S -uj 
neme =^nym, nymy(y) 

half 

MDii p206, MDiii pl24 ; CII 1990 B4 E18 

6275 nymyS M, S =* nym'yS 

6276 nymyficyk M j^'^^'jjj**^^ ^y-s* 
nem-me0clk 

meridian 

GMS 81, 1014; BBBd3 

6277 nymy8(h) M, S ^> 
neme9, nem-me9 ^nymyGw'dy 
south, noon 

GMS 81; BBB p69 ; W-Lii 546.13; MDii p206 

6278 nymyS kyr'n M 

neme8-kiran =^kyr } n 

south 

BBB p99 d3 ; GMS 81 

6279 nymyflw'dy C 

nem-me9-wa5e =^kyr*n 

south 

BSTii 858.17: C2.23R17 



<jj^y 



jj u^< 



jjy*-?' 



nymyxsp 



252 



6280 nymyxsp M ^J-<u-j 
neme- xsap 

midnight 

Sogdica. p26 ; BBB p9 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 
138n 3, nymyxsp* p } scyk "midnight fasting" 

6281 nymy(y) M, S Ja^k^j 
neme (nym'k 1 ) 

half 

Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 138n3 ; nym>k, MDii; 
Frag. Len. 47, 2, 3, 4 ; Hen. Tales. 474.8, 475.10 

6282 nymz- B uj>31*-^- <j^ >> 
ni-m(i)z ©<*ni-miz <*ni maig =*L } nym2 } y, 

nmzy* 
0o)blink 
Benv. Notesii 241; Bailey. Prolexis. 137; BSTBL, 

Vim. 201; S W, C2n p57.29 

6283 nyp5- B jjl>j7 ^ojl^jI^ 
nipe/a5 ©<Av. ni pai6ya-\ Khot. nuvad\ 

Khwar. ^bzy-, Pahl. nibastan-, Yaghn. nipid 

^'np'stk, np } y6- 
(to)\ie down 
GMS 544; VJ 1138; TSP 13.8, 2.535; BSTBL, Dhy. 

351; SCE 324; Bailey. Prolexis. 141; AVS 114 

6284 nypys- C, S -i^ 
nipes ©impf. ^np*ys- 

(/<?)write 

STi 30.1: MDii; Anc. Lett.; CII 1990 C3 

6285 nyr'kk B =» zyr>kk 

6286 nyrp'n B jj>)(Lj<£jj gUs jt ^Uj^)^ 

nirPan, nirvana 
Nirvana 

6287 nyrp'ncyk B Wj^(*-kjo*> 
nirPan-cik 

(related fcONirvana 

VJ ; TSP 16.2a, BSTBL, Dhy. 366 

6288 nyr5p»k B (.JLh^f^j* 
nirgpe ? (nyr5p C)) y) ©Khwar. drmcyh 

<*ni-drdma-Jca ? 
scorpion 
SCE 118, 327; TSP 3.85, 6.9; GMS A466 

6289 nyr8p ()) y => nyr5p>k 

6290 nyrq M => nyrk (,) 

6291 nyrk (,) B, M j 
nirk (nyrq) ©<*naryaka 

male 



JJ>- 



SCE 561; TSP 2.383, 19.21; GMS 183, 485, 536, 
976 n 1; BBB al2 b53 ; Sund. 1994, 45.16 

6292 nyrk'yr B 
nirk- (a) xar 
male ass 

TSP 19.21 n p232 

6293 nyrkcsmy B - ? j ^ oj j^ tJX ^ 
nirk/zirk-casme ? =^zyrkcsmy 

male eyes 

Benv. VJ 40 d n p94 ; "blue eyes", Szmerenyi. 

JAOS 1950, 230; zyrkcsmy "yellow eyes" 

Gersh. GMS 526A 

6294 nyrmh =» zyrmh 

6295 nyrth B =» zyrth 

6296 nysn C (^ *j ;^'^^)jUi t JU ^^ 6 U 

nisan, nisan 

third month of the ycar(Nisan) 

BSTii 843.43: C2, 68V 11 

6297 nysn'nc S JU^aUoW 
nisana/cnc/c (nysnync) 

third month of the ytar(Nisan) 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.4; MDiii; nysn y nc, MDii 

Nov. 6, 2 

6298 nysnync M, S =* nysn'nc 

6299 nyst (u>> ^* j>)c~~j 
nest (nystt, nyyst) ©<*ne-asti ^sty 1 , nst 

is not 

GMS 73n 1, 784, nyst fiw- "to be destroyed" 5 
nyst kwn- "to destroy" 

6300 nyst- (oy> ^^ ^)j^^ 
nist ©pt. st. =*nyS-, nst- 1 

(/o)sit down 
GMS 586; BBB 754 

6301 nyst'wy C ^jU uJip<L3< u :,„.i 
nestawe ©ace. -w ^nst*wy 

perdition 
BSTii: C2, 24V7 

6302 nyst'y B, S <^j 
niste, niste (nystk) ©Yaghn. nista ©pp.; pi. -t 

=^nystch, nsty, nysty 1 , nyS'y 1 

sitting, seated 

SCE 40; O 3 112; BSTBL, Dhy. 245, 252, 362; KG 

475; TSP 7.13; VJ 1259; Frag. Len. 71.12, 84a 

10 

6303 nyst pw — $ nyst, Pw- 



253 



nyst8 ) r- 



6304 nystch B k^j 
nis(t)ca (nscO ©f. pp. -^nyst'y, nsty 

seated *. 

VJ 324, 790 

6305 nystk =» nyst>y, nysty 1 

6306 nyst kwn- =» nyst, wn-\ kwn- 

6307 nystt =» nyst 

6308 nystw B => nysty 1 

6309 nyst wn- =* nyst, wn-\ kwn- 

6310 nysty 1 B, M az-ju 
niste (nystk) ©pp. =*nsty, nyst>y 

sitting 

VJ 1259, 1424; TSP 7.13; Hen. Tales. 481.38; STi 
31.13; STii 4, 19 

6311 nysty 5 B, C c~-j 
nest(i) 

is not 

TSP 16.32; BSTi 85.101 

6312 nys B, S (uLtOo^J^p iS^A^s**** 
nis ©old impv. *nis- "to see". ^n*y 2 

now, just now, in addition 

CMS 299; VJ 207, 1144 n p92 ; TSP 2.1203, 1222 

n pl84 ; 281 Add.; BSTBL pi 17 MD; Frag. Len. 

37.10; CII 1990 E7 

6313 nys- 1 B, M, C o^TjuIs < o^J'^j*- 
nes (nyys-) ©<*nasaya- ©trans, st. ^n'st-, 

n*stk, nst- 
(to)destroy, 0o)spoil 
GMS 193, 549; TSP 9.14, 136, 12.9: BBB a2 ; 

BSTii: C2, 57V20, 12R 18; AVS 82 

6314 nys- 2 B, M, C j^j ^ }\to^^\j^ 
nis ©<*nasya- ©intrans. St. «*nsty 

OcObe destroyed 

GMS 193, 549; BSTii: C2, 102V21 

6315 nys'yS- B, M, S ^lT <^ ^lif 
niseS (nysyyS-, nysy5-) ©<*ni-sadaya- 

©impf. =*nsyd- 
(ro)set, GcOplace 
GMS 545, 626; VJ 864, 1358; impf. Frag. Len. 

86.8, 412, 5; nypy&tt, SCE 529, 3sg. subj. 

6316 nysyw'y- B jju^ 
nisxway (nwsyw'y-) ©<*nis- xwahaya- 

©impf. ? ^nsyw'y- 
(ro)cut off 
TSP 1629; nwsYw'yU TSP 16.24, 3sg. pres.; pp. 

TSP 16.38; nsYwsU GMS 679 



6317 nyskNv- M a^jjTuj^? 
niskaw (nysq'w-) ©pres. & impf. =»nysqwyt-, 

nysqwyd'r-, nsk'w- 
(rcOtake out, (ro)remove 
BSTii: C2 gloss.; impf. Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.18; 

Frag. Len. 89.7; inf. pres. Frag. Len. 40.1; GMS 

626; MSP bl 19; AVS 81 

6318 nysq'w- C =* nysk*w- 

6319 nysqr'n C oj^><£j^<j*r 
niskran (nyskyr>n) 

out(o/) 

STi 4.8, 10.8; Benv. JA 1943-5; Sund. AoFiii 84.8; 
MSP b57 

6320 nyskrt B c><^ 
niskart (nysqrt) =»nskrt 

explanation 

TSP 1625, 26, 27, 30; STii 526; GMS 678 

6321 nysqrt C =4 nyskrt 

6322 nysqwydV- C u-^^Oj^ 
niskuydar (nysqwxd>r-) ©perf. st. 

(fo)take out 

STi 36.4, 21.9; BSTii: C2, 94V9, 102R7 

6323 nysqwyt- C 0*1^03^ 
niskuyd ©pt. st. =*nysk*w- 

(fcOpull out, 0o)take out 

GMS 56; BSTi 121, pp. nysqwYty 

6324 nysqwxd'r- ^ nysqwyd'r- 

6325 nyskyr'n B =* nysq^n 

6326 nysny C oju^ji^j 
nesne ©pres. part.; trans. v. ; pi. -/ =*nys- 1 

destructive 

BSTii 8492, 851.4; Benv. JA 1955, 325; C2, 12R2, 
12V4 

6327 nyst- M, C o-^XoL^j < a^v'>- 
nist- ©pt. st.; perf. nystwd y r- =»nysty, nst- 

(to)destroy, (ro)spoil 

BBB p8l, 674; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p216 

6328 nyst't- B, M o>ty*rji <i>kuU^i 
nistat ©*ni-stdta ©pt. st. =*nysty-, nst*t- 

(fo)order, 0o)fix, (reestablish 

GMS 122, 561; VJ 1416, nystWr-t AVS 93 

6329 nyst'y- => nsty- 

6330 nyst8>r- C ^tT 
nisSar ©<ndsiSdr- ©trans, perf. ^nsydt'r- 
(rc)plant 



nysty 



254 



STi 19.15; GMS 434 

6331 nysty C c-Jv'> 
nistc =»nyst-, nsty 

spoiled, destroyed 

apud. Sund. AoFi 253.6 

6332 nysty- M, C, S jih^3~ <o>^ ' JJjt 0->'->j>^-> 
nistay ©<*ni-staya; OP nistaya-, \Tsta =»nsty- 
(ro)order, (ftOfix, (/^announce 

GMS 561, 677, 1605; BSTii 88.13, 873.12; impf. 
nysty, C2 gloss. 

6333 nysty*ty C «j£f}W «oi«3b^. 
nistayate ©pp.; nom. nt. -tw ^nyst't- 

announced 
BSTii: C2, 94R17 

6334 nysy C ?^<?J^OiJ 
nis(y) ? 

present ?, following ? 

BSTii 898.116: C2 gloss.; Benv. JA 1955, 332 ; 
STSC 48 

6335 nysyc/s- C u^jl* i&J'^Je 
nisec ? ®<*nisacaya-\ fhak ©3sg. pres. nySysf 
(^contemplate, (ro)plan 

BSTii 831.26; Mack. BSOAS, 33.120; C2, 102V26 

6336 nysyS- M =# ny^yS- 

6337 nysy8tCk) B ^ca^J'jj 
niscStc ©pp. 

established 
TSP 8.196, 10.21 

6338 nysyny C j>jJ^>ybij^^\j^ 
niscne ©pi. -r; pres. part.; intrans. v. 
perishable 

BSTiii 884.6, 7 ; Benv. JA 1955, 325; C2, 48V9, 10 

6339 nysyyS- => nys } y5- 

6340 nyt B, C $JL> 
net, nit ©pi. of (>) ny 

others 

GMS 85 n 1, 1246; STi 203; pi. ob. nyty, VJ 199; 
BSTii: C2 gloss. 

6341 nyw M, C, S *&><£* 

nyu ©<anyam ©ace. ^nyw, ny- 
other 

GMS 85, 1194; STi 43.10; BSTii 877.1, 897.89; CII 
1990 p84 

6342 nyw'nt B, M jT kly < jT * *^-fj < jT* 
niwand 

to it, by it 



BBB ; GMS 1464; TSP; nyw>nty, Hen. Tales. 
486.16; BSTBL p 117 

6343 nyw'yS B jT^ ( jU 
niweS 

to it, for it 

GMS 1404, 1457; TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 80 

6344 nyw ) y6- B j^J^td^J'^^ 
niwe8 ©impf. ^nw^S- 

(r<?)invite, (ro)request 
BSTBL, Dhy. 181 

6345 *nywq ^ nywqst 

6346 nywqst C o J ;j< L ^ 
nayukst (*nywq) ©elat. adj. ^n*ywk 

deep, very deep 

BSTii 861.51: C2.23V20-I 

6347 nyx M, C, B J*k«-\>3<i>~** 
nix ©adj. & adv. =»nyy, nyyw, nyy 

deep, profound, learned, profoundly 
BBB f 56, KG 329; STii 1.44; BSTBL; BSTii: C2, 
1R24, 11V24; ob.nyxy, Sund. MSP b34, 110, 
113; adv. C2, 7R25; Sund. MHC 25 



*->-V u^ j j" 



t£*£- i^>~^ i03: 



6348 nyxrs- C 
nixres ©impf. =>nxrys- 
GcOblame 
BSTii; C2, IV 16 

6349 nyxy* M 
nixya 

care, deepness, search 
BBB 727 f 59; Sund. Man. Lett. 305.8, 24 

6350 nyy M =» ny 

6351 nyy>s- M 
niyas ©impf. ^ny's-, n'y's- 

(/o)take 
GMS 701 

6352 nyyst M ==* nyst 

6353 nyys- M => nys- 1 

6354 nyyw- C 
ni-yaw ? ©<*n/-yav 
(fo)follow, (to)succeed 

STii 5.31; Benv. JA 1959, 127 

6355 nyz- B, S {oy> j^» j>)j*j03^ <u-*^£j^- 
niz (nyz-) ©<*nizya ©impf. nyz =#nyj(y)-, 

nyz-, nyz } y- 

(to)go out 

GMS 568 n 1; SCE ; TSP ; BSTBL; MDii A-9R2; 
Frag. Len.; VJ 



O^ji t v r -^jU- i o*j JtJi 



255 



nyzt'k 



if 3 J <^\ *£~*j> 



6356 nyz- C <>^£j^- 
niz ©impf. nyz =*nyzy-, nyz-, nyj(y)-, nyz'y- 

(to)go out 

STi 63.11; BSTi; BSTii: C2 gloss. 

6357 nyz- B =* nyz-, nyz- 

6358 nyz»r B =* nyz'r 

6359 nyz^wr B =# nyz>wr 

6360 nyz'mnt* =» nyz'mnty 

6361 nyz'mnty C oiif>>«oip-j<£j^>- 
niz-amande (nyz'mnt') ©abl. -t\ ace. -fw; gen. 

- ty ^nyzy'mWk 
exit, departure, death 
BSTii: C2 gloss. 

6362 nyz'nt B, S 
nizand =*nyznt 
righteous, honest, humble 
TSP 2.756, 1181, 11.15 n pl78 ; MSP b65 

6363 nyz'ntyh B 
nizandya/i =»nyzndy* 
righteousness, good reputation 
TSP 2.794 

6364 nyz'pdy* ? C ^j^tj^ l J^3^ 
nczapaSya ? ©<Av. naeza+ pad ? 

kin, compatriot 
STSC 49 Add. 152 

6365 nyz'r B, M 
nizar (nyz'r) 
pain, hardship 
VJ 310, 320; nyz'r, VJ 795 

6366 nyz'wr B, M, C jiyu <, 



6370 nyz'yn'y S 



u j-*£> 



<3J ] y 'tsJj*'* *j>o 



nizawar ? (nyz*wr, ny'zwr) ©ob. -y ; ob. pi. -ty 

weak, powerless 

VJ 122, 545 ; «6CE 18; TSP 2.113; BSTBL; STii 

5.14, 16; BSTii: C2 gloss.; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 

24V5 pl89 

6367 nyz*wrstr M ,/O'yk 
nizawar- star ©pi. -t 

weaker 

GMS 1243, 1288, 1148 

6368 nyz'y- B, S (u^^^j^o^^J^^jd^^i 
nizay (nyz>y-) ©<*nizaya- <*nis-ay ©impf. 

n. ^nyzy-, nyj(y)-, nyzy-, nyz- 
Qo)gct out, (to)go out 
GMS 264, 568. ; TSP; VJ ; BSTBL pi 17, SCE 93, 

215, 283, 327, 384; AVS 94, impf. VJ 349, etc. 

6369 nyz'y- =» nyz*y- 



nizene, nizayne ©pres. part.; pi. -t =^nyjyny 
going out 
KG 564 

6371 nyzpVk B ^^U.jl^ 
nizPane ^nyzp'nyfy) 

passion, anger 

GMS 677; BBB 537; SCE 305, 117; TSP 2.37, 310, 
10.20 

6372 nyzb'ny C =¥ nyzP'ny(y) 

6373 nyzp'ny(y) M ^UO^oi 1, 
nizPande ? (nyzb'ny) ©ace. num. v. -n*; pi. -f; 

ob. pi. -tyy ^nyzPWk 
passion 
BBB p66, 537, 586, 705, 615; BSTii: C2, 40V19 

C2, 51R24 

6374 nyzn- C *^*~k 
nizan ?, nszn ? (nzn(y)) ©m. n., ace. -w; nom. 

gen. -y ; abl. -> 
nature 
BSTii: C2 gloss.; nzn(y), STii 3.18 

6375 nyzady 1 M ^sJ'isJy*- 
nizandya (nyzntyO =»nyz'ntyh, nzndy*h 
humility, humbleness 

GMS 27 ; BSTii 888.10, 8911 1, 909.26: C2 gloss. 

6376 nyznt C j 3 j 
nizand ^nyz^t 

modest, humble 

BSTii 826.5: C2, 94R5 

6377 nyznty* C ==» nyzndy* 

6378 nyznymyc C c.*,,.,!^ L*j>j+) i^M 
niz(a)nemec ©pi. -myst =*nyzn- 

natural, (o/)nature 

BSTii 893.16; Benv. JA 1959, 13a ; pi. nyznymysu 
C2, 31V16 

6379 nyzt- B 0J^£>- 
niz(i)t- (nyzt-) ©<*ni-zita ©pt. St. =*nyzyt-, 

nyjyt- 
(to)go out 
GMS 779, 539n 1; VJ 278, 133; nizU STi 75.16; 

C2 gloss.; BSTi; AVS 138 

6380 nyzt- C => nyzt-, nyjyt- 

6381 nyzt w k B =» zynt>k 

6382 nyzt'k B =* zynt>k 

6383 nyzt'k B o-^dj^; <£ J^- 
niz(i)te (nyzty, nyztk) ©pp. 



nyztk 



256 



^■^Oj^e <£jk- 



out, gone out 

TSP 10.14, 16.16, BSTBL, Dhy. 5 ; nyzt\ TSP 
2.471; VJ 278, nyzty, inf. 

6384 nyztk *» nyzt>k 

6385 nyztw- ? C ozj'jf T £ j^Uj^j 
niztaw ? ©<*ni- stav- ^z'y- 

OcOpromise, GcOannounce 
GMS 575; STi 742; nystw~ng\ lsg. fut. Sund. 
AoFiii 55 

6386 nyzty C 
niz(i)te ^nyzt'k 
out, gone out 
C2 gloss. 

6387 nyzty =#> nyzt'k 

6388 nyzy- B ^juj^ <u-^£ jt^- 
nizay (nyzy-) ©<*nizaya- =»nyj(y)-, nyz'y- 
(to)go out 

VJ ; TSP ; SCE ; BSTBL; GMS 264, 568 

6389 nyzy- C OJ^<r j^- 
nizay ©impf. nyzy ->nyz-, nyj(y)-, nyz J y- 
(to)go out 

C2 gloss. p218 

6390 nyzy- =* nyzy- 

6391 nyzyWnt'k M(S) ^' j^ ^>j ^j> 
nizayamande «^nyz J mnty 

freedom 

GMS 568; KG 571 

6392 nyzyt- B 
nizit ©pt. =»nyzt-, nyjyt- 
(to)go out 

VJ 146, nyzyty; AVS 94 

6393 nz'y- B =* nyz } y- 

6394 nz'y B =* nyz'y- 

6395 nzm'y- B a>^\*jj'-> 
nizmay ? 

OcOgive a judgement 

TSP 6.100, nyzm'yh AVS 91 

6396 nzndy J h M 
nizandya (nzntyO ^nyzndy* 
humility 
GMS 27, 397 ; STii 6.13; BSTii 826.6: C2, 94R6 

6397 nznt C 
nizand =»nyznt 
humble 
STi. 6.9; Sund. AoFi 246.9 

6398 nznty' C =* nzndy'h, nyzndy* 



U-^£j^ 



^3J 



JU 



6399 nzn(y) C =* nyzn- 

6400 nzprt C =» n-, zp>rt 

6401 nzt- MD =» nzt- 

6402 nzt- C O-i^jU- 
nizt (nyzt- nzt-) ©pt. st. =*nyjyt- 

(to)go out 

GMS 539 n 1 ; STii 3.65; STi 87.23; AVS 138 

6403 nzt(w) S Ji Aji 
nazt/d 

near 

Anc. Lett. 5.4, ^nztw "nearby" 

6404 nzyny C =» n-, zyn>y 



6405 p'Wk B -> p>5>k' 

6406 p> M, C djt&'&Jds. 
pa ©<parlt <part <paruti ©conj. ^p'r\ p't\ 

p>rwty 
for, but, because 
GMS 358 <par ; STi 81.10; STii 6.35; BSTBL: C2 

gloss.; S W, C2 pl83 

6407 pVyn B, S ^L 
pacyan =*p>cyny 

answer 

TSP 1525; GMS 674 n 2 

6408 p'cy'm B, C O^iJiSji^^ 
pacyam 

false, unreliable 
STii 7.3, 8.9; GMS 674 

6409 p>cyny C £j, 
pacayne ©Ann. patasaxnU Heb. ptsgn 

^pHcynyCy), p^yn 
answer 
STi 18.5, 27.15.37.2, 58.8, 67.4; Sund. AoFviii 

1981 p216 ; BSTii: C2 gloss. +w/i-" to answer" 

6410 p'ckrt M J,U» ^ ijej* juj^r** 
packart, packrt ©<*pati- krta 

in place of 

GMS 674; BBB p77, 633 

6411 p'crt M, C 
pacrat (p>crty) ©<*pati-rata ©ob. p>crty 
reward 
BBB 633; STii 6.29; GMS 121, 674n 1; KG 2328; 

C2, 68 R13 ; Schwartz. MJM 407 



^ 



257 



pVwn- 



-j^i ij_yi* 



6412 p'crty ^ p^r't 

6413 p'd C ^ p>5 

6414 p>8 B, M L 
pa5 ©<*pada; Yaghn. poda ©ob. »j ; pi. -f; ob. 

pi. -ry ^p^k 1 , p>5h, p>d> 
foot, leg 
VJ ; TSP ; SCE 116; BSTBL, Dhy. 3; BBB ; STii 

4.38; BSTii: C2 gloss. p*dl6u VJ 246, 804, 970, 

1265 

6415 p'd' C u 
pa5a ©in compd. ^sypW, p'5 

leg 

BSTii 890.35; C2 pl32.60V3 

6416 pWk 1 B, S U lejij* t^l <l 
pa8e (p s 6>k) ->p>8k t p>8y, p>6 

foot, leg 

TSP 2.36, 7.60, 165, 9.3; BSTBL, Dhy. 35 ; KG 373; 
Frag. Len. -w, 37.4 

6417 p>S ) k 3 B 
paSk(a)? ^pSk* 
law 
VJ 54 b n p92 

6418 p'5 >nkwst => p>Sy } nkwst 

6419 p'S'y' B 
pa8e ^p'8'k 1 , p'8y\ p'Sk 
on fodl, standing 

VJ 65 b etc.; BSTBL, Vim. 139; pi. pWyu VJ 779, 
803, 1104 

6420 p>5y B y£~>*s* 
paGe ^p'88'k, p>88, Sr'wnp'8'y 

arrow 
SCE 135 

6421 p'Sp'r- B j^^Ui 
paOfar ©*upa-0war- ©impf. ^pSP'r- 
GcOhaste 

TSP 13.28 

6422 p>58 B.M.S u&-oe 
pa9 ©Skt. path, Yaghn. pah Oss. fat\ Rosn. pad 

©ob. pi. -ty =*p% p , 6>y 2 , p»58 , k 
arrow 
TSP 2.281, 1050, 1067; VJ 251n p93 ; Sogdica. 

39.13, 40 Add.; MDii p206 ; Bailey. Asica. 11; 

Benv. Et. Oss. 47 

6423 pWk B 
pa8e ^p^S, p'S'y* 
arrow 






C/S^j ij*? 



fJiil 



TSP 2.1040 

6424 p>Sh B 
pa 8 ^p'8 
foot 
VJ 1179 

6425 p>5k B 
pa8e ^pWk 1 , p^y 1 , p5yk 
foot, step 

BSTBL, Dhy. 284 

6426 p>8r B, M i/ L^^j^A 
paGr, pas ©<Av. paOra =^p*r8, p's 1 

respect, honour 

GMS 440; SCE 544; BSTBL, Dhy. 8, 129; Sogdica. 
2521 

6427 -p>8w B I 
pa8(u) ©in compd. -^c'rS^p'Sw, cyrSp'Sw 

foot 

GMS 111,440 

6428 p>dy C ** p , 5y I 

'6429 pV B, M ^l^t-Nl^l 

paSe (p'dy, p>8yy) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. -ty% n. adv. 

->p>8y 
foot, on foot, upright, standing, under 
GMS 969; VJ 23*, 30\ 255 ; SCE 379; TSP 3.193, 

5.12, 23, 16.26; BSTBL-, BBB-, Hen. Tales. 472; 

STi 2222, 37.18, 56.2 ; STii 4.38; BSTi 180, 

BSTii: C2 gloss.; Sund. AoFviii 1981 pi 84, 26 

V19 ; Frag. 2all, 12 "under" 

6430 p>8y 2 S (U)jL^UiLoU; 
pa8e ©Khwar. p9k 

building, foundation 
Anc. Lett. 321; MDii p59.8 

6431 p'8y 'nkwst B tc*i& 
paSe-ankust ** } nkwst(h) 

toe 

BSTBL, Dhy. 29, 31, 32; p>dyk } nkwsth y Dhy. 21 

6432 p>8yy M^ p'Sy 1 

6433 p'Syk B ^i 4 * **Jfs) 'uk 
paSik ^p^k 1 , p&yk 

{related to)foot 
BSTBL, Dhy. 21 

6434 p'y'wn- B oxly>.tJ <ox\y>- 
paxon, paxwan ©impf. ^'pywn- 

(/<9)call 
VJ 207 



pYwnt- 



258 



6435 pVwnt- B frfj&\ 
payund ©impf. ^'py'wnt- 

(ro)reveal 

TSP 6.83; Sund. MHC 25V4 

6436 p'ysynt S(M) ? (JOjj^ 
paxsend ? ©pi. ? 

counsellor^ )? 

Hen. Tales. 483.5 n 1 

6437 p>YsVny? S f^lj^^^j^ 
paxs(n)e ? 

monk ?, (fo)reireat ? 

MDii A-9R3 p96, 1 ; Gersh. Advice. p86, impf. 
opt. of pxsn- 

6438 p'ysy B v lls 
paxs(e) ? (pysy 3 ) =»pys(h) 

butcher 
TSP 2.232 

6439 pY*vc(h) B ^LJ<jb* 
pax/yuc 

ornate 
SCE 451 

6440 p^wyS- S jjiijKiT 
paywid ©f*gaud-\ *apa-gudya- ©impf. pass. 

st. =»* J pYwy5- 
OcOappear 
KG 470; S W, Appd. 3.2.4 

6441 p } krtyh B ^itaJs^sJUrtJ* 
pa-k(a)rte ©<*apa-krtya- 

not done, nonaction 
VJ 192; GMS 1163 

6442 p'm B <sf **sr 
pam ©<*pdmart\ Av. pqman 

mange 

TSP 7.60 n p212 

6443 pWytk B {(k*^^^ 1 ^^^^^ 1 ^ 
pamlte (p'myt'y, p'mytk) ©Parth. y b y myh 

loan 

SCE 162; STii 10.28, 32, 38; GMS 86 

6444 p'mpwst M, S jL^ <<£u 
pambust ©pi. ~th ^P'mPwst 

queen 

GMS 1246; 1518; Benv. Titres et Noms Propres. 
p27, 453 n 1 ; KG 436 

6445 p'myn'n S * uLt^>> 
p/bamenan ©<Parth. bamenan 

bright 

Sund. KG 613; S W, Appd. 3.5 



jf>^ i\&y* 



UJ 



J£ 



6446 p'myt'y =* p'm'ytk 

6447 p'mytk =* pWytk 

6448 p>n C 
f/pan ©MP xw>n 
table 
STi 49.1; BBB p87.750 ; GMS 235 

6449 pWsCy)- B 
panas, panes ©impf. ^pn'ys- 
(to)lose 

TSP 1146 n p225 

6450 p'n'wS'k B, S J? ^ :^ j^O)c^>> j/ ju^J ^^ 

(p'nwSyh) 

sprout, shoot, manner, custom ? 

BSTBL, Dhu. 39, 164 ; Hen. Sogdica. 16.17b n 

pl9 ; p>nw6Wy t Frag. Len. 38.11, 18, 2a, 53.1; 

"part of a tree", apud. S W, BSOAS 1981, 234 

6451 p'nwfiyh M *± p , n > w6 ) k 

6452 pV B,M,S Uj<Jj>.'& 
par =^p } rwty, p* 

but, for, because 

GMS 118, 358; MDii; S W, C2 pl83 

6453 p»r J S J*J'{h 
par (p*rh) 

loan 

Anc. Lett. 2.30; Hen. BSOAS 12, 607 n 2; Anc. 

Lett. 1.9, p } nh ? 

6454 pV C (^^•C^/^) tt U r ^^Ji=-lj 

par ©Gk. koros 

unit of liquid volume(720 galons) 

STi 43.12; GMS 1662 

6455 p'r- B, M, C $ o>ju, <CpW^ t&J'j, 
par ©Khot. par ^p'rny 1 

(to)fi\l, OcOnourish, (to)nurture 
GMS 89a, SCE 106, BSTBL; Dhu. 206; VJ 1109; 
C2 gloss. 

6456 -p'r ^Je'isy 
par ©suff. in compd. -^'wrSp'r, mr5p } r, c^rp'r, 

Pykp'r, cyndrp'r 
towards, to 
GMS 1116 

6457 pVy'z «* p*r*Yz 

6458 p'r'ys- S o-^^J <a^t»^U jxU 
paraxs ©impf. =*prxs-, p>rxs- 

(fo)remain 



259 



p'ryk 



Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.5 

6459 pVrz B, M, S Jj\cJ&cJ* 
parayz (p'rYz) ^p'ryz 

excellent, wonderful 

VJ 839, 857; SCE 523; TSP 5.8, 9 & etc.; BSTBL; 
Frag. Len. 70.5 ; MSP b55 ; w'pYVzt, "so 
excellent", Dhu. 292; GMS 1313; pVT'z, Dhu. 
223-, TSP 15.25; GMS 674 n 2 

6460 pVk S(AL) =» pVyk 2 

6461 pVtBV- B d^J^^jj^ 
part(u)-6ar- (p^twd'r-) ©perf. st. 
GcOnourish 

Frag. 2a.5 ; S W, IIJ 1976, 53 ; Bugut Insc. B2.4 

6462 pVxs M, S -# p*rxs- 

6463 pVyc- B, C, S ^f^j^jfj^ 
parec (p'ryc) ©impf. 

(ro)leave 

VJ 1037; MDii; Karab. Insc. ; C2 gloss.; CII 1990 
E9? 

6464 pVyk 1 B JL> 
parlk (p'ryq, p'ryyk) =*p'ryk 

other 

BSTBL, Dhy. 261; KG 343; >yw pVyk, TSP 5.10, 
BSTBL, Intox, ^altogether" 

6465 pVyk 2 B, M jl?T,Ui 
pare/ik (pVk) ©pi. -/ -^pVyc- 

remains 

TSP 2.193, 373; Hen. Texts. 717; BSOAS 11.70, 
15 ; pYk, Anc. Lett. 2.18; Hen. BSOAS 12, 606.8 

6466 p'rc- C o^J'^j 
par(e)c ©impf. ^p'r'yc- 

(ro)leave, (fo)abandon 
C2, 1R26 

6467 pVS M <SJ \x,i^M>\ J A 
parG ©<*par0a <*pa9ra ^p'dr, p's 1 

care, watch 

Sogdica. 25.21 n p26 ; GMS 292, 440 

6468 p } r5wnp B ^jLil^jl 
parfiunp, pardumb 

crupper 

VJ 1419 n p98f ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 147 

6469 p'rytyk B v mT i6 j^ a )^f 
paraydik ? 

false 

Mack. BSTBL, Dhy. 273; S W, BSOAS 1983, 43 

6470 p'ryz B, M JU 
parayz ^p'r'yz 



JUT 



l \SJji 



•^jj^t 



*JU' <lW; 



^-jl ^<iai- 



k^jv <<s"A 



excellent, wonderful 

BSTBL, Dhu. 46, 56-, Hen. Tales. 476.18; MSP 
b63 ; TSP 16.22 

6471 p'ryzy' M 
parayzya ^p'ryz 
perfection, excellence 
Hen. BSOAS 12, 307.30; GMS 1111 

6472 pVh -> p'r 2 

6473 p'rny 1 C 
parne ©pres. part, -^p'r- 
nurturing 
BSTii 849.5: C2, 12R5 

6474 p>rny' S(AL) -► p>rZY 

6475 p>rs C 
pars 
Persia 
STii 329; BSTii 872.3: C2, 1R6 

6476 pVs Nvt'q C 
pars-otak 
Pars region 
C2, 1R6 p68 

6477 p'rsyk M, S 
parsik (p'rsyq) ©pi. -/; ob. pi. -ry 
Persian 

Sogdica. 8.3; GMS 996; Hen. Tales. 478.21; MDii 
A-14,22;C2, 1R9, 120V 11 

6478 p'rsyq C =» p>rsyk 

6479 p'rtwS'r- S -* pVtS'r- 

6480 pVty(y) M ut'tfOfUj 
par-ti -»p\ p>t\ p>rwty, p'rZY 

for, then 

Hen. BBB; BSOAS 11.70.6; S W, C2 pl83 

6481 p>rwty B, C, S (o>> ^t* j*)^ & <^ Ajj 
paruti ^p'rZY, p'rty(y) 

for, because, but, then 

GMS 118; C2 gloss. & p65, 183 , 184; VJ; TSP; 
BSTBL; SCE; STii; C2 ; MD 

6482 p'rxs- C o*Ufjt&&A 
paraxs (p'r'xs) ©impf. ^p^ys-, prxs- 
0o)remain, (/o)be left 

BSTii 846.28, 872.7: C2 gloss.; MSP bl60 

6483 pVyc -B, C, S =* p>r>yc- 

6484 pVyq C, M =4 p J ryk 

6485 p'ryk M isA*<£> 
parlk (p>ryq) ©pi. -/ s ob. pi. -ty ^pVyk 1 

other 

GMS 995; BSTii 893.17, 883.8; Benv. JA 1955, 



p'ryyk 



260 



CpJ'JJ 



(Oy> _^e j->)UI t\yj iKS \j> 



0*^<S\j_ t ilp^p jA^" 



I t4&-y <,*-' — - ia\_jZj>-\ 



321; S W, C2 gloss. & p66 

6486 pVyyk M =» p , r > yk 2 

6487 pYyz- C 
parez ©impf. =>pryz- 
(to)flee 
C2, 1V5 

6488 pVzn B «» p>zn 

6489 p>rZY B, S 
par(u)ti =»p>rwty 

for, but 

6490 p'spy B =* pspy- 

6491 p*swc- M 
pasoc ©impf. =»pswc- 
(/<?)purify, Go)clean 
GMS 616 

6492 p>s' B, M, S 
pas ©<pa9ra- ©ob. -y =»p J scn, p ) s*k\ p>5r, 

p>r5 
honour, respect, care, attention 
GMS 440, 1020; SCE 491, 521, 73, BSTBL; Dhy. 

287, 305; TSP 2,1180, 5.60, 61, 73, 6, 71, 84, 

11.13, 12.55; Frag. Len. 49, 9 

6493 p>s' B, M (>^W) J-i 
pas ©<*apdcy; Av. apasi <apdxtara 

<*apank-tara- 
north 
BBB ; SCE 135; W-Lii ; BSTBL, Dhy. 117; Benv. 

Notesv 114f ; Szemerenyi. HMV 421 

6494 p>s J M,C ^jb.jjj«jjj 
pas ©ob. -y 

fast 

Sogdica. 26; BSTii 910.52: C2 gloss. 

6495 p J s- M o*>\y~j\f\id*\y>-(>j^J) 
pas 

Go)sing 

BBB dia, GMS 759; KG 538, 3pl. impf. p y Pnt 



jL-*L *(V"U- t<jL~S*Li tleshxA 



6496 pW B, M 
pase (p^y) ©<*pa0raka ©ace. -w y pi. -t 

^Pntp^k, p'sy 
protector, guardian 
SCE 362; TSP 7.35; -£w, BSTBL, Dhu. 10- Hen. 

Tales. 478.12; pi. p*?yt(t), TSP 8, 33, 38, 45, 

11.25; Sund. AoF 19, 1992, 353.7 

6497 p>sV S jbojjj 
pase 



fasting 
CII1990G14 

6498 p's'y -> p's'k 1 

6499 p^ykh S -> p>sy>k 

6500 p's'ync- S ^j^i 
pasenc ©impf. =#psync- 

(to)sprinkle 

Mack. AI 423, 29 

6501 p>s>y(y)- B, M, C ^ui 
pasay ©impf. =»ps*y- 

(ro)throw 

GMS 616; BSTii 846.24, 857.9: C2, 14V23, 22V 9, 
69R22, 83R12; Frag. Len. 29.15, 37.6 

6502 p>s pyrtk B <i y Jj> ^j& 
pas-Pirte 

respectful 

BSTBL, Vim. 196 

6503 p'scn M, C, S ^U, J,15 ifjz** 
pascan 

respectful 

GMS 1020; C2, 64V23; Frag. Len. 11 IV 2; S W, 
1980, MIFSS 7 

6504 p'scyk M •jjA<t±jt» 

pascik 

(related to)fasting 

GMS 1014; BBB; KG 590 

6505 p's kyr'n =» p*sy kyr>n 

6506 p's p'y- C j^-^jjj 

pas pay 
(fc?)fast 
BSTii 897.78, 80, 81: C2, 55R18, 20, 21 

6507 p'sp'y'k B : fj ^A 
paspaye ^p^p's 

respectful 

TSP 2.1180-1; S W, BSOAS 1981, 232 

6508 p'spr- M o>J'<^~*j><o>J'Jj** 
paspar ©impf. =»pspr- 

(rcOfix, (ro)level 
GMS 616 

6509 p*st M UiSjj^oUiai 
past ©pi. 

pieces, chips 

Sund. Man. Lett. 305.19, 313, 308 n 21 

6510 p'stny S *j& Jj^a /*-l^U» 
fastane ? ©p y st <fast <fdrast <*fra-rasta- f 

sfraz- 



261 



p'tcynyCy) 



straightend 

STSC 137 Psalter. 131.12 

6511 p'sty- C o>J>jZ"/ id^J^z-* 
pastay ©impf. -»psty- 

(ta)admonish, (/construct 
C2, 14V 23 

6512 p'styt ? B ? jhjjt ^y <? ^^ &** 

®pl. -/ ? 

wooden cup ?, sinall tablet ? 

Hen. TSP 3.182, 192; Texts. 728. fist ? 

6513 p'sws- C OJ^J^ 
pasus ©impf. =*psws- 

(to)dry up 

BSTii 857.14: C2, 22V 14 

6514 p'sy M, C uL^lOU$& 
pase (p } s»y) ©<*pa0raka ©pi. -f ^p^k 1 , 

p'syynd 
guardian 
Hen. BSOAS 12, 312.80; Tales. 476.8; STi 36.5; pi. 

p^yi, GMS 21; p>sy(y)t, GMS 1647; Hen. 

BSOAS, 11, 68, 11 

6515 p'sy'k M. sJcaToj^. 
paslk (p^ykh, p J syq, p>syk) ©pi. -/ ^frsyq 
hymn 

BBB 696 cl6, 25 d4, 13 ; GMS 44, 995; KG 494, 
558 

6516 p'syk => p'sy'k 

6517 p'syq =* p'sy^ 

6518 p'sy kyr>n B, M JLifJLi, 
pas(e)-kran (p*s kyi°n) 
North 
BSTBL, Dhy. 117; Vaj, 20; GMS 1681 

6519 p^yn- =$ p^yyn- 

6520 p'syyn- M 
pasen (p'syn-) ©<*san- ©impf. *=»psyn-, 

psn- 
(ro)trap 
GMS 616 n 1; C2 p51 n5 

6521 p'syynd M Lh\& 10^ 
pasen(d) ©pi. -d ^p^y 

watcher(s) 

GMS 1067; Hen. BSOAS 12.312.128 

6522 p't' B, M, C jt «ui> iC ^y 
pat ©<*pVr 

time 

GMS 1327; BBB p!02 f6, 7 ; Tales. 481; TSP 7.50, 



iS'S-'LTT* 



^-ljLiUb4j 



173 ; Frag. Len, 29.10; STii 6.37, 46 

6523 p>t 2 C 
pat =>p\ p'rty(y) 

for, then 

STi 43.15, 45.8, 47.14 etc.; STii; BSTii: C2 gloss. 
p65, 183-4; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 216 

6524 p't- B, M a^c^b** <ujlh>, 
pat ©pt. st. ^p'y- 

GeOprotect, (ro)watch 

GMS 565; TSP 5.60 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 132; Sogdica. 
60.20; AVS 91 

6525 p>8 C Jl^-osJ 
paB ©ob. -y =^55 

arrow 

BSTii 892, 18, 20: C2, 31R20, 21 

6526 p ) t , ys ) wn S ^liiL<^jC>- 
pataxsawan ^pHys'wnCy), p'txs'wn 

Hen. Tales. 480.17 

6527 p , t , ys ) wn ) y , kkh S c^^<^Uol 
pataxsawanyak 

rule, kingship 
GMS llllnl 

6528 p't'k B, S oU*& <JU± 
pate (p ) t , y, p'tk 1 ) ©*pataka ^p'ty 

watcher 

TSP 2.596, 1121, 1183, 5.38, 26, 30.34.22; SCE 
211; Frag. Len. 98a2 

6529 pVwyCw) B ^l*. <j|ju«jtfjlji«& 
patux(u) <£>< % pata-axu ? 

protector, watchful 

TSP 2.1082, 1077; Hen. Texts. 734 

6530 pVxs'w'n S =* p^txsVn 

6531 pVy =» p , t , k 

6532 p'tpr's B c^y^tJJhl 
patfras ^p'tf^s 

punishment 

TSP 3.117; Benv. Notesiv 499 

6533 p>8 brxsqy* C ^ j'-^L* 7 
pa9-P/fraxsakya 

archery 
C2, 31R18-9 

6534 p>tcyny(y) M, S jwl 

patcayne ©<*pati-cagnaka ^p'cyny, pcyny 
answer 

GMS 674; W-Li 40, 16; BBB; Hen. Tales. 473.23, 
37; MDii; KG 362, 370; Gersh. Amber. 182; 



p'tfr's 



262 



Bailey. AI 24, 1985, 14 

6535 p'tfr's M, C ^y* t**£i «>\J\& 
patfras ©ob. -y; pi. -t ^p*tpr's 
punishment 

GMS 674, STii 1.76; BSTi 198, A21; BSTii 846.3ft 
C2 gloss. 

6536 p^ys'wnh w8w S ^+a <0j <&& 
pataxsawan w(a)5u 

wife(>v/r/i full-right marriage) 
MDiip30, Nov. 3R11 

6537 p'tysNvnCy) S c^^^tiot 

pataxsawan -^p'tx^wn, p^ys'wn 
kingship, rule 

Frag. Len. 59.8 

6538 p'tyw'nk S j^^jj 
pat-xwane ©<*pati-xwahana-ka- 

^ptyw'yn'k 
executioner, hangman 
MDii A-5, 5pl83.5, 96 ; MDiii p96 

6539 p'tyw^ky' M ^jf^^J^ 
pat-yuwankya ? 

avoiding from smistriving to protect oneself 

from sin) 
Sogdica. 3 

6540 p'tk' B =* p>t»k ' 

6541 p J tk 3 B cArt\&*^i(tjl:J^S)& c>€\j T i r j y > 

* ?& 
pate 

pasture, herd 
Frag. 18.2 apud. S W, IIJ 1976, 63 

6542 p*tqwny C J^~j ^ 
patak-une, patakoni 
protection, vigilance 
C2, 31R6, 10, 57V4 p72-3 ; BSTii 892.6, 905.4 

6543 p'tp's B 
patpas ^p^p'y'k 
respected 

Frag. Len.; apud. S W, BSOAS 1981, 232 

6544 p'tsyNv B j_>*(o^>>) 
©<Chin. 

BananaGree) 

BSTBL, Dhy. 344; Benv. Notesii 236 

6545 p'txs'wn C ^lioUatiol 
pataxsawan (p^xs'w'n) ©pi. -/ ^p'tysNvnCy) 
ruler, ruling 

STi 47.7, 11, 49.11; Sund. AoFiii 1975, 71; BSTii 



f>=^ 



894.23, 905.31; C2, 7V 23, 24, 54R23, 57V31; 
KG 435 

6546 p*ty S, C ojii^jlj^ <oiil > . 
pate (p^y) ©pp. ^p't'k 

care, guarded, on guard 

Hen. Tales. 476, 15, 481.51; BSTii: C2, 94V8 

6547 pHyws B (^j^j^ 1^)^jl» jl *JUjij^ j>> iJ^JJ* 
patyus ©<*pati ausa- 

protecting from evil 
TSP 3.94, 8.170 npl94 

6548 p^zV'k B ytjx^iytpl 
patzare (pttz'r'k) 

antidote 

TSP 3.82; Hen. Texts. 735 

6549 p'xw'y- M 0-^^ 
paxway ©impf. =>pxw } y- 

(to)cut off 

GMS 616; MSP b!84; Frag. Len. 37, 9, 84a 4 

6550 p'y- (oj^ iS<^ js)o^\*d*J'<^y <o*J' { sJi& 
pay =>p>t-, pyt- 

(to)protect, (/<?)care 
GMS 565, 732: AVS 91 

6551 pyk B <i*> ****** <C 
paye, payik 

watcher, watchful 

TSP 2.1181; ~p y yqy\ C2 gloss. 

6552 pymnty C <^y ic*l& t^Jj^ toxA* 
payamande ©ace. -tw 

care, protection 

BSTii 908.19: C2, 49R 19 

6553 p'y't- B o^J'^sJx^ iqsJ'cA**- 
payat ©pt. St. 

(/o)protect i 
TSP 11.33 

6554 p'yqy* C =* pyk, swsnp'yqy* 

6555 p'yr B -» pyr 1 

6556 p'z C L?JJ i0 J>^ 
paz ©Khot. pdysa =*prp>z 

face 

prp'z "on face", STii 420 n p590, Bailey. 
Prolexis. 17 

6557 pVnGi) B jaj <>U- <J* <>S 
paz(a)n ©ob. -y l>) ^p*zn 

thought, mind 

TSP 2.745; BSTBL, Vim. 148 

6558 p^yyr- C ( t y^l J ^^Ji^)d^PkJ l o Js ^j= > - 



263___ 

pazyer (p'zyyr-) ©impf. =*pzyyr- 

(to)call for help 

BSTii 890.51, 891.63: C2, 60V19, 31; TSP I3ii 11 

6559 p'zyyr- B, S -► p>zyyr- 

6560 p'zn B, M, C ^tjxj* 
paz(a)n (p»znh) ©ace. -w; ob. -y(h) 

mind, heart, thought 

VJ 51 d ; SCE 65. 182, 292, 562; BSTBL; STii 7.32, 

8.11, 9.6-, Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.46; Gersh. Sogd. 

Cpds. 1945, 143a 1442; W-Lii; p } rzn, TSP 2.22 

npl68 ; p>zny, TSP 2.1074 

6561 p'zn'k B J* jl 
pazne, paznak ^p'zn 

from heart 
TSP 7.155 

6562 p'zncyk B ^i** <&*& *isJ* 
paz(a)ncik 

mental, spirtual 

TSP 20.3; BSTBL, Dhy. 322, 323; -w, Dhy. 162 

6563 p'znh B =* p } zn 

6564 p'znmync B ^S*^ 
paz(a)n- menc 

heartly, mental 
TSP 20.5, 10, 15 

6565 p'zny* C =» pt'wp'zny' 

6566 p'zrmy B e uf ^ 
pazarme ? 

innocent 
TSP 2.1152 

6567 p'zy(y) M ^<*jg-<c«-.i 
paze 

portion, bit 

BBB 674, 721; GMS 1303 

6568 pc- B, C jz* 
pac ©3sg. pres. psty-, impf. pc } ^'pc- 
GcOcook 

GMS 551; SCE 219; TSP 2.160, 419, 3, 283; BSTii 
835.8; C2, 105R8 

6569 pc^n B ^f 
paean ©ob. -v ^ptc'n 

treasure 

SCE 508 n p63 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 185, 186, 190 etc.; 
-?, Dhu. 184 

6570 pc'dtyt C => pc>dy 

6571 pc'dy C fljTo^b. 
paca5e =>pts>dy 



pcWkryCy) 

fitting, restful 

STi 5.2; Sund. AoFi 246 ; S W, C2 p54.22 

6572 pc'dystr C =$ pc>yystr 

6573 pc'ys- B j&jih 
pacaxs ©<*pati- caxsa ^pc'xs-, pcxs-, ptcys- 
(fo)accept, (to)receive 

TSP 11.24; GMS 164, 176, 520-, AVS 130 

6574 pc'yst'y B ^_Jo 
pacyaste ©pp. =^pcy>z-, pcyst'y 

accepted, perceived 
TSP 6.25; S W, C2 p54.29 

6575 pcVt 1 B &juAm 
pacart ©<*pat-cart% <*pati-kart- =»pcrtw 
because, for 

TSP 2.236, 345; GMS 247, 674 n 1 

6576 pc'rt 2 B ^^^ 
pacart 

benefit 

TSP 2215, 236, 345, 431, 763, 844 

6577 pc>t(y) M, B aI^J tfi <*2j ok> 
pacat(e) =^pc>t, 'pye't 

time, interval, instant 

GMS 179; TSP 14.32; KG; MSP bl55, 186 p49, 
8ln 129; C2 p54 

6578 pc>ty } C o^^l^ljT 
pacatya ©<*pati-sad; Shad ^pts'dty* 

rest 

STii 2.23; Benv. Notesiii 225; S W, C2 p54.22 

6579 pc'w- B j^J^j. Q^%-fc-* id*hd& 
pacaw 

(ro)agitate 

TSP 2.1045n pl82 

6580 pc'w'Gi) M, C d j^ i^jil <v 5Uil 
pacawa 

turmoil, quarrel 

BBB 544; GMS 973; Hen. Tales. 472.28; STii 6.32; 
Sund. Man. Lett. 310.15 

6581 pc'w'qryny C ^»>^ 

pacawa-karene ©pi. -r 
quarrelsome 

STii 6.23; GMS 1123; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 
138 

6582 pc'w'kryCy) M j^o^'J**!-* 
pacawa-kare 

quarrelsome 

BBB 544; GMS 1240 



pc'w'ywxty 



264 



6583 pc'w'ywxty M >-*>=- 
pacaway-uxte ? 

quarrelsome 
BBB 544 

6584 pc*wp- B CvJ'oJ'J'* ^Jj^y- 
pac(y)up ©<*pati- yaup- ©inf. ->y =*pcywp 
(to)change 

TSP 2.597; Hen. Texts. 720 ; AVS 74 

6585 pc'xs- M(S) ^l^^Jo^/ 
patcaxs (pcys-) =»pcyt-, pc^s-, pcxs-, ptcxs- 

Oo)receive, (to)hold 
Sund. MSP p48-9 b73, 178 

6586 pc'y- B, M 0-^f j^ O^v— ^ <o>y^j> 
p(a)cay ©*pati~ay =»pcy>y- 

OcObe right, (ro)fit, Qo)bc convenient 
GMS 199; VJ 816; TSP 2.104, 3.42, 9.95, 102; 

BSTBL, Dhu. 185 ; BBB bl2 ; Tales. 481.53; 

Frag. Len. 852 

6587 pc>y C, S Uj¥ t ^ 
p(a)cay ^'pcy^, pcy 

profit 

CI1 1990 B3-, C2, 55V28 

6588 pc'ycyq M jljo^ i<=^> u^L* 
pacay-cik, paceclk ^pcy'ycyq, pcycyq 
fitting, suitable 

GMS 199 

6589 pc'yy'yz B =* pcy'yz- 

6590 pc'ykwr B «» pc*ykwyr- 

6591 pc'ykwyr- B, M, S jj^j 
pacikwir (pcykwyr) ©impf. =»pckwyr- 
0<?)fear 

TSP 3.257, 895; GMS 623; VJ 65 e ; Frag. 2a.l6; 
MD 

6592 pc'yystr C 
pacay/5istar (p^dystr) 
more suitable 

STi 5.2; GMS 199, 1288, 1307 ; Sund. AoFi 246; 
AoFviii 1981, 216; S W, C2 p54 

6593 pcp'nt B, S o-^^L 
pacPand ©<*pati-banda- =»pcbnt 

reply, rejoinder 

GMS 674; VJ ; BSTBL; STii 7.31, 36; Frag. 2a.6; 
Frag. Len. 92, 12, 93.36; O 1 12, O 2 36 

6594 pcp'nt pr- B, S 
pacpand Par- 
(to)answer 



-^r'j' < - /t T *-^L* 



fJ^TC^ij 



VJ 5 ( , 550, 564 etc. 

6595 pcp*nty B, S {Jjj >> <c-y * ^ ju 
pacPande (pcPnty) ^pt^ynt'y 

in succession, in turn 

BSTBL, Dhy. ; TSP 6.170, 10.26, 15.4 ; STii 10.6; 
KG 467 

6596 pcpndyy M M^J^j- 
pacPande 

connection 

Hen. AM 1952,203.11 

6597 pcbnt C ' £rk 
pacPand (pcPnt) ^pcP*nt 

reply, answer 

STii 1.28, 42, 61, 3.2, 4 ; BSTi 163; Anc. Lett. 2.33, 
34 

6598 pcpnt S =» pcbnt 

6599 pcpnty ^ pcP'nty 

6600 pcbws- C =$ pcpws- 

6601 pcpws- M o^y.itjL^j* 
pacpos (pcbws-) =^ptzPws- 

(to)smell 

BBB 659; GMS 72 ; Sogdica. p47 ; BSTii 884.19: 
C2, 48V 22 pres. inf. 

6602 pcbws'ny C jb^^-u^ 
pacPosane ©pres. part. 

smelling 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 26V 4 pl93, 195 n 270 

6603 pcpwsyy M jb^. <«jlo^ 
pacPose 

smelling 
GMS 920 

6604 pcpynd- M =* pcPynt- 

6605 pcpynt- B % a>^J**j <j^_*$ 
pacPind (pcPynd-) ©<*pati-banda(ya-) 

©impf, pcypynd =»pcP>nt, pcyPynd-, 
ptp>ynt- 

OcOjoin, (/<?)connect 

BSTBL, Dhy. 104; GMS 623; AVS 112 

6606 pcy"z- B =* pcy'z- 

6607 pcy'yz- B j-U-*^ <o>jjh' j 
pac-xez ©impf. p&yY*yz =»pcxyz- 

(fo)bow, (r<?)kneel 

GMS 623; BBB pl05 ; VJ 97, 375, 1157, 1395; TSP 
6.83, 7.21; Frag. Len. 79.4; AVS 136 

6608 pcY*z- ( J>> y-**j j->)u*boJ*j '^jM 
pacyaz (pcy'z-) ©<*pati-gaz- ©impf. pcyY y z 



265 



pcyw»k 



^pcyst- 

0<?)accept, (ro)receive 

GMS 738, 748; Bailey. Prolexis. 151; VJ 851, 958; 

BSTBL, Vim. 202; TSP; STii; MDii; C2 gloss., 

p5429 ; AVS 134 

6609 pcy*z B, M, C <>jlpj tj,^* *&}jAi 
pacyaz 

reception, promise 

GMS 957; BBB p94 b48 ; BSTBL, Vim. 201, Dhy. 
138; STSC 145.5; BSTi 292, 294 

6610 pcyVk B, S •juaa.jlaj 
pacyaze 

^TOmiSGripromise maker) 
STii 10.42 

6611 pcyVmnty C ji^Ju^c-il^ 
pacyazamande 

acceptance, perception 
BSTii 897.79; Benv. JA 1959, 132; C2, 55R19, 
b?xwty> pcVtmnty "Passion" 57V7 

6612 pcyd'r- C j^jT o-j-i ^>> T <j*_£ 
pacaySar (pcxt'r-) ©perf. st. =»pcxs-, pcyt-, 

pcyt'r- 

OcOreceive, (retake 

BSTii: C2, 68R5; pcYt&r-, BBB b41 

6613 pcyny C «^L 
pacayne ^p'tcynyCy) 

reply 
STi 59.15 

6614 pcyr'y B ?l i ^ JJ «iU 
pac- xare ©<*patis-har 

sole, instep 

Dhy. 35, Benv. Notesii 217, Mack. BSTBL pi 18 

6615 pcyrp- B, S tf*j>M*o*J*fj> 
pacyarb ©<*pati-garb- ©impf. pcyYrfi 

=»ptyrP- 
0<?)accept, (/o)receive 
GMS 673; BSTBL, Vim. 147, Dhy. 240, TSP ; 

MDii, Nov. 2V4 ; Frag. Len. 78.6; AVS 108 



6616 pcyrp't- B 

pacyarpat ©pt. st. =*pcyrpt- 

(fo)receive 

TSP 15.20; SCE 369 

6617 pcyrpt- B 

pacyarPd ©pt. st. ^pcyrP't- 

(ro)receive 

TSP 5.65, 664, -w 



a=V- J 



U=»>>, 



6618 pcyry- C cpJ'S**' 

pacyray ? ©<*pac-Yray- 
(/cObear, (rcOcarry 

BSTii 867.33; S W, C2, 27V 4 p63 

6619 pcys- S =* pcxs-, pc»xs- 

6620 pcysd'r- C =* pcyst-, pcystwS'r- 

6621 pcyst- B, M, C u*fcJj3 < ja^l 
pacyast ©pt. st. =#pcy>z- 

(ro)accept, (/cOreceive 

TSP; Sund. KG 573; BSTii-, perf. pcYM'r, C2 

gloss.; Sund. AoFviii 1981 p216 ; S W, C2 

p54.29 ; AVS 136 

6622 pcyst'ny B utij>l j <0->j >f j JU- >> 
pacyostane ^pcxyz'mnty 

kneeling 

TSP 2.1031; BSTBL, Dhy. 81; Benv. Notesii 229; 

Notesiii 207; GMS 1036; BBB 105; Gersh. Ph.I 

pl21 

6623 pcyst'y S «L*H 
pacyaste (pcysty) ^pcy J z-, pcyst-, pc^ys^y 

accepted 

TSP 10.10; STSC 133.28, Psalter. 133.28 pl41 

6624 pcystwSY- C, B ^JL 
pacyas(tw) 5ar- (pcysd'r-, pcywst8 > r-) ©trans. 

pret. st. ^pcyst- 
(ro)accept, (ro)receive 
TSP 17.34, 10.13; C2, 7V29.39R6, 57R 8, 15 p50 

n4 

6625 pcysty *=> pcyst'y 

6626 pcyt- M cf*^ 
pacayd (ptcxt-) ©pt. st. =»pcxs-, pcyst-, 

pcyd'r-, ptcyt-, pcxt- 
(r<?)receive, 0<?)accept 
GMS 56, 509; BBB ; C2 p54.29 ; AVS 130 

6627 pcyt'r- C J*sA 
pacayt(u) 8ar (pcytv^r-) ©trans, pret. st. 

^pcyd'r- 
(to)receive 
GMS 167; STii 3.37 

6628 pcytwS'r =» pcyt>r- 

6629 pcytw8*r- =^ pcyt'r- 

6630 pcyw'k B c^U* ^^/^ * *jU 
pacxwak (pcxw'q) =^pw pcyw'k, pcwyv/k, 

pcxw'k 
hinderance, obstacle 

TSP 9.4.5, 139, 14, 34, 16.28; SCE 76; BSTBL, 



pcyw'y- 



266 



'jzj'jj^ 



cP 



oljZ** 



cifcf 



dux 



Padm. 37 ; Vim. 178; Frag. Len. 85.9, pcYw y k 
wn 

6631 pcyw'y- B, S J.U. ^ j^/^lw ^/j^/>r 
pacxway ©inf. ->y =»pcywst-, pcxw*y-, 

pcwx'y- 

(to)hinder, (ro)withstand 
TSP 2.600 etc.; BBB 505.2; GMS 673; BSTBL, 
Dhu. 118; MDii p206, AVS 95 

6632 pcywpt- M 
pacyu|3d ©pt. St. 

(fcOpraise 

GMS 672; BBB pi 30; AVS 109 

6633 pcywptyh M 
pacyupde ©pp. 
praised 
GMS 836 

6634 pcywS'kh B 
pac-yu8ak =»pcyw6h 
dirt 

TSP 2.884 

6635 pcywgywn'k B 

pacxo5-yone (pcxwd) =»pcxw5 ywny 
ugly, evil 

TSP 2.352 n pl73 

6636 pcyw8h B 

pacyuO, pacyu5 ^prywS* 

dirt 

TSP 2.636 

6637 pcywkh S 
pacxuk ? ©fhav- =^pcywt- 
conflict 

MDii p47.19 p53 ; Gersh. Melanges Benv. 207 

6638 pcywn B ^Ss^^t^tjjj^ 
pacxon ©ob. -y =»pcxwn 

abuse, scorn 

SCE 345; TSP; Hen. Texts. 721, pcYwyd 

6639 pcywny- S ? &/ jj^~ A b^Jj^ j^ 
pacxon, pacxwan 

(to)abuse ?, Go)insuit ? 

MDii; Gersh. Advice. 92; Melanges Benv. 207-8 

6640 pcywst- B {pj**^ 
pacxwast, pacxust (pcxwst-) ©pt. st^ perf. st. 

pcYwstwS y r- =»pcxw } y-, pcwxst- 
(fo)hinder 
TSP 2.862 



cil^ 



jljl i l ££^lS' 



isf-fe- 



ir*-*H 



6641 pcywstk B ^>^«u^cu 
pacxuste (pcywsty) =*pcxwsty 

forbidden 

TSP 2.245, 868; MDii 144.7 n pl46 

6642 pcywsty S -» pcywstk 

6643 pcywste'r- =* pcystwS'r- 

6644 pcywt- S O^cJil 
pacxut =^pcywkh 

(ro)harrass 

MDii; Gersh. Melanges Benv. p207, inf. -y 

6645 pcyyr- C o*jJ=r idJ*.zf&J 
pazyer Opxyyr-, pxyyr-) 

0o)shout 

BSTi 215, 248, 283; perf. pcYyrd'r-, Benv. J A 
1943-5, 104 

6646 pcyyry C 
pazyere ©<*pac-zYeraka 
herald 
BSTi 209; Gersh. JRAS 1946, 182 

6647 pcyznyq C 
pacyaznik ^pcy'z-, pcyst- 
acceptable 
BSTii 911.56: C2 pl33, 61 V 26 

6648 pcq'f- C «* ptsk'p-, ptysq'f- 

6649 pcq'm C 
packam 
pleasure 

Sund. AoFiii p78.20 

6650 pck'w M esi^'^^* 7 
packaw (pcq'w) ©<*pati-skaw- ? 
contempt 

MSP b20, 70, 73; STi. 20, 16, S W, C2 pi 79; 
+lcwn-, "to reject" Schwartz. STSC 13.17 

6651 pcq'w C =* pck*w 

6652 pckpty M .jl^^ 
packapde ©<*pati-kamb- ©pp. 

bent, crooked 

Sogdica 55.15, 57 

6653 pcks- M, S o*jiJ*--'-» t^bjkzl 
packas (pcqs-) =»pcyqs- 

0e>)expect, (fo)look out, (ro)wait, (ro)await 
GMS 175; Anc. Lett. 8 ; BSTii 880.15, 884-16; 

pcqstysq; C2, 48V 19, 77R15; pcqs'z, C2, 14R5, 

60R28 

6654 pcqs- C => pcks- 

6655 pcksyy M jULi>-<jlla3l 
packase 



f ^*oJJ 



267 



pcmrws- 



expectation, outlook 
GMS 956 

6656 pcqw'd'r- C j£ ^Jjej- 
packwaSar (pcwq'd'r-) ©perf. st. =>pcqw>y-, 

pcwqy- 
(to)address, OcOsay 
STi; STii 

6657 pcqw ) mntqy > S >j<>J* 
packawamantakya ^pck'w 

rejection 

S W, C2 pl79 ; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 21V20 pl81, 
183 n 146 

6658 pcqw'n =* pcwq'n 

6659 pcqw'y- C -if ' co^J'jes 
packway (pcqwy-) =^pcwqy-, ptskw J y-, 

pcqw>d>r- 
(ro)address, (to)say 
GMS 567: BSTii 867.58; STi 27.16; C2, 27V29; 

Sund. AoFviii 1981 p2l6 

6660 pckw'yr B, M, S ^j 
packwer, packwir (pcqwyr-) ©Yaghn. cukayr 

©ob. -y, - } =^pw pckwyr, pcwqyr, pckwyr- 
fear 

TSP; BSTBL, Vim. 109; SCE 150; W-Lii ; BBB 
# 555, 609; STii 3.67 ; Hen. BSOAS 12, 307.43; 

Tales. 476; GMS 164, 957, 132A ; Frag. Len. 

34.3, 37.5; KG 583, 632; -A, TSP 2.18 

6661 pcqwr- C =» pcwqyr, pckwyr- 

6662 pcqwy- =» pcqw'y- 

6663 pckwyr- B, M, S 
packwe/ir =>pcwqyr- 
(ro)fear, (/o)be afraid of 
GMS 176n 1, 412; VJ ; TSP ; Frag. Len. ; BBB; 

MDii; Sund. AoFiii 1975 p66.18, 69.5, viii, 
1981, 216, impf. pcykwyr 

6664 pcqwyr- M, C => pckw'yr 

6665 pckwyr'k S 
packwere ?, packwire ? 
fearful ? 

MDii p78.20 A-1420 

6666 pckwyrKkh) B, M ^j 
packwera(k), packwirak (pckwyrh) =#>pw 

pckwyr, psqwr(y) 
fear 
BSTBL; Hen. Tales. 476; TSP 2.410 

6667 pckwyr ywn'k B kS\^j 



o±~*J 



y*j> 



packwer- yone 

fearful 

TSP 2.410 

6668 pckwyrh B «=> pckwyr>(kh) 

6669 pckwyrn'y B ^j 

packwerne (pcqwyrny) ©pi. -tt 

fearful 

BSTBL, Vim. 166; ob. pi. -fy, BSTii: C2 gloss. 

6670 pcqwyrny C =* pckwyrn'y 

6671 pcqwyryq C ^*j 

packwerik 

fearful 

Sund. AoFiii 66 

6672 pcm w k (,) B ^^tj\j,\ 
pacmak (pcm'k) ©Khot. pajsama =^pcmy 
noble 

SCE 11, 17, 71, 405; TSP 2.610, 6.122, 17.3; GMS 

976 n 1; Frag. Len. 51.6; MSP b65, -w> 

6673 pcm'k B, M, S ^ pcm»k (>) 

6674 pcm'kzt'k B c£l>l <^ljv** 
pacmak-zate ©voc. -zt } 

noble, nobility 

TSP 6.175; Frag. Len. 82 cl5, 51.6; S W, BSOAS 
1981, 232 

6675 pcmV C, B jUi <^L^ 
pacmar ©<*pati-smdra ©ob. -y ^ptsnVr 
counting, number 

STi 47.4, 13; BSTii: C2, 64V27 n p65 ; Frag. Len. 

74V6 

6676 pcmV C ujj-^'j 
pacmar 

unit of weightCpound) 
GMS 1662 

6677 pctnr- C d>^j& io*^ **&-*- 
pacmar (ptsmr-) 

(rc)think, (ro)count, (rcOconsider 

GMS 540, 592, 164; STii 6.46, C2, 91V11 

6678 pcmrty C ojl^U- 
pacmarte ©pp.; pi. -/ =»pcmr- 

counted 

STi 10.10 apud. Sund. AoFi 254.10 

6679 pcmrws- M, C (Ju^U^)jjjc^<a^T cr -J 
pacmrus ©<*pat(s)-mrws; Jmrs\ Skt. mfsa 

©inf. -yy 
Go)touch 



pcmy 



268 



oljjj i^&sy i9 _^jJ'vo* 



:^UI 



BBB 664; GMS 153b, 920 ; BSTii: C2, 51V25 

6680 pcmy B 
pacmak, pacme =»pcm , k c>) 
noble 

TSP 8.169; Hen. Texts. 736 

6681 pcng C ouiCi-cJTiu^Ls 
pacang ©<*pati-san =»ptcng, ptsng, pts'nkh 
cross, torture instrument 

STi 13.10, 50.3; GMS 164 

6682 pcp'ncyq C 
pacpancik ©adj.; pi. -t 
imminent 
C2 52V12; BSTii 917.12 

6683 pcp>n(h) 
pacpan -^ptcsp'n, pcp>y- 
exposed, established, ready 

TSP 7.66n p212 ; Hen. Tales. 475.23n4 ; Sund. 
AoFiii 1975, 18R17; f. pcp'nK KG 327, 570; 
STi 50.5, 87.20; BSTi apud. ; Benv. JA 1943-5, 
113; BSTii: C2 gloss, "imminent", used as adv. 

6684 pcp*t(yy) M, C fc.^ , ji^f u <c~Jjw5C 
pacp'atCe) (ptsp>ty) ^psp^y 

straight away, at once 

Hen. Tales. 472.39, 473.25; S W, BSOAS 1983, 43; 
MSP bl43; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 199.8 

6685 pcp'y- S a>^uT ij&\>j&te\ 
pacpay ©*pati-pdya ^pcp'ndi) 
0<?)expect, 0o)be ready for 

Anc. Lett. 2.56; GMS 721; Hen. Tales. 475 n4 ; 
AVS91 

6686 pcp'ycyk ? S ? ^uT <? juu 
pacpaycik 

useful 

MSP bl52 p49 

6687 pcpr- B, M, C J^^fjj <d>\4> idij'c^j* 
pacpar =^ptspr- 

(to)arrange, (to)fix, (to)rest 
GMS 164; Frag. Len. 372; STi 61.13; BSTi; C2, 
61R21, 22 

6688 pcrtw B ^U<, 
pacart(u) =^pcrw, pc'rt 1 

instead of 

TSP 5.114 n p201 

6689 pcrw C * j^j* ^ «^U-o 
pacaru ©<*patcaru <*pati-karam ©postp. 
instead of 

GMS 247; STii 6.2a, STi 5.4, 80.5; BSTii; C2, 



*JL< 



J\ iijjp^ji <olib^ 



j\ tOU^U t*jy>~j> 



24R21 

6690 pes- M, C jjUiT,: 
pa/ocas ©*pati-cas ^ptfs-, ptcs- 
(toMrink, (to Haste 

GMS 725 ; Sogdica. 36.34; STi 15.1; Sund. AoFiii 
77, AoFviii 1981, 29V 7 p204 p206 n393 ; 
BSTii; C2, 294V18 

6691 pcw>Ytk B 
pacwayde ©<*pati-wac 
envoy ? 
TSP 8.109n p2l6 

6692 pcw>z B • 
pacwaz ^pewz- 1 
meeting, impact, encounter 

SCE445 

6693 pcwVk/y B 
pacwaze (pcw*z } y) 
meeting, impact 

TSP 19.9n p232, 3.38; Hen. Texts. 713 

6694 pcwVy -» pcw'z'k/y 

6695 pcwyw'k B ^^f^i*^* 
pacuxwak (pcxw'q) =»pcYw J k, pcxw'k 
hinderance 

TSP 9.138 

6696 pewj- M 
pacuz ? ©<*pati-uz-ya 
(to)bc driven (chariot) 
GMS 541, 1648 

6697 pcwq'd'r- C =* pcqwWr- 

6698 pcwq>n C 
pacukan (pcqw*n) ©ob. -y 
prayer, entreaty 

BSTii 905.1.12, 915.9: C2 gloss. p55 

6699 pewqy- C Cr^'O^J'jes 
pacukay ©impf. ptysqwy -^pcqw'y-, 

pcqw'd'r-, ptskw'y- 

OcOaddress, GcOsay 
BSTii 849.19: C2, 12R14 

6700 pcwqyr C ^j 
pacuker (pcqwyr-) ©ob. -y ^psqwr(y), 

pckw ? yr 
fear 

BSTii: C2 gloss. 

6701 pcwqyr- C o*~*J 
pacuker (pcqwyr-) ©Yaghn. cuJclr- 
(ftf)fear 



o^y.Jj^ <a^L> 



c~J 



j^juJ-Aiy- 



I J>~ tit* 



1 



*s> 



0>jf~j> <0>J> >jj^^> 



* (5J^ * ^~* 



26? 

GMS 412; BSTii 893.10, 849.13; C2, 31V10, 
12R13, 104V16 

6702 pcwqyrny C y*j 

pacukerne ©ob. pi. -ty ^pckwym'y 

fearful 

BSTii: C2, 12V15 

6703 pcwst- B 
pacwast ©pt. st. =»pcwz- 
(fo)meet 
Frag. 2a.25 

6704 pcwstk B 
pacwaste ©pp. 
caught by illness ? 
TSP105.110 

6705 pcwstw B u^Iw^La <,yU7l 
pacwastu/o ©adv. -^pcwstw, pcwz- 2 
suddenly, at once, directly 

Frag. 2a.l5, 22; BSTBL, Dhy. 264 

6706 pcwx'y- C o^^^J'^^/jk- 
pacuxay (pcwxy-) *»pcxw*y-, pcyw>y- 
OcOhinder, OcOforbid 

BSTii: C2 glossy Benv. JA 1959, 199 

6707 pcwxst- C o>J'is^£>rio>J'j-& 
pacuxast ©pt. st. ; trans, pret pcwxsd y r- 

=>pcywst- 
OcOforbid 

BSTii 876.3: C2, 65R25 

6708 pcwxy- =* pcwx*y- 

6709 pcwz-' M, B, S (jy y--^ j->)o>jj^j <O^TolS:** 
pacwaz ©impf. pcywz-, pt. st. pcwst ^pcw'z, 

pcwst- 
(ro)meet 
SCE 283, 284, 402; TSP ; BSTBL, Dhu. 32, Dhy. 

164, 237, 239, 187; Frag. Len. 57.12; MDii; 

GMS 727; VJ, pc'ywz; AVS 132; Sund. 1994, 

45,46 

6710 pcwz- 2 C u^'jU^ 
pacwaz ©impf. pcywz =*pcwstw 
(/tf)happen 

C2, 102R26, 68R14 

6711 pcxs- M, C j*^ t j^^oiU>> ij&jjb 
pacaxs (pcys-) ©impf. ptycxs -^ptcxs-, 

pc J ys-, pc'xs- 
(ro)accept, (fo)receive, (/o)hold 
GMS 164, 176, 529; BBB 751, 764; STii 2.22; 

BSTii: C2, 39V11; KG 2329, 520, 335; pc'xl 



pcxyz- 

MSP; inf. pcxsyy, GMS 910 

6712 pcxt- C j&J \tf*j>$* t 
pacayd (ptcxt-) ©pt. st. =#pcxs-, pcyd'r-, 

pcyt>r-, ptcyt-, pcyt- 
(to)receive, 0<?)take 
GMS 56, 509, 551 

6713 pcxtY- =* pcyd'r- 

6714 pcxw'k M ^U 
pacxwak ^pcwyw'k, pcyw*k 

obstacle 

BBB 505.2, 726; GMS 98a, pcxw'kK KG 496 

6715 pcxw'q =* pcxw'k 

6716 pcxw'kCk) =* pcxw'k 

6717 pcxw'y- M, C CfAkJk'&J'iSjfj'r 
pacxway (pcxwy-) =^pcxwsty, pcyw*y-, 

pcwx*y- 

(/o)hinder, (ro)forbid, (to)prevent 
GMS 673; BBB 5052; AVS 95 

6718 pcxwS M o>; <fLio «ja*y 
pacxoS ©Parth. prxwdn 

abuse, insult, scorn 
GMS 1114A 

6719 pcxwd =* pcyw5ywn>k 

6720 pcxwS ywny C y^&*y tjyc^tcJ^j 
pacxo6-yone ^pcywSywn'k 

ugly, abominable 

STi 45.17 apud. BBB 608; GMS 1114 

6721 pcxwSywnystr M Jjy^ 
pacxo5-yonestar 

more revolting 
GMS 1306 

6722 pcxwn M J*ij~ 
pacxon ©ob. -vv; pi. -yh =»prywn\ pcywn 
reproach 

BBB p76, 608; GMS 1026, 1156; C2 pl07, 6 

6723 pcxwst- M =*> pcywst-, pcwxst- 

6724 pcxwsty M cjJ^^i^ y~j> 

pacxwaste (pcywsty) ©pp. ^pcwx^-, 

pcxw'y-, pcywstk 
forbidden 
BBB f49 

6725 pcxwy- => pcxw'y- 

6726 pcxyz- M, C <1pj>L> 
pacxez ©impf. pcyxyz ^pcy'yz- 

(/o)kneel 



pcxyz^nty 



270 



GMS 623; Gersh. BSOAS 14.490 

6727 pcxyz'mnty C 0^ j>f j <0-> j >' j J*- j* 
pacxezamande ^pcy'yz-, pcyst-, pcyst'ny 
kneeling 

C2, 56V26 

6728 pcy C *^ 
pacay ? ^pcy'y-, pc>y 

profit 

C2, 27R8, pc>y, 55V28 

6729 pcy^y B, S ^SiS a^ ^^Ay 
pacyay ? ^pcy'y 

success, profit, help 

BSTBL, Vim. 125; Dhy. 230; TSP 3, 103 ; KG 546, 
568 

6730 pcy*y- B, M 0\#w^» <u->_*c~* >> 
pacyay (pcyy'y-) ©<*pati-ay ^pc'y-, pcy 
0o)be right, (rc)fit 

BSTBL, Intox. 18; Dhy. 368; GMS 170, 199, 649 

6731 pcy'ycyq S ^^U 
pacyaycik *=»pcycyq 

fitting 
MSP 

6732 pcyPynd- M 0^-^=4 
pacipind ©impf. =»pcPynt- 

0o)join 
GMS 623 

6733 pcycyq C juo^^U*. 
paceclk, pacaycik ©pi. -ty ^pc'ycyq 
fitting, profitable 

Benv. Et. 1, 301; BSTii 854.4: C2, 7V 27 p54 

6734 pcyy'z- S, C j»>>, 
paciyaz ©impf. ^pcy'z-, pcyst- 
Go)receive 

MDii; Frag. Len,, KG 450, 453; C2, 54 V20, 57V 
17, 86V 4 

6735 pcyyrb- B ^iijj/J'jj 
paciyarP ©impf. =»pcyrP- 

(to)accept, OcOperceive 
TSP 5.71, 87 

6736 pcyyyz- B u^jylj 
pacixez ©impf. =^pcyxyz-, pcy*yz- 
OcOkneel 

VJ 97 etc.; TSP 6.83, 7.21; GMS 623; Frag. Len. 

6737 pcyqs- C * ^bjlioxjl 
pacikas ©impf. =#pcks- 

(/<?)expect 

STi 39.3; Sund. AoFiii 78 



6738 pcykwyr =» pc'ykwyr- 

6739 pcynyq C ^j^ 
pacaynik, pacenik 

suitable 

BSTii 892.20; Benv. JA 1955, 301; C2, 31R20 

6740 pcyp'qc C jte*\<J>fj~ 
pacyapakc ? ©*pati+ydfi- 

confusion 

STii 3.53; GMS 1002, y>fr Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 
1945, 141 

6741 pcysty C *^T 

paciste ©<pati-cista 

learned 

STii 1.2 

6742 pcywfs- S o^o££*io>J'j~z 
pacyufs ©intrans. v. =#pcywfs- 

(reOchange 
MSP bl7, 61 

6743 pcywfs- C b^o^ f^^J ^^ 
pacyufs ©pass. st. =*pcywp, pcywPs- 

(fo)be transformed, (ro)be changed 
GMS 175, 508; C2, 31V8, 15; impf. GMS 630; C2, 
69R26; STi 16, 7, paciyufs; AVS 74 

6744 pcywp C ^££><*x?z 
pacyup ^pc'wp-, pcywfs- 

change 

BSTii 892.3; pw pcywp "unchanging", C2, 31R2- 
3p72 

6745 pcywz- o>j>-^ 
paciwaz ©impf. =»pcwz- 1 

(fo)meet 

VJ 59 e ; Frag. 2a22; GMS 623; BSTii 842.14: C2, 
68R14 i 

6746 pcyxyz- M *"w;»;U 
pacixez ©impf. =^pcxyz-, pcyyyz- 

OcOkneel 

GMS 623 

6747 pcyy'y- M =$ pcy'y- 

6748 p5- S •jjoly* 
pa5 (p8\ -p5w, -p5y) ©nom. gen. -y ; ace. -w 

=*-p5>k 
family, race, kin 
MSP p49 bll2 ; Sund. IMTT 1992, 79. 12n 54, 

STSC 49; MDii p41.5 ; Frag. Len. 81.5, 77R6 

6749 pS- 1 M,S (^dk-f^'k 
pa8 (p85) ©ace. -w ; ob. -y =*p5-y, p>8 



uPJ^Ij 



>\Je- 



271 



pd>ty 



foot, step 

BBB 489; paddw, Hen. BSOAS 11, 68.22; GMS 
506 

6750 p8»k B ?u^<?:* 
pa8ak ?, pa5ak? =>p5kw(w) 

large, wide 

TSP 8.107; "banner", Hen. Cosm. p3l6, pala = 
pr>k 

6751 p5> -♦ pS- 1 

6752 pS'yt- M d-^ 
paOayd ©<*pati-&axta ©pt. sL; pres. pdync- 

->p58*Yty 
(fo)pull 
GMS 600, 8J0 

6753 p6'k B ^j^<^ 
paSe ^pS'y 

on foot, foot soldier 

TSP 13.19, I3ii, 5 ; Frag. Len. 20R3 

6754 -p5 l k B a^-^lyU- 
pa5e ©in compd. "-^'st'wrpS'k, pS- 1 

family 

MSP p49 ; SCE; VJ-, TSP; Gersh. Advice. 86n 

6755 p6 > mn M <^><J_^L*i 
paSaman ©ob. -yh 

outfkirt 

Hen. BSOAS 11, 68.21; Tales. 473.40; CII 1990 
B15, 16 

6756 pS'nk B, M ksJj** ^ 
paOang ©<*pati-0ang ? ©ob. -y ^ } p5*nk (,) 
misfortune, difficulty 

TSP 6.86 n p2l6.65 ; BSTBL, Dhy. 123 ; Hen. 
Tales. 481.53; ace. p&nkw, SCE 402; Mack 
n p40 

6757 pS'nkw =» pS'nk 

6758 p6>p8h S jiii 
pa5pa5 ©<palpal, pelpel 

pepper 
Anc. Lett. 5.9 

6759 pd'r- C o*^tjJ<*& <j->'->'-^ 
pa8ar (p55 , r-) ©<*pati-daraya- ^pd*rty, 

pd'rny, pSS'rny 
(ro)nourish, (ro)sustain 
C2 gloss. 

6760 p5 } rp- B j^h oju < jjLif J> 
pa5arp ? 

Uo)l2LSt ? 



Benv. TSP 2.1163, 3sg. pres. pd } rfit 

6761 pd'rnqy' C (*jjJj^ <&[*-) ^Sclu 
^pyS'rnqy* 

providence 

STii 3.20; S W, C2 p86.21; Sund. AoFiii 1975, 
18V3 

6762 pdVny C juu-l taxjj^ ^l^- 
pa8arne ©pi. -t ^pSS'rny 

keeper, sustaining, bishop 
Benv. JA 1955, 331.26; C2 14R21, 55V18, 48R21, 
54R24 p86.21 

6763 pd'rty C lay** <*xi. ^ jU$& 
paSarte ©pp. 

sustained 

BSTii 903.13: C2, 57R13 p86.21 

6764 pd'rty* C «3ji7<^i* 
pa8artya 

nourishing, provisions 

STi 40.3; Sund. AoFiii 79; S W, C2 p8621 

6765 p6 } st- B oj±jt\l* iqj±j£S\ 
pa5ast ©<*upa-dista ? ©pt. st. ^pS^s- 1 
(ro)appear 

GMS 1060 

6766 pS'stkyn B Uy* l£s.T 
pa8ast-ken =>p5 } yskyn 

appearing 

SCE 502; GMS 1060 

6767 pd'tqry C o^L <^Jjli 
paSatkare (pd>tkry) ©voc. ->; pi. -/ 

iniquitious, unjust, doer of iniquity 
Frag. Len. 83a 5; STi 43.14, 44.13; STii 6.9; BSTii: 
C2, 104R18 

6768 pd»tkry S =* pd'tqry 

6769 p6 , tky > C (Jt^X 

paSatakya 

iniquity 
STSC 132.19 



Iju 



6770 p5 } ty B, M 



8'tpS't, >p6>ty 



paSate (pd'ty) ©adv.; a 

unlawful, illicit, uniquity 

SCE 102, 431; STi 43.18, 44.3; Frag. Len. 52.4; 
Hen. BSOAS 11, 485 "unlawfully"; BSTii 
831.26, 906.6, 907.17: C2, 40V6, 52R17, 102V 
26; STSC 132.14; Shwartz. HMV 392 

6771 pd'ty C =» p8>ty 



pS'wps- 



272 



6772 pSVps- B, M tjjuUjj 0-^>>)u-^L-~>- 'Q*~-*? 

( J-u;Lj j 'J-^-> 
pa5ufs ©Yaghn. budufs- ^pS'wpt-, pSwfs-, 
pSSvm- 

(fo)stick, (to )be attached 

GMS 827; "to adhere" BSTBL, Dhy. 373; AVS 74 

6773 p8>wpt- B OJUr-r 
paSupd ©pt. st. ^pS'wPs- pSVm-, pw5>wptk 

(rc)stick 
TSP 9.112 

6774 pS'wm- B 0^J^jO^(~>- 
pa8um ©<*upa-dumb ^pS'wPs-, p5>wPt- 
(to)stlck(together) 

GMS 453; TSP 7.82n p212 ; AVS 74, 107 

6775 p8>y B, M ju 
pa5e (p65y, p5yy, p55 l y) ©=MP pfdg ^pS'k 
on foot 

VJ 317; Sogdica.25.24 n p26; BBB 489, pdfh 

6776 pS'ypVcy* M ^j&<y*-~- 
pa6eParcya (pSyP'rcy*, pS'yP'rcyh) =4ptbd- 
search 

Hen. Texts. 732; BBB 613; TSP 6.98n p204 

6777 pS'yp'rcyh B -» p5»yp , rcy > 

6778 p8>ync~ B 0*^03^ «JJLif 
pa9enc/j ©<*pati-&anjaya\ Knot, paiham'y, 

Parth. pdhynj- 
GoOpuII out 
GMS 292, 600 ; TSP 8.65 ; SCE 263; AVS 123 

6779 pS'ys B, S ^li^Jjiji.^*^ 
faScs -^'pS'ys, P5>ys, f5>ys 

appearance, apparition, vision, scope 
BSTBL, Dhy. 377; Benv. Notesii 231 

6780 pS'ys- B CpW^ 
fa/sSes ©<*fra-daisa- ^'PS'ys 

(to)show 

TSP 15.30; Frag. Len. 51.4; GMS 315A 

6781 pS'yskn B jM*iJ&\ 
fa5es-ken ^pS'yskyn 

apparent 

BSTBL, Dhy. 215; GMS 1060 

6782 pS^s- 1 B {&.J&.1 
paSis, pades ®<upa-disya— 9 Parth. y bdys- 

©intrans. v. ^pS'st- 
GcOappear 
GMS 549; BSTBL, Vim. 1, 3, 5, 6 ; AVS 82 

6783 pS'ys- 2 M, S O^oUj 



paSes ©<*upa-daisya- ©trans, v. 

OcOshow 

GMS 549; 3sg. opt. pg>y?y, KG 526 

6784 pS'yskyn B Jb^jlSiT 
pa8es-ken =^p5 J stkyn, pS'yskn 

appearing, spontaneously 
SCE 500; GMS 1060 

6785 pSp'nz B *;£"*, mJ>*jJ> 
pa5panz (p5p>zn, p5Pnz) ©<*apa-dbanz-\ 

Av.-bqz 
drug, medicine 
TSP 19.19n p232 ; Benv. Et. Oss. 21 

6786 pSpY M ^Ui 
paOP/far ©<*upa/pati ; Owara- ^pGfr 

haste 

GMS 293; KG 596 

6787 pSpV- B jjJ^<j^VUi 
paGP/far ©impf. p y 6fl } r 

(rc)haste, (to)bc in hurry 

TSP 13 i 28; Hen. BBB p59.506; AVS 79 

6788 pSp'yr- M, S jjuiUi 
paGPer (p5Pyr-) ©<*upaipati-Owaraya 

©trans, v. ^pdPyr- 
(fo)hasten 
Hen. BBB 506; KG 633; GMS 293 

6789 p8p>zn =» p5p>nz 

6790 p8ph B ?^ J i«?.l - ^A4?<JLjA*jL-l3 
attachment ? 

Benv. TSP 2, 683, 714 n pl78 ; Hen. pSkh, Texts. 

722, "category"; Bailey. Proiexis. 192, "food" 

<pitu 

6791 p8pnz =* p5p»nz 

6792 p8pr-Ck) B, M, S U^U^v'j 
pa5Par-(e) ©ob. -y ()> ; nom. (pred. inst.) -\ 

ace. -h> 
rank, degree 
BSTBL, Vim. 22, 27, 32, Dhu. 41; pSfirw, TSP 

6.66n p204; Sund. KG 427 pi 86-, pdftr'y, MDii 

B-lRlh pSfir\ SCE 17, 18 

6793 pdbry C <oL jL^. 
pa5-Pare 

foot soldier 

BSTii: C2 p57, 67, 13R27 

6794 pSpwr S(AL) =» p5pr-(>k) 

6795 pSpyr- =» p5p>yr- 



273 



p6w > xtq 



oj^ 



6797 p88>Yty M oxjlT, 
paGayde ©pp. ^pS'yt- 

pulled 
GMS 830 

6798 pSS'r- =# pd'r- 

6799 pSaVny M u^^^- 
paSarne ©pi. -t ^pd^ny, pd'r- 

protector 
GMS 892 

6800 paS^ M => p5>y 

6801 p68w» M ww^^, 
pa8wa ? 

nerve 

Hen. BSOAS 11, p63n 1; Mittelir. pll2 

6802 p88y =* p8>y 

6803 p88ync- M 0-uiT 

paGenc ©<*pati-0anjaya- ^pB^nc- 

Go)pull 
GMS 70, 600 

6804 p6f Vpyyy M ^u oi\j±- ji Ji f i <cr iL,i 
padfar-Pay(i) 

Atlas (name of a Manichean god) 
GMS 294; BBB p60; W-Lii 

6805 p5f >ry M *jjjf t y*~ <oju^ i*xjj^ 
paSfare ^pSPrpyyy 

bearer, porter 

W-Lii 510, 545, 9: Gropp. 41 

6806 pdfnq C (J^ai^-ux-u^ 
pa8fang ? ©<*pad-*0anga ? 

jointG?/ ankle or wrist) 
C2, 17R1 n p58 

6807 p5k } M tsjlza <cl* <djfc 
paSka ©f. n. =»pdq\ p5kh, p^k 2 

law, tradition, judgement 

BBB b3 d5 f59, 746-, GMS 1635; Hen. Tales. 
467.35; MSP e25 ; Bailey. Asica. 12, Oss. fadg 

6808 pdq> C ojUi^jjb 
paSka ©f. n^ ace. ->; gen. -y> =»p5k } 
judgement 

STi 5.8, 50.3, 63.13.16; BSTi 275; BSTii 909.17; 
C2, 61R17, 56R3, 61V9 

6809 pSkcyq M 
pa8k-clk =4n } p8kcyq 
lawful, legal 
GMS 1014, 1156 



L^ U 



6810 p8kh B, S, M ^y^'O^ 
paSka ©ob. -y(hh pi. -t(h) ^p8k\ >pw p8kh 
law, rule 

TSP; VJ 873; SCE 58, 295, 362; BSTBL pi 19; 
MDii; STii 7.9, 15, 18; Frag. Len. 18R3, 44.8, 
111R1; Hen. Tales. 467.15; Sogdica. 6029; KG 
487, 525; MSP b62, 74, 114; Bailey. TPS 1945, 
11; Gersh. Amber. 223 

6811 pSkmync B ^15 
pa8kmenc 

lawful, legal 

BSTBL, Dhu. 242, -w ; GMS 1103 

6812 p6kw(w) B, M jAjtc^ 3 t^ 
paOku ? (p6kwy>, p8kwy(y)) ©ob. -y (>) ^p8»k 

width, breadth 

VJ 60 e ; GMS 999; TSP 2.964; BSTBL, Dhy. 93, 96 

6813 p8kwy> B =* p8kw(w) 

6814 p5kwy(y) B, M -» p8kw(w) 

6815 pdqy* C «» p8k> 

6816 pfin'y B t=--?<u* 
pa9ne (p8ny) ©<Av. paOana 

wide 

TSP 5.32; Sund. MSP p49 bl57 ; Prolexis. 437 

6817 p6nh S ^l^o^r, 
pa8/8n ? (p8nyh) ©ob. -yh -^pSn'y 

unit of capacity 

MDii p207; Sund. MSP p49 

6818 pdnw C =» p8n>y 

6819 p6ny *» pSn'y 

6820 pdn(y) C j&m^U 
pa8n, pa8an ©<pad- ©ace. pdnw 

heel, kick 

S W, C2, 94V14 pl76-7 ; Benv. pznw 

6821 pSnyh =» p8nh 

6822 -p6r =* -py8r>k 

6823 p8r } mc(h) B ^--o^ 
paSramc, pazamc (pSy'mc, p8ry > mc) ^ptjytoc, 

pt8r J mc, ptzy>mc 
dispute, quarrel 
BSTBL, Vim. 138; SCE 36, 435; GMS 200 

6824 pfiry'mc =» pSr'mcCh) 

6825 -p8w =* p8-' 

6826 p8w*xtq M (<j">k ^ JJ> - fi)<c±-\jjC <^l 
patwaxte, patwaxtak ©<*Parth. padwaxtag 

yazd ©ob. -yh 



pSwps- 



274 



tk ^ 



Answer, Padwakhte(a Manichean god) 
GMS 983 n 1 ; BBB; W-Lii 

6827 pSwps- B *± pSwfs- 

6828 pgwf s- M, B <o-yl~*j<> taJ?>*j<>)dJ&~? i oJi~? 

pa5ufs (p5wps-) ©<*upa-dubsa ©inf. -y 

pSwfisy ^pSVPt-, pfi^Ps- 

(to)si\ck 

BBB 664; GMS 96, 177, 503, 827; STii 7.10 p591 

6829 p5wfsynyy M (^j^&x*-^ 
paSufsene ©pres. part. =^p5wfs- 

sticking 

BBB p80.664 ; GMS 1680, 890 

6830 pS-y S 
pa5(i)/e =^p5- 2 
foundation, base 
Sund. MHC 27R6 

6831 -pSy «> pS- 1 

6832 pSy'mc =» p5r>mc(h) 

6833 payp^cy* -» pdyfrrcy* 

6834 pSyp'rcy* M -» pdyb'rcy* 

6835 pdyb , rcy > C (j^^ojU**^ 
pa5e-Parcya (pSyP'rcyO 
search, enquiry, trail 

BSTii: 843.21, 888-6; C2, 60R6, 68R21, 1V10 
pi 31.6, Benv. JA 1955, 308; Schwartz. HMV 
392 R9 ; STii 1.51; Hen. Texts. 732; BBB 613: 
pSyfi y Scy > 

6836 pSyp'rcyh S &&'*;£* <***-* 
pa6e-Parcya (pSyp'rcyO 

trial 

MDii B9R11 apud. S W, C2 p!31.6 

6837 pSyk M c (^)^L 
pa8ik =^p*6yk 

of footidownside ?) 

Sund. Man. Lett. 305.26, 313 

6838 pSynd M (^oirj^o^T^tfp 
paSind ©<*pati-antd 

threshold 

BBB, HRii 98.3; GMS 202; Hen. BSOAS 12.312, 
96, 97; LW 100 

6839 p5y p5y B . ^jA, 
pa6e-pa5e 

at each step 
BSTBL, Dhy. 284 



<&**> l <s 



Jr^i. 



6840 p5-y(y) B, M ^j^JU,,.^ 
pa5e, pa5 ©ob. p8y\ pdyh =#p8- 2 

foot, step, following 

pSy' sw- "to follow" BBB b7, 489; BSTBL, Dhy. 
98 

6841 p6yy =4 p5>y 

6842 py'ns- B j^/- 0*1*^0*. 
paxans ©inf. ->y ; pt. st. -V ^pY'ns-, pxsn-, 

py } rs- 
(ro)remove, (ro)retreat 
GMS 89, 343; BSTBL, Dhy. 225, 236, 270, 160; 

MDii A- 1421 

6843 p^ns't- =» pfns- 

6844 pY'nstk =# Wnstk 

6845 pY*rs M ^j*^<jj±j^ 
paxars ^pY'rs- 

changing, moving 
GMS 343, pw pY'rs 

6846 pY J rs- B if*i<j~% 1 o*£ji* *o*\*c£ j>- 
paxars ©<*apa-kfsa ©inf. -*y ^'pY'rs- 
(rc)remove, (to)go away, (ro)retreat 

GMS 89, 343; BSTBL; SCE 266, TSP 6.5, 162 

6847 pY'rs'k B ^^•jluTjjj 
paxarse 

retiring, removing 
TSP 9.145 

6848 pY*wnt- =» p^'wnt- 

6849 pY*yz- M, S A o^f^A o>fJxJ>s* 

p(o)Yez ? ^prYyz-, pYsty(y) 

(rc)attempt ?, (ro)prevent ?, OcOrenounce ? 

MSP bl75 ; Gersh. apud. Sund. MSP p49-50 

6850 pYlWn'k =* PYr'wWk 

6851 pYr M Jijs'is 
paxr =»pxrk 

frontier post 

Hen. Varucan sah p87 

6852 pYr ) w>n , k J^ ^l (O^j)^A ( Jtj) 
pahlawane, (pYPw'n'k) 
Parthian(/a/i£uage) 

Hen. Mittelir. 94 

6853 pYr J ync ^> 
paYrenc 

roaring 

Sund. MHC p26 n 28, 35 ; S W, gran(d) 



275 



pn'ys 



'vs- 



6854 pys'k S *Ub 
payse ? ^pysy 1 . 

bridegroom 

Hen. Tales. 486 n 1 ; BSOAS 28, 1965, 246 n 33 

6855 pY§(h) B ^C* 
paxs(e) ? (pysy 2 ) ©abl. -h ? ^p'ysy, 'pys* 
butcher 

TSP 2.230 n pl72 ; pYsy, TSP 2251, 260; gen. 
TSP 2.774, 844, 854 

6856 pyst'yn'y B j&j> <J& 3 JA ^Ijb <J*J& 
paxstene ©SpaiS ? 

engraved, with painting or carving 
VJ 16 b 

6857 pystk 1 B *j±jji»<j& 
paxste 

designed, painted 
TSP 3.181 

6858 pystk 3 S JjJ*"* 
paxste ©pi. -t =»npystk 

letter, report 

MDiii pl25 ; MDii p207 

6859 pysty(y) M ? ^/jx^^* A cJLi^> <? «^U 
payste ? ©pt. St. ^py'yz- 

ready, prevented ?, renounced ? 

GM? 917; Gersh. apud. Sund. MSP p49-50 

6860 pysy' C («^>^^)^ 
payse ? =^pys*k 

betrothed 
C2, 13V20p57 

6861 pysy 3 B => pys(h) 

6862 pyw'st- *=» 'pywst- 

6863 pyw'sty B .ju^ 

paxwaste Opywsty) ©pp. -^pxwsty 

cut 

VJ246 

6864 pyw'y- B, S o^J^^i *oj±j 
paxway ©<*apa-xwahaya ©impf. p } Yw*y 

^pyw^-, pxw'y-, J pywst- 
Go)cut off 
TSP 2.1212; Frag. Len. 37.9, 84a4 

6865 pywnt- frJ'j&A <d*J' i jJ*^^ 
opyunt ©apa-gunda ^py'wnt- 

GcOunveil 

Sund. MHC p23.10, impf. p>Y'wnt, p25V4 

6866 pywst- M, C CvJ'j^ t&J'iM* 
payust ©fgauz- ©pt. su pres. *pYwz- 



il j laJS^lSv 



(ro)hide, (fo)conceal 

GMS 89, 864; Hen. BSOAS 11, 68.7; MSP b 15a, 
C2, 11R26-, Gharib. AI 4, 225; AVS 136; STii 

4.39 

6867 pywsty C, S ^ o^H 

payuste ©pp.; pres. *pYwz- 

hidden 

BSTii 826.23; C2, 94R23; MSP b 150 

6868 pjwq M js^lxl (<**)<( j^)ia-. 
pazuk ©<Av. pazdu-, Pahl. pazug ©pi. -t 
abortion 

BBB 516; GMS 379, 978 ; Sund. 1994, 45, 46 

6869 pk^m B 
bagavam ©<Skt. bhagvan 
generous 
TSP 5.2, 6 37, 48; BSTBL, Padm. 14 

6870 pk'np- B ^^ < jjlU 
pakamb, pakanp ©<*apa~ kamp- =*nk'np- 
(to)turn away, 0o)deflect 

Mack. BSTBL, Intox. 12n p7 

6871 pk>rt M JL.<jtLS< ( b 
p(a)kart ©<*a/upa-ifcarfa-;Oss. ugard 

trap, barricade, moat 

Gersh. MSP p50 bl49, 152, 156, 157, 161, 181 

6872 pk'ys B =» prkys-, prkst- 

6873 pn C *£^€im «TuJl; <u <oT<ot 
pan ©postp. «»bn, prm 2 

up to, until, as far as, during 
Hen. Mittelir. I06n 3 ; Benv. JA 1955, 319; S W, 
C2 gloss. p74.75 

6874 pn- B, S Jji«£- 
pan ©<Skt. pana ©ob. -y 

coin, money 

TSP 2.847; Hen. Texts. 723 ; MDiii p56; MDii 
p207 

6875 pn'c's C =4 pnc*s 

6876 pn'nc M (^jf ^^1 'gkthj* 
pananc ©Av. hapadnk ° ss - bln% MP >bwg 
co-wife 

GMS 397, 1046, Sogdica. 17.8b, pl8 ; Gersh. 
BSOAS 17, 481 

6877 pn>ys- B CvJ'S «>»kc~o jl 
panes, fanes ©<*apa/upa-ndsaya; Yaghn. 

pinays ©impf. p y n } sy =#pnys- 
(to)lose 
BSTBL; Intox. 8, 9; Dhu. 279; Dhy. 392; SCE 343; 



pnc 



276 



r*H 



TSP 2.401, 319, 1070, 6.55; S W, IIJ 1976, 67, 
Frag. 23.1 

6878 pnc ^ 
panc/j ©<Av. panca ©ace. -w ; ob. -y =*pnz 
five 

GMS 255, 1316; BSTBL; TSP; SCE ; KG; BBB ; C2 
gloss. 

6879 pnc , m S 
pancam ©ob. -y =»pncmy 
fifth 

Anc. Lett. 3.7; TSP 2.1094, 112a, SCE 265; GMS 
1095; W-Li 68 

6880 pne's C *b~ 

pancas ©<Av. pancasqs ^stw-pnc^ 
fifty 

GMS 1316, 1323, 958; STi 43.10; BSTii: C2, 
13R27 

6881 pncV C=# yw pnc>s> 

6882 *pnc , snw B 
pancas-naw, 50nw 
fifty nine 
TSP 5.3 

6883 pnc's-nwmyq C 

panfias-numik 

fifty ninth 
C2, 1R8 

6884 pnee C 
panjac, pancats =»pnc5s 
fifteen 
S W, CLI 185 

6885 pnc5s B 
panc-5as, pancats ©<*panca-dasa «»pncc, 

pnets 
fifteen 
TSP 8.167 

6886 pnemy B, C 
pancmi/e ^pn^m 
fifth 

SCE 265; W-Li 68 

6887 pnemyk B, M, S ^j 
pancmik (pnemyq) ©<-myk <-*ma-ya-ka 

©suff. ; pi -t =^pnjmyk 
fifth 
GMS 1104; TSP; VJ 253; BSTBL, Padm. 33; BBB; 

KG 377 b25 ; BSTii: C2, 27V15, 31V26; Hen. 

Cosm. 307, 18; -w, MSP b22, 83 



4Jjftbw 



^job** 



*>jl 



^> T 



r>H 



6888 pnemyq C =# pnemyk 

6889 pnets M «^u 
panc-tas =^pnc8s 

fifteen 

GMS 289, 1316, 1321, -wh t -yh 

6890 pnew M, B, S ^ 
panc(u) ©nom. =^pnc 

five 

Sogdica. p34.2, 4, 9 ; KG 488, 489; BSTBL, Vim. 
15 

6891 pnewg M »^j 
pancDg ©pi. pnjwg y n 

fifth 

Hen. JRAS 1945, Fasts. pl49.1, 151.14 

6892 pncwY'Sh S (jklf)jf^ 
pancu-yaB 

five gathaCy) 

Hen. BSOAS 1965, 28, 251.2 

6893 pncykn8h S 
pancikanO 
Panjikand 
MDii A-13, 1; MDiii 

6894 pncyxz'n M 
pance-xazan 
(name of a)melody 
BBB 428 

6895 pnez'r M 
panc-zar 
five thousand 
Hen. TSP 1945, 151 

6896 pnczng*n M 
panc-zangan (-y) (pncznk'n) 
five-fold 
Sogdica. 64.14; BBB 639 

6897 pncznk'n =» pnezng'n 

6898 pnd M 
pand =^pnt 
near, relative 
Hen. Tales. 470.61; GMS 1560 

6899 pnyry B 
panxsri ? =^pnyyr } y 
unit of weight 
Hen. Texts. 723n 1 "tenth of ounce" 

6900 pnjmyk M 
panjmik =»pncmyk 
fifth 



( -U-* jj ifilz^lf ^4^- *»t;)jux*p«jj 



(c~*/ ^a\ ft) jl>-j^ 



Jj*& 



\jjp rtJJ i^S 7^X> 



jjjlij^i- *<*_>sOjJ 



(^J^ pAJsJiJdjj -*>-b 



f* 



T7 7 

GMS 67; MSP e3 

6901 pnjsmbyd M ^-^H 
panj-sambed 

Thursday 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.2 

6902 pnm C J^'tr* 
peam, penam ©adv. =*pyrnm 

before 
C2, 12V4 

6903 pnmcyq C ^^.JLJ 
penamclk ©adj. pi. -t =*pynmcyq 

former, previous 
BSTii 905.27: C2, 57V27 

6904 pnms* C j^r*J^ 
penamsa ©adv. ^pynms* 

before 

BSTii 880.17; C2, 77R17 

6905 pnmstr C j-^tjzL* 
penamstar ©adv. ^pynmstr 

before, first 
C2, 12V 5 

6906 pnsy'n B ? jijt- ia j^S ^j^ jl 
panas-yan ? ©<*apa-nasa-ydn ? 

lost, forfeit 

Maok. BSTBL, Intox. 26n p8 

6907 pnspr- B u^JUl 
panspar ©\/~*spar- ^prsp } r 

(fcOtrample 

TSP 3.121n pl95, 21iii 2 

6908 pnsprt J k B JU.I 
pansparte ©pp. 

stepped over 
TSP 3.121 n pl95 

6909 pnt B, S, C xjli^ <(u>> ^±* j->)^_>J ^J> 
pand (pn9, pnth) ©adv. & prepos. nom. nt. adj. 

pntw =*pnd 
near, relative 
TSP; VJ; BSTBL, C2 glossy pntw, SCE 333 

6910 pn8 =» pnt 

6911 pnt»Yt- B dJ£«A*f 
pand-ayat- =*pnt 

OcOapproach 
TSP 2.424; VJ 130 

6912 pnth B =4 pnt 

6913 pntq C ^y 
pante ©adv. 



pr'Wncy 



wy JU- ji 



near 

S W, C2, 17V2,22V5p66 

6914 pntmrc C 
pand-marc 

near death, about to die 

BSTii 889.14, 890.59; C2, 60R 14, 60V27 

6915 pntr B, S J^J 
pan(d)tar -»pnt 

nearer 

VJ 924; GMS 1285; pntrw* Anc. Lett. 1.4 

6916 pnxry M ftJ CL, 
panxar(e) ©pi. -t =»pxryy 

planet 
GMS 341 

6917 pny S =» pn- 

6918 pnyyr'y B (^^ ^ o£)ujj *»b 
panxari ^pnyry 

unit of weightOenrA of ounce) 
TSP 19.8; apud. Hen. Texts. 723 n 1 

6919 pnys- C oJ^jktfrJ'ff 
panes ^pn^s- 

(fo)perish, (ro)lose 

BSTi 152; Gersh. JRAS 1946, 182; STi 14, 12; 
Sund. AoFiii 76; AVS 82 

6920 pnyst- B dJ&*jk 
panist ©pt. st. 

(fo)perish 
TSP 12.38 

6921 pnz M ^ 
panj =»pnc 

five 
GMS 67 

6922 pr (0>> ^~> j^ijlji 1 ** 1 !**^ 
par ©<*uparh Yaghn. pan Khwar. pr ©prep. 

+ ace. -»prw\ prm 1 , pr'yw, pr'P, pr'nKk), 

prym'nt, prywy6 
to, on, at, in, for, upon 
GMS 96, 1625ff 

6923 prVk B eJ u*| 
parace ^pr'c'k 
remote, distant 
BSTBL, Intox. 22 

6924 prWncy B 
para5anci 
for sale 
VJ 1289; GMS 1006 



j^*j>> 



KflJ ^L* 'J-^-lJ 



pr^n 



278 



6925 pr»5n B J> 3 J 
paraSan ©<*paradana ^pr^n 

sale, selling 

VJ 1229, 1273, 1304, 1282 

6926 pr^t- B, S j^ 3 j 
para6/9t (pr'St-) ©*para6ata >*para8ata 

>para5/Gt- ; para- Sdd ©pt. St. =>pry8t- 
Go)sell 
VJ 123a, GMS 586, 667; pp. VJ 1252; Anc. Lett. 

2.20; GMS 122 n 1 

6927 pr^ty S &jj 
paraOte ©pp. 

sold 

Anc. Lett. 2.23; pr*6t 9 VJ 125a, Anc. Lett. 220 

6928 pr^Y'z B => pr'fz- 

6929 pr»Yt- B, S jju,j 
paraYat ©<*para-d-gata- ^pr'ys-, pr^t- 1 
(ro)arrive, (fo)reach 

GMS 603, 667; KG 544, 348; VJ 145, 830; Frag. 
Len. ; Frag. 2a.4 

6930 pr'Yt'k B .ju-j 
par^ate (pr*Ytk) 

arrived 

TSP 9.39, 47 ; BSTBL, Dhu. 197; pi. pr'YtyU GMS 
853 

6931 pr H Ytk =» pr'Yt'k, pr>Yty 

6932 pr^m'n B ^^ 
b/praman (pr*mn) ©voc. -*; pi. -f; ob. pi. -ty 

^pr'nVn 
Brahman 
VJ ; Frag. Len. 

6933 pr M mc- B Cpj/j^U 
fram(u)c ©<*framinc <*fra-muncaya- ©impf. 

~>Pr*mc-, fr'mync-, Pr'mcn- 
(fo)undress 
GMS 334, VJ 697 

6934 pr >} mn =# pr'm'n 

6935 pr^mn'nch B ojj**j. 
bramananc ^pr'mn^chCSynh) 

Brahmanee {woman Brahman) 
VJ 1242, 1243; GMS 1043 

6936 prVk B =» pr ) n , k 

6937 prVy- =* pr'ny- 

6938 pr»s- B, S &^j 
fras(ay) ©impf.; 2sg. impv. pr y s ^pr'ys- 1 , 

pr>sy- 



(rcOsend 

VJ 1405, 1417; MDii p207 ; Frag. Len. 72a R2 

6939 pr w str- B, S o>j^J * jjLiT. jU^ < jJLif jl ^ 
prastar ? ©impf. ^pr'ystrn- 

(to)liz down, (ro)extend 

TSP 13.8n 226; S W, IIJ 1976 p54, pr'ystrn 

6940 pr B sy- => pr*s- 

6941 pr J, w pPZY) B -> prV 

6942 pr B ys- ** pr'ys- 1 

6943 pr> Cj) B f,s,^ 
para ©<Prak. padaa; <Skt. pataka-, Khot. pale 

©pi. -tt y ^pr'kh 
banner 
TSP 6.139, 107 n p205 ; BSTBL, Dhy. 260, 98, 220; 

GMS 1269 

6944 pr'P'k S yl'yH 
parafa(k) ^pr'P 

of you, to you 

GMS 1353; MDii A-9R7, B-15.7; KG 595 

6945 pr'Pyr S(AL) -* prji'yr- 

6946 pr'c'k B ^-^ jf J3 > <j>> 
parace (pr'cy) ©Av. paraca =>pr*c*k 
remote, distant 

VJ 252; TSP 8.147 n p216 ; STii 6.34 

6947 pr'cy C =» pr>c>k 

6948 pr'Sn M j.jj 
paraSan *=*pr*5n 

sale, selling 

GMS 122.1006; Hen. BBB p71, 567-76; Tales. 
470, 57 

6949 pr»8t- B =* pr»5t- 

6950 pr'f ' C, M y * <y ^ <y 
parafa ^pr'P'k 

for you, to you, you 

STii 4.10, 6.4a, GMS 1353; C2, 7V23 

6951 pr'Ph M -> pr>f> 

6952 prYz- B (oj* j~t j>)&f&j> 
fraYaz (pr^z) ©impf. ^PrYz-. f r'Y'z-, 

prY } z-, f r'Y'z- 
0#)begin 
VJ; SCE 477, 567; BSTBL, Padm. 35; pr*rz, Vim. 

41; AVS 134 

6953 pr'Ym* B Ua^ 
brahma 

Brahma 
TSP 8.41 



279 



pr'ny 



oJLt*lAj icJLjU^t 



(Jy> ^=~j jj)u-^r-j 



6954 pr'ymn B j+&j 
praxman, braxman 

Brahman 
TSP, passim. 

6955 pr'gn- =* pr>kn- 

6956 pr'gnd- M => pr , k , nt ) k 

6957 pr J gndy(y) M =» prVntfk 

6958 pr'ys S =» pry* 1 -, prxs- 

6959 pr'ysy S 
paraxse =»prys- 
left 
Sogdica. 34.6 

6960 pr'yt- 1 B, M, C 

parayat ©Sgam; para-gala ©pt. st. =*pr*yt-, 
pr'ys-, prys- 

(ro)arrive, (fo)reach 

TSP 2, 583; GMS 603, 667 ; STi 73.7; STii 2.12; 
C2, 48R29, 48V8 

6961 pr'yt-' M o>J\*j>*j>fSj 
parayd ©fraik ©pt. st. ^pryt-, pr J yc-, pryc- 
(fo)leave, Go)abandon 

Hen. Tales. 467, 59 

6962 pr'ytS'r- M o^/^J 
pai^ydar (pryd^-) ©trans, pret. ^pr'yc- 
(fo)leave 

GMS 750 

6963 pr^ty C ^^ 
parayate (pr*ytk) ©pp.; pi. -/ =»prys-, pr'yt'k 
having come, having reached 

GMS 853; C2, 52R7 

6964 pr'yz B =» p'ryz 

6965 pr'k'n^k M ^l^^UiljJu 
parak/gande, parakantak (pr } gndy(y)) 
sowing 

GMS 931; BBB 570, 567al0 ; Hen. Tales. 470.55; 
pr>k>nty> Frag. Len. 34.3, S W, xwast, 1991, 324 

6966 pr'kh B f?j<.'J*j> 
para(k) =*pr >(,) 

banner 

TSP 2.1005, 6.107, 124, 169, 179 n p205 ; BSTBL, 

Vim. 99; Frag. Len. 100c6; Hen. Cosm. 316, 

pd'k 

6967 pr'kn- B, M oj^ < JJuTl^ tjJJf^: 
parakan (pr'gn-) ©<para-kan 

GcOsow, (/cOscatter 

BBB; GMS 50, 667; BSTBL, Dhu. 30; AVS 99 



^iTioJuSl 



'-* 



a* is ] s. <«y * 



6968 pr'qndyy M ^ pr'ktot'k 

6969 pr'kntk B 
parakande (pr'knty) ©pp. 
sowed, cultivated 
TSP 7.38, 121 

6970 pr'knty => pr'kntk 

6971 prW C -> pr>m>(k) 

6972 pr'm'Ck) M 
parama(k) (pr'm') =»pr, zw 
(ro)me, (for)mo 

GMS 1342; BSTii 839.4, 849.9: C2, 12R4, 94R20, 
111V3 

6973 pr'm'n B ^^ 
praman, braman (pr'mn) ©voc. ->; pi. -/ 

^prWn 
Brahman 
voc. prW, VJ 34S pi. pr y m y nt, VJ 58 etc.; Frag. 

Len. 

6974 pr'm'y- B, S (oy ^~t j*)o>sJ 
framay ©impf. ^frta'y- 

GcOorder 

VJ ; BSTBL; Hen. Tales. 467.17; MDii; KG 

6975 pr'mn =* pr'm'n 

6976 prWnch(6ynh) M ^^(ji-0 
bramananc-(Sen) ©f. adj. ^pr'mn'nch 
Brahmanic (religion) 

Hen. JRAS 1944 pi 38.92; GMS 1040 

6977 pr > my6 =* prymyd/9 

6978 prVy- B o^^^'j O-^L^ 
paranay (pr*n J y-, pr'n'y-) ©<*para-a-naya- 

^pr'nyt-, pr*ny- 
(fo)lead, (ro)bring 
SCE 392, 404; BSTBL, Dhu. 22, 43 & etc.; 

pr*n y y- y Intox. 13, 56; BSTii 832.13; GMS 569, 

667 

6979 pr'n'k B f^»>^<<« 
parane (pr*n*k, pr'nyt) ©pi. ~n y t, -nyt ^pr*ny 
insect, worm 

SCE; TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 34, -n't, SCE 399; GMS 
966; BBB 513 

6980 prVy- =» pr>n»y- 

6981 pr'nstr B =» pr'ystrn- 

6982 pr'ny B, M >t^ <d 3 ^ 
parane ©pi. -r ^pr'n'k 

small animal, insect 

SCE 168, 219, 414; GMS 966; BBB 513 



pr'ny- 



280 



^pr^t-, pryz-, pryst- 2 



6983 pr'ny- C o>j.?T < o^S^t-^*' j 
paranay ^pr'n'y- 

(to)lead, (to)biing 

C2, AV 28, 104R13: BSTii 832.13 

6984 pr'nyny M *<^kSs*j 1 s*j 
paranene 

leader 

GMS 895; prrtyny, W-Li 62, 76, 95 

6985 pr'nyt M => pr>n>k 

6986 pr'nyt- M O^^U^Ij 
par am t ©pt. St.; perf. pr>nytdr- ^prWy- 
(ro)lead 

GMS 537, 569; AVS 94 

6987 pr»nyy M =» pr»n»k 

6988 pr'srSyk S *UU 
par(o) sarSik ? 

yearly 
MDii A- 13, 5 

6989 pr'st- M 
parast ©pt. st. 

(rc)escape 

GMS 825A; Hen. BSOAS 12, 6l2n 5 

6990 pr'sy- S <>^> 
frasay ©<*fraisaya- «*pr*s-, pryst- 1 , pr*ys- l f 

prys- 

(to)sond 

MDii; impf. pr& } y, KG 359, 396, 516 

6991 prW B =* pr> ()) 

6992 prV B, M, S (jy* yJ-> >>)uT>> ijij <oU 
paru (pr»w (»PZY)) ©<*upari-ava(m) -»pr, 

prw 1 
to it, for it, in it 
GMS 1625, 1626 

6993 prV B, S (u>^^A* >>R^*<lf 
parew ©<par-ew <*upari- aiva =#prw 3 , pr*yw 
together with/in one 

GMS 1627, 132 

6994 prV B <^_'^<Ui 
paru 

for, because 

VJ 2, 311, 160 etc. gloss, pi 16 

6995 pr'w'PZY B (*>>> >=~^) t ri ^l«o>r <UJ 
paruti (prwty, pr'wHy) =*prw >P£Y 

for, because, but, then 

6996 prWty M -» pr , w , PZY 



ji' *5'ji 



fLr^'J^'f-r** 



6997 prNv'yfi B 

parwe5 (prwy8) =>prywy6 

for 

VJ4 d 

6998 prWtr B 
parunatar ? (prwn*tr) 
respectful 

TSP 5.60, 17.22 

6999 prVp- B o>Sjj±<^jsj 
parop ? ©<*pari-Iupa-raupa- =*rwp- 
(ro)sweep 

BSTBL, Dhy. 1, 68 

7000 prVscy B j^^j 
frawisci ^Pr'wscyCh), Pr>wcy 
forgetfulness 

TSP 20.8; BBB 605 

7001 pr'wst- B JA^A- 
paraust ? ©Khot. parau$ta "drawn" ©pt. St. 

^pr'wyz- 
GcOflow 
TSP 7.139; S r(m s ? Hen. Texts. 716; Swaig ? 

Emmerik. SGS 75 

7002 prNvyz- B o^J'o^ to^^J*- <dd>^ 
parawez ? ©f*waig- ^pr'wst- 

(ro)water, (fo)flow 

TSP 12.48; Hen. Texts. 716; S W, C2 pl49, 21 

7003 pr'xs- S -* prxs- 

7004 pr'y S «* pry- 

7005 pr'yp'k B J 
pariPe (pr'yP'y) ©<*pari-abra-ka ; pari awra\ 

Khot. pryaun Khwar. pryfik ^pryPyy 
cloud 
TSP 2.522, 647, 3.154, 212, 267; BSTBL, Dhy. 15, 

176; GMS 202; pr'yp'k-stn "cloud-place", -y 

Padm. 58 

7006 prop's- B d^d/^><d>h&j^ 
parifas ©<*pari-basa- ©impf. 

(ro)change colour 

VJ 269; S W, C2 pl.48.26, prJPs- 

7007 pr'yp^ =# pr^^k 

7008 pr'ypr B ^ prPr- . 

7009 pr'ypyr- B u^ c > 
pariPer (prypyr) ©impf. =*prP>yr- 
(rcOexplain 

TSP 5.63, 86; STii 8.5 






281 



pr*ytr 



7010 pr'yc- B, S, C osJ'S j laij'tja 
parec ©<*apai pari-raicaya- ©3sg. pres. 

pr>ysu impf. p y r } yc =^pryc-, pr'yk 
(rcOleave, (ro)abandon 
VJ; TSP 12.36; BSTBL, Dhu. 284; MDii p207 ; C2 ; 

Notesii 224; 3sg. pres. pr*yst, TSP 2.466; pr y yct, 

Dhu. 284; AVS 73 

7011 pr'yS- B, S ^J 

pare9/5 ©<*paraSaya ; Khot. parath Khwar. 

p } rS; Yaghn. pironh <*para-da0a-ya ; Sda 

=*pr*5t-, pryO- 
(/o)scll 
VJ 1247; TSP 2.775, 9.14; SCE 413; Frag. Len 4 

MDii p207 ; GMS 122.26 n 1 ; AVS 117; pr'6 y 

Frag. Len. 83bl ; S W, C2 pl48.26 

7012 pr'yk B, S JLj>«Sj\+<*sbAj\> 
parek ©pi. -/ ^pr'yc-, pryq, pryc- 
leavings, remnant, other 

SCE 387; pr'yku TSP 3.151 n pl96; S W, 1IJ 
1976, 70 n 106; pr>ykw y MD 

7013 pr'ykh B, S &r**J* 
parik ©pi. -tfa, ob. pi. -tyh 

fairy 

VJ 1003, 1113; TSP 6.197; Frag. Len. 93.21, 29 

7014 prirm B &J ;**&)<> *&t 
parlm ©<*upari-ima ^pr'ym'yS 

in the, to the 

BSTBL, Vim. 141, 144; GMS 1404, 1470, pr+W 

7015 pr'ym'nt B W^J * c^j 'ji 1 i*L* < ji 1 -P 
parimand (pr*ymnt) «>prym*nt 

for this, for these, in this, in these, about this, 

about these 
TSP 2.245, 645, 1075, 10.13; Frag. 2a. 29 

7016 pr'ym'yS B, S ji»<? <j-J ^L* 
parime5/9 =»prymy8, pr'ym 

in the, in this, for this 

GMS 1482-, EGSii 130; MD ; TSP; BSTBL-, STii 

7017 pr'ymnt => pr'ym'nt 

7018 pr'ynk 1 B, M jjj «z> jy + j/ .r.«..jf) fl j >? < jj, 

paring ©*pari-anaka <*pari-ahanaka; *aham\ 

Av. avian ^pryng 1 
part of the face, cavity of the mouth 
Sogdica. p6.7 ; TSP 7.55 n p211 ; GMS 976A; 

Benv. Et. Oss. 24 

7019 pr'ynk* B, S o^> t <-^ i^tj) c£*r A 



paring ©<*upa~iringa; Av. hapto-iringa 

=»pryng 2 
damask 
TSP 3.129, 146; MDii B-16, 11; Hen. Texts. 735; 

Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 150-7 

7020 pr } yp- B, S CpJ^^s^j «j>j ■>>- ^ 
parep ©<*pari-apaya =»pryp-, pryft- 
(rcOlead, (to)takt(away) 

VJ 334, 64 b ; MDii; C2, p53 ; impf. pr'yp, VJ 960, 
1230, 1346; GMS 205, 588 

7021 pr>ys B AJJJ 
pares, parais 

arrival 

TSP 9.19, 33, 41 

7022 pr'ys- B, S (u>> >^* j-Oo-^j 
pares ©*para-isa\ fay- ^prys-, pr'yt- 1 
(/o)reach, (ro)arrive 

GMS 539; VJ n p97,l096 

7023 pr'ysyn'k B •j* J z*JjtA J \j 
paresene ©pres. part. 

comer, one who enters 
TSP 9.17, 25, 53 

7024 pr>ys-' S j&±.j 
frais ©<*fraisaya -^pr'sy-, pr's-, prys-, frys-, 

pr'ys-, Pr>s(y)- 
(ro)send 
MDii p207 

7025 pr'ys- 2 B -» pr>yc- 

7026 pr'yst- S ^\^J 
frest ©<*fraista ©pt. St.; perf. pr*yStwd*r 

=»pryst-\ fryst-, prys-, P^sCy)- 
(/<?)send 
MDii p207 ; AVS 122 

7027 pr'yst^w) S(M) 
frestak(u), freste 
apostle 
Hen. BSOAS 11 p69 

7028 pr'ystrn- B ^ 
paristarn ©impf. =»*prstrn-, pr J str- 

Go)spread 

TSP 13.8 apud. S W, IIJ 1976, 54 

7029 pr'yt B *"S &j 
pret ©<Skt. preta ©pi. -t; ob. -y 

hungry ghost 

SCE; TSP 2.518, 948; STii 10.43, 48 

7030 pr»ytr B =* prtr- 



(<iS^)ftjlx*^i <J>^j 



i ■"■■■■> 



pr } yttr 



282 



7031 pr'yttr B jyy> 
fritar (Pytr) ^prytm(h) 

dearer 
TSP 2.175 

7032 pr'yw B, S (jy* ^^ j->)*Lr** 4 
parew ©<*upari- aiva ©postp. =»pryw\ 

pr>w\ prw 3 
with, together with 
GMS 132 ; EGSii 166 

7033 pr'yw'nt B oT>> 
pariwand =*prywnt 

in this 

TSP 2.406; GMS 1404 

7034 pr'yw'ySh B, S &) + (?-h'xJ j><x}ds. 
pariweS, pariwiO =»prywy5, prywyG 

in this 

VJ ; TSP; SCE; Frag. 2a.5 ; Frag. Len. ; STii 8.3, 
9.16; KG; GMS 1403, 1404, 1453 

7035 pr'ywrt- B, S o^.j^f^ 
pariwart (prywrt) ©impf. =>prwrt- 
OcOturn, GcObecomc 

Dhy. 179, 325; GMS 624 ; Frag. Len. 29.12; KG 
606, 624, 687 

7036 pr'ywy8 =* pr'yw'ySh, prw'yS 2 

7037 pr'ywyrt- B, M o>hj~z *oxh£ j 
pariwert (prywyrt) ©impf. =»prwyrt- 
(ro)turn, Oo)transform 

SCE 560; BBB b52 

7038 prp»r B 
parPar ^prPV 
vehicle 
BSTBL, Dhu. 73, Dhy. 78 

7039 prp'ytk B 
parpayde ©<*pari- baxtaka 

prbxsty 
gift 
TSP 3.80 n pi 94 

7040 prpV B, M <ti«ij>f 
parPar ©= Skt. yana ©ob. -y =*prP»r 
vehicle 

BSTBL, Vim. 84, Dhy. 395; SCE 507; TSP; 
Sogdica. 29.5a ; Hen. Tales. 479 n 2 

7041 prpV M,S (J.Jjf)^-*<zJ. 
parPar =»prP>yr 

explanation, pronouncement 
GMS 1495; Hen. BSOAS 11.68 n 3; KG pi 87, 
332, 349; MSP b43 

/ 



<Ujl <4Jj.l 



■/ 



>prpyn, prbyty, 



fe-UAJ 



o 



7042 prpVcy S j***/ <olj*>fj 
parParci 

charioteer 

Hen. Tales. 478.19, 479 n 2 

7043 prp'rnyk S 
parParnik ? 
explaining 

Anc. Lett. 2.43, 47 (-w) ; GMS 997 

7044 prp's- B o&off*to*\*S* Jj: Js 
parfas ©*pari/apa~; Jba ©impf. pi*yfPs 
(to)change colour 

VJ 269n p93 ; Mack. BSOAS 33, 122; C2 pl48 

7045 prp'yr B, S (JjJ^^'C^ 
parPer 

explanation 

TSP 9.117; STii 7.3; KG 338, 425; MDii 

7046 prp'yr- B, S (o>jjJ)o^J<<o>f jr-* 
parper ©<*pari-bdraya- ©impf. pr l>) yfi y yr 

=»prbyr- 
(/o)explain, (ro)expose, (ro)tell 
BSTBL; GMS 537; SCE 61, 133, 508; VJ 5 ; TSP 

2.680 etc.; STii 7.3; KG 338, 425; MSP b2 ; 

impf. pr y yfl } yr, Frag. Len. 49.10 

7047 prp'yr't- B, S o^^ 
parPerat ©pt. St.; perf. prflyrtfw) <?V- 

=>prP>yrt-, prP'yr- 
(/cOexplain 
BSTBL; TSP 6.78, 7.18; KG 438 

7048 prp'yrn'k B, S &*?±y fXsfj~Js 
parperne 

explaining 

BSTBL, Dhy. 13a, Anc. Lett. 2.47; TSP 9.144, 
prfi'yn'k ? « 

7049 prp'yrt- B, S * (o>> >^ >0(u^^)j^ c > 
parPe/ort ©pt. St.; perf. prfi } yrtd*r- ^prP'yr-, 

prbyrt-, prP'yr't- 
(fo)explain 
GMS 839a, 537; AVS 104 

7050 prp'yrt'k B, M {^j^^j^i^Jj ^J, 
parPerte (prP'yrtk) =*prbyrc 

explanation 

TSP 2.339, 1232, 5.1, 113, 6.42; KG 411; GMS 537 

7051 prp'yrtk =» prP > yrt , k 

7052 prpyn M ^IjlaI^jia 
parPayn ©<*para-bigna ©ob. -yh\ pi. -d 

=»prp>ytk 
gift 



283 

GMS 1026; BBB 621; Hen. AM 1952, 206.2 

7053 prbys- C -> prbxs- 

7054 prbyt- C jj/pJU^^ 
parPayt- ©pt. st. ; pres. prbYs- =»prbxs-, 

prbyty 
(r<?)hand over, (redeliver 

C2 gloss.; AVS 130 

7055 prbyty C <o^ 
parPayde ©pp.; pi. -t =#prbxsty, pr^ytk 
delivered over 

BSTii 883.14: C2, 48R16; STii 6.27, 5.46 

7056 prbnty C J» 
parPande ? 

burden 

BSTii 867.33; S W, C2, 27V3 p63, 3 

7057 prPr- B o^^Cn* <u*boli; 
parPar ©inf. -'y; impf. p^yflr- ^prP'yr- 
Go)present 

TSP 8.109, 5.63 ; AVS 102 

7058 prpr»nh B ? <>^J ^j* 
parParan 

gift, chariot ? 

VJ 132; GMS 1032 

7059 prpj t B 
parPart - 
crossed 
SCE 

7060 prprt- S 
parPart =^prPr-, prP'yr- 
GcOpresent 
MSP b52 p22 n38 ; AVS 102 

7061 prprtSst(t) M, B 

parPart-5ast =»prPyr- 2 , prPrtp>5 
crossed arms 

SCE 400; Sogdica. 2 1.1 6b 23; GMS 498, 668; 
Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 142 

7062 prprtp>8 B >'ji*r 
parPartpaS ^prPrt5st(t), prPyr- 2 
cross-legged 

BSTBL, Dhy. 18 

7063 prptm B, S ^7 
paraptam ? ©* parama-tama ©double, superl. 
last 

TSP 9.102, 133, 16.29; STii 10, 2; BSTBL, Vim. 
70, Dhu. 69, 192, 253; Anc. Lett 2.11, 33; S W, 
SGI 1986, 417 



*^^r Jj^J^ij^ ***' 



JJ~0*i 



iji^p^j** *ilpb^LiJ 



prPyrcy 

7064 prbxs— C oj^*ojLp- iq*^~Lj io*j^* 
parPaxs (prbys-) ©<*para-baxsa- =»prbyt-, 

prbxsty 
(rcOhand over 
GMS 666; C2, 94V24 & p67 ; STi 6.3; Sund. AoFi 

1974, 250.15, 8R 4 

7065 prbxsc C =* prbxsty 

7066 prbxsd'r- C os^TcjU- 
parPaxs-5ar ©<*parflaxstdar- ©perf. st. 
(^betray 

STi 50.2; Sund. AoFi 1974, 8R 4 

7067 prbxsny C J\± 

parPaxsne 

betrayer 

STi 33.19; GMS 893 

7068 prbxsty C *^ 
parPaxste ©pp. =»prbxs-, prbyty, prP*ytk 
delivered over 

STi 17.3; Sund. AoFi p241 ; C2, 12V3, prbxsc, f. 
adj. 

7069 prpyr S 4*; 
parPer 

agreement 

MDii 

7070 prbyr- C frJ'f&to&zJ' 
parPer (prPyr- 1 , prybyr-) ©impf. prybyr 

=#prbyrt-, prP>yr- 

0o)tell, OcOrecount, 0<?)explain 
C2 gloss.; impf. BSTii 880.11: C2, 77V11; GMS 
624; STi; apud. Sund. AoFviii 1981 p216; AVS 

79 

7071 prpyr- 1 M =» prP J yr-, prbyr- 

7072 prpyr- 2 B L Uc~o)jJb^b I *J*lt> o^ a> j£-\j£ 

(U 
parPer ©<*pari-baraya- ©impf. pryflyr 

=»prPrtSst(t), prPrtp'5 
{to)cvoss {arms or legs) 
BSTBL, Dhu. 225; AVS 79 

7073 prbyrc M Ji*ftj£cJjj 
parPerc ©f. pp. =*prbyrt-, prp^rt^k 
narration, narrated 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 155 

7074 prPyrcy M ^'j^^ 
parperci 

sayable {what one must say or tell) 
Hen. JRAS 1945, 155 n 6; GMS 1006-9 



prbyrdV 



284 



7075 prbyrd'r C =» prbyrt- 

7076 prbyrt- C CpJ' £ jkio^^J* 
parPe/ort ©pt. st. =»prbyr-, prp'yrt- 

0o)tell, OcOrecount, (fo)explain 
C2 gloss, perf. St. prbyrcPr- 

7077 prc'pt B (cJ^:^^)^y^*^J^M^\ iJ ^ a ^A 
parcaft, parcapd 

enclosure, surrounding 

SCE 222; BSTBL, Dhy. 228; GMS 1587A; Gersh. 
IF 1970, 305 

7078 prc(h) B, S c-t, 
pare ©<*prsti\ Yaghn. parca\ Khot. palstU 

Khwar. psky-, A v. parsti =»prcy 
back 
GMS 138, 275; VJ 57; SCE 94; TSP 3.133; Frag. 

Len. 37.15, 19; C2, 111R3; MDii 

7079 prey M, C ju^^^ui- <vJ* 
parci ©<*parsci <*parsti ©adv. =»prc(h) 
behind, after 

GMS 275, 382; STii 4.40, 5.3a, BBB 517 

7080 prS^k B J^i*x*J 
parSaPe ©<Av. dab-; Khwar. prd^fiy =»prdbn 
deceptive, treacherous ? 

BSTBL, Intox. 26 

7081 prS'yt- B jjLiT^^ 
arOayd ©<*parifa- 6axta ©pt. st. =^pr8 > ync- 
0o)spread, (r<?)pull 

GMS 600; AVS 123 

7082 prSVkU) B •julT^^J* 
pa9aydak(u), parGayde ©pp. 

spread, pulled 
VJ862 

7083 pre^tch B +x^£ myJ? 
parOaxtc ©f. pp. 

spread, pulled 
VJ 19\ 346 

7084 prS'nkOi) B 
parGang ^prS'ync-, pr8ynq 
curtain 
TSP 3.159, 156 

7085 prS'w S(M) 
parS/0aw ©Khot. padav 
flame 

BBB bl5 ; Benv. Notesiv 518; GMS 573; Prolexis. 
154 ; Sund. MHC 36.8 R6 

7086 prS'ync- B &jj 



*>j\ 



yj>r A 



parOenc ©<*pari/a-6anjaya- ©inf. -h 

=»pr0ync-, prS^t- 
(fo Spread 
prSync* TSP 3.125; pr&yncK TSP 128, 158; 

pr&yncy, TSP 3.145.160 

7087 prfi^s B oL^-U uj^q^a ^-d^** 
parSes ©<*pari-daisa =»pr5ys- 

enclosure, building 
VJ 13 b 

7088 prSp'n'Ch) M ^J\ ,J^ 
par5pan(a) ? =»pr5Pn 

danger 
GMS 1588 

7089 pr8p > t B 3^^-^ji^^Jjt 
par-5pat 

if, supposing 

TSP 6.187; BSTBL, Dhy. 33 ; Benv. Notesii 236 

7090 prfip'y- -> pr5tp>y- 

7091 prfipyt- S d>t>j'j~fiO*J'jiz* 
parBpay-at ©<*prSfi y y; <* pari~6waya- ? ©pt. 

st. ; perf. prSfiyHSr- ^Pr5tP J y- 
(fcOdiffuse, OcOspread 
GMS 293; KG 394 

7092 pr8pn M, S ^Jc^JSiJ*^ 
par5Pan ? ^prSpwOi), prdbn 

damage, danger 

BBB-, GMS 1428, 1453; Sogdica. 29.1ft, Hen. 

BSOAS 11.66, 14; Cosm. 31Z82-, JRAS 1944, 

142.8 ; Frag. Len. 65.3 

7093 prdbn C ^J 
=»pr5Pn 

deceit 

STii 1.4, 6.41; Benv. JA 1955, 310, STSC 136; C2, 
52V 13 



7094 prSpnkry B 
parSPankare 
destructive 
TSP 24.3 

7095 pr8r- S 

par8ar, fra5ar ? ©Av. dar- ? 

(fo)endeavour 

MDii pl66.19, 167.3 n p!68 

7096 pr Sstw 
par-5astu ^6st 
by means of 

C2, 56R 30, 69R10 



-I <^L*j 



o^/ 



In— a7 (Cm 



285 



prynh 



7097 pr 6stw wn- o*kJtj*s ^^ 
par-5astu-wan- =»8st 

(ro)hand in 

7098 prSwk (,) B {s&'J^d** 
paralok ©<Skt. paraloka =#8wk } 

future world 

TSP 10-9; BSTBL, Intox. 2a, -y, TSP 2.28; -h, 
TSP 2.502 

7099 pr8wt- M J*f^ 
par8/9ut ©pt. st. ^p^w 

(ro)burn, (ro)inflame 
GMS 573; BBB 

7100 pr8wty- M ^aija/jj! 
parSute ©Khwar. Odw; Khot. padav ©pp. 

=»pr8wty 

inflamed 
BBBp92bl5 

7101 prSync B ^ prS'ync- 

7102 prSys- M a>^Lj<^U 
par8es ©<*pari-daisa- =^pr8 } ys 

(to)build 

BBB 494; GMS 668, 914; AVS 125 

7103 prSyz M (j*n>)u**J't { ! 
py8ez (prdyz) ©Av. pari-daeza ©ob. -y ; pi. 

-/ 
garden, orchard 
BBB 571; BSTii 877.2, 878.8.16; C2, 87R 2, 8.11 

7104 prdyz C *=» pr8yz 

7105 prSyzp'n S (Okj^k)^i3J l ^tS^ J 
par8ez-pan 

chief of parks 

MDii A-5, 22; prSyzpt, MDiii p97 

7106 prf'c C •jJsdJ'J'i <<aljJjjj~js 
parfac ©f. pp. =*prP>s- 
discoloured(c/zanged in colour) 

BSTii 84326; Mack. BSOAS 33.122; C2, 68R26 
n pl48 

7107 prf'ty C =* prPc 

7108 pry'np' B c*-^<<L-j<>a<OjI*. 
paryanp ? ©ob. -y(h) ^pry'wn ? 

means, expedient, artifice 

BSTBL, Dhu. 80, 164; -\ Dhu. 76 etc.; TSP 9.83 

n pi 8a, prVnpyK TSP 2.867, 6.76, 79; BSTBL, 

Vim. 67; Dhu. 88 

7109 pry'ns- M(S) cp/W 
parxans ©<*para- karsa- 



tS> «f 5 J** 



$y ta*\ 



r*J 



(to)separate 

GMS 343, 666 ; BBB 49a, Karab. Insc. 16, 8; AVS 
129 

7110 pry'stk B 
parxaste ©pp. ^pry'yz-, prysty 
deprived 

SCE78 

7111 pry'w B, S gf'J**&jJ 
frayaw, faryaw ©<*fragava; Parth. fargaw 

^PryV 
wealth 
VJ 84 etc.; SCE 499 ; Anc. Lett. 2.31; Benv. 

Notesiii 204 

7112 pryNvcy B 
frayawci 
profit, benefit 
BSTBL, Dhy. 228 

7113 pry'wn ? B 
paryon ? ©Skt. updya ^pry'np^ 
means 

Vim. 112, 176, BSTBL, Benv. TSP n pl68 

7114 pry'wncyk B -=» prywncyk 

7115 pry'wt- B o^J'^^J'^j 
parxut ©pt. st. =»prywn-, prywt*k 

0o)reject, (rc)forbid 

TSP 2.1035, 1039; Hen. Texts. 722 

7116 pry*yz- B o>^f j>** <J*J'£'J* < j^L- JV ~*T 
parxez ©<* para-hazya- ? =^pryyz- 
(ro)deprive, 0<?)plunder 

TSP 2.1114; Hen. Texts. 724; AVS 136 

7117 pry'z- B o±jW i&J'&ji 
frayaz =*prYz-» PrY z ~» f*Y z -> frY z ~ 
0o)begin 

Dhy. 314; -Vzf, 3pl. pres. prY'z* TSP 7.18 

7118 pryd'r- C ^ pr'yt^r- 

7119 prym'ny S ? JU«iiT 
prayd-mane ? ©<prYt- m } ny 

anxious, with weary mind ? 

MDii p94.2 n p98 ; Gersh. Advice. 86 

7120 pryn* B, S ^><0t^^jj 
frayna (Prynh) ©ob. -yh ^P'ryn, fryn^ 

kind, mark, manner 

VJ 973; TSP; SCE 326; BSTBL, STii 7.20, 10.29; 
MDii B-7R5 

7121 prynh B =» pryn* 



pryrs'y 



286 



7122 pryrs'y B j£^><*/ 
paryarse ? ©Av. gdwsna-, <*pari~grs- 

round 

BSTBL, Dhy, 88; Benv. Notesii 229 

7123 pryrs B ? ^t<^> oj t^ 
paryars, pO)r(a)yars ? =>prys 

slave girl, concubine 

TSP 8.188, 191; Hen. JRAS 1944, 139 n 3; Texts. 
737, 188; TSP 12, 12 ? 

7124 prys- B, M jjuU^Sl. ib-^^Sj tb^*j 
paraxs ©intrans. v. ; impf. p*r {)) Ys ^pr'ysy, 

pr'yc-, prxs- 
(fo)remain, Go)be left 
BSTBL, Dhu. 251, Dhy. 348; GMS 177 

7125 prys M ? ^u-^oj'^^ 
parayas ? =*pryrs 

concubine, slave girl 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.7, 139n 3 

7126 prys'w- B o>jjTj,> <jx^c~*_y t 
praxsaw 

OcOscrape, (to)pull out 

TSP 3.284 n pl99 ; Gersh. AHM 323 

7127 prysn- S ^,\'£ jUj < j^b jLu <a^oJV^ 
fraysn- ? 

(fo)mark 
Frag. Len. 67.7 

7128 prysn*k S =$ prysnh 

7129 prysn'y S Jjl* 
praysne ©ob. pi. -ty 

soothsayer 
Frag. Len. 67.6 

7130 prysnh B, S c*ou<jLts 
fraysna ? (Prysnh, prysnh) ©= Skt. laksana 

©f. n. ^nysn(h) 
mark, sign 
SCE 149, 266; VJ 1032; TSP 6.4, 90, 162; BSTBL, 

Dhy. 46; prYsnw, Frag. Len. 67.7; S W, BSOAS 

1981, 240 n 

7131 prysty C fjj ^ 
parxaste ©pp. =*pryyz-, pry'stk 

deprived 

BSTii 909.26: C2, 61R29 

7132 prysyny ? S * b^b*± 
parxasene ? =#prxs>y- 

lamenting 

Frag. Len. 67.6 apud. S W, BSOAS 1981, 240n ; 



Sund. MSP p51 

7133 prytr M j<^ 
paraydar, paraxtar 

wearier 

GMS 1243, 1285 

7134 pryt- M, C, S b^Sjib>/Sj 
parayd ©pt. st. =#prys-> pryc-, prys-, pr'yt- 2 
(ro)leave, (fo)be left 

BBB 713; GMS 842; C2, 60V 15; trans, pret. 
prYd y r-, C2, 65R26 

7135 pryty(y) M, C <^j^^^JiS^j^ 
parayd(e) ©pp. 

left 

GMS 1285; BBB 700, 747; C2, 22V15 

7136 pryw^ B oiUT 
paryu6/8a ©f. n. =*pcyw6h 

dirt 
TSP 2.713 

7137 prywn 1 B tl*^<**tj£js **j 
parxon ©<*pari-xauna\ Parth. prxwdn 

=>pcxwn 
censure, condemnation 
Intox. 32 

7138 prywn 3 =» prywntk 

7139 prywn- B 
parxon ^pry'wt- 
(^)reject 
TSP 2732; Hen. Texts. 722; AVS 98 

7140 prywncyk B 
pary/xuncik ? (prywncyk) 
slackness 

TSP 2.896, 889 

7141 prywntk B * ? *j£j jj\ <? c«.l>*k 
p/farxunde ? (prywn 2 ) 

desired ? 

TSP 2.30 n pl68, 7.193; Hen. Texts. 734 ; Frag. 
Len. 41.3, prYwn 

7142 prywt'k B *jij^L> <£ y*+ ^»» 
parxute ©pp. =#prywn-, pry^t- 

rejected 
TSP 2.868 

7143 pryy S(M) 
parxe/i =»prxy(y) 

wage, salary 
Hen. Tales. 467.20 

7144 pryyz- C 



b>J'fjfc*A <U^->J 



(^ S 'b^jd^y <&Sr* 



0>J$3J** 



287 



prm'n ptyws ()) y 



paryez ->pry'yz-, prysty, py'yz- 
(to)dtprive 

STii 6.41; STSC 146.4; BSTii 88922: C2, 66R22, 
104V16 pl3L22 

7145 prk's B oUj<J* 
parkas ^ptq's, prkys- 

imprisonment 

SCE 33; TSP 7.42, 64 

7146 prk'yn M (j^W^-^J-^ 
parken (prkn) ©MP p y rgyn 

ditch 

MSP bl96 b!93 p51 

7147 prkn =» prk'yn 

7148 prkst- M &J'x*j> t O^jT^Uj 
parkast ©pt. st. =^prkys- 

(fo)imprison 

GMS 598; perf. prkst&r-, BBB b74- f pky$t- t TSP 
6.151 

7149 prkys- M, B frJ'jMj 
parkes (prqys-) ©impf. pryqyys =*prkst-, 

prk's 
(fo)imprison 
GMS 598; TSP 6.151n 206; BSTi 89; Hen. Cosm. 

312, 104, 105; GMS 624; BBB b74 ; AVS 128 

7150 prc^s- M, C =$ prkys- 

7151 prm' (0>^>^ j^jt^^J^^J j* 
parm (prmh) ©<*upari- ima 

to this, in this 
GMS 1971 

7152 prm 2 (oy> >^* j->)J.*k>> tOUU ^I^jTl- <l; 
parm (prmw) ©*parama(m) ©postp. -*pn, 

*5prm(h) 
until, up to, as far as, so long, during 
GMS 1586, 1608, 1631; -w, Anc. Lett. 2-16, 23; 

SW, SGI 1986,417 

7153 prm'n M yttcJuf 
parman (prm l n 4 ) *=>pw prm'n, prm'ndy' 
pardon 

BBB 606; GMS 291; Sogdica. 16.6 

7154 prm n y- B o>j*J 
framay ^prm'y- 1 

OeOorder 
SCE 24 

7155 prm'qycq C J^J+Si ".j** 
parmakick (prm'kyck) ©<*prm } y- 

<paralupari-sTmay\ Khwar. prrrth ^zm'qycq 
experience 



S W,C2, 31R16 n p73 ; MSP a4 

7156 prm'kyck M, S =* prm'qycq 

7157 prm'n 1 B ^^^ 
framan ©OP framana -^prm'nh 1 , frm'n 

order 

VJ 223; SCE 24; TSP; BSTBL; GMS 1026; Vim. 
63; CII 1990 Gil 

7158 prm'n 2 C ^> 
parman 

faithful 

STi 47.7; Sund. AoFi p237, 7V12; AoFiii p71. 
17R7 

7159 prm'n 3 B => prm'nh 2 

7160 prmV M =* prm'n, prm'ndy' 

7161 prm'n 5 S. d^^t^Jite- 
par-man 

domestic, in the house 

MDii apud. Gersh. Advice. 93, par-man, C2 p83 

7162 prm > n5 > r S juU^<jUU> 
framan8ar «*frm'nd'r 

commander 

MDii p208 ; GMS 1135; MDiii p97 

7163 prm'ndy* M,C jJjLJ*>iyt>icJu£ 
parmandya -^prm'nty', prm'n 

pardon, mercy 

GMS 291; Sogdica. 16.3b; STii 1.6, BBB 603, 737 

7164 prm'nh' B, S ( J>> y-»?> j->)j>^> <o\*J 
framan ©ob. -wA ; -yh ^prm'n 1 

order 

VJ ; TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 136; Frag. Len. ; KG 358, 

440, 506, 514; Anc. Lett. 3.21; -wA, SCE 568; 

-yh, MDii; Frye 22 

7165 prm'nh 2 B, S 4£ i jul<j& 
parman ©Parth. prrrtng =*m'n prm'n 
thought 

TSP 15.29; S W, C2p73.l6 

7166 prm'nh ptyws'k B, M, S J^^J 
framan-patyose (prm'n ptyws'k) 

obedient 

SCE 25; TSP 23.7; BSTBL, Vim. 173; Hen. Tales. 
48621; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 145 

7167 prm'n ptyws'k -» prm'nh ptyws'k 

7168 prm'n ptyws^y B, S (y^u^J)J^^J 
framan-patyose ^frm'n ptywsy 

obedient 



prm'nty' 

TSP 5.118; pi. -r, Vim. 63, BSTBL; KG 550 

7169 prm'nty' S, C j^j^iy* 
parmandya ^prm'ndy* 

pardon, forgiveness 

Tales. 480.12, 14; GMS 835; STi 78.11; Sund. 
AoFi 1974, IV 10; STii 6.30 ; BSTii: C2 gloss. 

7170 prm't- B, S o>y>J 
framat ©pt. st. =»prm>y-\ frmH- 

(fo)order 

GMS 565, 849; perf. prmH&r- y KG 531, 532; VJ 
175, 298 etc. 

7171 prm't^k S ^ prm>t>y 

7172 prm^y B r «..^r <J* 
parmate (prm , t c>) k, prm'tyy) =¥m y n prnVtyy 
thought 

SCE 317; KG 363 ; GMS 964; TSP 3.205 ; S W, C2 
p73, 16 

7173 prm J ty C =» prmWy 

7174 prm'tyy M =4 prmVy 

7175 prm'y B J^Jh'sS^Jh 
framay ©2sg. impv. 

please 

GMS 1208 n 1, 1682, 2pL impv. prm'yS, VJ 179 

7176 prn^y- 1 B, S (0y> y^> s>)o>y*J 
framay ©<*fra-mdya- ©impf. pr^rtfy 

^PrnVy-, prnVt-, prnVy, prm*y-, frm'y- 
(ro)order 
GMS 327, 656 

7177 prn^y- 2 S 0-^_^I<J^O& 
parmay ©<* pardlupari-maya-, Parth. parmay- 

-^prmH'y 
(fo)think 
MDii pi 11.17 n 113; S W, C2 p73, 16; Hen. BBB 

77n 1 

7178 prm'yny B ^j 1 ** (u*> f*0 
parmene ? 

(a kind <?/)illness 
TSP 2.34 n pl69 

7179 prmh B => prm 1 

7180 prmw =* prm 2 

7181 prmyfi M => prymyS, pr'ym'yS 

7182 prn' B, S (uy ^^ j->)<^*> 'J 
farn ©Av. xvardnah =>tw } prn(y), frn, fn 
fortune, glory, majesty 

GMS 224 

7183 prn 2 B ^^ 
parn ©Av. pardna 



feather 

TSP 3.239; Mack. BSTBL pl46; W-Lii 

7184 prn»y>n B •***$** 
parnayan (prnyn) ^*prn > y« 

flying 

SCE 105; Mack, n p35 ; TSP 2.1111 

7185 prn* B £ S.**fj? 
parne ^z'r prn*k 

petal 

BSTBL, Dhy. 202; S W, BSOAS 1983, 44 

7186 *prn ) y- B jj^ 
parnay =>prn*y >n 

(ro)fly 

SCE p35-6, S W, C2 p76.15 

7187 prnVn =* prn'y'n 

7188 prn'yny =* pr'nyny 

7189 prn'z- B ox^io^^j^ 
parnaz -*n>j- 

(to)roll (return 

TSP 2.144, 213, prn'nh Hen. Texts. 716 

7190 prnprch S (jjJ)J*j&ix^&J 
farn- Pare ©f. adj. **frnPry 

happy 
GMS 1132 

7191 prnPyr^y B o^J->- i(<*IJ)x*aJ 
farn-Perte (prnPyrtk) ©OP vinda farna 

fortunate 

TSP 2.85, 17.17 etc.; voc. prnpyrt\ TSP 6.42, 126, 

176; BSTBL, Dhy. 13 

7192 prnpyrtk =* prnPyrt'y 

7193 prnYwn5y =* frnxwndy(y) 

7194 prnywnt'k 8 (o>> >^» j->)**^J 
farnxwande, farnxunde (prnywntk) 

©<*farnah-wantaka\ Av. xvardnahvant 

=»frnxwndy(y) 
fortunate, glorious 
VJ; SCE 490, 498; TSP; Frag. Len. 70.5; nom. 

prnVwnt'kw, VJ 1198, 1221; prnrwnt>w t VJ 

838 

7195 prnvwntk =» prnywn^k 

7196 prnm C -» pyrnm 

7197 prnnyrp*n B {oy y^> j->)^^ ^>j 
parnirvan ©<Skt. pari- nirvana 

salvation 




289 



prst'kOi) 



7198 prnp'r B 

parnpar (przp'r 2 ?) 



JJj«c-U 



cause 

BSTBL, Vim. 100; GMS 1446; S W, C2 pl83n 6 

7199 prnxwnt'ky'kh S(M) J*^J 
farnxundakya(k) (prnxwntky^h) 

^frnxwndky^h) 
gloriousness 
KG 336, 337 

7200 prnxwntky'kh => prnxwnt'ky^h 

7201 prnxwnty S oxj~J 
farnxunde 

fortunate 

Anc. Lett. 1.5.6, 3.9, 10, 62; CII 1990 Gl, 8 

7202 prp- C j^ ^lp^^UaIj 
parep ? =»pryp- 

(ro)lead, (ro)fetch, (ro)bring 
STSC 3a, BSTii; C2 gloss. p5323 ; prpu pt. inf. 
C2, 23R11 

7203 prs- B (0>>>^^)o-^>, 
prs, pars (pwrs-) ©<prsa- ^prs-, ps-\ 'ps- 1 
0o)ask 

GMS 145 

7204 prs' M ^ <o^ <o^U <oUj 
% parsa ?, parsa ©<Av. pdrdsu ©ace. f. 

hour, side 

GMS 138, 971; Hen. BSOAS 11312.99, 101 
n p3l6 

7205 prs'k B ^Lij^^U. 
parse ?, prsak ? -^prsy 

gratitude ? 

BSTBL, n pl6; Vim. 53 

7206 prs>kh B, M o> tj+ w 
parsak, parsak ©Khot. palsa ^prs* 

side, rib 

TSP 7.57 n p211 ; MSPbl47 

7207 prs'ym B J^^ <v~j>&*P* 
parsem ? ©<*samya =»prsym 

oppression, enquiry, punishment 
TSP 2.1149; S W, C2p56, 27 

7208 prsqy } C ^L^'<tr-oi 
parsakya 

question 

} z*n prsqy "confession", C2 gloss. & p63 ; STSC 
111 

7209 prsm- B, C ? JU jcjl*«?ujlJUoAM* 



O^U^i 



iSjy* «>mu--* 



parsam ? ©fsam-\ Khwar. sm- ©inf. - } y 

=^prs*ym 
(to)press ?, (to)rub ?, massage ? 
Dhy. 69; Benv. Notesii 22, Mack. BSTBL n p51 ; 

Sund. AI 28, 1488, 183 

7210 prst't- S =4 prsty- 

7211 prsty- S 
frastay ©pt. st. prstH 
(to)send 
Anc. Lett. 3.5, 1.12, 2.57 

7212 prsym C 
parsem ^prs'ym 
punishment, enquiry, judgement 
S W, C2 n p56, 12R27 

7213 prs- B u 
pa/ars ©pi. -/ ^kpt'prst, pst 1 

lip 

prst, GMS 357, 526; TSP 6.88; SCE 86 

7214 prs>y5- B, M &f±<&fjj 
parse8 ©<*pari-sadaya =»prsy6- 

(ro)settle down, (ro)lodge 

GMS 409n 1; Tales. 472.12; TSP 2.3; AVS 78 

7215 prsnx(y) M ^V^^^^ 
parsanx(e) ©pi. -t 

branch 

GMS 1142; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 145.2 

7216 prsp»r B «x^ , JUj& « jut, 

parspar (psp'ry) ©<*pari-spar- -^nspr- 

trampled 

TSP 13.3 n p226 

7217 prsprn M ^j ^L^ < JJ0 .>U 
parspar(a)n 

pavement 

GMS 1028; Hen. BSOAS 12, 307.25 

7218 prst-' S Cx^t/^J'JJ 
parast Cprst-) ©pt. st. -^prstk, pryz-, pryst- 2 
(ro)escape 

MDii pl72.3f. 6; Gersh. Advice. 88; CII 1990, 84 
E9 

7219 prst- 2 =» fst- 1 

7220 prst M kk =» prst>k(h), pst>q 

7221 prst'q M -» prst'kOO, pst>q 

7222 prst'kGi) B, M, S olj^- <c *-. 
parstak (prst'kk, prst'q) =>pst>q 
equipment, armour, outfit 



prsrt- 



290 



Sogdica. 60.2 n p61 ; TSP 6.190, 13.14 n p227 ; VJ 
39 c ; Hen. Tales. 486.12; JRAS 1944, 138.11; 
GMS 980; Frag. Len. 61.6 

7223 prst't- B, M j^/^uT 
parstat ©<*pari-stata ©pt. st. =^prst*y-, pst't- 
(/o)prepare 

GMS 562; TSP 13ii. 7, 13.14; prstWr-, perf. 
prst y ty\ inf. VJ 56; prstt, Anc. Lett. 2.7 apud. 
Hen. BSOAS 12, 604.7 

7224 prstWr- =» pst>t- 

7225 prst'tr M y^uT 
paristatar ©comp. adj. 

more ready 
GMS 531 n 1 

7226 prst*ty B, M, C eJ >u ,^U 
parstate ©pi. -t ^pst'ty 

ready, prepared 

GMS 842, 1285; Hen. BSOAS 11, 68.25, 12, 
307.59; STi 86.8 

7227 prst'y- B, M, C (jj^^j-, j>)o>J Jv>r<o>J*^ 
parstay ©<*pari-stdya- ©impf. pryst y y- 

^prst't-, pst*y- 
(to)prepare, (/o)make ready 
GMS 357, 562, 646, 650; TSP; Frag. Len. 75.2; 

Tales. 486.4 ; AYS 93 ; Sund. 1994, 45 

7228 prst J yny(y) M •JsJ'Cf 
parstene ©pi. -t 

preparing 

Sogdica. 52.3a, lb; GMS 895 

7229 prstk S ^^J 
paraste ©pi. -/ =#prst-', pryz- 

escaped 
MDii pi 72.4 

7230 prstrn B ( > ^J)VUij.J 
parstarn ©<*u/ pari-star-(a)na- 

rug, carpet 

VJ 847, 1128, 1367 ; TSP 8.198 n p219 ; GMS 1030 

7231 *prstrn- B ^s-f 
parstarn ©*upari-fstar- ©impf. pr*ystrn 

=*pr f str-, prstrt- 
(to)spread 
TSP 13.8 apud. S W, IIJ 1976, 54; Sund. AoF, 19, 

1992, 353-4 n 17 

7232 prstrt- B % ^^f 
parstart ©pt. st. ; inf. -y =»*prstrn- 
(rc)spread 

VJ847 



7233 prstt S ** prst't- 

7234 prst(y)- S, B d ^j 
frest ©pt. st. =»pryst-\ fryst- 

(to)send 

MDii pl23.10, 150.8; Frag. Len. 37.13 

7235 prsyS- M, S Cr-^w/jJ 
parse5 =*psyd-, pr^yS-, psyd'r- 

(/o)settle down, (to)sit down 

GMS 877 n 2; impf. prysyd, MDii B-18, 7 

7236 prt S jjb<jMT.U 
port ©f. -> 

full moon 
CII 1990 A6 

7237 prt'mch B ^U u L^ r <f ^S)^ <j^ 

partamc ©<*pari-tdmah =»pt*m 

diggy, unconscious 

VJ 205, 274, 1027, 1278, 1308; -cy, VJ 1081; Hen. 
apud. GMS 1003A 

7238 prtNv M (j>jL <j^jL <j*J>)j*-2»* ^ *c^y i < ^J' 
partu, partau ? ©pi. -/ 

bench 

Hen. Cosm. 307.38 n p309 

7239 prtm- B, S Jjl<c~ ^ 
fratam ©<*fra-tama ^'Ptrn-, ^rtm-, ^tm- 
first 

GMS 318, 1331; prtmw, Anc. Lett. 3.7; SCE 449; 
prtmy, TSP 2.14 

7240 *prtmcykw S ^^6 
fratam-clk 

first 

CII 1990 G7 p69 

7241 pr9ncn C " ,jo^<oV- 1 -' 
parOancan 

roof, awning 

BSTii 915.5; Benv. JA 1959, 124; S W, C2, 17V5 

7242 prtpd C *\fl 
P/partpa5 (brtpd, brtp9, brtwxt) =»brdpd, 

Prtp8 
informed 
Sund. AoFviii 1981, 28R 21 pi 99, 21 p202 n370 

7243 prtr 1 B, S (uy^ ^■■■■^ j->)j^ <>^ <>^ 
fratar ©<Av. fratara =»frtr, >Prtr 

better, more, rather 

VJ 231, 1328; TSP; BSTBL; SCE 338, 273; GMS 



291 



prw'nkCh) 



437; Frag. Len. ; Anc. Lett.; MD; Tales. 474.3, 
+flw- "to get better", +w>n- "to heal" 



>- t*j~i 



jj^^X^j^ 



<_P 



7244 prtr 2 B 
partar, pratar ©<0P partara 
battle 
TSP 13.13; SW.IIJ 1976,57 

7245 prtr- B, S 
partar (Sstprtr) ©impf. pr y ytr 

(to)dry up, 0<?)wipe off 

VJ 517, 585, 748, 35e, n p94, Frag. Len. 37, 16 

7246 prtrxs- S j*£ jj ^ > jy > 
partraxs ©*pari- traxsa; Av. Oraxta-, 

Paitturyxs- ©med. pass. st. =*ptr>nk, 

Ptrync- 
GcObe oppressed 
Mack. AI 25, 424.4 n p427 

7247 prtry S •>.j^« ( y>-»» 
fratare ©adv. 

especially 

BBB%100 e8.3 ; GMS 437 n % MDii 

7248 prtry'kh B, S ^^ <J**>rj ^Jy. 
frataryak ©La =*frtry> 

improvement, furtherance, increase 
TSP 6.192; GMS 437; MDii 1.1, 16; KG 334, 393, 
533, 546, 568 

7249 prtw C -u*> <c-,> OUj 
par(a)tu ©<*upa-ratu 

time, occasion 

BSTii 829.20, 892.17; C2 gloss.; Sund. AoFiii 

1975 p67.2 ; S W, BSOAS 1983, 49, Yrf prtw 

"many times" 

7250 pr8w J yq C *^A >' <t/>, 'tf^, 
parBawIk ©<OP parOava ©ob. pi. -ty 

^pyr'wWk 
Parthian 
BSTii 902.8: C2, 56V10 

7251 pr9wty C *>j(J>«»J'^a<4^^ 
parGute ©pp. =*pr5wty- 

burned, signed 
BSTii 887.6: C2, 91R6 

7252 prtxyz- M (y^yj>j'^)«^i 
par(a)- taxez 

after sunset 

Sogdica. 25.26; GMS 1142; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 
1945, 143.3 

7253 pr8ync- C ^ 
parOenj ©impf. pryOync =*pr5 } ync- 



*>j% 



o->j^~**f 



Go )st retch 

BSTii 875.19: C2, 66V19 

7254 prBynq C 
parGing ©pi. -t ^pr6 J nk(h) 
curtain 

BSTii 90421; STSC 106; C2, 57R21 

7255 prw 1 (o>> >^ ^)>> ^ , ^k 
paru, parew ©<*upari-avam ^pr'w 1 , *prw 2 , pr 

to it, to the, for, in, on 
GMS 1432, prww t KG 2358 

7256 prw 3 M j^li^^^ij^ 
paru ©<*aparam ^'prw 1 , ^pr'w 

the last, latter, then 

GMS 86, 1142; Hen. JRAS 1942, 242 f n 

7257 prw 3 (jy* ^l±~> j^^aA 
parew ©<par-ew ©adv. & postp. =»pr*yw, 

pr'w 2 , *pryw 
together 
GMS 132; BBB b8; TSP 2.1137; C2 gloss.; prwK 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.43 

7258 prw»c- B 
parwac (prw'c-) ^prw*k ()) 
(ro)slander 
GMS 666; SCE 81; TSP 6.54, 7.43; AVS 118 

7259 prw"^ B f u^o, 
parwak (prw'k) ©<*para-, upariSwalc 

-»prw*c- 
calumny, slander 
GMS 666; Gersh. Minorsky. Mem. 284n 54; SCE 

440, 549; BSTBL, Dhu. 133; TSP 7.45 

7260 prw w r B £jj~ <<^* <<jkyr 
parwar (prw*r) ©ob. -y 

discharge, flow 

STii 8.34, 10.20, 21, 30 ; BSTBL, Vim. 77; Dhy. 6, 
280 

7261 prwY- B jxii^ <j*f ij ^ -^ JJ3 
parway (prw J y-) ©<*pari-way *»prwyt-, 

ptw J y- 
(to)wrap up 

GMS 570 n 1; SCE 324; TSP 3.229; Bailey. HMV 
30 

7262 prw'c- B ^ prw*c- 

7263 prw>k B =* prw»k c>) 

7264 prw J nk(h) S <ur^ «uUjU-l oL-l £_j^>* ^j^t 
parwane ©Pahi parwanag 

records, document, permission 



prw 'PZY 



292 



MDii pl81.5n pl83 ; MDiii n p97 

7265 prw >PZY B, S (j>>>^>OUj 
paruti =*p>rwty, pr*w>PZY 

for, because 

7266 prwV B => prw'r 

7267 prwVt' B >> <(^t=Oj-*» 
parwart 

chapter, scroll 

SCE 571; TSP 2.601, 1232, 5.1, 188, 9.103, 104; 
STii 8.8; BSTBL, Intox. 32 ; Hen. Texts 721 

7268 prw'rt 2 B cS^^f 
parwart ^prw'rth 

turning, turn 

BSTBL, Dhy. 58; Benv. Notesii 319 

7269 prw'rt- B, S j^l^ j^&J'^ 'j^j *o-*t*^ 

(J>> 
parwart ^prw'yrt-, prw*st-, prwrt- 
OcOturn, OcOchange, (ro)become 
TSP; BSTBL, Vim. 90, 72; Intox. 10; inf. prw'rty, 
TSP 2.891, 3.245; AVS 77, 78 

7270 prw'rth B j/J><^- 
parwart ^prw'rt 2 

change 
TSP 2.131 

7271 prw'rtn rwc S eU (^ J> Jjj Ojj ji->jj^ 
frawartin roc ^Prw'rtn rwc 

the ninteenth day of the month 
MDiii pl26 

7272 prwVz B J'ju.^Jm&'^tJ 
parwarz ©Parth. prwrz- 

care 

TSP 8.199n p217 

7273 prw'st- B o^J'^rJ <o*k^s. <o*>^ 
parwast ©pt. st. =*prwst-, prwrt-, prw'yst- 2 , 

prw'rt- 
(fo)turn, (/exchange, (ro)translate 
VJ 1107; TSP 8.177; Frag. Len^ Sogdica. 61, 26, 

prw'rst, TSP 2.1235; AVS 111 

7274 prVstSV- B, S o* ? f 
parwast-5ar- ©perf. st. =*prw*st- 

(ro)turn 

BSTBL, Intox. 38; Frag. Len. 93.16 

7275 *prw > stw , xs ) k M 4?^^)? ^j> oMe j <ol**rJ 

parwast-waxse ©pi. -w*Pyt 
interpreter 



JJ'J^j 



cr- J, 1 



Cf} >> < jiL* 



apud. Sund. KG 330 pl87 

7276 prwNv'k B => prwy'w'k, pryWk 

7277 prw'y- B ** prw»y- 

7278 prw'yck' B 
parwick ? ©<OP paruva- 

from early, previous 
GMS 976 n 1 ; SCE 65, 562 

7279 prw'yS' M 

parwe5 =*prwydy, prwyd-, prwy6- 

demand, seeking 
Hen. Tales. 483.16 

7280 prw'yS 2 B 
par-we5 (prwyS, pr*ywy5) -*prywy5 
to it, in 
TSP 3.102, 7.194 

7281 prw y y5- B, S ija\ iJ >to*J , J&*io*^ 

parwe5 ©<*pari-vaid ^Prw'yS-, prwy6- 
(rcOseek, (fo)look for, (/o)demand 
GMS 586; Gersh. AHM 263; Hen. Tales. 484; 
TSP 2.607 & etc.; SCE 45, 53 & etc.; STii 10.12, 
1.53, 59, 6.4; perf. st. prw^ySt&r-, TSP 9.111; 
AVS 115 

7282 prw>y«>k B j>j£ ty*-*- 
parweSe, parwe8ak =>prwy5*k 

search 

STii 102; Frag. 2a.8 ; TSP 13.24 

7283 prw'yd'r- C !»Jy*-~- 
parweSar (prw'ystS'r-, prw'yStS'r-) ©perf. st. 

0o)seek 
STi 19.10 

7284 prw'yfitS'r- -» prw'yd'r- 

7285 prw'yrt B aJub^S*^ fXA±j~z 
parwert 

converter 
SCE 483 

7286 prw'yrt- B, M, S to*^<*3rJ io*kj~jJ toxb^j. 

parwert ©<*pari-wartaya- ©impf. pr (>) ywyrt 
^prw'yst- 2 , prwyrt- 

(to)transform, (^translate, (ro)convert 
GMS 543 

7287 prw'yst- B o^yy^r 
parwist ©pt. st. ^prw'yS- 

0o)seek 



293 



prwyj- 



TSP 8.1 97; perf. St. prw'ystS'r, TSP 9.113; GMS 
950; A VS 111 

7288 prw'yst-* B o*b/^ 
parwist ©pt. st. ^prw'yrt-, prw'st-, prwyrt- 

(/<?)tranform, (ro)translate 
TSP 8.197 

7289 prw'ystSV- =$ prw , yd , r- 

7290 *prw'z C <? jbjl 

parwaz ? 

winged ? 

apud. S W, C2 p83, 39R, 2, 4 

7291 prwgy'q C ^^j 

frugiyak 
Phrygian 

C2, 56V7 

7292 prwh M =* prw 3 

7293 prwn'tr =* p^wn'tr 

7294 pr\yt- (oy> j;<** y)jd£ j>i&±>£ ijd? 
parwart ©<*pari-warta ©impf. prywrt 

=»prwst-, prwyst-, prw'rt-, prywrt-, prwyt J k 

(rcOturn, 0<?)return, (to)become, (ro)revolve 
GMS 543, 585, 624; TSP; KG; MSP bl8 ; BBB 
b52 ; C2 gloss. p95 

7295 prwrt>k S(MD) «* prwrtk ? 

7296 prwrtq C =* prwrty(y) 

7297 prwrtkty S ■ j/ *^s 
frawart-kate ^frwrtqty 

grave 

STSC 132.15 

7298 prwrty S(M) ^YJ<J*jJ 
frawarti 

Faravashi 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 137n 7; GMS 1657 

7299 prwrty(y) M j*^ t^ji t*** 
parwarte (prwrtq) 

time, turn, turning ? 

BBB; GMS 902, 962, 1327; C2, 48V 21; prwrtw, 
Sund. AoFviii 1981 pi 79, 21R 21 

7300 prwsc* M <-f ^ 
parwasc(a) ©<*pari-wrsta-ci ©f. pp. 

*=>prwsty(y) 
turned 
GMS 1272; S W, RL 1984 p207 

7301 prwst- B, M o^J^^j^jt 
parwast ©pt. st. ^prw^t-, prwrt-, prwyrt- 



0o)turn 

GMS 585; TSP 12.74 

7302 prwstr C oy^^*J^ 
parustar ? ©adv. 

already 

BSTii 832.11; Benv. JA 1955, 302; C2 pi 78, 
104R11 

7303 prwsty(y) M ^ y 
parwaste ©pp. ^prwsc* 

turned 
GMS 14 

7304 prwty =» pr>w>PZY 

7305 prwy B .L=il<^ 
farwe ? =»prwy, frwy 

illusion 

TSP 2.86 n pl69 

7306 prwy'w'k B J^'jjjT 
f/parwyawe ? (prwWk) 

desire 

TSP 2.214, 1052 ; Hen. Texts. 734 

7307 prwyS B -» prw*y8 2 , prWyS 

7308 prwy5- B, M, S $-*?&£ j*^- 
parweS -^prw'yst- 1 , prw'yS 1 , prwyd-, prw'y5- 
GcOseek, 0o)look for 

GMS 586; BSTBL, Dhu. 136; MDii B-4V1 

7309 prwyd- C o>/y*^ 
parweS ©impf. prywyd =»prwyst-, prw'yS 1 , 

prwyS- 
(/o)look for, (to)sczk 
C2, 111V2, 11R25; Sund. AoFi 1974, 6V16 

7310 prwy5>k B j.%- <y*^ 
parweSe (prwy5y(y)) =»prwydy, prw^S'k 
striving, search 

GMS 962, 1528a ; TSP 13, 24 

7311 prwydy C >*=~=r- 

parweSe ^prwyS'k 
search 

C2, 11R23 ; GMS962, 1528a 

7312 prwy5y(y) M =^ prwy5*k 

7313 prwyj- 1 M o>Wip <oxtj3j, 
parwez ©<*pari ; -warzaya- ©trans, v. 

=^prw*rz 
(ro)feed, (ro)raise 
GMS 190, 548 ; BBB p77, 628; AVS 82 

7314 prwyj- 2 M o^^jj^ 
parwez ©<*pari~~wfzya ©intrans. v. 



prwyj'mndy 



294 



=^prwyj- 
G<?)be fed, (ro)be raised 
BBB 628 p77 

7315 prwyj'mndy M V^~<i>jj^ 
parwezamande 

alimentation 

GMS 1100; BBB 628 

7316 prwypty M ^jsj, 
parwezate ©pp.; pi. -t 

nourished 
GMS 536 

7317 prwyjnyy M Sy^^m, 
parwezne ©trans, pres. part. 

nourishing 

GMS 894; BBB 628 

7318 prwyjynyy M •aic-yr <*asjj.^ 
parwez£ne ©intrans. pres. part. 

nourished 

GMS 894; BBB b88 

7319 prwyrt- B, M o>J*Zryib>\>^iox\>£(J) 
parwert ©impf. pr l)) ywyrt -^prw^rt-, 

prw'yst- 2 
GcOturn, (/^transform, (ro)translate 
GMS 543; BBB f60, 58, 68 b52 ; SCE 56a, MSP 

b!6 



7320 prwyrt'y B 


*s 


parwcrte 




turning 




BSTBL, Dhy. 82, 83 




7321 prwyrtnyh M ojub^f ^ i*xa* JUsI 


parwertne 




transferring 




GMS 892 




7322 prwyst- C 


ozj'ys^r 


parwist ©pt. st. 




(ro)Iook for 




past. inf. C2, IV 10 




7323 prwyst- M, C 


oxkf(J) 


parwest ©pt. St.; perf. prwystS y r- 


=*prw>yrt- 


(to)change 




GMS 570 




7324 prwysn M 


IflJjl At i^ij J* 


parwes(a)n =*prywysn 




in these, to these 




GMS 1449 




7325 prwyt- M, C 


^li^ 


parwit ©pt. st. «*prw*y- 





(ro)envelop 

GMS 570; perf. prwyfr, STi 19.15; AVS 94 

7326 prwyt'k M, S oJ ^ 
parwite (prwyty) ©pp. =*prwrt-, prwrtk ? 
rolled, wound 

GMS 570; MDiii; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 28R 7 
pl99 

7327 prwyty C =» prwyt'k 

7328 prxm M jXi 
prax/hm ? ©<Parth. brhm 

form 

Sund. KG 486; MSP b65 

7329 prxs- M, C qj^Sj tox^l 
paraxs (pr J xs-) ©impf. p } rxs =^prys- 

(to)bt left, (ra)remain 
GMS 177, 529, 616; BSTii 831.22, 846.28: C2, 
48R7, 102V22; Frag. Len. 77V8 

7330 prxs'y- S j^^^ t^J'dy^'^j^J^J'^ 
par(a)xsay ? ©*pari-xsai ^prysyny ?, 

prxsy>qc 
Go)lament, (to)cry 
MSP impf. pryxPy bl69 p51 ; S W, BSOAS 1981, 

240.9 

7331 prxsy'qc C • J £i«JU 
parxsyakc ? ©<xsi- krti --^prxs'y- 

plaint, lamentation 

STii 3.53; GMS 1002 ; Gcrsh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 
141 

7332 prxw'y- C <u-3w <<>^fjU^ < o^TjUl 
parxway (prxwy-) 

(/<?)tread, (/eOtrample 

STi 34.5; BSTii §27.52: C2, 94V23; Benv. JA 
1959, 130; BSL 52, 42; AVS 95 

7333 prxwy- => prxw*y- 

7334 prxy(y) M, C, S (^ ^^k^o^l 
parxe ©<*paxre\ sTxri =*pryy 

wage, reward 

BBB; Tales. 466.14, 488n 5; GMS 966; STii 6.14; 
Hen. BSOAS 1965, 246 n 29, CII 1990 E16 

7335 prxyz- M o*Jy^^ <■ o>J*J** ioz^^<x>- 
parxez 

Observe, Go)abstain 

Gersh. BSOAS 14.288ff ; BBB f91 

7336 prxz'm'nt'kw M 

parxezamande/ak(u) ? =*prxyz 
sequence ?, deportment ? 



? jUsj S. J* 3J S. , 



> 



295 



prycyy 



SCE 153 

KG 487 pl96f ; S W, Apd. 3.4.1 

7337 pry- B, S (ojz* j^> j^c^^y^y- 
frl (pr'y) ©ace. -vt> ; inst. -\ voc. ->, -/i ; pi. -r ; 

in compd. =»fry(y)-, pryh, pryt 
dear, friend 
VJ ; TSP 7.134, 146, 21 iii 15 ; SCE; MDii; KG; 

Frag. Len ; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.12; Anc. Lett. 

1.1; pryw y VJ liu2, 1381; TSP 326 SCE 56; 

Frag. Len. 9.17; MDii p208 

7338 pry w PYwn»k B l>,^ibc^>» 
friyaPyone 

lovely 

Mack. BSTBL, Dhy. 207 p59 ; Benv. Notesi 47; 

Notesii 230 ; GMS 202n 1 ; Gersh. Indo-Iranica 

86n 27 ; BSTBL, pry'fiyn'k ? 

7339 pry B pr , ys > k B j^>* 'C-^Oj^ 
friy- ajiraxse 

sensual, liking sensuality 

SCE 3*17; Frag. 5.11, S W, IIJ 1976, 49 

7340 pry»y S, B ^<^^ 
priyay ? 

trouble 

Sund. MHC 27.3 n 46; pry y y>y, TSP 2, 1087 

7341 prySrHvpt B c^^j^jjbcjj 
friya-8ruPd, friya-zuPd ^Sr'wPtC-) 

dancing (aniliking dancing, dance loving) 
SCE 123 

7342 pry >krt- B, S ^b^j. 
frl (o)krt- 

GcOlove 

TSP 2.65; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.12 

7343 pry ^yr^mny B (c^jJc^)<o^jc^"<©ly^c* J _U--' 
friy- anyramne 

slanderer (liking slandering) 
SCE 145 

7344 pry'nh prytmh B, S o\y_y- jLjJty- 
friyan-fritam (pry*n prytm) =*pryt 

dearest 

VJ 251.300, 1149; Tales. 483, 11.12; GMS 1207 

7345 pry'n prytm =^ pry'nh prytmh 

7346 pry 'sprym'k B jljf <c~.>>jf 
friy-asprayme 

flower fan, flower lovzrQiking flowers) 
SCE 138 

7347 pryWk B ^^^ <j_lp <cJL*a 
friyawe (pry'w'k, prwWk) ^pry'wy, fry J wy 



love, lust 

TSP 2.352, 904, 7.179; VJ 1061; SCE 59, 309, 320; 

BSTBL, Dhu. 45, Dhy. 273, 39, Vim. 12; 

prwVA, TSP 2.214, 1052; STii 10.3 

7348 pry> w'ys B ^^JjI^^j^** 
friya-waxs 

speech fzxAliking speech) 
SCE 314 

7349 pry'w'k =* pry'w'k 

7350 pry'wr C ^Jeltdyl^, 
pariyawar ©<*pari-d-wara, Av. pairi-vara 
surrounding area, vicinity 

BSTii 842, 8, 872.5: C2 gloss, n p51.11 

7351 pry'wy B, S ol^ 
friyawe ^pryWk 

love 

BSTBL, Dhy. 39; GMS 1082; MSP b79 



t£L*ij^j> 



,1 *to iS^ 



jl^j 



*j> 



7352 pryVn'k B 
pariyayne 
painful 

TSP 2.423 n pl75; S W, apud. MHC p27 n 46 

7353 pryVy B ^><£o 
pariyay ?, paryaye ? ^pry'yWk, pry*y 

pain 

TSP 2.1087 n pl75, 183 

7354 pry'znth B jljl jiU <o~.>>jl/f 
fri-azont 

music fan, singing fanQiking song) 
SCE 122 

7355 pryby C =* pryPyy 

7356 prypyr B, M, S «* prP>yr-, pr'ypyr- 

7357 prybyr- C =* prbyr- 

7358 pryPyy M J 
paripe ? (pryby) ^pr'yP*k 

cloud 

BBB; GMS 202; Sund. AoFiii 78, 18V 17 

7359 pryc- M, C, S j£.\j£j\ i io*J'\&jioiJ'Sj 
parec ©impf. p*ryc ^pr'yt- 2 , pr*yc-, pryt- 
(ro)leave, (ro)let 

GMS 448, 591, 723; MDii; STi apud. Sund. AoFi 
3V9 ; C2 gloss. 3sg. pres. pryst, 68R1 

7360 prycyy M oxJ'Sj 
parece ©pres. part. 

leaving 

GMS 899 



pry Sn^yn'k 



296 



-\5i 



JJ^^i, 



7361 pry 6m } ytA B _,j/ 
fri Samene 

liking breaking wind 
SCE 153 

7362 pry 8r ) wnp ) 5 ) y B <jj'-uL* >o->> 
fn-5ronpa9e 

bowing fanQiking archery) 
SCE 

7363 pryfd'r- C =* pryft>r- 

7364 pryft- C (<J->^«/ s**)a>J \^^h 
parift, parifld ©pt. st. ^pr'yp- 

Go)lead, Oo)take(away) 
BSTii: C2 gioss. 

7365 pryftY- M, C CvJ'&^h 
pariftar (pryfd'r-) ©perf. st. -*pryft- 
(ro)lead 

STii 26; Hen. BBB p96, b72; GMS 457n 1 ; AoFiii 
p77.3 

7366 pryfty C 
parif te, paripde ©pp.; pi. -t 
led, taken 

BSTii 843.25: C2, 68R17, 25 

7367 pryyw'r'y B 
fri- xware 

gurmandione who likes eating) 
SCE 290 

7368 pryh B, S 
fri =>pry- f fry(y)- 
dear 

voc. VJ 309, 905, 1074; ace. VJ 1103; nom. TSP 
2.65 ; MDii No. 3R 7 

7369 pryq C ^_j <^*u «juU 
parek ©pi. -r ; ob. -ty ^pr'yk 

remainder, left over, other 

BSTii 867.45, 866.9: C2, 27V 16, 27R9 

7370 prykr'k B v lL <^kc~<>> 
frikare ©Skt. priyakara 

pleasant 

Padm. 32; BSTBL; GMS 1122, fry+Jcare 

7371 prym'nt M, C W*J (JfL* V— ' j*-'-* 
parimsnd ^pr'ym'nt, prymynd 

to the, for those 

GMS 1487; BSTii: C2 gloss. 

7372 prymy5 B, M, S ( J>> _^A* jj)j>J+ *yj ds. 
parime/10 (prymySS) ©<*upari+(myd) 

^pr'ym'yS, yd 
for it, to it, with it 



JL? 



GMS 1404, 1482; BSTBL; STii 8.5 ; Frag. Len. ; 
MDii; BBB 552; KG ; prymyySS, W-Lii 

7373 prymy58 M =* prymyS 

7374 prymyd/9 C (oy ^±* j^^.'jJ Jy 
parime5, parimiO (prtoyS, prmyS, prymyS) 

for it, to it, with it 

BSTii: C2 gloss.; STi ; STii 6.29, 42; Sund. AoFvii 

1981 p217 

7375 prymynd M Wj'^'W^Wji 
parimsnd ^prynVnt 

to these, for these, with these 
GMS 1404, 1487, 1627; BBB b74 

7376 prymyB C ^ prymyd/0 

7377 pryng 1 M jUa j>> o^ jf ju*J 
paring ©<Av. sparqha ^pr'ynk 1 

part of the face, around the mouth 
Sogdica. 6.7; GMS 976A; Benv. TSP 211.55 

7378 pryng 2 M i^Jd^y^^j^^s^J 1 ^*^^ 
paring ©MP paring ^pr'ynk' 
monochrome damask 

Hen. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 151 

7379 pry nysy'rkr'y B c^^J^ijlJ^ 
fri-naxsir-kare 

hunting f&nQilcing hunting) 
SCE 136 

7380 pryp- B, M, C j^ *y>- L < js£ *o>J' ( js*j 
parep ©<*pari-apaya-, Parth. pry% Khot. 

parev =>prp-, pr>yp- 
(ro)lead, (fcOtake away 
GMS 205, 588; BBB b72; Hen. Tales. 486; TSP 

2.1192; Frag. Len. 48.2; BSTii: C2, 87R15, 

102V23 

7381 prypd'r- -> pryft>r- 

7382 pry ptywn'k B o->>jUif tJcJif ^oi^ 
fri-patxone 

killing fdinQiking killing) 
SCE 52 

7383 prys- M, C, S (Jjz*^zj~j j^o-^j 
pares ©<*para-isa- ^pr'yt- 1 , pr'ys- 
(ro)reach 

GMS 539, 729; BBB ; Hen. Tales. 469.28, pryys-, 
BSTii: C2 gloss.; MDii p208 

7384 prys- S o&**j 
fres ©<*fra-aisaya\ OP frdisaya ©impf. pr*sy 

^pr'ys- 1 , frys-, pr } ys-, pr*yst-, pr>sy- 

(ro)send 

MDii p207 ; KG p!87 



297 



pry wn- 



7385 prys'yq C (&J* r^ ^is-tJ 
fresik ? 

farise 

GMS 996; STi 45.11, 67.12, 68.18 & etc. 

7386 pryst C =* pryc- 

7387 pryst- 1 S 0&<*J 
frest ©pt. St. =*fryst-, pr'sy-, pr'yst-, prst(y)- 
(to)smd 

MDii p207 ; Anc. Lett. 2.31, 35, 38; AVS 136 

7388 pryst- 2 S, C fj'&J'jJ 
parist ©<*apa-rasta ©pt. St. -»pryz-, pr^t-, 

prst- 1 

Oo)escape 

apud. Hen. BSOAS 12, 612 n 5 ; STii 4.38 

7389 pryst'y- M, C o^<oU7 
paristay ©impf. =>prst>y-, pst*y- 
OcOprepare 

GMS 624; Sogdica. 52.2a ; STii 6.16; BSTii 875.50: 
CI, 54V20, 68V8 

7390 prysty S 
freste 
messenger 
MDii p207 

7391 pry sw'm'k B 
fri-sawame 
walking fanQiking walking) 
SCE 289 

7392 pryt S jUj* 
frit ©pl. ; ob. pi. -ty ^pry*nh prytmh, pry- 
dears 

GMS 1251 

7393 pryG- C ^j 
pareO ©<para~da6aya =*pry9t-, pr*y5- 
Oo)sell 

BSTii 890.58: C2, 60V26 pl48 ; Benv. JA 1955, 
315; Sund. AoFi 1975 p253, lOii R 7 

7394 pryt* ? S 
paret 
post ? 
MDii pl51.10; MDiii p79.10 

7395 pryt'tc'n S 
fritatcan ©fritat-t(a)c-an\ Av. tak- 
lovely 
MSP b95 p51 

7396 prytmh S 
fritat ©ob. -yh ^pryt'tCt) 



(<ii^3)^-C^ io*\z**j9 



iSSJ*^ j'->v^w>> ijX3jo\j jiU- 



*• ±>J>< 



cr^-* 3 



? jl^^oU* 



<J^ 



love 

MDii Nov. 3R10; KG 417, 610 

7397 pryt't(t) B 
fritat =^pryt>th, fryyt't 
love 
SCE 306; GMS 1074 

7398 prytk'wsn'k B 
fri-takosne 

ogler(one who likes looking) 
SCE 314 

7399 prytm(h) B, S ju»"JD* 
fritam (frytm) ©<*friya-tama ^pr'yttr 
dearest 

VJ 252, 300, 1149; GMS 494 

7400 pry tnpV S J3ji y tc^^y «z~*j>d± 
fri-tambar 

lazyQiking body) 
MSP bl88 

7401 pryBt- j^jj 
pari/eOt ?, pariOit ? ©<para-da0aya ©pt. St. 

^pr'yS-, pr*8t-, pry9- 
(ro)sell 
STi 9.7; apud. GMS 122n 1 *pry0tyt 

7402 pryBync- C o>j-f 
pariGenc ©impf. =>pr0ync- 

OcOstretch 

BSTii 875.19, 66V 19 

7403 pry w 1 M, B .1^** & 
parew ©<*upari-aiva ©postp. ^pr'yw, >pryw 
with, together 

GMS 132, 1622-4; TSP 2.1195, 3.220 

7404 pryw 2 C uL*<oU, 
paryu, parew ©<*upari- ayam ^prw 1 

to him, on it, towards him 
GMS 1496 ; STi; BSTii: C2 gloss. 

7405 pryw 3 =$> pry- 

7406 pry wVyn'y B j^li I J<i ^<^A * jl < j^£ 
fri-warayne 

liking hunting with falcon 
SCE 134 

7407 prywj- M o^J'^a ^jijj^, 
paryoz ©Parth. prywj- 

GcObe victorious 

GMS 669; Sogdica. 16.9; Hen. ZII 9.238 

7408 pry wn- B, S jsibc-j* 
friwan- 

0<?)love 
SCE 521-2 



prywnt 



298 



7409 prywnt C, B ( j^ ^j jjjjl^ ^ U o*l -o 
pariwand ^pr'yw'nt, prywynd 

to, on it,on/to them 

GMS 107, 1404, 1460, TSP 7.33 ; STi; STii ; BSTii: 
C2 gloss. 

7410 prywr S ^ pry'wr 

7411 prywrt M =* pr'ywrt- 

7412 prywyS B, M, S (j^ ^^ j-OjJ^jJ ^^J* 
pariwe5, pariwiO (prywyd, prywy55) 

^pr'yw'ySh, prywyO, pr , w > y8, pr 

to/for/in(/7), according to 

GMS 1453, 1627; S W, C2 pi 16.10 

7413 prywyd C =¥ prywy5 

7414 prywyd- C =* prwyd- 

7415 prywy86 M =» prywy5 

7416 prywynd M \&)j**j>Jj> 
pariwond =*prywnt 

in, lo(them) 

GMS 107, 1404, 1460 

7417 prywyrt =$ pr*ywyrt- 

7418 prywysn M {&} J >( i yJ J > 
pariwcs(a)n =»prwysn 

for, to(it, them) 

GMS 1449; BSOAS 12, 307.161 

7419 prywyB C l^T^J^ 
pariwi0/c0 ? =>prywy5, pr'yw'ySh 

in it, there 

STi 81, 11- STii 6.31, GMS 1453 

7420 pryymy85 M -» prymy5 

7421 pryys- M => prys- 

7422 pryz- C a^J* 'tej'jj 
parez ©<*pari-razaya- ©impf. p>ryz 

=*pryst-\ prst- 1 
0o)escapc, (^)flee 
C2, 94R, 25, 51V28; Hen. Cosm. 612 

7423 pryz'mnty C jt^ <JJ 
parezamande 

flight, fleeing 
C2, 61V16 

7424 przfr B, S jj^s «^jujLa ^Li 
parz|3ar 

likeness, parable 

Vim. 97, BSTBL; Frag. Len. 68.12 

7425 przbr C Jju< UUj 
parzJ3ar ©pi. -/ 



parable 

STi 19.14, 11.4, 73.19, 74.1, 75.12; Sund. AoFiii 
p69, 16R 4, V2;C2 gloss. 

7426 przy'm B, S ^Lj ^>uf 
parzyam 

absolutely, entirely 

SCE 461; TSP 2.341, 9.9a, BSTBL, ne przVm 
"not at all"; Frag. Len. 38.10, 92.7 

7427 przpV B c^p-fc^ 
parzpar 

straight 
VJ 167 

7428 przpV 2 ? B =» prnp>r 

7429 przr (uy> >^* >>)^j < J~- 
parzar 

extremely, very much, excessive 

BBB f 5; BSTBL, Padm. 55; VJ 39 etc.; TSP ; STii 

4.37; KG 329; SCE 379; Frag. Len. ; MDii; C2 

gloss-, MSP e2 

7430 ps- 1 o^jl 
pa/os ©<prsa- ©impf. ps> ^ps'tS'r-, 'prs-, 

prs-, 'ps- 1 
(ro)ask 
GMS 145; BSTBL, Dhu. 115; STi 75.15; Sund. 

AoFiii 1975 p66.16, 8; BSTii: C2 glossy MSP a5 

c9 ; CII 1990, 85; AVS 127 

7431 ps-' B, M, C jljl-/ 
pas ©<Av. pasu ©ace. psw; nom. psy(y) 

^ps- 2 , psw 
sheep, cattle 
GMS 953; VJ; BBB 

7432 ps* C J^_* Jsje jl t< j 3 ^ 4cr j 
pasa (ps>h) | 

then, afterwards, on the other hand 
STii; BSTi 14a, C2 glossy BBB 656 

7433 ps>h M -* ps> 

7434 ps'q C =* ps>k 

7435 ps'k M (^TLJ.-J^^jf ^-uU^t«jf £ l- 
p(s)sak (ps>q) ©<Av. pusa-ka-; MP pwsg 

©pi. _/ =»>ps>k(h) 

garland, crown 

Hen. BSOAS 11, 74.14, 15; LW 48; C2, 48V25; 
GMS 171 

7436 ps'kyc M (*-ft~>: L s>j^>)J-*(J#?*\* 
pasakic ©Uigh. pPkyc 

fourth month of the year 



299 



pswxs- 



Hen. JRAS 1945, 149.5, 151.18 

7437 ps , t5 , r- M jx-. >T 
pasat-Sar (pst'r-) ©perf. st. «>ps-\ psd'r- 
(ftf)ask 

GMS 536 

7438 psNv- M, S, B (j^jQ^jc^^ji/^ 
pasaw ^ps^v- 

(to)touch 

GMS 571; TSP 15.8; SCE 87; BBB 490, 663; Frag. 
Len. 81, 6, 12 

7439 ps'wyty S ajiUXL <^^jl& i^Jii* 
pasuyde ©pp. 

sacred, purified 
MSP b84 

7440 ps'wt- M o*/^ 
pasut ©pt. st. 

(untouch 

BBB p72.576; perf. st. ps } wt5 } r-> pp. ps*wty, 
Fr<\g. Len. 81.7 

7441 psd*r- C o*~*j, 
pss5ar- (pst'r-) ©perf. st. -^ps'tS'r- 

(r<9 )ask 

STi 67.14; Sund. AoFiii p66.8 ; GMS 457 n 1 5 
AVS 127 

7442 psknt C ^1^ 
paskand =»psknt 

havoc 

Frag. 6.8 apud. S W, IIJ 1976, 49, 50n 37 

7443 psqpy C % jj Ut \ 
paskupe (pswqpy) ^'psqwp 1 

bishop 

BSTii: C2 gloss. 

7444 psm'r B faJL* ^y)<! ^ 
(o)p(a)smar ? -^'psm'r 

(name of an)illness, epilepsy ? 
TSP 22.18 

7445 pspy- B a>^j<^Lu'j>> 
paspay ©<*Av. apa-spaya- ©impf. p*spy 

=»>pspy-, >pysp>y 
(/cOthrow away, (to)reject 
BSTBL, Dhu. 94 ; Benv. Notesi 33; TSP 5.72; Frag. 

Len. 85, 3, inf. pspy y y 

7446 pst'n C =» pstn- 

7447 pst'r- C =* psd>r- 

7448 pstkVk M j&tjfJLf 
past- kare (pstq'ryy) ©<*upasta-karaka- 



^'pstkVk 
helper 
Hen. Tales. 486.20; GMS 552n 1, 663, 1125 

7449 pstq'ryy *> pstk'r'k 

7450 pstn— B, S, C j^j t^t* t*S^j* t\J&y i ^-^ 
pastan (pst>n) ©<*apa- stana ©f. nom. ; ace. 

-h, -> ; pi. -/ =^>pw pstnh, >pstnh 
delay, time, respite, postponement 
GMS 89; VJ 561, 724; STii 2.14; Frag. Len. 27.3, 

8 ; C2, 17R4, 51R27, 54R14 

7451 pstw- C jj^aj < jjjfj&l 
pastaw ©<*apa-stav- ©impf. pPstw-, pt. st. 

pstwH -^ps^w- 
(to)disown, (ro)deny 
STi 10.14, 13.9; AoFi 225, 3; AoFiii 76. p>st*n 

Sund. AI 28, 1988, 183; perf. pstwd } r- y STi 

58.3; GMS 89, 575 

7452 pstxwmp- =* fstxwmp- 

7453 psw B, C JUL./ 
pasu -» J ps-, ps- 2 

cattle, sheep 

VJ 87, 164, 57 d ; Sund. AI 28, 1988, 183, psw stwr 

7454 pswc- M <j^«-$\ 
pasoc ©<*apa-sauca ^'ps'wc- 

(fo)purify, 0o)clcan 

GMS 89, 591 ; Hen. Cosm. 311,67, 2sg. impf.; BBB 
f87 ; AVS 73 

7455 pswys- B 0-^^tOJ^j^jj 
pasuxs ('pswys-, pswxs-) 

0o)clean up, (to)bc cleaned 
GMS 89, 825; TSP 3.280 

7456 pswyt- M o^J'^ 
pasuyd Opswyt-) ©pt. st. 

OcOpurify, (fo)clean up 
GMS 591 ; BBB f87 

7457 pswytyy M, C tj^Sl 
pasuyde ©pp. 

purified 

BBB 544; W-Lii 530, 547, 574; Sund. AoFviii 
1981, 29R 5 

7458 pswq M j^yii^aj 
pasok =>pswc-, pswyt- 

purification 

BBB f87; GMS 597; W-Lii 547, 574, 5 

7459 pswqpy C -> psqpy 

7460 pswxs- M =$ pswys- 



psxnt 



300 



-z'^s* 1 



tjr^i "—■ 



7461 psxnt C xj*l*j <*j*~a 
pasxand 

making fun 
STi 45.12 

7462 psyd- C j^Jg ioj^S 
pase5 Ops'yS-) 

(fo)fail, OcOdecrease 
BSTii 827.51: C2, 94V21 

7463 psyng C <u^< ( ^fjb- 
pasing ? 
leprous 
BSTi 220 

7464 psyp C 

pasep ? ^Ps'yp- 

slander 

BSTii: C2, 52V14 

7465 psypw^ky* M l>l^jc^; 
pasep-wapakya Opsypw) ^'ps^pw 
slandering 

Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.26, I40n 2: Gersh. Sogd. 
Cpds. 1945, 145 

7466 psyr'mndyCy) M J'^^^^^^ 

pasl/er-amande ©<*apa-s(a)r(a)ya- y MP 

^ps^ysn-, Pahl. afsdr 
cooling 

Sogdica. 21.12b, n p22 ; CMS 1100 

7467 psyy M =* ps- 2 

7468 psyyS M >^£ t j^Jf «cJjjJb*i 
pasc5 

restriction 

Hen. BSOAS 12, 307.53 

7469 ps *± pst 1 

7470 ps- =* pc- 

7471 ps'^r B &y <«£\ 
pasaPar (pys*Pr, 'pys'Pr) =»ps>Pr 
provisions, supplies 

VJ 347, 895n p93 

7472 ps^h'ry =* ps'x^yy 

7473 ps»y- B => ps»y- 

7474 ps- Cj) M,C jl^^,^ 
pasa Ops-) ©<Av. pasca ©adv.. & pref. 

=>psy, >pys 
then, after 
GMS 179,373, 1143 ; BBBp98 



7475 ps*pr B, M o^iu<i<y m^T 
pasaPar (ps>br) ©Av. pi$wa\ <*pati- a- bara\ 

<*pasca-dbara- ?; Arm. psar =»ps s Pr 
provisions, supplies 
TSP 12.20; BBB 523 ; GMS 298; Bailey. BSOAS 

11, 795; Hen. BSOAS 28, 246n 32; Szemerenyi. 

HMV p418 ; Weber. IF 80, 1975, If, KG 366, 

pypfir 

7476 ps'br C =» ps>pr 

7477 ps'bwty M '■> j; J' -*« 
pasa-bute (ps>pwty) ©pi. -ty 

after Buddha 

Hen. JRAS 1945, 154.10; GMS 1143 

7478 ps'd'r- C o^->j «j=^UIjja 
pasa(t)5ar- (ps'tS'r-) ©perf. ^ps'y-, ps*t- 
GcOthrow away, GcOreject 

STi 79.5 ; STii 5.45; Hen. Tales. 471.12 

7479 ps'yrywCy) M •ju i U< ( ^U<(j>- j/-lu)jJl;U 
pasa-yriw ©Parth.^asa^nw; MP ps y gryw\ 

Aiam.psgrb* =*Y rvw 
dcputyia fter-self) 
BBB c43 ; GMS 1143; Gersh. TPS 1945, 143a, n p, 

PYrywy, Benv. Titres et Noms Propres. 58 

7480 psWry M «* ps>x>ryy 

7481 ps'q M l?J^'j^ '(j^)^"-* 
pasak (pzwk, ps>k, pjwq) ©pi. -t 

abortion 

GMS 980, 1648; Hen. BSOAS 11, 68; Sund. 1994, 
45 

7482 ps'm ? M ? jju*l <v >jl,uJ 
pasam ? ©<*apa-sama- ? 

0c)swallow, (to)gulp ? 
Sogdica. 21.20, 21.22, 23 n p23, 24; >p?mnyt, 
prest. part. pi. Sogdica 21.20; BBB p86 

7483 ps'myh =» psmty* 

7484 ps>nk C)) B 
p(a)sank Opstokty) «»psn-, 'ps'nk 
net, snare 

TSP 2.847, 908 

7485 ps'nk 'ns^y B JjffhuXL* 
pasank-ansace 

trapper 
SCE 361 

7486 ps*pwty =» ps>bwty 

7487 ps'sry M s-ofs**^ 
pasa-sare 



<IJ <f b 



301 



occiput 
GMS 1143 

7488 ps't- C, M ^Wjjp 'o^^' 
posat ©pt. st^ inf. ^ps'y-, psWr- 

OeOthrow, (to)casi 

STii 5.38, 40 ; C2, 22V6, 25V5 ; perf. st. /tfdV-, 
STi 79.5 ; STii 5.45 

7489 psWr- M =» psWr- 

7490 ps'ty C, S ^^ uj&i <^U;I 
posate ©pp. pi. -t ^'ps'ty 

thrown, cast down 

STii 5.42; C2, 60V10, 77V18, 94R8; Frag. Len. 40, 
13 

7491 ps'x'rycyk M li* jl jl~ <, L_^ 
pasaxarecik 

belonging to the aftermeal 
BBB p98 c43; GMS 1017 

7492 psVryy M (^'j^crt'^J'^)^ 
pasaxare (ps'h^y, psWry) 

aftermeal 

GMS 1143; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 1945, 142.1; BBB 

c43 

7493 ps'y- B, M, C d^^'j^^Kjjj) 
pa/asay ©impf. p y py =*psy-, ps't-, 'pSr'y-, 

'ps'y-. *ps*y-, Ps'y- 

Go)throw,Gc>)reject, 0o)cast 

GMS 541, 616, 917; TSP 8.10, 5.72, 22.13; BBB 
572, 544 b55; Frag. Len. ; MSP b90 ; BSTii: C2 
glossy Sund. AoFi 1974, 3R2 ; AVS 92 

7494 ps'yck B oo^ ^ju, <crr - 
pasecik ? =»psycyk 

latter, later 

BSTBL, Dhu. 281, psytcyk 

7495 ps'ycykCh) B ? >xJX 
pase(n)cik, pasecik ? 

spilling ? 

TSP 2.299 n pl73 ; Hen. Texts. 718 

7496 psyt- M, C j^ <oJLil 
pasayd ©pt. St. =*psync- 

(fo)sprinkle, (rcOspill 

GMS 600; perf. psYt&r-, BBB 531 

7497 psrty C <sj& 
pasayde ©pp. 

spilled 

STi 81.14; BSTi 346 

7498 psqV C <*^i<>rj- 
paskar =#pskr- 



psn > 



pursuit, persecution 

BSTii 843.44; Mack. BSOAS 33, 119; C2, 68V 13 

7499 pskfs- M (^jOjdKi 
paskafs ©pass. st. 

(to)bc split 

GMS 177; BBB f 37; AVS 74 

7500 psknt B, M ?«>"<^Uj 
paskand =*psknt 

havoc 

Frag. 6.8 apud. S W, IIJ 1976, 50n 37 

7501 pskr- S O^Ve^" <o*h l o*J^jj* 
paskar ^pskr-, pskyr-, psq»r 

(to)drive out, (fo)persecute 

MSP b9ft BSTii 82927; Benv. Eti 300; C2, 102R 
27; AVS 76 

7502 psqrty C <t^i- >j <v*^" v ^ 5 * 
paskarte ©pp.; pi. -/ ^psq J r 

persecuted 
BSTii: C2, 48R22 

7503 psqwr(y) C ^j 

paskwsr (psqyr(y)) -^pckwyKkh), pcwqyr 

fear 

BSTi 226; GMS 132A 

7504 pskyr- M qjl^wJu; <Qj£JU> 
paskir ©pass. st. =#pskr-, *pskr-, psqyr- 

Go)be chased 

GMS 367; BBB pl03 f42 

7505 psqyr- C a>^fv-*JuJ ^J* J^> 
pasker ©caus. st. ^pskyr- 

0o)follow, (ro)pursue 

Sund. AoFi 251.6; perf. st. psqyrd } r- AoFi 245.7 
n 100 

7506 psqyr(y) =* psqwr(y) 

7507 psmty > S ? Ojy c^J3 k&jpt 
pasamtya ? (ps'myh) 

gulp ? 

Sogdica. 21.22, 23b ; GMS 81 

7508 psn- S, M, C 4: < ( b 
pasan ©loc. psny\ ace. psnw =^psyn-, } psn 
trap 

S W apud. Mack. AI 25, 428 n 16; C2 p51 n 5 

7509 psn' M, C -uil 
pasna ©<Av. pasna ©f. ace. 

heel 

BSTii: C2, 51V13 n p98 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 183; 



psp'cyg 



302 



GMS 121 

7510 psp'cyq C jt/u 

paspacik 

suddenly 

BSTii 896.58: C2, 54V28 pl08 

7511 pspVy =$ prsp'r 

7512 pspVyy M ci^- ^j^ 
paspare ©<*pati-spar- 

advancing 

GMS 962; BBB pi 32 

7513 psp'ty C Ol/u 

paspate =*pcp } t(yy) 

suddenly 

BSTii: C2 gloss.; Benv. JA 1951, 50 n 2 ; C2 p50n 
4 

7514 pspr- B, M, C j^ J>U>1 I td^J'j^A id^J'^y 
paspar ©impf. p*spr =»psprty 

OcOfix, GcOlevel, (/o)trample 

GMS 370, 616; Frag. Len. 37.4; perf. psprd'r^ 
BSTii: C2.51V13, 120R4 

7515 pspr'mndyCy) M j^jjl t^^ <oi-U 
paspar-amande 

fixing 
GMS 1100 

7516 psprty C e aijl~l 
pasparte ©pp. =*pspr- 

trampled 

BSTii: C2, 51R22 

7517 pst' M, C UU 
past ©<prst ©pi. of *ps =>prs- 

lips 

Sogdica. 5.8; STii 2.6; GMS 357, 496 

7518 pst 2 S ^JjijUs 
past ©Parth. pastag; Pahl. pasn 

contract, pact 
Anc. Lett. 5.22 

7519 pst'd'r- C Cp^uT 
pastaSar (prst'tS'r-) ©perf. st. ^ps^y- 

0o)prepare 

STii 3.32; BSTii 895.29: C2, 54V29 

7520 pst>q C c t>U 
pastak (prst'q, prst'kk) ^prs^kOi) 

armour 

Schwartz. STSC 146.6 



<oUI 



jjX\ljjZ^} 



7521 pst>t- C Ju^uT 
pastat ©pt. st. ^pst'y-, prst't- 

(to)prepare 

GMS 562; inf. psfyt, C2 t 31V8 

7522 pst'ty C 
pastate ©pp.; pi. -t =>prst»ty 
prepared, ready 
STi 86.8 ; BSTii 889.29: C2, 60R29 

7523 pstNvn C 
pastawan ©pi. -t ^'pstWnh 
order, admonition 

BSTii 862.11: C2, 25V11 p62 ; Schwartz. STSC 
45V ; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 23V10 

7524 pst>y- C j^uT 
pastay ©pt. inf. pst y yt ^prst'y-, pst't- 
(fo)prepare 

STi 31.8; BSTii 893.8: C2, 31V8 

7525 pstf'r- M ^ ps>d>r- 

7526 pstrw B 
pastar(u) =»pystrw 
then, afterwards 
TSP 7.66, 192, 12.46 etc. 

7527 psty- C 
pastay ©impf. p^sty 
(fo)admonish, (/^instruct 
C2 gloss. 3pl. pres. pstynh AVS 93 

7528 psws- B, C 
pasus ©<*su$; Av. haos ©impf. p } sws 

*4p*sws- 
(to)dry up 
BSTii 857.4; Benv. JA 1951, 329; C2 p59, 22V14; 

TSP 22.18; Benv. Et. Oss. 99 

7529 psy C £ v^<cr* 
pase Opsy, psyy) ©<pasca =*ps c>> , 'pys, pys- 1 
after 

GMS 373; STi 59.18, 76.6 

7530 psy— M, C jai^^-ljulj^ <o>L»! j-jL <o>tiljjj io^ij 
pa/asay ©pass. st. =*ps*t-, ps'y- 

(to)bc thrown away, (r<?)kept back, (rc)be cast 
GMS 541; Mack AI 25, 424.7 n p 427-8 

7531 -psy B, M j> t <^-> 
pise, pose ©<pd9re <pu0raka ©in compd. 

=»wyspsy, -pySr'k 
son 
BBBp73 ; GMS 119 

7532 psycyk B <sJ*-\ <&•>*< 
pasecik (psycyq) ©pi. -/ ^ps*yck 



<j*hjjX\ 



303 



latter, later 

BSTBL, Dhu. 281; BSTii 905.27: C2, 57V27 

7533 psycyq C =4 psycyk 

7534 psyd- C j*fjj<cr~x 
pasy5 ^psycPr-, prsyS- 

(to)sit down, (fcOsettle down 

STi 39.9; Sund. AoFiii 1975 p79.9, 19R9 

7535 psydV- C j^jj 
pase58ar, pasiSar- ? ©perf. of p( r )syd- 

(to)sit down 

STi 52.10; Sund. AoFi 1974, 8V 12 p242 ; Hen. 
BSOAS 11, 1946, 715 apud. GMS 877 n 2 

7536 psyn- M o>lsff b* ijzZhjl <o>jjTji^o <j^LuUb* 
pasen ©<Skt. ksan ©impf. p*sy(y)n =*psn- 
(fo)trap, (ro)be trapped 

GMS 6l6n 1; Benv. Eti 329 n 60; AHM 192, 
san-,S W, C2p51 n5 

7537 psync- C (p j-^'.^j^j *6^l 
pas^c ©Shaek; Av. hincati ^p's'ync- 

Oo)sprinkle, (/o)pour 

GMS 600; BBB 531; BSTi 318; C2, 11V19; Bailey. 
Prolexis. 417; AVS 123 

7538 psyncn C a juil 
pascncan ©voc. - } 

sprinkler 

STii 6.10 

7539 psynty C c^-i <» j*- 
pasinte ? ©ob. pi. -ty 

part, piece 

STi 66.22; Sund. AoFiii 65 ; BSTii: 857.11: C2, 
66V 11 p59 

7540 psyny C 6 jlu£Y, i^jlx) J3 > 
pasene ©pres. part.; pi. -r ^ps'y- 

thrower away 

BSTii 857.10; Benv. JA 1951, 335; C2, 22V10 

7541 psys* C (uy> ^^ j-O^—^j' -**;<ji*u 
pasesa ^psys'r 

then, afterwards 

GMS 358; STi; STii; 1.34; BSTii: C2 gloss.; Sund. 
AoFviii 1981, 217 

7542 psysV C 
pasesar =»psys\ 'psys'r 
then 
BSTi 204 

7543 psyy M =» psy 



J^c 



cri 



c/^ 



U"M* 



jj^ (<^y) 



k*j! 



JJr* 'Ji^ji 



pfocdo 

7544 psyy Sfr M c~t> v j* 
pase-5par 

back door 
GMS 373 

7545 pt»m M 
patam ©<*apa- tama- ^prt'mch 
in a swoon, unconscious 
Sogdica. 47.1 n p48; GMS A1003 

7546 pt»pch B 
patafc ?, patapc ? 
(a kind of)di\xg 
TSP 19.18n p232 

7547 ptVn'k B 
pattawne ©pres. part. =^pt>w- 
patient 
SCE 68; GMS 893 

7548 pt w wyn>k B 
pattawene ©pres. part. ^pt 1 wn , k 
patient 

Vim. 172, 194 ; BSTBL 

7549 pt*w- S, M, C ^jjT^l-o^^j^^os^jl^" 
pattaw ©Parth. ptt } w-,<*pati-taw 
(ro)endure 

STi 7.5; STii 6.8, 10, 24; Frag. Len. 85.11; MSP 
b200, 180, 143, 197; Sund. AoFi 251.5; GMS 
572 

7550 pt'w'nt B 
pattawand 
patient 
TSP 2.837 

7551 ptNvp'zny C, S 

pattaw-paz(a)ne 
having a patient mind 
STii 6.33; Frag. Len. 49.11 

7552 ptNvp'zny* C 

pattaw-paz(a)nya 
endurance 
Schwartz. STSC 45 

7553 pt^pr'yn- B 
patifrin ©impf. =^ptpr*yn- 
(ro)bless back 

VJ 140 

7554 pt'yc'y B, M =* pt>yc(h) 

7555 pt'yc(h) B, S (u>> >A* j-OJ^ <Jti» *Js. -P 
patic(e) (pt'yc'y) ©*patica; Av. patiyanh, 

Parth. pdyc(gh Skt. pratici =»ptycyh 



J**ji 



Lx^ < J-^jw^ 



J-**" <ijJ*\ 



**, 



y_j\ ^X 



pt > yc(h)s > i 



304 



facing, face to, before 
VJ ; TSP; BSTBL; MDii; Tales. 467.9; MSP; 
pt>ycw y KG 548, 561 

7556 pt'ycChVr B JXu c^r y> 
patic(e)-sar 

face to, in front of 

TSP 2.875, 690, 7.187; VJ ; SCE 378; BSTBL; 
pfycws^, VJ 404 

7557 pt'ycys'r ^ pt , yc(h)s , r 

7558 pt>y8- B j~.\ J ^«x* t o>J' 1 j L \jf 
pate5 =*pt>yst- 

(fo)beg 
SCE 202 

7559 pt'yS' B «ttju,c^jKp^Jjf 
pate5 

begging, alms 

VJ 19\ 108, 125, 138, 143 n p90 

7560 pt>y8 2 B, S ^o^^T^y 
pate/10 «*pty0y\ pty8 

despicable, contemptible 
Intox. 7, BSTBL; -h t MSP bl70 

7561 pVyy*ws- ~* ptyws-, ptyyws- 

7562 pt>y Y rp- B ^Ju^Li 
patiyarP (ptyyrP-) ©impf. ~»ptyrP- 
0o)understand, Go)receive 

STii 8.7; SCE 564, 569; TSP 2.1230 

7563 pt'yyw'y *± ptyv^y-, ptyyw^- 

7564 pt'yyws =» ptyws- 

7565 pt'ynVync- B, S jjui >Y 
patlmenc (ptymync) ©impf. =*ptnVync- 

(ro)dress 

VJ 13, 1293, 1356, 1438; ptymc, VJ 872; KG 607 

7566 pt'yn B, S .jiilJL>-<ljb- 
patin ? ©<Av. paitina ^ptpt'yn, ptyn 1 
separate 

SCE 67; TSP 2.488, 7.90, 21i8 n pl75 ; Frag. Len. 
81.10; Bailey. Asica. 13; Prolexis. 163 

7567 pt'yn kwn- d^ u ^p^ J <o>^-^ 
patin-kun 

(fo)separate 

S W, IIJ 1976, 49, Frag. 5.8 

7568 pt'yn pt'yn B «if u>- 
patin-patin ? 

separate 

SCE 67; S W, C2p98.15 



7569 pt'yr =» pt>yr- 

7570 pt'yr- B, S ^r^T lj7 ijjoL^^^T 
patyar ? ©pp. pfyrH =*ptyr- 2 

harm, (ro)harm 

TSP 6.6, 143 n p208 ; Frag. Len. 24.2; -C2 pl47.5- 
6 

7571 pt'yry8 B =* ptryS-, ptyry5- 

7572 pt'ys'ynt B «* pts>ynt-, ptys>ynt- 

7573 pt>yst- S (j^)^c-l^^o^uf 
pate/ist ©pt. st. ^p^yS- 

(to)beg, begged 

S W, Rock. Insc. Indus Valley 1989, 134 

7574 pt'yskw^y =» ptskw'y-, ptyskwy- 

7575 pt'yw'y B =* ptw'y- 

7576 pt'yz'n- B j^b^Li 
patizan -»ptz*n-, ptyz'n- 

GcOrecognize, (ro)know 
pt>yzn, VJ 26\ 1264, 20 b 

7577 p8b J r C v Ui 
paBPar =»pGf>r 

haste 

Sund. AoFviii 1981, 28R 22 p!99, 203 n 371 

7578 ptp>y8- =» ptbd- 

7579 ptp } y5y B, M c^Li <J^b ^L*-! <^5\p 
patpeSe (ptpy5yy) -^pw ptpySy 
knowledge, perception, sensation 

BSTBL, Dhu. 123; W-Lii 573 

7580 ptp^nt- B, S a>b<*bl iOabj*-l < j^bo;^ 
patpend =»ptbynt-, pcPynt- 

0o)join, OcOanswer, (fo)continue 

VJ 290, 292; KG 340 

7581 ptp'ynt'y B * ^Lu^i**, 
patpende ^pcP*nty 

continuously 

TSP 6.107, 124, 179 n p205 

7582 ptp>yr- B ? jju.+i <j^y~\ <q>^oU 
patper =»ptbyr- 

OcOget used to, (tea>me)accustomed to 

BSTBL, Dhu. 167; STii 221 

7583 ptp'yst^k B, S => ptp»ystk 

7584 ptp'ystk B, S •ifT< c JL 
patpiste (ptpysty, ptPystk) ©pp. 

informed 

O' 39; Frag. Len. 69.39; BSTBL, Dhy. 14 ; pi. 
pifPystyU KG 329 



305 



ptpty(y) 



7585 ptbd- C ^b, 
patpa/e5 ? (ptp>yS-) =*ptbst-, ptPyS- 

(/cOrecognize 

STii 11.5; STii 1.37; Sund. AoFiii 70; S W, C2 
p5323 

7586 ptbdw C jxht^W 
patj3e5u ? 

understanding 

STi 56.14; Benv. JA 1959, 121; Sund. AoFiii 
60.14, ptbtw, 13V 14 

7587 ptpSy B ^-L^oTl^l 
pat|3e5e ? =*ptbd-, ptbst-, ptPyS'y 
understanding 

TSP 1621, 22 

7588 ptpys- S u^oa «j*k 
patpaxs ©impf. ptyfiYs 

OcOgive 

MDii Nov. 3R 6-7 

7589 ptpyscj S ^j* 
patpaxsci 

gift 

Frag. Len. 44.3 

7590 ptpnd M <=ij<-^ 
patpand ©Parth. pdbnd 

link 

Hen. BSOAS 11, 71.15, 12, 312.124, 313n 8 ; JRAS 
1942, 232n6 

7591 ptpr»w B jf&t&tj* 
patfraw =^ptfr } w, ptpr'w, ptPr J w- 

thought, memory, remembrance 
BSTBL, Dhy. 155 etc.; TSP 9.141, 1624, 20.7 etc, 
23.10 etc. 

7592 ptprNv- B, S j^hj^^^jjl^ 
patfraw =>ptfi°w- 

0c?)remember, (fo)think 

GMS 604; TSP; BSTBL, Dhy. 275, 404; Mack. AI 
25, 422.18 

7593 ptprNv'k B ^_,^U 
patprawe (ptPrWy) =*ptfr>wy 
remembrance, memorial 

TSP 2.68, 6.52 

7594 ptpr'w't- B 
patfrawat ©pt. st. =»ptfr*wt- 
0o)remember 
GMS 539; BSTBL, Dhy. 318 

7595 ptprNv'y =* ptpr'w'k 



o> j j ' & 



7596 ptprSvs B o^J <*JJl» ^p- >> 
patPraus ? ©<*pati-brausa 

reverse 

Dhy. 29, 50; BSTBL; Benv. Notesii 218; Gersh. 
Advice. 81; Szemerenyi. Sprache 12, 2l8f 

7597 ptpr'wynfe B *jjjjl>l o^l <b»- jl 
patfrawene (ptpr'wyn'y) 

by memory, memorial, remembering 
TSP 14.7; BSTBL, Dhy. 320 

7598 ptprNvyn'y -» ptp^wyn'k 

7599 ptpr>yn- B ^^jl^l 
patfrin ©impf. pfyfir^yn =>ptfryn- 
(/<?)bless back 

GMS 166; VJ 149; AVS 97 

7600 ptps- B ox\y~ 
patfas ©<*pati-pds <OP pati-prsa-\ Parth. 

pdfwrs; MP phypwrs =>ptfs- 
(ro)read 
GMS 52, 468; TSP; SCE 112, 522, 547 ; STii 8.10, 

inf. ptfis'y. TSP 6.105; AVS 127 

7601 ptps'mnty M dxij^tcJIJ 
patfasamande ^ptfstonty 

reading 

GMS 1100 

7602 ptps't- B jxl>. 
patfast ©pt. st. ^ptfs'ty 

(fo)read 

GMS 537; TSP 7.75; inf. STii 8.10; AVS 112 

7603 ptbst- C jz-jhij^\^toi~+43 
patpe/sst ©pt. st. =»ptPy5-, ptpSy 
OcOknow, (r<?)understand, fr<?)feel 

STii 1.30, pp. ptbsty 

7604 ptpsttyy =* ptpsty(y) 

7605 ptbsty C <=-*v* v^ 
patpeste ©pp.; pi. -t 

sensible, notable 
C2, 19R1, 31R17 p58 

7606 ptpsty(y) M jJL*«^^j 
patpaste (ptpsttyy) ©<*pati-bastaka ©pp. 

=*ptPystyy 
connected, joined 
GMS 848, 1269; Hen. BSOAS 11, 1943, 71.16 

7607 ptbtw C =# ptbdw 

7608 ptpty(y) M 4=*-<<^-<£b 
pattapde ©Parth. pt y b-, Knot, parttav- ©pp.; 

pi. -r 



ptpwz 



306 



burned 

GMS 587, 850; BBB b31, 717 

7609 ptpwz B (jjxj:J^S)*jy x iSy 
patp/foz 

beak, muzzle 

SCE 170; Hen. LW 100 

7610 ptpy- B, M, S oiljf j> < f Lr^ 1 
patpay/i (ptby) ©<*pati-baya ©nom. ; ace. 

-w; abl. -> =#ptPyw 

respect, honour 

VJ ; SCE 74; BSTBL, Dhy. 97, 286, 287; MDii; 
Frag. Len. 46.22, 93.30; KG 585; MSP b79 ; STii 
1.9; BSTi 213; Benv. JA 1943-5 p95 ; C2, 
11V18; GMS 521; ptfiy >scyWk "worthy of 
reverence" Dhy. 14 

7611 ptby C^ ptpy- 

7612 ptpy*5y => ptpy5>y 

7613 ptbyd- C => ptPyS- 

7614 ptpyS- B, S ^b^b^/^^/^ 

(0>>^^ J->)(cJ->^ 
patpe5 (ptbyd-) ©<*pati- baudaya- ©impf. 

ptyfiyd ^ptpyst- 1 , ptbd-, ptbyG- 
GcOknow, (fo)understand, (rcOfeel, (to)bc aware 
BBB; TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 126, Vim. 110, Dhy. 374; 

KG; BSTii: C2 gloss. ; Sogdica. 31.12, 2pl. pres. 

pt. byd-0, S W, C2 n p53.23 p58 f 19, 97.31; 

GMS 187, 586 



7615 ptpy6>y B, S, M 



lT" j 



•-ui i«j jJ t^X*~z>-i 



patpe5e (ptPy^y, ptPy5yy) =*ptp5y 

knowledge, perception, understanding 

TSP 2.897, 898, 23.12; BSTBL, Vim. 74; Intox. 13; 

ptfiySy, Sogdica. 2.24, 25 ; GMS 962; W-Li, ii ; 

KG 610; BBB -yhi Frag. Len. 65.12 

7616 ptpy5n>k B Ub«lfT 
patPeSne ©pres. pt. 

knowing, informed 
TSP 2.870 

7617 ptpySyy M => ptPy5>y, ptp>y5y 

7618 ptbynt- C j^b^U 
patpend ©impf. ptybynt ^ptP'ynt- 
(to)reply 

C2, 23R29 n p67 

7619 ptbyr- C ^ j^o.Ip 
patper =>ptp J yr- 

(to)get used to 
STii 2.21; AVS 79 



7620 ptpyst- B ^Lt^/^l^) 
patpist ©<*pati-busta-; fbaud- ©pt. St. 

=^ptPy5-, ptbst- 

(fe)know, (to)fccl 
TSP 2.162,9.114 

7621 ptpyst- 2 M ^^ 
patpi/sst ©pt. st. ^ptp J ynt- 

(to)join 
GMS 307.848 

7622 ptpyst'k =» ptPystyy 

7623 ptpystk -> ptp'ystk 

7624 ptpysty ^ ptp>ystk 

7625 ptpystyy M, C J-^'^^ 
patpaste (ptPyst'k) ©pp. 

joined 

GMS 1269; KG 421; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 22R 8 

pi 84, I85nl77 

7626 ptby8- C ^Li^b 
patpeG/6 (ptbyd-) =»ptpy5- 

0o)know 
STii 1.37 

7627 ptpyw B, S c^fjj^L^' 
patpyu (ptbyw) ©<OIr. neuter =*ptPy- 
respect 

VJ 34, 856; TSP; SCE 187.490, 543; O 2 30 ; Frag. 
2a.2 ; KG 585; Frag. Len.; S W, 1980 MIFSS 7; 
W-Li 94 

7628 ptbyw C =» ptPyw 

7629 ptpywen S ^j^tA^\^<^A^ 
patPyucan 

respectable 

ptfiywcnw, apud. S W, MIFSS 1980, 7 

7630 ptbywcyk C ^Li^ <4^_ jlA <*^?** 
patPyucik 

respected 
Schwartz. STSC Add. 

7631 ptc»n B gf 
patcan =»pc*n 

treasure 
BSTBL; Dhu. 196 

7632 ptc'yt- =» ptcyt- 

7633 ptc'y^k S ks^ i<3 yj L 
pa(t)cayde ©pp. «»ptcxtyy 

received 

KG 328, 410, S W, Apd. 3.2.1 pl96 



307 



7634 ptc'xs- =» ptcxs- 

7635 ptcys- S jsi^i 
pa(t)caxs ©impf. ptycYs =»ptcyt-, pc J YS-, 

ptcxs- 
(ro)receive 
MDii p209, 1.118; pt. ptc } xst(yk MSP b25 ; impf. 

ptycYs, MDiii pl26 

7636 *ptcyst- C ^JL 
pa(t)cyast- ©pt. st. =»pcY>z, pcyst- 
(ro)receive 

perf. ptcYstwd'r-, C2, 7V29 p54 

7637 ptcyt- M ^x 
pa(t)cayd (ptc^t-, ptcxt-) ©pt. st. ^ptcxs-, 

pcyt-, pcxt- 
OcOreceive 
GMS 509; KG 196, Apd. 3.2.1; ptcYt&r-, BBB 

b41, 48 

7638 ptcng C 
pa(t)cang *^pcng, ptsng, pt^nkh 
cros^ 
Sund. AoFi 1974, 241.5 

7639 ptcs- B 
pa(l)cas **pcs- 
(ro)taste 
BSTBL, Intox. 18, inf. -H 

7640 ptcsp'n C, M 
pa(t)cpan -^pcptoOO 
exposed, ready 

STi 87.20; apud. Benv. TSP n p212.66, MSP b50, 
ptcp y n 

7641 ptcxs- M, S jxljitjx^ju 
pa(t)caxs ©<*pati-caxsa ©impf. ptycxs 

=»ptcyt-, pcxs-, ptcys-, pc'xs-, cys-, ptycxs- 
(ro)receive 
BBB b41 f 52; GMS 164, 529, 622, 718; Tales. 

469.38; BBB; MSP b70 ; KG 2356; C2 p50n4 

p54.29 ; BSTii 851.18, 88923 

7642 ptcxsy M, S ^k^ <Lr=vA 
patcaxse 

seizable 

GMS 1165; Sogdica. 29.5; pw ptcxsy, 
"unseizability", KG 569; ptc'xsty, MSP b25 

7643 ptcxt- M, C =* ptcyt-, pcyt- 

7644 ptcxtyy M 

pa(t)cayde ©pp. ^ptc'yt'k 

received 

GMS 855, 509; BBB b46 



j'_A> iojt» I 



^>> T 



jjbjLiJ 



j£*jtf<tjj 



U^jliU 



ptfryy 

7645 ptcy8- B o^jj^r <j=»jj 
patce9 ? 

0o)sweep, (ro)clear away 
Sund. AoF 19, 1992, 353 nl6f. 

7646 ptVys- S 
patSes ©impf. ptyS>ys 
(reOshow 
Sund. MHC p25 

7647 ptfir'mc B 
patz(y)amc (pSrytoc) ©<*pat-jay- ^ptjy'mc, 

pSr'mcdi) 
dispute 
SCE 435-36 

7648 pBf'r C V L^ 
paGfar (p6p»r) =*p5p>r 

haste 

BSTii 849.7: C2, 12R7 

7649 ptfrNv M, C 4iUoL 
patfraw ©ob. -y(y) ^ptfr»wy, ptPr*w, ptpr J w 
memory, remembrance 

STi 82.4; GMS 604; BBB p88.756 

7650 ptf r>w- M, C 
patfraw ^ptfrSvt-, ptflr'w- 
0<?)remember, (rc)remind 

GMS 572, 732; BBB f70 

7651 ptfr'wncyk M 

patfrawancik =^nwptfr*wcyk 
remembering, reminding 
GMS 1015, 1162; BBB p88.756 

7652 ptfr'wt- M 
patfrut ©pt. st. =»ptfr'w-, ptprWt- 

(/c)remember, OcOremind 
BBB 756; GMS 865 

7653 ptfr'wy C 
patfrawe ^ptj3r > w > k, ptfrV- 
commemoration 

BSTii 898.111; C2, 55V21 

7654 ptfryn- M Cr^Cf-J^ fr*l 
patfrin ©<*pati-frina ^ptp^yn- 

(ro)bless back 
GMS 644, 724 

7655 ptfryy M cJ-ljf jy, ^\j^\ 
patfray, patfri ? -*pt0y- 

respect 

BBB; Bailey. Asica. 4, *pati~ fray a-, W-Lii 591 



lSJJ 



bli 



O^jjIjIi 



^je^t 




ptfs- 



308 



7656 ptfs- M, C ox\jr- 
patfa/as (ptps-) ©<*pati-prsa- ©impf. ptyfs 

=»ptps- 
(fo)read 

STii 1.36, 38; BSTii; C2, 55R 29, 31V28, inf. 

ptfsy 

7657 ptfs'mnty C cJ\J<ox\y~ 
patfasamande -^ptps'mnty 

reading 

BSTii 833.14, 896.60: C2, 54V 30 

7658 ptfs'ty C eJ ul_^ 
patfasate ©pp. ^ptps't- 

read 

STi 21.15; GMS 851; BSTii 897.83; Benv. JA 
1955, 329; C2, 55R23; Sund. AoFi 234 

7659 ptfsyny C .jul^ 
patfascne ©pers. part. ace. nw- 

reader 

C2, 48R24; BSTii 883.22 

7660 pty } 8 M, C, S (</U^)*j^ r U<<JU 
patyaS ©Pahl. paygal t *paii-gala-ka ©pi. -t 
cup 

GMS 60; Anc. Lett. 4.6; STi 81.12; Benv. Notesiii 
233; Hen. Mittelir. 53; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 23V 
7, 9; C2, 12V18 n p56 ; Schwartz. ZDMG 292 n 
12; S W, AI 1990, 242 



Uw 



^oj'fk 



7661 pty^ B, C, S 
patyam ©Parth. padgdm 
message 
VJ 1390; MDii 1.1.14, 19; Anc. Lett. 4.7; Frag. 

Len. 81.15 

7662 pty'mbry C 
patyamPare ©pi. -u, ob. pi. -ty 
messenger, prophet 

STi 33.13, 81.7; STii 6.25 ; BSTii: C2 gloss.; Sund. 
AoFviii 1981, 21V14 pl80 

7663 pty'mprymync C cJUj <^»~w 
patyamPare-menc 

prophecy 

STi 87.24; GMS 1103 

7664 ptyVy* M JL^i <^y^ <cJiP 
patyarya ? ©<*pati-gar- 

negligence 
GMS 1396 

7665 pty'wS B JxyJ^x 
patyoS (ptyw5) ©<*pati-gaud\ Sgaud- 



^VwS, ptywnt-, ptyw5y(y) 
covering 
TSP 7.90, 9.57 n p213, 221; BSTBL, Dhu. 20, 101, 

105, 242 

7666 ptyNvnt B j£~tf iS^ c^Jj 
patxund 

dispute 

TSP 9.13 n p220 

7667 pty'wsty B Jy*Ai<zit 
patxwaste, patxuste ©pp. ^ptyw'y-, ptywsty 1 
killed 

TSP 2.314 

7668 ptyNvs B <«JU t^Jyju. 
patyos =*ptyws 

hearing, audition 

VJ 879; TSP 9.41, 117, 10.20 

7669 pty'ws- B (0>> ^s<^ j->)o^ 
patyos ©*pati-gausa- -impf. pt } yr (>) ws 

=»ptyws- 
(ro)hear 
GMS 598 

7670 ptyNvst- =» ptxwst-, ptywst- 

7671 ptyn C J£A**J>jji*£ 
patyan, patayn ©f. loc. -y } «*fryn (>) 

type, manner, like 

C2, 7R26, 91V4 ; STSC 18, 151 

7672 ptyrp- B j^.-H i J^^ t id>J^>Sj> 
patyo/arP ©<*pati-garb-lgrab-\ Parth. 

padgirw ©impf. pt l}) yYrfi\ inf. ptYrfi y y 

=»pcyrP-, ptyryPt- 
0<?)understand, (^)receive 
SCE 406, 556; BSTBL, Dhu. 92, 121, 283, Padm. 

67, Dhy. 129; TSP 2.1230; STii 8.7; GMS 673 

7673 ptyrp't- S b>J*S* 

patyarpat ©pt. st. ; ptYrjJWr- perf. st. 
0c>)receive, (/cOperceive 
MSP bl06, bl07 

7674 ptyrpyny M •ju^_JL«(T7 
patyarpene ©pi. -u pres. part, 

receiving, informed 
Sogdica. 25.29 

7675 ptyrypt- S ox^ij*^ 
patyriPd ©<*pati-grfta- ©pt. st. =*ptyrP- 
(to)understand, (ro)take 

GMS 153a 

7676 ptyswc* C *-*~'j> t *jk&,*iSj*j 
patysuca, patyusca ©f. pp. =*ptywnt-, 



309 



ptyws 



i 






i 



*■ 



ptywst- 2 , ptywst } k, ptywstk 
mystical, hidden 
BSTii 895.47: C2, 54V 17; STSC 56 

7677 ptyw'nkCw) M(S) =* ptywnk ()) 

7678 ptyw'y- B (jy >^ j>){r& 
patxway (ptywy-) ©<*pati-xwahaya- ©impf. 

pfyYw^ =*ptxw>y- 
(ro)kili 
GMS 226; VJ z;5, 330, 1073; TSP; SCE; Frag. 

Len. ; Frag. 2a.l6 ; STii 6.16, 45 

7679 ptyw'yn'k B Jtei^xjit 
patxwayene ©pres. part. =>pry ptywn'k, 

ptywyn } k, ptxwyny, p'tyw'nk 
murderer 
TSP 2, 908; SCE 256 

7680 ptyw8 -» pty>w5 

7681 ptyw6y(y) M cXuTjl^ 
patyoSe ©pi. -t -^pty'wS 

concealing 

BBB 616; GMS 899 

7682 ptywk'yk S ? &f/ 

patyukik ? 

with sulphur ? 

Sund. MDii B-9 V2 pi 60, 162 

7683 ptywnk (>) B Jssijt^T 
patxwank, patxung (ptyw'nkCw), ptywnkh) 

©<* pati-xwahanaka =»ptxwng 
murder, killing 
TSP 2.323, 595, 627, 843, 5.21, 11.21; SGE 421; 

GMS 976n 1 ; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.19 

7684 ptywnkh =* ptywnk (,) 

7685 ptywnt- C o^&y^o^y, 
patyund ©*pati-gunta-\ Sgaud- ©impf. 

ptyYwnt ^ptywst- 2 
(fo)cover, (/<?)hide 
C2, 57V25; Gharib. AI 4, 247-56 

7686 ptywr- B C»y.jJ >y>- r^ j> <o-^. 
patxwar, patxur 

0o)devour 

TSP 13.ii, 8; S W, IIJ 1976 

7687 ptywrk* B \^f it >x*L ia j3j>> 
patxwark, patxure ? 

devouring 

ptYwrk' csm } k, SCE 23 n p34, "devouring (or) 
seductive eyes" 

7688 ptywsch S „jl^<j^ 



patyusca ©f.pp. =*ptywst } k, ptyswc* 

hidden 

Sund. MHC 36.1 V7 

7689 ptywsd'r- C => ptywstw5>r- 

7690 ptywst-' B, S ^ 
patxwast, patxust- ©<*pati-xwasta\ Yaghn. 

tuxast ©pt. st. inf. -y ^ptyw'y-, ptxwst- 
(ro)kill 
TSP 2.62, 236; VJ 258; Frag. Len. 69.18 

7691 ptywst- 2 B, M, C fr^CM* 
patyust ©<pati- gusta ©pt. St. =»ptywnt-, 

pty > w6, ptywz- 
(ro)hide, (ro)conceal 
GMS 849; Gharib. AI 4, 247.56 

7692 ptywst'k S .jui^o^ 
patyuste ©pp. ^ptywsch, ptywsch 

hidden 

Sund. MHC 36.1 VI 1 

7693 ptywstSV- =$ ptywstw&r- 

7694 ptywstk B jl^MJuij* 
patyuste ©pp. =4 ptywst- 2 , ptywsty 2 , ptyswc* 
concealed, covered 

BSTBL, Dhu. 24 

7695 ptywstwa'r- B, M ^ 
patxustuSar (ptywsd>r-, ptywst5>r-) ©perf. st. 
(ro)kill 

TSP; Hen. JRAS 1944, 138.20; Frag. 2a, 24: BSTii 
895.29: C2 p67, 54R29n.pl00, 184 

7696 ptywsty 1 B Jy»<<^ 
patxwaste, patxuste ©pa =*ptxw*y-, ptywst- 2 , 

pty*wsty 
killed 
TSP 2.312; Frag. Len. 77R2, 120.7 

7697 ptywsty 2 C ^^ <oWH ^J^j 
patyuste ©pp.; pi. -/; ace. ~tw ^ptywsch, 

ptywnt-, ptywstk 
mystic, hidden 
STii 5.2; Gharib. AI 4, 251; BSTii 893.17, 903.15: 

C2, 57R15, 31V17 

7698 ptywstyy M =» ptywsty 2 

7699 ptyws M, C, B ^Jy^ ^xieju^^j^. 

=»ptywst-, pty } ws 
hearing 
Sogdica. 64.10; ptYws+wn "to make audible", C2, 

55V27 pl07 ; TSP 10.20; Sund. AoFviii 1981 

p217, 26V2 



ptyws- 



310 



jJLJ— 



<*>»L< I^jAj^ 



7700 ptyws- (oy*ij<~* j->)JJ 
patyo/us ©<*pati-gausa- <*pati-gusa ©trans. 

& intrans. st. impf. ptyYws, pPyYws 

=*ptYws- 
(fo)hear, (fo)be heared 
GMS 598; v. Et. S W, C2 gloss, n pi 06, 17 

7701 ptyws'k B ==> ptywsy 

7702 ptyws'mnty C <u*U i^JyZ < jx^ <^UiJ 
patyosamande 

hearing, audition 
BSTii 903.12: C2, 57R12 

7703 ptywsdV- C 
patyosSar ©perf. st. ^ptywst'r- 
(rc)hear 
STi 70.13, 4,10, 11.3; BSTi 207 

7704 ptywsqy* C 
patyosakya ^frm'n ptywsqy } 
hearing 

C2 108V8; STii 6.13 

7705 ptywsny(y) C, M *xyj± 
patyosnc ©pres. part.; pi. -t\ voc. ptYwsn* 
hearer, listener 

BSTii 905.28: C2, 57V 28, 51R 16 ; BSTi 154; 
BBB; W-Li 95; GMS 892 

7706 ptywst- o^x^io-*^ 
patyust ©pt. st. ^ptyws- 

(rcOhcar, (ro)be heared 

GMS 176, 517; pp. ptYwst, VJ 610; Anc. Lett; C2, 
5V29; MDii p 209 

7707 ptywst'r- C 
patyustar- (ptywstwS'r-) ©perf. st. 

=^ptywsd*r- 
(ro)hear 
STii 3.2, 2.2; VJ ; MDii; Frag. Len. 

7708 ptywstk B => ptywsty 

7709 ptywstw B =* ptywsty 

7710 ptywstwS'r- B, S =* ptywst*r- 

7711 ptywsty B, S 
patyuste (ptywstk, ptywstw) ©pp. 
heard 

TSP 5.2, 7.4; BSTBL; MDii ; -nv, VJ 1273, 1246; 
BSTBL; Dhu. 76; -tk, TSP 20.10; Dhu. 130, 171; 
ptrwsty, TSP 6.177; MSP b 138 

7712 ptywsy C *x^ 
patyose ©adj. pi. -/; f. -c =^frm J n ptywsy 
hearer 



oX-io 



oJJjtS 



OiJ'dk^ 



BSTii 882.5, 904.28; f. ptYwsc, BSTii 885.18: C2, 
51R 18 

7713 ptywsyq C ju^ 
patyosik 

hearer 

STi 37.18; GMS 897; Sund. AoFiii p62 

7714 ptywy- B =» ptyw>y- 

7715 ptywyn'k B 
patxwayne ^ptyw'yn'k 
murderer 
TSP 2.799 

7716 ptywyn^k B 
patxwaynene ? =»ptxwyny 
murderer 
TSP 2.849 

7717 ptywz- B 
patyoz ©<*pati- gauza\ fgauz- =^ptywst- 2 
OcOhide 

TSP 532-3; Gharib. AI 4, 248; AVS 80 

7718 ptjy'mc M i^<jj> 
patz(y)amc ©f.n. ^ptzy'mc, ptSr'mc 

quarrel 

GMS 200n 1, 1102; inf. -amc of patzay-, Hen. 
Tales. 466.1 

7719 ptjyny(y) M yr*y~* 
patzene ? 

quarrelsome 
GMS 285 n 1 

7720 ptkV* B => ptk>r> 

7721 ptkY* M Lj iy>\te> ic^j^p 
patkara (ptk J r») ©f. n. ; ob. -y ^ptkVkh 
appearance 

BBB b40 ; GMS 973, 2266, TSP 16.22; BSTBL, 
Dhy. 388, 345, -» 

7722 ptkVkh B, S Uj t ^% o^ 
patkara(k) ^ptkV, ptq>ry, ptkr>k 
appearance 

TSP 6.34; KG 379; BSTBL, Dhu. 21, 59, Dhy. 350 

7723 ptq'ry C ^^t^SitjtMo 
patkare ©ace. -w; ob. -y ^ptkr'k, ptqry, 

ptkrq 
appearance, image 
BSTii 877.1, 905.20, 25, 908.16, 20: C2, 57V 20, 

25, 65V 24, 40R 16, 20; STi 31.8 

7724 ptq*s C J& _^_j <^Juiiy <jlo>> 
patkas ©Parth. padgas ^prk's 



311 



ptkwn 



imprisonment, confinement 
BSTii 827.56: C2, 94V 26 pl77 

7725 ptkNvn(h) B, S jj^> <J& t-** <o^ jlj<iJ*fe** 
patkon =*ptkwn 

contrary, upside-down, heretical 

TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 118, 217, 245, 256; SCE 467; 

O 1 16; Frag. Len. 65.12; Hen. Texts. 716, 92.6; 

TSP 2.315, 351, 488, 744, 3248, 5.121, 624, 9.58, 

98; -h, TSP 2.109, 742 

7726 ptkNvny* B *\jsj ilS Jjf opju ^^^-aJu ^ju ^oI^jI 
patkonya (ptkVnyh) 

heresy, perversion 

BSTBL, Dhu. 241, Vim. H TSP 9.123 

7727 ptk'wnyh =* ptk > wny ) 

7728 ptkmcy S jU-<X 
patkamci ? 

throat 

Frag. Len. 37.7 

7729 ptkntw S j£*\g < f>v 
patk(o)ntu ? (ptkyn) 

guilty 

Anc. Lett. 4.3; BBB p89.763 ; GMS 148 

7730 ptkr'k B, S JL <jj> 
patkare (ptkr>y) ©<OP patikara ©ace. 

ptkr*w\ pi. -t ^ptk'r*, ptk'r'kh, ptq>ry, ptqry 
image 
TSP 6.135; SCE 90, 94, 22a, BSTBL, Dhy. 17 etc.; 

KG 475, 583 ; ptkr y w, SCE 87 ; Dhy. 120; 

ptkr'kw, Dhy. 29, 143; KG 631; ptkr'yU Dhy. 

139, 151, 219; ptkr'yk ? TSP 2.646 n pi 77 

7731 ptkr'nt- -* ptkrnt- 

7732 ptkr'st- S jj^ 

patkraste ©pt. St.; inf. -y =»ptkrnt- 

Go)cut 

Frag. Len. 48a3, -nv, 84 b 2 

7733 ptkr'y =» ptkr'k, ptqry 

7734 ptkrq M, S JL, ^ 
patkare (ptkry(y), ptqryy) ©pi. ob. ptqrqtyy 

=»ptq>ry 
image 
pi. ptkryu Krab. Insc. 17.12; W Lii 54721, 

54828, 578; BBB b40 ; GMS 987 

7735 ptkrnt- B o*_s.iO>J'*J» 
patkrand ©<*pati- krnt ^ptkr'st- 

GcOcut through, GcOtear off 

SCE 377; BSTBL, Dhy. 97; GMS 152; BBB 50 



7736 ptkrnt'k B oC;«juJ 
patkrande (ptkrnt ()) y) 

cutting out 

SCE 41, 254, 260 

7737 ptkrnt c,) y =¥ ptkrnt'k 

7738 ptqry C JLijx 
patkare (ptkr'y) ©voc. ptqr\ pi -f; ob. pi. -/y 

^ptq^y, ptkr'k 
image 

STii 5.4, 5, 42; BSTi 238, 244, 247, 257; BSTi 284 

7739 ptqry sp'sqy* C J^^^. 
patkare spasakya 

idolatryGiws/up of idols) 

C2, 40V7 

7740 ptqry-sp'sy C ^~oi^e 
patkare-spase ©pi. -/ 

worshiper of idols, idolist 

apud. S W, C2 p85, 7 



(jL-^L^OU-jK; ttj&j 



^j 



7741 ptqryst J n C 
patkarestan ©ob. -y 
idol temple 

BSTi 234, 242, 279 

7742 ptkryty ^p'sy M Mc* J^ 

patkarct/i-spase ^ptqry-sp'sy, sp'sy 

idolatry 

Sogdica. pl5.12, 13 

7743 ptkry(y) =* ptkrq 

7744 ptqryy =* ptkrq 

7745 ptqsc =» ptqsty 

7746 ptqsty C 
patkasc, patksste (ptqsc) ©pp.& m. ; f. ptqsc\ 

pi. -t ^prkys-, ptq*s, ptqysty 
imprisoned 
C2, 94R16, 25V18, 64V28 

7747 ptkwc- B tfl^)^\J$* r >y*to*J , £}j**to*J'{* 

(^ 

patkoc =»>qwc- 

GcOthread, fish angle 

SCE 85 n p35 ; Gersh. IF 75, 1970 p306 

7748 ptkwytyy M oJ ^c ' J -^ i< ^ ti .^ <*j£v^5 
patkuyde ©pp. =^ptkwc- 

hanged, hooked, pierced 
BBB f74 

7749 ptkwn B, S Ujf j'j «_aJI^> idj^s* 
patkon ^ptkNvnOO 



311 



ptkwn 



imprisonment, confinement 
BSTii 827.56: C2, 94V 26 pl77 

7725 ptkNvn(h) B, S ju"^<jlifc^Jo<Oj^jlj<^^ 
patkon =»ptkwn 

contrary, upside-down, heretical 

TSP; BSTBL, Dhu. 118, 217, 245, 256; SCE 467; 

O 1 16; Frag. Len. 65.12; Hen. Texts. 716, 92.6; 

TSP 2.315, 351, 488, 744, 3.248, 5.121, 6.24, 9.58, 

98; -A, TSP 2.109, 742 

7726 ptkNvny* B >\jjj i^Jjf c^ju i^Ju^ c-pju ^Jj^I 
patkonya (pt^wnyh) 

heresy, perversion 

BSTBL, Dhu. 241, Vim. 14; TSP 9.123 

7727 ptk'wnyh =» ptk'wny' 

7728 ptkmcy S jU^ 
patkamci ? 

throat 

Frag. Len. 37.7 

7729 ptkntw S J&&lf <{^~> 
patk(o)ntu ? (ptkyn) 

guilty 

Anc. Lett. 4.3; BBB p89.763 ; GMS 148 

7730 ptkr'k B,S J^><J* 
patkare (ptkr>y) ©<OP patikara ©ace. 

ptkr y w\ pi. -r ^ptk'r*, ptk^kh, ptq>ry, ptqry 
image 
TSP 6.135 ; SCE 90, 94, 22a, BSTBL, Dhy. 17 etc.; 

KG 475, 583; ptkr'w, SCE 87; Dhy. 120; 

ptkr'kw, Dhy. 29, 143; KG 631; ptkr'yU Dhy. 

139, 151, 219; ptkr'yk ? TSP 2.646 n pl77 

7731 ptkr'nt- =* ptkrnt- 

7732 ptkr'st- S ^ j^ 
patkraste ©pt. st. ; inf. -y =»ptkrnt- 

{to)cut 

Frag. Len. 48a3, -t\v, 84 b 2 

7733 ptkr'y =» ptkr>k, ptqry 

7734 ptkrq M, S J^<J& 
patkare (ptkry(y), ptqryy) ©pi. ob. ptqrqtyy 

=*ptq>ry 

image 

pi. ptkryu Krab. Insc. 17.12; W Lii 547.21, 
548.28, 578; BBB b40 ; GMS 987 

7735 ptkrnt- B o*ji'0>J'*J* 
patkrand ©<*pati- krnt =*ptkr>st- 

0<?)cut through, (ro)tear off 

SCE 377; BSTBL, Dhy. 97 ; GMS 152; BBB 50 



7736 ptkrnt'k B jC*«>juJ 
patkrande (ptkrnt (>) y) 

cutting out 

SCE 41, 254, 260 

7737 ptkrnt ()) y =» ptkrnt'k 

7738 ptqry C J^^J^ 
patkare (ptkr'y) ©voc. ptqr\ pi. -t-> ob. pi. -ty 

=»ptq } ry, ptkr>k 
image 

STii 5.4, 5, 42; BSTi 238, 244, 247, 257; BSTi 284 

7739 ptqry sp^qy* C lt-o^ 
patkare spasakya 

idolatryCuwj/z/p of idols) 
C2, 40V7 

7740 ptqry-sp } sy C c*- ^c- 
patkare-spase ©pi. -/ 

worshiper of idols, idolist 

apud. S W, C2 p85, 7 



((JL^^X^)(jl^-*jlxJ lajS^j 



J*} 



7741 ptqryst'n C 
patkarestan ©ob. -y 
idol temple 
BSTi 234, 242, 279 

7742 ptkryty Vsy M <Uc 

patkarct/i-spase ^ptqry-sp^y, sp>sy 

idolatry 

Sogdica. pl5.12, 13 

7743 ptkry(y) =* ptkrq 

7744 ptqryy =* ptkrq 

7745 ptqsc =» ptqsty 

7746 ptqsty C 
patkasc, patkoste (ptqsc) ©pp.& m.; f. ptqsc-, 

pi. -f =»prkys-, ptq>s, ptqysty 
imprisoned 
C2, 94R16, 25V18, 64V28 

7747 ptkwc- B c^)^U;L^9 <u^^'j>- i&J'^ 

(^ 
patkoc =» } qwc- 

GeOthread, fish angle 

SCE 85 n p35 ; Gersh. IF 75, 1970 p306 

7748 ptkwytyy M •jiij-l J ^. «u^jT «ax^5 
patkuydc ©pp. =*ptkwc- 

hanged, hooked, pierced 
BBB f 74 

7749 ptkwn B, S oj'jh <oJi^ «j^r* 
patkon ^pt^wnCh) 



ptkwnwyi^k 



312 



upside-down, contrary 

TSP 7.88, 1320; Sund. MHC 372, 5 p31 

7750 ptkwnwyn } k B <vjtll^ juj I l^2jȣj> 

patkon-wene =»ptkwyn } y 

heretical view, having heretical views 

TSP 5.121; SCE 467; Mack. BSTBL, Intox. 20 

7751 ptkwn wyn'y B -» ptkwnwyn>k 

7752 ptkwyn'y B jakijf ijsj* 
patkwene ? (ptkwn wyn*y) ©pres. part, 
heretical 

SCE 470 n p40.41 

7753 ptkyn =* ptkntw 

7754 ptqys- C o^J'o^i^J'^j 
patkes =»prkys- 

(ro)imprison, (to)confine, (fo)hide 
C2, ptqstq\ 51V 4-5 

7755 ptqysty C ^Uj 
patkeste ©pp.; pi. -t =»ptqsty 

imprisoned 

C2, 25V18, 64V 28; S W, BSOAS 1979, 133-4 

7756 ptm }> k B <L^t 6 j\x\ 
patmak (ptm>k, ptm'q) ©<*pati-may- 

^ptm^y, »pw ptn^k 

measure 

- f £, Dhy. 88; Intox. 31; Frag. Len. 4.3, -'kt-'q-, 
TSP 2.998; BSTBL, Padm. 42; Hen. BSOAS 
12.309.13; BSTii 905.26: C2 pl23, 57V26; MSP 
e21 ; ptrrtky, Padm. 39; pr ptm } k, "equally" 
BBB f53 ; ptm'kh, MSP bll; GMS 980 

7757 ptmWk S J^I^U^U 
patma5e ©Smad- 

substance, matter 

Sund. MHC p27.36.10 V5 p2 8n 47 

7758 ptm'k B, M, S =» ptm»k 

7759 ptm } q C =» ptm*k 

7760 ptm } nh S j^eiCjU* 
patman 

contract 
Anc. Lett. 5.22 

7761 ptm't'y B J*l*.<*jLuk 
patmate ©*pati-mata-; Parth. pdrrtdg ©pp. of 

*ptm!y- 
measured, frugal 
SCE 155 

7762 ptmVyt- S -» ptmwyt- 



7763 ptm'wyt'k B, M .jl^ 
patmuyde (ptirtwytk) =»ptmwyty(y), ptirtync- 
covered, dressed 

GMS 848, 855, 858; VJ 921; KG 615 . 

7764 ptmNvytk -* ptn^wyt'k 

7765 ptmNvk* B -uU ^lij, 
patmok ©Smauk =*ptmwk 

garment 
BSTBL, Vim. 87 

7766 ptmVkh S J^x^^y, 
patmok 

garment 

Sund. MHC p27, 36.10 R9 

7767 ptm'ync- B o^y^b^y, 
patmi/enc (ptmc-) ©<*pati-minca-, 

<*pati-munca ^ptm'wytfk, ptmync- 
(ro)dress 
GMS 119, 334, 600; EGSii 21, patmenc 

<* pati-muncaya-, impf. ppyrriync, VJ; 

ptymync, TSP 1326; BSTii 905.22: C2, 57V22, 

23 ; KG 607 

7768 ptmc- =* ptm'ync-, *ptmnc- 

7769 *ptmnc- B d±Ay r < jJui^U 
patmi(n)c (ptmc-) ©3pl. impf. payment 

=»ptmync- 
0<?)dress 

VJ 872; GMS 334 • 

7770 ptmwydV- C ==» ptmwytS'r- 

7771 ptmwyt- B, M ( J>> >^ j^)( j^j^jJ^ r 
patmuyd ©<*pati-muxta% Av. pads muxta-, 

Parth. padmuxt- ©pt. st. =»ptmync- 
(fo)dress 
GMS 536 

7772 ptmwytSV- M OJLi^U 
patmuydar (ptmwyd'r-) ©perf. st. 

(fo)dress 

Hen. Tales. 478, 7; STi ; STii ptmwYty <5V- ; BBB 
488 

7773 ptmwyty(y) M, C u^^ 
patmuyde ©pp. ^ptn^ync-, ptmwyt-, 

ptm'wyt^ 
dressed 
GMS 848, 855, 858; BBB 561, 667; Sund. AoFviii 

1981 p204, 24V 1 

7774 ptmwk M ^UcS^x 
patmok (ptmwq) ©Smauk\ Parth. padmog; 






313 



P*ps- 



MP paymog ^ptnVwk* 
garment, dress 
GMS 957; BBB ; Hen. Cosm. 307, 15, 62; BSTii 

836.3: C2, 108R3; Bailey. Prolexis. 153 

7775 ptmwq C => ptmwk 

7776 ptmwxs- M o*£ tfjuo^y, 
patmuxs ©<*pati- muxsa- ©impf. ptymwxs 
(to)dvcss oneself 

GMS 825; AVS 73 

7777 ptmy88yy =» ptmy5y(y) 

7778 ptmy5y(y) M djjj 
patmeBe (ptmy55yy) 

daily \ 

GMS 1140; BBB 674, 720 al ; MSP bl2 ; -y/z, BBB 
750 

7779 ptmync- B, M, C ( jj^> j^> >>) J^> 7 
patminc, patmenc ©Parth. padmoz; MP pemoz 

Khot. pamjs\ Isk. pomuc\ Sark. pamec; Sankl. 
pumec; Wakh. pumec ©impf. pt (>) ym (>) ync 
=»ptmwyt-, ptnVync-, *ptmnc- 

(ro)dress 

GMS 334, 600 ; C2, 57V22, 23; AVS 73 

7780 ptmync't- M o^x 
patmincat ©Parth. pdmw^d ©pt. st. 

=»ptmync- 
(to)dress 
GMS 536 

7781 ptmyncny M e-ui^ 
patmincne, patmencne ©pi. -r =»ptmync- 
dressing x 

GMS 892 

7782 ptn M >s. 
pat(t)an ©loc. -y } =»pttn 

town 

GMS 1183; BBB 698 

7783 ptn } ym- B o*^iSJ^% 'u^X-M* 
patnem ®<pati-namya "to bend back" 
(^imitate 

SCE 144; Gersh. Advice. 79f 

7784 ptn } ym B J^ <±& 
patnem ©ob. -y ^ptnym 1 

imitation, inclination 

Benv. "despise" ? ; TSP 2.142; Gersh. Advice. 80 

7785 ptnmy } C =» ptnymy* 

7786 ptnw } k(w) S =» ptnwy(y) 



7787 ptnwb C *u^- 
patnuP ? 

beating 

STi 6.12; BSTii 853.3, 862.10; C2, 7R17, 25R 10 ; 
S W, C2 p53 

7788 ptnwy(y) M y$«J»& 
patnawe (ptnw>k(w)) 

again 

Sund. KG pl88, 449; MSP b75-6 ; GMS 1140, 
ptnwyy Sfityk 

7789 ptn-xwzqy } C o>^ J^yr i^^ji* 
patn ? -xuzakya =*ptyrnxwjyy 

seeking excuse 

S W, C2 n p99, 51V22 

7790 ptnym 1 M, B ^jS^^r <J^~" <■*-** 
patnem (ptnyym) ©pi. -t ^j^ptnym, 

'zn^tnym, ptn } ym 
imitation, inclination, direction 
BBB 525; GMS 957; Gersh. Advice. 79-80 

7791 ptnym 2 C jlj^jmj^-'JJI 
patnem ©<*pati-naima ©pi. -f 

trapping, gear 

BSTii 835.8: C2, 105R8 

7792 ptnymy* C j^juLojj^ <^L^! j 
patnemya 

advice 

BSTii 831.23, 892.13, 898.109; Gersh. Advice. 77; 
C2, 31R 12-3, 55V19, 102V23 

7793 ptnyy M -* ptn 

7794 ptnyym M =» ptnym 1 

7795 ptnyyz M 
patnez ? ©Av. naeza =»ptnyz- 
roasted 

Sogdica. p41 n 16 

7796 ptnyyz- S ==» ptnyz- 

7797 ptnyz- C &f^ 
patnez ? (ptnyyz-) =»ptnyyz 
(f<?)roast 

STii 4.27 p593 ; Sogdica. 39.25 

7798 p9p , r =4 p0Pr 

7799 ptprNv S 
patfraw =»pt0r*w, ptfr'w 
memory 
Anc. Lett. 2, 44 

7800 ptps- =* ptfs- 



e JLiOL_ 



* tO* 



J'ok 



J*. 



Ja\s>- ol 



ptpt'yn 



314 



7801 ptpt'yn B, M, S crA-* *odl^ <*€ U>. 
patpatin (ptptyn) =»ptyn\ pt>yn 

separately, opposite 

TSP 10.27; BSTBL, Dhu. 130; KG 483; Frag. Len. 
6R4, 88.7; GMS 1080 

7802 ptpt > yn )) wy =* ptpt > yn , w > k 

7803 ptpt'ynWk B ^Jj^ icJJb* 
patpatinawe (ptp^yn'wy, ptp^ynw^, 

ptptyn } w>k) 
opposition, isolation 
SCE 277; BSTBL, Dhu. 34; Benv. JA 1951 

Notesvii 124; GMS 1082, 1032 n 1, ptpt'yn'cw; 

GMS 420, 1080 

7804 ptpt'ynw'k =» ptpt'ynWk 

7805 ptptyn S =» ptptyn 

7806 ptptynWk B =» ptpt'ynWk 

7807 ptpy(y) M jy<i^ 
patd)ap(e) ? ©<*pati-tapah =*pttpy 

lamp, light 

GMS 81 ; BBB 84.717 

7808 ptr-* M,C (j^^^^ju 
p(i)tar, pitr (ptry(y)) ©<pitar ©nom. -y(y>, 

ace. -w; ob. -y ; abl. -> ; pi. -/> ; ob. pi. n. -ty y 

=^ > BY (,) , >ptr- 
father 
GMS 178, 303, 1168, 1174, 1179; C2 gloss.; STi 

75.3, 5, 8, 10.8; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 217; STii 

1.34, 50, 4.14, 5.7, 11, 33; MSP cl3 -yy(hk 

W-Li; BBB 

7809 ptr- M io>j& :Jj^S)jjS y> jqxjSqs^ ijj^f 

f/potar =»ftr-, 'pt'r- 

0<9)pull out(hair) 

GMS 89; Hen. JRAS 1944, 143n 4 

7810 ptr^m- B oxb^j.^J' J^y^^J'^S^ 
patram (ptr'm-) ©<*pati-rama 

(ro)calm, (to)appease, (r<?)extinguish, (to)stop 
GMS 581; TSP 2.443, 464, 16.40, 23.9; BSTBL, 
Dhy. 225; MDii pi 74.3; MDiii; Frag. 5.9; MSP 
bl33 el9 ; inf. ->y, Dhy. 225, 270, 334; TSP 
23.15; AVS 74 

7811 ptr^'y ■* ptr>p>k 

7812 ptr>p>k B, S ^ Vi >,u 
patraPe (ptr^'y) 

stick 

TSP 5.72, 11 n p200 ; GMS 1254; Frag. Len. 81.6 



7813 ptr'm B o^"{lj*<J^jl 
patram ©MP padram 

calm, peace 
STii 9.17 n p593 

7814 ptr'm- B, M, S =» ptr»m- 

7815 ptr*ms- B jJ&fljT 
patrams ©med. pass. st. 

(to)be appeased 

Frag. 2a.8 ; GMS 811, 828 

7816 ptr } mt- B b^^ < o>J^J 
patramt ©pt. st. =»ptr*m- 

(ro)calm, (rc)appease 

TSP ; STii; Frag. 5.9, S W, IIJ 1976, 49; -/>, pot. 
pass., TSP 2.234; GMS 884 

7817 ptr'mty B ^jJ i^lji 
patramte ©pp ; ace. -w t f. - } 

appeased 

TSP 2.234, 8.202 

7818 ptr'nk S (^jjsij^^jj^ijy^i^ 
patrang =*prtrxs-, ptrnng 

oppression 

Mack. AI 25, 425, 13 n p427.4 

7819 ptr'wpCw) S =» ptrwp 

7820 ptr>y5 B, M J<^J\ ^y/\ 
patreO ©< % pati-iri6iya\ SraO =»ptry8- 
mixture, mixing 

SCE 49 ; GMS 587, 755; BBB p69, 560, 581, 
ptrySS 

7821 ptr'yS- B, S, M <1 p^T 
patreS (ptry9-) ©impf. pt C)) yry6 ^ptryst- 1 , 

ptryS- 
(to)m\x 
TSP 2.356, 774, 3.276, 289, 14.5, 19.9, 8.177; SCE; 

BBB f35 ; BSTBL, Padm. 41; O 1 8 ; Frag. Len. 

92,8, 11; GMS 587 

7822 ptHyS'k B j*yS\ 
patreSe ©ob. -y =*ptry5y(y) 

mixture 

TSP 2.884, 815 

7823 ptr>ys- B o>f*>\ 
patres ©<*pati- rais; A v. raeh Khot. birata 

©inf. -y =»ptrys- 
Go)tear apart 
TSP 2.458 n pl75; GMS 662; Prolexis. 24 

7824 ptr>yz- B o^VU bifxl tj^j\ 
patrez (ptr'y?-) ©<*pati-razaya-, Parth. 



315 



ptrysc* 



&\J\ 



J* J- J <Jjk <ojW 



; L^ <l£>H j^y 



padraz ©caus. st. =*ptrz- 
(/cOraise up, (r<?)erect 
BSTBL, Vim. 29, 55, 99 

7825 ptr'yz- =* ptr'yz- 

7826 ptr'yzt- B 
patrezt ©pp. ^pti^yz- 
erected 
Vim. 55, BSTBL; pot. +wn- 

7827 ptr } z B 
patraz 
dimension 
TSP 2.964 n pl81 

7828 ptryws C =* ptrwxs-, ptrwysty 

7829 ptrq>n C => ptrk>n 

7830 ptrk>n M jlf ^ 
pitarkan (ptrq } n) 

heritage, patrimony 

BBB all; GMS 226; Tales. 470.56; STi 21.8, 24.4; 
C2«51R 6: BSTii 885.6 

7831 ptrk'ndt M of 
pitarkand ©pi. 

heirs 

BBB 569; Benv. Titres et Noms Propres. 17 

7832 ptrq'n xwV C Jj^^^'^Jj 
pitarkan-xwar ©pi. -/ 

heir 

STi 21.8, 83.19; Sund. AoFviii 1981, 20R 19 pl74 
n55, 21V 6-7 pl80 

7833 ptrst- M O^jlJ.^1^1 
patrast ©<*pati- rasta\ Parth. padrast- ©pt. 

st. perf. st. ptrstwS } r- =*ptrz- 
(to)erect 
GMS 176; BBB; Hen. BSOAS 12, 312.85; W-Lii 



jj 



^JJUJb ijjj\j$j*M <^J<li*l Jl 



u* 



zXJ\ 



7834 ptrstr M 
patrastar 
more exalted 
GMS 1285, 1306 

7835 ptrstyy M 
patraste ©pp. 
erected 

Sogdica. 52.6, GMS 1285; ptrstw&r-, W-Lii, 516 

7836 ptrw'z- B o>J'>jj^j<o>J'>ji~~*<d>J' { jsfj^ 
patrwaz ? ©<*pati-wraza-\ Skt. varj-\ A v. 

urvag ^ptr'ywstk 
(/cOintercept 
GMS 128, 257; JRAS 1942, 99; Schwartz. HMV 



*-UUr <^UflT tzjy>-j> 



391 

7837 ptrw'z'kCw) B 
patrwaze ? ©<*Av. urvag 
encounter, interception 
Benv. VJ 841 n p95 

7838 ptrw8- M j^jto-^jj 
patro5 ©<*pati- rauda ©impf. ptyrwS 

=*ptrwst-, ptryst- 2 
(to)grow 
BBB 580 p74 ; GMS 622; AVS 114 

7839 ptrwysty B <^ojjl~* 
patruxste ? ©pp. =^rwxs, 'ptr'ywstk 
obstructed 

SCE 85; GMS 170, 257; Benv. J A 1943, 43-5, 116 

7840 ptrwyty C a^^jj^j* 
patruyde ©pp. 

obstructed 

Schwartz. HMV 391, pt. of ptrwxs- 

7841 ptrwp M JL^iy>i**\s<£sl>\&>ti*.\ 
patrup ©fraup-; Khot. pruva; Skt. ropaya- 
fortress, ditch 

BBB b36 p93 ; ptr y wpw, KG 584; Bailey. BSOAS 
13,921,25 

7842 ptrwst- S(M) ^o^jj 
patrust ©*pati-rusta =^ptryst- 2 , ptrwS- 
(to)grow 

KG 393; ptrwsty, C2 n p76 

7843 ptrwxs- C 
patruxs ©2sg. impv. -> 
0<?)shut up, (r<9)cease speaking 
BSTii 873.15: C2, 66R 15 

7844 ptryS- B, M 
patreS ©impf. pfyryS =»ptryst-*, pt^yS- 
(ro)mix, OcOmingle 

BBB p69 f35, 560; GMS 587, 638 n 1, 755; Frag. 
Len. 69.29, 32; TSP 19.16, O 1 8, IT 

7845 ptry5S M ==» ptr>y5 

7846 ptry88c >} M ^T<*u^.T 
patreOca ? ©f. adj. 

mixed 

GMS 581, 734, 1239, 1273 

7847 ptry8y(y) M ^T,<z^T 
patreOe ©pres. part. ^pt^yS^ 

mixed, mixing 

GMS 1239, 965; BBB 591 

7848 ptrysc* M JU^«4»wT 



l-S~*)jj\&2 



Cr^ ] 



ptryst- 



316 



patrisca ©f. pp. ^ptrys^k 
mixed 

GMS 1272; Hen. BSOAS 12, 312, 119; BBB p69, 
560 

7849 ptryst- 1 M, C j^J\ 
patrist ©<*pati-irista- ©pt. st, =*ptry5-, 

ptr > y5- 
(to)mix 
GMS 587; BBB p69.560 ; C2, 31V18 n p76.12 

7850 ptryst- 2 C o-^jj * j=-*j 
patra/ist ©pati-rusta- ©pt. st. =»ptrw5-, 

ptrwst- 
(ro)grow 
BSTii 893.12: C2, 31V 12, inf. ptrysty n p76, 12 

7851 ptryst'k B <^J~\ 
patriste (ptrystyy, ptrystk) ©pp. =»ptrysc } 
mixed 

TSP 22.3; STii 10.17; GMS 1272; BBB p69, 560 

7852 ptrystk =» ptryst>k 

7853 ptrystyy M =» ptryst'k 

7854 ptrys- M j^>, 
patres ©<*pati-rais; Khot. birata\ A v. raes 

©impf. ptyrys ^ptr } ys- 
(to)tear apart 
GMS 662; BBB 490, 501 b98 

7855 ptrystyy M ojiiojl <oJb^ 
patriste, patreste ©pp. 

torn apart 

BBB 492; GMS 1638 

7856 ptryt C *,sjAjj iO^ka <JAa* 
patret ©postp. + gen. 

opposite, against, towards 
S W, C2 gloss. 

7857 ptryB- =» ptr>y8- 

7858 ptry(y) -* ptr- 1 

7859 ptryz B ? >y^ £ J^ 
patrez/z ? 

desire ?, raising ? 

Mack. BSTBL n p61-2, Dhy. 308, 315 

7860 ptrz- B, C jj£ j\J^ < jjiiouL < j» jVl 
patraz ©<*pati-raza-\ Parth. padraz 

^pt^yzt-, ptrst- 
(to)rist up, (ro)become exalted , 
BSTBL, Dhu. 219; C2, 49R 28, 48R 17; BSTii 

826.28; STi apud. Sund. AoFi 1974 p23, 7V16; 

AVS80 



7861 ptrzty C ^n&fllijij^ 
patrazte ©pp. ^ptr'yzt- 

raised, erected 

STi 45.16, Benv. JA 1943, 45, 115 

7862 pts w q M =» pts>k 

7863 pts } c- M, C tf^j\ to* J ' *4^ l ir>^ < lp^c-wjj 
patsac ©<*pati-saca\ Parth. passaz-% MP 

passaz- ©impf. ptys*c ^pts'yt-, ptsxs- 
0d?)arrange, (fo)order 
GMS 591; Gersh. AHM 257; C2, 27V 26; Hen. 

BBB pl32; BSOAS 12, 312, 71, 77, 113 ; AVS 73 

7864 pts>d C =» pts>5 2 

7865 ptsW M y>fe<J&- 
patsaS ©<*pati-sadaya-\ Ssad-\ Av. saSaya 
appearance, shape 

Hen. BSOAS 11, 68.7; GMS 957 

7866 pts^ 2 S * jj ^-U ij** tojj 
patsa5/6 (pts>d) ©<*pati- sa6a\ A v. Ssa "to 

protect; fchad" to cover" 
shield, armour 
MDii pi 56.4; Schwartz. STSC 138.28, 146.6 

np441 ; S W, C2pl79-180 

7867 pts } yt- B j^j'&Jfry 
patsayd ©pt. st. =»pts } c-, ptsyt- 

(r<9)adorn 

VJ ; TSP; BBB, ptsYtw&r- 

7868 pts'yt'k- -=> ptsytyy 

7869 pts'yt'w B =* pts'ytk 

7870 pts^tch B ^^i^\jl 
patsaxca ©f. pp. -^pts'ytk, ptsyc* 

adorned, inlaid 

VJ I6 b , 40<, 1169, 1258; GMS 1272 

7871 pts'ytk B, S (•jlw:J^)^ > .<4^IjT 
patsayde ©<*pati-saxtaka ©pp. ^pt^yty*, 

ptsytyy 

adorned, inlaid 

-A, VJ 15 b , 527; TSP 5.54; MDii; Frag. Len. 71.11, 

12; ->w, VJ 1170; -Jt Wf VJ 588; -y, VJ 334; O 3 

11 

7872 pts'yty 1 S <^U 
patsayde ^pts^tk 

built 

Sund. MHC p24, 36.2 R4 

7873 pts^ty 2 B => pts>ytk 

7874 pts'q C =» pts>k 



317 



ptsmfr 



7875 pts'k M, S jjj\ ^ i^j «Lj 
patsak (pts»q, pts } q) ©pi. -t =»pts>kh 
foundation, order, arrangement 

GMS 959; BBB 725 dll; C2, 31R7, 54V23, 
55R30; Sogdica. 21.14; pts'q, Sogdica. 55.12b 

7876 pts'kh S ^L^b^ 
patsak =»pts } k 

order, monument 

KG 621; Karab. Insc. 15.1, 2, 19.17 21.23; Bugut. 
Insc. Livsic. AO Hung. 1972, 72B1.1 

7877 pts^trmyk B x^ j j^. <«jbju~ 4 
patsandarmik =»ptsynt } rmyk 

pleasant, acceptable 
TSP 6.34; GMS 1105 

7878 pts'p- B O^juw <ujuTj^ 
patsap 

(to)be pleasing, (to)please 

SCE 487; BSTBL, Vim. 190; Benv. Notesi 33 

7879 ptsV B, S, M crr * c^J^^ i u Ji^ Os^ ^ 
patsar (pyts>r) ^s'r 1 

opposite, contrary, backwards 
TSP ; VJ ; MD ; Hen. Tales. 466.3; Cosm. 311.67; 
MSP bl71, 178; Frag. Len. 

7880 ptsV C jA'^'s-ti*! 
patsar 

head (of a fod)^ pillow 

C2 p99 51V26, §R27 ; BSTii 904.27 

7881 pts^k B | ^^cj*< 
patsare 
head, skull 
TSP 3282, 291, 298 n pl99, 282 

7882 pts } r8 B, S | ^tj^t 
patsar8 =»ptsr5f pytsrS 

then, accordingly, consequently 
BSTBL, Intox. 9; Dhy. ; STii 9.9; TSP 2.405 & etc.; 
Hen. Tales. 476.8; O 1 14; Frag. Len. 38.9 etc. 

7883 ptsNvc- B, S CpJ'^jj <0*l j>- ij*>~y+ 
patsoc ©<*pati-sauca ©impf. ptyswc 

=»ptswc-, ptswys- 
(r<9)burn, (fo)light, (fo)kindle 
BSTBL, Intox. 3 

7884 pts'wc'k »* pts } wc>y 

7885 ptsWy B o^jr"^** 
patsoce (pts'wc'k) ©inf. ^pts'wc- 

burning 

SCE 221, 493; TSP 3.227, 6.106, 125, 135, 137, 
170 



7886 pts*wk> B, S ^jj<c^j^ 
patsok ^ptsVc-, ptswys- 

burning, flame 

O 7 5: Frag. Len. 93.5 

7887 pts'ynt- B OJbJu-w 
patsend ©*pati-sandaya ©impf. ppys^ynt 

=^ptsynt- 
(to)please, (to)approve 
TSP 2.442, 873; VJ 1146, 263 

7888 pts } yntrmyk B oJuju-j 
pat sendarmik ^ptsynd^myk, pts*ntrmyk 
agreeable 

BSTBL, Padm. 3S 

7889 ptsdtwSV- S jjujuw 
patsa(n)tu5ar ©<*ptsdt- ©perf. st. ^pt^ynt- 
(to)approve 

Bugut. Insc. B2.8; LivsiQ. AO, Hung. 26, 1972, 72 

7890 ptsyc> M wj^-cJjT 
patsaxca ©f. pp. -^pt^ytch 

arranged , :. 

Hen. BSOAS 12.307.40; CMS 849, 1272; BBB 
pl32 1 



7891 ptsyt- M -^ ^Iji <^u 
patsayd ©Parth. MP pssaxt- ©pt. inf. ptsYty 
=»pts } c-, pts } Yt- |f f 
(to Mild, (to)make f| f 


Hen. Cosm. 312.73 


r 'PJs 


7892 ptsytr- M 
patsaydar 
more arranged 
-yy, GMS 1284 


J?- 

6& 


7893 ptsytyk S W >UT 
patsaydik 
prepared 
MDiii p73.10 n p74; MDii A-1R9, 10, -/z, n pl43 


7894 ptsytyy M («.u~, <«jll^ : Jj~j)<*Jj> «uJj7 
patsayde (pts^k-) ©pp. ^pts^tk 
arranged 

GMS 1272; BBB f74 ; Hen. Cosm. 312.73; perf. 
ptsrtw$ } r- y BBB 563 


7895 ptsyw S jv-l <<J*jju <jll- 
patsaxu 

document, answer 

MDii A- 13, 7, A-7, 5 p74.5, A- 16, 11 pi 39.11 
n pl40 ; MDiii p64.5, 70.11, 71.7 


7896 ptsmV- B =» ptsm'i 





ptspyn- 



318 



7897 ptspyn- C o*j>.^ 
patspin ©<*pati-spanya~; *span 

(to)be useful 

C2, 51V16 n p98, 3sg. fut. ptspyntyq' 

7898 ptsrNv- B JiJ'^jz idJil^jj 
patraw ©<*pati-srawa- 

consecrate 

TSP 14.6, 9 ; BSTBL, Padm. 43, 54, 56, 58; inf. ->y, 
TSP 7.143, 8.109, 120, 125, 143 

7899 ptsrS B, M, S ^ ^ <o^ ^ 
patsar5 ^pts^S, pytsrS 

consequently 

TSP 7.46, 159, 180, 16.26, 12.2; Frag. Len. 49.6 
etc. 

7900 ptsrtqy* M ^U^l ^ju^l- ^jj^ 
patsartakya ©Av. sardta 

frozen, cooled 

Sogdica. 21.13b n p22 ; GMS 985 

7901 ptsrwm B <j^j=>-±jj <uj~il <^ ^jj 
patsrum ©Av. sraoman 

mantra, charm 

TSP 2.797, 8.80 & etc.; VJ 29 b ; BSTBL, padm. 54; 
Vim. 123; ->y, TSP 14.6 

7902 ptsrwm- B o^J'o^^o^y^^^ 
patsrum 

(flutter a charm 
TSP 7.67 

7903 ptst't B, M, C ^ ^jIjuL ij&~>\ 
patstat ©<*patistdta; pati-stdta-, fsta\ Av. 

paitistatai 
resistance, defence, persistence 
GMS 552n 1; TSP 12.19, 20 ; BBB pl04 f63 ; C2, 

23R8; Gersh. apud. MSP p51 bl73, 175; -/w, 

TSP 8.136 

7904 ptswc- B dzf^ij'j^jr* 
patsoc ©impf. ptyswc ^ptsNvc- 

(ro)burn, (to)light, (fo)kindle 
Frag. Len. 93.5: O 2 5 

7905 ptswys- B o^^jj'j^-j** 
patsuxs (ptwxs-) ©<pati-suxsa-\ fsauk- 

©med. pass. st. 
(to)be lit 
SCE 276; GMS 1518 

7906 ptswyt'kCw) M aJ^rjj 
patsuyde, patsuydaku ©pp. =»ptswyty 

lit 

Hen. Tales. 478.5 



7907 ptswyty C ^^jj 
patsuyde ©pi. -r ^ptswyt^Cw) 

lit 

STi 38.1; GMS 837 

7908 ptswxs- M =» ptswys- 

7909 ptsxs- M oJii^Uu-^^ cjj£<±-1« 
patsaxs ©med. pass. st. =»pts } c- 

(rc)be arranged, (f<?)be performed 
Hen. JRAS 1944, 142; GMS 825 

7910 ptsynch S L*| ^!jb<(JL jr'^^Jj 

patsenc 

currency 

MDii p22, Nov. 4 R21 p22 

7911 ptsynd- M u-k-^ 
patsend =»ptsynt- 

(to)be pleased, 0<?)approve 
GMS 643, 645 

7912 ptsynd'rmyk M ojux-, 
patsendarmik ©pi. -r ^ptsynt'rmyk, 

pts'yntrmyk 
agreeable, acceptable, pleasant 
GMS 1105, 1243 

7913 ptsyndny M oxx-w < xJ J*y>- 
patsendne ©pi. -r ; pres. part. 

agreeable, pleasing 
GMS 892 

7914 ptsynt- B, C, S ujujll^ <o>X-U* 
patsend ©impf. ptysynt; inf. ptsynty 

=»ptsynd-, pts^nt- 
(fo)be pleased, (to)consent 
Anc. Lett. 1.7; MDii Nov. 3R14 p21, 30; C2, 

13R23; TSP 13 ii3 

7915 ptsyntVmyk B <a^ 
patsendarmik =»ptsynd } rmyk 

agreeable, acceptable 
TSP 7.134 

7916 pts'dty* C ol/^ljT^U. 
patsa8tya (pts'StyO ^pc'ty 1 

rest, gratification 

BSTii 911.60; Benv. Et. i 319; C2, 7V22, 61V 30, 
68V3 p54 ; GMS 269, 1070 

7917 pts'Sty* =* pts>dty> 

7918 pts>dy C ^T.c^l; 
patsa5e ©adj. =»pc } dy 

at rest 



319 



ptsmyrty 



BSTii 842.13.36; Benv. Et. 1, 313; C2 p54, 60V3, 
68R13 

7919 pts»dy wn- C O^f'jT 
patsaSe wan 

(to)give rest 
C2 V3, 68R13 

7920 pts'knp S jj, X cO^ 
patskanp -^ptsknp 

ceiling 

MDii A-5, 26 pl8L26n pi 85; MDiii p51.26 

7921 pts'nkh B, S ^J^cJi^^J^cJl 
patsang ©<*pati-\ Ssan =*ptsng, pcng 
torture instrument, cross ^ 

VJ 250; GMS 164; ob. -yh, KG 592 

7922 ptsk } p- S jS&.cdzJ'*^ 
patskaf (pcq } f-, ptsk } f, ptsq'f-) ©impf. ptysq y f 

=*pskfs-, 'nsk'fyy 

(r^)split 

BBB p55.491, 509; MSP b28 e7 ; BSTii 895.48: C2, 
54V18pl06 "be diffused" 

7923 ptsk'f M =» ptsk } p- 

7924 ptsq'f- C =» ptsk>P- 

7925 ptsknp B (^J jijyT ^l ^V t/-^ ' u^ T 
patskanp ©MP pdy skmb\ Arm. patskam ©ob. 

-y =*pts } knp 

drip stone, eaves, porch 

SCE 91; TSP 2.1015; GMS 367A 

7926 ptskr5- B ? 0^ 
patskar5 ©fskard ^skr5 } k, wyskyrSy 
{to)c\it ? 

TSP 21.ii, 2 ; Bailey. Prolexis. 347 

7927 ptsqw'd'r- C j£ 
patskwaSar- (ptskw^r-) ©perf. st. 

(to)tell 

STii 4.7, 24, 5.44 

7928 ptsqw'n C =» ptskw>n(h) 

7929 ptskw>n(h) B, M, C ^.c^w^^^lL^ 
patskwan (ptskwnh, ptsqw^) =»pcqw } y-, 

pcwq } n 
address (respectful), report 
GMS 1026; TSP 5.103, 9.92; VJ ; BBB el6 ; BSTi 

A23 ; MD; Frag. Len. 44.1 ,7 , 14, 81.15; CII 

1990, 85 

7930 ptskw>t- B, S , ^'o>Jj*s 
patskwat (ptsqw't-) ©pt. St. ^ptsqwWr- 
(to)address, (to)tell 



Anc. Lett.; KG; perf. ptskw't&r-, BSTBL, Intox. 
36; STii 8.9; MDii B-15,4; KG 356 

7931 ptsqw't- =* ptskw>t- 

7932 ptskw'tS'r- =» ptsqwWr- 

7933 ptskw'y- B, M, S (j>> j^, j^/^s- ^ 
patskway (ptskwy-) ©impf. pt c>) yskwy 

^ptskw^-, pcqw } y-, pcwqy-, ptyskwy- 

OcOaddress, (ro)say (to a superior) 
GMS 164, 567, 30, 170 

7934 ptskwnh MD ^ ptskw>n(h) 

7935 ptskwy- =* ptskw'y- 

7936 ptsm } r B, M, S (u>> y»~--: j->h^ <^L^ < jUi 
patsmar ©<*pati- smara\ Khwar. pcm } r ©ob. 

_-y =»>pw ptsnVr, pcmV 
number, reckoning, counting 
GMS 164, 957; W-Lii ; BBB; TSP; VJ 1174, 1177, 

1491; SCE 517; BSTBL, Dhy. 213, 238, 242 ; 

Frag. Len. ; KG; MSP; STii 7.32, 35; Hen. 

BSOAS 12, 307.4 

7937 ptsm'r- B, S, C j^J'^L^- ij^J'J^ io>^ 
patsmar (ptsmr-) ©<Av. patismara- «*pcmr- 
(to)count, (rethink 

ptsmr, Frag. Len. 11.2; TSP 12.17, 19; Anc. Lett. 
2.45. ; C2, 1R9 ; AVS 76 

7938 ptsmyr- B, S, M < j-ii-oj^- Oj^TjL^-u 

patsmir (ptsmyr-) ©<*patismrya ©pass. st. 

^ptsm'r-, ptsmyrt- 
(to)be counted, OcOreckoned 
BBB 622 el; GMS 142, 540, 706; TSP 2.489, 593; 

7.49, 194, 11.9; BSTBL; Frag. 2a.9 ; STii 10.49; 

KG 376, 377; TSP 2.24, 364 

7939 ptsmr- S(AL) =* ptsm>r- 

7940 ptsmr'k B ^L^^Li 
patsmare 

reckoning 

BSTBL, Dhu. 161 

7941 ptsmrt- M =* ptsmyrt- 

7942 ptsmyr- B, M =* ptsm'yr- 

7943 ptsmyrt- M, B o-&^-*- ^J'J^ < o>^ 
patsmirt (ptsmrt-) ©pt. st. =»ptsm } r- 
(to)count, (rethink 

GMS 142, 865, 928 

7944 ptsmyrty M ^^ 
patsmirte ©pp.; pi. -t 

counted 



ptsng 



320 



GMS 142, 486n 2 ; BBB el 

7945 ptsng C, M oc^cJUv-L* 
patsang ©<*pati-san; A v. asdmnd\ Skt. ksan 

=*ptsnq, pts } nkh, pcng, ptcng 
cross, torture instrument 
STii 1.50, 6.26; GMS 616 f n 1; Gersh. AHM 192; 

Sund. AI 1988, 183; C2 p51 n5 

7946 ptsng (Prwq C (Jj ^^J^-JU 
patsang-5aruk =»8 } rwk (>) 

cross 

STii 1.15.80; Sund. AI 28, 1988, 181 

7947 ptsnq C ^J^ 
patsang =» ptsng 

cross 

C2, 56V5, 8 p51n 5, Sfsan "to tear apart" 

7948 ptsp'ty => pcp>t(yy)? 

7949 ptspr- B, M, C cpj'jj <o^ iJ^J'c^j^ 
patspar ©<*pati-spar ©impf. ptyspr =»pcpr- 
(to)arrange, (rcOfix, OcObe placed 

GMS 164, 706; ptyspr, BSTii 895.49: C2, 54V19 

7950 ptsprt'k S =» ptsprty 

7951 ptsprty M u-jj <( jL* «4»l ^sj 
patsparte (ptsprt>k) 

arranged 

Hen. AM 1952, 206.4; KG 419 

7952 ptspry B ^< 
patspare 
arrangement 
TSP 2.366, 6.24, 26, 31 n pl74 

7953 ptst'n M, C 
patstan ©Av. patistana-, Pahl. padistan ©pi. -t 
thigh 

Hen. Tales. 475.27n 3, "trap"; BSTii 867.46; Benv. 
JA 1955, 326; C2 p63, 27V17 



-~?j> 



oh 



j^hjjd <o>! 



7954 ptsty- B, C 
patstay ©<*pati-staya- 
(fo)lean, (fo)rest on 
BSTBL, Dhy. 25; AVS 93 

7955 ptsty*n C j^ « jUi i{J ^ 
patstyan ^n'ptsty^ 

stable 

C2 p84, 40R 11, 12: BSTii 908, 11, 12 

7956 ptstyt'k S(MD) =» ptsty>n 

7957 ptsystyy M * 6 jb-uz- 
patsiste ? ©Av. hiOwat; hamsistd; *pati-sist 

<patsist ©pp. ^nsystyy 



oppressed 

Hen. BBB p56, 493 

7958 ptt>p M =» ptyt } p- 

7959 pttn B ^ 
pattan ©Skt. pattana =»ptn 

town 

BSTBL, Dhu. 211; Benv. Notes 1, 41 

7960 pttpy B jy'Zjj? 
pattape =»ptpy(y) 

lamp, light 

Lentz. STii 129 p593; GMS 81 

7961 pt8y> C ^y 
pat(i)6ya ? =»pty8y } 

abuse 
BSTi 90 

7962 pttyy'm- M o^oW 
patiyam ©impf. ^ptyto- 

(ro)end 

GMS 63a, KG 439 

7963 pttzVk B =* pHzVk 

7964 ptw B, S S^fjKijS 
patu ? ©<*pft- ~»ptwh 

retribution 

STii 10.25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 38; GMS 148, 487, 396; 
Frag. Len. 83a6 

7965 ptw>p- B o^£-l 
patwaP (ptw^-) ©Khwar. pcrffly- 
Go)respond 

BSTBL, Dhy. 8; Benv. JA 1939, 377n ; STii 5.37 

7966 ptw'b- C =» ptw»p- 

7967 ptw*c M *jSjj>. iS~Li>- 
patwac =»ptw>tch, ptwHyCy) 

dry I 

BBB p56, 491; GMS 1273 

7968 ptw'f- M ^U 
patwaf ©impf. ptyw } f 

(r<9)weave 

Hen. JRAS 1942, 232 n 6; BSOAS 12, 312.124; 
GMS 622 

7969 ptwVt- M o^jjj* 
patwart ©<*pati- warta- =»ptw*yrt- 
driving away 

Hen. Sogdica. 31.17b 34, 7 

7970 ptw } rt B, M ? o-if ^ tc^r j-» 
patwart =»pw ptw'rt 

divergence, turning ? 



321 



ptwyfi- 



BSTBL, Dhu. 69; BBB 641 

7971 ptwWk =» ptw>rtyy 

7972 ptwVtyy M ( j-i-O^ib t*x£ J3 > 
patwarte (ptw'yr^k, ptwWk) 

driving away, scaring away(//ze enemy) 
BBB p78.641 ; Sogdica. 34.7, +s } ny 

7973 ptw's- B, S jjLivXi^ 
patwas ©<*pati-was\ Sway- ^ptwHch 
(fo)dry, (to)gct dry 

TSP 6.88; Frag. Len. 29.15; Hen. Tales. 481, 50n 

7974 ptw'sryk B ^ S^c^ 
pat(a)usrik ? ©<*pati- ausa- ? 

charm stone 
TSP 3.92 

7975 ptw'tch B u£i^<«ju£i£- 
paftva(t)c ©f. pp. *=» ptw^yfy), ptw>c 

dry 

VJ 902, +zay 

7976 ptw>ty(y) S, M Jj&- «ajCii>- 
patwate ©<*pati-wa(y) ©pp. ^ptw^-, ptw>c, 

ptw>tch 
dry, dried 
BBB 500; GMS 1273; Hen. Tales. 481.50 n f ; 

Frag. Len. 29.17 

7977 ptw'y- B oxl^^l^- 
patway ©<*pati- wdya; <*way/*wey ©impf. 

pt>yw } y ^ptwy^- 
0o)wind, (to)rol\ 
VJ 29 ( ; GMS 570 ; Bailey. HMV 30 

7978 ptw^e- B cpb^ O^olf T 
patwe5 ©<*pati-waidaya- ^ptwyS- 1 
OcOinform, transmit 

Benv. TSP 6.97, 8.171n p204 ; GMS 302 

7979 ptw'ync S ? <j^ ^ 
patwenc ? ^ptw^-, ptwy } nc 

rolled ? 

MDii B-8 R12 p52 

7980 ptw'yrt- B, M 1o&&io>f& 
patwert ^ptw^tyy, ptw>rt- 

(f<?)turn away ? 

TSP 15.2, 3 ; Hen. Sogdica. 33, 34, ptWyrtk 
"driving away" ? 

7981 ptw'yrt'k =» ptw>rtyy 

7982 ptw } yty B *-^>r 
patwayate ? ©pp. 

rolled 



VJ ll d 

7983 ptwh S 01^- *j£ 
patu ? *=»ptw 

retribution 

Anc. Lett. 2.40, 4.7; GMS 396 

7984 ptwp'zny^ C ^^^j^^tJ^S^ 
pattaw- paz(a)nya 

patience 

BSTii 892.11, 910.47, 911.56: C2 gloss. 

7985 ptwr- B, M ^ <o^ Jj^ <j^bl tjS 
patur, patwar ©Khwar. pcwr(k) ©nom.; ob. -y ; 

ace. -w; pi. -t 
retribution, reward, effect, recompense 
GMS 515; SCE ; TSP; STii 10; BBB f24 ; Tales. 

481.5 

7986 ptwr'k ? S <-*«>/ 
pature /ak ? 

punishment 

MDii pl72.2 n pl73 ; MDiii p84.2 

7987 ptwx'y- C j^ 
patuxay ©impf. ptyxWy =>ptwxsty, ptxw J y- 
(ro)kill 

C2, 69R19, 7V18 

7988 ptwx'yny C ft ju^To!>U 
patuxay/ene =»ptxwyny 

killer 

STii 2.14 

7989 ptwxs- =» ptswys- 

7990 ptwxst- =* ptxwst- 

7991 ptwxsty C ^k 
patuxaste ©pp. pi. -f =»ptxwsty, ptwx'y- 

killed 

BSTii 832.22, 877.6, 875.9: C2 gloss. 

7992 ptwy'nc S cafjl ic.it fj, ^J^j>; 
patwenc ?, patuyanc? -^ptw'y-, ptw } ync 
returning back 

MDii 47.12; Gersh. Melanges Benv. 198f 

7993 ptwy't- B b^j? 
patwayat ©pt. st. ^ptw'y- 

(fo)roll, O^Owind 

VJ 508, 684, 25\ 810, 1086; GMS 590 

7994 ptwy6- M, S oabjl*j iojc*-Lj ijij'^ <o>^ 
patweS ©impf. ptywyS =»ptwysty, ptw*y5- 
(fo)dispose, (to)offer, (to)show 

GMS 302, 622; MDii, Nov. 4R 18, 19; Frag. Len. 



ptwyS- 



322 



O-U-alfT 



45.3; BBB pl04 f53 ; KG 2355 

7995 ptwyS- 2 S 
patweS Cptwy5-) 

Go)be informed 
Anc. Lett. 1.10, 5.16 

7996 ptwyd- C jj/JL-o^jaO^ 
patweS ©impf. ptywyS ^ptw'yS-, ptwyd 

rw'n- 
0(9)offer, (zo)render, (redeliver up 
BSTi 223, 213; Benv. JA 1943-5, 96, 1955, 312; 

BSTii: C2 gloss. 

7997 ptwyd rw } n- C u->^0^ 
patwe5- rwan =^ptwyd- 

0o)deliver up the soul 

C2, 60V 2 

7998 ptwysc* C aj^fjtal <^j&- 
patwisca ©f. pp. =»ptwyd-, ptwysty 

offered 

BSTii 888.7: C2, 91V7 

7999 ptwysd'r- C c^J'^jjs < j-ul>- 
patwis8ar ©<*ptwyst- dV- ©perf. St. 
(/goffer, (ro)recite 

STi 30.4; STii 4.22; BSTi 177 

8000 ptwysty M, C ^JjlaI ^ji^ji* 
patwiste ©pp. ^ptwyS- 1 , ptwysc* 

offered 

Sogdica. 67.12; Karab. Insc. 20 ; Sund. AoFviii 
1981 pi 99, 202n367, 28R 12 

8001 ptwysty(y) M J^^ «j£ojuIj <oJiij>> 
patwiste ©pp. ^ptw^rt- 

turned away 

BBB p78, 641; GMS 1245 

8002 ptwys- C o*J* y )*io*J>Sy* 
patwes ©<*pati-ausa 

(fo)kill off, (ro)put to death 

BSTii 830.21: C2, 102V21; Benv. JA 1955, 300 

8003 ptxryn- C o^J'^JJ'^J'^ 
patx(a)rin ©<*pati-xrin ©impf. ptyxryn 
(fcOhire 

BSTii 843.38: C2, 68V7 

8004 ptxryt- M CpjO-H 
patx(a)rit ©pt. st. ; perf. ptxrytd y r- 

0<?)hire 

Tales. 466.9; BBB 540 

8005 ptxw>y- M, C ( j^> ^ ^^ 
patxway ©impf. ptyxw ()) y =»ptwx } y-, ptyw'y- 



(ro)kill 

GMS 226, 400, 686, 917; BBB 505 n 1, 555 e5 ; 

STii 6.16, 45, 2.7; STi; BSTi A13; BSTii: C2, 

57V30 ; ptxwy-, STii 2.18 

8006 ptxwng M, C cSy& (-T 
patxung (ptxwnq) ©<*pati-xwahanka ©ob. 

-y =*ptywnk (>) 
murder 
GMS 121, 245 ; Hen. JRAS 1944, 143.19; STii 2.9; 

STSC 118.14: C2 gloss. 

8007 ptxwngqry C Jcj£ 

patxungkare 
killing 
STii 1.34 

8008 ptxwnq C =» ptxwng 

8009 ptxwnng M =» ptxwng 

8010 ptxwrk M ±&SSt*>j\ 
patxwark ? ©Shvar ? 

stained 

Sogdica. 21.19 n p23 ; Gersh. Sogd. Cpds. 145.143, 
xwrn ptxwrk 

8011 ptxwsdV- C tf£ 
patxus5ar ©perf. st. =*ptYwstw6 > r- 

(^)kill 

C2, 54R29; STi 41.4, 21.9 

8012 ptxwst- M, C, S j^ 
patxwast, patxust (ptwxst-) ©pt. st. 

=*ptxw } y-, ptywst- 1 
Go)kill 
GMS 927; STi 49.12; STii 4.30 ; Anc. Lett. 2.40 

8013 ptxwsty M, C, S **k 

patxuste ©pp.; pi. -t =»ptywsty l , ptwxsty 

killed * 

STii 2.13; BSTii ^831.22, 877.6: C2 gloss. 

8014 ptxwst- S ojuU, 
patyust (ptywst-) ©pt. st. =»ptyws- 
(/o)hear, (f<?)be heard 

Anc. Lett. 5.5, 30, 3sg. subj. ptxwstH "will have 
been heard"; GMS 873 

8015 ptxwt S 
patxut =>pcxw5 
ugly, reproach ? 

Anc. Lett. 1.6 n p9.10 

8016 ptxwy- =» ptxw'y- 

8017 ptxwyny C jlCoT 
patxway/ene =#mrtxmy ptxwyny, ptyw^k, 



? cr'JwT-'O^* 



323 



ptycyy 



ptwx*yny 
killer 
BSTii: C2, 3R15 

8018 pty^n B =» pty>n 

8019 pty'm B, M JA*, 
patyam ©<*pati-yama; \/~yam 

end 

SCE 456; BBB p98 cl6 

8020 pty J m- M, S o*/fU; to^^J^ 
patyam ©impf. pttyfm ^ptymtwS^- 

(ro)end 

GMS 580, 695, 630; BBB c22 dll ; KG 439, 2325; 
AVS74 

8021 pty'mcyk M jx 
patyamclk 

finfl, ending 
GMS 1014 

8022 pty'ms- B, M jjii f L; < ^lOW 
patyams ©impf. pty*ms t pty(y)ms ^pty'm-, 

ptytot-, ptyms- 

0o)be ended, (ro)be finished 
GMS 512, 630; Hen. JRAS 1945, 154.1; BSTBL, 
Dhy. 332 etc.; BBB; impf. Padm. 33 

8023 ptytat- B, M, S j»t Jtl i&Jju* 
patyamt (ptymt-) ©pt. st. ^pty'm- 

OcOend, (rc)be ended 

GMS 836, 865; STii 8.9; BBB p98 cl6 pl33 ; MSP 

b4, 135; ptymt&r, MDii; S W, RL 1984, 211; 

ptymtwS^-, Karab. Insc. 22; Gersh. Advice. 

79f 

8024 pty'mtk B •Jiy~<<3loy 4 
patyamte (ptytoty) ©pp. =*ptymty 
completed, finished 

BSTBL, Dhy. 343; TSP 15.16; GMS 176, 865 n 1 5 
BBB p99 dll, pty>m w ty 9 W-Li: Gropp. 42 

8025 pty'mty B, M, S =» pty>mtk 

8026 pty'myk S ^y, 
patyamik 

ending 
Frag. Len. 4.4 

8027 pty } n B ojU-,^*^- 
patyan (pty*n) 

distinction 

STii 7.1, 27 ; BBB 499 

8028 pty'p B, M,S dU^.a*J 
patyap ©*pati-apa-\ Khwar. pdfb ©ace. -w 



share, part, portion 

TSP 2.691, 5.6; BSTBL, Dhy. 72; Frag. Len. 47.4, 
48.4; Tales. 469.39, 476; BBB pi 33; KG 500 

8029 pty'p- M j^Tc^^ ^L 
patyap ©<*pati-dpa(yak Sap ©impf. ptyfp 
(r<?)reach 

GMS 630, 1236; Tales. 480.27e 

8030 ptyV B, M, C (/^)^^^ 
patyar ©<Av. paiti yara-\ MP patyar 
misfortune, enmity 

TSP 6.160, 7.63, 65; BBB 695; Tales. 480.3; Hen. 
BSOAS 12, 312.121; JRAS 1944, 138.23; 
pty'ryiyh STii 1.5, 3.18; GMS 219n 1 

8031 ptyNvz B v >tT lJ<xa 
patyoz (ptywz) ©ace. -w *=»ptywst 

trouble, disorder 
SCE 244 

8032 pty>z M ^l 
patyaz, patez =*ptyz 

autumn 

GMS 14, 529; S W, RL 1984, 208n 22 

8033 ptypys' S j,b 
patiPaxs ©impf. =»ptpys- 

(to)give 

MDii, Nov. 3R 6.7 

8034 ptyPyS- M, B ^Li i&J^ 
patipeS (ptybyd) ©impf. =»ptPy5- 
(ro)know, (f<?)feel 

Sogdica. 31.12: C2, 83R9; BSTii 916.11 

8035 ptybyd C =* ptyPy6- 

8036 ptypyfity ? B <±.\j* 
patlpeSte ? 

known 
TSP 2.237 

8037 ptybynt- C 
patipend ©impf. =»ptbynt- 
(fcOanswer 
C2, 23R29 

8038 ptycxs- M, C 
paticaxs ©impf. =»ptcxs- 
(fcOreceive 

GMS 622; C2, 12V18, 60R23; KG 2356 

8039 ptycyh M J^^jj^j 
patic(e) (ptycyy) ^pt'ycOi) 

facing 

BBB; Tales. 475.20; W-Lii 569 

8040 ptycyy =» ptycyh 



O^b^wL 



j^>>. 



pty8y } 



324 



8041 pty8y } M ^Lio^y 
patiGya (ptytyO ^ptyOy* 

abuse 
BBB 506 

8042 ptyfn- C ^l <c*-J «j>. 
patifn ? ©ace. -w =>ptyw8n 

part 

STi 37.5; GMS 176, 508; S W, C2 pi 15, 56V25 

8043 ptyf s- M, C o^y>- 
patifas ©impf. =»ptfs- 

(to)read 
GMS 622 

8044 ptyyrp- =* pt>yyrP- 

8045 ptyyw>y- B j^ 
patixway (p^yyw'y) ©impf. ^ptyw'y-, 

ptyxw } y- 
(ro)kill 
GMS 226, 622; TSP 2.201, 839 

8046 ptyywnt- C o^y, 
patiyund ©impf. =*ptywnt- 

Go)cover 

C2, 57V 25; BSTii 905.25 

8047 ptyyws- (oy j^> j->)o^ 
patiyos (pttyy'ws-) ©impf. =»ptyws- 
(ro)hcar 

GMS 622 ; VJ 1153; STii 524, 40; BSTii 890.3a, C2 
gloss. 

8048 ptyywy- B =» ptyw>y- 

8049 ptykn S j£*\-f , f> ^ 
patikan ? (ptyqn) =»ptkntw 

guilty 

STi 42.7, 43.11; GMS 148; ptyk'nw, Sogdica. 64.8 

8050 ptyqn C =» ptykn 

8051 ptym'ync- B, M, C o^x 
patimenc (ptymync) ©impf. ^ptm } ync- 
(ro)dress 

GMS 600; TSP 13.26; KG 607; C2, 57V22, 23 

8052 ptyms- M, B j=& u^ 
patiyams ©pres. & impf. ^ptytos-, ptyyms- 
0o)be ended 

GMS 630; Dhy. 94, 112, etc.; ptyyms, BBB pl33 

8053 ptymt- =* pty>mt- 

8054 ptymt8 ) r- =» ptymtwS^- 

8055 ptymtw8 } r- S o*koV± 
(ptymtS'r-) ©perf. st. =»pty } m- 

(/o)end 



MDii B-10R5; S W, RL 1984, 211; Karab. Insc. 

22 

8056 ptymty B, M ^LotC 
patyamte (ptymty) ©pp. ^pty'mtk 

ended 

TSP 16.21; GMS 176, 865 n 1; Hen. BSOAS 11.70, 
17; BBB c24 

8057 ptymwxs- M o^yo^J jy 
patimuxs ©impf. =>ptmwxs- 

(ro)dress oneself 
GMS 825 

8058 ptymy* C =* ptnymy* 

8059 ptymync B, C, M =» ptymync-, ptm'ync- 

8060 ptyn 1 M ojU^ «clf Lb- Jjb- 
patin (ptyyn) =»pt } yn 

separate, distinct 

BBB 499 b85 ; Hen. BSOAS 12, 312.105 

8061 ptyn 2 C oL 
paten ? =»ptyrn 

cause 

C2, 51V15 n p98 ; BSTii 886.15 

8062 ptync M j±/ 
patenc ©<*Av. pitii\ Parth. pdyn ©f. adj. 
(made o/)flesh, fleshy 

BBB 499 

8063 ptyny(y) M c^/jl,^/ 
patene ©pi. -r 

(made 0/)flesh, fleshy 

BBB 564 p57.499 ; GMS 170, 1249 

8064 ptyr-' C jd^jf 
ptir ? =*ptyrnc 

(fo)pass 

C2 pl79 $ 

8065 ptyr-' ? y*> 
patyar? ©adj. ^pt'yr- 

harmful ? 

C2, 66R5-6 pl47 

8066 ptyrn M ? ^ <cip '(M** i \s jUi 
patern ? =»ptyrny, ptyn 2 

cause, meaning ? 

Sogdica. 35.9; BBB 525; Sund. AoFviii 1981 
p217, 3R 8? ; S W, C2np98.15 

8067 ptyrnc C ijjf iJjAA* 
patirnc ?, patirenc ? ©f. pres. part. =^ptyr- 
instable 

BSTii 833.15; Benv. JA 1955, 303; Schwartz. 



325 



ptywyS- 



HMV 393; Sund. AoFiii 84n 139; S W t C2 
pl79, 104 V 15 

8068 ptyrnxwjyy M ojuaj^ ^^-jjl ^cJ^ jli-ljp- 
patern-xuze ? ^ptn-xwzqy* 

inspector, researcher(o/ze who seeks the cause) 
Hen. Sogdica. 35-15, pi. -r, C2 p9922 

8069 ptyrny C ^lj^jIm^jA 
paterne ? (ptyrnyy) ©<*pati-arana\ 

<*pati-9r9nu 
investigation 

Schwartz. HMV 392R7, 393n, "trial"; Hen. BBB 

p64 "enemy, oppoition" 

8070 ptyrnyy M =* ptyrny 

8071 ptyrwS- M 0^.3 j 
patiroS ©impf. =»ptrw5- 

Oojgrow 
GMS 622 

8072 ptyryS- S 
patireO ©impf. =»ptr } yS- 

(to)m\x 

Frag. Len. 69.29.32; p^yryS^, 3sg. opt. Frag. 
Len. 92.8 

8073 ptyrys- M 
patires ©impf. =»ptrys- 
OcOtear apart 
GMS 622 

8074 ptys'c- M 
patisac ©impf. ^pts^- 
(/<?)arrange 
GMS 622; BBB 666; HRii 97.4 

8075 ptys'ynt- B 
patisend (pt'ys'ynt, ptysynt-) ©impf. 

^pts^nt- 
(to)please, (/<?)approve 
VJ ; TSP ; MDii 

8076 ptyswc- B, S ^^ 
patisoc ©impf. ^ptsVc- 

(/cOburn, (/flight 
Frag. Len. 93.5 

8077 ptysynt- =» ptystynt- 

8078 ptysq>f- C ^^ 
patiskaf (pcq>f-) ©impf. ^ptsk'p- 

(rc)split 
C2, 54V 18 

8079 ptyskwy- (oy* y~^ j*)^ io>J Jey- 
patiskway (pt } yskw (>) y) ©impf. ->ptskw>y- 



o*. 



J'ojl 



O* 



^P C*- 



jJUJU^j 



lP^P CwjJ 



o* 



(fo)tell, (ro)address 
GMS 164, 622 

8080 ptyspr- C 
patispar ©impf. =»ptspr- 
Go)ar range 

C2, 54V 19 

8081 ptyt- C OJ^^Ij 1 jilaljtfl 
patyat ? ©<*pati-yat ©3sg. ptyd =»yt- 
06>)happen, (to)take place 

C2, 60R4, 60V 1 n p83 ; Ben v. J A 1955, 307, 1959, 
119; Indo-Iranica 24; Gersh. AHM 328 



!_^P- i-jJt>y AJ3 ij~* I /r^y <oJLA_^£J 



J'-P* 



8082 ptyB C 
patl/eO (ptytyO ©ob. -y 
disgraceful, contemptible 

BSTii 906.5, 843.30, 57: C2, 40V 5, 68R30 V26 n 
pi 84; BSTi 90 

8083 ptyt>p- M o-U" 
patitap (ptt } p) ©impf. 

(z^)shine, (relight 
GMS 622 

8084 ptyGy* C isJjp~«&<j*j*jd**> 
patiGya (ptytyO =»pty5y\ pt } y5 2 

co